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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316262/tribute-to-dr-jacques-rogge-muscle-activity-and-fatigue-during-hiking-in-olympic-dinghy-sailing
#1
Jan G Bourgois, Jasmien Dumortier, Margot Callewaert, Bert Celie, Carlo Capelli, Gisela Sjøgaard, Dirk De Clercq, Jan Boone
'A tribute to Dr J. Rogge' aims to systematically review muscle activity and muscle fatigue during sustained submaximal quasi-isometric knee extension exercise (hiking) related to Olympic dinghy sailing as a tribute to Dr Rogge's merits in the world of sports. Dr Jacques Rogge is not only the former President of the International Olympic Committee, he was also an orthopaedic surgeon and a keen sailor, competing at three Olympic Games. In 1972, in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master in Sports Medicine, he was the first who studied a sailors' muscle activity by means of invasive needle electromyography (EMG) during a specific sailing technique (hiking) on a self-constructed sailing ergometer...
March 19, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298051/a-systematic-review-and-appraisal-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-musculoskeletal-soft-tissue-injuries-and-conditions
#2
Daniel Pincus, John E Kuhn, Ujash Sheth, Katie Rizzone, Kristi Colbenson, Tim Dwyer, Ashley Karpinos, Paul H Marks, David Wasserstein
BACKGROUND: Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are published by several sports medicine institutions. A systematic evaluation can help identify the highest quality CPGs for clinical use and identify any deficiencies that remain. PURPOSE: To identify and appraise CPGs relevant to clinical sports medicine professionals. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: Predetermined selection criteria were utilized by 2 reviewers who independently identified published CPGs before January 1, 2014...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282478/the-relationship-between-muscular-strength-and-dance-injuries-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
João P Moita, Alexandre Nunes, José Esteves, Raul Oliveira, Luis Xarez
BACKGROUND: The physical demands placed on dancers put them at significant risk for injury, with rates similar to ones sustained by athletes in sports at the same level of performance. Muscle strength has been suggested to play a preventative role against injury in dancers. OBJECTIVE: To systematically search and examine the available evidence on the protective role of muscle strength in dance injuries. METHODS: Five electronic databases and two dance-specific science publications were screened up to September 2015...
March 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282354/diagnostic-evaluation-of-nontraumatic-chest-pain-in-athletes
#4
Byron Moran, Sean Bryan, Ted Farrar, Chris Salud, Gary Visser, Raymond Decuba, Deborah Renelus, Tyler Buckley, Michael Dressing, Nicholas Peterkin, Eric Coris
This article is a clinically relevant review of the existing medical literature relating to the assessment and diagnostic evaluation for athletes complaining of nontraumatic chest pain. The literature was searched using the following databases for the years 1975 forward: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; CINAHL; PubMed (MEDLINE); and SportDiscus. The general search used the keywords chest pain and athletes. The search was revised to include subject headings and subheadings, including chest pain and prevalence and athletes...
March 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282353/the-use-of-echocardiograms-in-preparticipation-examinations
#5
Caroline Lucas, Deanna L Kerkhof, Jacilyn E Briggs, Gianmichel D Corrado
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the leading cause of death during exercise in young athletes. Preparticipation physical examinations were developed to maintain the health and safety of athletes, including the prompt identification of those at risk for SCD. The use of medical history and physical examinations, electrocardiography, and echocardiography, or some combination thereof, is the source of continued debate. This article provides an overview of the etiology of SCD and reviews literature relating to preparticipation echocardiography, with a focus on its evolution, utility, and effectiveness...
March 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276990/how-are-we-measuring-clinically-important-outcome-for-operative-treatments-in-sports-medicine
#6
Benedict U Nwachukwu, R Scott Runyon, Cynthia A Kahlenberg, Elizabeth B Gausden, William W Schairer, Answorth A Allen
OBJECTIVES: Minimal clinically important difference (MCID) and other measures of minimum clinical importance are increasingly recognized as important clinical considerations for evaluating the efficacy of an intervention. As our interpretation of clinical outcome evolves beyond statistical significance, psychometric properties such as MCID will be increasingly important to various stakeholders in the orthopaedic community. The purpose of this study was to: 1) describe the state of clinically important outcome reporting and 2) describe the methods used to derive these psychometric values for sports medicine patients undergoing operative treatments...
February 23, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271806/cardiovascular-physiology-and-disease-in-youth-2016
#7
Thomas Rowland
The two articles in the area of cardiovascular physiology and disease in youth were chosen for commentary because of their exploration of new approaches to the diagnosis and management of cardiovascular derangements in young persons. The first, by Hinds et al., describes the potential clinical importance of detection of cardiovascular changes during exercise testing in adolescent athletes following concussions. This approach might prove useful in establishing safe return-to-play guidelines. The second, a review article by Van De Schoor et al, evaluates the frequency of myocardial scarring in athletes, some of adolescent age, which is a recognized risk factor for sudden cardiac death...
February 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270378/assessing-the-quality-of-mobile-exercise-apps-based-on-the-american-college-of-sports-medicine-guidelines-a-reliable-and-valid-scoring-instrument
#8
Yi Guo, Jiang Bian, Trevor Leavitt, Heather K Vincent, Lindsey Vander Zalm, Tyler L Teurlings, Megan D Smith, François Modave
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity can not only help with weight management, but also lower cardiovascular risks, cancer rates, and chronic disease burden. Yet, only approximately 20% of Americans currently meet the physical activity guidelines recommended by the US Department of Health and Human Services. With the rapid development of mobile technologies, mobile apps have the potential to improve participation rates in exercise programs, particularly if they are evidence-based and are of sufficient content quality...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223305/eighty-three-per-cent-of-elite-athletes-return-to-preinjury-sport-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-of-return-to-sport-rates-graft-rupture-rates-and-performance-outcomes
#9
REVIEW
Courtney C H Lai, Clare L Ardern, Julian A Feller, Kate E Webster
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to calculate the rate of return to sport (RTS) following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in elite athletes. Secondary objectives were to estimate the time taken to RTS, calculate rates of ACL graft rupture, evaluate postsurgical athletic performance and identify determinants of RTS. DESIGN: Pooled RTS and graft rupture rates were calculated using random effects proportion meta-analysis. Time to RTS, performance data and determinants of RTS were synthesised descriptively...
February 21, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218878/imaging-of-muscle-injuries-in-sports-medicine-sports-imaging-series
#10
Ali Guermazi, Frank W Roemer, Philip Robinson, Johannes L Tol, Ravindar R Regatte, Michel D Crema
In sports-related muscle injuries, the main goal of the sports medicine physician is to return the athlete to competition-balanced against the need to prevent the injury from worsening or recurring. Prognosis based on the available clinical and imaging information is crucial. Imaging is crucial to confirm and assess the extent of sports-related muscle injuries and may help to guide management, which directly affects the prognosis. This is especially important when the diagnosis or grade of injury is unclear, when recovery is taking longer than expected, and when interventional or surgical management may be necessary...
March 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213754/low-energy-availability-menstrual-dysfunction-and-low-bone-mineral-density-in-individuals-with-a-disability-implications-for-the-para-athlete-population
#11
REVIEW
Cheri A Blauwet, Emily M Brook, Adam S Tenforde, Elizabeth Broad, Caroline H Hu, Eliza Abdu-Glass, Elizabeth G Matzkin
Low energy availability, functional hypothalamic amenorrhea, and low bone mineral density are three interrelated conditions described in athletic women. Although described as the female athlete triad (Triad), males experience similar health concerns. The literature suggests that individuals with a disability may experience altered physiology related to these three conditions when compared with the able-bodied population. The goal of this review is to describe the unique implications of low energy availability, low bone mineral density, and, in females, menstrual dysfunction in individuals with a disability and their potential impact on the para athlete population...
February 17, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203601/accredited-orthopaedic-sports-medicine-fellowship-websites-an-updated-assessment-of-accessibility-and-content
#12
Michael Yayac, Mitra Javandal, Mary K Mulcahey
BACKGROUND: A substantial number of orthopaedic surgeons apply for sports medicine fellowships after residency completion. The Internet is one of the most important resources applicants use to obtain information about fellowship programs, with the program website serving as one of the most influential sources. The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (AOSSM), San Francisco Match (SFM), and Arthroscopy Association of North America (AANA) maintain databases of orthopaedic sports medicine fellowship programs...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199800/preventive-biomechanics
#13
Timothy E Hewett, Nathaniel A Bates
BACKGROUND: Preventive medicine techniques have alleviated billions of dollars' worth of the economic burden in the medical care system through the implementation of vaccinations and screenings before the onset of disease symptoms. Knowledge of biomechanical tendencies has progressed rapidly over the past 20 years such that clinicians can identify, in healthy athletes, the underlying mechanisms that lead to catastrophic injuries such as anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures. As such, preventive medicine concepts can be applied to noncontact musculoskeletal injuries to reduce the economic burden of sports medicine treatments and enhance the long-term health of athletes...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197894/anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-mr-imaging-findings
#14
REVIEW
M Zappia, R Capasso, D Berritto, N Maggialetti, C Varelli, G D'Agosto, M T Martino, M Carbone, L Brunese
More than two million people tear their anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) each year, and ACL reconstruction occupies a significant proportion of everyday orthopedic practice, being one of the most commonly performed sports medicine surgical procedures. Patients with postoperative symptoms are frequently imaged to monitor ligament grafts and to identify complications. Given the number of patients undergoing ACL reconstruction, knowledge of the potential complications of this surgery is essential for radiologists...
February 14, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194375/rehabilitation-of-hamstring-muscle-injuries-a-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
Gabriel Amorim Ramos, Gustavo Gonçalves Arliani, Diego Costa Astur, Alberto de Castro Pochini, Benno Ejnisman, Moisés Cohen
Hamstring injuries are among the most frequent in sports. The high relapse rate is a challenge for sports medicine and has a great impact on athletes and sport teams. The treatment goal is to provide the athlete the same functional level as before the injury. Thus, functional rehabilitation is very important to the success of the treatment. Currently, several physical therapy modalities are used, according to the stage of the lesion, such as cryotherapy, laser therapy, therapeutic ultrasound, therapeutic exercise, and manual therapy...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173930/methodology-for-astronaut-reconditioning-research
#16
David J Beard, Jonathan A Cook
Space medicine offers some unique challenges, especially in terms of research methodology. A specific challenge for astronaut reconditioning involves identification of what aspects of terrestrial research methodology hold and which require modification. This paper reviews this area and presents appropriate solutions where possible. It is concluded that spaceflight rehabilitation research should remain question/problem driven and is broadly similar to the terrestrial equivalent on small populations, such as rare diseases and various sports...
January 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165873/overuse-physeal-injuries-in-youth-athletes
#17
Amanda Arnold, Charles A Thigpen, Paul F Beattie, Michael J Kissenberth, Ellen Shanley
CONTEXT: Despite rising awareness of the risks associated with sports participation, overuse injuries continue to increase in youth athlete populations. Physeal injuries are one type of overuse injury exclusive to pediatric populations that are often sustained during athletic practice or competition. Overuse physeal injuries are, in theory, preventable; however, little consensus has been reached surrounding the risk factors, prevention, and treatment strategies. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review summarizes the best available evidence concerning overuse physeal injuries in youth and adolescent athletes...
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138915/evaluation-of-internet-based-patient-education-materials-from-internal-medicine-subspecialty-organizations-will-patients-understand-them
#18
David R Hansberry, Nitin Agarwal, Elizabeth S John, Ann M John, Prateek Agarwal, James C Reynolds, Stephen R Baker
The majority of Americans use the Internet daily, if not more often, and many search online for health information to better understand a diagnosis they have been given or to research treatment options. The average American reads at an eighth-grade level. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the readability of online patient education materials on the websites of 14 professional organizations representing the major internal medicine subspecialties. We used ten well-established quantitative readability scales to assess written text from patient education materials published on the websites of the major professional organizations representing the following subspecialty groups: allergy and immunology, cardiology, endocrinology, gastroenterology, geriatrics, hematology, hospice and palliative care, infectious disease, nephrology, oncology, pulmonology and critical care, rheumatology, sleep medicine, and sports medicine...
January 30, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130032/publication-rates-of-podium-presentation-abstracts-at-the-arthroscopy-association-of-north-america-annual-meetings-2004-2012
#19
Jason D Lehman, Benedict U Nwachukwu, Richard Ferraro, Brian J Rebolledo, Eric C Makhni, Nikhil N Verma, Lawrence V Gulotta
PURPOSE: To determine the publication rates of podium presentation abstracts at the Arthroscopy Association of North America (AANA) annual scientific meetings from 2004 to 2012. METHODS: A database of podium presentation abstracts at the annual meetings of the AANA was compiled. Abstract presentations that reached manuscript publication were determined by a PubMed search of the MEDLINE database and Google Scholar. The journal and publication date were then recorded for all identified published abstracts...
January 24, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093372/does-trainee-involvement-in-fluoroscopic-injections-affect-fluoroscopic-time-immediate-pain-reduction-and-complication%C3%A2-rate
#20
Daniel Cushman, Masaru Teramoto, Bradley Curtis, David T Lee, Austin Marcolina, Zachary McCormick
BACKGROUND: Patients have expressed concern about undergoing procedures involving trainees, even with direct attending physician supervision. Little literature has examined the effect of trainee involvement on patient outcomes. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the effect of trainee involvement on patient complications, immediate pain reduction, and fluoroscopic time for different fluoroscopic injection types. DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Four academic outpatient institutions with Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)-accredited residency (physical medicine and rehabilitation, or anesthesiology) or fellowship (sports medicine or pain medicine) programs from 2000 to 2015...
January 16, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
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