Read by QxMD icon Read

poststroke depression prediction scale

Eun-Jae Lee, Mi-Sun Oh, Jong S Kim, Dae-Il Chang, Jong-Ho Park, Jae-Kwan Cha, Ji Hoe Heo, Sung-Il Sohn, Dong-Eog Kim, Hahn Young Kim, Jei Kim, Woo-Keun Seo, Jun Lee, Sang-Won Park, Yun Joong Kim, Byung-Chul Lee
OBJECTIVE: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) putatively improve neurological recovery after stroke. We aimed to investigate whether serotonin transporter (SERT) gene polymorphisms are related to the responsiveness to SSRIs in the poststroke neurological recovery. METHODS: This was a post hoc analysis of the EMOTION study ( NCT01278498), a randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial examining the efficacy of escitalopram on emotional and neurological disturbances after acute stroke...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Anners Lerdal, Caryl L Gay
BACKGROUND: Fatigue during the acute phase following stroke has been shown to predict long-term physical health, specifically increased bodily pain and poorer self-rated general health. The aim of this analysis was to determine whether acute-phase fatigue also predicts patients' limitations in activities of daily living (ADL) 18 months after the first stroke. METHODS: Patients with first-ever stroke (N = 88) were recruited upon admission at 2 hospitals in Norway...
March 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Kelly A Danks, Ryan T Pohlig, Margie Roos, Tamara R Wright, Darcy S Reisman
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Many factors appear to be related to physical activity after stroke, yet it is unclear how these factors interact and which ones might be the best predictors. Therefore, the purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to examine the relationship between walking capacity and walking activity, and (2) to investigate how biopsychosocial factors and self-efficacy relate to walking activity, above and beyond walking capacity impairment poststroke. METHODS: Individuals greater than 3 months poststroke (n = 55) completed the Yesavage Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), Modified Cumulative Illness Rating (MCIR) Scale, Walk 12, Activities-Specific Balance Confidence (ABC) Scale, Functional Gait Assessment (FGA), and oxygen consumption testing...
October 2016: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
Amélie Ponchel, Julien Labreuche, Stéphanie Bombois, Christine Delmaire, Régis Bordet, Hilde Hénon
Poststroke fatigue (PSF) is frequent and affects patients' quality of life. Medication use was hypothesized as being responsible for PSF. Our objective was to evaluate potential relationships between 6-month PSF and medication use at discharge and 6 months after an ischemic stroke. This study is part of STROKDEM, an ongoing longitudinal cohort study, whose main aim is to determine predictors of poststroke dementia. Patients were included within 72 hours after an ischemic stroke and followed up with standardized evaluations...
2016: Stroke Research and Treatment
Walter Swardfager, Bradley J MacIntosh
Background Ten percent of stroke survivors develop dementia, which increases to more than a third after recurrent stroke. Other survivors develop less severe vascular cognitive impairment. In the general population, depression, and diabetes interact in predicting dementia risk, and they are both prevalent in stroke. Objective To assess the cumulative association of comorbid depressive symptoms and type 2 diabetes with cognitive outcomes among stroke survivors. Methods Multicenter observational cohort study of people within 6 months of stroke...
January 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
Ibrahim Saleh Al-Busaidi, Yassar Alamri
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are the two most frequent neuropsychiatric manifestations of stroke. In Saudi Arabia, there is a general lack of research into anxiety and depression in stroke patients when compared with physical complications. METHODS: We assessed the prevalence of anxiety and depression in 76 stroke patients from Saudi Arabia using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). RESULTS: In this study, 18.4% and 23.7% of the patients met the HADS criteria for moderate or severe anxiety and depression, respectively...
July 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Ján Mihalov, Peter Mikula, Jaroslav Budiš, Peter Valkovič
The aim of the study was to identify associations between the symptoms of poststroke apathy and sociodemographic, stroke-related (severity of stroke, degree of disability, and performance in activities of daily living), and radiological correlates. We determined the degree of cortical and subcortical brain atrophy, the severity of white matter and basal ganglia lesions on baseline computed tomography (CT) scans, and the localization of acute ischemia on control CT or magnetic resonance imaging scans in subacute stages of stroke...
July 2016: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Yingying Gu, Bin Han, Liping Wang, Yaling Chang, Lin Zhu, Wenwei Ren, Mengjiao Yan, Xiangyang Zhang, Jincai He
Poststroke depression (PSD) is a frequent complication of stroke that has been associated with poorer outcome of stroke patients. This study sought to examine the possible association between serum uric acid levels and the development of PSD.We recruited 196 patients with acute ischemic stroke and 100 healthy volunteers. Serum uric acid levels were tested by uricase-PAP method within 24 hr after admission. Neuropsychological evaluations were conducted at 3-month poststroke. The 17-item Hamilton Depression Scale was used to assess depressive symptoms...
November 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
Timo Siepmann, Jessica Kepplinger, Charlotte Zerna, Ulrike Schatz, Ana Isabel Penzlin, Lars-Peder Pallesen, Ben Min-Woo Illigens, Kerstin Weidner, Heinz Reichmann, Volker Puetz, Ulf Bodechtel, Kristian Barlinn
BACKGROUND: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) administered in patients following acute ischemic stroke have shown to improve clinical recovery independently of changes in depression. Animal studies have demonstrated that sustained SSRI treatment is superior to short-term SSRI in evoking neurogenesis but how this benefit translates into humans remains to be answered. We hypothesized that in acute ischemic stroke patients, SSRI treatment started before the event leads to improved short-term outcomes compared to de novo SSRI treatment poststroke...
August 2015: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Wai Kwong Tang, Lara Caeiro, Chieh Grace Lau, Huajun Liang, Vincent Mok, Gabor S Ungvari, Ka Sing Wong
BACKGROUND: Both apathy and suicide are common in poststroke patients. However, the association between poststroke apathy and suicide-related ideation (SI) in Chinese stroke patients is not clear and poorly understood. The aim of this study was to examine the association between apathy and SI in stroke. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the association in 518 stroke survivors from Acute Stroke Unit of the Prince of Wales Hospital in Hong Kong...
April 23, 2015: BMC Neurology
Fiona Duncan, Susan J Lewis, Carolyn A Greig, Martin S Dennis, Michael Sharpe, Alasdair M J MacLullich, Gillian E Mead
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The pathogenesis of poststroke fatigue is unclear. In this prospective study, we explored whether reduced physical activity might contribute to poststroke fatigue or be a consequence of it. METHODS: Patients with a recent acute stroke were assessed at 1, 6, and 12 months with, Fatigue Assessment Scale (FAS), a fatigue case definition, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Score, sleepiness, quality of life, and accelerometry (ActivPAL). Bivariate analyses determined associations between fatigue and step count at each time point...
April 2015: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Valeri Delgado Guajardo, Luisa Terroni, Matildes de Freitas Menezes Sobreiro, Maria Irene dos Santos Zerbini, Gisela Tinone, Milberto Scaff, Dan V Iosifescu, Mara Cristina Souza de Lucia, Renério Fráguas
BACKGROUND: Poststroke depressive symptoms have prospectively predicted impairment of health-related quality of life (HRQOL). However, it is not known whether such predictive effect is independent of HRQOL at 1 month after stroke. This study aimed to investigate the impact of depressive symptoms at 1 and 3 months after stroke on the 3-month poststroke HRQOL and to investigate the influence of the HRQOL measured at 1 month after stroke on these relationships. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 67 patients at 1 and 3 months after a first-ever ischemic stroke from 106 eligible patients who have been consecutively admitted to the neurology ward of a teaching hospital...
January 2015: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Minhee Suh, Smi Choi-Kwon, Jong S Kim
BACKGROUND: Poststroke sleep disturbances (PSSDs) are frequent and reported to be associated with unfavorable clinical outcomes. PSSDs appear to be related to a multitude of factors including lesion location and environmental causes. Moreover, depression and fatigue, which frequently develop in stroke patients may also contribute to PSSD development. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of PSSDs and factors related to PSSDs including depression and fatigue in hospitalized stroke patients...
August 2014: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Heidi Ormstad, Robert Verkerk, Karl-Friedrich Amthor, Leiv Sandvik
Many stroke survivors suffer from poststroke fatigue (PSF) and poststroke depression (PSD), indicating the importance of increasing the base of knowledge about the mechanisms underlying these sequelae. The primary aim of this study was to determine whether activation of the kynurenine (KYN) pathway predicts subsequent fatigue or depression in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients. Acute serum levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), tryptophan (TRP) catabolites (TRYCATs), and competing amino acids, as well as subsequent fatigue and depression, were measured in 45 stroke patients...
2014: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
Leeanne M Carey, Sheila Crewther, Olivier Salvado, Thomas Lindén, Alan Connelly, William Wilson, David W Howells, Leonid Churilov, Henry Ma, Tamara Tse, Stephen Rose, Susan Palmer, Pierrick Bougeat, Bruce C V Campbell, Soren Christensen, S Lance Macaulay, Jenny Favaloro, Victoria O' Collins, Simon McBride, Susan Bates, Elise Cowley, Helen Dewey, Tissa Wijeratne, Richard Gerraty, Thanh G Phan, Bernard Yan, Mark W Parsons, Chris Bladin, P Alan Barber, Stephen Read, Andrew Wong, Andrew Lee, Tim Kleinig, Graeme J Hankey, David Blacker, Romesh Markus, James Leyden, Martin Krause, Rohan Grimley, Neil Mahant, Jim Jannes, Jonathan Sturm, Stephen M Davis, Geoffrey A Donnan
RATIONALE: Stroke and poststroke depression are common and have a profound and ongoing impact on an individual's quality of life. However, reliable biological correlates of poststroke depression and functional outcome have not been well established in humans. AIMS: Our aim is to identify biological factors, molecular and imaging, associated with poststroke depression and recovery that may be used to guide more targeted interventions. DESIGN: In a longitudinal cohort study of 200 stroke survivors, the START-STroke imAging pRevention and Treatment cohort, we will examine the relationship between gene expression, regulator proteins, depression, and functional outcome...
June 2015: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
Anners Lerdal, Caryl L Gay
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether fatigue in the acute phase following stroke predicts long-term patient-reported physical and mental health outcomes 18 months later. METHODS: Patients (n = 96, mean age 67.8 years, SD 12.9) were assessed within 2 weeks of hospital admission for first-ever stroke (acute phase) and 18 months later. Measures included the Fatigue Severity Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory II. The Short Form-36 was used to assess self-reported physical and mental health...
October 29, 2013: Neurology
Svetlana Afanasiev, Judith Aharon-Peretz, Michal Granot
OBJECTIVE: Although poststroke depression (PSD) and reduction in quality of life (QOL) are prevalent among stroke patients, little is known about the contribution of personality traits to such impairments. This study examines whether particular personality traits predict PSD symptoms (PSDS) and reduction in QOL among stroke survivals using Cloninger's biopsychosocial personality model. We hypothesized that harm avoidance (HA), expressing the tendency to respond intensely to adverse stimuli, characterizes stroke survivors at risk for PSDS and reduction in QOL...
September 2013: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
W K Tang, Y K Chen, H J Liang, Winnie C W Chu, V C T Mok, Gabor S Ungvari, K S Wong
BACKGROUND: Apathy is common in stroke survivors. Unlike poststroke depression, apathy after stroke has not been extensively investigated and the significance of the location of infarcts in the development of apathy following a stroke is unknown. This study examined the association between poststroke apathy (PSA) and the location of infarcts. METHODS: A cohort of 185 patients with acute ischemic stroke admitted to the Stroke Unit of a university-affiliated regional hospital in Hong Kong was recruited...
2013: Cerebrovascular Diseases
Akin Ojagbemi, Mayowa Owolabi
BACKGROUND: The factors impacting poststroke functional dependency have not been adequately explored in sub-Saharan Africa. This study examined the risk factors for functional dependency in a group of Nigerian African stroke survivors. METHODS: One hundred twenty-eight stroke survivors attending a tertiary general hospital in southwestern Nigeria were consecutively recruited and assessed for functional dependency using the modified Rankin Scale (mRS). Stroke was diagnosed according to the World Health Organization criteria...
November 2013: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Nick Meader, Thirimon Moe-Byrne, Alexis Llewellyn, Alex J Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Major depression is common in stroke patients and associated with increased rates of disability and mortality. Identifying depression may improve mental and physical health. The aim of this review was to determine the most accurate tool for detecting poststroke depression. METHODS: Seven databases were searched up to November 2012. Two authors selected studies using International Classification of Disease  or Diagnostic and Statistical Manual diagnosis of depression as the reference standard...
February 2014: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"