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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163096/tai-chi-chuan-and-baduanjin-mind-body-training-changes-resting-state-low-frequency-fluctuations-in-the-frontal-lobe-of-older-adults-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#1
Jing Tao, Xiangli Chen, Jiao Liu, Natalia Egorova, Xiehua Xue, Weilin Liu, Guohua Zheng, Ming Li, Jinsong Wu, Kun Hu, Zengjian Wang, Lidian Chen, Jian Kong
Age-related cognitive decline is a significant public health concern. Recently, non-pharmacological methods, such as physical activity and mental training practices, have emerged as promising low-cost methods to slow the progression of age-related memory decline. In this study, we investigated if Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) and Baduanjin modulated the fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (fALFF) in different frequency bands (low-frequency: 0.01-0.08 Hz; slow-5: 0.01-0.027 Hz; slow-4: 0.027-0.073 Hz) and improved memory function...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118732/editorial-brain-mind-body-practice-and-health
#2
EDITORIAL
Gao-Xia Wei, Gangyan Si, Yi-Yuan Tang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118218/consciousness-regained-disentangling-mechanisms-brain-systems-and-behavioral-responses
#3
Johan F Storm, Mélanie Boly, Adenauer G Casali, Marcello Massimini, Umberto Olcese, Cyriel M A Pennartz, Melanie Wilke
How consciousness (experience) arises from and relates to material brain processes (the "mind-body problem") has been pondered by thinkers for centuries, and is regarded as among the deepest unsolved problems in science, with wide-ranging theoretical, clinical, and ethical implications. Until the last few decades, this was largely seen as a philosophical topic, but not widely accepted in mainstream neuroscience. Since the 1980s, however, novel methods and theoretical advances have yielded remarkable results, opening up the field for scientific and clinical progress...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117023/legal-evidence-of-subjective-states-a-brain-based-model-of-chronic-pain-increases-accuracy-and-fairness-in-law
#4
Amanda C Pustilnik
Advances in structural and functional neuroimaging offer new ways to conceptualize chronic pain disorders and to prevent, diagnose, and treat chronic pain. Advances in pain science, though, do not entail changes in the concepts of chronic pain in law and culture. Authoritative legal and cultural conceptions of chronic pain continue to promote abstruse theories, characterizing these disorders as arising out of everything from a person's unmet need for love to resistance to "patriarchy." These constructs have consequences, impeding treatment and affecting whether individuals with chronic pain can obtain legal redress...
November 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109062/dural-penetration-of-cavernous-hemangioma-on-skull-an-uncommon-clinical-presentation
#5
Hyun-Seung Ryu, Kyung-Sub Moon, Kyung-Hwa Lee, In-Young Kim, Shin Jung
Cavernous hemangioma (CH) of bone is a rare, benign neoplasm and usually found in the vertebral body. This tumor rarely develops in the calvaria, with predilection to occur in the frontal and temporo-parietal bones. A 56-year-old man with a right frontal palpable mass was admitted to our hospital. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a large extra-axial tumor in right frontal bone. Intraoperatively, the bony mass involved the multilayers composed of extracranium-skull-dura-intradura-cortex. Pathological examination revealed a typical calvarial CH penetrating dura mater...
November 3, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092842/positive-brands-for-brain-mind-and-body
#6
EDITORIAL
Kamaldeep Bhui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994478/treatment-of-developmental-stress-disorder-mind-body-and-brain-analysis-and-pharmacology-coupled
#7
Joseph McFadden
The schism between psychiatry, psychology and analysis, while long present, has widened even more in the past half-century with the advances in psychopharmacology. With the advances in electronic brain imaging, particularly in developmental and post-traumatic stress disorders, there has emerged both an understanding of brain changes resulting from severe, chronic stress and an ability to target brain chemistry in ways that can relieve clinical symptomatology. The use of alpha-1 adrenergic brain receptor antagonists decreases many of the manifestations of PTSD...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994385/-physical-rehabilitation-train-the-brain
#8
Bruno Bonnechère
Since centuries, scientists, clinicians and philosophers have been debating about the interactions between the body and the mind. Researches and advances in neurophysiology over the last decades have challenged many principles and theories, mainly based on empirical observations, generally well accepted in clinical practice. These new findings, achieved through functional "magnetic resonance imaging", awake brain surgery and allow new techniques and opportunities in physical rehabilitation. More than ever the body and the brain must be considered and treated as a functional entity, the distinction between body and soul developed by Platon should no longer be applied...
October 2017: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986207/the-role-of-the-temporoparietal-junction-tpj-in-action-observation-agent-detection-rather-than-visuospatial-transformation
#9
Moritz F Wurm, Ricarda I Schubotz
Recognizing and understanding the actions of others is usually coupled with perceiving someone else's body movements from a third person perspective (3pp) whereas we perceive our own actions from a first person perspective (1pp). From a neural viewpoint, a recent finding is that perceiving actions from a 3pp as compared to a 1pp activates the temporoparietal junction, a brain region associated with visuospatial transformation and perspective taking but also with mental state inference and Theory of Mind (ToM)...
October 3, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983518/evidence-for-a-large-scale-brain-system-supporting-allostasis-and-interoception-in-humans
#10
Ian R Kleckner, Jiahe Zhang, Alexandra Touroutoglou, Lorena Chanes, Chenjie Xia, W Kyle Simmons, Karen S Quigley, Bradford C Dickerson, Lisa Feldman Barrett
Large-scale intrinsic brain systems have been identified for exteroceptive senses (e.g., sight, hearing, touch). We introduce an analogous system for representing sensations from within the body, called interoception, and demonstrate its relation to regulating peripheral systems in the body, called allostasis. Employing the recently introduced Embodied Predictive Interoception Coding (EPIC) model, we used tract-tracing studies of macaque monkeys, followed by two intrinsic functional magnetic resonance imaging samples (N = 280 and N = 270) to evaluate the existence of an intrinsic allostatic/interoceptive system in the human brain...
2017: Nature Human Behaviour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982039/whorling-sclerosing-meningioma-a-review-on-the-histological-features-of-a-rare-tumor-including-an-illustrative-case
#11
REVIEW
İlhan Elmaci, Meric Adil Altinoz, Aydin Sav, Fatih Han Bolükbaşı, Mustafa Önöz, Özdil Başkan, Ramazan Sari
Whorling-Sclerosing variant of meningioma (WSM) is a very rare variant of meningioma and only 28 cases were previously reported in the English medical literature. The term "whorling" describes different morphological features including psammoma bodies formed by precipitated calcium or by layered whorling sheets of tumor cells in meningothelial meningiomas. In WSM, the sclerosing structures are formed by typical paucicellular or acellular collagen whorls which form the majority of tumor volume. Hence, diagnosis of these tumors is based more often on morphological and histochemical features rather than on immunohistochemical findings...
November 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971360/respond-don-t-react-the-influence-of-mindfulness-training-on-performance-monitoring-in-older-adults
#12
Colette M Smart, Sidney J Segalowitz
A sizeable body of literature demonstrates positive effects of mindfulness training on brain, behavior, and psychological processes in both novice and expert practitioners as compared to non-meditators. However, only more recently has research begun to examine the specific mechanisms by which mindfulness exerts these effects. In the current study, we used event-related potentials (error-related negativity (ERN), error positivity (Pe)) to test the hypothesis that performance monitoring is one such mechanism...
October 2, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970107/neural-network-integration-during-the-perception-of-in-group-and-out-group-members
#13
Inez M Greven, Richard Ramsey
Group biases guide social interactions by promoting in-group favouritism, but the neural mechanisms underpinning group biases remain unclear. While neuroscience research has shown that distributed brain circuits are associated with seeing in-group and out-group members as "us" and "them", it is less clear how these networks exchange signals. This fMRI study uses functional connectivity analyses to investigate the contribution of functional integration to group bias modulation of person perception. Participants were assigned to an arbitrary group and during scanning they observed bodies of in-group or out-group members that cued the recall of positive or negative social knowledge...
September 29, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953824/charity-hospitality-and-the-human-person
#14
Mark Agius, Anna McKeever
We believe that in order to properly interpret all aspects of human scientific enquiry in terms of its impact on human beings it is necessary to have an adequate all encompassing model of the human person. We began this presentation by discussing the differences between the 'Cartesian' Dualistic model of the human Person and that of Aquinas and Augustine (which depend on Aristotle and Plato respectively). While the 'Cartesian' describes a completely separate 'soul' or 'mind' from the physical body, the Thomistic model of the Human Person is that of an Embodied Spirit, in which every aspect of the human spirit is reflected in an aspect or function of the physical body...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874921/functional-medicine-approach-to-traumatic-brain-injury
#15
Alice C Richer
Background: The U.S. military has seen dramatic increases in traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) among military personnel due to the nature of modern-day conflicts. Conventional TBI treatment for secondary brain injuries has suboptimal success rates, and patients, families, and healthcare professionals are increasingly turning to alternative medicine treatments. Objective: Effective treatments for the secondary injury cascades that occur after an initial brain trauma are unclear at this time. The goal of successful treatment options for secondary TBI injuries is to reduce oxidative stress, excitotoxicity, and inflammation while supporting mitochondrial functions and repair of membranes, synapses, and axons...
August 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870419/healthy-body-healthy-mind-a-mixed-methods-study-of-outcomes-barriers-and-supports-for-exercise-by-people-who-have-chronic-moderate-to-severe-acquired-brain-injury
#16
Laura S Lorenz, Ann L Charrette, Therese M O'Neil-Pirozzi, Julia M Doucett, Jeffrey Fong
BACKGROUND: Few people with chronic moderate-to-severe brain injury are following recommended physical activity guidelines. OBJECTIVE: Investigate effects of planned, systematic physical activity while cultivating social and emotional well-being of people with chronic moderate-to-severe brain injury. HYPOTHESIS: Moderate-to-intensive physical activity would be associated with improvements in impairment and activity limitation measures (endurance, mobility, gait speed) immediately post-intervention and six weeks later (study week 12)...
August 24, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845765/role-of-green-tea-flavonoids-and-other-related-contents-in-cancer-prevention
#17
REVIEW
Muhammad Imran Qadir
Green tea is made from Camellia sinensis and leaves through the oxidation process. It mainly originates in China and has been used traditionally throughout Asia. In the West, black tea has been used mostly, but green tea has become the most popular beverage throughout the world. It is also used as a raw material in cosmetics, health foods, and as an added ingredient in various beverages. Different varieties of green tea are available. The main differences between the varieties are due to harvesting time, production procedures, and horticulture...
2017: Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845441/temporal-and-spatial-context-in-the-mind-and-brain
#18
Marc W Howard
Theories of episodic memory have long hypothesized that recollection of a specific instance from one's life is mediated by recovery of a neural state of spatiotemporal context. This paper reviews recent theoretical advances in formal models of spatiotemporal context and a growing body of neurophysiological evidence from human imaging studies and animal work that neural populations in the hippocampus and other brain regions support a representation of spatiotemporal context.
October 2017: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840198/biobehavioral-mechanisms-of-mindfulness-as-a-treatment-for-chronic-stress-an-rdoc-perspective
#19
Eric L Garland, Adam W Hanley, Anne K Baker, Matthew O Howard
Mindfulness-based interventions have been heralded as promising means of alleviating chronic stress. While meta-analyses indicate that mindfulness-based interventions significantly reduce global measures of stress, how mindfulness-based interventions modulate the specific mechanisms underpinning chronic stress as operationalized by the National Institute of Mental Health research domain criteria (RDoC) of sustained threat has not yet been detailed in the literature. To address this knowledge gap, this article aims to (1) review evidence that mindfulness-based interventions ameliorate each of the 10 elements of behavioral dysregulation characterizing sustained threat via an array of mindful counter-regulatory strategies; (2) review evidence that mindfulness-based interventions modify biological domains implicated in sustained threat, such as the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, as well as brain circuits involved in attentional function, limbic reactivity, habit behavior, and the default mode network; and (3) integrate these findings into a novel conceptual framework of mindful self-regulation in the face of stress-the Mindfulness-to-Meaning Theory...
February 2017: Chronic stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835999/glucocerebrosidase-expression-patterns-in-the-non-human-primate-brain
#20
Iria G Dopeso-Reyes, Diego Sucunza, Alberto J Rico, Diego Pignataro, David Marín-Ramos, Elvira Roda, Ana I Rodríguez-Pérez, José L Labandeira-García, José L Lanciego
Glucocerebrosidase (GCase) is a lysosomal enzyme encoded by the GBA1 gene. Mutations in GBA1 gene lead to Gaucher's disease, the most prevalent lysosomal storage disorder. GBA1 mutations reduce GCase activity, therefore promoting the aggregation of alpha-synuclein, a common neuropathological finding underlying Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies. However, it is also worth noting that a direct link between GBA1 mutations and alpha-synuclein aggregation indicating cause and effect is still lacking, with limited experimental evidence to date...
August 23, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
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