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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231159/facet-joint-injections-for-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-feasibility-rct
#1
Saowarat Snidvongs, Rod S Taylor, Alia Ahmad, Simon Thomson, Manohar Sharma, Angela Farr, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Stephanie Poulton, Vivek Mehta, Richard Langford
BACKGROUND: Pain of lumbar facet-joint origin is a common cause of low back pain in adults and may lead to chronic pain and disability, with associated health and socioeconomic implications. The socioeconomic burden includes an inability to return to work resulting in loss of productivity in addition to direct and indirect health-care utilisation costs. Lumbar facet-joints are paired synovial joints between the superior and inferior articular processes of consecutive lumbar vertebrae and between the fifth lumbar vertebra and the sacrum...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225906/patient-engagement-in-kidney-research-opportunities-and-challenges-ahead
#2
REVIEW
Amber O Molnar, Moumita Barua, Ana Konvalinka, Kara Schick-Makaroff
Purpose of Review: Patient engagement in research is increasingly recognized as an important component of the research process and may facilitate translation of research findings. To heighten awareness on this important topic, this review presents opportunities and challenges of patient engagement in research, drawing on specific examples from 4 areas of Canadian kidney research conducted by New Investigators in the Kidney Research Scientist Core Education and National Training (KRESCENT) Program...
2017: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169360/positioning-pharmacists-roles-in-primary-health-care-a-discourse-analysis-of-the-compensation-plan-in-alberta-canada
#3
Christine A Hughes, Rene R Breault, Deborah Hicks, Theresa J Schindel
BACKGROUND: A comprehensive Compensation Plan for pharmacy services delivered by community pharmacists was implemented in Alberta, Canada in July 2012. Services covered by the Compensation Plan include care planning services, prescribing services such as adapting prescriptions, and administering a drug or publicly-funded vaccine by injection. Understanding how the Compensation Plan was framed and communicated provides insight into the roles of pharmacists and the potential influence of language on the implementation of services covered by the Compensation Plan by Albertan pharmacists...
November 23, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166260/the-development-and-content-validation-of-a-multidisciplinary-evidence-based-wound-infection-prevention-and-treatment-guideline
#4
Sammy A Zakhary, Chris Davey, Rebecca Bari, Jordan Bean, Tyler Reber, Kathy Gallagher, Kara Couch, Jennifer Hurlow, Karen Laforet, Corrine McIssac, Karen Napier, Diana Vilar-Compte, Emily Zakhary, Michel Hermans, Laura Bolton
Acute and chronic wound infections create clinical, economic, and patient-centered challenges best met by multidisciplinary wound care teams providing consistent, valid, clinically relevant, safe, evidence-based management across settings. To develop an evidence-based wound infection guideline, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases were searched from inception through August 1, 2017 using the terms (or synonyms) wound infection and risk factor, significant, diagnosis, prevention, treatment, or surveillance...
November 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109577/creation-of-a-natural-health-products-database-for-assessing-safety-for-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-or-renal-transplant
#5
Sharon Leung, Karen Shalansky, Puneet Vashisht, Marianna Leung, Judith G Marin
Introduction: There is a lack of published safety information on the use of natural health products (NHPs) for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) or renal transplant. Objective: To create an online database to provide evidence-based safety recommendations for commonly used NHPs, specific to patients with CKD or renal transplant. Methods: NHPs used by CKD and transplant patients in British Columbia were identified from the records of the BC Provincial Renal Agency...
September 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060130/asthma-academy-developing-educational-technology-to-improve-asthma-medication-adherence-and-intervention-efficiency
#6
Aiswaria S Nair, Karen DeMuth, Chih-Wen Cheng, May D Wang
Asthma is a leading chronic disorder among children and adolescents. Although some children outgrow asthma while transitioning into adulthood, there are others who continue to suffer from life-threatening asthmatic exacerbations. Teenagers tend to have certain misconceptions about their asthmatic condition and treatment which are rarely recognized or addressed in regular clinical consultations. After reviewing the literature in this field, we have identified that improving patient knowledge can be effective in augmenting engagement, and considerably improving their clinical outcomes...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029967/-10-years-of-external-quality-assurance-in-dialysis-in-germany-results-and-future-prospects
#7
Dorothea Büchtemann, Stefan Meinhold, Peter Follert
BACKGROUND: In 2006, the Federal Joint Committee introduced a quality assurance programme for ambulatory dialysis treatment in Germany. Regarding the impact of chronic dialysis treatment on the quality of life of patients and on health care costs, quality assurance in dialysis is considered highly relevant. The directive on Quality Assurance in Dialysis (QSD-RL) established an external quality assurance programme based on the assessment of certain quality parameters combined with an internal quality management system based on benchmarking parameters in all dialysis practices and centres...
October 10, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964650/community-acquired-legionnaires-disease-at-a-medical-center-in-northern-taiwan
#8
Wei-Fang Kao, Jann-Tay Wang, Wang-Huei Sheng, Yee-Chun Chen
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Legionella pneumophila had been recognized as an important pathogen for community-acquired pneumonia. We aimed to investigate clinical features and outcomes of patients with Legionnaires' disease at a tertiary medical center in northern Taiwan. METHODS: From June 2012 to February 2017, a retrospective review of adult community-acquired. Legionnaires' disease at a medical center was conducted. All Legionella infections were confirmed by positive urinary Legionella antigen assay, sera indirect immunofluorescence assay, or sputum culture for Legionella...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933516/anti-il5-therapies-for-asthma
#9
REVIEW
Hugo A Farne, Amanda Wilson, Colin Powell, Lynne Bax, Stephen J Milan
BACKGROUND: This review is the first update of a previously published review in The Cochrane Library (Issue 7, 2015). Interleukin-5 (IL-5) is the main cytokine involved in the activation of eosinophils, which cause airway inflammation and are a classic feature of asthma. Monoclonal antibodies targeting IL-5 or its receptor (IL-5R) have been developed, with recent studies suggesting that they reduce asthma exacerbations, improve health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and lung function...
September 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925418/mhealth-application-areas-and-technology-combinations-a-comparison-of-literature-from-high-and-low-middle-income-countries
#10
Haitham Abaza, Michael Marschollek
BACKGROUND: With the continuous and enormous spread of mobile technologies, mHealth has evolved as a new subfield of eHealth. While eHealth is broadly focused on information and communication technologies, mHealth seeks to explore more into mobile devices and wireless communication. Since mobile phone penetration has exceeded other infrastructure in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), mHealth is seen as a promising component to provide pervasive and patient-centered care. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our research work for this paper is to examine the mHealth literature to identify application areas, target diseases, and mHealth service and technology types that are most appropriate for LMICs...
August 8, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923162/food-and-nutrition-programs-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-australians-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#11
Jennifer Browne, Karen Adams, Petah Atkinson, Deborah Gleeson, Rick Hayes
Objective To provide an overview of previous reviews of programs that aimed to improve nutritional status or diet-related health outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, in order to determine what programs are effective and why.Methods A systematic search of databases and relevant websites was undertaken to identify reviews of nutrition interventions for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. Pairs of reviewers undertook study selection and data extraction and performed quality assessment using a validated tool...
September 19, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882923/-reframing-healthcare-services-through-the-lens-of-co-production-rhelaunch-a-study-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-mechanisms-by-which-healthcare-and-social-services-impact-the-health-and-well-being-of-patients-with-copd-and-chf-in-the-usa-and-the
#12
Gijs Hesselink, Julie Johnson, Paul Batalden, Michelle Carlson, Wytske Geense, Stef Groenewoud, Sylvester Jones, Brita Roy, Christina Sansone, Judith R L M Wolf, Bradley Bart, Hub Wollersheim
INTRODUCTION: The USA lags behind other high-income countries in many health indicators. Outcome differences are associated with differences in the relative spending between healthcare and social services at the national level. The impact of the ratio and delivery of social and healthcare services on the individual patient's health is however unknown. 'Reframing Healthcare Services through the Lens of Co-Production' (RheLaunCh) will be a cross-Atlantic comparative study of the mechanisms by which healthcare and social service delivery may impact patient health with chronic conditions...
September 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806917/study-protocol-pragmatic-randomized-control-trial-of-an-internet-based-intervention-my-tools-4-care-for-family-carers
#13
Wendy Duggleby, Jenny Ploeg, Carrie McAiney, Kathryn Fisher, Jenny Swindle, Tracey Chambers, Sunita Ghosh, Shelley Peacock, Maureen Markle-Reid, Jean Triscott, Allison Williams, Dorothy Forbes, Lori Pollard
BACKGROUND: Family carers of older persons with Alzheimer's' disease and related dementia (ADRD) and multiple chronic conditions (MCC) experience significant, complex, and distressing transitions such as changes to their environment, roles and relationships, physical health, and mental health. An online intervention (My Tools 4 Care) was developed for family carers of persons with ADRD and MCC living at home, with the aim of supporting these carers through transitions and increasing their self-efficacy, hope, and health related quality of life (HRQoL)...
August 14, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799516/antiepileptic-drugs-in-clinical-development-differentiate-or-die
#14
Gaetano Zaccara, D Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Animal models when carefully selected, designed and conducted, are important parts of any translational drug development strategy. However, research of new compounds for patients with drug-resistant epilepsies is still based on animal experiments, mostly in rodents, which are far from being a model of chronic human epilepsy and have failed to differentiate the efficacy of new compounds versus standard drug treatment. Objective The objective was identification and description of compounds in clinical development in 2016...
August 9, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764753/supporting-prescribing-in-older-people-with-multimorbidity-and-significant-polypharmacy-in-primary-care-sppire-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol-and-pilot
#15
Caroline McCarthy, Barbara Clyne, Derek Corrigan, Fiona Boland, Emma Wallace, Frank Moriarty, Tom Fahey, Carmel Hughes, Paddy Gillespie, Susan M Smith
BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity, defined as the presence of at least two chronic conditions, becomes increasingly common in older people and is associated with poorer health outcomes and significant polypharmacy. The National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) recently published a multimorbidity guideline that advises providing an individualised medication review for all people prescribed 15 or more repeat medicines. This study incorporates this guideline and aims to assess the effectiveness of a complex intervention designed to support general practitioners (GPs) to reduce potentially inappropriate prescribing and consider deprescribing in older people with multimorbidity and significant polypharmacy in Irish primary care...
August 1, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752834/individual-and-social-variables-and-their-effect-on-case-care-manager-job-satisfaction-an-exploratory-study
#16
Chiara Cosentino, Morena Bettuzzi, Giulia Campioli, Valeria Di Marco, Giulia Giacopuzzi, Ivana Marinoni, Lorenzo Orlandini, Angelo Palermo, Siria Pattacini, Giovanna Artioli
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The Case/Care Manager (CCM) is a new position for in the Italian National Health Service scenario. Job satisfaction plays a key role for the CCM to engage in his work, accomplishing it in a complete. Nurses' job satisfaction is a complex construct and many different variables can influence it: personal characteristics, cultural characteristic, social characteristic, organizational characteristic, and environmental characteristic. The main aim of this study is to assess the job satisfaction in a sample of CCM and to assess if and how Social Variables (organizational climate and health) and Individual (socio-demographic variables, coping strategies, emotion regulation) relate to the CCM job satisfaction...
July 18, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736732/a-systematic-review-of-studies-of-web-portals-for-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#17
REVIEW
Steven S Coughlin, Lovoria B Williams, Christos Hatzigeorgiou
Patient web portals are password-protected online websites that offer patients 24-hour access to personal health information from anywhere with an Internet connection. Due to advances in health information technologies, there has been increasing interest among providers and researchers in patient web portals for use by patients with diabetes and other chronic conditions. This article, which is based upon bibliographic searches in PubMed, reviews web portals for patients with diabetes mellitus including patient web portals tethered to electronic medical records and web portals developed specifically for patients with diabetes...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726979/chronic-disease-registries-trends-and-challenges
#18
Joachim Schüz, Michael Fored
BACKGROUND: This accompanying editorial is an introduction to the focus theme of "chronic disease registries - trends and challenges". METHODS: A call for papers was announced on the website of Methods of Information in Medicine in April 2016 with submission deadline in September 2016. A peer review process was established to select the papers for the focus theme, managed by two guest editors. RESULTS: Three papers were selected to be included in the focus theme...
July 19, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689310/an-interactive-mobile-phone-website-platform-to-facilitate-real-time-management-of-medication-in-chronically-ill-patients
#19
Helena Anglada-Martínez, Maite Martin-Conde, Marina Rovira-Illamola, Jose Miguel Sotoca-Momblona, Ethel Sequeira, Valentin Aragunde, Carles Codina-Jané
Poor adherence to medication is a prevalent issue that affects 50-60% of chronically ill patients. We present Medplan, a platform for patients/caregivers and healthcare professionals (HCPs) that aims to enhance adherence, increase patient medication knowledge, and facilitate communication between patients and HCPs. The Medplan platform was designed and developed by a multidisciplinary team composed of primary care and hospital physicians, pharmacists, patients, and developers. We questioned 62 patients in order to know their opinion about the different functions the app would incorporate and other possible features that should be taken into consideration...
August 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537202/self-assessment-of-independence-in-older-people
#20
Pierre Koskas, B Wolfowicz
BACKGROUND: E-health initiatives on the Internet can be used to provide support to people with chronic diseases and to their caregivers. In 2014/2015, we created a free website called jesuisautonome.fr where older people, or their carers on their behalf, can assess their independence in daily living by filling out a simple questionnaire. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the interest of the public in websites of this kind, by analysing home care plans obtained via the self-assessment questionnaire...
January 1, 2017: HIM Journal
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