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Chikara Shiiku, Yoichi Kikuchi, Yoshiaki Atsuta, Yuri Yoshida, Fumiaki Kimura
Cardiac lipoma is a rare benign tumor. A 42-year-old male was referred to our hospital to undergo thorough examination and treatment of a space-occupying right atrial lesion, detected incidentally by chest computed tomography(CT). After admission, it was diagnosed as cardiac lipoma by echocardiography, CT, and magnetic resonance imaging. We resected the tumor under cardiopulmonary bypass and reconstructed the right atrium using a bovine pericardial patch. The histopathological examination reveaed that the tumor was lipoma...
March 2015: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Masahiko Kuinose
Recently, the concept of minimally invasive surgery has been expanding in cardiothoracic surgery. Minimally invasive cadiac surgery( MICS) is characterized by the avoidance of full sternotomy and minimizing of surgical incision. The advantages of this approach include less postoperative discomfort and earlier mobilization and discharge. Since port-access cardiac surgery for atrial septal defect was performed in March 2005, we have improved the devices and procedure and actively applied port-access surgery to mitral valve disorders and various cardiac diseases...
January 2015: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Chuan Li, Xiangchen Dai, Tong Liu, Pengzhi Wang
OBJECTIVE: To study the suppressive effect of indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase on transplantation rejection in mice heterotopic cardiac transplantation. METHODS: Adenovirus vector containing IDO gene was used to infect donor (C57BL/6) DC to obtain IDO(+)DC. Mouse heterotopic cardiac transplantation models were established (C57BL/6-BALB/c) and the following groups were set up, including the control group, DC injection group, TC injection group, IDO(+)DC injection group and co-injection group of IDO(+)DC and TC, 12 donors and 12 recipients in each group...
January 2014: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Franz Riederer
Recently an association between migraine and cardiac shunts (e.g. through a patent foramen ovale, PFO) has been described. There is evidence from mostly retrospective case series that PFO closure can significantly improve migraine. On the other hand an increase in attack frequency or de novo migraine after percutaneous closure of an atrial septal defect has been described. Animal experiments showed that microemboli in the cerebral circulation can trigger a cortical spreading depression, which is believed the pathophysiological substrate of migraine aura...
October 17, 2012: Praxis
Xue-Qin Zhai, Hao Liu, Xiao-Feng Wang
OBJECTIVE: To study the correlation between the Chinese medicine (CM) syndrome types of the Uighur and Han people and levels of blood lipids and fibrinogen in premature coronary heart disease (PCHD) patients. METHODS: Recruited were 196 Uighur and 189 Han patients with PCHD first confirmed by coronary angiography at the Heart Center of First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University and Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital Affiliated to Xinjiang Medical University...
April 2012: Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine
Mahin Golabi, Aaron W James, Nina Desai, Katherine Culver, Philip D Cotter
Gardner-Silengo-Wachtel or genito-palato-cardiac syndrome is a disorder of male (46,XY) gonadal dysgenesis, thought to be either an X-linked recessive or an autosomal recessive disorder. The propositus in our report presented with multiple congenital anomalies including micrognathia, cleft palate, congenital heart defect with D-transposition, double outlet right ventricle, PFO, VSD, PDA and pulmonary valve stenosis and gonadal dysgenesis. Chromosome analysis showed a 46, XY, t(1;7)(q32,q22.1) der(10) t(3;10) (q21;q26)pat karyotype...
February 15, 2009: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Zhongmin Li, Khung Keong Yeo, Joseph P Parker, Geeta Mahendra, J Nilas Young, Ezra A Amsterdam
BACKGROUND: The impact of off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery (OPCAB) on operative mortality compared to conventional coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CCB) has not been clarified. METHOD: Patient clinical characteristics were compared between OPCAB and CCB for isolated CABG surgeries in 2003 to 2005 using data from the California CABG outcomes reporting program. A propensity score method and logistic regression models were used to compute propensity-adjusted operative mortality for patients undergoing OPCAB or CCB...
December 2008: American Heart Journal
Janaína Andréa Altemar Gonçalves, Jorge Eduardo Amorim, Milton Macedo Soares Neto, Artur Beltrame Ribeiro, Valter Correa Lima
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of percutaneous renal revascularization with stenting to control hypertension and preserve/restore renal function in patients with atherosclerotic renovascular disease. METHODS: From May/1999 to October/2003, 46 patients with atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS) underwent revascularization with stenting. The indication for the procedure was hypertension control and/or renal function preservation/restoration. Clinical characteristics: age range: 33-84 years (median = 58...
January 2007: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Yan Xu
This paper introduces the latest developments of the monitoring techniques for electroencephalogram (EEG) bispectral index (BIS), pulse indicator continuous cadiac output (PiCCO), entropy index (ENTROPY), internal organs blood stream perfusion (TONO), neuromuscular transmission (NMT) and spirometry, and their clinical applications.
November 2006: Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation
Jörg M Fegert, Johannes Hebebrand et al.
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2006: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
S Mukaddam-Daher, A Menaouar, R El-Ayoubi, J Gutkowska, M Jankowski, R A Velliquette, P Ernsberger
Moxonidine, an imidazoline receptor agonist that acts centrally to inhibit sympathetic activity, has been shown to reduce effectively blood pressure, fasting insulin levels, and free fatty acids. In this study, we investigated the long-term effects of moxonidine treatment on cardiac natriuretic peptides (ANP and BNP) in Spontaneously Hypertensive Obese Rats (SHROBs), a rat model that resembles human Syndrome X. SHROBs expressing spontaneous hypertension, insulin resistance, and genetic obesity (weight 590 +/- 20 g, at 30 weeks) received moxonidine in chow at 4 mg/kg/day for 15 days...
December 2003: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Qun Zheng, Wei-zhan Wang, Ying-xuan Zhang, Lan Wang, Ling-jun Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of serum cardiac troponin T (cTnT) in diagnosing earlier acute non-Q-wave myocardial infarction (NQMI) and judging the prognosis. METHODS: Seventy-four NQMI patients and 118 Q-wave myocardial infarction (QMI) patients were studied. Serum cTnT and MB isoenzyme of creatine kinase (CK-MB) levels were monitored on fixed time. On the 15th day of hospitalization, 99 mTc-MIBI myocardial single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) was performed to assess the infarct size index...
March 2004: Zhongguo Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue, Chinese Critical Care Medicine, Zhongguo Weizhongbing Jijiuyixue
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1965: Current Medicine and Drugs
J F Sánchez Muñoz-Torrero, J M Saponi Cortés, C Ortiz Descante, I Ojeda García Escribano, T Sánchez Sánchez, F Pérez Reyes, C Martín Ruiz, A Costo Campoamor
INTRODUCTION: Despite the recommendations to vaccinate annually against the flu to all the elderly and people with various chronic diseases, these recommendations are not comon to fulfill. In this case-control study performed in the service of Internal Medicine of the Hospital of Cáceres we have analyzed the degree of utilization of the flu vaccination in the season 2000/2001 in patients over 65 years of age with high-risk chronic diseases, as well as the effectiveness of this vaccination to avoid the hospitalization induced by cardiorespiratory decompensation, in order to reduce the number of consultations to the primary care physician and in order to reduce the issue of days of hospitalization...
August 2003: Revista Clínica Española
Mauro Feola, Alberto Biggi, Flavio Ribichini, Alba Rovere, Antonello Vado, Gianfranco Camuzzini, Eugenio Uslenghi
BACKGROUND: Renal transplant recipients should be screened for coronary artery disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of thallium-201 dipyridamole myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) to predict major cardiac events in these patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighty-two consecutive patients (61 males) in hemodialysis (HD) treatment, awaiting renal transplantation, underwent dipyridamole Tl-201 SPECT for pretransplant risk stratification...
January 2002: Journal of Nephrology
K Boström, L L Demer
Vascular calcification is increasingly recognized as a significant contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality as well as a biologically regulated process potentially subject to prevention and reversal. Both coronary and aortic calcification are common and influence plaque rupture, angioplasty and surgical complications, and compensatory enlargement. Aortic calcification increases aortic rigidity and contributes to cadiac ischemia, left ventricular hypertrophy, heart failure, and stroke. Calcification is also common in aortic valve leaflets further compounding adverse hemodynamic effects...
2000: Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
B M Mayosi, J A Volmink, P J Commerford
BACKGROUND: Tuberculous (TB) pericarditis is becoming more common. The infection can result in fluid around the heart, which can be fatal. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate evidence from trials about the effects of medical and surgical treatments for TB pericarditis on death and life-threatening conditions. SEARCH STRATEGY: The Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group trials register, the Cochrane controlled trials register, Medline, Embase and reference lists of articles; contact with experts in the field...
2000: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Németh, Varró, Virág, &Hacute;la, Thormählen, Papp
BACKGROUND: Tedisamil is a potent bradycardiac/antiischemic drug known to lengthen cadiac repolarization by blocking various potassium channels. Recent in vivo experiments revealed that it is an antiarrhythmic agent. It was therefore of interest to compare the cellular electrophysiologic effects of tedisamil with those of quinidine and sotalol in isolated cardiac preparations. METHODS AND RESULTS: The conventional microelectrode technique was applied in isolated dog cardiac Purkinje and ventricular muscle fibers and in rabbit left atrial muscle...
October 1997: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
K S Dai, C C Liew
Three hundred and sixty expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from human heart cDNA libraries corresponding to one hundred and twenty six unique zinc finger proteins (ZFPs) were annotated and classified into seven types of ZFPs as reported previously. Among these 126 cvbZFPs (cardiovascular-based ZFPs), the C(2)H(2)-type and the C(2)C(2)-type are the two major ZFP types which account for more than 80% of ZFP genes present in the cardiovascular system. The expression patterns of 11 randomly selected ZFP genes (at least one for each type) in normal fetal, adult and hypertrophic adult hearts, respectively, were determined using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis...
September 1999: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Y Zhang, X Du, L Chen
To summarize our experience on the handling of postoperative complications of esophagogastrostomy by elastic circular ligation (IECL), 176 patients with esophageal or cadiac carcinoma underwent esophagogastrostomy by IECL with absorbable supporting tubes were reviewed. There were 7 cases of postoperative complications with an incidence of 3.97%. Of which, anastomotic leakage in 3 patients, recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis in one and chylothorax in one were cured by conservative measures; one patient with hiatus hernia was treated by reoperation, and another patient died of right tension pneumothorax...
November 1996: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
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