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sleeve gastrectomy and gastric bypass

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707172/long-term-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-single-center-retrospective-study
#1
Piotr K Kowalewski, Robert Olszewski, Maciej S Walędziak, Michał R Janik, Andrzej Kwiatkowski, Natalia Gałązka-Świderek, Krzysztof Cichoń, Jakub Brągoszewski, Krzysztof Paśnik
INTRODUCTION: Sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is one of the most popular bariatric procedures. We present our long-term results regarding weight loss, comorbidities, and gastric reflux disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We identified patients who underwent LSG in our institution between 2006 and 2009. We revised the data, and the patients with outdated contact details were tracked with the national health insurance database and social media (facebook). Each of the identified patients was asked to complete an online or telephone survey covering, among others, their weight and comorbidities...
July 13, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703939/adaptation-of-the-by-band-randomized-clinical-trial-to-by-band-sleeve-to-include-a-new-intervention-and-maintain-relevance-of-the-study-to-practice
#2
C A Rogers, B C Reeves, J Byrne, J L Donovan, G Mazza, S Paramasivan, R C Andrews, S Wordsworth, J Thompson, J M Blazeby, R Welbourn
BACKGROUND: Recruitment into surgical RCTs can be threatened if new interventions available outside the trial compete with those being evaluated. Adapting the trial to include the new intervention may overcome this issue, yet this is not often done in surgery. This paper describes the challenges, rationale and methods for adapting an RCT to include a new intervention. METHODS: The By-Band study was designed in the UK in 2009-2010 to compare the effectiveness of laparoscopic adjustable gastric band and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for severe obesity...
August 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702740/large-bariatric-specific-stents-and-over-the-scope-clips-in-the-management-of-post-bariatric-surgery-leaks
#3
Hany Shehab, Emad Abdallah, Khaled Gawdat, Inas Elattar
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic stents are successful in the management of surgical leaks; however, stent migration remains a significant problem. In this study, we present our approach depending on a large bariatrics-specific stent (Mega stent) and over-the-scope clips in the management of post-bariatric surgery leaks. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all patients with post-bariatric surgery leaks treated at our institution using an approach reliant on Mega stents and over-the-scope clips was conducted...
July 12, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695460/inversion-technique-for-the-removal-of-partially-covered-self-expandable-metallic-stents
#4
Christine Hill, Bassem K Khalil, Sindhu Barola, Abhishek Agnihotri, Robert A Moran, Yen-I Chen, Saowanee Ngamruengphong, Vikesh K Singh, Leigh A Frame, Michael A Schweitzer, Thomas H Magnuson, Mouen A Khashab, Patrick I Okolo, Vivek Kumbhari
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Partially covered self-expandable metallic stents (PCSEMS), although an effective treatment for anastomotic/staple line leaks and strictures, can be difficult to remove. This study examines the effectiveness of the inversion technique for the removal of PCSEMS in the treatment of leaks and strictures that occurred post-sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent PCSEMS removal for a leak and/or stricture post-SG or RYGB between July 2013 and December 2016 at the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions were reviewed...
July 10, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695459/endoscopic-vacuum-therapy-evt-a-new-concept-for-complication-management-in-bariatric-surgery
#5
Fabian Schmidt, Rudolf Mennigen, Thorsten Vowinkel, Philipp A Neumann, Norbert Senninger, Daniel Palmes, Mike G Laukoetter
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is the most efficient therapy for morbid obesity. Staple line and anastomotic leakage are the most feared postoperative complications after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Traditional treatment options like revisional surgery and endoscopic stent placement are associated with high morbidity and mortality as well as variable success rates. Endoscopic vacuum therapy (EVT) has shown to be a new successful and feasible treatment option for leaks of different etiology after major gastro-esophageal surgery...
July 10, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685029/does-gastric-bypass-surgery-change-body-weight-set-point
#6
REVIEW
Z Hao, M B Mumphrey, C D Morrison, H Münzberg, J Ye, H R Berthoud
The relatively stable body weight during adulthood is attributed to a homeostatic regulatory mechanism residing in the brain which uses feedback from the body to control energy intake and expenditure. This mechanism guarantees that if perturbed up or down by design, body weight will return to pre-perturbation levels, defined as the defended level or set point. The fact that weight re-gain is common after dieting suggests that obese subjects defend a higher level of body weight. Thus, the set point for body weight is flexible and likely determined by the complex interaction of genetic, epigenetic and environmental factors...
December 2016: International Journal of Obesity Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681327/bariatric-surgery-for-adolescents-with-type-2-diabetes-an-emerging-therapeutic-strategy
#7
REVIEW
M A Stefater, T H Inge
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a growing public health problem in youth, but conventional treatments are often insufficient to treat this disease and its comorbidities. We review evidence supporting an emerging role for bariatric surgery as a treatment for adolescent T2D. RECENT FINDINGS: Paralleling what has been seen in adult patients, bariatric surgery dramatically improves glycemic control in patients with T2D. In fact, remission of T2D has been observed in as many as 95-100% of adolescents with diabetes after bariatric surgery, particularly vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery...
August 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681256/one-anastomosis-gastric-bypass-versus-sleeve-gastrectomy-for-morbid-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Dimitrios E Magouliotis, Vasiliki S Tasiopoulou, Alexis A Svokos, Konstantina A Svokos, Eleni Sioka, Dimitrios Zacharoulis
We aim to review the available literature on obese patients treated with one-anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB) or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), in order to compare the clinical outcomes and intraoperative parameters of the two methods. A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Scopus databases, in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. Seventeen studies met the inclusion criteria incorporating 6761 patients. This study reveals increased weight loss, remission of comorbidities, shorter mean hospital stay, and lower mortality in the OAGB group...
July 5, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678999/association-of-centers-for-medicare-medicaid-services-overall-hospital-quality-star-rating-with-outcomes-in-advanced-laparoscopic-abdominal-surgery
#9
Christina Y Koh, Colette S Inaba, Sarath Sujatha-Bhaskar, Ninh T Nguyen
Importance: The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) recently released the Overall Hospital Quality Star Rating to help patients compare hospitals based on a 5-star scale. The star rating was designed to assess overall quality of the institution; thus, its validity toward specifically assessing surgical quality is unknown. Objective: To examine whether CMS high-star hospitals (HSHs) have improved patient outcomes and resource use in advanced laparoscopic abdominal surgery compared with low-star hospitals (LSHs)...
July 5, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671792/-comparative-efficacy-of-three-bariatric-surgery-procedures-in-obese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#10
Séverine Bessemans, André J Scheen
This retrospective work compares the efficacy of three procedures of bariatric surgery in obese patients with type 2 diabetes : gastric bypass (n = 22), sleeve gastrectomy (n = 18) and Magenstrasse & Mill gastroplasty (also known as reversible sleeve (n = 19). The three interventions result in a remarkable weight loss after one year, a better glycaemic control, with often a remission of diabetes, a reduction of blood pressure and an improvement of lipid profile, allowing an interruption or a dose reduction of concomitant medications...
August 24, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668407/current-and-cutting-edge-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-obese-patients
#11
REVIEW
Jenanan Vairavamurthy, Lawrence J Cheskin, Dara L Kraitchman, Aravind Arepally, Clifford R Weiss
The number of people classified as obese, defined by the World Health Organization as having a body mass index ≥30, has been rising since the 1980s. Obesity is associated with comorbidities such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. The current treatment paradigm emphasizes lifestyle modifications, including diet and exercise; however this approach produces only modest weight loss for many patients. When lifestyle modifications fail, the current "gold standard" therapy for obesity is bariatric surgery, including Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, duodenal switch, and placement of an adjustable gastric band...
August 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664440/bariatric-surgery-is-associated-with-renal-function-improvement
#12
Carla N Holcomb, Lauren E Goss, Ammar Almehmi, Jayleen M Grams, Britney L Corey
INTRODUCTION: Weight loss after bariatric surgery improves both blood pressure and glycemic control following surgery. The effect of bariatric surgery on renal function is not well characterized. In this study, we sought to quantify the change in renal function over time following surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients who underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) between 2012 and 2014 at our institution...
June 29, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660430/mammographic-breast-density-decreases-after-bariatric-surgery
#13
Austin D Williams, Alycia So, Marie Synnestvedt, Colleen M Tewksbury, Despina Kontos, Meng-Kang Hsiehm, Lauren Pantalone, Emily F Conant, Mitchell Schnall, Kristoffel Dumon, Noel Williams, Julia Tchou
PURPOSE: Breast density (BD), an important risk factor for breast cancer, can change over time in some women, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. Very little is known about the impact of surgical weight loss on BD. Our hypothesis is that weight loss after bariatric surgery is associated with a significant and favorable change in mammographic BD. METHODS: We identified 1097 women 40 years of age or older who underwent gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy at our institution from 2010 to 2014...
June 28, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649469/distinct-patterns-in-the-gut-microbiota-after-surgical-or-medical-therapy-in-obese-patients
#14
Daniel A Medina, Juan P Pedreros, Dannae Turiel, Nicolas Quezada, Fernando Pimentel, Alex Escalona, Daniel Garrido
Bariatric surgery is highly successful in improving health compared to conventional dietary treatments. It has been suggested that the gut microbiota is a relevant factor in weight loss after bariatric surgery. Considering that bariatric procedures cause different rearrangements of the digestive tract, they probably have different effects on the gut microbiota. In this study, we compared the impact of medical treatment, sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass on the gut microbiota from obese subjects...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647410/reoperative-bariatric-surgery-for-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Jingliang Yan, Ricardo Cohen, Ali Aminian
Primary bariatric surgery has been proven to be effective in weight loss and improvement of weight-related metabolic co-morbidities. However, a small proportion of patients after bariatric surgery either have persistent hyperglycemia or relapse after initial remission of their metabolic disease. Revisional bariatric surgery has been evaluated extensively for weight recidivism and postoperative complications. However, there has not been any high-level evidence validating the utility of revisional bariatric surgery on recurrent metabolic diseases, especially diabetes...
April 25, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640442/endocrine-function-after-bariatric-surgery
#16
Ki-Suk Kim, Darleen A Sandoval
Obesity increases the risks of metabolic disorders including type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Bariatric surgery is the most successful therapeutic option that causes sustained weight loss and improvements in obesity comorbidities. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) are two of the most frequently performed bariatric surgeries. Despite their different anatomical rearrangement, they have remarkably similar success in both weight loss and T2DM remission. Interestingly, they also both cause a wide range of endocrine changes...
June 18, 2017: Comprehensive Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613044/for-debate-should-bariatric-surgery-be-performed-in-children-and-adolescents-with-hypothalamic-obesity
#17
EDITORIAL
Sarka Stolbova, Marek Benes, Lenka Petruzelkova, Jan Lebl, Stanislava Kolouskova
Hypothalamic dysfunction leading to severe obesity is a serious long-term consequence of paediatric craniopharyngioma. It compromises quality of life, leads to long-term metabolic hazards, and may shorten life expectancy. Therefore, a proactive approach is required. Conventional treatment of hypothalamic obesity is difficult and hardly successful. Experience with bariatric surgery is limited, especially in younger patients. Two retrospective studies recently reported on classic bariatric surgery in a small series of individuals after craniopharyngioma...
June 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606718/abdominal-imaging-post-bariatric-surgery-predictors-usage-and-utility
#18
Dana Haddad, Aruna David, Haneen Abdel-Dayem, Nicholas Socci, Leaque Ahmed, Anthony Gilet
PURPOSE: A lack of well-defined postoperative imaging guidelines for bariatric patients may lead to false-positive findings, radiation exposure, additional cost, and patient anxiety. We investigated our institutional usage and utility of nonroutine postoperative abdominal imaging. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Laparoscopic gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy patients over a 5-year period were retrospectively identified. All bariatric-related nonroutine initial and all subsequent prompted abdominal and pelvic imaging was included...
April 29, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602794/long-term-outcome-of-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding-lagb-results-of-a-swiss-single-center-study-of-405-patients-with-up-to-18-years-follow-up
#19
Fabrizio Vinzens, Ashley Kilchenmann, Valentin Zumstein, Marc Slawik, Martina Gebhart, Ralph Peterli
BACKGROUND: In the past, laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) seemed to be a promising bariatric procedure. However, many studies showed high rates of reoperation due to complications or insufficient weight loss. There is a lack of long-term studies with follow-up beyond 15 years. OBJECTIVE: To conduct long-term follow-up of patients after LAGB and analyze their weight loss as a primary endpoint. SETTING: Tertiary referral center for bariatric surgery, St...
April 29, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601866/cost-utility-analysis-of-bariatric-surgery-in-italy-results-of-decision-analytic-modelling
#20
Marcello Lucchese, Oleg Borisenko, Lorenzo Giovanni Mantovani, Paolo Angelo Cortesi, Giancarlo Cesana, Daniel Adam, Elisabeth Burdukova, Vasily Lukyanov, Nicola Di Lorenzo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of bariatric surgery in Italy from a third-party payer perspective over a medium-term (10 years) and a long-term (lifetime) horizon. METHODS: A state-transition Markov model was developed, in which patients may experience surgery, post-surgery complications, diabetes mellitus type 2, cardiovascular diseases or die. Transition probabilities, costs, and utilities were obtained from the Italian and international literature...
2017: Obesity Facts
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