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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218068/prostheses-used-in-laparoscopic-inguinal-hernia-repair-biocompatibility-postoperative-complications-and-quality-of-life-review-of-the-literature
#1
Alexandra Florina Trandafir, Dorin Eugen Popa, Danut Vasile
INTRODUCTION: There is a continuous concern about meshes used in laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair, which mainly relates to their biocompatibility and ability to decrease postoperative complications and recurrence rate; in other words, efforts are made to find the "ideal" prosthesis. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate different prostheses used in laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair in terms of biocompatibility, postoperative complications, recurrence rate and quality of life, so that all the features could lead us to the "ideal" mesh...
September 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211217/application-of-unilateral-pectoralis-major-muscle-flap-in-the-treatment-of-sternal-wound-dehiscence
#2
Grazielle de Souza Horácio, Pedro Soler Coltro, Antonio Albacete, Juliano Baron Almeida, Vinícius Zolezi da Silva, Ivan de Rezende Almeida, Alfredo José Rodrigues, Jayme Adriano Farina
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to report the use of the unilateral pectoralis major muscle flap for the treatment of the sternal wound dehiscence. METHODS: A retrospective study including patients who underwent unilateral pectoralis major muscle flap was performed for the treatment of sternotomy dehiscence due to coronary artery bypass, valve replacement, congenital heart disease correction and mediastinitis, between 1997 and 2016. Data from the epidemiological profile of patients, length of hospital stay, postoperative complications and mortality rate were obtained...
September 2017: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205404/a-quilting-subcutaneous-suture-pattern-to-reduce-seroma-formation-and-pain-24-hours-after-midline-celiotomy-in-dogs-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Blake M Travis, Galina M Hayes, K Vissio, H J Harvey, James A Flanders, Julia P Sumner
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of a quilting suture pattern tacking the subcutaneous tissues to the deep fascia on complications after midline celiotomy in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Single-center, randomized, blinded, controlled trial conducted in a veterinary teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Four hundred thirty-two dogs undergoing midline celiotomy for ovariohysterectomy (n = 249) or other abdominal procedures (n = 183). METHODS: Dogs were randomly assigned to (1) a quilting group, subcutaneous tissue with apposition plus tacking to the rectus fascia or (2) a nonquilting group, with apposition of subcutaneous tissue without tacking...
December 3, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203998/optimal-management-of-a-synchronous-diagnosis-of-phaeochromocytoma-and-colorectal-neoplasia
#4
Ridwaan Sohawon, Peter Truran, Jonathan Webster, Barney J Harrison, Sabapathy P Balasubramanian
The incidence rates of phaeochromocytoma and colorectal cancer (CRC) are approximately 1 and 65 per 100,000 per year, respectively. Simultaneous presentation of these conditions is rare and poses unique management challenges. We report on treatment strategies and clinical outcomes in a series of patients with colorectal neoplasia and phaeochromocytoma. Demographic and clinical details of four patients over a 4-year period were reviewed. The median (range) age at first presentation was 66 (52-70) years. Phaeochromocytoma (2...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184778/technical-considerations-to-minimize-complications-of-inguinal-lymph-node-dissection
#5
REVIEW
Manik K Gupta, Amar P Patel, Viraj A Master
Penile cancer is a rare malignancy with a high propensity for regional dissemination. Current guidelines recommend inguinal lymphadenectomy in patients with penile cancer for palpable inguinal lymph nodes or in certain cases of nonpalpable inguinal lymph nodes. For many years, this procedure was performed with a traditional open approach and carried significant morbidity due to severe lymphedema, flap necrosis, wound infections, and seroma formation. The evolution of inguinal lymphadenectomy surgery for patients with penile cancer to a more minimally invasive approach has greatly reduced the morbidity of the procedure...
October 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184727/preliminary-study-of-pga-fabric-for-seromas-at-latissimus-dorsi-flap-donor-sites
#6
Yoshihito Itani, Akeo Hagiwara, Takahiro Hashimoto, Noritaka Isogai, Hirohisa Kusuhara
Background: Seroma formation is a major complication following latissimus dorsi (LD) flap transfer for breast reconstruction. We implanted a nonwoven polyglycolic acid (PGA) fabric-a biodegradable polymer-in the LD flap donor site and examined its effect on postoperative seroma formation and resolution in a comparative study on 38 patients undergoing primary 1-stage breast reconstruction by LD flap. Method: A PGA treatment group had a PGA fabric placed in the donor wound (PGA group, n = 20), whereas a second group was treated with standard donor site closure (control group, n = 18)...
October 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166345/prepectoral-immediate-direct-to-implant-breast-reconstruction-with-anterior-alloderm-coverage
#7
Glyn Jones, Aran Yoo, Victor King, Brian Jao, Huaping Wang, Charalambos Rammos, Eric Elwood
BACKGROUND: Staged subpectoral expander-implant breast reconstruction is widely performed. Disruption of the pectoralis major origin and the frequent occurrence of animation deformity and functional discomfort associated with subpectoral reconstruction remain ongoing concerns. Prepectoral single-stage direct-to-implant reconstruction resolves many of these issues. In this study, the authors explored the rationale for prepectoral single-stage implant-based breast reconstruction with anterior AlloDerm coverage as an alternative to the staged approach...
December 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166344/two-stage-prosthetic-breast-reconstruction-a-comparison-between-prepectoral-and-partial-subpectoral-techniques
#8
Maurice Y Nahabedian, Costanza Cocilovo
BACKGROUND: Prosthetic breast reconstruction with prepectoral placement may confer clinical advantages compared with subpectoral placement. The purpose of this study was to assess and compare clinical outcomes following 2-stage reconstruction following prepectoral and partial subpectoral placement of tissue expanders and implants. METHODS: A retrospective review of 39 (prepectoral) and 50 (partial subpectoral) patients was completed. Acellular dermal matrix was used in all patients...
December 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164131/continuous-laparoscopic-closure-of-the-linea-alba-with-barbed-sutures-combined-with-laparoscopic-mesh-implantation-ipom-plus-repair-as-a-new-technique-for-treatment-of-abdominal-hernias
#9
Reiko Wiessner, Thomas Vorwerk, Claudia Tolla-Jensen, Alexander Gehring
Despite extensive experience and significant reduction of complications in recent years, laparoscopic treatment of complex abdominal hernias is a challenge even for the experienced endoscopic surgeon. Patients with severe incisional hernias or symptomatic rectus diastasis benefit from the closure of the linea alba as a morphological and physiological reconstruction of the abdominal wall followed by mesh implantation. Occasionally, an additional component separation is necessary. In open surgery, this is associated with very large wound areas, postoperative seromas, poor wound healing and, in the worst case, mesh infections...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159743/morbidity-and-outcomes-following-axillary-lymphadenectomy-for-melanoma-weighing-the-risk-of-surgery-in-the-era-of-mslt-ii
#10
Lauren M Postlewait, Clara R Farley, Alexandra M Seamens, Nina Le, Monica Rizzo, Maria C Russell, Michael C Lowe, Keith A Delman
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist characterizing complications after axillary lymphadenectomy for melanoma. With high rates of complications reported after dissection for breast cancer and data suggesting that completion lymphadenectomy may have limited therapeutic benefit, this study characterized morbidity to facilitate clinical decision-making. METHODS: Using a broad definition for complications, patients who underwent axillary dissection for melanoma at a single center (from 2003 to 2015) were assessed through retrospective chart review...
November 20, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156861/intraoperative-boost-radiation-effects-on-early-wound-complications-in-breast-cancer-patients-undergoing-breast-conserving-surgery
#11
Mehmet Ali Gülçelik, Lütfi Doğan, Niyazi Karaman, Müjdat Turan, Yavuz Selim Kahraman, Gökhan Giray Akgül, Cihangir Özaslan
Background/aim: Intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) may pose a risk for wound complications. All technical aspects of IORT regarding early wound complications were evaluated. Materials and methods: Ninety-three consecutive patients operated on with the same surgical technique and given (study group) or not given (control group) IORT were included. Wound complications were evaluated in two groups. Results: Forty-three patients were treated with boost dose IORT and 50 patients were treated with breast-conserving surgery without IORT...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147077/application-of-breast-ultrasound-elastography-to-differentiate-intracapsular-collection-from-silicone-induced-granuloma-of-breast-implant-capsule-complementarily-to-contrast-enhanced-breast-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#12
Eduardo de Faria Castro Fleury, Ana Claudia Gianini, Veronica Ayres, Luciana C Ramalho, Decio Roveda, Vilmar Marques de Oliveira
Background: To determine whether there is correlation between magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and breast elastography to differentiate seroma/hematoma from silicone-induced granuloma of breast implant capsule (SIGBIC). Methods: Prospective study of 99 patients with breast implants submitted to breast MRI during the period from February 1 to May 1, 2017. Patients who present MRI findings of seroma/hematoma or SIGBIC were submitted to a complementary ultrasound elastography study to evaluate the correlation of the results...
2017: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142849/the-application-of-drains-in-thyroid-surgery
#13
REVIEW
Mattia Portinari, Paolo Carcoforo
It has been shown that the use of drain in thyroid surgery does not reduce the reoperation rate for hemorrhage. The aim of this systematic review was to update the knowledge of the role of drain in thyroid surgery in term of postoperative complications, pain and hospital length of stay (LOS). A systematic search was performed in the PubMed and Embase database to identify all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing clinical outcomes in patients who underwent thyroidectomy or lobectomy with or without drainage...
October 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141779/five-field-imrt-class-solutions-and-dosimetric-planning-guidelines-for-implementing-accelerated-partial-breast-irradiation
#14
Sarah Quirk, Petra Grendarova, Michael Roumeliotis
PURPOSE: A comprehensive set of planning guidelines was developed to aid in achieving reproducible dosimetric results for external beam accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI). The methodology for the development of class solutions for dosimetric planning of the APBI technique, including dose constraint recommendations, is presented for target coverage and conformity as well as normal tissues. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A conservative patient setup was simulated on a linear accelerator, and a comprehensive arrangement of gantry and couch angles was measured for clearance...
September 28, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131778/adventures-and-misadventures-in-plastic-surgery-and-soft-tissue-implants
#15
Dana J Lin, Tony T Wong, Gina A Ciavarra, Jonathan K Kazam
Soft-tissue augmentation and implants are increasingly seen by the radiologist as more techniques emerge for a variety of indications and locations. Some surgical and implant procedures are performed for purely cosmetic reasons in otherwise healthy patients seeking to improve their body image, and some are performed for reconstruction after cancer or other chronic illnesses. Abdominoplasty, liposuction, and autologous fat grafting can be performed for abdominal and gluteal contouring. Injection of liquid injectable silicone has historically been fraught with legal issues, although it continues to be used for augmentation in a variety of anatomic locations...
November 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128347/routine-use-of-pico-dressings-may-reduce-overall-groin-wound-complication-rates-following-peripheral-vascular-surgery
#16
Christina A Fleming, Mariya Kuteva, Karen O'Hanlon, Gavin O'Brien, Gerald McGreal
BACKGROUND: Approximately 19% of morbidity in peripheral vascular surgery is attributable to wound complications, which can result in delayed healing, but also arterial or graft infection leading to limb loss and even mortality in extreme cases. AIM: To determine whether groin wound complications were reduced following the routine introduction of PICO negative pressure wound therapy dressings (Smith & Nephew, Hull, England) in patients who had peripheral vascular surgery...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119078/treatment-of-cavitary-bone-defects-in-chronic-osteomyelitis-biogactive-glass-s53p4-vs-calcium-sulphate-antibiotic-beads
#17
Albert Ferrando, Joan Part, Jose Baeza
Aim: To evaluate the efficacy of bioglass (BAG-S53P4) in the treatment of patients with chronic osteomyelitis and compare the results with calcium sulphate antibiotic beads in one medical centre. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 25 cases. INCLUSION CRITERIA: patients diagnosed clinically and radiographically of osteomyelitis and treated surgically (Group 1: cavitary bone defects treated with bioglass and Group 2: cavitary bone defects treated with calcium sulphate antibiotic beads) during the period of 2014 and 2015 in one medical centre...
2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117657/%C3%A2-plug-free%C3%A2-connector-placement-modification-of-a-bilayer-patch-device-in-male-indirect-inguinal-hernioplasty
#18
Miroslav D Ilić, Srdjan S Putnik
The bilayer patch device (Ethicon, Prolen Hernia System®) for inguinal hernia repair has a connector that acts as a ‚plug‘ in the internal inguinal ring. The position of this ‚plug‘ component may be responsible for higher incidence of chronic pain and intestinal damage. We assumed that changing the position of the connector of a bilayer patch device (PHS®) and placing it medially in Hesselbach triangle would contribute to lower incidence of chronic pain and would not result in intestinal damage, with good clinical outcome following indirect inguinal hernioplasty...
December 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114900/standing-thyroidectomy-in-10-horses
#19
Marco Marcatili, Sarah J Voss, Patrick J Pollock
OBJECTIVE: To describe a surgical technique for thyroidectomy in horses with thyroid neoplasia under standing sedation and local anesthesia. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: Client-owned horses (n = 10). METHODS: Medical records of horses with a history of thyroid enlargement were included in the study if thyroid gland enlargement was treated surgically via hemi- or bilateral thyroidectomy, with the horse standing and sedated...
November 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102511/polyester-mosquito-net-mesh-for-inguinal-hernia-repair-a-feasible-option-in-resource-limited-settings-in-cameroon
#20
J Rouet, G Bwelle, F Cauchy, P Masso-Misse, S Gaujoux, B Dousset
BACKGROUND: In developing countries, most inguinal hernia repairs are performed using Bassini or Shouldice techniques resulting in higher recurrence rates than with mesh placement. Our study aimed to evaluate the postoperative course and quality of life of patients undergoing inguinal hernia repair with a polyester mosquito net meshes during non-governmental organization health campaigns in Cameroon. METHODS: Patients were prospectively included from January to November 2013...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
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