keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"Emergency" and "hispanic" and "disparities"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688509/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-the-evaluation-and-management-of-pain-in-the-outpatient-setting-2006-2015
#1
Dan P Ly
Objective: Much is known about racial and ethnic disparities in receipt of opioids for pain in emergency departments. Less is known about such disparities in the evaluation and management of pain in the outpatient setting. Methods: Using the nationally representative National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS), we estimated disparities in visit time with physicians and opioid receipt in the outpatient setting. We focused on patients whose reason for visiting was abdominal pain or back pain...
April 20, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684801/evaluation-of-racial-disparities-in-pediatric-optic-pathway-glioma-incidence-results-from-the-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-program-2000-2014
#2
Erin C Peckham-Gregory, Roberto E Montenegro, David A Stevenson, David H Viskochil, Michael E Scheurer, Philip J Lupo, Joshua D Schiffman
BACKGROUND: Racial predilection to pediatric cancer exists; however optic pathway glioma (OPG) risk differences by race/ethnicity are undefined. We estimated differences in OPG incidence across racial/ethnic groups in a multi-state cancer surveillance registry in the United States. METHODS: OPG data were obtained from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER-18) Program, 2000-2014. Race/ethnicity was categorized as: White; Black; Asian; Other; and Latino/a ("Spanish-Hispanic-Latino")...
April 20, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678188/doing-battle-with-the-monster-how-high-risk-heterosexuals-experience-and-successfully-manage-hiv-stigma-as-a-barrier-to-hiv-testing
#3
Marya Gwadz, Noelle R Leonard, Sylvie Honig, Robert Freeman, Alexandra Kutnick, Amanda S Ritchie
BACKGROUND: Annual HIV testing is recommended for populations at-risk for HIV in the United States, including heterosexuals geographically connected to urban high-risk areas (HRA) with elevated rates of HIV prevalence and poverty, who are primarily African American/Black or Hispanic. Yet this subpopulation of "individuals residing in HRA" (IR-HRA) evidence low rates of regular HIV testing. HIV stigma is a recognized primary barrier to testing, in part due to its interaction with other stigmatized social identities...
April 20, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668651/examining-trends-in-obstetric-quality-measures-for-monitoring-health-care-disparities
#4
Teresa Janevic, Natalia N Egorova, Jennifer Zeitlin, Amy Balbierz, Paul L Hebert, Elizabeth A Howell
BACKGROUND: Elective delivery (ED) before 39 weeks, low-risk cesarean delivery, and episiotomy are routinely reported obstetric quality measures and have been the focus of quality improvement initiatives over the past decade. OBJECTIVE: To estimate trends and differences in obstetric quality measures by race/ethnicity. RESEARCH DESIGN: We used 2008-2014 linked birth certificate-hospital discharge data from New York City to measure ED before 39 gestational weeks (ED <39), low-risk cesarean, and episiotomy by race/ethnicity...
April 17, 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629922/medicaid-managed-care-in-florida-and-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-preventable-emergency-department-visits
#5
Tianyan Hu, Karoline Mortensen, Jie Chen
BACKGROUND: In an effort to address health care spending growth, coordinate care, and improve access to primary care in the Medicaid program, Florida implemented the Statewide Mandatory Managed Care (SMMC) program in May of 2014. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to investigate the impact of implementation of mandatory managed care in Medicaid on the preventable emergency department (ED) utilizations, with a focus on racial/ethnic minorities. RESEARCH DESIGN: The primary data source is the universe of Florida ED visit and inpatient discharge data from 2010 to 2015, maintained by the Florida Agency for Health Care Administration...
April 7, 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599018/sex-and-race-or-ethnicity-disparities-in-opioid-prescriptions-for-dental-diagnoses-among-patients-receiving-medicaid
#6
Chandrashekar Janakiram, Natalia I Chalmers, Paul Fontelo, Vojtech Huser, Gabriela Lopez Mitnik, Timothy J Iafolla, Avery R Brow, Bruce A Dye
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to identify specific factors (sex, race or ethnicity, and health care provider type) associated with patient receipt of an opioid prescription after a dental diagnosis. METHODS: The authors used Medicaid claims dated from January 1, 2013, through September 30, 2015, for 13 US states in this study. The authors identified oral health-related conditions by using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification diagnosis codes 520...
April 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588103/black-mother-s-intention-to-vaccinate-daughters-against-hpv-a-mixed-methods-approach-to-identify-opportunities-for-targeted-communication
#7
Jennifer Cunningham-Erves, Laura Forbes, Nataliya Ivankova, Tilicia Mayo-Gamble, Kendria Kelly-Taylor, Jason Deakings
OBJECTIVE: The cervical cancer disparity continues to exist and has widened between Black and non-Hispanic White women. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines could potentially reduce this disparity, yet remain underused among Black female adolescents. We investigated psychosocial and cultural factors associated with Black mothers' intentions to vaccinate their daughters against HPV, and explored views toward a HPV vaccine mandate. METHODS: In this quantitative dominant, mixed methods study, cross sectional surveys (n=237) and follow-up semi-structured interviews (n=9) were conducted with Black mothers of daughters...
March 24, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484532/using-community-based-participatory-research-to-develop-geospatial-models-toward-improving-community-health-for-disadvantaged-hispanic-populations-in-charlotte-nc
#8
Thomas M Ludden, Yhenneko J Taylor, Laura K Simmons, Heather A Smith, Brisa Urquieta de Hernandez, Hazel Tapp, Owen J Furuseth, Michael F Dulin
Hispanic immigrant communities across the U.S. experience persistent health disparities and barriers to primary care. We examined whether community-based participatory research (CBPR) and geospatial modeling could systematically and reproducibly pinpoint neighborhoods in Charlotte, North Carolina with large proportions of Hispanic immigrants who were at-risk for poor health outcomes and health disparities. Using a CBPR framework, we identified 21 social determinants of health measures and developed a geospatial model from a subset of those measures to identify neighborhoods with large proportions of Hispanic immigrant populations at risk for poor health outcomes...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484499/sleep-disturbance-among-chinese-breast-cancer-survivors-living-in-the-usa
#9
Brian D Gonzalez, Qian Lu
PURPOSE: Emerging evidence suggests Chinese breast cancer survivors, a largely understudied population, are at increased risk of sleep disturbance which can have significant impacts on quality of life and other important outcomes. This study aims to describe sleep disturbance among Chinese breast cancer survivors and to examine demographic and clinical correlates as well as psychosocial correlates of sleep disturbance. METHODS: Data from 80 Chinese breast cancer survivors in the USA completed the Chinese version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index as well as measures of quality of life, depressive symptoms, and perceived stress...
February 26, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457521/relationships-between-race-ethnicity-and-health-care-utilization-among-older-post-acute-home-health-care-patients
#10
Jo-Ana D Chase, David Russell, Liming Huang, Alexandra Hanlon, Melissa O'Connor, Kathryn H Bowles
Few studies have explored racial/ethnic differences in health care outcomes among patients receiving home health care (HHC), despite known differences in other care settings. We conducted a retrospective cohort study examining racial/ethnic disparities in rehospitalization and emergency room (ER) use among post-acute patients served by a large northeastern HHC agency between 2013 and 2014 ( N = 22,722). We used multivariable binomial logistic regression to describe the relationship between race/ethnicity and health care utilization outcomes, adjusting for individual-level factors that are conceptually related to health service use...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438605/understanding-the-factors-that-influence-risk-tolerance-among-minority-women-a-qualitative-study
#11
Betty Hsiao, Sonal Balla, Kristin Mattocks, Liana Fraenkel
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to explore the factors that influence risk tolerance among women from different racial/ethnic groups. METHODS: In-depth individual interviews of Non-Hispanic Black, Non-Hispanic White, and Hispanic women aged 20-45 were conducted by a trained interviewer (S.B.) using a semi-structured interview guide to elicit the factors that influence risk tolerance among minority women. The interviews were audiotaped and professionally transcribed with a final sample size of 36 determined by thematic saturation...
February 13, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438226/racial-differences-in-presentations-and-predictors-of-acute-pain-following-motor-vehicle-collision
#12
Francesca L Beaudoin, Roee Gutman, Wanting Zhai, Roland C Merchant, Melissa A Clark, Kenneth A Bollen, Phyllis Hendry, Michael C Kurz, Christopher Lewandowski, Claire Pearson, Brian O'Neil, Elizabeth Datner, Patricia Mitchell, Robert Domeier, Samuel A McLean
African-Americans experience a greater burden of acute pain than non-Hispanic white individuals across of variety of acute medical conditions, but it is unknown if this is the case following trauma. We evaluated pain, pain-related characteristics (e.g. peri-traumatic distress), and analgesic treatment in two cohorts of individuals (African-American (n=931) and non-Hispanic white (n=948)) presenting to the emergency department after a motor-vehicle crash (MVC). We performed a propensity-matched analysis (n=796 in each group) to assess racial differences in acute pain in the ED...
February 9, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396081/girls-sleep-trajectories-across-the-pubertal-transition-emerging-racial-ethnic-differences
#13
Lindsay Till Hoyt, Julianna Deardorff, Kristine Marceau, Cecile A Laurent, Gayle C Windham, Louise C Greenspan, Susan M Pinney, Susan Teitelbaum, Kevin J Grimm, Melissa J Hagan, Frank M Biro, Mary S Wolff, Lawrence H Kushi, Robert A Hiatt
PURPOSE: This study aims to examine the longitudinal association between puberty and sleep in a diverse sample of girls and explore racial/ethnic differences in this association. METHODS: Using latent growth curve modeling, the present study measured pubertal development (timing and rate) and sleep (wake time and bedtime) in 1,239 socioeconomically and ethnically diverse girls starting when they were 6-8 years old and followed longitudinally for up to 8 years. Pubertal assessment was conducted annually in clinic by physical examination, classified by sexual maturation stage for breast and pubic hair development by trained raters...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324218/hours-lost-to-planned-and-unplanned-dental-visits-among-us-adults
#14
Uma Kelekar, Shillpa Naavaal
INTRODUCTION: Poor oral health is associated with lost hours at work or school, which may affect a person's productivity. The objective of our study was to estimate work or school hours lost to dental visits among adults aged 18 and older by the types of visits (emergency or unplanned; routine, planned, or orthodontic; or cosmetic) and to determine the factors associated with hours lost. METHODS: We used the most recent Oral Health Supplement data, from the 2008 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), to estimate the total hours lost at work or school for dental visits among adults in the United States...
January 11, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290019/trends-in-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-childhood-asthma-in-miami-florida-2005-2013
#15
Consuelo M Beck-Sague, Alejandro Arrieta, M Claudia Pinzon-Iregui, Benjamin Ortiz, Andrew G Dean, Andrew Cuddihy, Janvier Gasana
Nationally, racial and ethnic disparities in childhood asthma plateaued from 2005 to 2013. We assessed trends in childhood asthma in Miami, Florida using Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) data and emergency department (ED) utilization and hospitalization rates by zip code population characteristics. Asthma prevalence in Miami did not vary significantly by race/ethnicity in YRBSS respondents in 2005 (16.2-17.2%, all groups), but rose in African-Americans and Hispanics and declined in Whites by 2013 to 27...
December 30, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248389/ethnic-differences-in-cigarette-use-trajectories-and-health-psychosocial-and-academic-outcomes
#16
Michael S Dunbar, Joan S Tucker, Brett A Ewing, Layla Parast, Eric R Pedersen, Anthony Rodriguez, Elizabeth J D'Amico
PURPOSE: Cigarette smoking among youth is associated with poorer health and psychosocial outcomes. However, few studies address how smoking may differentially relate to the emergence of disparities in functioning across races/ethnicities over adolescence. METHODS: Youth (n = 2,509) were surveyed eight times from ages 11 to 18. We measured cigarette use, academic and social functioning, mental and physical health, and delinquency. Sequelae of change models controlled for sociodemographic factors, and tested whether intercept and slope for smoking trajectories were associated with outcomes at the end of high school, and examined racial/ethnic differences in outcomes assuming similar smoking trajectories across groups...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124684/racial-ethnic-disparities-a-longitudinal-study-of-growth-trajectories-among-us-kindergarten-children
#17
Inyang A Isong, Tracy Richmond, Mauricio Avendaño, Ichiro Kawachi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: While previous studies have documented racial/ethnic disparities in childhood obesity, less is known about when disparities emerge, how they evolve, and the most appropriate early childhood period for targeted interventions. We examined racial/ethnic differences in growth trajectories among US kindergarten-aged children followed from birth and identified sensitive periods at which disparities emerge. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This is a longitudinal study design using Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Birth Cohort data...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098504/examining-hpv-and-hpv-vaccine-related-cognitions-and-acceptability-among-us-born-and-immigrant-hispanics-and-us-born-and-immigrant-non-hispanic-blacks-a-preliminary-catchment-area-study
#18
Kimlin Tam Ashing, Agatha Carrington, Camille Ragin, Veronica Roach
PURPOSE: Disparities in HPV vaccination exist. Therefore, we investigated the distinction and disparities in HPV- and HPV vaccine-related cognitions and acceptability among US-born African Americans (AA) and Black immigrants, and between US-born Latinas and Latina immigrants. METHODS: Secondary data analyses were conducted with 383 female adults divided into non-Hispanic Blacks-(1) AA born in the US (n = 129) and (2) Black immigrants (n = 53), and Hispanics-(3) Latinas born in the US (n = 57) and (4) Latina immigrants (n = 144)...
November 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095198/surgeons-perceptions-toward-providing-care-for-diverse-patients-the-need-for-cultural-dexterity-training
#19
Navin R Changoor, Nidhi R Udyavar, Megan A Morris, Maya Torain, John T Mullen, Tara S Kent, Douglas S Smink, Alexander Green, Adil H Haider
OBJECTIVE: We sought to understand the experiences of surgical residents and faculty with treating culturally diverse patients, and identify recommendations for establishing and implementing structured cultural competency training. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Cultural competency training for medical professionals could reduce healthcare disparities, yet is currently not a standard part of surgical residency training. Few studies have explored the perspectives of surgical residents and faculty on the skills needed to provide cross-cultural care...
October 31, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29088920/-some-men-just-don-t-want-to-get-hurt-perspectives-of-u-s-virgin-islands-men-toward-partner-violence-and-hiv-risks
#20
Kamila A Alexander, Noelle M St Vil, Marilyn A Braithwaite-Hall, Michael Sanchez, Aletha Baumann, Gloria B Callwood, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Doris W Campbell
OBJECTIVES: Global evidence suggests that individuals who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) can have accelerated risk for HIV transmission. The U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI) has high per capita rates of HIV and IPV that can have devastating effects on women's health. Catalysts for these health disparities may be shaped by cultural and social definitions of conventional masculinity. Thus, understanding USVI men's perceptions about HIV risks and IPV are a necessary component of developing strategies to improve women's health...
October 31, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
keyword
keyword
103491
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"