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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921411/association-of-cd46-ivs1-1724-c-g-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-in-iranian-women-with-unexplained-recurrent-spontaneous-abortion-ursa
#1
Shiva Abdi-Shayan, Amir Monfaredan, Zahra Moradi, Mehrangiz Rajaii Oskoui, Tohid Kazemi
There are several known and unknown factors for unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA). Among them, complement regulatory protein CD46 plays a pivotal role in preventing uncontrolled activation of complement and successful continuation of pregnancy. We aimed in this study to investigate the possible association of CD46 IVS1-1724 C>G polymorphism with RSA in Iranian women. 141 women with RSA and 153 women with normal pregnancy were enrolled in this study. RSA was confirmed as the history of having at least three consecutive abortions without any known immunologic, pathologic and genetic reason...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918167/-coeliac-disease-as-a-possible-cause-of-some-gynecological-and-obstetric-abnormalities
#2
K Fiolková, K Biringer, M Hrtánková, R Fiolka, J Danko
OBJECTIVE: To bring a review of available literature sources on the prevalence of coeliac disease and its possible impact on gynecological and obstetric disorders. DESIGN: Review article. SETTING: Gynecology and Obstetrics Clinic, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University in Bratislava, Martin, Slovakia. METHODS: Analysis of literary sources. CONCLUSION: Coeliac disease is an autoimmune enteropathy caused by abnormal immune system response to gluten...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918163/-the-role-of-trefoil-factor-family-in-gynecological-disease
#3
D Neubert, R Pilka, D Stejskal, G Krejčí
AIM: Trefoil peptides are a family of small proteins that are expressed in a site-specific fashion by certain epithelial tissues. These peptides appear to be important in mucosal healing processes, in neoplastic disease and in human reproduction. DESIGN: Literature review. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital, Medical Faculty, Palacký University, Olomouc, Czech Republic; Department of Laboratory Biochemistry, Central Moravian Hospital Trust, Member of Agel holding, Prostějov...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908214/pregnancy-and-tumor-outcomes-in-infertile-women-with-macroprolactinoma-on-cabergoline-therapy
#4
Ashu Rastogi, Sanjay K Bhadada, Anil Bhansali
Hyperprolactinemia and prolactinomas cause infertility in significant number of women. But, pregnancy may lead to post-partum remission of hyperprolactinemia. The data on pregnancy and tumor outcome in women with macroprolactinoma conceiving on Cabergoline (CAB) therapy is increasing but still less than with Bromocriptine. We studied the incidence of fetal malformations, hyperprolactinemia and tumor course after gestation in infertile women harboring macroprolactinoma, who conceived on CAB therapy during the year 2005-2015...
December 2, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903074/bicornuate-uterus-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-cervical-os-insufficiency-a-retrospective-population-based-cohort-study
#5
Salvatore Andrea Mastrolia, Yael Baumfeld, Reli Hershkovitz, Giuseppe Loverro, Edoardo Di Naro, David Yohai, Polina Schwarzman, Adi Yehuda Weintraub
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of our study was to explore maternal and fetal outcomes in the second and third trimester in women with bicornuate uterus. METHODS: A total of 280,106 pregnancies met the inclusion criteria and were divided in two study groups: (1) pregnancies in women with bicornuate uterus (n = 444); and (2) controls (n = 279,662). The diagnosis of bicornuate uterus was performed in all patients during the workup for infertility or recurrent pregnancy loss, during pregnancy, or at the time of cesarean delivery...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895849/celiac-disease-and-obstetrical-gynecological-contribution
#6
REVIEW
Giovanni Casella, Guido Orfanotti, Loredana Giacomantonio, Camillo Di Bella, Valentina Crisafulli, Vincenzo Villanacci, Vittorio Baldini, Gabrio Bassotti
Celiac disease (CD) shows an increased prevalence in female, particularly during the fertile period. Celiac disease should be researched in infertility, spontaneous and recurrent abortions, delayed menarche, amenorrhea, early menopause, and children with low birth-weight. Celiac disease is still little considered during the evaluation of infertility. Up to 50% of women with untreated CD refer an experience of miscarriage or an unfavorable outcome of pregnancy. Celiac patients taking a normal diet (with gluten) have a shorter reproductive period...
2016: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883173/clinical-application-of-snp-array-analysis-in-first-trimester-pregnancy-loss-a-prospective-study
#7
Yan Wang, Qing Cheng, Lulu Meng, Chunyu Luo, Huanran Hu, Jingjing Zhang, Jian Cheng, Tianhui Xu, Tao Jiang, Dong Liang, Ping Hu, Zhengfeng Xu
Chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) has been used routinely in pediatric and prenatal genetic diagnosis in clinical practice, but it has rarely been applied to miscarriage analysis. In this study, we conducted a prospective study to evaluate the feasibility of CMA for genetic diagnosis of first-trimester miscarriage specimens. We successfully analyzed 551 fresh miscarriage specimens using SNP array. Among the specimens, 2.9% (16/551) had significant maternal cell contamination and were excluded from the study...
November 24, 2016: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882087/increased-apoptosis-rate-of-human-decidual-cells-and-cytotrophoblasts-in-patients-with-recurrent-spontaneous-abortion-as-a-result-of-abnormal-expression-of-cdkn1a-and-bax
#8
Xiaomei Lv, Zhenhong Cai, Su Li
In the present study, we analyzed the proliferation and apoptosis of trophoblasts and human decidual cells in patients with recurrent spontaneous abortion and the related cellular pathway mechanism. Thirty-four patients with recurrent abortion and 30 healthy pregnant women undergoing planned artificial abortion were selected. The trophoblast and decidual cells were collected by negative pressure aspiration technique. TUNEL method was used to detect the apoptosis rate. Immunohistochemical method was used for detection of TP53 protein...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872414/effect-of-low-dose-aspirin-on-midluteal-phase-uterine-artery-blood-flow-in-patients-with-recurrent-pregnancy-loss
#9
Xiaomin Kang, Tongfei Wang, Liyin He, Haijing Xu, Zhilan Liu, Aimin Zhao
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate differences in uterine artery blood flow parameters and pregnancy outcomes, if any. An investigation was conducted to determine the effects of low-dose aspirin on uterine artery blood flow indices in patients with recurrent pregnancy loss. METHODS: This observational study included 353 Chinese women with a history of recurrent pregnancy loss and 85 women without a history of recurrent pregnancy loss (control group) from Ren Ji Hospital...
December 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863970/treatment-of-distal-anterior-cerebral-artery-aneurysms-with-the-pipeline-embolization-device
#10
Erez Nossek, Daniel W Zumofen, Avi Setton, Matthew B Potts, Eytan Raz, Maksim Shapiro, Howard A Riina, Maria Angeles De Miquel, David J Chalif, Peter K Nelson
Aneurysms of the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) located distal to the anterior communicating artery complex (ACOM) remain challenging to treat with surgical clip reconstruction as well as with endovascular coil-embolization strategies. We have treated five complex geometry distal ACA aneurysms with endoluminal reconstruction using the Pipeline Embolization Device (PED). Two aneurysms were of the dysplastic fusiform type. Three aneurysms were of complex saccular configuration. Three aneurysms were treated electively at the outset with PED...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842992/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-genetic-association-studies-in-idiopathic-recurrent-spontaneous-abortion
#11
Nina Pereza, Saša Ostojić, Miljenko Kapović, Borut Peterlin
OBJECTIVES: 1) To perform the first comprehensive systematic review of genetic association studies (GASs) in idiopathic recurrent spontaneous abortion (IRSA); 2) to analyze studies according to recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) definition and selection criteria for patients and control subjects; and 3) to perform meta-analyses for the association of candidate genes with IRSA. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING: Not applicable...
November 11, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833615/morphological-characterization-and-gene-expression-profiling-during-bud-development-in-a-tropical-perennial-litchi-chinensis-sonn
#12
Huifen Zhang, Hua Li, Biao Lai, Haoqiang Xia, Huicong Wang, Xuming Huang
Tropical evergreen perennials undergo recurrent flush growth, and their terminal buds alternate between growth and dormancy. In sharp contrast to the intensive studies on bud development in temperate deciduous trees, there is little information about bud development regulation in tropical trees. In this study, litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) was used as a model tropical perennial for morphological characterization and transcriptomic analysis of bud development. Litchi buds are naked with apical meristem embraced by rudimentary leaves, which are brown at dormant stage (Stage I)...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813606/chromosome-7-translocation-breakpoints-in-male-carriers-clinical-features-and-implications-for-genetic-counseling
#13
R X Wang, H G Zhang, Y Pan, J H Zhu, F G Yue, L T Xue, R Z Liu
Balanced reciprocal translocations are associated with reproductive failure. Some reciprocal translocation carriers exhibit azoospermia or oligozoospermia, and an association exists between these chromosomal abnormalities and recurrent abortion. Previous reports have indicated the involvement of chromosome 7 translocations in male infertility and recurrent miscarriage. A translocation breakpoint can occur within an important gene, interrupting its structure and leading to male infertility. However, clinical characteristics resulting from chromosome 7 translocation breakpoints have not been studied...
October 17, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806501/effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-unexplained-recurrent-spontaneous-abortion-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Mansoureh Samimi, Fatemeh Foroozanfard, Farzaneh Amini, Mojtaba Sehat
BACKGROUND: Recurrent spontaneous abortion is a serious problem in pregnancy, which affects between 2 and 5% of women of reproductive age. This study was designed to examine the effect of vitamin D supplementation on the occurrence of unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA). METHODS: A double-blind randomized and controlled clinical trial was performed on 80 patients with URSA. They were treated with vaginal progesterone (400 IU/day) after confirmation of pregnancy and received vitamin D and placebo in two intervention (n=40) and control groups (n=40), respectively...
July 12, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805902/association-of-foxd1-variants-with-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-mice-and-humans
#15
Paul Laissue, Besma Lakhal, Magalie Vatin, Frank Batista, Gaëtan Burgio, Eric Mercier, Esther Dos Santos, Christophe Buffat, Diana Carolina Sierra-Diaz, Gilles Renault, Xavier Montagutelli, Jane Salmon, Philippe Monget, Reiner A Veitia, Céline Méhats, Marc Fellous, Jean-Christophe Gris, Julie Cocquet, Daniel Vaiman
Recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) is a common cause of infertility, but previous attempts at identifying RSA causative genes have been relatively unsuccessful. Such failure to describe RSA aetiological genes might be explained by the fact that reproductive phenotypes should be considered as quantitative traits resulting from the intricate interaction of numerous genetic, epigenetic and environmental factors. Here, we studied an interspecific recombinant congenic strain (IRCS) of Mus musculus from the C57BL6/J strain of mice harbouring an approximate 5 Mb DNA fragment from chromosome 13 from Mus spretus mice (66H-MMU13 strain), with a high rate of embryonic resorption (ER)...
October 2016: Open Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792886/tim-3-expression-on-immune-cells-and-roles-at-the-maternal-fetal-interface
#16
REVIEW
Xiao-Hui Hu, Mao-Xing Tang, Gil Mor, Ai-Hua Liao
Successful pregnancy relies on the accurate regulation of the maternal-fetal immune system. Without enough tolerance in the uterine microenvironment, the mother and the hemiallogeneic fetus could not peacefully coexist. T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain (Tim)-3 is a molecule originally regarded as to be expressed on terminally differentiated IFN-γ expressing CD4(+) T cells (Th1). The engagement of Tim-3 with its ligand, galectin-9 (Gal-9) could induce the exhaustion or apoptosis of effector T cells, and thus might regulate the tolerance...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790523/the-effect-of-anti-thyroid-peroxidase-antibodies-on-pregnancy-outcomes-in-euthyroid-women
#17
Monika Meena, Seema Chopra, Vanita Jain, Neelam Aggarwal
INTRODUCTION: Thyroid autoimmunity can have an adverse impact on the outcome of the pregnancy. Although the adverse effects of antithyroid antibodies have been well studied in hypothyroid women, their effects in euthyroid women are not well evaluated. AIM: The study was conducted to assess the overall prevalence of anti-Thyroid Peroxidase (anti-TPO) antibodies in pregnant women and the effect of anti-TPO positivity on the outcome of pregnancy in euthyroid women...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785899/correlation-between-protein-expression-of-foxp3-and-level-of-foxp3-promoter-methylation-in-recurrent-spontaneous-abortion
#18
Wenhui Hou, Zhuyu Li, Yinguang Li, Liyuan Fang, Jie Li, Jia Huang, Xiaoqing Li, Zeshan You
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the level of Forkhead box P3 (FOXP3) promoter methylation and protein expression in recurrent spontaneous abortion and to elucidate the pathogenesis of unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA). METHODS: We assessed a total of 56 URSA patients with a normal embryo, 24 recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) patients with an abnormal embryo (as control group 1), and 39 normal pregnant women (as control group 2). The expression of FOXP3 protein in deciduas was assessed through Western blot, and the level of FOXP3 promoter methylation was detected using bisulfite-assisted genomic sequencing polymerase chain reaction...
November 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780537/bone-mesenchymal-stem-cells-improve-pregnancy-outcome-by-inducing-maternal-tolerance-to-the-allogeneic-fetus-in-abortion-prone-matings-in-mouse
#19
Yu-Han Meng, Xiao-Hui Zhu, Li-Ying Yan, Yan Zhang, Hong-Yan Jin, Xi Xia, Rong Li, Jie Qiao
INTRODUCTION: The successful pregnancy depends on maternal immune tolerance against the fetus. It has been reported that MSCs (mesenchymal stem cells) could play a regulatory role on immune cells such as CD4(+)T cells, macrophages and NK cells, but their effect on recurrent miscarriage is unknown. STUDY DESIGN: In a prospective study, the abortion-prone (CBA/J × DBA/2) H-2(d) × H-2(k) mice were utilized. Female CBA/J mice (8-10 weeks old) were injected with vehicle or MSCs via tail vein or uterine horns, and 14 days later, they were mated with DBA/2 males for the following experiments...
November 2016: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767237/il-7-il-7r-signaling-pathway-might-play-a-role-in-recurrent-pregnancy-losses-by-increasing-inflammatory-th17-cells-and-decreasing-treg-cells
#20
Li Wu, Jie Li, Hui Li Xu, Bo Xu, Xian Hong Tong, Joanne Kwak-Kim, Yu Sheng Liu
PROBLEM: We aim to investigate a possible role of IL-7/IL-7R signaling pathway in recurrent pregnancy losses (RPL). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using the abortion-prone (AP) and non-abortion-prone (NP) mice model, fetal resorption rates (FRR), Th17 and Treg cells-related factors, and the effect of IL-7 and IL-7R antagonist were investigated by flow cytometry, quantitative real-time PCR, and immunohistochemistry. IL-7 and IL-7R expressions in human decidua were investigated by immunohistochemistry...
December 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
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