Read by QxMD icon Read

coronary bifurcation

T S Liu, B T Chen, R Dong, Y Li, Y Zhao, K Hua
Objective: To discuss the clinical safety and efficacy about off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) in octogenarians. Methods: From June 2005 to July 2014, 252 patients (male 208, female 44, with a mean age of 81.7 years old) underwent OPCABG in Beijing Anzhen Hospital who were aged 80 years or older were enrolled. Results: Eight (3.2%) patients were diagnosed as single vessel coronary artery disease (CAD), 29 cases (11.5%) were diagnosed as bifurcation vessel CAD, and 215 cases (85.3%) were multivessel CAD...
September 27, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Takayuki Warisawa, Toru Naganuma, Sunao Nakamura
We report a case of percutaneous coronary intervention in a bifurcation lesion involving left circumflex (LCx) artery and 2 major posterolateral (PL) arteries. The target LCx had diffuse long and severely calcified lesion with the acute takeoff angle from the left main. Despite adequate lesion preparation with rotational atherectomy and balloon angioplasty, the stent was not deliverable, even with deep intubation of 7Fr-guiding catheter. Conventional use of guiding extension catheter (GEC) would have required removal of a wire from at least one PL because of the device interference in the GEC...
October 18, 2016: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
Takao Sato, John Jose, Mohamed El-Mawardy, Dmitriy S Sulimov, Ralph Tölg, Gert Richardt, Mohamed Abdel-Wahab
Heterogeneity of neointimal thickness is observed after drug-eluting stents implantation in bifurcation lesions (BL). We evaluated the vascular response of everolimus-eluting bioresorbable scaffold (BRS) struts deployed at BL using optical coherence tomography (OCT). 50 patients (64 scaffolds) underwent follow-up OCT after BRS implantation. Cross-sectional areas of each BL with a side branch more than 1.5 mm were analyzed using OCT every 200 µm. All images were divided into three regions according to shear stress: the 1/2 circumference of the vessel opposite to the ostium (OO), the vessel wall adjacent to the ostium (AO) and the side-branch ostium (SO)...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Ludovico La Grutta, Marta Marasà, Patrizia Toia, Daniele Ajello, Domenico Albano, Erica Maffei, Emanuele Grassedonio, Giuseppina Novo, Massimo Galia, Giuseppe Caruso, Salvatore Novo, Filippo Cademartiri, Massimo Midiri
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the atherosclerotic disease in the coronary and carotid arteries in patients who underwent non-invasive imaging for suspected stable coronary artery disease (CAD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 107 patients (64 men, age 59 ± 12) with atypical chest pain underwent cardiac CT (CCT) and carotid ultrasound (US) on the same day. Severity (obstructive or not-obstructive disease), location, shape, and composition of atherosclerotic plaques in the two districts were evaluated...
October 13, 2016: La Radiologia Medica
Fernando Alfonso, Marcos García-Guimarães, Gonzalo Navarrete, Javier Cuesta, Teresa Bastante, Amparo Benedicto, Fernando Rivero, Bernardo Cortese
Drug-eluting balloons (DEB) may be considered as a "quiet revolution" in percutaneous coronary interventions. Early-generation DEB eluting paclitaxel proved to be very effective in animal models to reduce neointimal hyperplasia. Areas covered: Review of DEB efficacy in patients with coronary de novo lesions and in-stent restenosis (ISR). Expert opinion: Many randomized clinical trials and meta-analyses have demonstrated the value of DEB in patients with ISR. In this setting, DEB are safe and effective with clinical and angiographic results superior to plain balloon angioplasty and at least equivalent to first generation drug-eluting stents (DES)...
October 8, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
H M Nef, O Dörr, H Möllmann, A Elsässer
Bifurcation lesions are a therapeutic challenge in the interventional treatment of coronary artery disease. Thus, consideration of anatomical aspects and selection of the most appropriate strategy for an individual bifurcation have an impact on the interventional outcome. Accordingly, assessment of the type of bifurcation stenosis, including the relevance of the side branches, vessel diameter and the angle between the two branches are critical for the optimal choice of interventional strategy. The fractional flow reserve (FFR) is a parameter that provides a measure of the severity of coronary stenosis and despite some limitations, FFR can be applied to bifurcation lesions...
October 7, 2016: Herz
Osman Beton, Hatice Kaplanoglu, Baki Hekimoglu, Mehmet Birhan Yilmaz
BACKGROUND: An understanding of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) anatomy is important for accurate diagnosis and therapeutic. We aimed to investigate LMCA anatomy via 128-multisliced coronary computed-tomography-angiography (CCTA) in patients with normal LMCA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 201 CCTA studies were included in this study. Anatomical features of LMCA including cross-sectional areas of the LMCA ostial, LMCA distal, LAD ostial and LCX ostial, and degree of tapering and LMCA bifurcation angles (BA) in the form of LMCA-LCX BA, LMCA-LAD BA, LAD-LCX BA at end-diastole and end-systole...
October 7, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Hung-Hao Lee, Po-Chao Hsu, Wen-Hsien Lee, Chun-Yuan Chu, Ho-Ming Su, Tsung-Hsien Lin, Wen-Chol Voon, Wen-Ter Lai, Sheng-Hsiung Sheu, Cheng-An Chiu
A 66-year-old male was treated percutaneously for a bifurcation lesion of the left anterior descending coronary artery by provisional stenting using the jailed wire technique. After successfully stenting the main branch, retraction of the looped main branch guidewire was impossible. After using an intravascular ultrasound we discovered the guidewire was entangled with a stent strut. Thereafter, the proximal stent elongated after retraction. With the support of an over-the-wire microcatheter, we finally pulled out the entrapped guidewire...
September 2016: Acta Cardiol Sin
Takayuki Yabe, Mikihoto Toda, Rine Nakanishi, Daiga Saito, Ippei Watanabe, Ryo Okubo, Hideo Amano, Takanori Ikeda
BACKGROUND: The treatment strategy for in-stent restenosis (ISR) with bifurcation lesions has not been well explored. We examined the clinical outcomes between final kissing balloon technique (FKBT) after stent implantation and single-stent implantation without FKBT for bifurcation ISR lesions. METHODS: We identified 115 consecutive ISR with bifurcation lesions among 108 patients who underwent drug-eluting stent implantation. The patients were divided into the FKBT group (34 patients, 35 lesions) and the non-FKBT group (74 patients, 80 lesions)...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Cardiology
Xi Chen, Yang Gao, Bin Lu, Xinwei Jia, Liang Zhong, Ghassan S Kassab, Wenchang Tan, Yunlong Huo
Serial segmental narrowing frequently occurs in humans, which alters coronary hemodynamics and further affects atherosclerotic progression and plaque formation. The objective of this study was to understand the distribution of hemodynamic parameters in the epicardial left main coronary arterial (LMCA) tree with serial stenoses reconstructed from patient computer tomography angiography (CTA) images. A finite volume method was used in conjunction with the inlet pressure wave and outlet flow resistance. The time-averaged wall shear stress (TAWSS) and oscillatory shear index (OSI) were determined from the flow field...
2016: PloS One
David C Lange, Morton J Kern
Fractional flow reserve (FFR) is a well-validated tool for determining the functional significance of a coronary artery stenosis, facilitating clinical decisions regarding the need for revascularization. FFR-guided revascularization improves clinical and economic outcomes. However, its application remains challenging in certain complex anatomic subsets, including left main coronary artery stenosis, bifurcation disease, and saphenous vein graft disease. This article reviews recent data supporting the use of FFR in these complex anatomic subsets...
2016: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
Manuel Pan, Soledad Ojeda, Elena Villanueva, Jorge Chavarria, Miguel Romero, Javier Suarez de Lezo, Francisco Mazuelos, Jose Segura, Francisco Carrasco, Francisco Hidalgo, Jose Lopez Aguilera, Sara Rodriguez, Miguel Puente, Jose Suarez de Lezo
OBJECTIVES: The study sought to compare the safety (resistance to damage) and efficacy (ability to cross the side branch) of polymer-coated and non-polymer-coated guidewires in the jailed wire technique used during the percutaneous treatment of bifurcation lesions. BACKGROUND: The jailed wire technique is a useful strategy in the treatment of bifurcation lesions by provisional stenting. However, these wires can be damaged or even be broken during their removal...
September 26, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Fadi J Sawaya, Thierry Lefèvre, Bernard Chevalier, Phillipe Garot, Thomas Hovasse, Marie-Claude Morice, Tanveer Rab, Yves Louvard
Coronary bifurcations are frequent and account for approximately 20% of all percutaneous coronary interventions. Nonetheless, they remain one of the most challenging lesion subsets in interventional cardiology in terms of a lower procedural success rate and increased rates of long-term adverse cardiac events. Provisional side branch stenting should be the default approach in the majority of cases and we propose easily applicable and reproducible stepwise techniques associated with low risk of failure and complications...
September 26, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Rafael Cavalcante, Yohei Sotomi, Yaping Zeng, Cheol Whan Lee, Jung-Min Ahn, Carlos Collet, Erhan Tenekecioglu, Pannipa Suwannasom, Yoshinobu Onuma, Seung-Jung Park, Patrick W Serruys
OBJECTIVE: In patients with multivessel disease and proximal left anterior descending artery (LAD) involvement, the best revascularisation strategy is still unclear. We assess outcomes after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents in a pooled analysis of individual patient-level data of the SYNTAX and BEST randomised trials. DESIGN: Proximal LAD involvement was defined by any lesion ≥ 50% diameter stenosis in the arterial segment starting from the left-main bifurcation up to (and including) the origin of the first major septal branch...
September 20, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Marc-Alexander Ohlow, Ahmed Farah, Stefan Richter, Mohamad El-Garhy, Hubertus von Korn, Bernward Lauer
BACKGROUND: In a number of coronary bifurcation lesions, both the main vessel and the side branch (SB) need stent coverage. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the procedural performance and the impact on radiation times (RT) and contrast medium consumption (CMC) of the Axxess™ stent system (Biosensors, Switzerland) treating de novo bifurcation lesions (DBL). METHODS: One hundred and ten consecutive prospectively enrolled cases (Axxess Group) and 110 age, sex, and lesion location matched controls undergoing mandatory (Group A, n = 56) or provisional (Group B, n = 54) SB intervention were analyzed...
September 21, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Pau Medrano-Gracia, John Ormiston, Mark Webster, Susann Beier, Alistair Young, Chris Ellis, Chunliang Wang, Örjan Smedby, Brett Cowan
AIMS: The aim of this study was to define the shape variations, including diameters and angles, of the major coronary artery bifurcations. METHODS AND RESULTS: Computed tomographic angiograms from 300 adults with a zero calcium score and no stenoses were segmented for centreline and luminal models. A computational atlas was constructed enabling automatic quantification of 3D angles, diameters and lengths of the coronary tree. The diameter (mean±SD) of the left main coronary was 3...
September 18, 2016: EuroIntervention
Kazuhiro Osawa, Toru Miyoshi, Takashi Miki, Yuji Koide, Yusuke Kawai, Kentaro Ejiri, Masatoki Yoshida, Shuhei Sato, Susumu Kanazawa, Hiroshi Ito
High diagnostic performance of noninvasive fractional flow reserve computed from CT (FFR-CT) was recently reported in prospective multicenter trials. The aims of this study were to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of FFR-CT in clinical practice and to examine the lesion characteristics showing a mismatch between FFR-CT and invasive FFR. A total of 20 patients (29 vessels) with suspected coronary artery disease were included. All patients underwent invasive coronary angiography and invasive FFR according to coronary artery CT angiography (CCTA) findings...
September 13, 2016: Heart and Vessels
Jacek Bil, Robert J Gil
Bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) have emerged as an interesting alternative since the presence of the prosthesis in the coronary artery is transient. This technology enables to restore the normal vasomotor tone and allows positive remodeling, simultaneously reducing the trigger for persistent inflammation and facilitating further interventions by percutaneous or surgical means. Absorb BVS(®) is the first generation everolimus-eluting poly-L-lactide (PLLA) bioresorbable scaffold. In recent meta-analyses Absorb BVS(®) was definitely proved to be safe and effective device in the treatment of symptomatic coronary artery disease...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Gennaro Giustino, Alaide Chieffo, Tullio Palmerini, Marco Valgimigli, Fausto Feres, Alexandre Abizaid, Ricardo A Costa, Myeong-Ki Hong, Byeong-Keuk Kim, Yangsoo Jang, Hyo-Soo Kim, Kyung Woo Park, Martine Gilard, Marie-Claude Morice, Fadi Sawaya, Gennaro Sardella, Philippe Genereux, Bjorn Redfors, Martin B Leon, Deepak L Bhatt, Gregg W Stone, Antonio Colombo
BACKGROUND: Optimal upfront dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) duration after complex percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES) remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the efficacy and safety of long-term (≥12 months) versus short-term (3 or 6 months) DAPT with aspirin and clopidogrel according to PCI complexity. METHODS: The authors pooled patient-level data from 6 randomized controlled trials investigating DAPT durations after PCI...
October 25, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Pil Sang Song, Young Bin Song, Joo Myung Lee, Joo-Yong Hahn, Seung-Hyuk Choi, Jin-Ho Choi, Sang Hoon Lee, Kyung Woo Park, Hyo-Soo Kim, Yangsoo Jang, Ki Bae Seung, Ju Hyeon Oh, Hyeon-Cheol Gwon
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the long-term outcomes and predictors of target vessel failure (a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, or target vessel revascularization) in patients with bifurcation lesion treated by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) utilizing the 2-stent strategy with a drug-eluting stent (DES). BACKGROUND: There are limited data on outcomes of the 2-stent strategy in bifurcation PCI. METHODS: Patient-level pooled analysis was performed with patients undergoing PCI with 2-stent strategy from the Korean Bifurcation Pooled Cohorts...
September 26, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"