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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887516/the-biopolitics-of-cfs-me
#1
Nikos Karfakis
This paper argues that Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) constitutes a biopolitical problem, a scientific object which needs to be studied, classified and regulated. Assemblages of authorities, knowledges and techniques make CFS/ME subjects and shape their everyday conduct in an attempt to increase their supposed autonomy, wellbeing and health. CFS and CFS/ME identities are however made not only through government, scientific, and medical interventions but also by the patients themselves, a biosocial community who collaborates with scientists, educates itself about the intricacies of biomedicine, and contests psychiatric truth claims...
June 8, 2018: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875617/identity-community-and-care-in-online-accounts-of-hereditary-colorectal-cancer-syndrome
#2
Emily Ross, Tineke Broer, Anne Kerr, Sarah Cunningham-Burley
Sociological literature has explored how shifts in the point at which individuals may be designated as diseased impact upon experiences of ill health. Research has shown that experiences of being genetically "at risk" are shaped by and shape familial relations, coping strategies, and new forms of biosociality. Less is known about how living with genetic risk is negotiated in the everyday and over time, and the wider forms of identity, communities and care this involves. This article explores these arrangements drawing on online bloggers' accounts of Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP)...
2018: New Genetics and Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775964/time-matters-for-intersex-bodies-between-socio-medical-time-and-somatic-time
#3
Limor Meoded Danon
This article focuses on the dynamic relationships between time and intersex bodies that exist, on the one hand, in medical policy on intersex bodies and, on the other, in intersex people's subjective experiences. Time, from a sociological perspective, is a biosocial agent that establishes diagnostic practices, regulations, and treatment policy regarding intersex bodies. The systematic construction of timeframes by biomedical professionals aims to rapidly diagnose and treat intersex patients and is deeply rooted in the "dimorphic soma-gender order" (DMSGO), the imagined unified relationship of female bodies to femininity and male bodies to masculinity...
May 8, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775832/stressed-out-an-investigation-of-whether-allostatic-load-mediates-associations-between-neighbourhood-deprivation-and-health
#4
Lucy Prior, David Manley, Kelvyn Jones
Deprived neighbourhoods have long been associated with poorer health outcomes. However, many quantitative studies have not evidenced the mechanisms through which place 'gets under the skin' to influence health. The increasing prevalence of biosocial data provides new opportunities to explore these mechanisms and incorporate them into models of contextual effects. The stress pathway is a key biosocial mechanism; however, few studies have explicitly tested it in neighbourhood associations. This paper addresses this gap by investigating whether allostatic load, a biological response to chronic stress, mediates relationships of neighbourhood deprivation to physical and mental health...
May 15, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767432/open-sepulchers-and-closed-boundaries-biodistance-analysis-of-cemetery-structure-and-postmarital-residence-in-the-late-prehispanic-andes
#5
Matthew C Velasco
OBJECTIVES: In the Late Intermediate Period Andes (AD 1100-1450), the proliferation of above-ground sepulchers reconfigured social boundaries within and between communities engaged in protracted conflict. However, the biosocial dimensions of these mortuary practices, and their implications for conflict and alliance formation, remain unexplored. This study examines patterns of phenotypic variation to: (1) evaluate if open sepulchers were organized on the basis of biological relatedness, and (2) explore if sex-specific phenotypic variability conforms to models of postmarital residence...
May 16, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756793/the-biosocial-foundation-of-the-early-vygotsky-educational-psychology-before-the-zone-of-proximal-development
#6
Moisés Esteban-Guitart
One of Lev Vygotsky's most widely known concepts in educational psychology is the zone of proximal development (ZPD), which he began to articulate in the last 2 years of his life and work (1933-1934). This article explores an earlier period in Vygotsky's career-well before he developed the concept of the ZPD-when he was actively involved in pedagogy and educational psychology. With reference to the research and teaching that Vygotsky carried out in Gomel and gathered together for publication some years later, this article highlights his initial conception of educational psychology, and then critically reviews four of his ideas from this first period, namely, (a) the pedagogical importance of the learner's individual experience ("ultimately, the child teaches himself"), (b) the pedagogical applications of interest ("from one interest of the child's to a new interest"), (c) the psychological value of play ("games are the child's first school of thought"), and (d) the link between life and education ("ultimately, only life educates")...
May 14, 2018: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700885/social-networks-cooperative-breeding-and-the-human-milk-microbiome
#7
Courtney L Meehan, Kimberly A Lackey, Edward H Hagen, Janet E Williams, Jennifer Roulette, Courtney Helfrecht, Mark A McGuire, Michelle K McGuire
OBJECTIVES: We present the first available data on the human milk microbiome (HMM) from small-scale societies (hunter-gatherers and horticulturalists in the Central African Republic [CAR]) and explore relationships among subsistence type and seasonality on HMM diversity and composition. Additionally, as humans are cooperative breeders and, throughout our evolutionary history and today, we rear offspring within social networks, we examine associations between the social environment and the HMM...
April 26, 2018: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695297/better-governance-better-access-practising-responsible-data-sharing-in-the-metadac-governance-infrastructure
#8
Madeleine J Murtagh, Mwenza T Blell, Olly W Butters, Lorraine Cowley, Edward S Dove, Alissa Goodman, Rebecca L Griggs, Alison Hall, Nina Hallowell, Meena Kumari, Massimo Mangino, Barbara Maughan, Melinda C Mills, Joel T Minion, Tom Murphy, Gillian Prior, Matthew Suderman, Susan M Ring, Nina T Rogers, Stephanie J Roberts, Catherine Van der Straeten, Will Viney, Deborah Wiltshire, Andrew Wong, Neil Walker, Paul R Burton
BACKGROUND: Genomic and biosocial research data about individuals is rapidly proliferating, bringing the potential for novel opportunities for data integration and use. The scale, pace and novelty of these applications raise a number of urgent sociotechnical, ethical and legal questions, including optimal methods of data storage, management and access. Although the open science movement advocates unfettered access to research data, many of the UK's longitudinal cohort studies operate systems of managed data access, in which access is governed by legal and ethical agreements between stewards of research datasets and researchers wishing to make use of them...
April 26, 2018: Human Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690790/neuroscience-of-addiction-relevance-to-prevention-and-treatment
#9
Nora D Volkow, Maureen Boyle
Addiction, the most severe form of substance use disorder, is a chronic brain disorder molded by strong biosocial factors that has devastating consequences to individuals and to society. Our understanding of substance use disorder has advanced significantly over the last 3 decades in part due to major progress in genetics and neuroscience research and to the development of new technologies, including tools to interrogate molecular changes in specific neuronal populations in animal models of substance use disorder, as well as brain imaging devices to assess brain function and neurochemistry in humans...
April 25, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553021/hyung-wook-park-old-age-new-science-gerontologists-and-their-biosocial-visions-1900-60-pittsburgh-pa-university-of-pittsburgh-press-2016-pp-viii-342-49-95-hardback-isbn-978-0-8229-4449-2
#10
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505951/linking-testosterone-and-antisocial-behavior-in-at-risk-transitional-aged-youth-contextual-effects-of-parentification
#11
Frances R Chen, Jacinda K Dariotis, Douglas A Granger
Parentification refers to parents bestowing adult-like roles on children within families, and studies have linked parentification to individual differences in risk and resilience. The depth of our understanding of the pathways that translate parentification into risk for negative developmental outcomes remains shallow. This study examined whether parentification has a contextual effect moderating the expression of links between testosterone and antisocial behavior. Eighty-three participants (M age = 21...
May 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475966/social-relationships-inflammation-and-cancer-survival
#12
Courtney E Boen, David A Barrow, Jeannette T Bensen, Laura Farnan, Adrian Gerstel, Laura H Hendrix, Yang Claire Yang
Background: Social stressors, such as social relationship deficits, have been increasingly linked to chronic disease outcomes, including cancer. However, critical gaps exist in our understanding of the nature and strength of such links, as well as the underlying biological mechanisms relating social relationships to cancer progression and survival. Methods: Utilizing novel questionnaire and biomarker data from the UNC Health Registry/Cancer Survivorship Cohort, this study examines the associations between diverse measures of social support and mortality risk among individuals with cancer ( N = 1,004)...
May 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473673/mississippian-subadults-from-the-middle-cumberland-and-eastern-regions-of-tennessee-biological-indicators-of-population-interaction
#13
Rebecca Scopa Kelso
OBJECTIVES: Human subadult skeletal remains can provide a unique perspective into biosocial aspects of Mississippian period population interactions within and between the Middle Cumberland (MCR) and Eastern Tennessee Regions (ETR). The majority of previous studies have concentrated on adult skeletal remains, leaving out a large and extremely important population segment. METHODS: Skeletal indicators of disease, growth, body proportions, and metabolic stress were collected from subadult remains from five archaeological sites over several temporal periods...
February 23, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353364/testosterone-and-proactive-reactive-aggression-in-youth-the-moderating-role-of-harsh-discipline
#14
Frances R Chen, Adrian Raine, Douglas A Granger
This study tests a biosocial model of the link between testosterone and proactive-reactive aggression in youth at varying levels of harsh discipline. Given that proactive aggression is used to gain power and status and the importance of social learning in its formation, we hypothesized that testosterone would be associated with proactive aggression at higher levels of harsh discipline, and that this relationship would be more pronounced in boys than girls. Participants (n = 445; 50% male; M age = 11...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320493/from-macro-to-microfactors-in-health-social-science-approaches-in-research-on-sexually-transmitted-infections
#15
Ruth Kutalek, Elena Jirovsky, Igor Grabovac
Ruth Kutalek and colleagues share their Perspective on Kipruto Chesang and colleagues' qualitative study of beliefs and practices among healthcare providers managing STIs in Kenya and discuss the value of this type of research for addressing biosocial challenges.
January 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294708/low-resting-heart-rate-and-stalking-perpetration
#16
Danielle Boisvert, Jessica Wells, Todd Armstrong, Richard H Lewis, Matthias Woeckener, Matt R Nobles
There is consistent evidence to suggest that individuals with low resting heart rate are more likely to engage in a variety of antisocial behaviors. The present study examines whether this finding can be extended to stalking perpetration. Drawing from fearlessness theory and stimulation-seeking theory, as well as conceptual work of Meloy and Fisher, we find that individuals with low resting heart rates had significantly greater odds of engaging in stalking behavior, net of controls for sex, age, race, self-control, parental affection, delinquent peers, attitudes/beliefs toward crime, and aggression...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275275/the-fluidity-of-biosocial-identity-and-the-effects-of-place-space-and-time
#17
REVIEW
Daniel Wiese, Jeronimo Rodriguez Escobar, Yohsiang Hsu, Rob J Kulathinal, Allison Hayes-Conroy
Public and scientific conceptions of identity are changing alongside advances in biotechnology, with important relevance to health and medicine. In particular, biological identity, once predominantly conceived as static (e.g., related to DNA, dental records, fingerprints) is now being recognized as dynamic or fluid, mirroring contemporary understandings of psychological and social identity. The dynamism of biological identity comes from the individual body's unique relationship with the world surrounding it, and therefore may best be described as biosocial...
February 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274182/screening-for-problem-gambling-within-mental-health-services-a-comparison-of-the-classification-accuracy-of-brief-instruments
#18
Nicki A Dowling, Stephanie S Merkouris, Victorian Manning, Rachel Volberg, Stuart J Lee, Simone N Rodda, Dan I Lubman
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Despite the over-representation of people with gambling problems in mental health populations, there is limited information available to guide the selection of brief screening instruments within mental health services. The primary aim was to compare the classification accuracy of nine brief problem gambling screening instruments (two to five items) with a reference standard among patients accessing mental health services. DESIGN: The classification accuracy of nine brief screening instruments was compared with multiple cut-off scores on a reference standard...
December 23, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241213/antibiotics-induced-obesity-a-mitochondrial-perspective
#19
Melisa J Andrade, Chinchu Jayaprakash, Smitha Bhat, Nikolaos Evangelatos, Angela Brand, Kapaettu Satyamoorthy
Antibiotics are the first line of treatment against infections and have contributed immensely to reduce the morbidity and mortality rates. Recently, extensive use of antibiotics has led to alterations of the gut microbiome, predisposition to various diseases and most importantly, increase in the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, which poses a major threat to global public health. Another major issue faced worldwide due to unregulated use of antibiotics in children as well as in adults is the influence of metabolism and body weight homeostasis, leading to obesity...
2017: Public Health Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228986/addressing-vulnerability-building-resilience-community-based-adaptation-to-vector-borne-diseases-in-the-context-of-global-change
#20
REVIEW
Kevin Louis Bardosh, Sadie J Ryan, Kris Ebi, Susan Welburn, Burton Singer
BACKGROUND: The threat of a rapidly changing planet - of coupled social, environmental and climatic change - pose new conceptual and practical challenges in responding to vector-borne diseases. These include non-linear and uncertain spatial-temporal change dynamics associated with climate, animals, land, water, food, settlement, conflict, ecology and human socio-cultural, economic and political-institutional systems. To date, research efforts have been dominated by disease modeling, which has provided limited practical advice to policymakers and practitioners in developing policies and programmes on the ground...
December 11, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
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