keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Anti-nutritional factors

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051981/preoperative-optimization-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-undergoing-gastrointestinal-surgery-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Marie Strøm Zangenberg, Nir Horesh, Uri Kopylov, Alaa El-Hussuna
PURPOSE: Surgical management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a challenging task. The aim of preoperative optimization (PO) is to decrease the risk of complications and reduce the length of postoperative stay. The aim of this study was to review and grade the available evidence, attain clear recommendations, and point out potential future research. METHODS: Studies were identified from electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library) and scanning reference lists in relevant papers...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050410/effect-of-feeding-soybean-meal-and-differently-processed-peas-on-intestinal-morphology-and-functional-glucose-transport-in-the-small-intestine-of-broilers
#2
I Röhe, F Goodarzi Boroojeni, J Zentek
Peas are locally grown legumes being rich in protein and starch. However, the broad usage of peas as a feed component in poultry nutrition is limited to anti-nutritional factors, which might impair gut morphology and function. This study investigated the effect of feeding raw or differently processed peas compared with feeding a soybean meal-based control diet (C) on intestinal morphology and nutrient transport in broilers. A total of 360 day-old broiler chicks were fed with one of the following diets: The C diet, and 3 diets containing raw peas (RP), fermented peas (FP) and enzymatically pre-digested peas (EP), each supplying 30% of dietary crude protein...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046052/protective-effect-of-different-antioxidant-agents-in-uvb-irradiated-keratinocytes
#3
Sara Salucci, Sabrina Burattini, Francesca Buontempo, Alberto Maria Martelli, Elisabetta Falcieri, Michela Battistelli
Skin cells can respond to UVB-induced damage either by tolerating it, or restoring it through antioxidant activation and DNA repair mechanisms or, ultimately, undergoing programmed cell death, when damage is massive. Nutritional factors, in particular, food antioxidants, have attracted much interest because of their potential use in new preventive, protective, and therapeutic strategies for chronic degenerative diseases, including skin inflammation and cancer. Some polyphenols, present in virgin olive oil, well tolerated by organism after oral administration, show a variety of pharmacological and clinical benefits such as anti-oxidant, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, and neuro-protective activities...
September 18, 2017: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045235/the-aqueous-tuber-extract-of-pueraria-tuberosa-willd-d-c-caused-cytotoxic-effect-on-ht-29-cell-lines-with-down-regulation-of-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb
#4
Adeolu Alex Adedapo, Olusegun A Fagbohun, Christianah Dawurung, Ademola Adetokunbo Oyagbemi, Temidayo Olutayo Omobowale, Momoh Audu Yakubu
Background Pueraria tuberosa (Willd) D.C. (Fabaceae) tubers are already used in traditional medicine by Ayurvedic physicians for the management of fertility disorders, general weakness, and also as anti-ageing therapies. Other known pharmacological properties include: anti-hyperglycemics, hepatoprotective, anti-hyperlipidemic, diuretic, nutritive, and anti-fertility agents in male rats. Methods The anti-proliferative effect of the aqueous tuberous root extract of Pueraria tuberosa on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and Human Colorectal Adenocarcinoma Cell lines (HT-29) was investigated using the Cell Titer 96 MTT Proliferation Assay where the viable cells were seeded at a density of 5 × 104 (100 µL/well)...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043346/anti-obesity-molecular-mechanism-of-soy-isoflavones-weaving-the-way-to-new-therapeutic-routes
#5
REVIEW
Siyu Wang, Yu Wang, Min-Hsiung Pan, Chi-Tang Ho
Obesity is ringing alarm bells globally. Advances in food science and nutrition research have been devoted to identifying food components that exert anti-obesity effects, as well as investigating the molecular mechanisms by which they modulate the progression of obesity. Soy foods have attracted much interest as high-protein components of the human diet and as unique sources of isoflavones. As they have similar chemical structures to endogenous estrogens, isoflavones are believed to interact with intracellular estrogen receptors, which results in reductions in the accumulation of lipids and the distribution of adipose tissue...
October 18, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033850/designing-dietary-recommendations-using-system-level-interactomics-analysis-and-network-based-inference
#6
Tingting Zheng, Yueqiong Ni, Jun Li, Billy K C Chow, Gianni Panagiotou
Background: A range of computational methods that rely on the analysis of genome-wide expression datasets have been developed and successfully used for drug repositioning. The success of these methods is based on the hypothesis that introducing a factor (in this case, a drug molecule) that could reverse the disease gene expression signature will lead to a therapeutic effect. However, it has also been shown that globally reversing the disease expression signature is not a prerequisite for drug activity. On the other hand, the basic idea of significant anti-correlation in expression profiles could have great value for establishing diet-disease associations and could provide new insights into the role of dietary interventions in disease...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031211/cyanidin-3-o-glucoside-inhibits-the-uvb-induced-ros-cox-2-pathway-in-hacat-cells
#7
Yong He, Yunfeng Hu, Xinwei Jiang, Tianfeng Chen, Yuetang Ma, Shi Wu, Jianxia Sun, Rui Jiao, Xiaoling Li, Liehua Deng, Weibin Bai
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sunlight, especially UVB (290-320nm), is one of the most important environmental factors that destroys the integrity of the skin and causes epidermal cell apoptosis, potentially even leading to skin cancer. UVB irradiation can cause skin damage by stimulating inflammatory and apoptotic pathways. Anthocyanins are flavonoids that are common in many vegetable foods, and have also demonstrated chemopreventive effects. Cyanidin-3-O-glucoside, as a typical anthocyanin, exhibits anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987361/comparative-effect-of-horse-gram-and-black-gram-on-inflammatory-mediators-and-antioxidant-status
#8
Vrinda Rajagopal, Chithra K Pushpan, Helen Antony
A balanced diet is important for the overall wellbeing of an individual. Pulses are an important part of a nutritive diet. Pulses have been consumed for at least 10,000 years and are among the most extensively used foods in the world. They are a rich source of protein and fiber, as well as a significant source of vitamins and minerals, such as iron, zinc, and magnesium. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of two pulses, horse gram and black gram, on inflammatory mediators and the antioxidant enzymes...
October 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984835/dietary-inflammatory-index-and-cardiometabolic-risk-parameters-in-overweight-and-sedentary-subjects
#9
Claudia Marcela Camargo-Ramos, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, María Correa-Rodríguez, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
Nutrition has been established as a relevant factor in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We aimed to investigate the relationship between the dietary inflammatory index (DII) and cardiometabolic risk parameters in a cohort of 90 overweight and sedentary adults from Bogotá, Colombia. A 24-h dietary record was used to calculate the DII. Body composition variables, flow-mediated dilation (FMD), pulse wave velocity (PWV), lipid profile, glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin (Hb1Ac), and blood pressure were measured and a cardiometabolic risk score (MetScore) was calculated...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975646/effects-of-bacillus-fermentation-on-the-protein-microstructure-and-anti-nutritional-factors-of-soybean-meal
#10
Li Zheng, Da Li, Zhuolin Li, Lining Kang, Yuanyuan Jiang, Xiangying Liu, Yanping Chi, Yuqiu Li, Jinghui Wang
The present study evaluated the effects of Bacillus fermentation on soybean meal protein (SBMP) microstructure and major ANFs in SBM. The B. siamensis isolate JL8 producing high yield of protease at 519.1U g(-1) was selected for the laboratory production of fermented soybean meal (FSBM). After 24 h fermentation, the FSBM showed better properties compared with those of soybean meal (SBM), the anti-nutritional factors (ANFs) such as glycinin, β-conglycinin and trypsin inhibitor (TI) significantly decreased by 86...
October 4, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950693/the-effects-of-two-different-multivitamins-on-aging-mice
#11
Su-Xi Wu, Xiao-Miao Han, Xue-Wei Jiang, Jun Tao
Investigating anti-aging factors that is more effective than antioxidants has important theoretical significance and application value. In search for nutritional ingredients that are more effective in anti-aging, two different multivitamins (multivitamin-1 at a dose of 2.5 mg/kg BW/day; multivitamin-2 at a dose of 5.4 mg/kg BW/day) were administered to aging mice (N = 40) induced by D-galactose. The content or activity of the biochemical components associated with aging and anti-aging in the brain and the liver of the experimental mice was then determined for analysis of statistically significant difference among the groups...
October 31, 2017: Chinese Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933366/the-role-of-the-mapk-signaling-topoisomerase-and-dietary-bioactives-in-controlling-cancer-incidence
#12
REVIEW
Khaled A Selim, Hend Abdelrasoul, Mohamed Aboelmagd, Ahmed M Tawila
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are common products of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation, xenobiotics metabolism and are generated in response to several environmental stress conditions. Some of them play important biochemical roles in cellular signal transduction and gene transcription. On the other hand, ROS are known to be involved in a wide range of human diseases, including cancer. The excessive production of such ROS together with disruption of homeostasis detoxifying mechanisms can mediate a series of cellular oxidative stresses...
April 26, 2017: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926471/role-of-fat-soluble-vitamins-in-osteoarthritis-management
#13
Xiao-Yan Zheng, Jun Liang, Yu-Sheng Li, Min Tu
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic degenerative joint disease, in which metabolic imbalance in bone is observed. The pathological mechanism of metabolic imbalance is not clear yet, but the nutritional factors, particularly the vitamins, might be intrinsic to the development and progression of OA. In this review article, we have explored databases such as PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar articles until the beginning of 2017 and reviewed the role of fat-soluble vitamins in pathological and therapeutic aspects of OA...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915796/correlates-of-isoniazid-preventive-therapy-failure-in-child-household-contacts-with-infectious-tuberculosis-in-high-burden-settings-in-nairobi-kenya-a-cohort-study
#14
Florence Nafula Okwara, John Paul Oyore, Fred Nabwire Were, Samson Gwer
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa continues to document high pediatric tuberculosis (TB) burden, especially among the urban poor. One recommended preventive strategy involves tracking and isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) for children under 5 years in close contact with infectious TB. However, sub-optimal effectiveness has been documented in diverse settings. We conducted a study to elucidate correlates to IPT strategy failure in children below 5 years in high burden settings. METHODS: A prospective longitudinal cohort study was done in informal settlings in Nairobi, where children under 5 years in household contact with recently diagnosed smear positive TB adults were enrolled...
September 16, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911649/long-chain-bases-from-sea-cucumber-mitigate-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-and-inflammation-in-obesity-mice
#15
Shiwei Hu, Jinhui Wang, Jingfeng Wang, Changhu Xue, Yuming Wang
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and inflammation can induce hyperglycemia. Long-chain bases (LCBs) from sea cucumber exhibit antihyperglycemic activities. However, their effects on ER stress and inflammation are unknown. We investigated the effects of LCBs on ER stress and inflammatory response in high-fat, fructose diet-induced obesity mice. Reactive oxygen species and free fatty acids were measured. Inflammatory cytokines in serum and their mRNA expressions in epididymal adipose tissues were investigated...
July 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910791/inflammation-and-protein-energy-wasting-in-the-uremic-milieu
#16
Magdalena Jankowska, Gabriela Cobo, Bengt Lindholm, Peter Stenvinkel
Inflammation is normally a protective and physiological response to harmful stimuli, but typically becomes an uncontrolled, maladaptive, and persistent process in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Through a deleterious cascade of poorly controlled reactions mediated by biologically active molecules (also called middle molecular weight uremia retention solutes), inflammation associates with a range of complications including cardiovascular disease and protein-energy wasting (PEW). Persistent inflammation, which is central to the conceptual etiological models of PEW and the malnutrition, inflammation, and atherosclerosis syndrome, induces and reignites processes leading to PEW in a number of ways including stimulation of both direct and indirect mechanisms of muscle proteolysis...
2017: Contributions to Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900017/omega-3-fatty-acids-and-inflammatory-processes-from-molecules-to-man
#17
REVIEW
Philip C Calder
Inappropriate, excessive or uncontrolled inflammation contributes to a range of human diseases. Inflammation involves a multitude of cell types, chemical mediators and interactions. The present article will describe nutritional and metabolic aspects of omega-6 (n-6) and omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids and explain the roles of bioactive members of those fatty acid families in inflammatory processes. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are n-3 fatty acids found in oily fish and fish oil supplements...
October 15, 2017: Biochemical Society Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898883/anti-inflammatory-nutrition-and-successful-ageing-in-elderly-individuals-the-multinational-medis-study
#18
Stefanos Tyrovolas, Josep Maria Haro, Alexandra Foscolou, Dimitra Tyrovola, Anargiros Mariolis, Vassiliki Bountziouka, Suzanne Piscopo, Giuseppe Valacchi, Foteini Anastasiou, Efthimios Gotsis, George Metallinos, Natassa Papairakleous, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Antonia-Leda Matalas, Christos Lionis, Akis Zeimbekis, Josep-Antoni Tur, Labros S Sidossis, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos
BACKGROUND: The role of diet and inflammation in successful ageing is not transparent, and as such, is still being investigated. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the inflammatory potential of dietary habits in the successful ageing of a random sample of older adults living in the Mediterranean basin and who participated in the MEDIS (MEDiterranean ISlands) study. METHODS: During 2005-2016, 3,128 older adults (aged 65-100 years) from 24 Mediterranean islands and the rural Mani region (Peloponnesus) of Greece were enrolled in the study...
September 9, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884400/nutrition-and-aging-a-practicing-oncologist-s-perspective
#19
REVIEW
Rishi Jain, Efrat Dotan
Malnutrition is common in patients with cancer and is associated with a variety of negative outcomes. These can include reduced treatment tolerance and worsened cancer prognosis. Various aspects of aging, including sensory, physical, or psychosocial changes, place older patients at a particularly high risk for malnutrition, and these geriatric factors must be identified early and addressed. Despite the lack of available evidence on the optimal nutritional interventions for older adults with cancer, the oncologist must be prepared to address the common nutritional concerns that arise in both advanced cancer and survivorship settings...
September 7, 2017: Current Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884295/dietary-patterns-nutrition-knowledge-lifestyle-and-health-related-quality-of-life-associations-with-anti-hypertension-medication-adherence-in-a-sample-of-australian-adults
#20
Saman Khalesi, Christopher Irwin, Jing Sun
INTRODUCTION: Poor anti-hypertension medication (AHT) adherence can increase disease costs and adverse outcomes. Hypertensive individuals who have a better nutrition knowledge may lead a healthier lifestyle, have a better health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and greater confidence to change behaviour. On this basis, they may have better treatment adherence. AIM: To explore the association between the above-mentioned variables and AHT adherence in a group of Australian adults with high blood pressure (BP) in a cross-sectional clinical and community-based study...
September 7, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
keyword
keyword
103452
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"