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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646217/why-do-physicians-lack-engagement-with-smoking-cessation-treatment-in-their-copd-patients-a-multinational-qualitative-study
#1
Eva Anne Marije van Eerd, Mette Bech Risør, Mark Spigt, Maciek Godycki-Cwirko, Elena Andreeva, Nick Francis, Anja Wollny, Hasse Melbye, Onno van Schayck, Daniel Kotz
Smoking cessation is the only effective intervention to slow down the accelerated decline in lung function in smokers with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Nevertheless, physicians often do not routinely provide evidence-based smoking cessation treatment to their patients. To understand underlying reasons, we explored how physicians engage in smoking cessation treatment in their chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. In total, 21 focus group discussions were held with general practitioners and pulmonologists in seven different countries in Europe and Asia...
June 23, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644822/the-effect-of-a-lay-led-group-based-self-management-program-for-patients-with-chronic-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-danish-version-of-the-chronic-pain-self-management-programme
#2
Mimi Mehlsen, Lea Hegaard, Eva Ørnbøl, Jens Søndergaard Jensen, Per Fink, Lisbeth Frostholm
The Stanford Chronic Pain Self-Management Programme (CPSMP) consists of six 2½-hour weekly workshops focusing on how to manage pain in daily life. The workshops are facilitated by two workshop leaders of whom at least one must suffer from a long-term pain condition. The program is highly structured and manualized. Only few controlled trials testing the effect of CPSMP exist.Enrolled in the study were 424 adults from 19 Danish municipalities, (72% women; age: 25-93 years) with pain of any etiology and great variation in pain history (0-50 yrs)...
June 22, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639841/effects-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-on-symptoms-and-signs-in-chronic-heart-failure-a-feasibility-study
#3
Jonna Norman, Michael Fu, Inger Ekman, Lena Björck, Kristin Falk
AIMS: Despite treatment recommended by guidelines, many patients with chronic heart failure remain symptomatic. Evidence is accumulating that mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have beneficial psychological and physiological effects. The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of MBI on symptoms and signs in patients with chronic heart failure in outpatient clinical settings. METHODS: A prospective feasibility study. Fifty stable but symptomatic patients with chronic heart failure, despite optimized guideline-recommended treatment, were enrolled at baseline...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627076/supportive-housing-for-chronically-homeless-individuals-challenges-and-opportunities-for-providers-in-chicago-usa
#4
Katherine Quinn, Julia Dickson-Gomez, Kelly Nowicki, Amy K Johnson, Arturo V Bendixen
Chronically homeless individuals often have extensive health, mental health and psychosocial needs that pose barriers to obtaining and maintain supportive housing. This study aims to qualitatively explore supportive housing providers' experiences and challenges with housing chronically homeless individuals and examine opportunities to improve supportive housing systems of care. In 2014, we conducted qualitative in-depth interviews with 65 programme administrators and case managers of supportive housing programmes in Chicago, IL...
June 18, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582981/professional-nurses-perceptions-and-experiences-with-the-implementation-of-an-integrated-chronic-care-model-at-primary-healthcare-clinics-in-south-africa
#5
Ozayr H Mahomed, Shaidah Asmall
BACKGROUND: An integrated chronic disease management model has been implemented across primary healthcare clinics in order to transform the delivery of services for patients with chronic diseases. The sustainability and rapid scale-up of the model is dependent on positive staff perceptions and experiences. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine the perceptions and experiences of professional nurses with the integrated chronic care model that has been implemented...
May 23, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553315/improving-ckd-diagnosis-and-blood-pressure-control-in-primary-care-a-tailored-multifaceted-quality-improvement-programme
#6
John Humphreys, Gill Harvey, Janet Hegarty
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide public health issue. From 2009 to 2014, the National Institute for Health Research Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care Greater Manchester (NIHR CLAHRC GM) in England ran 4 phased, 12-month quality improvement (QI) projects with 49 primary care practices in GM. Two measureable aims were set - halve undiagnosed CKD in participating practices using modelled estimates of prevalence; and optimise blood pressure (BP) control (<140/90 mm Hg in CKD patients without proteinuria; <130/80 mm Hg in CKD patients with proteinuria) for 75% of recorded cases of CKD...
January 2017: Nephron Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546268/home-based-maintenance-tele-rehabilitation-reduces-the-risk-for-acute-exacerbations-of-copd-hospitalisations-and-emergency-department-visits
#7
Maroula Vasilopoulou, Andriana I Papaioannou, Georgios Kaltsakas, Zafeiris Louvaris, Nikolaos Chynkiamis, Stavroula Spetsioti, Eleni Kortianou, Sofia Antiopi Genimata, Anastasios Palamidas, Konstantinos Kostikas, Nikolaos G Koulouris, Ioannis Vogiatzis
Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) remains grossly underutilised by suitable patients worldwide. We investigated whether home-based maintenance tele-rehabilitation will be as effective as hospital-based maintenance rehabilitation and superior to usual care in reducing the risk for acute chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations, hospitalisations and emergency department (ED) visits.Following completion of an initial 2-month PR programme this prospective, randomised controlled trial (between December 2013 and July 2015) compared 12 months of home-based maintenance tele-rehabilitation (n=47) with 12 months of hospital-based, outpatient, maintenance rehabilitation (n=50) and also to 12 months of usual care treatment (n=50) without initial PR...
May 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531281/standard-vs-intensified-management-of-heart-failure-to-reduce-healthcare-costs-results-of-a-multicentre-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
P A Scuffham, J Ball, J D Horowitz, C Wong, P J Newton, P Macdonald, J McVeigh, A Rischbieth, N Emanuele, M J Carrington, C M Reid, Y K Chan, S Stewart
Aims: To determine if an intensified form of heart failure management programme (INT-HF-MP) based on individual profiling is superior to standard management (SM) in reducing health care costs during 12-month follow-up (primary endpoint). Methods and results: A multicentre randomized trial involving 787 patients (full analysis set) discharged from four tertiary hospitals with chronic HF who were randomized to SM (n = 391) or INT-HF-MP (n = 396). Mean age was 74 ± 12 years, 65% had HF with a reduced ejection fraction (31...
May 20, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513453/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#9
REVIEW
Klaus F Rabe, Henrik Watz
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) kills more than 3 million people worldwide every year. Despite progress in the treatment of symptoms and prevention of acute exacerbations, few advances have been made to ameliorate disease progression or affect mortality. A better understanding of the complex disease mechanisms resulting in COPD is needed. Smoking cessation programmes, increasing physical activity, and early detection and treatment of comorbidities are further key components to reduce the burden of the disease...
May 13, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508767/biopsychosocial-rehabilitation-programme-for-patients-with-chronic-back-pain-pilot-study
#10
Anna Cabak, Agnieszka Rudnicka, Leszek Kulej, Wiesław Tomaszewski
BACKGROUND: In the search for effective and comprehensive therapies of back pain, an increasing emphasis in being placed on the biopsychosocial model and multidimensional support programmes for patients as well the use of modern technologies in this area of medicine. This study aimed to assess a programme of customised ad hoc physiotherapeutic consultations for patients with back pain who had been on the waiting list for rehabilitation treatment for a long time. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The study group comprised 68 patients of the Rehabilitation Centre Non-Public Health Care Institution who had been waiting for rehabilitation treatment for at least three months...
April 12, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490558/health-status-and-needs-of-cancer-survivors-attending-the-sydney-survivorship-centre-clinics-and-programmes-a-protocol-for-longitudinal-evaluation-of-the-centre-s-services
#11
Janette L Vardy, Cindy Tan, Jane D Turner, Haryana Dhillon
INTRODUCTION: The care of cancer survivors after primary adjuvant treatment is recognised as a distinct phase of the cancer journey. Recent research highlights the importance of lifestyle factors in treating symptoms, potentially decreasing risk of a cancer recurrence and modifying the risk of developing other chronic illnesses that are increased in the cancer population. Survivorship services aim to deliver care that addresses these issues. The overall aims are to determine the health status of cancer survivors and to evaluate the services offered by the Sydney Survivorship Centre (SSC)...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486670/economic-evaluation-of-a-pre-esrd-pay-for-performance-programme-in-advanced-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#12
Hui-Min Hsieh, Ming-Yen Lin, Yi-Wen Chiu, Ping-Hsun Wu, Li-Jeng Cheng, Feng-Shiuan Jian, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Shang-Jyh Hwang
Background: The National Health Insurance Administration in Taiwan initiated a nationwide pre-end-stage renal disease (ESRD) pay-for-performance (P4P) programme at the end of 2006 to improve quality of care for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. This study aimed to examine this programme's effect on patients' clinical outcomes and its cost-effectiveness among advanced CKD patients. Methods: We conducted a longitudinal observational matched cohort study using two nationwide population-based datasets...
November 10, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477328/can-chronic-disease-be-managed-through-integrated-care-cost-effectively-evidence-from-a-systematic-review
#13
J Cronin, A Murphy, E Savage
BACKGROUND: The increase in demand for integrated care models to manage chronic disease is a challenge for the Irish health system, which is traditionally organised around the acute hospital services. Implementing integrated care programmes requires significant investment, and thus, their economic impact requires consideration. AIMS: This paper updates the previous evidence on the cost-effectiveness of integrated care programmes to support the development of a cost-effective integrated care programme for chronic disease management...
May 5, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468749/self-management-support-using-a-digital-health-system-compared-with-usual-care-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Andrew Farmer, Veronika Williams, Carmelo Velardo, Syed Ahmar Shah, Ly-Mee Yu, Heather Rutter, Louise Jones, Nicola Williams, Carl Heneghan, Jonathan Price, Maxine Hardinge, Lionel Tarassenko
BACKGROUND: We conducted a randomized controlled trial of a digital health system supporting clinical care through monitoring and self-management support in community-based patients with moderate to very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of a fully automated Internet-linked, tablet computer-based system of monitoring and self-management support (EDGE' sElf-management anD support proGrammE) in improving quality of life and clinical outcomes...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462741/medicines-reablement-in-intermediate-health-and-social-care-services
#15
Kate Gerrish, Sara Laker, Sarah Wright, Wendy Stainrod
Aim To evaluate a medicines reablement initiative involving health and social care, to include consideration of the training package, proportion of patients reabled successfully, and patient and staff perspectives of the service. BACKGROUND: Intermediate care services provide short-term intervention to support patients with chronic conditions transition from hospital to community-based services and involves maximising patients' independence through reablement. The term 'medicines reablement' describes the process of rehabilitating patients to be independent with their medication...
May 2, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452560/effects-of-a-cardiac-rehabilitation-programme-on-plasma-cardiac-biomarkers-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#16
Gilles Billebeau, Nicolas Vodovar, Malha Sadoune, Jean-Marie Launay, Florence Beauvais, Alain Cohen-Solal
Background Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) improves the symptoms, exercise capacity and quality of life of chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. Its effects on new plasma biomarkers of prognostic importance are unknown. The present study aimed at analysing the effects of a structured CR programme on plasma cardiac biomarkers in a large population of patients with CHF and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Methods We enrolled 107 consecutive CHF patients with LVEF ≤ 45% in an ambulatory CR programme...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449953/detection-of-colonization-by-carbapenem-resistant-organisms-by-real-time-polymerase-chain-reaction-from-rectal-swabs-in-patients-with-chronic-renal-disease
#17
T F T Rezende, A M Doi, M G Quiles, A C C Pignatari, S Manfrendi, C Grothe, M Taminato, D A Barbosa
BACKGROUND: Carbapenem-resistant organism (CRO) colonization is a serious problem that increases the risk of infection and contributes to dissemination of antimicrobial resistance in healthcare-associated environments. The risk of acquisition and dissemination of CRO is high in chronic renal failure patients and the surveillance culture is recommended as a component of infection control programmes. AIM: To assess colonization by CRO, comparing phenotypic and molecular-based methods of diagnostics, in rectal swabs in a large population of chronic renal failure patients...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449618/telerehabilitation-after-arthroscopic-subacromial-decompression-is-effective-and-not-inferior-to-standard-practice-preliminary-results
#18
Jose Manuel Pastora-Bernal, Rocío Martín-Valero, Francisco Javier Barón-López, Noelia Guerrero Moyano, María-José Estebanez-Pérez
Background Telerehabilitation promises to improve quality, increase patient access and reduce costs in health care. Physiotherapy with exercises is generally recommended to restore function after surgery in patients with chronic subacromial syndrome. Relatively few studies have investigated the feasibility of telerehabilitation interventions in musculoskeletal and orthopaedic disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of a customizable telerehabilitation intervention and compare with traditional care...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448576/management-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-at-a-primary-health-clinic-in-the-high-burden-context-of-karachi-pakistan
#19
Yuely A Capileno, Rafael Van den Bergh, Dmytro Donchunk, Sven Gudmund Hinderaker, Saeed Hamid, Rosa Auat, Gul Ghuttai Khalid, Razia Fatima, Aashifa Yaqoob, Catherine Van Overloop
BACKGROUND: The burden of hepatitis C (HCV) infection in Pakistan is among the highest in the world, with a reported national HCV prevalence of 6.7% in 2014. In specific populations, such as in urban communities in Karachi, the prevalence is suspected to be higher. Interferon-free treatment for chronic HCV infection (CHC) could allow scale up, simplification and decentralization of treatment to such communities. We present an interim analysis over the course of February-December 2015 of an interferon-free, decentralised CHC programme in the community clinic in Machar Colony, Karachi, Pakistan...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439911/the-impact-of-an-appointment-based-medication-synchronization-programme-on-chronic-medication-adherence-in-an-adult-community-pharmacy-population
#20
S B Andrews, T R Marcy, B Osborn, L G Planas
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVES: Non-adherence to medication regimens is the primary cause of suboptimal clinical benefit in patients with chronic diseases. The primary objective of this study was to assess and compare adherence to chronic medications among adults participating in Time My Meds (TMM), an appointment-based medication synchronization programme, to patients receiving usual care. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental study that evaluated data from 18 partner community pharmacies in three lower U...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
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