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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353364/testosterone-and-proactive-reactive-aggression-in-youth-the-moderating-role-of-harsh-discipline
#1
Frances R Chen, Adrian Raine, Douglas A Granger
This study tests a biosocial model of the link between testosterone and proactive-reactive aggression in youth at varying levels of harsh discipline. Given that proactive aggression is used to gain power and status and the importance of social learning in its formation, we hypothesized that testosterone would be associated with proactive aggression at higher levels of harsh discipline, and that this relationship would be more pronounced in boys than girls. Participants (n = 445; 50% male; M age = 11...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320493/from-macro-to-microfactors-in-health-social-science-approaches-in-research-on-sexually-transmitted-infections
#2
Ruth Kutalek, Elena Jirovsky, Igor Grabovac
Ruth Kutalek and colleagues share their Perspective on Kipruto Chesang and colleagues' qualitative study of beliefs and practices among healthcare providers managing STIs in Kenya and discuss the value of this type of research for addressing biosocial challenges.
January 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294708/low-resting-heart-rate-and-stalking-perpetration
#3
Danielle Boisvert, Jessica Wells, Todd Armstrong, Richard H Lewis, Matthias Woeckener, Matt R Nobles
There is consistent evidence to suggest that individuals with low resting heart rate are more likely to engage in a variety of antisocial behaviors. The present study examines whether this finding can be extended to stalking perpetration. Drawing from fearlessness theory and stimulation-seeking theory, as well as conceptual work of Meloy and Fisher, we find that individuals with low resting heart rates had significantly greater odds of engaging in stalking behavior, net of controls for sex, age, race, self-control, parental affection, delinquent peers, attitudes/beliefs toward crime, and aggression...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275275/the-fluidity-of-biosocial-identity-and-the-effects-of-place-space-and-time
#4
REVIEW
Daniel Wiese, Jeronimo Rodriguez Escobar, Yohsiang Hsu, Rob J Kulathinal, Allison Hayes-Conroy
Public and scientific conceptions of identity are changing alongside advances in biotechnology, with important relevance to health and medicine. In particular, biological identity, once predominantly conceived as static (e.g., related to DNA, dental records, fingerprints) is now being recognized as dynamic or fluid, mirroring contemporary understandings of psychological and social identity. The dynamism of biological identity comes from the individual body's unique relationship with the world surrounding it, and therefore may best be described as biosocial...
December 18, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274182/screening-for-problem-gambling-within-mental-health-services-a-comparison-of-the-classification-accuracy-of-brief-instruments
#5
N A Dowling, S S Merkouris, V Manning, R Volberg, S J Lee, S N Rodda, D I Lubman
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Despite the over-representation of people with gambling problems in mental health populations, there is limited information available to guide the selection of brief screening instruments within mental health services. The primary aim was therefore to compare the classification accuracy of nine brief problem gambling screening instruments (2-5 items) with a reference standard among patients accessing mental health services. DESIGN: The classification accuracy of nine brief screening instruments was compared with multiple cut-off scores on a reference standard...
December 23, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241213/antibiotics-induced-obesity-a-mitochondrial-perspective
#6
Melisa J Andrade, Chinchu Jayaprakash, Smitha Bhat, Nikolaos Evangelatos, Angela Brand, Kapaettu Satyamoorthy
Antibiotics are the first line of treatment against infections and have contributed immensely to reduce the morbidity and mortality rates. Recently, extensive use of antibiotics has led to alterations of the gut microbiome, predisposition to various diseases and most importantly, increase in the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, which poses a major threat to global public health. Another major issue faced worldwide due to unregulated use of antibiotics in children as well as in adults is the influence of metabolism and body weight homeostasis, leading to obesity...
December 15, 2017: Public Health Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228986/addressing-vulnerability-building-resilience-community-based-adaptation-to-vector-borne-diseases-in-the-context-of-global-change
#7
REVIEW
Kevin Louis Bardosh, Sadie Ryan, Kris Ebi, Susan Welburn, Burton Singer
BACKGROUND: The threat of a rapidly changing planet - of coupled social, environmental and climatic change - pose new conceptual and practical challenges in responding to vector-borne diseases. These include non-linear and uncertain spatial-temporal change dynamics associated with climate, animals, land, water, food, settlement, conflict, ecology and human socio-cultural, economic and political-institutional systems. To date, research efforts have been dominated by disease modeling, which has provided limited practical advice to policymakers and practitioners in developing policies and programmes on the ground...
December 11, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218840/behaviour-vs-perception-an-investigation-into-the-components-of-emotional-invalidation
#8
Meredith Elzy, Marc Karver
BACKGROUND: The negative effects of emotionally invalidating environments are theorized by the biosocial theory of borderline personality disorder to be vast and severe. However, findings from studies on the impact of emotional invalidation (EI) vary, perhaps due to different operational definitions of EI. The current investigation seeks to explore the relationship between the objective behavioural observations of EI and recipient's subjective perceptions of experiencing these behaviours...
December 8, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209501/association-among-self-compassion-childhood-invalidation-and-borderline-personality-disorder-symptomatology-in-a-singaporean-sample
#9
Shian-Ling Keng, Yun Yi Wong
Background: Linehan's biosocial theory posits that parental invalidation during childhood plays a role in the development of borderline personality disorder symptoms later in life. However, little research has examined components of the biosocial model in an Asian context, and variables that may influence the relationship between childhood invalidation and borderline symptoms. Self-compassion is increasingly regarded as an adaptive way to regulate one's emotions and to relate to oneself, and may serve to moderate the association between invalidation and borderline symptoms...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156248/the-symbolic-violence-of-outbreak-a-mixed-methods-quasi-experimental-impact-evaluation-of-social-protection-on-ebola-survivor-wellbeing
#10
Eugene T Richardson, J Daniel Kelly, Osman Sesay, Michael D Drasher, Ishaan K Desai, Raphael Frankfurter, Paul E Farmer, Mohamed Bailor Barrie
Despite over 28,000 reported cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in the 2013-16 outbreak in West Africa, we are only beginning to trace the complex biosocial processes that have promoted its spread. Important questions remain, including the effects on survivors of clinical sequelae, loss of family and livelihood, and other psychological and social trauma. Another poorly understood question is what effect social protection and job creation programs have had on survivors' wellbeing. Several clinical and social protection programs have been developed to respond to the needs of EVD survivors; however, little in the way of impact evaluation has taken place...
November 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127717/salivary-uric-acid-and-c-reactive-protein-associations-with-hypertensionin-midwestern-latino-preadolescents-and-their-parents
#11
Blake L Jones, Salma Elwazeer, Zoe E Taylor
Latino families face increased risk for hypertension. Serum-based uric acid and C-reactive protein have been linked to hypertension. However, a paucity of salivary biomarker data exists in this area for Latino families. Using salivary biomarkers enables less invasive options for biomedical and biosocial research, which is especially important among vulnerable populations facing increased health disparities. This study examined the associations between salivary uric (sUA) acid, salivary C-reactive protein (sCRP), and hypertension among 151 participants (57 children, 57 mothers, 37 fathers) from 57 Midwestern Latino families...
November 11, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955262/respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia-activity-predicts-internalizing-and-externalizing-behaviors-in-non-referred-boys
#12
Wei Zhang, Shawn E Fagan, Yu Gao
Atypical respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), a biomarker of emotion dysregulation, is associated with both externalizing and internalizing behaviors. In addition, social adversity and gender may moderate this association. In this study, we investigated if RSA (both resting RSA and RSA reactivity in an emotion regulation task) predicts externalizing and/or internalizing behaviors and the extent to which social adversity moderates this relationship. Two hundred and fifty-three children (at Time 1, mean age = 9...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931580/the-biosocial-genome-interdisciplinary-perspectives-on-environmental-epigenetics-health-and-society
#13
Ruth Müller, Clare Hanson, Mark Hanson, Michael Penkler, Georgia Samaras, Luca Chiapperino, John Dupré, Martha Kenney, Christopher Kuzawa, Joanna Latimer, Stephanie Lloyd, Astrid Lunkes, Molly Macdonald, Maurizio Meloni, Brigitte Nerlich, Francesco Panese, Martyn Pickersgill, Sarah Richardson, Joëlle Rüegg, Sigrid Schmitz, Aleksandra Stelmach, Paula-Irene Villa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: EMBO Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864966/race-remarital-status-and-infertility-in-1910-more-evidence-of-multiple-causes
#14
Andrew S London, Cheryl Elman
The dominant approach to studying historical race-related fertility differences has been to limit samples to first-married and younger women. We argue that studying historical race-related fertility differences in the context of remarriage is also important: remarriage and fertility patterns are both rooted in the biosocial conditions that produce racial disparities in health. We employ a multiple causes framework that attributes variation in fertility patterns to voluntary limitation and involuntary factors (infecundity/subfecundity)...
October 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863315/a-biosocial-cognitive-model-of-cannabis-use-in-emerging-adulthood
#15
Zoe E Papinczak, Jason P Connor, Paul Harnett, Matthew J Gullo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test a new theoretical model of cannabis use incorporating biologically-based personality traits and social cognition. This biosocial cognitive theory (bSCT) has robust support in alcohol studies, but has not been applied to cannabis. The model proposes two pathways linking dimensions of impulsivity to cannabis use. The first predicts that the association between Reward Sensitivity (SR) and cannabis use is mediated by positive outcome expectancies...
August 18, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643887/personality-dopamine-and-parkinson-s-disease-insights-from-subthalamic-stimulation
#16
Eugénie Lhommée, François Boyer, Maxime Wack, Pierre Pélissier, Hélène Klinger, Emmanuelle Schmitt, Amélie Bichon, Valérie Fraix, Stéphan Chabardès, Patrick Mertens, Anna Castrioto, Andrea Kistner, Emmanuel Broussolle, Stéphane Thobois, Paul Krack
BACKGROUND: Subthalamic stimulation improves the motor and neuropsychiatric symptoms of Parkinson's disease. However, the impact of this treatment on impulse control and personality is the subject of heavy debate. The objective of this study was to investigate personality changes after subthalamic stimulation. METHODS: Using Cloninger's biosocial model, we assessed personality in 73 Parkinson's disease patients before and 12 months after subthalamic stimulation accompanied by a drastic reduction in dopaminergic medication...
June 23, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638023/-the-development-of-ideas-about-the-organization-of-the-speech-system
#17
V A Karlov, V M Shklovskiy, V S Zolovkina
This work represents an insight into a problem of studying one of the higher mental functions of humans - speech, its primary role in the development of man as a biosocial being. Various concepts of speech and the problem of the dominance of cerebral hemispheres in language function are analyzed. It touched upon the ontogenesis of hemispheric asymmetry. The problem of 'codominance' of right and left hemispheres depending on the nature of the task solving by the subject and the functional level of information processing is discussed...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637363/-think-positively-parkinson-s-disease-biomedicine-and-hope-in-contemporary-germany
#18
Ingrid Metzler, Paul Just
Narratives of hope shape contemporary engagements with Parkinson's disease. On the one hand, a "biomedical narrative of hope" promises that biomedical research will help to transform this treatable but incurable disease into a curable one in the future. On the other hand, a more individual "illness narrative of hope" encourages patients to influence the course of Parkinson's disease by practicing self-care and positive thinking. This article asks how these two narratives of hope interact. It bases its argument on an analysis of data from 13 focus groups conducted in Germany in 2012 and 2014 with patients with Parkinson's disease and their relatives...
June 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546653/biosocial-conservation-integrating-biological-and-ethnographic-methods-to-study-human-primate-interactions
#19
Joanna M Setchell, Emilie Fairet, Kathryn Shutt, Siân Waters, Sandra Bell
Biodiversity conservation is one of the grand challenges facing society. Many people interested in biodiversity conservation have a background in wildlife biology. However, the diverse social, cultural, political, and historical factors that influence the lives of people and wildlife can be investigated fully only by incorporating social science methods, ideally within an interdisciplinary framework. Cultural hierarchies of knowledge and the hegemony of the natural sciences create a barrier to interdisciplinary understandings...
2017: International Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529494/sensation-seeking-and-online-gaming-addiction-in-adolescents-a-moderated-mediation-model-of-positive-affective-associations-and-impulsivity
#20
Jianping Hu, Shuangju Zhen, Chengfu Yu, Qiuyan Zhang, Wei Zhang
Based on the Dual Systems Model (Somerville et al., 2010; Steinberg, 2010a) and the biosocial-affect model (Romer and Hennessy, 2007) of adolescent sensation seeking and problem behaviors, the present study examined how (affective associations with online games as a mediator) and when (impulsivity as a moderator) did sensation seeking influence online gaming addiction in adolescence. A total of 375 Chinese male adolescents (mean age = 16.02 years, SD = 0.85) from southern China completed anonymous questionnaires regarding sensation seeking, positive affective associations with online games, impulsivity, and online gaming addiction...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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