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Electrical stimulation incontinence

Peter L Lu, Carlo Di Lorenzo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The use of neurostimulation for treatment of gastrointestinal disorders has been growing over the past two to three decades. Our objective is to review current applications of neurostimulation in the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders with an emphasis on the use of these treatment modalities in children. RECENT FINDINGS: Gastric electrical stimulation can lead to symptomatic improvement in children with chronic nausea and vomiting refractory to conventional treatment, and a recent report of long-term outcomes is encouraging...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Israel Franco
Overactive bladder (OAB) is a ubiquitous syndrome that is defined by urinary urgency with, or without urinary incontinence. OAB is observed in all parts of the world, with a prevalence of 5-12% in children (5-10 years of age) and a prevalence of 0.5% in older adolescents (16-18 years of age). Published data indicate that around a third of children with OAB are likely to become adults with similar complaints. Studies in children and in adults with OAB indicate that these individuals are more likely to also have anxiety, depression and attention deficit problems, and that appropriate treatment of these comorbidities can often improve the patient's OAB symptoms...
September 2016: Nature Reviews. Urology
U Henscher, R Tholen, R Kirschner-Hermanns
As regards treatment for overactive bladder, physiotherapeutic interventions can be seen as an alternative to drug treatment. Targeted pelvic floor and bladder training is used to decrease the number of voids and the incontinence episodes or to increase the average voided volume in women with overactive bladder (3 systematic reviews with evidence level 1/1a).An additional option to treat women with overactive bladder is to use functional electrical stimulation and magnetic stimulation.2 systematic reviews 1 2 and 2 RCTs 3 4 reveal a low level of evidence (2 studies with level 2/2b) for the use of electrical stimulation (transcutaneous, vaginal or transanal) to reduce incontinence episodes and the number of voids and to increase the average voided volume...
August 2016: Aktuelle Urologie
Maria Luiza Veiga, Elen Veruska Costa, Inaah Portella, Ananda Nacif, Ana Aparecida Martinelli Braga, Ubirajara Barroso
BACKGROUND: Parasacral transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is an effective method for the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB), and, additionally, it accelerates bowel transit time. Therefore, not only does parasacral transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) improve lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), but it also resolves the problem of constipation in a significant number of children. Since TENS has a positive effect on LUTS and on the symptoms of fecal retention, it is possible that its action regarding OAB could be directly associated with the improvement in constipation...
July 5, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Yang Cao, Jianwei Lv, Chen Zhao, Jiayi Li, Jing Leng
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The therapeutic effects of cholinergic antagonists combined with non-drug therapy compared with cholinergic antagonist therapy alone for overactive bladder in adult women are unclear. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to compare the therapeutic effects of cholinergic antagonists plus non-drug therapy (electrical stimulation and bladder training) with cholinergic antagonist therapy alone among female overactive bladder patients...
October 2016: Clinical Drug Investigation
Lan-Fang Hsu, Yuan-Mei Liao, Fu-Chih Lai, Pei-Shan Tsai
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review and metaanalysis compared the effects of biofeedback-assisted pelvic floor muscle training with those of pelvic floor muscle training alone in patients with urinary incontinence after radical prostetactomy. DESIGN: A review and metaanalysis study design. DATA SOURCES: The metaanalysis was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and MetaAnalyses guidelines. A systematic search of PubMed/Medline OVID, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Cochrane Library, BioMed Central, Web of Science, Chinese Electronic Periodical Services, Chinese Journal and Thesis Database, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure was performed for retrieving records...
August 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Maria Luiza Veiga, Ana Paula Queiroz, Maria Clara Carvalho, Ana Aparecida Nascimento Martineli Braga, Ariane Sampaio Sousa, Ubirajara Barroso
OBJECTIVE: Neuromodulation has emerged as an effective therapeutic option for treatment of OAB in children. However, to our knowledge, no study has yet evaluated the results of neuromodulation on a session-by-session basis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the rate of complete response of overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms for each session of transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TENS), in a protocol of 20 sessions of therapy. METHOD: This is a prospective study of the improvement of LUTS in children with isolated OAB...
April 16, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Cherrilyn F Richmond, Deanna K Martin, Sallis O Yip, Madeline A Dick, Elisabeth A Erekson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the symptomatic change in urinary symptom distress before and after treatment with pelvic floor biofeedback and electrical stimulation in women with mixed urinary incontinence (MUI) and stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of women who underwent supervised pelvic floor biofeedback therapy and electrostimulation for the treatment of MUI and SUI. Our primary outcome was change in the Urinary Distress Inventory-6 (UDI-6) score before and after therapy...
September 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Fiona Stewart, Orsi L F Gameiro, Regina El Dib, Monica Orsi Gameiro, Anil Kapoor, Joao Luiz Amaro
BACKGROUND: Several options exist for managing overactive bladder (OAB), including electrical stimulation (ES) with non-implanted devices, conservative treatment and drugs. Electrical stimulation with non-implanted devices aims to inhibit contractions of the detrusor muscle, potentially reducing urinary frequency and urgency. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of: ES with non-implanted electrodes compared with placebo or any other active treatment for OAB; ES added to another intervention compared with the other intervention alone; different methods of ES compared with each other...
April 2, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Adélia Lúcio, Carlos Arturo Levi Dʼancona, Maria Carolina Perissinotto, Linda McLean, Benito Pereira Damasceno, Maria Helena Baena de Moraes Lopes
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of intravaginal neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) and transcutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (TTNS) on lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and health-related quality of life in women undergoing pelvic floor muscle (PFM) training (PFMT) with multiple sclerosis (MS) and to compare the efficacy of these 2 approaches. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Thirty women with MS and LUTS were randomly allocated to 1 of 3 groups and received treatment for 12 weeks...
July 2016: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
Michal Romaniszyn, Piotr Walega, Michal Nowakowski, Wojciech Nowak
PURPOSE: To verify the precision of surface electromyography (sEMG) in locating the innervation zone of the gracilis muscle, by comparing the location of the IZ estimated by means of sEMG with in vivo location of the nerve bundle entry point in patients before graciloplasty procedure due to fecal incontinence. METHODS: Nine patients who qualified for the graciloplasty procedure underwent sEMG on both gracilis muscle before their operations. During surgery the nerve bundle was identified by means of electrical stimulation...
June 2016: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
Siyou Wang, Jianwei Lv, Xiaoming Feng, Ge Wang, Tingting Lv
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacies of electrical pudendal nerve stimulation (EPNS) vs electromyogram biofeedback (BF)-assisted pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) plus transvaginal electrical stimulation (TES) in treating female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and to evaluate the posttreatment and long-term efficacies of EPNS for female SUI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two female SUI patients were randomized into groups I and II, 21 in each group. The two groups were treated by EPNS and BF-assisted PFMT plus TES, respectively, for comparison of their effects...
May 2016: Urology
Zhijing Sun, Lan Zhu, Jinghe Lang, Wei Wang, Honghui Shi, Hongxia Pang, Xinwen Shi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate continuous improvement of portable domestic pelvic floor neuromuscular electrical stimulation on the pelvic floor function of patients with stress urinary incontinence after short-term pelvic floor electrophysiological treatment in hospital. METHODS: Totally 60 women with stress urinary incontinence were recruited for this randomized controlled trial. The control group including a total of 30 patients, only received 4 weeks pelvic floor electrophysiological treatment in the hospital...
December 2015: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
Rafael Mendes Moroni, Pedro Sergio Magnani, Jorge Milhem Haddad, Rodrigo de Aquino Castro, Luiz Gustavo Oliveira Brito
We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials that studied the conservative management of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). There were 1058 results after the initial searches, from which 37 studies were eligible according to previously determined inclusion criteria. For the primary outcomes, pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) was more efficacious than no treatment in improving incontinence-specific quality of life (QoL) scales (SMD = -1.24SDs; CI 95% = -1.77 to -0...
February 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Cedric K Olivera, Kate Meriwether, Sherif El-Nashar, Cara L Grimes, Chi Chiung Grace Chen, Francisco Orejuela, Danielle Antosh, Jon Gleason, Shunaha Kim-Fine, Thomas Wheeler, Brook McFadden, Ethan M Balk, Miles Murphy
The purpose of the study was to determine the efficacy and safety of nonantimuscarinic treatments for overactive bladder. Medline, Cochrane, and other databases (inception to April 2, 2014) were used. We included any study design in which there were 2 arms and an n > 100, if at least 1 of the arms was a nonantimuscarinic therapy or any comparative trial, regardless of number, if at least 2 arms were nonantimuscarinic therapies for overactive bladder. Eleven reviewers double-screened citations and extracted eligible studies for study: population, intervention, outcome, effects on outcome categories, and quality...
July 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Amy D Dobberfuhl, Sara Spettel, Catherine Schuler, Andrew H Dubin, Robert M Levin, Elise J B De
OBJECTIVES: Although a relationship between pelvic floor dysfunction and lower urinary tract symptoms is described in the literature, the mechanism and pathways need further characterization. We developed an animal model of pelvic floor dysfunction after noxious stimulation of the pubococcygeus (PC) muscle. METHODS: Fifteen female adult rabbits were evaluated with cystometry (CMG) and electromyography (EMG) recordings from the PC muscle. Cystometry/EMG was performed before and after treatment animal (n = 11) received noxious pelvic floor electrical stimulation through the PC EMG electrode, and controls (n = 4) underwent sham needle placement...
July 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
A Geramipour, S Makki, A Erfanian
Individuals with spinal cord injury or neurological disorders have problems in urinary bladder storage and in voiding function. In these people, the detrusor of bladder contracts at low volume and this causes incontinence. The goal of bladder control is to increase the bladder capacity by electrical stimulation of relative nerves such as pelvic nerves, sacral nerve roots or pudendal nerves. For this purpose, the bladder pressure has to be monitored continuously. In this paper, we propose a method for real-time estimating the bladder pressure using artificial neural network...
2015: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Fareed Iqbal, Gregory P Thomas, Emile Tan, Alan Askari, Jamasp K Dastur, John Nicholls, Carolynne J Vaizey
BACKGROUND: Transcutaneous sacral nerve stimulation is reported to improve symptoms of fecal incontinence. Chronic constipation may also respond to stimulation, but this is poorly reported in the literature. OBJECTIVE: The study assessed the efficacy of transcutaneous electrical stimulation directly over the sacral nerve roots in chronic constipation. PATIENTS: Chronic functional constipation was established in all patients using the Rome III criteria...
February 2016: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Loránd Erőss, László Entz, Dániel Fabó
Neuromodulation is one of the most developing new disciplines of medical science, which examines how electrical, chemical and mechanical interventions can modulate or change the functioning of the central and peripheral nervous system. Neuromodulation is a reversible form of therapy which uses electrical or mechanical stimulation or centrally-delivered drugs to modulate the abnormal function of the central nervous system in pain, spasticity, epilepsy, movement and psychiatric disorders, and certain cardiac, incontinency, visual and auditory diseases...
December 27, 2015: Orvosi Hetilap
Tomonori Yamanishi, Kanya Kaga, Miki Fuse, Chiharu Shibata, Tomoyuki Uchiyama
Neuromodulation therapy incorporates electrical stimulation to target specific nerves that control lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). The objectives of this article are to review the mechanism of action, the type of neuromodulation, and the efficacy of neuromodulation mainly according to the results of randomized controlled trials. Neuromodulation includes pelvic floor electrical stimulation (ES) using vaginal, anal and surface electrodes, interferential therapy (IF), magnetic stimulation (MS), percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation, and sacral nerve stimulation (SNS)...
September 2015: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
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