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P53 and liposomes

Jie Yang, Long Qiao, Zhen Zeng, Junnai Wang, Tao Zhu, Juncheng Wei, Mingfu Wu, Shuangmei Ye, Xiaoyuan Huang, Ding Ma, Ronghua Liu, Qinglei Gao
Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) has been approved to treat patients with various types of cancers because it rarely caused side effects, such as cardiotoxicity, in comparison to doxorubicin, but it frequently results in hand-foot syndrome (HFS). This may affect the quality of life and require a reduction in the PLD dose. The pathophysiology of HFS was not well understood. This study was aimed at exploring the mechanism of HFS induced by PLD. We compared the effects of different doses of PLD on the proliferation inhibition and apoptosis in vitro in HaCaT cells and analyzed the skin changes and skin cell DNA damage in vivo using a zebrafish model...
January 4, 2017: Toxicology Letters
Kathleen F Pirollo, John Nemunaitis, Po Ki Leung, Robert Nunan, Jana Adams, Esther H Chang
Loss of p53 suppressor function, through mutations or inactivation of the p53 pathway, occurs in most human cancers. SGT-53 is a liposomal nanocomplex designed for systemic, tumor-targeting delivery of the wt p53 gene. In this nanodelivery system, an anti-transferrin receptor single-chain antibody fragment serves as the targeting moiety. In an initial phase 1 trial in patients with advanced solid tumors, SGT-53 demonstrated tumor-specific targeting, was shown to be well tolerated, and was associated with an antitumor effect in several patients...
September 2016: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
Wen-Kun Bai, Wei Zhang, Bing Hu, Tao Ying
Prostate cancer is a common type of cancer in elderly men. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of ultrasound exposure in combination with SonoVue microbubbles on liposome-mediated transfection of wild-type P53 genes into human prostate cancer cells. PC-3 human prostate cancer cells were exposed to ultrasound; duty cycle was controlled at 20% (2 sec on, 8 sec off) for 5 min with and without SonoVue microbubble echo-contrast agent using a digital sonifier (frequency, 21 kHz; intensity, 46 mW/cm(2))...
June 2016: Oncology Letters
See-Hyoung Park, Young Ii Yoon, Hyoungwon Moon, Ga-Hyun Lee, Byung-Heon Lee, Tae-Jong Yoon, Hak Jong Lee
Gas (SF6)-filled microbubbles (MBs) were prepared by emulsion and solvent-evaporation method. The prepared MBs were further conjugated with doxorubicin (Dox)-loaded nano-sized liposome and peptide ligands to interleukin-4 receptor (IL4R) for targeting brain tumor cells. The final MB-liposome (Dox)-IL4R targeting peptide ligand [MB-Lipo (Dox)-IL4RTP] had a spherical structure with the mean size of 1,500 nm. The MB-Lipo (Dox)‑IL4RTP exhibited cellular uptake in U87MG brain tumor cells (a brain tumor cell line expressing strongly IL4R) with frequency ultrasound energy suggesting that MB-Lipo (Dox)‑IL4RTP provided effective targeting ability for brain tumor cells...
July 2016: Oncology Reports
Åsa Fransson, Daria Glaessgen, Jessica Alfredsson, Klas G Wiman, Svetlana Bajalica-Lagercrantz, Nina Mohell
BACKGROUND: Mutation in the tumor suppressor gene TP53 is an early event in the development of high-grade serous (HGS) ovarian cancer and is identified in more than 96 % of HGS cancer patients. APR-246 (PRIMA-1(MET)) is the first clinical-stage compound that reactivates mutant p53 protein by refolding it to wild type conformation, thus inducing apoptosis. APR-246 has been tested as monotherapy in a Phase I/IIa clinical study in hematological malignancies and prostate cancer with promising results, and a Phase Ib/II study in combination with platinum-based therapy in ovarian cancer is ongoing...
May 14, 2016: Journal of Ovarian Research
Shaghayegh Amirijavid, Maliheh Entezari, Abolfazl Movafagh, Mehrdad Hashemi, Alireza Mosavi-Jarahi, Hossein Dehghani
Cancer causes cells to avoid death while being the second cause of death in the world itself. Damaged cells in the absence of apoptosis will increasingly amplify their inefficient genome. Of the two main apoptosis inducing pathways in cells, the first has p53 protein as the main initiating factor in the cascade. According to research results this protein s mutated in 50% of cancers and sointerest has cooncentrated on the second pathway that features death receptors. Among these receptors TRAIL1/DR5 is especially expressed in cancer cells...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Priyanka Sharma, Rajkumar Banerjee, Kumar Pranav Narayan
A detailed description of steroid hormone ligand containing liposomes and their stability has been given. Liposomes were complexed with β-gal DNA and used to transfect cancer and non-cancer cells. The stability of the liposomes and lipoplexes were analysed using dynamic light scattering and DNA-binding gel images. The formulations were used to assess the delivery of anticancer gene, p53 in cancer cells. The dataset consists of DNA-binding gel images, transfection, cytotoxicity and reverse transcriptase PCR images...
June 2016: Data in Brief
Muthuraman Pandurangan, Gansukh Enkhtaivan, Doo Hwan Kim
A metal oxide nanoparticle has been widely investigated for its potential use in the biomedical application. The present study investigates the cytotoxicity of ZnO nanoparticle in human cervical carcinoma cells. Cell viability was determined, and it showed the possible cytotoxic effect of ZnO nanoparticles. The characteristic apoptotic features such as rounding and loss of adherence were observed in the treated cells. Fluorescence and Confocal Laser Scanning Microscope (CLSM) studies have showed reduced nuclear volume and condensed cytoplasm...
May 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Santosh K Misra, Parikshit Moitra, Paturu Kondaiah, Santanu Bhattacharya
Selective gene transfection could be strategy of interest for reducing off-target gene expression and toxicity. In this respect, sigma receptors are found to be over-expressed in many human tumors and liposomal formulations with ability to target these sigma receptors may improve the transfection efficiency to a significant level. To this direction, six novel lipids have been synthesized with different hydrophobic segments such as a long hydrophobic chain or a cholesteryl group and L-tryptophan as the head group...
June 1, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Yao An Shen, Keng Li Lan, Chih Hsien Chang, Liang Ting Lin, Chun Lin He, Po Hung Chen, Te Wei Lee, Yi Jang Lee, Chi Mu Chuang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cancer stem cells exhibit distinctive cellular metabolism compared with the more differentiated counterparts or normal cells. We aimed to investigate the impact of a novel radionuclide anti-cancer agent (188)Re-Liposome on stemness markers' expression and cellular metabolism in an ovarian cancer model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 2×2 factorial experiment was designed in which factor 1 represented the drug treatment comparing (188)Re-BMEDA, a free form of (188)Re, with (188)Re-Liposome, a nanoparticle-encapsulated form of (188)Re...
May 2016: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Y U Wang, Yi-Ni Chen, Wei Zhang, Y U Yang, Wen-Kun Bai, E Shen, Bing Hu
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether ultrasound combined with microbubbles was able to enhance liposome-mediated transfection of genes into human prostate cancer cells, and to examine the association between autophagy and tumor protein P53 (P53). An MTT assay was used to evaluate cell viability, while flow cytometry and fluorescence microscopy were used to measure gene transfection efficiency. Autophagy was observed using transmission electron microscopy. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blot analysis were used to assess the expression of autophagy-associated genes...
January 2016: Oncology Letters
Christopher W Espelin, Shannon C Leonard, Elena Geretti, Thomas J Wickham, Bart S Hendriks
Trastuzumab is the standard of care for HER2-positive breast cancer patients, markedly improving disease-free and overall survival. Combined with chemotherapy, it enhances patient outcomes, but cardiotoxicity due to the trastuzumab treatment poses a serious adverse effect. MM-302 is a HER2-targeted PEGylated liposome that encapsulates doxorubicin to facilitate its delivery to HER2-overexpressing tumor cells while limiting exposure to nontarget tissues, including the heart. In this study, we evaluated the feasibility and preclinical activity of combining MM-302 with trastuzumab...
March 15, 2016: Cancer Research
Ravi Doddapaneni, Ketan Patel, Ibtisam Hasan Owaid, Mandip Singh
Gambogic acid (GA) is a naturally derived potent anticancer agent with extremely poor aqueous solubility. In the present study, positively charged PEGylated liposomal formulation of GA (GAL) was developed for parenteral delivery for the treatment of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). The GAL was formulated with a particle size of 107.3 ± 10.6 nm with +32 mV zeta potential. GAL showed very minimal release of GA over 24 h period confirming the non-leakiness and stability of liposomes. In vitro cytotoxicity assays showed similar cell killing with GA and GAL against MDA-MB-231 cells but significantly higher inhibition of HUVEC growth was observed with GAL...
May 2016: Drug Delivery
Maria Angelica Cortez, Cristina Ivan, David Valdecanas, Xiaohong Wang, Heidi J Peltier, Yuping Ye, Luiz Araujo, David P Carbone, Konstantin Shilo, Dipak K Giri, Kevin Kelnar, Desiree Martin, Ritsuko Komaki, Daniel R Gomez, Sunil Krishnan, George A Calin, Andreas G Bader, James W Welsh
BACKGROUND: Although clinical studies have shown promise for targeting PD1/PDL1 signaling in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the regulation of PDL1 expression is poorly understood. Here, we show that PDL1 is regulated by p53 via miR-34. METHODS: p53 wild-type and p53-deficient cell lines (p53(-/-) and p53(+/+) HCT116, p53-inducible H1299, and p53-knockdown H460) were used to determine if p53 regulates PDL1 via miR-34. PDL1 and miR-34a expression were analyzed in samples from patients with NSCLC and mutated p53 vs wild-type p53 tumors from The Cancer Genome Atlas for Lung Adenocarcinoma (TCGA LUAD)...
January 2016: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Minghe Li, Zhihong Li, Jia Li, Liou Jin, Chengxue Jin, Chengmin Han, Xin Ji, Fei Sun
Gene associated with retinoid‑interferon‑induced mortality 19 (GRIM‑19) is a novel candidate tumor suppressor gene located on the human chromosome 19p13.1 region. Our previous study demonstrated that the upregulation of GRIM‑19 in human oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells significantly inhibited tumor cell growth in vitro and in vivo. In the present study, the combined effects of cationic liposome (LP)‑mediated GRIM‑19 gene (LP‑pGRIM‑19) and the low‑dose chemotherapeutic drug, cisplatin (CDDP), on tumor cell growth in vitro and in vivo were examined, and the molecular mechanism of their mutual action was investigated by cell proliferation, colony formation, apoptosis, migration, invasion and western blotting assays in vitro, and a node nude tumor model...
December 2015: Molecular Medicine Reports
Gang Wang, Jun Jie Wang, Tony S S To, Hua Fu Zhao, Jing Wang
Flavonoids, the major polyphenol components in Cotinus coggygria (CC), have been found to show an anticancer effect in our previous study; however, the exact mechanisms of inducing human glioblastoma (GBM) cell death remain to be resolved. In this study, a novel polyvinylpyrrolidone K-30/sodium dodecyl sulfate and polyethyleneglycol-coated liposome loaded with CC flavonoids (CCFs) was developed to enhance solubility and the antibrain tumor effect, and the molecular mechanism regarding how CCF nanoliposomes (CCF-NLs) induce apoptotic cell death in vitro was investigated...
2015: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Yu-Li Lo, Wei-Chen Tu
Chrysophsin-1, an amphipathic alpha-helical antimicrobial peptide, is isolated from the gills of the red sea bream and possesses different structure and mechanism(s) in comparison with traditional multidrug resistance (MDR) modulators. For the purpose of reducing off-target normal cell toxicity, it is rational to incorporate chrysophsin-1 and epirubicin in a PEGylated liposomal formulation. In the present study, we report a multifunctional liposomes with epirubicin as an antineoplastic agent and an apoptosis inducer, as well as chrysophsin-1 as a MDR transporter inhibitor and an apoptosis modulator in human cervical cancer HeLa cells...
December 5, 2015: Chemico-biological Interactions
Thekkuttuparambil Ananthanarayanan Ajith
Advances in understanding and manipulating genes have set the stage for scientists to alter a person's genetic material to prevent or treat diseases. Over the past decade, somatic gene therapy has been increasingly applied in clinical trials where the genetic material (DNA and RNA) introduced into a person's cell. Mutation and inactivation of the tumor suppressor genes are the unified concept of the development of tumor in humans. Therefore, researchers have discovered potential of gene therapies in the treatment of cancer...
2015: Journal of Experimental Therapeutics & Oncology
Yan-Fang Gao, Xue-Ni Wei, Xiao-Lei Ye, Guo-Bin Weng, Yi-Chen Chen, Ya-Rong Zhao, Hui Ji
Stoppin (L1) is a newly identified anticancer peptide, which is a potent p53‑MDM2/MDMX inhibitor. Due to its limitation in cell delivery efficiency, a new peptide delivery system was developed based on a nucleic acid‑polypeptide‑liposome complex and its stability and effectiveness in vitro was investigated. The nucleic acid‑stoppin‑liposome complex was prepared and characterization of the complex was conducted. The stability of the complex was evaluated by enzyme digestion. Following transfection of the A549 cells with the complex, detection of green fluorescent protein (GFP) and luciferase activity was conducted to evaluate transfection efficiency...
October 2015: Molecular Medicine Reports
Ni-Ni Zhang, Li-Gang Zhang, Ze-Nian Liu, Gui-Lin Huang, Lin Zhang, Jie Yi, Li Yao, Xiao-Hua Hu
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of paclitaxel in combination with carboplatin in different ways in rabbits with VX-2 tongue cancer. METHODS: Rabbit VX-2 tongue cancer model was established and animals were then divided into 6 groups, in which animals received perfusion with paclitaxel liposome and carboplatin via the lingual artery, with free paclitaxel and carboplatin via the lingual artery, with 5% glucose via the lingual artery, with paclitaxel liposome and carboplatin via ear vein, with free paclitaxel and carboplatin via the ear vein and with 5% glucose via the ear vein independently...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
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