keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Microbiology laboratory quality

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218304/from-invention-to-innovation-risk-analysis-to-integrate-one-health-technology-in-the-dairy-farm
#1
Andrea Lombardo, Carlo Boselli, Simonetta Amatiste, Simone Ninci, Chiara Frazzoli, Roberto Dragone, Alberto De Rossi, Gerardo Grasso, Alberto Mantovani, Giovanni Brajon
Current Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) approaches mainly fit for food industry, while their application in primary food production is still rudimentary. The European food safety framework calls for science-based support to the primary producers' mandate for legal, scientific, and ethical responsibility in food supply. The multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary project ALERT pivots on the development of the technological invention (BEST platform) and application of its measurable (bio)markers-as well as scientific advances in risk analysis-at strategic points of the milk chain for time and cost-effective early identification of unwanted and/or unexpected events of both microbiological and toxicological nature...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216923/supervised-learning-for-infection-risk-inference-using-pathology-data
#2
Bernard Hernandez, Pau Herrero, Timothy Miles Rawson, Luke S P Moore, Benjamin Evans, Christofer Toumazou, Alison H Holmes, Pantelis Georgiou
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial Resistance is threatening our ability to treat common infectious diseases and overuse of antimicrobials to treat human infections in hospitals is accelerating this process. Clinical Decision Support Systems (CDSSs) have been proven to enhance quality of care by promoting change in prescription practices through antimicrobial selection advice. However, bypassing an initial assessment to determine the existence of an underlying disease that justifies the need of antimicrobial therapy might lead to indiscriminate and often unnecessary prescriptions...
December 8, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215775/an-assessment-of-the-microbiological-quality-and-safety-of-raw-drinking-milk-on-retail-sale-in-england
#3
Caroline Willis, Frieda Jørgensen, Heather Aird, Nicola Elviss, Andrew Fox, Claire Jenkins, Deborah Fenelon, Lorraine Sadler-Reeves, Jim McLauchlin
AIMS: This study aimed to review the microbiological results for raw drinking milk (RDM) samples submitted to Public Health England laboratories between 2014 and 2016 in order to produce up-to-date data on the microbiological safety of RDM and inform future risk assessments on its sale. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 902 samples of RDM were collected from retail sale in England for microbiological examination. Overall, 454/770 samples (59.0%) taken for routine monitoring were of a satisfactory quality, whilst eight (1...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162208/national-laboratory-based-surveillance-system-for-antimicrobial-resistance-a-successful-tool-to-support-the-control-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-the-netherlands
#4
Wieke Altorf-van der Kuil, Annelot F Schoffelen, Sabine C de Greeff, Steven Ft Thijsen, H Jeroen Alblas, Daan W Notermans, Anne Lm Vlek, Marianne Ab van der Sande, Tjalling Leenstra, The National Amr Surveillance Study Group
An important cornerstone in the control of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a well-designed quantitative system for the surveillance of spread and temporal trends in AMR. Since 2008, the Dutch national AMR surveillance system, based on routine data from medical microbiological laboratories (MMLs), has developed into a successful tool to support the control of AMR in the Netherlands. It provides background information for policy making in public health and healthcare services, supports development of empirical antibiotic therapy guidelines and facilitates in-depth research...
November 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135992/internal-quality-assurance-in-diagnostic-microbiology-a-simple-approach-for-insightful-data
#5
Valentin Scherz, Christian Durussel, Gilbert Greub
Given the importance of microbiology results on patient care, high quality standards are expected. Internal quality assurance (IQA) could mitigate the limitations of internal quality control, competency assessment and external quality assurance, adding a longitudinal insight, including pre- and post-analytical steps. Here, we implemented an IQA program in our clinical microbiology facilities with blind resubmission of routine samples during 22 months. One-hundred-and-twenty-one out of 123 (98.4%) serological analyses and 112 out of 122 (91...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117578/practical-issues-in-implementing-whole-genome-sequencing-in-routine-diagnostic-microbiology
#6
REVIEW
John W A Rossen, Alexander W Friedrich, Jacob Moran-Gilad
BACKGROUND: next generation sequencing (NGS) is increasingly being used in clinical microbiology. Like every new technology that is being adopted in microbiology, the integration of NGS into clinical and routine workflows needs to be carefully managed. AIM: to review the practical aspects of implementing bacterial whole genome sequencing (WGS) in routine diagnostic laboratories. SOURCES: review of the literature and expert opinion. CONTENT: in this review, we discuss when and how to integrate whole genome sequencing (WGS) in the routine workflow of the clinical laboratory...
November 5, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052751/-prevention-of-infections-due-to-musculoskeletal-allografts
#7
REVIEW
A Pruß
Transplantation of musculoskeletal tissues is widely used in the treatment of extensive defects of the musculoskeletal system, especially in orthopedics for exchange of prostheses, surgical interventions on the spine and in traumatology for reconstruction after extensive tumor resections. A danger after transplantation is the potential transmission of clinically relevant pathogens. Tissue banks have therefore established a safety level approach for musculoskeletal tissue transplants, which includes donor selection, laboratory testing, tissue procurement, tissue processing, tissue storage and quality assurance...
November 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031605/a-waterborne-outbreak-of-multiple-diarrhoeagenic-escherichia-coli-infections-associated-with-drinking-water-at-a-school-camp
#8
Jungsun Park, Jin Seok Kim, Soojin Kim, Eunkyung Shin, Kyung-Hwan Oh, Yonghoon Kim, Cheon Hyeon Kim, Min Ah Hwang, Chan Mun Jin, Kyoungin Na, Jin Lee, Enhi Cho, Byung-Hak Kang, Hyo-Sun Kwak, Won Keun Seong, Junyoung Kim
BACKGROUND: In June 2015, a local public health laboratory was notified that students had developed gastroenteritis symptoms after participating in a camp. An outbreak investigation was conducted to determine the extent and cause of the outbreak. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to determine the correlations between the illness and specific exposures at the school camp. All attendees were interviewed with a standard questionnaire that addressed clinical symptoms, food consumption and environmental exposures...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030529/microbiological-test-data-assuring-data-integrity
#9
Edward Charles Tidswell, Tim Sandle
Marketed drugs and devices possess specifications including critical microbiological quality attributes purposed to assure efficacy and patient safety. These attributes are legislated requirements intended to protect the recipient patient. Sampling, microbiological testing, interpretation of data for final products, raw materials and intermediates all contribute to a cohesive assessment in the assurance of finished product quality. Traditional culture-based microbiological methods possess inherent and unavoidable variability, recognized by the compendia and which might lead to erroneous conclusion pertaining to product quality...
October 12, 2017: PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026355/colistin-and-polymyxin-b-minimal-inhibitory-concentrations-determined-by-etest-found-unreliable-for-gram-negative-bacilli
#10
Shelby Simar, Diane Sibley, Deborah Ashcraft, George Pankey
BACKGROUND: A reliable method of polymyxin B and E (colistin) susceptibility testing remains elusive. These drugs diffuse poorly into agar, creating potentially inaccurate Etest and disk diffusion results, and testing by these methods is not recommended. Broth microdilution is the reference testing method, although it can be sometimes difficult to interpret. Currently, when a colistin susceptibility test is ordered for a patient in the Ochsner Health System, our diagnostic microbiology laboratory performs the Etest...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021895/readiness-for-antimicrobial-resistance-amr-surveillance-in-pakistan-a-model-for-laboratory-strengthening
#11
Dania Khalid Saeed, Rumina Hasan, Mahwish Naim, Afia Zafar, Erum Khan, Kausar Jabeen, Seema Irfan, Imran Ahmed, Mohammad Zeeshan, Zabin Wajidali, Joveria Farooqi, Sadia Shakoor, Abdul Chagla, Jason Rao
BACKGROUND: Limited capacity of laboratories for antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) presents a critical diagnostic bottleneck in resource limited countries. This paper aims to identify such gaps and to explore whether laboratory networks could contribute towards improving AST in low resource settings. METHODS: A self-assessment tool to assess antimicrobial susceptibility testing capacity was administered as a pre-workshop activity to participants from 30 microbiology laboratories in 3 cities in Pakistan...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021151/rapid-nanopore-sequencing-of-plasmids-and-resistance-gene-detection-in-clinical-isolates
#12
Jamie K Lemon, Pavel P Khil, Karen M Frank, John P Dekker
Recent advances in nanopore sequencing technology have led to a substantial increase in throughput and sequence quality. Together, these improvements may permit real-time benchtop genomic sequencing and antimicrobial resistance gene detection in clinical isolates. Here, we evaluated workflows and turnaround times for a benchtop long-read sequencing approach in the clinical microbiology laboratory using the Oxford Nanopore Technologies MinION sequencer. We performed genomic and plasmid sequencing of three clinical isolates with both MinION and Illumina MiSeq, using different library preparation methods (2D and rapid 1D) with the goal of antimicrobial resistance gene detection...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954899/optimizing-test-utilization-in-the-clinical-microbiology-laboratory-tools-and-opportunities
#13
Bobbi S Pritt
Optimal laboratory test utilization is important for providing high-quality clinical care and efficiently using limited health care resources. While microbiologists have long been advocates for appropriate laboratory test utilization, the widespread availability of electronic medical records capable of supporting clinician order entry and of clinical decision support tools (CDSTs) has provided expanded opportunities for implementing effective, automated test stewardship protocols. D. Nikolic et al. (J. Clin...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929962/-determination-of-in-vitro-susceptibilities-of-brucella-spp-strains-against-11-different-antibacterial-gents-isolated-from-blood-cultures
#14
Recep Keşli, Hüseyin Bilgin, Halim Yılmaz
Brucellosis is a worldwide zoonotic disease and still continuous to be a major public health problem. In this study, it was aimed to identify the Brucella strains to the species level isolated from blood cultures, and to determine the rate of antimicrobial susceptibility against eleven antibacterial agents. A total of 106 Brucella spp. strains were included in the study, which were isolated from blood cultures in University of Health Sciences, Konya Training and Research Hospital, Medical Microbiology Laboratory between January 2011 and June 2013...
July 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929961/-national-antimicrobial-resistance-surveillance-system-namrss-external-quality-assessment-studies-2011-2016
#15
Serap Süzük Yıldız, Hüsniye Şimşek, Nilay Çöplü, Zeynep Gülay
Establishment of sustainable and evidence-based surveillance systems are recommended for prevention of microbial resistance by the World Health Organization (WHO). As a necessity of these surveillance systems, participants are recommended to implement an external quality assessment (EQA) program. In this scope, National Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System (NARSS) has been established within the Public Health Institute of Turkey (PHIT) in our country since 2011. In the scope of this surveillance, NARSS EQA program has been implemented in a cycle per year and four isolates were sent to participants per cycle every year since 2011...
July 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866114/traditional-approaches-versus-mass-spectrometry-in-bacterial-identification-and-typing
#16
REVIEW
Angela Sloan, Gehua Wang, Keding Cheng
Biochemical methods such as metabolite testing and serotyping are traditionally used in clinical microbiology laboratories to identify and categorize microorganisms. Due to the large variety of bacteria, identifying representative metabolites is tedious, while raising high-quality antisera or antibodies unique to specific biomarkers used in serotyping is very challenging, sometimes even impossible. Although serotyping is a certified approach for differentiating bacteria such as E. coli and Salmonella at the subspecies level, the method is tedious, laborious, and not practical during an infectious disease outbreak...
October 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840984/matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-in-clinical-microbiology-what-are-the-current-issues
#17
REVIEW
Alex van Belkum, Martin Welker, David Pincus, Jean Philippe Charrier, Victoria Girard
Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) has revolutionized the identification of microbial species in clinical microbiology laboratories. MALDI-TOF-MS has swiftly become the new gold-standard method owing to its key advantages of simplicity and robustness. However, as with all new methods, adoption of the MALDI-TOF MS approach is still not widespread. Optimal sample preparation has not yet been achieved for several applications, and there are continuing discussions on the need for improved database quality and the inclusion of additional microbial species...
November 2017: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820902/from-hospitalization-records-to-surveillance-the-use-of-local-patient-profiles-to-characterize-cholera-in-vellore-india
#18
Melissa S Cruz, Tania M AlarconFalconi, Meghan A Hartwick, Aishwarya Venkat, Hanna Y Ehrlich, Shalini Anandan, Honorine D Ward, Balaji Veeraraghavan, Elena N Naumova
Despite availability of high quality medical records, health care systems often do not have the resources or tools to utilize these data efficiently. Yet, hospital-based, laboratory-confirmed records may pave the way for building reliable surveillance systems capable of monitoring temporal trends of emerging infections. In this communication, we present a new tool to compress and visualize medical records with a local population profile (LPP) approach, which transforms information into statistically comparable patterns...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801105/rectal-swab-screening-assays-of-public-health-importance-in-molecular-diagnostics-sample-adequacy-control
#19
Sanja Glisovic, Shaun Eintracht, Yves Longtin, Matthew Oughton, Ivan Brukner
Rectal swabs are routinely used by public health authorities to screen for multi-drug resistant enteric bacteria including vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) and carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae (CRE). Screening sensitivity can be influenced by the quality of the swabbing, whether performed by the patient (self-swabbing) or a healthcare practitioner. One common exclusion criterion for rectal swabs is absence of "visible soiling" from fecal matter. In our institution, this criterion excludes almost 10% of rectal swabs received in the microbiology laboratory...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761562/assessment-of-physicochemical-and-microbiological-quality-of-public-swimming-pools-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#20
Kokebe Yedeme, Melese Hailu Legese, Almaz Gonfa, Somson Girma
BACKGROUND: From swimming pools, bathers may acquire many potential pathogens or may be affected by the physicochemical characteristics of water used during bathing. Hence, this study aimed at assessing the physicochemical and microbiological quality of public swimming pools located at different hotels and recreation center in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. METHOD: A cross sectional study was carried out from February to May, 2016. Nine hotels and one recreation center which recognized to have public swimming services were included...
2017: Open Microbiology Journal
keyword
keyword
103462
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"