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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627347/-clinical-effect-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-therapy-including-respiratory-exercise-and-vibration-expectoration-on-patients-with-pulmonary-infection-after-abdominal-surgery
#1
Zhou Zhou, Xiaotong Han, Fengling Ning, Hui Wen, Maiying Fan, Xia Yuan, Jieying Luo, Yi Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effect of pulmonary rehabilitation therapy including respiratory exercise and vibration expectoration on patients with pulmonary infection after abdominal surgery. METHODS: A retrospective case control study was conducted. Seventy-six patients with pulmonary infection after abdominal surgery admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Hunan Normal University from September 2015 to September 2016 were enrolled. According to whether accept the pulmonary rehabilitation therapy or not, the patients were divided into two groups...
March 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625881/effects-of-exposure-to-biomass-burning-on-pulmonary-inflammatory-markers-and-pulmonary-function-in-individuals-with-copd
#2
D Ramos, M Proença, M R Leite, A D Ferreira, I B Trevisan, G F S Brígida, G Y Tacao, E M C Ramos
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has many benefits for individuals with COPD. However, it is not clear whether PR could prevent the hazards of air pollution exposure. This study aimed to analyze the effects of biomass burning exposure on pulmonary inflammatory markers and pulmonary function in individuals with COPD, participants and non-participants of PR. METHODS: 35 subjects were divided into three groups: individuals with COPD who received PR (G1, n=15), those who did not (G2, n=10), and a control group composed of healthy individuals without COPD (CG, n=10)...
June 15, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608135/can-proportional-ventilation-modes-facilitate-exercise-in-critically-ill-patients-a-physiological-cross-over-study-pressure-support-versus-proportional-ventilation-during-lower-limb-exercise-in-ventilated-critically-ill-patients
#3
Evangelia Akoumianaki, Nicolas Dousse, Aissam Lyazidi, Jean-Claude Lefebvre, Severine Graf, Ricardo Luiz Cordioli, Nathalie Rey, Jean-Christophe Marie Richard, Laurent Brochard
BACKGROUND: Early exercise of critically ill patients may have beneficial effects on muscle strength, mass and systemic inflammation. During pressure support ventilation (PSV), a mismatch between demand and assist could increase work of breathing and limit exercise. A better exercise tolerance is possible with a proportional mode of ventilation (Proportional Assist Ventilation, PAV+ and Neurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist, NAVA). We examined whether, in critically ill patients, PSV and proportional ventilation have different effects on respiratory muscles unloading and work efficiency during exercise...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582937/the-impact-of-breathing-pattern-and-rate-on-inspiratory-muscles-activity
#4
Anat Ratnovsky, Omri Gino, Sara Naftali
Different rehabilitation programs are used to relieve dyspnea for hyper-inflated lung patients. In this study, a new approach, based on integrated changes in respiratory rate and pattern, for inspiratory muscles rehabilitation and training was examined utilizing noninvasive measurements of the two inspiratory muscles (rib cage inspiratory and neck inspiratory muscles) activity during controlled breathing in healthy subjects. Muscles activity was measured using electromyography, while subjects, breathed at different combinations of respiratory rate (6, 10, 16 breath per minutes) and inspiratory duty cycles (TI/Ttot)...
May 19, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553367/a-novel-remote-rehabilitation-system-with-the-fusion-of-noninvasive-wearable-device-and-motion-sensing-for-pulmonary-patients
#5
Chuang-Kit Tey, Jinyoung An, Wan-Young Chung
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a type of lung disease caused by chronically poor airflow that makes breathing difficult. As a chronic illness, it typically worsens over time. Therefore, pulmonary rehabilitation exercises and patient management for extensive periods of time are required. This paper presents a remote rehabilitation system for a multimodal sensors-based application for patients who have chronic breathing difficulties. The process involves the fusion of sensory data-captured motion data by stereo-camera and photoplethysmogram signal by a wearable PPG sensor-that are the input variables of a detection and evaluation framework...
2017: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538822/association-between-harmful-oral-habits-and-the-structures-and-functions-of-the-stomatognathic-system-perception-of-parents-guardians
#6
Thayse Steffen Pereira, Fabiana de Oliveira, Maria Cristina de Almeida Freitas Cardoso
Purpose: To verify the occurrence and associate the presence and duration of harmful oral habits with the structures and functions of the stomatognathic system. Methods: This is a cross-sectional, exploratory study. Participants' participation was formalized by the signing of an Informed Consent Form. The non-probabilistic sample comprised 289 children aged one to 12 years assisted at a Family Health Strategy unit. The data were obtained through a questionnaire to identify harmful oral habits applied to the children's parents and/or guardians...
May 15, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530252/new-trends-in-rehabilitation-of-children-with-ent-disorders
#7
R Bovo, P Trevisi, E Zanoletti, D Cazzador, T Volo, E Emanuelli, A Martini
In the last 20 years, neonatal survival has progressively increased due to the constant amelioration of neonatal medical treatment and surgical techniques. Thus, the number of children with congenital malformations and severe chronic pathologies who need rehabilitative care has progressively increased. Rehabilitation programs for paediatric patients with disorders of voice, speech and language, communication and hearing, deglutition and breathing are not widely available in hospital settings or in long-term care facilities...
May 22, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478693/effects-of-different-physical-therapy-programs-on-perceived-health-status-in-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Irene Torres-Sánchez, Marie Carmen Valenza, Maria Dels Àngels Cebriá I Iranzo, Laura López-López, Ma Paz Moreno-Ramírez, Araceli Ortíz-Rubio
PURPOSE: To evaluate the repercussion of different physical therapy interventions on the perceived health status of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients during acute exacerbation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomized controlled trial. Patients were assigned to: control group (standard medical treatment), controlled breathing + range of motion exercises group or Resistance exercises group. Perceived health status was assessed at baseline and discharge using the EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) questionnaire...
May 8, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436722/exercise-training-improves-characteristics-of-exercise-oscillatory-ventilation-in-chronic-heart-failure
#9
Niki Panagopoulou, Eleftherios Karatzanos, Stavros Dimopoulos, Athanasios Tasoulis, Ioannis Tachliabouris, Styliani Vakrou, Antonios Sideris, Christina Gratziou, Serafim Nanas
Background Exercise oscillatory ventilation in chronic heart failure has been suggested as a factor related to adverse cardiac events, aggravated prognosis and higher mortality. Exercise training is well known to affect exercise capacity and mechanisms of pathophysiology beneficially in chronic heart failure. Little is known, however, about the exercise training effects on characteristics of exercise oscillatory ventilation in chronic heart failure patients. Design and methods Twenty (out of 38) stable chronic heart failure patients exhibited exercise oscillatory ventilation (age 54 ± 11 years, peak oxygen uptake 15...
May 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435743/effects-of-overground-locomotor-training-on-the-ventilatory-response-to-volitional-treadmill-walking-in-individuals-with-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury-a-pilot-study
#10
Gino S Panza, Andrew A Guccione, Lisa M Chin, Jared M Gollie, Jeffery E Herrick, John P Collins
INTRODUCTION: Although there has been substantial emphasis on the neuromuscular and cardiovascular adaptations following rehabilitation, pulmonary adaptations in individuals with incomplete SCI (iSCI) in response to locomotor training have been less frequently studied. In healthy individuals, effective transition from rest to work is accomplished by a hyperpneic response, which exhibits an exponential curve with three phases. However, the degree to which our current understanding of exercise hyperpnea can be applied to individuals with iSCI is unknown...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418684/slow-yogic-breathing-and-long-term-cardiac-autonomic-adaptations-a-pilot-study
#11
Suzanne M Bertisch, Jason Hamner, J Andrew Taylor
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether long-term practice of yogic breathing alters cardiac autonomic control. DESIGN: Age-sex matched, cross-sectional, physiologic pilot study. SETTINGS/LOCATION: Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Cardiovascular Laboratory, Cambridge, MA. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-six (26) long-term yoga practitioners and 26 age- and sex-matched controls, free of cardiovascular disease. OUTCOME: Cardiac vagal outflow as assessed by respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA)...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409593/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-diagnosis-and-management
#12
Shari Gentry, Barry Gentry
The diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) should be suspected in patients with risk factors (primarily a history of smoking) who report dyspnea at rest or with exertion, chronic cough with or without sputum production, or a history of wheezing. COPD may be suspected based on findings from the history and physical examination, but must be confirmed by spirometry to detect airflow obstruction. Findings that are most helpful to rule in COPD include a smoking history of more than 40 pack-years, a self-reported history of COPD, maximal laryngeal height, and age older than 45 years...
April 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407251/investigating-hyperventilation-syndrome-in-patients-suffering-from-empty-nose-syndrome
#13
David Mangin, Emilie Bequignon, Francoise Zerah-Lancner, Daniel Isabey, Bruno Louis, Serge Adnot, Jean-François Papon, André Coste, Laurent Boyer, Marie Devars du Mayne
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Patients with empty nose syndrome (ENS) following turbinate surgery often complain about breathing difficulties. We set out to determine if dyspnea in patients with ENS was associated with hyperventilation syndrome (HVS). We hypothesized that lower airway symptoms in ENS could be explained by HVS. STUDY DESIGN: Observational prospective study. METHODS: All consecutive patients referred to our center for ENS over 1 year were invited to participate...
April 13, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368127/is-centric-relation-always-the-position-of-choice-for-tmds-case-report-of-how-tmd-and-airway-dimension-may-be-associated
#14
William E Harrell, Tim Tatum, Mike Koslin
Centric occlusion (CO) and centric relation (CR) have been controversial topics in dentistry for almost 100 years. The concept of CR emerged due to the search for a reproducible mandibular position that would enable the prosthodontic rehabilitation of patients needing denture treatment. The following case study is unique because of 2 questions. Which mandibular treatment splint position (CR or CO) was appropriate for the initial and eventual final treatment of this patient for her temporomandibular disorder/myofascial pain and dysfunction? Also, how might the mandibular position of CR and CO affect the size and shape of the airway? The airway's size and shape is important as it relates to sleep-disordered breathing and potentially leading to obstructive sleep apnea later in life...
April 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364492/neuropsychological-function-in-patients-with-acute-tetraplegia-and-sleep-disordered-breathing
#15
Rachel Schembri, Jo Spong, Marnie Graco, David J Berlowitz
Study objectives: To investigate the relationship between apnea severity and neuropsychological function in patients with acute-onset tetraplegia and sleep disordered breathing. Methods: Polysomnography and neuropsychological testing were performed on 104 participants (age M = 45.60, SD = 16.38; 10 female) across 11 international sites, 2 months postinjury (M = 60.70 days, SD = 39.48). Neuropsychological tests assessed attention, information processing, executive function, memory, learning, mood, and quality of life...
February 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356632/the-effects-of-inspiratory-diaphragm-breathing-exercise-and-expiratory-pursed-lip-breathing-exercise-on-chronic-stroke-patients-respiratory-muscle-activation
#16
KyoChul Seo, Park Seung Hwan, KwangYong Park
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of inspiratory diaphragm breathing exercise and expiratory pursed-lip breathing exercise on chronic stroke patients' respiratory muscle activation. [Subjects and Methods] All experimental subjects performed exercises five times per week for four weeks. Thirty chronic stroke patients were randomly assign to an experimental group of 15 patients and a control group of 15 patients. The experimental group underwent exercises consisting of basic exercise treatment for 15 minutes and inspiratory diaphragm breathing exercise and expiratory pursed-lip breathing exercise for 15 minutes and the control group underwent exercises consisting of basic exercise treatment for 15 minutes and auto-med exercise for 15 minutes...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345358/-instead-of-popping-pills-perhaps-you-should-add-frog-breathing-experiences-of-glossopharyngeal-insufflation-breathing-for-people-with-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#17
Malin Nygren-Bonnier, Jens Werner, Gabriele Biguet, Sverker Johansson
BACKGROUND: People with cervical spinal cord injury have impaired function of the respiratory muscles, which results in reduced ventilation. Glossopharyngeal insufflation/breathing increases total lung capacity and improves cough function, however, knowledge of the experiences regarding learning and practicing glossopharyngeal insufflation in everyday life is missing. PURPOSE: To describe and explore the experiences of learning and practicing glossopharyngeal insufflation among people with cervical spinal cord injury...
March 27, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336256/nose-burns-4-dimensional-analysis
#18
J Bouguila, C Ho Quoc, R Viard, A Brun, D Voulliaume, J-P Comparin, J-L Foyatier
The nose is the central organ of the face. It has two essential roles, aesthetic and breathing. It is often seriously damaged in the context of facial burns, causing grotesque facial disfigurement. As this disfigurement is visible on frontal and profile views, the patient suffers both socially and psychologically. The nose is a three-dimensional organ. Reconstruction is therefore more difficult and needs to be more precise than in other parts of the face. Maintaining symmetry, contour and function are essential for successful nasal reconstruction...
March 20, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329750/optoelectronic-plethysmography-in-clinical-practice-and-research-a-review
#19
Carlo Massaroni, Elena Carraro, Andrea Vianello, Sandra Miccinilli, Michelangelo Morrone, Irisz K Levai, Emiliano Schena, Paola Saccomandi, Silvia Sterzi, John W Dickinson, Samantha Winter, Sergio Silvestri
BACKGROUND: Optoelectronic plethysmography (OEP) is a non-invasive motion capture method to measure chest wall movements and estimate lung volumes. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the clinical findings and research applications of OEP in the assessment of breathing mechanics across populations of healthy and diseased individuals. METHODS: A bibliographic research was performed with the terms "opto-electronic plethysmography," "optoelectronic plethysmography," and "optoelectronic plethysmograph" in 50 digital library and bibliographic search databases resulting in the selection of 170 studies...
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323322/adaptations-following-an-intermittent-hypoxia-hyperoxia-training-in-coronary-artery-disease-patients-a-controlled-study
#20
Oleg Glazachev, Phylipp Kopylov, Davide Susta, Elena Dudnik, Elena Zagaynaya
BACKGROUND: Repeated exposure to intermittent normobaric hypoxia improves exercise tolerance in cardiac patients. Little is known on the effects of intermittent normobaric hypoxia-hyperoxia exposure in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients (New York Heart Association II-III). HYPOTHESIS: IHHT improves exercise tolerance, cardiometabolic profile, and quality of life in CAD patients. METHODS: The study design was a nonrandomized, controlled, before-and-after trial...
March 21, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
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