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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869955/progress-with-the-strategic-action-plan-for-tackling-chronic-non-communicable-diseases-in-brazil-2011-2015
#1
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Taís Porto Oliveira, Maria Aline Siqueira Santos, Silvânia Suely Caribé de Araújo Andrade, Marta Maria Alves da Silva
OBJECTIVE: to describe the actions undertaken by the Strategic Action Plan for Tackling Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) in Brazil, from 2011 to 2015. METHODS: the actions were identified through sectorial and interministerial meetings, annual forums, as well as document reviews of publications and laws on government websites. RESULTS: the actions found were: national surveys and monitoring of mortality and risk factor reduction targets; encouragement of physical activity, adequate nutrition and health promotion through the creation of the Health Gym Program (Programa Academia da Saúde); the publication of legislation on tobacco-free environments; free of charge drugs for hypertension, diabetes, and asthma; organization of the emergency service network for cardiovascular diseases; and expanding access to diagnosis and treatment of cancer patients...
April 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832112/how-do-qataris-source-health-information
#2
Sopna M Choudhury, Teresa Arora, Seham Alebbi, Lina Ahmed, Abdi Aden, Omar Omar, Shahrad Taheri
BACKGROUND: Qatar is experiencing rapid population expansion with increasing demands on healthcare services for both acute and chronic conditions. Sourcing accurate information about health conditions is crucial, yet the methods used for sourcing health information in Qatar are currently unknown. Gaining a better understanding of the sources the Qatari population use to recognize and manage health and/or disease will help to develop strategies to educate individuals about existing and emerging health problems...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779440/internet-based-resources-for-disease-self-care-among-middle-aged-and-older-women-with-chronic-conditions
#3
Amanda J Pettus, Carolyn A Mendez-Luck, Caroline D Bergeron, SangNam Ahn, Samuel D Towne, Marcia G Ory, Matthew Lee Smith
OBJECTIVE: This two-part study analyzed data collected from middle-aged (age 44-64) and older women (age 65+) with one or more chronic conditions who completed the National Council on Aging Chronic Care Survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Part One analyzed data from 418 women to describe sociodemographics, disease types, and healthcare utilization associated with Internet use among middle-aged and older women with 1 or more chronic diseases. Part Two analyzed data from the 251 Internet-using women to identify the online self-care resources they are using (format, host organization) and for what purposes...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764523/benzodiazepines-for-the-relief-of-breathlessness-in-advanced-malignant-and-non-malignant-diseases-in-adults
#4
REVIEW
Steffen T Simon, Irene J Higginson, Sara Booth, Richard Harding, Vera Weingärtner, Claudia Bausewein
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review published in Issue 1, 2010, on 'Benzodiazepines for the relief of breathlessness in advanced malignant and non-malignant diseases in adults'. Breathlessness is one of the most common symptoms experienced in the advanced stages of malignant and non-malignant disease. Benzodiazepines are widely used for the relief of breathlessness in advanced diseases and are regularly recommended in the literature. At the time of the previously published Cochrane review, there was no evidence for a beneficial effect of benzodiazepines for the relief of breathlessness in people with advanced cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)...
October 20, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724953/mapping-south-african-allied-health-primary-care-clinical-guideline-activity-establishing-a-stakeholder-reference-sample
#5
Janine Margarita Dizon, Karen Grimmer, Shingai Machingaidze, Pam McLaren, Quinette Louw
BACKGROUND: Little is known about allied health (AH) clinical practice guideline (CPG) activity in South Africa, and particularly in relation to primary health care (PHC). This paper reports on a scoping study undertaken to establish a reference framework, from which a comprehensive maximum variation sample could be selected. This was required to underpin robust sampling for a qualitative study aimed at understanding South African primary care AH therapy CPG activities. This paper builds on findings from the South African Guidelines Evaluation (Project SAGE) Flagship grant...
October 10, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721057/the-use-of-eortc-measures-in-daily-clinical-practice-a-synopsis-of-a-newly-developed-manual
#6
Lisa M Wintner, Monika Sztankay, Neil Aaronson, Andrew Bottomley, Johannes M Giesinger, Mogens Groenvold, Morten Aa Petersen, Lonneke van de Poll-Franse, Galina Velikova, Irma Verdonck-de Leeuw, Bernhard Holzner
Cancer has increasingly become a chronic condition and the routine collection of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) like quality of life is widely recommended for clinical practice. Nonetheless, the successful implementation of PROs is still a major challenge, although common barriers to and facilitators of their beneficial use are well known. To support health care professionals and other stakeholders in the implementation of the EORTC PRO measures, the EORTC Quality of Life Group provides guidance on issues considered important for their use in daily clinical practice...
October 6, 2016: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717394/musculoskeletal-care-pathways-for-adults-with-hip-and-knee-pain-at-the-interface-between-primary-and-secondary-care-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#7
Kate Button, Fiona Morgan, Helen Hodgson, Alison L Weightman, Steve Jones
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions are the most frequently reported chronic conditions and one of the biggest causes of disability in the UK. Given the ageing population and the impact of these problems, the demand for MSK treatment will rise. Despite reduced waiting times, MSK pathways have remained variable and inconsistent and need to be improved to meet patient needs. The aim of this systematic review is to understand the evidence for the effectiveness of current models of service delivery and care pathways for adult hip/knee pain patients accessing secondary care for specialist opinions...
August 1, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703395/using-social-media-to-challenge-unwarranted-clinical-variation-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-noncancer-pain-the-brainman-story
#8
Ruth White, Chris Hayes, Scott White, Fiona J Hodson
There is a substantial clinical variation in the contemporary treatment of chronic noncancer pain reflecting different explanatory models and treatment emphasis. Hunter Integrated Pain Service and collaborators developed three key messaging videos outlining the foundations of chronic pain treatment, thus challenging unwarranted clinical variation and calling for greater therapeutic consistency. The videos were released on YouTube as a low-cost public health intervention. Each video used an evidenced informed script appropriate for low literacy and a cartoonist to provide matching images...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697748/-i-want-to-keep-the-personal-relationship-with-my-doctor-understanding-barriers-to-portal-use-among-african-americans-and-latinos
#9
Courtney Rees Lyles, Jill Y Allen, Dolly Poole, Lina Tieu, Michael H Kanter, Terhilda Garrido
BACKGROUND: Despite the widespread implementation of electronic health records (EHRs), there is growing evidence that racial/ethnic minority patients do not use portals as frequently as non-Hispanic whites to access their EHR information online. This differential portal use could be problematic for health care disparities since early evidence links portal use to better outcomes. OBJECTIVE: We sought to understand specific barriers to portal use among African American and Latino patients at Kaiser Permanente, which has had a portal in place for over a decade, and broad uptake among the patient population at large...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684112/the-effect-of-limited-health-literacy-on-how-internet-users-learn-about-diabetes
#10
Elad Yom-Tov, Barbara Marino, Jennifer Pai, Dawn Harris, Michael Wolf
The Internet continues to be an important supplemental health information resource for an increasing number of U.S. adults, especially for those with a new or existing chronic condition. Here we examine how people use the Internet to learn about Type 2 diabetes and how health literacy (HL) influences this information-seeking behavior. We analyzed the searches of approximately 2 million people who queried for diabetes-related information on Microsoft's Bing search engine. The HL of searchers was imputed through a community-based HL score...
October 2016: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616964/integrated-health-care-barcelona-esquerra-ais-be-a-global-view-of-organisational-development-re-engineering-of-processes-and-improvement-of-the-information-systems-the-role-of-the-tertiary-university-hospital-in-the-transformation
#11
David Font, Joan Escarrabill, Mónica Gómez, Rafael Ruiz, Belén Enfedaque, Xavier Altimiras
The Integrated Health Area "Barcelona Esquerra" (Área Integral de Salud de Barcelona Esquerra - AIS-BE), which covers a population of 524,000 residents in Barcelona city, is running a project to improve healthcare quality and efficiency based on co-ordination between the different suppliers in its area through the participation of their professionals. Endowed with an Organisational Model that seeks decision-taking that starts out from clinical knowledge and from Information Systems tools that facilitate this co-ordination (an interoperability platform and a website) it presents important results in its structured programmes that have been implemented such as the Reorganisation of Emergency Care, Screening for Colorectal Cancer, the Onset of type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Teledermatology and the Development of Cross-sectional Healthcare Policies for Care in Chronicity...
2016: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616731/collection-of-daily-patient-reported-outcomes-is-feasible-and-demonstrates-differential-patient-experience-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#12
Zoe C L Pittman, Stephen G John, Chris W McIntyre
Introduction Patient reported outcomes (PROs) are a critical metric documenting the impact of disease and treatment from the patient's perspective. A variety of generic and disease specific PRO measures (PROMs) are used in chronic kidney disease (CKD) but studies are primarily cross-sectional. None of the available PROMs are designed for frequent iterative application. Methods An online PROM for daily use in dialysis and CKD 4/5 patients was developed. The custom website utilised visual analogue scales to capture 6 PROs (general well being (GWB), pain, sleep, breathing, energy, and appetite)...
September 12, 2016: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598271/outcomes-of-an-interdisciplinary-transitional-care-quality-improvement-project-on-self-management-and-health-care-use-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#13
Carrie Hoover, Joy Plamann, Jean Beckel
HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ARTICLE INSTRUCTIONS XX contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded once you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587557/efficacy-of-an-mhealth-intervention-to-stimulate-physical-activity-in-copd-patients-after-pulmonary-rehabilitation
#14
Sigrid N W Vorrink, Helianthe S M Kort, Thierry Troosters, Pieter Zanen, Jan-Willem J Lammers
Physical inactivity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with poor health status and increased disease burden. The present study aims to test the efficacy of a previously developed mobile (m)Health intervention to improve or maintain physical activity in patients with COPD after pulmonary rehabilitation.A randomised controlled trial was performed in 32 physiotherapy practices in the Netherlands. COPD patients were randomised into intervention or usual care groups. The intervention consisted of a smartphone application for the patients and a monitoring website for the physiotherapists...
October 2016: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557145/pilates-for-low-back-pain
#15
Tiê P Yamato, Christopher G Maher, Bruno T Saragiotto, Mark J Hancock, Raymond W J G Ostelo, Cristina M N Cabral, Luciola C Menezes Costa, Leonardo O P Costa
BACKGROUND: Non-specific low back pain is a major health problem worldwide. Interventions based on exercises have been the most commonly used treatments for patients with this condition. Over the past few years, the Pilates method has been one of the most popular exercise programmes used in clinical practice. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of the Pilates method for patients with non-specific acute, subacute or chronic low back pain. METHODS: HASH(0x44c0e80) SEARCH METHODS: We conducted the searches in CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PEDro and SPORTDiscus from the date of their inception to March 2014...
July 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549782/long-term-integrated-telerehabilitation-of-copd-patients-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-itrain
#16
Paolo Zanaboni, Birthe Dinesen, Audhild Hjalmarsen, Hanne Hoaas, Anne E Holland, Cristino Carneiro Oliveira, Richard Wootton
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is an effective intervention for the management of people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, available resources are often limited, and many patients bear with poor availability of programmes. Sustaining PR benefits and regular exercise over the long term is difficult without any exercise maintenance strategy. In contrast to traditional centre-based PR programmes, telerehabilitation may promote more effective integration of exercise routines into daily life over the longer term and broaden its applicability and availability...
August 22, 2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546777/nationwide-epidemiology-and-prognosis-of-dialysis-requiring-acute-kidney-injury-nep-aki-d-study-design-and-methods
#17
Chih-Chung Shiao, Pei-Chen Wu, Vin-Cent Wu, Jui-Hsiang Lin, Heng-Chih Pan, Ya-Fei Yang, Tai-Shuan Lai, Tao-Min Huang, Che-Hsiung Wu, Wei-Shun Yang, Chih-Jen Wu, Chih-Chin Kao, Chiao-Yin Sun, Chun-Te Huang, Kuo-Hua Lee, Chan-Yu Lin, Te-Chuan Chen, Fu-Chang Hu, Hung-Hsiang Liou, Kuo-Cheng Lu, Kuo-Liong Chien, Jian-Jhong Wang, Wei-Chih Kan, Feng-Chi Kuo, Hugo You-Hsien Lin, Cheng-Min Chen, Zi-Hong You, Jen-Pi Tsai, Chih-Jen Weng, Hung-Yuan Chen, Chao-Fu Chang, Wen-Ding Hsu, Mai-Szu Wu, Chiu-Ching Huang, Kwan-Dun Wu
AIM: Acute kidney injury (AKI) carries an increasing incidence rate worldwide and increases the risk of developing end-stage renal disease (ESRD) as well as the medical expenses during the post-AKI course. The Taiwan Consortium for Acute Kidney Injury and Renal Diseases (CAKs) has thus launched a nationwide epidemiology and prognosis of dialysis-requiring acute kidney injury (NEP-AKI-D) study, which prospectively enrols critically ill patients with AKI. Through thoroughly evaluating the risk and prognostic factors of AKI, we hope to lower the incidence of AKI and ESRD from the perspective of AKI-ESRD interaction...
September 2016: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535555/development-and-implementation-of-an-online-clinical-pathway-for-adult-chronic-kidney-disease-in-primary-care-a-mixed-methods-study
#18
Maoliosa Donald, Kerry McBrien, Wes Jackson, Braden J Manns, Marcello Tonelli, Kathryn King-Shier, Kailash Jindal, Richard Z Lewanczuk, Nairne Scott-Douglas, Ted Braun, Sharon E Straus, Christopher Naugler, Meghan J Elliott, Min Jun, Brenda R Hemmelgarn
BACKGROUND: Primary care physicians and other primary health care professionals from Alberta, Canada identified a clinical pathway as a potential tool to facilitate uptake of clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis, management and referral of adults with chronic kidney disease. We describe the development and implementation of a chronic kidney disease clinical pathway (CKD-CP; www.ckdpathway.ca ). METHODS: The CKD-CP was developed and implemented based on the principles of the Knowledge-To-Action Cycle framework...
2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532466/effectiveness-of-technology-use-for-engaging-community-dwelling-adults-with-chronic-disease-in-self-care-behavior-management-in-health-care-a-systematic-review-protocol
#19
Ellen Swartwout, Patsy Deyo, Ashley El-Zein
The quantitative objective is to identify the effectiveness of technology use for self-care behavior management and the patient engagement levels in health care.More specifically, the objectives are to identify: 1) the effectiveness of technology use (includes mobile health applications, text messages, telemedicine/video conferences between providers and people with chronic disease, remote monitoring and websites) in health care for engaging community-dwelling adults with chronic disease in self-care management, and 2) the patient engagement levels in health care...
May 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494430/nurse-practitioner-caseload-in-primary-health-care-scoping-review
#20
REVIEW
Ruth Martin-Misener, Kelley Kilpatrick, Faith Donald, Denise Bryant-Lukosius, Jennifer Rayner, Ruta Valaitis, Nancy Carter, Patricia A Miller, Véronique Landry, Patricia Harbman, Renee Charbonneau-Smith, R James McKinlay, Erin Ziegler, Sarah Boesveld, Alyson Lamb
OBJECTIVES: To identify recommendations for determining patient panel/caseload size for nurse practitioners in community-based primary health care settings. DESIGN: Scoping review of the international published and grey literature. DATA SOURCES: The search included electronic databases, international professional and governmental websites, contact with experts, and hand searches of reference lists. Eligible papers had to (a) address caseload or patient panels for nurse practitioners in community-based primary health care settings serving an all-ages population; and (b) be published in English or French between January 2000 and July 2014...
October 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
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