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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734462/effect-of-bariatric-surgery-on-emergency-department-visits-and-hospitalizations-for-atrial-fibrillation
#1
Yuichi J Shimada, Yusuke Tsugawa, Carlos A Camargo, David F M Brown, Kohei Hasegawa
Atrial fibrillation (AF) and obesity are major health problems in the United States. However, little is known about whether bariatric surgery affects AF-related morbidities. This study investigated whether bariatric surgery is associated with short-term and long-term changes in the risk of emergency department (ED) visits or hospitalizations for AF. We performed a self-controlled case series study of obese adults with AF who underwent bariatric surgery by using population-based ED and inpatient databases in California, Florida, and Nebraska from 2005 to 2011...
June 27, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711814/problem-alcohol-use-and-healthcare-utilization-among-persons-with-cannabis-use-disorder-in-the-united-states
#2
William S John, Li-Tzy Wu
BACKGROUND: The emergency department (ED) and hospital settings represent crucial opportunities for engaging treatment for cannabis use disorder (CUD). Thus, there is a need to identify factors associated with healthcare utilization among persons with CUD to improve screening and intervention approaches. Problematic alcohol use may be a salient risk factor. METHODS: Using data from the 2005-2013 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health, we determined factors, including different patterns of alcohol use, associated with past-year ED admission and inpatient hospitalization among persons aged 12 years or older meeting criteria for CUD in the past year (N=16,757)...
June 30, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705744/the-relationship-between-ocular-trauma-and-substance-abuse-in-emergency-department-patients
#3
Sylvia L Chang, Vaama Patel, John Giltner, Richard Lee, Catherine A Marco
INTRODUCTION: Eye injury is the second most common cause of visual impairment and a leading cause of monocular blindness in the United States. There are approximately 6 million ED visits related to drug use annually, including misuse or abuse of pharmaceuticals and illicit drug use. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between ocular trauma and substance abuse among emergency department patients and to assess that relationship with demographic factors, including age and gender...
July 8, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680518/the-affordable-care-act-disparities-in-emergency-department-use-for-mental-health-diagnoses-in-young-adults
#4
Justin Yanuck, Bryson Hicks, Craig Anderson, John Billimek, Shahram Lotfipour, Bharath Chakravarthy
BACKGROUND: There is little consensus as to the effects of insurance expansion on emergency department (ED) utilization for mental health purposes. We aimed to study the race specific association between the dependent coverage provision of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and changes in young adults' usage of emergency department services for psychiatric diagnoses. METHODS: We utilized a Quasi-Experimental analysis of ED use in California from 2009-2011 for behavioral health diagnoses of individuals aged 19 to 31 years...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670087/plasmapheresis-for-recurrent-acute-pancreatitis-from-hypertriglyceridemia
#5
Kathleen Kopecky, Amber Moreland, Christopher Hebert, Gates B Colbert
Acute pancreatitis is a known complication of severe hypertriglyceridemia. Therapeutic experience with plasmapheresis is less well reported but has been highly successful in life-threatening presentations. We describe a 38-year-old obese Hispanic woman with a previous history of acute pancreatitis from diabetic hypertriglyceridemia who presented to the emergency department with a 2-day history of worsening abdominal pain. Plasmapheresis was initiated with one calculated plasma volume exchange using 5% albumin replacement within 24 hours of admission...
July 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661817/dental-related-use-of-hospital-emergency-departments-by-hispanics-and-non-hispanics-in-florida
#6
Claudia A Serna, Oscar Arevalo, Scott L Tomar
OBJECTIVES: To examine differences between Hispanics and non-Hispanics in Florida in the dental-related use of hospital emergency departments (EDs). METHODS: We used ambulatory ED discharge records from 2013 to 2015 to compute rates of ED visits for dental complaints per 10 000 population, by region, age, gender, and the percentage distribution visits by primary payer, day of the week, and hour of arrival. RESULTS: There were 64 100 ED visits for dental complaints by Hispanics and 425 162 by non-Hispanics...
May 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650248/health-services-utilization-among-fee-for-service-medicare-and-medicaid-patients-under-age-65-with-behavioral-health-illness-at-an-urban-safety-net-hospital
#7
Ramon S Cancino, Brian W Jack, John Jarvis, Alice Kate Cummings, Ellie Cooper, Pierre-Yves Cremieux, James F Burgess
BACKGROUND: In 2011, fee-for-service patients with both Medicare and Medicaid (dual eligible) sustained $319.5 billion in health care costs. OBJECTIVE: To describe the emergency department (ED) use and hospital admissions of adult dual eligible patients aged under 65 years who used an urban safety net hospital. METHODS: This was a retrospective database analysis of patients aged between 18 and 65 years with Medicare and Medicaid, who used an urban safety net academic health center between January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2011...
July 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645958/factors-predicting-self-reported-medication-low-adherence-in-a-large-sample-of-adults-in-the-us-general-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Michael Feehan, Margaux A Morrison, Casey Tak, Donald E Morisky, Margaret M DeAngelis, Mark A Munger
OBJECTIVES: The study objective was to determine the level and correlates of self-reported medication low adherence in the US general population. SETTING: A 30 min cross-sectional online survey was conducted with a national sample of adults. PARTICIPANTS: 9202 adults (aged 18+) who had filled at least three or more prescriptions at a community pharmacy in the past 12 months. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-reported medication adherence was measured with the 8-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632589/emergency-department-visits-following-elective-total-hip-and-knee-replacement-surgery-identifying-gaps-in-continuity-of-care
#9
Micaela A Finnegan, Robyn Shaffer, Austin Remington, Jereen Kwong, Catherine Curtin, Tina Hernandez-Boussard
BACKGROUND: Major joint replacement surgical procedures are common, elective procedures with a care episode that includes both inpatient readmissions and postoperative emergency department (ED) visits. Inpatient readmissions are well studied; however, to our knowledge, little is known about ED visits following these procedures. We sought to characterize 30-day ED visits following a major joint replacement surgical procedure. METHODS: We used administrative records from California, Florida, and New York, from 2010 through 2012, to identify adults undergoing total knee and hip arthroplasty...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583822/practice-patterns-for-cholecystectomy-following-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangio-pancreatography-for-patients-with-choledocholithiasis
#10
Robert J Huang, Monique T Barakat, Mohit Girotra, Subhas Banerjee
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Cholecystectomy (CCY) following an episode of choledocholithiasis requiring endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP) with stone extraction reduces recurrent biliary events, compared to expectant management. We studied practice patterns for performance of CCY following ERCP for choledocholithiasis using data from 3 large states and evaluated the effects of delaying CCY. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the ambulatory surgery, inpatient, and emergency department databases from the states of California (years 2009-2011), New York (2011-2013), and Florida (2012-2014)...
June 2, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554211/the-breathmobile-improves-the-asthma-medication-ratio-and-decreases-emergency-department-utilization
#11
Tricia Morphew, Wendy Altamirano, Stanley L Bassin, Stanley P Galant
OBJECTIVES: An Asthma Medication Ratio (AMR) of ≥0.50 has gained recognition as a metric related to improved asthma outcomes. The goals of this study were to evaluate asthma outcomes in relation to this threshold in Hispanic children with high-risk asthma and to compare the effectiveness of the Breathmobile (BM) program with usual care (UC), utilizing the AMR-related emergency department utilization (ED) rate. STUDY DESIGN: Healthcare utilization and prescription claims recorded January 1, 2011, to June 23, 2014, were evaluated pre- versus post year in 164 Medicaid-enrolled children, aged 2 to 18 years, with high-risk persistent asthma (BM group: n = 72; UC group: n = 92)...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550917/emergency-department-utilization-and-predictors-of-mortality-for-inpatient-inguinal-hernia-repairs
#12
Ambar Mehta, Susan Hutfless, Alex B Blair, Anirudh Dwarakanath, Chet I Wyman, Gina Adrales, Hien Tan Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Although inguinal hernias are common surgical diagnoses, minimally symptomatic patients are often not scheduled for repairs and are asked to seek medical attention if they develop symptoms. We investigated factors associated with emergency department (ED) utilization for inguinal hernia repairs and determined whether ED utilization affected mortality for this otherwise electively treated condition. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of the 2009-2013 Nationwide Inpatient Sample to identify patients who presented through the ED and were then admitted for unilateral inguinal hernia repairs...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515272/racial-disparities-in-neurologic-health-care-access-and-utilization-in-the-united-states
#13
Altaf Saadi, David U Himmelstein, Steffie Woolhandler, Nicte I Mejia
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate racial and ethnic differences in the utilization of neurologic care across a wide range of neurologic conditions in the United States. METHODS: We analyzed nationally representative data from the 2006-2013 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS), including information on demographics, patient-reported health conditions, neurology visit rates, and costs. Using diagnostic codes, we identified persons with any self-identified neurologic disorder except back pain, as well as 5 subgroups (Parkinson disease, multiple sclerosis, headache, cerebrovascular disease, and epilepsy)...
June 13, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509687/trust-in-the-medical-profession-among-adolescents-in-an-emergency-department
#14
Kelstan Lynch Ellis, Kimberly Randell, John Lantos, Melissa K Miller
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to assess trust in the medical profession among adolescents in an urban pediatric emergency department (ED) and explore factors associated with trust. METHODS: We used a computerized survey to assess personal trust, perceived trust among family/friends, health care use, general and genital examination preferences, health behaviors, and demographics among youth aged 14 to 19 years. The primary outcome was the mean composite score of a validated 5-item scale...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479192/predictors-of-emergency-department-use-in-children-with-persistent-asthma-in-metropolitan-atlanta-georgia
#15
Jeffery M Franklin, Jocelyn R Grunwell, Alice C Bruce, Robin C Smith, Anne M Fitzpatrick
BACKGROUND: Racial disparities are evident among children with asthma in the United States, with non-Hispanic black children at particularly high risk for poor asthma outcomes, including frequent emergency department (ED) use for asthma exacerbations. OBJECTIVE: To compare asthma features in non-Hispanic black vs white children in Atlanta, Georgia, and determine what clinical features predict future ED use for asthma. METHODS: Self-reported black and white children 6 to 17 years of age with persistent asthma treated with controller medications completed medical history questionnaires, lung function testing, aeroallergen sensitization testing, and venipuncture...
May 4, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453361/trends-in-hospital-utilization-and-costs-among-pediatric-palliative-care-recipients
#16
Prasanna Ananth, Patrice Melvin, Jay G Berry, Joanne Wolfe
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND: Few previous studies have explored how pediatric palliative care (PPC) influences hospital utilization. We evaluated this among PPC recipients in a single center. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 109 patients ≥2 years of age who received PPC consultation at a large quaternary children's hospital from April 2009 to September 2010. We assessed frequencies of hospital admissions and emergency department (ED) visits, use of intensive interventions, and hospital costs...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441242/identifying-undiagnosed-pediatric-mental-illness-in-the-emergency-department
#17
La Vonne A Downey, Leslie S Zun
BACKGROUND: It is well known that pediatric psychiatric patients frequent emergency department (ED), but the number of patients with undiagnosed psychiatric illness presenting to an ED is not well known. Identification and referral of these patients may provide an opportunity for improved patient care. The primary study objective was to identify a tool that can screen for unsuspected psychiatric illness in pediatric patients who present to the ED with non-psychiatric-related complaints...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414675/case-report-of-sarcoidosis-as-a-great-mimicker-in-various-populations
#18
C Bowe, F Jenssen, A Espinoza
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of sarcoidosis varies as much as 1-40 cases per 100,000 depending on region and population. Sarcoid typically occurs in people younger than 50 years old, with a peak incidence with ages between 20 and 40 years old. African Americans are 3 times more likely to develop sarcoidosis than Caucasian Americans, and woman are more likely than men to develop sarcoidosis in any ethnic group; nonetheless, it remains a valid differential across any population. CASE: A 32 year old Hispanic man presented to the Emergency Department with night sweats, fatigue, and 35 pound unintentional weight loss over the last several weeks...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395008/derivation-and-validation-of-a-serum-biomarker-panel-to-identify-infants-with-acute-intracranial-hemorrhage
#19
Rachel Pardes Berger, Brian J Pak, Mariya D Kolesnikova, Janet Fromkin, Richard Saladino, Bruce E Herman, Mary Clyde Pierce, David Englert, Paul T Smith, Patrick M Kochanek
Importance: Abusive head trauma is the leading cause of death from physical abuse. Missing the diagnosis of abusive head trauma, particularly in its mild form, is common and contributes to increased morbidity and mortality. Serum biomarkers may have potential as quantitative point-of-care screening tools to alert physicians to the possibility of intracranial hemorrhage. Objective: To identify and validate a set of biomarkers that could be the basis of a multivariable model to identify intracranial hemorrhage in well-appearing infants using the Ziplex System...
June 5, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393538/racial-ethnic-differences-in-healthcare-use-among-patients-with-uncontrolled-and-controlled-diabetes
#20
Yhenneko J Taylor, Melanie D Spencer, Rohan Mahabaleshwarkar, Thomas Ludden
OBJECTIVES: To examine racial/ethnic differences in healthcare use among patients classified as having controlled and uncontrolled diabetes. DESIGN: Data from the Carolinas HealthCare System electronic data warehouse were used. Glycemic control was defined as glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) < 8% (64 mmol/mol) in 2012 (n = 9996). Patients with HbA1c ≥ 8% (64 mmol/mol) in 2012 were classified as uncontrolled (n = 2576). Race and ethnicity were jointly classified as non-Hispanic Black, non-Hispanic White or Other...
April 10, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
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