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Mahmoud I Ibrahim, Robert A Donatelli, Madeleine Hellman, Ahmed Z Hussein, John P Furia, Christoph Schmitz
Numerous randomized controlled trials (RCTs) demonstrated efficacy and safety of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) for chronic plantar fasciopathy (cPF). However, only two such RCTs investigated a follow-up period of more than 1 year, both applying focused ESWT. Corresponding data for radial ESWT (rESWT) have not yet been reported. We therefore tested the hypothesis that rESWT is effective and safe for the management of cPF with long-term follow-up of 2 years. To this end n = 50 patients with cPF were randomly allocated to either two sessions of rESWT (one session per week; 2,000 shock waves with energy flux density of 0...
August 27, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Nikos Malliaropoulos, Georgina Crate, Maria Meke, Vasileios Korakakis, Tanja Nauck, Heinz Lohrer, Nat Padhiar
Background and Aims. The exploration of an individualised protocol of radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (rESWT) for plantar fasciopathy, assessing success rates and the recurrence rate over a 1-year period after treatment, is not yet identified in literature. Methods and Results. Between 2006 and 2013, 68 patients (78 heels) were assessed for plantar fasciopathy. An individualised rESWT treatment protocol was applied and retrospectively analysed. Heels were analysed for mean number of shock wave impulses, mean pressure, and mean frequency applied...
2016: BioMed Research International
Sung Hwan Kim, Kang Wook Ha, Yun Hee Kim, Pyong-Hwa Seol, Ho-Jun Kwak, Seung-Wan Park, Byung-Ju Ryu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (rESWT) on hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP) syndrome. METHODS: In this monocentric, randomized, patient-assessor blinded, placebo-controlled trial, patients with HSP were randomly divided into the rESWT (n=17) and control (n=17) groups. Treatment was administered four times a week for 2 weeks. The visual analogue scale (VAS) score and Constant-Murley score (CS) were assessed before and after treatment, and at 2 and 4 weeks...
June 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Tsung-Hsun Yang, Yu-Chi Huang, Yiu-Chung Lau, Lin-Yi Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (rESWT) and to determine the posttreatment common extensor tendon stiffness among patients with lateral epicondylosis. DESIGN: Thirty patients with lateral epicondylosis were randomly divided into experimental and control groups. Participants in the experimental group received rESWT plus physical therapy, and those in the control group received sham shock wave plus physical therapy for 3 weeks...
June 17, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Tiantian Wang, Lin Du, Ling Shan, Hanyu Dong, Junyan Feng, Maren C Kiessling, Nicholas B Angstman, Christoph Schmitz, Feiyong Jia
To assess the effects of radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (rESWT) on plantar flexor muscle spasticity and gross motor function in very young patients with cerebral palsy (CP).The design was case-control study (level of evidence 3).The setting was the Department of Pediatric Neurology and Neurorehabilitation, First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China.Those with a diagnosis of CP and spastic plantar flexor muscles were recruited between April 2014 and April 2015.According to the parents' decision, patients received 1 ESWT session per week for 3 months, with 1500 radial shock waves per ESWT session and leg with positive energy flux density of 0...
May 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Tsung-Ying Li, Chih-Ya Chang, Yu-Ching Chou, Liang-Cheng Chen, Heng-Yi Chu, Shang-Lin Chiang, Shin-Tsu Chang, Yung-Tsan Wu
Recently, studies have reported that extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) is a safe, noninvasive, alternative treatment for spasticity. However, the effect of ESWT on spasticity cannot be determined, because most studies to date have enrolled small patient numbers and have lacked placebo-controlled groups and/or long-term follow-up. In addition, whether varying the number of ESWT sessions would affect the duration of the therapeutic effect has not been investigated in a single study. Hence, we performed a prospective, randomized, single blind, placebo-controlled study to investigate the long-term effect of radial ESWT (rESWT) in patients with poststroke spasticity and surveyed the outcome of functional activity...
May 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Hojjat Radinmehr, Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Soofia Naghdi, Gholamreza Olyaei, Azadeh Tabatabaei
Purpose To examine the effects of radial extracorporeal shockwave therapy (rESWT) on plantarflexor spasticity after stroke. Method Twelve patients with stroke were randomly included for this prospective, single-blind clinical trial. Patients received one rESWT session (0.340 mJ/mm(2), 2000 shots) on plantarflexor muscle. The Modified Modified Ashworth Scale (MMAS), H-reflex tests, ankle range of motion (ROM), passive plantarflexor torque (PPFT) and timed up and go test (TUG) were measured at baseline (T0), immediately after treatment (T1) and one hour after the end of the treatment (T2)...
March 13, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Yung-Tsan Wu, Ming-Jen Ke, Yu-Ching Chou, Chih-Ya Chang, Ching-Yueh Lin, Tsung-Ying Li, Feng-Mei Shih, Liang-Cheng Chen
Three recent studies demonstrated the positive effect of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) for treating carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). However, none have entirely proved the effects of ESWT on CTS because all studies had a small sample size and lacked a placebo-controlled design. Moreover, radial ESWT (rESWT) has not been used to treat CTS. We conducted a prospective randomized, controlled, double-blinded study to assess the effect of rESWT for treating CTS. Thirty-four enrolled patients (40 wrists) were randomized into intervention and control groups (20 wrists in each)...
June 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Nalan Capan, Sina Esmaeilzadeh, Aydan Oral, Ceyhun Basoglu, Ayse Karan, Dilsad Sindel
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (rESWT) on pain, function, and grip strength in the treatment of patients with lateral epicondylitis unresponsive to previous treatments. DESIGN: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in outpatient clinics in a medical faculty hospital. Fifty-six patients with lateral epicondylitis were randomized to rESWT (n = 28) or sham rESWT (n = 28) groups...
July 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Nikolaus B M Császár, Nicholas B Angstman, Stefan Milz, Christoph M Sprecher, Philippe Kobel, Mohamed Farhat, John P Furia, Christoph Schmitz
BACKGROUND: Conflicting reports in the literature have raised the question whether radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (rESWT) devices and vibrating massage devices have similar energy signatures and, hence, cause similar bioeffects in treated tissues. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We used laser fiber optic probe hydrophone (FOPH) measurements, high-speed imaging and x-ray film analysis to compare fundamental elements of the energy signatures of two rESWT devices (Swiss DolorClast; Electro Medical Systems, Nyon, Switzerland; D-Actor 200; Storz Medical, Tägerwillen, Switzerland) and a vibrating massage device (Vibracare; G5/General Physiotherapy, Inc...
2015: PloS One
Elisabeth Kvalvaag, Jens Ivar Brox, Kaia Beck Engebretsen, Helene Lundgaard Søberg, Erik Bautz-Holter, Cecilie Røe
BACKGROUND: Subacromial shoulder pain is a common complaint. Radial Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (rESWT) has being increasingly used to treat calcific and non-calcific tendinosis, although there is no evidence of the effectiveness of rESWT in non-calcific tendinosis of the rotator cuff. A randomised single blind study showed that the short-term effect of supervised exercises (SE) was significantly better than rESWT on subacromial shoulder pain, but both groups improved. In a clinical trial on achilles tendinopathy rESWT improved the effectiveness of treatment with eccentric loading...
2015: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Nipaporn Konjen, Tapakorn Napnark, Siriporn Janchai
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness ofradial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (rSWET) and ultrasound therapy (US) in the treatment of chronic plantar fasciitis. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Thirty patients who were diagnosed with plantar fasciitis for at least 3 months and who had not responded to other forms of conservative treatment were recruited for this study...
January 2015: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
Maren C Kiessling, Stefan Milz, Hans-Georg Frank, Rüdiger Korbel, Christoph Schmitz
Radial extracorporeal shock wave treatment (rESWT) has became one of the best investigated treatment modalities for cellulite, including the abdomen as a treatment site. Notably, pregnancy is considered a contraindication for rESWT, and concerns have been raised about possible harm to the embryo when a woman treated with rESWT for cellulite is not aware of her pregnancy. Here we tested the hypothesis that rESWT may cause serious physical harm to embryos. To this end, chicken embryos were exposed in ovo to various doses of radial shock waves on either day 3 or day 4 of development, resembling the developmental stage of four- to six-week-old human embryos...
2015: Scientific Reports
Utku Nacak, Mert Calis, Pergin Atilla, Alp Cetin, Ali Emre Aksu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to test our hypothesis that preoperative application of radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (rESWT) as a delay procedure would improve the survival of zone 4 of transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) flap and reduce the resulting necrotic area. METHODS: Twenty-four Wistar rats were randomized and divided into 3 experimental groups (n = 8 each). Caudally based TRAM flap model, with the right rectus abdominis muscle as the carrier and right inferior epigastric vessels as the vascular pedicle, was used in this study...
August 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Yong Wook Kim, Ji Cheol Shin, Jeong-Gyu Yoon, Yong-Kyun Kim, Sang Chul Lee
BACKGROUND: There are not many studies about treatment of shoulder spasticity. Although botulinum toxin injection has been reported to be effective for shoulder spasticity, the effectiveness was judged by pain and limited motion change, but not the spasticity itself. Shoulder spasticity is considered to play an important role in hemiplegic frozen shoulder. However, the subscapularis muscle, unlike the pectoralis major muscle, is located deep beneath scapula, where conventional injection is difficult to perform...
2013: Chinese Medical Journal
A Kolk, K G Auw Yang, R Tamminga, H van der Hoeven
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of radial extracorporeal shock-wave therapy (rESWT) on patients with chronic tendinitis of the rotator cuff. This was a randomised controlled trial in which 82 patients (mean age 47 years (24 to 67)) with chronic tendinitis diagnosed clinically were randomly allocated to a treatment group who received low-dose rESWT (three sessions at an interval 10 to 14 days, 2000 pulses, 0.11 mJ/mm(2), 8 Hz) or to a placebo group, with a follow-up of six months. The patients and the treating orthopaedic surgeon, who were both blinded to the treatment, evaluated the results...
November 2013: Bone & Joint Journal
Hans Gollwitzer, Timo Gloeck, Michaela Roessner, Rupert Langer, Carsten Horn, Ludger Gerdesmeyer, Peter Diehl
The aim of this study was to investigate if radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (rESWT) induces new bone formation and to study the time course of ESWT-induced osteogenesis. A total of 4000 impulses of radial shock waves (0.16 mJ/mm²) were applied to one hind leg of 13 New Zealand white rabbits with the contralateral side used for control. Treatment was repeated after 7 days. Fluorochrome sequence labeling of new bone formation was performed by subcutaneous injection of tetracycline, calcein green, alizarin red and calcein blue...
January 2013: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Giuseppe Mangone, Altin Veliaj, Marco Postiglione, Tamara Viliani, Pietro Pasquetti
The objective of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of Radial Extracorporeal Shock-wave Therapy (RESWT) compared with High Power LASER Therapy (HPLT) for the treatment of patients with Rotator Cuff Calcific Tendinosis (RCCT). RCCT is widely diffused, it is painful and invalidating. It is an important public health problem with social and economic implications. The most common therapeutic approach is a physiotherapic one. Both HPLT and RESWT give positive results. There is a debate on which is to be preferred...
May 2010: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
Shuitao Liu, Lei Zhai, Zhan Shi, Rufang Jing, Bin Zhao, Gengyan Xing
Long bicipital tenosynovitis is regarded as one of the common causes of shoulder pain and dysfunction. The traditional therapeutic approach includes a variety of conservative treatments, but these treatments are not substantiated, owing to the lack of proven clinical efficacy. Radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (rESWT) uses a pneumatically generated and radially propagating low-energy pressure pulse and has been clinically shown to be a new alternative form of treating refractory soft tissue inflammation...
May 2012: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Xavier Vidal, Antonio Morral, Lluís Costa, Miriam Tur
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (rESWT) in the treatment of spasticity in patients with cerebral palsy. METHODS: Fifteen patients with spastic cerebral palsy, 12 men and 3 women, aged 10-46 years (mean age 31). The 15 patients presented 40 spastic muscles that were divided in three groups using a computerized random-number generator. The first group, received rESWT in spastic muscle. The second group received rESWT in spastic muscle + rESWT in antagonist muscle...
2011: NeuroRehabilitation
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