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Chronic care programme

R El Arab, M Sagbakken
Background: This review aims to explore the healthcare needs and access to healthcare services among Syrian refugees in Jordan. Furthermore, it identifies possible ways of responding to such needs within the framework of the structural challenges faced in this particular context. Methods: Through qualitative techniques, this study systematically reviewed nine articles identified in academic and international organizations' databases. Six articles are from scholarly sources, while three are published reports or commentary articles; thus, there are variations in methodological rigour...
June 13, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Goodman Sibeko, Peter D Milligan, Marinda Roelofse, Lezel Molefe, Deborah Jonker, Jonathan Ipser, Crick Lund, Dan J Stein
BACKGROUND: There is a shortage of trained mental health workers in spite of the significant contribution of psychiatric disorders to the global disease burden. Task shifting, through the delegation of health care tasks to less specialised health workers such as community health workers (CHWs), is a promising approach to address the human resource shortage. CHWs in the Western Cape province of South Africa provide comprehensive chronic support which includes that for mental illness, but have thus far not received standardized mental health training...
June 14, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Karoline Stentoft Rybjerg Larsen, Annemette Krintel Petersen, Marianne Lisby, Marie Veje Knudsen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To explore patients' experiences of acute dyspnea, physical functioning, and perspectives on course of illness prior to admission to the emergency department. BACKGROUND: Many emergency admissions are considered unnecessary and avoidable. In this perspective, it seems relevant to gain insight into the patients' perspective on acute dyspnea and the need for emergency admission. However, only few studies have investigated reasons for emergency admission from a patient perspective...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Krystal Song, Bhasker Amatya, Fary Khan
OBJECTIVE: To identify implementation and process issues that influence the implementation of an advance care planning (ACP) programme in rehabilitation settings. METHODS: An ACP programme was established in an inpatient tertiary rehabilitation setting in Victoria, Australia. Rehabilitation patients with chronic illnesses were recruited and the Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation and Maintenance (RE-AIM) framework used. Pre-implementation measures included: patient medical record audit of ACP discussions; and barriers and facilitators analyses...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Celine Hendriks, Marjolein Drent, Marjon Elfferich, Jolanda De Vries
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Fatigue is a problem experienced by many patients suffering from chronic diseases, including sarcoidosis patients. It has a substantial influence on patients' quality of life (QoL). It is, therefore, important to properly assess fatigue with a valid and reliable measure. The Fatigue Assessment Scale (FAS) is the only validated self-reporting instrument classifying fatigue in sarcoidosis. The aim of this review was to examine the psychometric properties of the FAS and the diseases and languages in which it has been used...
June 7, 2018: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
Ana Stoilkova-Hartmann, Frits M E Franssen, Ingrid M L Augustin, Emiel F M Wouters, Katharine D Barnard
BACKGROUND: The art of medicine is undergoing a dramatic shift in focus, evolving to focus on patient involvement as partners in care, transforming the traditional, prescriptive, reactive practice of healthcare into a proactive discipline. The personal and societal burden of chronic diseases is burgeoning and unsustainable in current systems, novel approaches are required to address this. DISCUSSION: Although considerable progress has been made in the development of diagnostics, therapeutics and care guidelines for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), questions remain surrounding the implementation of best practice education and support...
June 1, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
Carola van Dipten, Saskia van Berkel, Wim J C de Grauw, Nynke D Scherpbier-de Haan, Bouke Brongers, Karel van Spaendonck, Jack F M Wetzels, Willem J J Assendelft, Marianne K Dees
BACKGROUND: Guideline adherence in chronic kidney disease management is low, despite guideline implementation initiatives. Knowing general practitioners' (GPs') perspectives of management of early-stage chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the applicability of the national interdisciplinary guideline could support strategies to improve quality of care. METHOD: Qualitative focus group study with 27 GPs in the Netherlands. Three analysts open-coded and comparatively analysed the data...
June 6, 2018: BMC Family Practice
E Gabarron, M Bradway, L Fernandez-Luque, T Chomutare, A H Hansen, R Wynn, E Årsand
BACKGROUND: Participatory health approaches are increasingly drawing attention among the scientific community, and could be used for health promotion programmes on diabetes through social media. The main aim of this project is to research how to best use social media to promote healthy lifestyles with and within the Norwegian population. METHODS: The design of the health promotion intervention (HPI) will be participatory, and will involve both a panel of healthcare experts and social media users following the Norwegian Diabetes Association...
June 5, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Sharon M Parker, Nigel Stocks, Don Nutbeam, Louise Thomas, Elizabeth Denney-Wilson, Nicholas Zwar, Jon Karnon, Jane Lloyd, Manny Noakes, Siaw-Teng Liaw, Annie Lau, Richard Osborne, Mark F Harris
INTRODUCTION: Adults with lower levels of health literacy are less likely to engage in health-promoting behaviours. Our trial evaluates the impacts and outcomes of a mobile health-enhanced preventive intervention in primary care for people who are overweight or obese. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A two-arm pragmatic practice-level cluster randomised trial will be conducted in 40 practices in low socioeconomic areas in Sydney and Adelaide, Australia. Forty patients aged 40-70 years with a body mass index ≥28 kg/m2 will be enrolled per practice...
June 4, 2018: BMJ Open
Burak Kundakci, Anjum Sultana, Alan J Taylor, Mansour Abdullah Alshehri
Background: Dizziness is a non-specific term used by patients to describe several symptoms ranging from true vertigo, light headedness, disorientation or sense of imbalance. Vestibular rehabilitation (VR) is a specific form of exercise-based therapy programme aimed at alleviating the primary and secondary problems of a vestibular pathology. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of exercise-based vestibular rehabilitation in adult patients with chronic dizziness. Methods: The following five databases were searched: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, the Cochrane Library), MEDLINE, PubMed, the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) and Scopus (Elsevier)...
2018: F1000Research
Juan F Orueta, Arturo García-Alvarez, Juan J Aurrekoetxea, Manuel García-Goñi
OBJECTIVE: Predictive statistical models used in population stratification programmes are complex and usually difficult to interpret for primary care professionals. We designed FINGER (Forming and Identifying New Groups of Expected Risks), a new model based on clinical criteria, easy to understand and implement by physicians. Our aim was to assess the ability of FINGER to predict costs and correctly identify patients with high resource use in the following year. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with a 2-year follow-up...
May 31, 2018: BMJ Open
Tina Drud Due, Marius Brostrøm Kousgaard, Frans Boch Waldorff, Thorkil Thorsen
BACKGROUND: Practice facilitation is increasingly used to support guideline implementation and practice development in primary care and there is a need to explore how this implementation approach works in real-life settings. We focus on a facilitation intervention from the perspective of the visited practices to gain a more detailed understanding of how peer facilitation influenced practices and how they valued the facilitation. METHODS: The facilitation intervention was conducted in general practice in the Capital Region of Denmark with the purpose of supporting the implementation of chronic disease management programmes...
May 28, 2018: BMC Family Practice
Luis Alejandro Pérez de Llano
The increasing prevalence of chronic respiratory diseases and the longer survival of patients with these disorders have lead to a rise in the number of individuals in a terminal condition with no chances of responding to additional medication. Nevertheless, this epidemiological fact has not been accompanied by a parallel development of palliative care programmes, and this prevents the patients from receiving optimal medical care to ensure their well-being and to avoid further unnecessary admissions to hospital...
May 22, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
R M R Tulloh, V Garratt, J Tagney, J Turner-Cobb, E Marques, R Greenwood, L Howard, W Gin-Sing, A Barton, P Ewings, P Craggs, W Hollingworth
Background: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is an uncommon condition with progressive heart failure and premature death. Treatment costs up to £120,000 per patient per year, and the psychological burden of PAH is substantial. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is an intervention with the potential to reduce this burden, but to date, it has not been applied to people with pulmonary hypertension. We wished to determine whether a trial of MBSR for people with PAH would be feasible...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Joanna K Anderson, Louise M Wallace
In the United Kingdom, chronic pain affects approximately 28 million adults, creating significant healthcare and socio-economic costs. The aim was to establish whether a programme designed to use best evidence of content and delivery will be used by patients with significant musculoskeletal pain problems. Of 528 patients recruited, 376 participated in a 7-week-long group-based self-management programme (SMP) co-delivered by clinical and lay tutors. Of these, 308 patients (mean age, 53 years; 69% females, 94% White) completed at least five SMP sessions...
May 2018: British Journal of Pain
Geraldine Lee, Jo-Anne Gilroy, Alistair Ritchie, Vimal Grover, Keetje Gull, Pascale Gruber
With a chronic shortage of doctors in intensive care, alternative roles are being explored. One of these is the role of the Advanced Critical Care Practitioner. The Advanced Critical Care Practitioner Curriculum was developed by the Faculty of Intensive Care Medicine and is used to provide a structured programme of training. The Advanced Critical Care Practitioner programme consists of an academic and clinical component. This article outlines a practical approach of how the programme was developed and is currently being delivered at a single institution...
May 2018: Journal of the Intensive Care Society
Chia-Hui Yu, Yi-Chi Chiu, Su-Fen Cheng, Nai-Ying Ko
HIV infection has been a manageable and chronic illness in Taiwan since the highly active antiretroviral therapy was introduced in 1997. HIV infection is a stigmatized disease due to its perceived association with risky behaviors. HIV often carries a negative image, and people living with HIV(PLWH) face discrimination on multiple fronts. Internalized HIV stigma impacts the spiritual health of people living with HIV in terms of increased levels of shame, self-blame, fear of disclosing HIV status, and isolation and decreased value and connections with God, others, the environment, and the self...
June 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Davi Silva Carvalho Curi, Andreia Cristina Leal Figueiredo, Silvia Regina Jamelli
This integrative literature review aimed to analyze studies about factors associated with the utilization of dental health services by the pediatric population between zero and 15 years old, published between 2006 and 2016 and available in Portuguese, English or Spanish. A survey of articles in the Lilacs and Medline databases was carried out, using the search strategy: ("dental care/utilization" OR "dental health services/utilization") AND ("child" OR "child, preschool") AND NOT adult...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Ines Frederix, Lien Vanderlinden, Anne-Sophie Verboven, Maria Welten, Donna Wouters, Gilles De Keulenaer, Bavo Ector, Ivan Elegeert, Pierre Troisfontaines, Caroline Weytjens, Wilfried Mullens, Paul Dendale
Aims The TElemonitoring in the MAnagement of Heart Failure (TEMA-HF) 1 long-term follow-up study assessed whether an initial six-month telemonitoring (TM) programme compared with usual care (UC) would result in reduced all-cause mortality, heart failure admissions and healthcare costs in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients at long-term follow-up. Methods Of the 160 patients included in the multi-centre, randomised controlled telemonitoring trial (TEMA-HF 1, time point t0 ); 142 CHF patients (65% male; age: 76 ± 10 years; EF: 36 ± 15%) were alive and entered the follow-up study (time point: t1 ) with a final evaluation at 79 months (time point: t2 )...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
R Barbosa-Lorenzo, A Ruano-Ravina, A Fernández-Villar, E López-Pardo, C Carballeira-Roca, J M Barros-Dios
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major public health problem. The aim of this study was to ascertain the prevalence of COPD and whether such prevalence was positively or negatively associated with COPD admissions, using all the data of a regional health care system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We designed a descriptive cross-sectional study which included all subjects aged over 45 years, diagnosed with COPD in primary care in 2013...
May 5, 2018: Pulmonology
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