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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333037/curcumin-and-natural-derivatives-inhibit-ebola-viral-proteins-an-in-silico-approach
#1
Shruti Baikerikar
Background: Ebola viral disease is a severe and mostly fatal disease in humans caused by Ebola virus. This virus belongs to family Filoviridae and is a single-stranded negative-sense virus. There is no single treatment for this disease which puts forth the need to identify new therapy to control and treat this fatal condition. Curcumin, one of the bioactives of turmeric, has proven antiviral property. Objective: The current study evaluates the inhibitory activity of curcumin, bisdemethoxycurcumin, demethoxycurcumin, and tetrahydrocurcumin against Zaire Ebola viral proteins (VPs)...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328528/evaluation-of-the-use-of-recombinant-human-basic-fibroblast-growth-factor-in-combination-with-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-with-instillation-and-dwell-time-in-porcine-full-thickness-wound-model
#2
Hiroto Saijo, Deepak V Kilpadi, Sadanori Akita
NPWT with instillation and dwell time (NPWTi-d), which combines NPWT with wound irrigation, has been clinically applied as a more effective treatment than conventional NPWT. Commercially available recombinant human basic fibroblast growth factor (rh-bFGF) has been demonstrated to be beneficial for use over the wound beds. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of combined treatment with NPWTi-d and rh-bFGF. Six pigs received 12 full-thickness excisional skin wounds and were treated with 6 different treatment groups for each pair...
January 12, 2018: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325856/is-insufficient-pulmonary-air-support-the-cause-of-dysphonia-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#3
Megahed M Hassan, Mona T Hussein, Ahmed Mamdouh Emam, Usama M Rashad, Ibrahim Rezk, Al Hussein Awad
OBJECTIVE: Optimal pulmonary air support is essential pre-requisite for efficient phonation. The objective is to correlate pulmonary and vocal functions in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to find out whether the reduced pulmonary function per se could induce dysphonia. METHODS: In this prospective case-control study, sixty subjects with stable COPD underwent evaluation of pulmonary and vocal functions. The pulmonary functions measured include {Forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1), FEV1/FVC ratio, peak expiratory flow (PEF), maximum mid-expiratory flow (MMEF)}...
January 8, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325362/-predicting-value-of-2014-european-guidelines-risk-prediction-model-for-sudden-cardiac-death-hcm-risk-scd-in-chinese-patients-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#4
W X Li, L W Liu, J Wang, L Zuo, F Yang, N Kang, C H Lei
Objective: To evaluate the predicting value of the 2014 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines risk prediction model for sudden cardiac death (HCM Risk-SCD) in Chinese patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), and to explore the predictors of adverse cardiovascular events in Chinese HCM patients. Methods: The study population consisted of a consecutive 207 HCM patients admitted in our center from October 2014 to October 2016. All patients were followed up to March 2017. The 5-year SCD probability of each patient was estimated using HCM Risk-SCD model based on electrocardiogram, echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) examination results...
December 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319719/a-new-low-cost-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-versus-a-commercially-available-therapy-device-widely-used-to-treat-complex-traumatic-injuries-a-prospective-randomized-non-inferiority-trial
#5
Fabio Kamamoto, Ana Lucia Munhoz Lima, Marcelo Rosa de Rezende, Rames Mattar-Junior, Marcos de Camargo Leonhardt, Kodi Edson Kojima, Carla Chineze Dos Santos
OBJECTIVES: Negative-pressure wound therapy has been widely adopted to reduce the complexity of treating a broad range of acute and chronic wounds. However, its cost is high. The objective of this study was to evaluate the following two different methods of negative-pressure wound therapy in terms of healing time: a low-cost method of negative-pressure wound therapy (a pressure stabilizer device connected to a hospital wall-vacuum system with a gauze-sealed dressing, USP) and the standard of care (vacuum-assisted closure, VAC)...
December 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311408/hepatic-hydrothorax
#6
Yong Lv, Guohong Han, Daiming Fan
Hepatic hydrothorax (HH) is a pleural effusion that develops in a patient with cirrhosis and portal hypertension in the absence of cardiopulmonary disease. Although the development of HH remains incompletely understood, the most acceptable explanation is that the pleural effusion is a result of a direct passage of ascitic fluid into the pleural cavity through a defect in the diaphragm due to the raised abdominal pressure and the negative pressure within the pleural space. Patients with HH can be asymptomatic or present with pulmonary symptoms such as shortness of breath, cough, hypoxemia, or respiratory failure associated with large pleural effusions...
December 27, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310377/fat-grafting-for-resurfacing-an-exposed-implant-in-lower-extremity-a-case-report
#7
Yun-Nan Lin, Chieh-Han Chuang, Shih-Hao Huang, Shu-Hung Huang, Tsai-Ming Lin, I-Wen Lin, Sin-Daw Lin, Yur-Ren Kuo
RATIONALE: Although numerous reconstruction protocols have been reported for lower leg trauma, those for distal leg trauma remain few. We present the case of a woman with an implant exposure wound, who was successfully treated through fat grafting, without major flap surgery. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 83-year-old woman with an exposed implant in lower extremity received reconstruction surgery once and the surgery failed. She refused additional major surgery and negative pressure wound therapy...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303688/a-multi-component-strategy-to-decrease-wound-complications-after-open-infra-inguinal-re-vascularization
#8
Nader Zamani, Sherene E Sharath, Elaine Vo, Samir S Awad, Panos Kougias, Neal R Barshes
BACKGROUND: Wound complications remain a significant source of morbidity for patients undergoing open infra-inguinal re-vascularization. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of several infection-control strategies on post-operative wound complications after open infra-inguinal re-vascularization. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted among all patients who underwent an open infra-inguinal re-vascularization procedure before and after 2014...
January 2018: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302924/serum-romo1-is-significantly-associated-with-disease-severity-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#9
Liang Ye, Yingying Qian, Qian Li, Surong Fang, Zhenhua Yang, Yan Tan, Wei Gu
PURPOSE: We aim to evaluate reactive oxygen species modulator 1 (Romo1) levels in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and analyze its possible relationships to OSAS severity, reactive oxygen species (ROS), and C-reactive protein (CRP). Additionally, we also investigated the effects of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) on serum Romo1. METHODS: One hundred and five patients diagnosed with OSAS were classified into the OSAS group, and 41 subjects without OSAS were recruited for the control group...
January 4, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302068/autoimmunity-checkpoints-as-therapeutic-targets-in-b-cell-malignancies
#10
REVIEW
Markus Müschen
Targeted therapy of cancer typically focuses on inhibitors (for example, tyrosine kinase inhibitors) that suppress oncogenic signalling below a minimum threshold required for survival and proliferation of cancer cells. B cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and B cell lymphomas originate from various stages of development of B cells, which, unlike other cell types, are under intense selective pressure. The vast majority of newly generated B cells are autoreactive and die by negative selection at autoimmunity checkpoints (AICs)...
January 5, 2018: Nature Reviews. Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288369/assessment-of-cardiovascular-risk-profile-based-on-measurement-of-tophus-volume-in-patients-with-gout
#11
Kyung-Ann Lee, Se-Ri Ryu, Seong-Jun Park, Hae-Rim Kim, Sang-Heon Lee
Hyperuricemia and gout are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation of total tophus volumes, measured using dual-energy computed tomography, with cardiovascular risk and the presence of metabolic syndrome. Dual-energy computed tomography datasets from 91 patients with a diagnosis of gout were analyzed retrospectively. Patients who received urate lowering therapy were excluded to avoid the effect on tophus volume. The total volumes of tophaceous deposition were quantified using automated volume assessment software...
December 29, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287600/pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-in-a-patient-treated-with-dasatinib-a-case-report
#12
Andris Skride, Matiss Sablinskis, Kristaps Sablinskis, Krista Lesina, Aivars Lejnieks, Sandra Lejniece
BACKGROUND: There have been several reports on dasatinib-induced reversible pulmonary hypertension. This is the first reported case in Latvia; the patient did not discontinue the drug after the first adverse effects in the form of pleural effusions, which we speculate led only to partial reversion of the disease. CASE PRESENTATION: A 67-year-old white man with chronic myelogenous leukemia was treated with the dual Src and BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitor dasatinib...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281190/hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-as-an-adjuvant-to-source-control-in-necrotizing-soft-tissue-infections
#13
António Pedro Pinto Ferreira, Sérgio Santos Vide, Tiago David Fonseca Fernandes, Pedro Miguel Barata de Silva Coelho, Óscar Ferraz Camacho
INTRODUCTION: Necrotizing soft tissue infections (NSTI) are rare but potentially lethal disorders, and adequate management is time- and resource-demanding. This study aims to assess whether variations in the treatment modalities - surgery, hyperbaric oxygen (HBO₂) therapy and negative pressure wound therapy - had an impact on the length to definitive source control in NSTI patients who underwent HBO₂. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of all NSTI patients treated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy between March 2007 and May 2015 at Unidade Local de Saúde de Matosinhos (ULSM) Hyperbaric Unit...
November 2017: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280702/effective-management-of-extensive-tissue-loss-after-abdominoperineal-resection-for-buschke-loewenstein-tumor
#14
G Balducci, G Carbotta, M G Sederino, A Delvecchio, R Laforgia, P Sallustio, P Lobascio, F Ferrarese, M Minafra, S Fedele, N Palasciano
The giant condyloma acuminatum or Buschke-Loewenstein tumor is a rare, sexually transmitted disease. It is an epithelial tumor characterized by its high potential of malignancy towards developing into a highly invasive squamous cell carcinoma. The present case concerns a drug addicted 40-year-old man who smuggled drugs using his rectum. He had a partially ulcerated mass in the perianal area of about 20 x 10 cm. He reported a progressive growth of this neoplasm during the last 3 years associated with perianal pain, obstructed defecation, bad sitting posture, no fever and weight loss...
September 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279806/incisional-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-for-perineal-wounds-after-abdominoperineal-resection-for-rectal-cancer-a-pilot-study
#15
Maxime J M van der Valk, Eelco J R de Graaf, Pascal G Doornebosch, Maarten Vermaas
Objective: Abdominoperineal resection (APR) is associated with high incidence of surgical wound infections. The use of incisional negative-pressure wound therapy (iNPWT) is known to reduce wound infections for several surgical indications. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the potential of a new portable negative-pressure therapy device on perineal wound healing in patients undergoing APR. Approach: A new single-use incisional negative-pressure therapy device was applied in 10 patients. A negative pressure of -80 mmHg was continued for 7 days postsurgery...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279772/combination-of-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-and-systemic-steroid-therapy-in-postsurgical-pyoderma-gangrenosum-after-reduction-mammoplasty-a-case-of-proven-efficacy-and-safety
#16
Sara Tanini, Gianmarco Calugi, Giulia Lo Russo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2017: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276674/upfront-triple-combination-therapy-induced-pulmonary-edema-in-a-case-of-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-associated-with-sjogren-s-syndrome
#17
Kimikazu Takeuchi, Kazuhiko Nakayama, Mitsumasa Okano, Naoki Tamada, Hideya Suehiro, Yuto Shinkura, Kenichi Yanaka, Hiroyuki Onishi, Hidekazu Tanaka, Toshiro Shinke, Noriaki Emoto, Ken-Ichi Hirata
Clinical efficacy of combination therapy using vasodilators for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is well established. However, information on its safety are limited. We experienced a case of primary Sjogren's syndrome associated with PAH where the patient developed pulmonary edema immediately after the introduction of upfront triple combination therapy. Although the combination therapy successfully stabilized her pre-shock state, multiple ground glass opacities (GGO) emerged. We aborted the dose escalation of epoprostenol and initiated continuous furosemide infusion and noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV), but this did not prevent an exacerbation of pulmonary edema...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274840/open-vs-closed-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-for-contaminated-and-dirty-surgical-wounds-a-prospective-randomized-comparison
#18
Richard Frazee, Anthony Manning, Stephen Abernathy, Claire Isbell, Travis Isbell, Stanley Kurek, Justin Regner, Randall Smith, Harry Papaconstantinou
BACKGROUND: A new proprietary negative pressure wound device has been developed to apply negative pressure therapy to closed wounds (Closed-NPWT). We postulated that Closed-NPWT management of contaminated and dirty wounds would lead to faster wound healing and no significant difference in wound complications. STUDY DESIGN: An IRB approved, prospective randomized trial was performed. Patients were consented preoperatively, but not entered nor assigned treatment until intraoperative findings were known...
December 21, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262416/consensus-on-wound-antisepsis-update-2018
#19
Axel Kramer, Joachim Dissemond, Simon Kim, Christian Willy, Dieter Mayer, Roald Papke, Felix Tuchmann, Ojan Assadian
Wound antisepsis has undergone a renaissance due to the introduction of highly effective wound-compatible antimicrobial agents and the spread of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs). However, a strict indication must be set for the application of these agents. An infected or critically colonized wound must be treated antiseptically. In addition, systemic antibiotic therapy is required in case the infection spreads. If applied preventively, the Wounds-at-Risk Score allows an assessment of the risk for infection and thus appropriateness of the indication...
December 21, 2017: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261553/local-modalities-for-preventing-surgical-site-infections-an-evidence-based-review
#20
Julia A Katarincic, Amanda Fantry, J Mason DePasse, Ross Feller
Surgical site infections remain a dreaded complication of orthopaedic surgery, affecting both patient economics and quality of life. It is important to note that infections are multifactorial, involving both surgical and patient factors. To decrease the occurrence of infections, surgeons frequently use local modalities, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus screening; preoperative bathing; intraoperative povidone-iodine lavage; and application of vancomycin powder, silver-impregnated dressings, and incisional negative-pressure wound therapy...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
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