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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896671/a-comparison-of-the-brainstem-auditory-evoked-response-in-healthy-ears-of-unilaterally-deaf-dogs-and-bilaterally-hearing-dogs
#1
M Plonek, J Nicpoń, K Kubiak, M Wrzosek
AIMS: Auditory plasticity in response to unilateral deafness has been reported in various animal species. Subcortical changes occurring in unilaterally deaf young dogs using the brainstem auditory evoked response have not been evaluated yet. The aim of this study was to assess the brainstem auditory evoked response findings in dogs with unilateral hearing loss, and compare them with recordings obtained from healthy dogs. METHODS: Brainstem auditory evoked responses (amplitudes and latencies of waves I, II, III, V, the V/I wave amplitude ratio, wave I-V, I-III and III-V interpeak intervals) were studied retrospectively in forty-six privately owned dogs, which were either unilaterally deaf or had bilateral hearing...
November 29, 2016: Veterinary Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875082/effects-of-trazodone-on-behavioral-signs-of-stress-in-hospitalized-dogs
#2
Shana E Gilbert-Gregory, Jason W Stull, Mary Rose Rice, Meghan E Herron
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of trazodone treatment on behavioral signs of stress in hospitalized dogs. DESIGN Prospective observational study. ANIMALS 120 client-owned dogs. PROCEDURES Hospitalized dogs administered trazodone (n = 60) were observed for stress-related signs or behaviors ≤ 45 minutes after the drug was administered (time 1) and approximately 90 minutes later (time 2). Dogs that did not receive trazodone (n = 60) were selected to serve as controls for environmental stimuli that could affect behavior and were observed at the same times...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870236/prior-antimicrobial-use-as-a-risk-factor-for-resistance-in-selected-staphylococcus-pseudintermedius-isolates-from-the-skin-and-ears-of-dogs
#3
Gila Zur, Bella Gurevich, Daniel Elad
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance within bacteria continues to present therapeutic challenges. One presumed risk factor for increased rates of resistance is prior exposure to antimicrobial drugs. OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of time since most recent exposure, the number of prior antimicrobial exposures and duration of use on antimicrobial resistance rates in Staphylococcus pseudintermedius isolates. METHODS: Inclusion of a case in the study required laboratory isolation of S...
December 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813258/congenital-cutaneous-melanoma-in-a-dog
#4
Bruna Meyrer, Simone Passos Bianchi, Saulo Petinatti Pavarini, Daniel Guimarães Gerardi
BACKGROUND: Melanocytic tumours are derived from melanocytes and are common in older dogs with dark pigmented skin. Primary congenital cutaneous melanoma has been described in domestic mammals although there are no reports in the dog. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVE: We describe a case of canine congenital cutaneous melanoma with rapid progression to metastasis and death. ANIMAL: A male, mixed breed dog was born with a circular ulcerated lesion near the left ear...
November 4, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811633/wingtip-flap-for-reconstruction-of-full-thickness-upper-and-lower-eyelid-defects
#5
Ivan Vrcek, Eva Chou, Sean Blaydon, John Shore
PURPOSE: Pentagonal wedge resection is a technique used to address a wide variety of eyelid pathology. This procedure frequently results in excess skin at the apex of the wound, commonly known as a "dog ear." A variety of methods have been described to address the cutaneous redundancy, the most classic of which is the Burow's triangle repair. The authors present a technique to address the anterior lamellar excess that avoids placement of a vertical scar traversing the pretarsal and preseptal portion of the affected eyelid...
November 2, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810214/comparison-of-ultrasound-imaging-and-video-otoscopy-with-cross-sectional-imaging-for-the-diagnosis-of-canine-otitis-media
#6
J Classen, A Bruehschwein, A Meyer-Lindenberg, R S Mueller
Ultrasound imaging (US) of the tympanic bulla (TB) for diagnosis of canine otitis media (OM) is less expensive and less invasive than cross-sectional imaging techniques including computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Video otoscopy (VO) is used to clean inflamed ears. The objective of this study was to investigate the diagnostic value of US and VO in OM using cross-sectional imaging as the reference standard. Client owned dogs with clinical signs of OE and/or OM were recruited for the study...
November 2016: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807675/dog-bite-injury-alar-repair-with-composite-graft
#7
Alberto Goldman, Uwe Wollina
Dog bite injuries are an important emergency. Facial dog bites can lead to disfigurement and stigmatization. Dog owners themselves are the usual victims of facial dog bites. Early surgery provides best results. A 28-year-old male patient presented 1 year after he had been bitten on his nose by his own dog. The pronounced nasal disfigurement with nostril stenosis was treated by reconstruction using a free composite graft from the crus of the ipsilateral ear with good results. Delayed reconstruction can provide satisfying results...
November 2, 2016: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804112/carriage-rate-and-antibiotic-susceptibility-of-coagulase-positive-staphylococci-isolated-from-healthy-dogs-in-victoria-australia
#8
D C Bean, S M Wigmore
BACKGROUND: Studies in Australia and elsewhere have shown high levels of antibiotic resistance in coagulase-positive staphylococci in dogs visiting veterinary clinics with pyoderma and related conditions. Although important, such studies tend to overestimate the burden of resistance. The aim of the current study was to investigate the prevalence of coagulase-positive staphylococci in healthy dogs in Central Victoria to assess the level of antibiotic resistance among these isolates. METHODS: We recruited 117 healthy dogs into the study...
November 1, 2016: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796918/pulmonary-artery-reconstruction-with-a-tailor-made-bovine-pericardial-conduit-following-sleeve-resection-of-a-long-segmental-pulmonary-artery-for-the-treatment-of-lung-cancer-technical-details-of-the-dog-ear-method-for-adjusting-diameter-during-vascular-anastomosis
#9
Kimihiro Shimizu, Toshiteru Nagashima, Yoichi Ohtaki, Toru Takahashi, Akira Mogi, Hiroyuki Kuwano
Sleeve resection of the pulmonary artery (PA) is always required for lung-sparing operations in which half or more of the vessel circumference is infiltrated by the primary tumor or metastatic hilar nodes. Following sleeve resection, conduit reconstruction may be indicated if there is excessive distance between the two vascular stumps, because there is a high degree of tension when repaired by direct anastomosis. We herein present a case of PA reconstruction using a tailor-made bovine pericardial conduit after sleeve resection of PA during lung cancer surgery...
October 31, 2016: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796564/parasites-and-vector-borne-diseases-in-client-owned-dogs-in-albania-infestation-with-arthropod-ectoparasites
#10
Enstela Shukullari, Dhimitër Rapti, Martin Visser, Kurt Pfister, Steffen Rehbein
To establish the diversity and seasonality of ectoparasite infestation in client-owned dogs in Albania, 602 dogs visiting four small animal clinics in Tirana from March 2010 to April 2011 inclusive were examined for ectoparasites by full body search and total body comb. In addition, ear swab specimens collected from all dogs and scrapings taken from skin lesions suspicious of mite infestation were examined for parasitic mites. Overall, 93 dogs (15.4 %, 95%CI 12.6-18.6) were demonstrated to be infested, and nine species of ectoparasites were identified: Ixodes ricinus, 0...
October 29, 2016: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770102/three-steps-to-treating-ear-problems-in-dogs-and-cats
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 22, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756390/determination-of-n-acylhomoserine-lactones-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-clinical-samples-from-dogs-with-otitis-externa
#12
Darja Kušar, Karin Šrimpf, Petra Isaković, Lina Kalšek, Javid Hosseini, Irena Zdovc, Tina Kotnik, Modest Vengušt, Gabrijela Tavčar-Kalcher
BACKGROUND: Bacterial intercellular communication, called quorum sensing, takes place via the production and collective response to signal molecules. In Gram-negative bacteria, like Pseudomonas aeruginosa, these signaling molecules are N-acylhomoserine lactones (AHLs). P. aeruginosa is a common cause of inflammation of the ear canal (otitis externa) in dogs. It employs quorum sensing to coordinate the expression of host tissue-damaging factors, which are largely responsible for its virulence...
October 18, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664450/correlations-between-peripheral-parasite-load-and-common-clinical-and-laboratory-alterations-in-dogs-with-visceral-leishmaniasis
#13
R B P Torrecilha, Y T Utsunomiya, A M Bosco, B F Almeida, P P Pereira, L G Narciso, D C M Pereira, L Baptistiolli, L Calvo-Bado, O Courtenay, C M Nunes, P C Ciarlini
Intensity of peripheral parasite infection has an important role in the transmission of Leishmania spp. from one host to another. As parasite load quantification is still an expensive procedure to be used routinely in epidemiological surveillance, the use of surrogate predictors may be an important asset in the identification of dogs with high transmitting ability. The present study examined whether common clinical and laboratory alterations can serve as predictors of peripheral parasitism in dogs naturally infected with Leishmania spp...
September 15, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609307/dynamic-changes-in-ear-temperature-in-relation-to-separation-distress-in-dogs
#14
Stefanie Riemer, Luciana Assis, Thomas W Pike, Daniel S Mills
Infrared thermography can visualize changes in body surface temperature that result from stress-induced physiological changes and alterations of blood flow patterns. Here we explored its use for remote stress monitoring (i.e. removing need for human presence) in a sample of six pet dogs. Dogs were tested in a brief separation test involving contact with their owner, a stranger, and social isolation for two one-minute-periods. Tests were filmed using a thermographic camera set up in a corner of the room, around 7m from where the subjects spent most of the time...
September 5, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600299/modified-dufourmentel-flap-easy-to-design-and-tailor-to-the-defect
#15
Keisuke Imafuku, Hiroo Hata, Yasuyuki Yamaguchi, Yuka Inamura, Shinya Kitamura, Teruki Yanagi, Hiroshi Shimizu
How to close skin defects is one of the most important considerations for skin surgeons. Rhomboid flaps are used for many types of skin defect. Such flaps, represented by the Limberg and Dufourmentel flaps, are widely used at any region of the body because they are composed of straight lines and are easy to draw. However, these valuable techniques have the disadvantage of being prone to dog-ears at a particular area of the flap. Therefore, our talented predecessors have modified these flaps in order to resolve the problems...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595575/the-novel-appearance-of-low-rectal-anastomosis-on-contrast-enema-following-laparoscopic-anterior-resection-discriminating-anastomotic-leaks-from-dog-ears-on-water-soluble-contrast-enema-and-flexible-sigmoidoscopy
#16
Mark Katory, Ross McLean, Khalid Osman, Mukhtar Ahmad, Tracey Hughes, Mike Newby, Christopher Dennison, Paul O'Loughlin
PURPOSE: Interpretation of water-soluble contrast enema following laparoscopic low anterior resection can be very challenging for both radiologists and colorectal surgeons. Discriminating the radiological appearances secondary to anastomotic configuration from those caused by actual anastomotic dehiscence is a common problem and may be made worse with the advent of laparoscopic surgery. The aim of this study is to identify potential novel appearances of the water-soluble contrast enema (WSCE) images of rectal anastomosis following laparoscopic low anterior resection to radiologists and surgeons...
September 6, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593360/antimicrobial-susceptibility-monitoring-of-dermatological-bacterial-pathogens-isolated-from-diseased-dogs-and-cats-across-europe-compath-results
#17
Carolin Ludwig, Anno de Jong, Hilde Moyaert, Farid El Garch, Regina Janes, Ulrich Klein, Ian Morrissey, Julien Thiry, Myriam Youala
AIMS: The ComPath project is a pan-European programme dedicated to the monitoring of antimicrobial susceptibility of pathogens from diseased dogs and cats using standardized methods and centralized MIC determination. Here, the susceptibility of major pathogens is reported from antimicrobial non-treated animals with acute clinical signs of skin, wound or ear infections in 2008-2010. METHODS AND RESULTS: MICs were determined by agar dilution for commonly used antibiotics and interpreted using CLSI breakpoints, if available...
September 4, 2016: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529998/species-composition-of-malassezia-yeasts-in-dogs-in-slovakia
#18
Zuzana Sihelská, Peter Váczi, Eva Conková
Malassezia (M.) pachydermatis is the lipophilic yeast, which is normally present on the skin and in the ear canal of dogs but under certain conditions it may cause dermatitis and otitis. There is less known about the occurrence of lipid-dependent Malassezia species in dogs. The aim of this study was to detect whether lipid-dependent yeasts are part of the normal microflora in dogs. Two groups of animals were selected for comparison. The group of healthy dogs contained samples of 118 individuals and the group of dogs with cutaneous lesions or otitis externa comprised 328 dogs...
July 2016: Berliner und Münchener Tierärztliche Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524283/rabies-vaccination-in-dogs-using-a-dissolving-microneedle-patch
#19
Jaya M Arya, Kristopher Dewitt, Maya Scott-Garrard, Yu-Wei Chiang, Mark R Prausnitz
Because humans get rabies primarily through dog bites, stray dog population control and mass or mandatory vaccination of domestic dogs and other animals has virtually eliminated human rabies in industrialized countries. However, thousands of people in developing countries die of rabies each year due to the inability to control dog populations and implement mass vaccination because of financial, logistical and other challenges. The availability of an easier-to-administer and more cost-effective vaccine may help to address some of these issues...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514887/polarized-m2-macrophages-in-dogs-with-visceral-leishmaniasis
#20
Pamela Rodrigues Reina Moreira, Filipe Santos Fernando, Hélio José Montassier, Marcos Rogério André, Rosemeri de Oliveira Vasconcelos
The objective of the present study was to analyze the skin (nasal surface and ear regions), lymph nodes (popliteal and pre-scapular), spleen and liver of dogs with visceral leishmaniasis (VL), in order to investigate the relationship between the parasite load measured as DNA copy number of Alpha gene of DNA polymerase of Leishmania infantum by quantitative PCR and the number of M2 macrophages by immunohistochemistry. A set of 29 naturally infected dogs from an endemic area for VL were sampled and another set of six dogs negative for VL and from a non-endemic area were analyzed as the control group (C)...
August 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
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