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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212777/the-modified-rule-of-halves-for-prevention-of-dog-ears
#1
Julie A Croley, C Helen Malone, Adrian P Subrt, Richard F Wagner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212776/inverted-triangle-repair-of-dog-ear
#2
Francisco Russo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209829/draft-genome-sequence-of-staphylococcus-cohnii-subsp-urealyticus-isolated-from-a-healthy-dog
#3
David C Bean, Sarah M Wigmore, David W Wareham
Staphylococcus cohnii subsp. urealyticus strain SW120 was isolated from the ear swab of a healthy dog. The isolate is resistant to methicillin and fusidic acid. The SW120 draft genome is 2,805,064 bp and contains 2,667 coding sequences, including 58 tRNAs and nine complete rRNA coding regions.
February 16, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175969/masculine-chest-wall-contouring-in-ftm-transgender-a-personal-approach
#4
Giulia Lo Russo, Sara Tanini, Marco Innocenti
BACKGROUND: Chest-wall contouring surgery is one of the first steps in sexual reassignment in female-to-male (FtM) transsexuals that contributes to strengthening of the self-image and facilitates living in the new gender role. The main goal is to masculinize the chest by removing the female contour. Chest contour, scar placement, scar shape, scar length, nipple-areola position, nipple size and the areola size are the key points. METHODS: Between July 2013 and June 2016, 25 FtM transgender patients underwent surgical procedures to create a masculine chest-wall contour...
February 7, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175968/augmentation-of-the-nipples-reconstructed-with-modified-top-hat-flap-using-dermal-grafts-in-implant-based-breast-reconstruction-a-comparative-study
#5
Hoon Kim, Sang Il Kim, Won Ha, Chi Sun Yoon, Taik Jong Lee, Kyu Nam Kim
BACKGROUND: Nipple reconstruction in implant-based breast reconstruction remains challenging, as the remaining thin skin envelope results in a less projected neo-nipple with a reduced volume. This study presents a modified top-hat flap technique with rolled dermal grafts from the dog-ears of lateral wings for augmenting reconstructed nipples during implant-based breast reconstruction. METHODS: Between April 2011 and December 2014, among 34 patients who underwent immediate post-mastectomy reconstruction with a direct silicone implant, nipple reconstruction was performed using the modified top-hat flap technique in only 21 patients (group A), whereas 13 patients underwent the modified top-hat flap technique with rolled dermal grafts from the dog-ears of lateral wings (group B)...
February 7, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171732/endolymphatic-sac-tumor-in-two-dogs
#6
K J Barnes, V Clear, K Youmans, M R Hardcastle, N Nelson, A Petersen, M Kiupel
Endolymphatic sac tumors (ELSTs) are rare neoplasms of the inner and middle ear described in humans. Diagnosis of such neoplasms is difficult and largely dependent on a combination of histologic, immunohistochemical, and clinical findings. Although the neoplastic cells lack cellular features of malignancy, these are clinically aggressive tumors that often invade the surrounding temporal bone. Here, we describe 2 dogs with middle ear masses that share morphologic, immunohistochemical, and clinical similarities with human ELSTs...
January 1, 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171690/endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-of-a-large-neoplastic-lesion-at-ileorectal-anastomosis-in-a-fap-patient
#7
Stefano Sansone, Takeshi Nakajima, Yutaka Saito
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) may remove gastrointestinal neoplasias even associated with severe fibrosis [1-3]. We report the first case of ESD for a large neoplasia located in the remnant rectum after total colectomy in a patient with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). A 19 year old female with FAP underwent total colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis (IRA). Fourteen years later a surveillance endoscopy revealed a 0-Is+IIa lesion, measuring 75mm, occupying the "dog ear" portion of the rectum and involving the IRA (fig 1a-b)...
February 7, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160074/parasitism-and-inflammation-in-ear-skin-and-in-genital-tissues-of-symptomatic-and-asymptomatic-male-dogs-with-visceral-leishmaniasis
#8
C G Carvalho Junior, R G Teixeira Neto, V V Lopes, V S Belo, N R Alves, T B de Paula, R I M A Ribeiro, E S Silva
Canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) is transmitted through vector, although venereal transmission has been suggested. This study aimed to compare the parasitic loads and inflammatory processes in genital tissues with ear skin from seropositive male dogs. Forty-five seropositive dogs were separated into groups containing symptomatic (n = 23) and asymptomatic (n = 22) animals. The control group (n = 2) healthy animals with seronegative and negative results in direct parasitological test. Samples of ear tip skin, prepuce, glans penis, testis, epididymis, and prostate were collected for evaluation of parasitic load and inflammatory infiltrate...
February 3, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093080/efficacy-of-fluralaner-against-otodectes-cynotis-infestations-in-dogs-and-cats
#9
Janina Taenzler, Christa de Vos, Rainer K A Roepke, Régis Frénais, Anja R Heckeroth
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of fluralaner for the treatment of Otodectes cynotis infestations in dogs and cats was evaluated after oral (dogs) or topical administration (dogs and cats). Twenty-four dogs and sixteen cats were experimentally infested with O. cynotis and randomly allocated to equal sized groups (n = 8/group). Dog groups were treated once, either orally with fluralaner at a minimum dose of 25 mg/kg body weight, topically with fluralaner at a dose of 25 mg/kg body weight or topically with saline solution (control)...
January 16, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079639/batten-stitch-a-tissue-sparing-technique-for-correction-of-an-inverted-dog-ear
#10
Michael B Mortazie, Jeremy C Davis, Richard G Bennett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076469/scoring-clinical-signs-can-help-diagnose-canine-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-a-highly-endemic-area-in-brazil
#11
Kleverton Ribeiro da Silva, Vitor Rosa Ramos de Mendonça, Kellen Matuzzy Silva, Leopoldo Fabrício Marçal do Nascimento, Antonio Ferreira Mendes-Sousa, Flaviane Alves de Pinho, Manoel Barral-Netto, Aldina Maria Prado Barral, Maria do Socorro Pires E Cruz
Canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) diagnosis is still a challenge in endemic areas with limited diagnostic resources. This study proposes a score with the potential to distinguish positive CVL cases from negative ones. We studied 265 dogs that tested positive for CVL on ELISA and parasitological tests. A score ranging between 0 and 19 was recorded on the basis of clinical signs. Dogs with CVL had an overall higher positivity of the majority of clinical signs than did dogs without CVL or with ehrlichiosis. Clinical signs such as enlarged lymph nodes (83...
January 1, 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063831/life-cycle-and-parasitic-competence-of-dermacentor-nitens-neumann-1897-acari-ixodidae-on-different-animal-species
#12
Vinicius da Silva Rodrigues, Marcos Valério Garcia, Breno Cayeiro Cruz, Willian Giquelin Maciel, Namor Pinheiro Zimmermann, Wilson Werner Koller, Jacqueline Cavalcante Barros, Renato Andreotti
The objective of this study was to evaluate the life cycle and parasitic competence of Dermacentor nitens (Neumann, 1897) on different animal species. Experimental infestations were induced in five specimens each of seven species of possible hosts: rabbits, horses, sheep, cows, guinea pigs, birds and dogs. Rabbits were infested in the ear using artificial feeding chambers, and the horses, sheep, cows and dogs were infested in the ear without feeding chambers. For the infestation of guinea pigs, artificial feeding chambers were fixed on the back...
December 31, 2016: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994129/the-bald-and-the-beautiful-hairlessness-in-domestic-dog-breeds
#13
Heidi G Parker, Alexander Harris, Dayna L Dreger, Brian W Davis, Elaine A Ostrander
An extraordinary amount of genomic variation is contained within the chromosomes of domestic dogs, manifesting as dramatic differences in morphology, behaviour and disease susceptibility. Morphology, in particular, has been a topic of enormous interest as biologists struggle to understand the small window of dog domestication from wolves, and the division of dogs into pure breeding, closed populations termed breeds. Many traits related to morphology, including body size, leg length and skull shape, have been under selection as part of the standard descriptions for the nearly 400 breeds recognized worldwide...
February 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938395/assessment-of-afoxolaner-efficacy-against-otodectes-cynotis-infestations-of-dogs
#14
Doug Carithers, Jordan Crawford, Christa de Vos, Alta Lotriet, Josephus Fourie
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of a single 2.5 mg/kg dose of afoxolaner (NexGard®, Merial) against induced Otodectes cynotis infestations was assessed in eight afoxolaner-treated dogs, compared to eight untreated dogs. METHODS: After O. cynotis infestations were established and confirmed by otoscopic assessments in 16 dogs, all of the dogs were included in the study and allocated to two separate treatment groups. The first group of eight ear mite-infested dogs remained untreated, while afoxolaner was administered orally to the second group of dogs at the minimum recommended dose once on Day 0...
December 9, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925221/pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic-evaluation-of-grapiprant-in-a-carrageenan-induced-inflammatory-pain-model-in-the-rabbit
#15
V De Vito, M Salvadori, A Poapolathep, H Owen, R Rychshanova, M Giorgi
Grapiprant is the novel selective EP4 receptor inhibitor recently issued on the veterinary market for dogs affected by osteoarthritis. The aim of this study was twofold: to evaluate the pharmacokinetics and the pharmacodynamics of grapiprant in the induced inflammatory pain model in the rabbit after a single IV injection of 2 mg/kg; to compare the thermal antinociception effect after 2 mg/kg IV grapiprant, with that generated by 0.5 mg/kg meloxicam SC injected. Rabbits (n = 12) were randomly assigned to two crossover studies (single-dose, two-period crossover)...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896671/a-comparison-of-the-brainstem-auditory-evoked-response-in-healthy-ears-of-unilaterally-deaf-dogs-and-bilaterally-hearing-dogs
#16
M Plonek, J Nicpoń, K Kubiak, M Wrzosek
AIMS: Auditory plasticity in response to unilateral deafness has been reported in various animal species. Subcortical changes occurring in unilaterally deaf young dogs using the brainstem auditory evoked response have not been evaluated yet. The aim of this study was to assess the brainstem auditory evoked response findings in dogs with unilateral hearing loss, and compare them with recordings obtained from healthy dogs. METHODS: Brainstem auditory evoked responses (amplitudes and latencies of waves I, II, III, V, the V/I wave amplitude ratio, wave I-V, I-III and III-V interpeak intervals) were studied retrospectively in forty-six privately owned dogs, which were either unilaterally deaf or had bilateral hearing...
March 2017: Veterinary Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875082/effects-of-trazodone-on-behavioral-signs-of-stress-in-hospitalized-dogs
#17
Shana E Gilbert-Gregory, Jason W Stull, Mary Rose Rice, Meghan E Herron
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of trazodone treatment on behavioral signs of stress in hospitalized dogs. DESIGN Prospective observational study. ANIMALS 120 client-owned dogs. PROCEDURES Hospitalized dogs administered trazodone (n = 60) were observed for stress-related signs or behaviors ≤ 45 minutes after the drug was administered (time 1) and approximately 90 minutes later (time 2). Dogs that did not receive trazodone (n = 60) were selected to serve as controls for environmental stimuli that could affect behavior and were observed at the same times...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870236/prior-antimicrobial-use-as-a-risk-factor-for-resistance-in-selected-staphylococcus-pseudintermedius-isolates-from-the-skin-and-ears-of-dogs
#18
Gila Zur, Bella Gurevich, Daniel Elad
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance within bacteria continues to present therapeutic challenges. One presumed risk factor for increased rates of resistance is prior exposure to antimicrobial drugs. OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of time since most recent exposure, the number of prior antimicrobial exposures and duration of use on antimicrobial resistance rates in Staphylococcus pseudintermedius isolates. METHODS: Inclusion of a case in the study required laboratory isolation of S...
December 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813258/congenital-cutaneous-melanoma-in-a-dog
#19
Bruna Meyrer, Simone Passos Bianchi, Saulo Petinatti Pavarini, Daniel Guimarães Gerardi
BACKGROUND: Melanocytic tumours are derived from melanocytes and are common in older dogs with dark pigmented skin. Primary congenital cutaneous melanoma has been described in domestic mammals although there are no reports in the dog. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVE: We describe a case of canine congenital cutaneous melanoma with rapid progression to metastasis and death. ANIMAL: A male, mixed breed dog was born with a circular ulcerated lesion near the left ear...
November 4, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811633/wingtip-flap-for-reconstruction-of-full-thickness-upper-and-lower-eyelid-defects
#20
Ivan Vrcek, Eva Chou, Sean Blaydon, John Shore
PURPOSE: Pentagonal wedge resection is a technique used to address a wide variety of eyelid pathology. This procedure frequently results in excess skin at the apex of the wound, commonly known as a "dog ear." A variety of methods have been described to address the cutaneous redundancy, the most classic of which is the Burow's triangle repair. The authors present a technique to address the anterior lamellar excess that avoids placement of a vertical scar traversing the pretarsal and preseptal portion of the affected eyelid...
November 2, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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