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sleeve gastrectomy and gastric bypass

Colette S Inaba, Christina Y Koh, Sarath Sujatha-Bhaskar, Jack P Silva, Yanjun Chen, Danh V Nguyen, Ninh T Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Contemporary mortality after bariatric surgery is low and has been decreasing over the past two decades. Most studies have reported inpatient or 30-day mortality, which may not represent the true risk of bariatric surgery. The objective of this study was to examine 1-year mortality and factors predictive of 1-year mortality after contemporary laparoscopic bariatric surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Using the 2008-2012 Bariatric Outcomes Longitudinal Database (BOLD), data from 158,606 operations were analyzed, including 128,349 (80...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Richard Welbourn, Dimitri Pournaras
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Maher El Chaar, Peter Lundberg, Jill Stoltzfus
BACKGROUND: According to recent American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery estimates, sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is now the most commonly performed procedure in the United States (~53.8% of all bariatric procedures), followed by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB; 23.1% of all procedures). OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate outcomes and safety of these 2 procedures in the first 30 days postoperatively using the Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program data registry...
January 13, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Friedrich C Jassil, Alisia Carnemolla, Helen Kingett, Bruce Paton, Aidan G O'Keeffe, Jacqueline Doyle, Stephen Morris, Neville Lewis, Amy Kirk, Andrea Pucci, Kusuma Chaiyasoot, Rachel L Batterham
INTRODUCTION: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy are the two most common bariatric surgery performed in the UK that result in comparable weight loss and remission of obesity-associated comorbidities. However, there is a paucity of studies examining the impact of these procedures on body composition, physical activity levels, sedentary behaviour, physical function and strength, dietary intake, health-related quality of life and costs. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The BARI-LIFESTYLE observational study is a 1-year prospective, longitudinal cohort study within a real-world routine clinical care setting aiming to recruit 100 patients with severe obesity undergoing either primary Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy from two bariatric centres in London, UK...
March 16, 2018: BMJ Open
Amit Surve, Daniel Cottam, Andres Sanchez-Pernaute, Antonio Torres, Joshua Roller, Yong Kwon, Joshua Mourot, Bleu Schniederjan, Bo Neichoy, Paul Enochs, Michael Tyner, Jon Bruce, Scott Bovard, Mitchell Roslin, Muhammad Jawad, Andre Teixeira, Myur Srikanth, Jason Free, Hinali Zaveri, David Pilati, Jamie Bull, LeGrand Belnap, Christina Richards, Walter Medlin, Rena Moon, Austin Cottam, Sarah Sabrudin, Samuel Cottam, Aneesh Dhorepatil
BACKGROUND: The single-anastomosis duodenal switch procedure is a type of duodenal switch that involves a loop anastomosis rather than traditional Roux-en-Y reconstruction. To date, there have been no multicenter studies looking at the complications associated with post-pyloric loop reconstruction. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to report the incidence of complications associated with loop duodeno-ileostomy (DI) following single-anastomosis duodenal switch (SADS) procedures...
February 2, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Usha K Coblijn, Sjoerd M Lagarde, Christel A L de Raaff, Bart A van Wagensveld, Ellen M A Smets
BACKGROUND: The decision to undergo bariatric surgery is multifactorial and made both by patient and doctor. Information is of the utmost importance for this decision. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the bariatric surgery patient's preferences regarding information provision in bariatric surgery. SETTING: A teaching hospital, bariatric center of excellence in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. METHODS: All patients who underwent a primary laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy between September 2013 and September 2014 were approached by mail to participate...
January 31, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Jung-Chien Chen, Nan-Yung Hsu, Wei-Jei Lee, Shu-Chun Chen, Kong-Han Ser, Yi-Chih Lee
BACKGROUND: Metabolic surgery has become increasingly accepted for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, there is limited evidence regarding the optimal candidate and surgical procedure. Although a new individualized metabolic surgery (IMS) score was recently proposed for procedure selection, it has yet to be validated. OBJECTIVE: To validate the IMS score with regard to remission of T2D after metabolic surgery and compare it with the age, body mass index, C-peptide level, and duration of T2D (ABCD) score...
January 31, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Luciana Teixeira de Siqueira, Marcela Silvestre Outtes Wanderley, Roberto Afonso da Silva, Adriana da Silva Andrade Pereira, José Luiz de Lima Filho, Álvaro Antônio Bandeira Ferraz
BACKGROUND: Obesity has been associated with the development of various types of cancer. Biomarker studies may provide molecular level knowledge of the factors involved in this association, improving clinical practice through new methods of prevention and treatment. PURPOSE: The present study aimed to analyze proteins found in the plasma of obese patients prior to and 6 months after bariatric surgery, using body mass index (BMI) and percentage total weight loss (%TWL) to evaluate, in a prospective manner, the effects of weight loss on the regulation of proteins related to the appearance of tumors...
March 10, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Uri Kaplan, Scott Penner, Forough Farrokhyar, Nicole Andruszkiewicz, Ruth Breau, Scott Gmora, Dennis Hong, Mehran Anvari
PURPOSE: Older age (> 60) has been considered a relative contraindication for bariatric surgery due to increased complication risk. This study examined the risks and benefits of bariatric surgery for patients older than 60 years in Canadian population. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of the Ontario Bariatric Registry: a database recording peri-operative and post-operative outcomes of publicly funded bariatric surgeries across the province. Patients who completed 1 year follow-up, who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass (LRYGB) or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) between January 2010 and May 2013, were divided into older (> 60) and younger (> 60) cohorts, and outcomes were compared...
March 10, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Andrew Schneider, Deborah A Hutcheon, Allyson Hale, Joseph A Ewing, Megan Miller, John D Scott
BACKGROUND: Many insurance companies require patient participation in a medically supervised weight management program (WMP) before offering approval for bariatric surgery. Clinical data surrounding benefits of participation are limited. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between preoperative insurance-mandated WMP participation and postoperative outcomes in bariatric surgery patients. SETTING: Regional referral center and teaching hospital...
February 2, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Gianfranco Donatelli, Ludovica Guerriero, Fabrizio Cereatti, Kostantinos Arapis, Carmelisa Dammaro, Jean-Loup Dumont, David Fuks, Silvana Perretta
INTRODUCTION: Proximal gastric leak is one of the most common complications after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Endoscopy is the gold standard treatment for acute staple-line leaks. Surgery is the most effective treatment modality in case of chronic fistula. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 55-year- old man presented an acute leak after LSG. The leak was treated with metal stent deployment with temporary closure. After 6 months, he presented leak recurrence with general sepsis, perigastric-infected collection, and gastro-jejunal fistula...
March 9, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Zubaidah Nor Hanipah, Suriya Punchai, Stacy A Brethauer, Philip R Schauer, Ali Aminian
INTRODUCTION: While bariatric surgery leads to significant prevention and improvement of type 2 diabetes, patients may rarely develop diabetes after bariatric surgery. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and the characteristic of new-onset diabetes after bariatric surgery over a 17-year period at our institution. METHODS: Non-diabetic patients who underwent bariatric surgery at a single academic center (1997-2013) and had a postoperative glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) ≥ 6...
March 9, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Salman AlSabah, Eliana Al Haddad, Saud Al-Subaie, Shehab Ekrouf, Khaled Alenezi, Ahmad Almulla, Mohannad Alhaddad
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has become the most performed bariatric procedure as of 2015. However, inadequate weight loss may present the need for revisional procedures. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to analyze the efficacy of single-anastomosis gastric bypass (SAGB) in attaining successful weight loss following an initial LSG. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on all patients who underwent LSG at Amiri Hospital, Kuwait from 2008 to 2017...
March 8, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Amador García Ruiz de Gordejuela, Almino Cardoso Ramos, Manoel Galvao Neto, Mario Nora, Antonio J Torres García, Andrés Sánchez Pernaute, Jordi Pujol Gebelli
INTRODUCTION: Live surgery is a topic of interest at every meeting or course in the field of surgery. The potential of laparoscopy for live broadcasting makes it an excellent tool in continuing medical education. Surgeons who participate in live surgeries are usually experienced, but several conditions may influence the results and safety of a procedure. OBJECTIVES: To analyze safety and outcomes in a series of patients who underwent surgery in the last 10 years in a live surgery course at our institution...
March 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Andrew J Beamish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Sandhya B Kumar, Barbara C Hamilton, Stephanie G Wood, Stanley J Rogers, Jonathan T Carter, Matthew Y Lin
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has become popular due to its technical ease and excellent short-term results. Understanding the risk profile of LSG compared with the gold standard laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is critical for patient selection. OBJECTIVES: To use traditional regression techniques and random forest classification algorithms to compare LSG with LRYGB using the 2015 Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Data Registry...
March 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Romano Schneider, Ioannis Lazaridis, Marko Kraljević, Christoph Beglinger, Bettina Wölnerhanssen, Ralph Peterli
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing use of bariatric surgery as the most effective treatment of morbid obesity, there is still no consensus on its preoperative diagnostic workup. The aim of this study was to identify the pathologies of the endoscopic and radiologic investigations before performing bariatric surgery and to evaluate their impact on the patient management. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of 1225 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (n = 834) or sleeve gastrectomy (n = 391) at our institution...
January 12, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Jaime Ruiz-Tovar, José Luis Muñoz, Pablo Royo, Manuel Duran, Elisabeth Redondo, Jose Manuel Ramirez
INTRODUCTION: The essence of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) programs is the multimodal approach, and many authors have demonstrated safety and feasibility in fast track bariatric surgery. According to this concept, a multidisciplinary ERAS program for bariatric surgery has been developed by the Spanish Fast Track Group (ERAS Spain). The aim of this study was to analyze the initial implementation of this Spanish National ERAS protocol in bariatric surgery, comparing it with a historical cohort receiving standard care...
March 8, 2018: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
Mario Musella, Valeria Cantoni, Roberta Green, Wanda Acampa, Nunzio Velotti, Paola Maietta, Alberto Cuocolo
BACKGROUND: To demonstrate the lack of utility and efficacy of routine early postoperative upper gastrointestinal study (UGI) in obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery and to show the higher efficacy of CT scan in cases of clinical suspicion of a leakage, a meta-analysis was performed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search including articles published in last 18 years was performed. For both UGI and CT scan, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) were calculated...
March 7, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Piers R Boshier, Matyas Fehervari, Sheraz R Markar, Sanjay Purkayastha, Patrik Spanel, David Smith, George B Hanna
BACKGROUND: Dietary restriction together with alteration of the gastrointestinal tract results in major metabolic changes and significant weight loss in patients undergoing bariatric surgery. Current methods of measuring these changes are often inaccurate and lack a molecular basis. The objective of this study was to determine the role of exhaled ketones as non-invasive markers of nutritional status in patients undergoing surgical treatment of obesity. METHODS: Patients at different stages of treatment for obesity were recruited to this single-centre cross-sectional study...
March 7, 2018: Obesity Surgery
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