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Shin Hye Kim, Su-Jong Kim, Hwibin Im, Tae-Hun Kim, Jae-Jun Song, Sung-Won Chae
This is the first study reporting on the incidence and clinical aspects of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) in South Korea. Using Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service data from 2011 to 2015, the monthly incidence of unilateral SSNHL and incidence according to patients' sex, age, and month of diagnosis were investigated. The monthly incidence of unilateral SSNHL increased over the 5-year study period, with a mean annual incidence of 17.76 cases/ 100,000 of the population. The incidence increased with age, with most patients presenting in their 60s...
February 20, 2018: Audiology & Neuro-otology
Su Young Jung, Haeng Seon Shim, Young Min Hah, Sang Hoon Kim, Seung Geun Yeo
Importance: Each of the 5 diagnostic criteria or factors of metabolic syndrome-hyperglycemia or type 2 diabetes, hypertension, obesity, elevated triglyceride levels, and decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level-is associated with the pathophysiologic features of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL). Little is known, however, about the association of metabolic syndrome, defined as the presence of at least 3 of these factors, with the prognosis of SSNHL. Objective: To evaluate the association of metabolic syndrome with the rate of recovery from SSNHL...
February 15, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
M Marx, E Younes, S S Chandrasekhar, J Ito, S Plontke, S O'Leary, O Sterkers
Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is a common and alarming symptom that often prompts an urgent visit to an ENT specialist. Treatment of SSNHL remains one of the most problematic issues for contemporary otorhinolaryngology: although many meta-analyses and national guidelines have been issued, management is not standardized in terms of medical treatment, and duration and route of administration. We present several methodological suggestions for the study of treatments for SSNHL. These were developed from the existing level of evidence of the main treatments used in SSNHL by experts who convened at the IFOS 2017 ENT World Congress in Paris, France...
February 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Qi Li, Xiaohong Peng, Haoran Huang, Jingjing Li, Fan Wang, Jie Wang
This study aimed to identify miRNAs that may contribute to the pathogenesis of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) by RNA-seq (RNA-sequencing).RNA was extracted from SSNHL patients and healthy volunteers, respectively. Sequencing was performed on HiSeq4000 platform. After filtering, clean reads were mapped to the human reference genome hg19. Differential expression analysis of miRNAs between the SSNHL samples and the normal samples was performed using DEseq to identify differentially expressed microRNAs (DEMs)...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
So Young Kim, Songyong Sim, Hyung-Jong Kim, Hyo Geun Choi
The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of myocardial infarction (MI) in SSNHL subjects with differently matched control groups. The Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service - National Sample Cohort recruited subjects from 2002 to 2013. We used two study designs. In study I, we matched 4,467 SSNHL participants with a control group (17,868 subjects with no history of SSNHL) based on demographic factors (age, sex, income, and region of residence) and medical history (diabetes, dyslipidemia, and hypertension)...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
Masoud Motasaddi Zarandy, Mohammad Taghi Ashtiani, Shahin Bastaninejad, Sasan Dabiri Satri, Sevil Nasirmohtaram, Nourullah Agha Ebrahimi
This is an analytic-descriptive study, parallel with a randomized, controlled trial performed at Amir'Alam Hospital, a tertiary referral center, with the aim of evaluating the correlation between otoacoustic emission (OAE) and auditory brainstem response (ABR) findings with hearing outcome after treatment of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL). Sixty patients with idiopathic SSNHL who presented to the emergency services and otology clinics between 2012 and 2014, and whose symptoms had begun <10 days previously, enrolled in this study...
December 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Rosh K V Sethi, Iman Ghanad, Vivek Kanumuri, Barbara Herrmann, Elliott D Kozin, Aaron K Remenschneider
OBJECTIVE: Mobile hearing applications (apps) are available for hearing testing, personal sound amplification, as well as hearing aid modulation. Hearing testing apps are gaining popularity, especially in resource-limited settings. The reliability of mobile hearing testing apps, however, is not well characterized. PATIENTS/INTERVENTIONS: A case study of a single patient with a complaint of sudden hearing loss presenting to a tertiary-care hospital. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Comparison of a mobile hearing testing app results with standard audiogram...
January 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Atsushi Fukuda, Shinya Morita, Yuji Nakamaru, Kimiko Hoshino, Keishi Fujiwara, Shigeru Akazawa, Tomohiro Sakashita, Nobuyuki Obara, Akihiro Homma
OBJECTIVE: Although elevated anti-mumps IgM antibody levels were reported in 5.7%-7.2% of Japanese patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL), there were several reports of false-positive cases, such as the continually IgM positive case and the IgM positive case in normal adults. To improve specificity, the new enzyme immuno assay (EIA) anti-mumps IgM antibody measurement kit was introduced in December 2009. This study re-examined the frequency of anti-mumps IgM antibody test positivity with SSNHL using the new measurement kit and compared the results with those from a previous report that used old kit...
December 7, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Mohammadtaghi Khorsandi Ashtiani, Farzad Firouzi, Shahin Bastaninejad, Sasan Dabiri, Sevil Nasirmohtaram, Niloufar Saeedi, Hossein Ghazavi, Leyla Sahebi
OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to compare the rates of recovery from idiopathic sudden deafness after the treatment with oral and intratympanic corticosteroids in both mono and combination therapies. STUDY DESIGN: Triple-blind randomized clinical trial. SETTINGS: Tertiary referral hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 112 patients who were admitted to the ENT emergency department randomly divided into three groups: an oral corticosteroid plus intratympanic placebo (systemic corticosteroid monotherapy group); an intratympanic corticosteroid plus oral placebo group (IT monotherapy group); and a combination therapy group (IT plus systemic combination group)...
January 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Ozlem Konukseven, Sule Kaya, Aydan Genc, Nuray Bayar Muluk, Figen Suren Basar, Gunay Kirkim, Ulku Tuncer, Erkan Karatas, Cigdem Topcu, Hilal Bolat, Ilknur Dincol
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to discover Turkish regional differences in the risk factors of newborn hearing loss. METHOD: A multi-centered retrospective design was used. A total of 443 children, registered to the national newborn hearing screening programme, with bilateral hearing loss, from five different regions of Turkey, were evaluated in terms of the types of hearing loss, the degree of hearing loss, the types of risk factors, parental consanguinity, age at diagnosis and age of auditory intervention, respectively...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Yildiz Arslan, İlker Burak Arslan, Huriye Aydin, Özlem Yağiz, Figen Tokuçoğlu, İbrahim Çukurova
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) and migraine, assess the prevalence of migraine in patients with idiopathic SSNHL, and determine a possible common vascular etiopathogenesis for migraine and SSNHL. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: This study initially assessed 178 SSNHL cases obtained from the Head and Neck Surgery Clinic patient database at a tertiary hospital in Turkey between January 2011 and March 2016...
December 2017: Otology & Neurotology
N K Prenzler, B Schwab, D M Kaplan, S El-Saied
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the role of explorative tympanotomy in patients with Profound Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss (SSNHL) without clinical evidence of perilymphatic or labyrinthine fistula and to compare intraoperative findings with the postoperative hearing outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of all patients diagnosed with SSNHL who underwent explorative tympanotomy between 2002 and 2005. SETTINGS: Tertiary care university-affiliated hospital...
January 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Andrea Ciorba, Virginia Corazzi, Luca Cerritelli, Chiara Bianchini, Giovanni Scanelli, Claudia Aimoni
OBJECTIVE: To present a case of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) and the related diagnostic workup. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: A 54-year-old man presented with a unilateral SSNHL episode and vertigo. A severe patent foramen ovale (PFO) that included a complete ear nose and throat, audiological, and neurological examination was discovered during the diagnostic workup. Audiometry, blood, and serological tests were performed. Magnetic resonance imaging and color Doppler echography of the supra-aortic trunks and lower limbs were carried out...
2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Maryam T Fazel, Patrick M Jedlowski, Robert B Cravens, Brian L Erstad
Among various forms of hearing loss, there are acute (within 72 hrs) or subacute (weeks to months) presentations that may be reversible with early pharmacological intervention. The workup of a patient presenting with hypoacusia includes the usual history and physical examination in conjunction with an audiometric assessment in order to categorize the hearing loss as conductive, sensorineural, or mixed. Sudden sensorineural hearing loss and autoimmune inner ear disease are acute and subacute forms of sensorineural hypoacusia most likely to be reversed with prompt pharmacological intervention...
December 2017: Pharmacotherapy
Omer J Ungar, Oren Cavel, Yahav Oron, Anat Wengier, Oshri Wasserzug, Ophir Handzel
OBJECTIVE: To examine the value of a subjective numerical rating scale (NRS) in the initial evaluation of patients suspected of suffering from unilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) until a formal audiogram is available. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective noncontrolled clinical study. METHODS: Thirty-one consecutive patients referred to the emergency department due to suspected unilateral SSNHL and with no other aural pathology by history or physical examination were enrolled...
2017: Audiology & Neuro-otology
Jiwon Cho, Hanjae Cheon, Jung Hye Park, Hyo-Jeong Lee, Hyung-Jong Kim, Hyo Geun Choi, Ja-Won Koo, Sung Kwang Hong
Although recent advances in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques have contributed to the detection of tiny lesions in the internal auditory canal (IAC) that may be responsible for sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL), there have been relatively few studies on the clinical characteristics of intra-labyrinthine hemorrhage (ILH) and labyrinthitis versus those regarding IAC tumors. Our purpose was to investigate the frequency of those IAC lesions on MRI and their clinical characteristics. Initial MRIs of 200 patients with SSNHL (93 men, 107 women; mean age = 48...
2017: PloS One
Jin Youp Kim, Jae Joon Han, Woong Sang Sunwoo, Ja-Won Koo, Seung-Ha Oh, Min-Hyun Park, Young Ho Kim
OBJECTIVE: Although many studies have investigated sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) in adults, there were few studies on SSNHL in the pediatric population; especially research on treatment and prognosis of pediatric SSNHL was limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical characteristics, treatment outcomes and prognostic factors in children and adolescents with SSNHL. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records of 67 pediatric patients (67 ears) who had diagnosed with SSNHL at our hospitals was performed to analyze patients' clinical manifestations and audiograms...
September 6, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Yuanyuan Sun, Yang Guo, Hui Wang, Zhengnong Chen, Yaqin Wu, Haibo Shi, Yanmei Feng, Shankai Yin
We explored possible relationships between sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) in patients differing in terms of audiographic data and the levels of vascular markers in routine blood data.We included 37 patients with low-frequency SSNHL (LF-SSNHL), 28 with high-frequency SSNHL (HF-SSNHL), 32 with all-frequency SSNHL (AF-SSNHL), 32 with total-deafness SSNHL (TD-SSNHL), and 31 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Peripheral venous blood samples were collected, and routine blood parameters including platelet and lymphocyte count, mean platelet volume (MPV), and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) were measured...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Dong Sun Kim, Dong Woo Park, Tae Yoon Kim, Sangjoon Lee, Young Jun Lee, Ji Young Lee, Seung Hwan Lee, Jae Ho Chung
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of labyrinthine hemorrhage as a cause of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL). METHODS: MRI scans of 59 patients with SSNHL were retrospectively analyzed and compared to clinical features and audiometry data. MR images included pre-enhanced T1-weighted, 3D FLAIR volume isometric turbo spin-echo acquisition (VISTA), post-enhanced T1-weighted and 4-h-delayed enhanced FLAIR VISTA, and 3D thin-section proton density-weighted images...
December 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
J Hou, H Qi, Y H Dai, X M Wei, L Lu, J G Wang, W D She
Objective: To investigate the correlation between the proliferation inhibition effect of glucocorticoid (GC) on peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) and the pure tone average (PTA) improvement in SSNHL patients. Methods: Sixty inpatients with SSNHL were included from July 2013 to October 2015 in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University. Peripheral venous blood was collected before receiving treatment, then the PBMC was isolated for GC proliferation inhibition. PBMCs of each patient were cultivated into 4 groups: Group A: PBMCs+ Medium; Group B: PBMCs+ Medium+ lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 1 μmol/L); Group C: PBMCs+ Medium+ LPS+ Dexamethasone; Group D: Medium...
August 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
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