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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350432/national-public-health-data-systems-in-the-united-states-applications-to-child-agricultural-injury-surveillance
#1
Barbara Marlenga, Richard L Berg, William Pickett
PURPOSE: The United States has no comprehensive national surveillance system for fatal or nonfatal child agricultural injuries. Thus, important knowledge gaps exist about recurrent injury patterns that could provide targeted focus for prevention efforts. The purpose of this study was to explore existing US public health data systems to determine their utility with respect to informing child agricultural injury surveillance and primary prevention. METHODS: Public health data systems were selected if they: (1) were national in scope, (2) were active and ongoing, (3) included physical injuries, and (4) contained a "farm" location variable...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349199/efficiency-or-equity-simulating-the-impact-of-high-risk-and-population-intervention-strategies-for-the-prevention-of-disease
#2
Jonathan M Platt, Katherine M Keyes, Sandro Galea
Maximizing both efficiency and equity are core considerations for population health. These considerations can result in tension in population health science as we seek to improve overall population health while achieving equitable health distributions within populations. Limited work has explored empirically the consequences of different population health intervention strategies on the burden of disease and on within- and between-group differences in disease. To address this gap, we compared the impact of four simulated interventions using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347867/the-mediterranean-diet-its-definition-and-evaluation-of-a-priori-dietary-indexes-in-primary-cardiovascular-prevention
#3
Annunziata D'Alessandro, Giovanni De Pergola
We have analysed the definition of Mediterranean Diet in 28 studies included in six meta-analyses evaluating the relation between the Mediterranean Diet and primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Some typical food of this dietary pattern like whole cereals, olive oil and red wine were taken into account only in a few a priori indexes, and the dietary pattern defined as Mediterranean showed many differences among the studies and compared to traditional Mediterranean Diet of the early 1960s. Altogether, the analysed studies show a protective effect of the Mediterranean Diet against cardiovascular disease but present different effects against specific conditions as cerebrovascular disease and coronary heart disease...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345585/mandatory-reporting-of-coronary-artery-calcifications-incidentally-noted-on-chest-multi-detector-computed-tomography-a-multicentre-experience
#4
Salvatore Cappabianca, Maria Paola Belfiore, Alfonso Reginelli, Raffaella Capasso, Alessandra Del Prete, Mario Petrillo, Paola Mascia, Claudia Rossi, Francesco Romano, Massimo De Filippo, Michele Scialpi, Felice Gragnano, Paolo Calabro, Giuseppe Belfiore, Luca Brunese, Roberto Grassi, Antonio Rotondo
BACKGROUND Coronary artery calcifications (CACs) are associated with coronary atherosclerosis and cardiovascular (CV) events. In "non-cardiovascular" settings, CACs can be easily detected on chest multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT). Their evaluation may help to better stratify CV risk in the general population, especially for primary prevention. AIMS We retrospectively evaluated the relationship between CAC distribution and CV risk, determined by Framingham Risk Score (FRS), in a cohort of patients who underwent chest MDCT performed for several clinical indications...
January 16, 2018: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344960/association-of-genetic-variation-in-telomere-related-snp-and-telomerase-with-ventricular-arrhythmias-in-ischaemic-cardiomyopathy
#5
Vinit Sawhney, Scott Brouilette, Niall Campbell, Steven Coppen, Victoria Baker, Ross Hunter, Mehul Dhinoja, Atholl Johnston, Mark Earley, Simon Sporton, Ken Suzuki, Richard Schilling
BACKGROUND: Telomeres are known to provide genomic stability and telomere length has been associated with cardiovascular diseases. Moreover, a higher telomerase activity has been shown to be associated with ventricular arrhythmias (VA) in ischaemic cardiomyopathy. Increasing evidence suggests that genetic variation in key telomere genes has an impact on telomerase activity. Each copy of the minor allele of SNP rs12696304, at a locus including TERC (telomerase) has been associated with ∼ 75 bp reduction in mean telomere length likely mediated by an effect on TERC expression...
January 17, 2018: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344833/violence-against-women-in-cambodia-towards-a-culturally-responsive-theory-of-change
#6
Maurice Eisenbruch
Almost one in four women in Cambodia is a victim of physical, emotional or sexual violence. This article brings together two seldom connected fields: Theory of Change (ToC) and cultural responsiveness in international development. It applies these approaches to a priority in global health, which is to prevent violence against women (VAW) and, drawing on my research on the epigenesis of VAW in Cambodia, develops an argument on the need for interventions to work with tradition and culture rather than only highlight it in problematic terms...
January 17, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344211/prevalence-of-hpv-infection-among-hiv-positive-and-hiv-negative-women-in-central-eastern-italy-strategies-of-prevention
#7
Edoardo Tartaglia, Katia Falasca, Jacopo Vecchiet, Giovanna Paola Sabusco, Giovanna Picciano, Roberto Di Marco, Claudio Ucciferri
The present cross-sectional-study aimed to determine the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-genotypes among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive and -negative women in Central/Eastern Italy, and to identify the optimal strategies for effective HPV-prevention in each group. A representative sample of HIV-negative (150/200) and -positive (50/200) women, who underwent cervico-vaginal-swabbing. Swabs were analysed for a cytological screening and for a HPV-DNA-genotyping-test. A total of 66/200 swabs resulted HPV-positive...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344036/primordial-and-primary-preventions-of-thyroid-disease
#8
REVIEW
Fereidoun Azizi, Ladan Mehran, Farhad Hosseinpanah, Hossein Delshad, Atieh Amouzegar
Background: Primordial and primary preventions of thyroid diseases are concerned with avoiding the appearance of risk factors, delaying the progression to overt disease, and minimizing the impact of illness. Summary: Using related key words, 446 articles related to primordial and primary, preventions of thyroid diseases published between 2001-2015 were evaluated, categorized and analyzed. Prevention and elimination of iodine deficiency are major steps that have been successfully achieved and maintained in many countries of the world in last 2 decades...
October 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343082/systematic-review-of-the-effect-of-adherence-to-statin-treatment-on-critical-cardiovascular-events-and-mortality-in-primary-prevention
#9
Eva Martin-Ruiz, Antonio Olry-de-Labry-Lima, Ricardo Ocaña-Riola, David Epstein
AIM: Analyze the relative risks of critical cardiovascular outcomes and mortality associated with adherence to statin treatment in a clinical setting in people with no history of prior cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted up to December 2016. The outcomes of interest were cardiovascular fatal or nonfatal events and all-cause mortality. RESULTS: A total of 17 articles were included in a qualitative synthesis...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341526/-the-internal-medicine-articles-that-struck-us-the-most-in-2017
#10
Vanessa Kraege, Evrim Jaccard, Alain Kenfak, Elisabeth Stamm, Fanny Blondet, Grégoire Humair, Plamena Tasheva, Oriane Aebischer, Sabine Giroud, Jonathan Tschopp, Claudio Sartori
2017 has continued to bring important progress in all areas of internal medicine, impacting our daily practice. From bedside screening for beta-lactam allergies, to statins as primary prevention in the elderly, SGLT2 inhibitors in heart failure, azithromycin in severe asthmatics and tofacitinib in ulcero-haemorrhagic recto-colitis, internal medicine journals are full of novelties. Every year, the chief residents of the CHUV internal medicine ward meet up to share their readings: here is their selection of eleven articles, chosen, summarized and commented for you...
January 17, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340954/the-cultural-epigenesis-of-gender-based-violence-in-cambodia-local-and-buddhist-perspectives
#11
Maurice Eisenbruch
Almost one in four women in Cambodia is a victim of physical, emotional or sexual violence. The study aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the ways in which Cambodians see its causes and effects and to identify and analyse the cultural forces that underpin and shape its landscape. An ethnographic study was carried out with 102 perpetrators and survivors of emotional, physical and sexual violence against women and 228 key informants from the Buddhist and healing sectors. Their views and experiences of it were recorded-the popular idioms expressed and the symptoms of distress experienced by survivors and perpetrators...
January 16, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339691/rationale-design-and-methodology-of-the-evaluation-of-perceptions-knowledge-and-compliance-with-the-guidelines-in-real-life-practice-a-survey-on-the-under-treatment-of-hypercholesterolemia
#12
Volkan Doğan, Özcan Başaran, Bülent Özlek, Oğuzhan Çelik, Eda Özlek, Kadir Uğur Mert, İbrahim Rencüzoğulları, Gurbet Özge Mert, Marwa Mouline Doğan, Murat Biteker, Meral Kayıkçıoğlu
OBJECTIVE: A wide gap exists between dyslipidemia guidelines and their implementation in the real world, which is primarily attributed to physician and patient compliance. The aim of this study is to determine physician and patient adherence to dyslipidemia guidelines and various influential factors. METHODS: The Evaluation of Perceptions, Knowledge, and Compliance with the Guidelines in Real Life Practice: A Survey on the Under-treatment of Hypercholesterolemia (EPHESUS) trial (ClinicalTrials...
January 2018: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338456/an-update-on-the-safety-of-nutraceuticals-and-effects-on-lipid-parameters
#13
Arrigo F G Cicero, Alessandro Colletti
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of mortality and disability in developed countries, whereas a large portion of patients in primary prevention have uncontrolled level of CVD risk factors. Dietary supplementation with bioactive natural compounds with demonstrated lipid-lowering effects is currently supported by the international guidelines for CVD prevention and some international expert panels. Areas covered: This review provides insights on issues concerning the tolerability and safety of the most commonly used nutraceuticals with demonstrated lipid-lowering effect in humans...
January 16, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338438/challenges-in-adult-vaccination
#14
Eduardo de Gomensoro, Giuseppe Del Giudice, T Mark Doherty
Life-long primary prevention interventions beginning and continuing throughout an individual's lifetime are increasingly seen as key to meeting the global healthcare challenges that accompany demographic changes - a concept referred to as "Healthy aging". In this perspective, vaccination is seen as part of a triad, together with healthy diet and exercise. Current adult vaccine coverage is lower than target vaccination rates in most developed countries, and so vaccine preventable diseases continue to present a substantial burden on health and healthcare resources, especially in older individuals...
January 16, 2018: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336486/preventing-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-following-childbirth-and-traumatic-birth-experiences-a-systematic-review
#15
Lisanne F de Graaff, Adriaan Honig, Mariëlle G van Pampus, Claire A I Stramrood
INTRODUCTION: Between 9 and 44% of women experience giving birth as traumatic, and 3% of women develop a posttraumatic stress disorder following childbirth. Knowledge on risk factors is abundant, but studies on treatment are limited. This study aimed to present an overview of means to prevent traumatic birth experiences and childbirth-related posttraumatic stress disorder. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Major databases (Cochrane; Embase; PsycINFO; PubMed (Medline)) were searched using combinations of the key words and their synonyms...
January 16, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336245/the-role-of-colchicine-in-pericardial-syndromes
#16
George Lazaros, Massimo Imazio, Antonio Brucato, Charalambos Vlachopoulos, Emilia Lazarou, Dimitrios Vassilopoulos, Dimitris Tousoulis
BACKGROUND: Colchicine is an old drug originally employed for the treatment of inflammatory disorders such as acute gout and familiar Mediterranean fever. METHODS: In the past few decades, colchicine has been at the forefront of the pharmacotherapy of several cardiac diseases, including acute and recurrent pericarditis, coronary artery disease, prevention of atrial fibrillation and heart failure. In this review, we have summarized the current evidence based medicine and guidelines recommendations in the specific context of pericardial syndromes...
January 15, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335743/-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases
#17
J H Prochaska, N Arnold, C Jünger, T Münzel, P S Wild
The incidence of cardiovascular diseases can be reduced by the early detection and targeted treatment of risk factors and subclinical forms of the disease. Primary prevention provides several opportunities for successful interventions. In addition to a drug-based therapy, especially life style-modifying measures, such as physical activity, normalization of body weight, consistent nicotine abstinence and the consideration of psychosocial aspects represent core components of prevention programs. Healthcare data indicate that risk factors still often remain undetected and that the full potential of risk factor management has not yet been fully exploited at a population level...
January 15, 2018: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334692/body-mass-index-abdominal-adiposity-weight-gain-and-risk-of-developing-hypertension-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-more-than-2-3-million-participants
#18
REVIEW
A Jayedi, A Rashidy-Pour, M Khorshidi, S Shab-Bidar
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to test the association between anthropometric measures and risk of developing hypertension. METHODS: We did a systematic search using PubMed and Scopus, from inception up to January 2017. Prospective cohort studies reporting the risk estimates of hypertension for three or more quantitative categories of indices of general and abdominal adiposity were included. Summary relative risks were calculated using random-effects models. RESULTS: Fifty-seven prospective cohort studies were included...
January 15, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331195/-educational-project-for-raising-awareness-of-food-hygiene-in-infant-schools
#19
REVIEW
Dimitri Kempf, Caroline Malinic, Mathilde Menoud, Aurore Rousseau, Camille Savoy
Five students from a nursing training institute designed an educational initiative aimed at infant school pupils. The objective of this primary prevention intervention was to raise children's awareness of food hygiene.
January 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327321/preliminary-psychometric-testing-of-the-postpartum-depression-predictors-inventory-revised-pdpi-r-in-portuguese-women
#20
Stephanie Alves, Ana Fonseca, Maria Cristina Canavarro, Marco Pereira
Introduction Postpartum depression (PPD) is a prevalent condition with a serious impact. The early identification of women at risk for developing PPD allows for primary prevention and the delivery of timely appropriate referrals. This study investigated the validity and reliability of the postnatal version of the Postpartum Depression Predictors Inventory-Revised (PDPI-R), an instrument widely studied internationally, in Portuguese women. Methods The sample consisted of 204 women who participated in an online cross-sectional survey...
January 11, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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