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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467951/reverting-iodine-avidity-of-radioactive-iodine-refractory-thyroid-cancer-with-a-new-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-k905-0266-excavated-by-high-throughput-nis-sodium-iodide-symporter-enhancer-screening-platform-using-dual-reporter-gene-system
#1
Ji Min Oh, Senthilkumar Kalimuthu, Prakash Gangadaran, Se Hwan Baek, Liya Zhu, Ho Won Lee, Ramya Lakshmi Rajendran, Chae Moon Hong, Shin Young Jeong, Sang-Woo Lee, Jaetae Lee, Byeong-Cheol Ahn
Radioactive-iodine (RAI) therapy is typically unprevailing as anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) management, owing to the decrease in the endogenous sodium iodide symporter (NIS) expression. Therefore, new strategies for NIS re-induction are required to improve the efficacy of RAI therapy in ATC. In this study, we developed a novel high-throughput NIS enhancer screening platform using a dual reporter gene system to identify a potent tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) and selected a new hit compound, K905-0266 TKI...
January 23, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467858/effects-of-iodine-131-radiotherapy-on-th17-tc17-and-treg-th17-cells-of-patients-with-differentiated-thyroid-carcinoma
#2
Lixia Zhang, Jinyan Chen, Caiyun Xu, Lili Qi, Yan Ren
T helper 17 (Th17), T cytotoxic 17 (Tc17) and regulatory T (Treg) cells serve important roles in a number of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. The aim of the present study was to examine the distribution of Th17, Tc17 and Treg cells in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) prior to as well as 7, 30 and 90 days following radioactive iodine-131 (131 I) therapy, and to elucidate the probable effects of131 I therapy on Th17/Tc17 and Treg/Th17 cells in patients with DTC. A total of 40 patients with DTC (26 female; 14 male) between the ages of 24 and 72 years, as well as 13 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects were included in this study...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466241/in-iodine-induced-thyrotoxicosis-steroid-therapy-today-could-keep-the-surgical-knife-at-bay
#3
Rohan K Henry, Monika Chaudhari
BACKGROUND: Amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis (AIT) type 2, characterized as a destructive thyroiditis, is well described in the medical literature; however, iodine-induced thyrotoxicosis (IIT) is not, though the latter has similar features and can be managed similarly. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a 17-year-old female who presented with a history of an intermittent goiter with thyroid function tests (TFTs): thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)<0.015 (0.4-4 μU/mL), free thyroxine (T4)≥6 (0...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465605/a-false-positive-i-131-finding-of-duodenum-diverticulum-in-thyroid-cancer-evaluation-by-spect-ct-a-case-report
#4
Rang Wang, Ke Zhou, Qiuping Fan, Haotian Chen, Chengzhong Fan
RATIONALE: Iodine-131 (I-131) is a sensitive marker for the detection of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). I-131 whole-body scintigraphy (WBS) has been used widely in evaluation of DTC patient. However, I-131 WBS exists many false-positive uptake of I-131 because radioiodine uptake can also be seen in healthy tissue or in a variety of benign and malignant non-thyroidal tumors. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 44-year-old woman with a papillary thyroid carcinoma for the purpose of ablation therapy after a total thyroidectomy...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462007/risk-factors-for-recurrence-after-treatment-of-n1b-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#5
Sang Hun Lee, Jong-Lyel Roh, Gyungyup Gong, Kyung-Ja Cho, Seung-Ho Choi, Soon Yuhl Nam, Sang Yoon Kim
OBJECTIVES: To examine risk factors for posttreatment recurrence in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) patients with initial presentation of lateral neck metastasis (N1b). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: N1b PTC recurs after definitive treatment. METHODS: Study subjects were 437 consecutive PTC patients who underwent total thyroidectomy and therapeutic neck dissection of central and lateral compartments and postoperative radioactive iodine ablation therapy...
February 16, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455653/novel-targeted-therapies-and-immunotherapy-for-advanced-thyroid-cancers
#6
REVIEW
George E Naoum, Michael Morkos, Brian Kim, Waleed Arafat
Thyroid cancer is a frequently encountered endocrine malignancy. Despite the favorable prognosis of this disease, 15-20% of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) cases and most anaplastic types, remain resistant to standard treatment options, including radioactive iodine (RAI). In addition, around 30% of medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) cases show resistance after surgery. The evolving understanding of disease-specific molecular therapeutic targets has led to the approval of two targeted therapies (Sorafenib and Lenvatinib) for RAI refractory DTC and another two drugs (Vandetanib and Cabozantinib) for MTC...
February 19, 2018: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450988/salso-bromo-iodine-thermal-water-a-nonpharmacological-alternative-treatment-for-postnasal-drip-related-cough-in-children-with-upper-respiratory-tract-infections
#7
I La Mantia, G Ciprandi, A Varricchio, F Cupido, C Andaloro
Postnasal drip (PND)-related cough is a very common symptom in patients with upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs). At present, there is not a standard treatment for postnasal drip and postnasal drip-related cough. The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the efficacy of a specific salso-bromo-iodine thermal water containing hyaluronic acid and grapefruit seed extract (SBI-H-GSE) comparing it with a normal saline solution in children with URTIs who refer PND-related symptoms. The study was randomized, single-blind, and controlled...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446785/effects-of-salso-bromo-iodine-thermal-water-in-children-suffering-from-otitis-media-with-effusion-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#8
I La Mantia, C Andaloro
BACKGROUND: Otitis media with effusion (OME) is an ear disorder defined by the presence of fluid in the middle ear without signs or symptoms of acute infection. The aim of this randomised and controlled pilot study was to evaluate whether the treatment with a watery salsobromo- iodine solution, administered by nasal douche, could induce ear healing better than isotonic saline in children with OME. METHODS: The study was randomized, single-blind, and controlled. Study group (40 children) was treated with salso-bromo-iodine thermal water solution and Control group (40 children) was treated with isotonic saline; both compounds were administered by nasal nebulization with Rinowash nasal douche twice/day for 10 days a month for 3 consecutive months...
January 2018: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445473/graves-disease-coexisting-with-resistance-to-thyroid-hormone-a-rare-case
#9
Hongping Sun, Shuhang Xu, Shaofeng Xie, Wen Cao, Guofang Chen, Hongjie Di, Rendong Zheng, Xingjia Li, Xiaodong Mao, Chao Liu
A rare case of resistance to thyroid hormone (RTH) complicated with Graves' hyperthyroidism was reported. The management of this disease is similar to that of Graves' disease. Antithyroid drug therapy is the first choice, and iodine therapy and surgery are not recommended due to the possibility of severe hypothyroidism and enlargement of the pituitary gland.
February 2018: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430687/the-protective-effect-of-melatonin-on-sperm-quality-in-rat-after-radioiodine-treatment
#10
C Cebi Sen, N Yumusak, H I Atilgan, M Sadic, G Koca, M Korkmaz
This study was designed to investigate the potential radioprotective impact of melatonin on the testicular tissue and sperm quality in rat given radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy. Thirty-six male Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into three groups as untreated control (Group 1); oral radioiodine group (RAI, 111 MBq, administrated rats); and RAI+melatonin group (oral radioiodine and intraperitoneal 12 mg/kg/day melatonin, starting 2 days before and continuing for 1 week after oral RAI administration)...
February 11, 2018: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419687/synchronous-papillary-thyroid-cancer-and-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-case-report
#11
Georgi I Popivanov, Pavel Bochev, Radka Hristoskova, Ventsislav M Mutafchiyski, Mihail Tabakov, Anthony Philipov, Roberto Cirocchi
RATIONALE: Differentiated thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy with concomitant hematological malignancy in 7%. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a case of a synchronous papillary thyroid cancer and a follicular variant of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and discuss the possible diagnostic and treatment dilemmas. DIAGNOSIS: A 48-year-old female was reffered to our hospital with diagnosis "thyroid cancer". Due to a history compatable of synchronous lymphoproliferative disease we performed a computed tomography, which revealed multiple enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, mediastinum, axilla and abdomen...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412392/coexistence-of-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-and-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-in-a-patient-affected-by-hashimoto-s-thyroiditis
#12
Maria Trovato, Giuseppe Giuffrida, Antonino Seminara, Simone Fogliani, Vittorio Cavallari, Rosaria Maddalena Ruggeri, Alfredo Campennì
Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common type of thyroid cancer. On the contrary, primary thyroid lymphoma (PTL) is a rare disease, accounting for 2% to 5% of all thyroid malignancies. Despite several cases in which both PTC and PTL arise in the setting of Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), the coexistence of both tumors in HT patients is very rare. Herein we report the case of a 66-year-old woman with long-standing nodular HT under replacement therapy, who presented with a fast, painless enlargement in the right anterior side of the neck...
December 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412384/thyroglobulin-levels-before-radioactive-iodine-therapy-and-dynamic-risk-stratification-after-1-year-in-patients-with-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#13
Leonardo Bandeira, Rosália do Prado Padovani, Ana Luiza Ticly, Adriano Namo Cury, Nilza Maria Scalissi, Marília Martins Silveira Marone, Carolina Ferraz
OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess the relationship between stimulated thyroglobulin (sTg) before radioactive iodine therapy (RIT), and the dynamic risk stratification 1 year after treatment, and to establish the utility of the sTg as a predictor of response to therapy in these patients. A retrospective chart review of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) who underwent RIT after surgery and were followed for at least 1 year, was carried out. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patients were classified according to the dynamic risk stratification 1 year after initial treatment...
December 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405275/surgeon-volume-and-prognosis-of-patients-with-advanced-papillary-thyroid-cancer-and-lateral-nodal-metastasis
#14
H I Kim, T H Kim, J-H Choe, J-H Kim, J S Kim, Y N Kim, H Kim, S W Kim, J H Chung
BACKGROUND: Surgery is the most important treatment modality for papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). However, the relationship between surgeon volume and long-term oncological outcomes has not been explored. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with N1b PTC after initial thyroid surgery between 1 July 1994 and 31 December 2011 were eligible for inclusion in the study. Surgeons were categorized into high (at least 100 operations per year) and low (fewer than 100 operations per year) volume groups...
February 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402848/do-statins-affect-thyroid-volume-and-nodule-size-in-patients-with-hyperlipidemia-in-a-mildly-to-moderately-iodine-deficient-region-a-prospective-study
#15
Canan Demir, Cuneyd Anil, Yusuf Bozkus, Umut Mousa, Altug Kut, Asli Nar, Neslihan B Tutuncu
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the anti-proliferative pleiotropic effects of statins on thyroid function, volume and nodularity. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred and six hyperlipidemic patients were included in this prospective study. Sixty nine patients in the statin groups received atorvastatin (16 patients received 10 mg, 18 received 20 mg) or rosuvastatin (20 patients received 10 mg, 15 received 20 mg); 37 patients in the control group assessed as not requiring drugs only made lifestyle changes...
January 23, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399055/refractory-thyroid-carcinoma-which-systemic-treatment-to-use
#16
REVIEW
Laurence Faugeras, Anne-Sophie Pirson, Julian Donckier, Luc Michel, Julien Lemaire, Sebastien Vandervorst, Lionel D'Hondt
The incidence of thyroid cancer has increased markedly in recent decades, but has been stable in terms of mortality rates. For the most part, these cancers are treated with surgery, which may or may not be followed by radioactive iodine depending on the tumor subtype. Still, many of these cancers will recur and may be treated with radioactive iodine or another surgery. It is unclear what treatment is best for cases of locally advanced or metastatic thyroid cancer that are refractory to radioactive iodine. Chemotherapy has a very low response rate...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393178/brachytherapy-of-intracranial-gliomas
#17
Silke Birgit Nachbichler, Friedrich-Wilhelm Kreth
Interstitial implantation of radioactive materials (brachytherapy [BT]) has been designed to protractedly deliver a high radiation dose to a well-defined target volume, while minimizing irradiation of the adjacent normal tissues. Even though promising results have been reported over time, the role of this treatment modality in the management of brain tumors is still poorly defined, and only a few centers worldwide apply it in clinical practice. Nevertheless, temporary or permanent interstitial implantation of low activity (<20 mCi) and low dose rate (≤10 cGy/h) iodine-125 (125I) seeds as possible therapy of intracranial gliomas is currently undergoing a definite revival, and several indications for its use have been identified...
2018: Progress in Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390537/anca-positive-relapsing-polychondritis-graves-disease-and-suspected-moyamoya-disease-a-case-report
#18
Yi-Yi Xuan, Tian-Fang Li, Lei Zhang, Sheng-Yun Liu
RATIOINALE: Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is a rare and heterogeneous disease complex of unknown origin which basically affects cartilaginous structures, 40% of which accompanied by rheumatic, hematologic, and endocrine disease. Among them, vasculitis is the most common accompanying type and usually presented with positive antineutrophilic cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA). The presence of ANCA could be primary or drug-induced like propylthiouracil (PTU). Central involvement of RP is very rare, and there is almost no report of cerebral vasculopathy manifested as moyamoya...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386210/two-patients-with-localised-hyperhidrosis-of-the-hand-based-on-functional-and-structural-abnormalities-of-sweat-glands
#19
Bjørn H Kristiansen, Kim H Lindahl, Kristine A U Pallesen, Anette Bygum
A 14-year-old girl and a 30-year-old woman presented with localised hyperhidrosis on the dorsal hand and wrist, respectively, provoked by different stimuli such as physical activity and minor trauma to the skin. The skin was seemingly normal in both patients where an iodine-starch test revealed a well-demarcated area of hyperhidrosis. Following histopathological examination, the diagnosis was unilateral localised hyperhidrosis in both cases; one with normal histology and one with a nevus sudoriferous. Both patients were successfully treated with botulinum toxin type A...
January 31, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381585/clinico-social-factors-to-choose-radioactive-iodine-dose-in-differentiated-thyroid-cancer-patients-an-asian-survey
#20
Zeenat Jabin, Seong Young Kwon, Hee-Seung Bom, Yansong Lin, Ke Yang, Anri Inaki, Ayu Rosemeilia Dewi, Akram N Al-Ibraheem, Batool Al Balooshi, Teofilo O L San Luis
OBJECTIVE: This survey was designed to investigate the practice of radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy and clinico-social factors related to RAI dose in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) patients among Asian countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey questionnaire was mailed to Asian Nuclear Medicine physicians that addressed the infrastructure, general regulations on RAI therapy, adherence to recommendations, RAI dose selection, factors to elevate RAI dose, and follow-up protocols in DTC patients...
January 29, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Communications
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