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sleeve gastrectomy and gastric bypass

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547566/incidence-and-predictors-of-hypoglycemia-1-year-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#1
Anna Belligoli, Marta Sanna, Roberto Serra, Roberto Fabris, Chiara Dal Pra', Scilla Conci, Paola Fioretto, Luca Prevedello, Mirto Foletto, Roberto Vettor, Luca Busetto
INTRODUCTION: Hypoglycemia is a known adverse event following gastric bypass. The incidence of hypoglycemia after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is still under investigation. The aim of our study was to verify the presence of oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)-related hypoglycemia after LSG and to identify any baseline predictors of its occurrence. METHODS: We analyzed 197 consecutive non-diabetic morbid obese patients that underwent LSG. All patients were studied before and 12 months after LSG...
May 25, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545915/leaks-in-fixed-ring-banded-sleeve-gastrectomies-a-management-approach
#2
Jonathan W Foo, James Balshaw, Michael H L Tan, Jeremy T H Tan
BACKGROUND: The use of a Fobi ring to prevent pouch dilation is sometimes used in Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Recently, it has been extrapolated to laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) procedures by placing a fixed-ring band a few centimeters below the gastroesophageal junction (GEJ). OBJECTIVES: What is the consequence if a patient develops a leak? SETTING: Tertiary metropolitan referral center, Australia. METHODS: Over 18 months, all patients with either a conventional LSG or a fixed-ring banded sleeve gastrectomy (BLSG) who presented with a proven leak complication were included...
April 4, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539297/-efficacy-of-two-bariatric-surgeries-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-with-a-body-mass-index-of-25-27-5
#3
Hao Yu, Xiao-Jiang Dai, Hong-Bing Zhang, Yong-Tao Huang, Dong-Zhi Ran, Yuan Yang, Song-Hua Zeng, Zhi-Gao Song, Liang-Ping Wu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the therapeutic effects of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and laparoscopic duodenal-jejunal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (SADJB-SG) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and a low body mass index (BMI) of 25-27.5. METHODS: Thirty-one type 2 diabetic patients with a BMI of 25-27.5 underwent bariatric surgeries in the General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command between August, 2013 and August, 2015. The patients receiving LRYGB (17 cases) and SADJB-SG (14 cases) were compared for physical indexes, glucose metabolism and of pancreatic islet function at 1 year after the surgeries...
May 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534189/national-trends-in-bariatric-surgery-2012-2015-demographics-procedure-selection-readmissions-and-cost
#4
Scott Kizy, Cyrus Jahansouz, Michael C Downey, Nathanael Hevelone, Sayeed Ikramuddin, Daniel Leslie
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is widely accepted as the best treatment for obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and the sleeve gastrectomy (SG) have become the predominant bariatric procedures in the USA over the last several years, although the most recent trends in selection are unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess selection trends, readmission rates, and cost of bariatric procedures in the USA from 2012 to 2015...
May 22, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527155/status-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-china-a-national-survey
#5
Shibo Lin, Wei Guan, Pankaj Hans, Hui Liang
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a favorable bariatric procedure. This study evaluated the status of LSG in China. METHODS: During the 4(th) International Forum of Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery in May 2016, Nanjing China, an on-the-spot questionnaire was filled out by 105 attending surgeons with experience of LSG. The feedback data was collected and analyzed. RESULTS: For preoperative preparations, surgeons preferred blood glucose control with insulin (61...
May 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514487/reoperation-and-medicare-expenditures-after-laparoscopic-gastric-band-surgery
#6
Andrew M Ibrahim, Jyothi R Thumma, Justin B Dimick
Importance: Following the US Food and Drug Administration approval for laparoscopic gastric band surgery in 2001, as many as 96 000 devices have been placed annually. The reported rates of reoperation range from 4% to 60% in short-term studies; however, to our knowledge, few long-term population-level data on outcomes or expenditures are known. Objective: To describe the rate of device-related reoperations occurring after laparoscopic gastric band surgery as well as the associated payments in a longitudinal national cohort...
May 17, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502507/impact-of-bariatric-surgery-on-apolipoprotein-c-iii-levels-and-lipoprotein-distribution-in-obese-human-subjects
#7
Marie Maraninchi, Nadège Padilla, Sophie Béliard, Bruno Berthet, Juan-Patricio Nogueira, Jeanine Dupont-Roussel, Julien Mancini, Audrey Bégu-Le Corroller, Noémie Dubois, Rachel Grangeot, Catherine Mattei, Marion Monclar, Anastasia Calabrese, Carole Guérin, Charles Desmarchelier, Alain Nicolay, Changting Xiao, Patrick Borel, Gary F Lewis, René Valéro
BACKGROUND: Elevated apolipoprotein C-III (apoC-III) has been postulated to contribute to the atherogenic dyslipidemia seen in obesity and insulin-resistant states, mainly by impairing plasma triglyceride-rich lipoprotein (TRL) metabolism. Bariatric surgery is associated with improvements of several obesity-associated metabolic abnormalities, including a reduction in plasma triglycerides (TGs) and an increase in plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). OBJECTIVES: We investigated the specific effect of bariatric surgery on apoC-III concentrations in plasma, non-HDL, and HDL fractions in relation to lipid profile parameters evolution...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500419/bariatric-surgery-as-a-bridge-to-renal-transplantation-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#8
Shadi Al-Bahri, Tannous K Fakhry, John Paul Gonzalvo, Michel M Murr
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a relative contraindication to organ transplantation. Preliminary reports suggest that bariatric surgery may be used as a bridge to transplantation in patients who are not eligible for transplantation because of morbid obesity. SETTING: The Bariatric Center at Tampa General Hospital, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida. METHODS: We reviewed the outcomes of 16 consecutive patients on hemodialysis for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who underwent bariatric surgery from 1998 to 2016...
May 13, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493043/revisional-surgery-after-failed-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-retrospective-analysis-of-causes-results-and-technical-considerations
#9
Huseyin Yilmaz, Ilhan Ece, Mustafa Sahin
BACKGROUND: A failed laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) presents a challenging problem for bariatric surgeons. The aim of this study was to evaluate the indications, treatment strategies, and surgical outcomes of patients who underwent a revisional surgery after a failed LSG. METHODS: This retrospective study included the outcomes of 32 patients who required a revisional surgery from a series of 500 primary LSGs. The patients' demographic data, indications for revisional surgery, perioperative complications, and postoperative outcomes were recorded...
May 10, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486391/effect-of-surgeon-age-on-bariatric-surgery-outcomes
#10
Haley Stevens, Arthur M Carlin, Rachel Ross, Amanda Stricklen, Michael H Wood, Amir A Ghaferi
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to explore the relationship of bariatric surgeon age and patient outcomes. BACKGROUND: Regulators, policy makers, and patient advocacy groups have recently been pushing to establish clear guidelines for physician retirement in the United States. Although it is often assumed that increasing physician age leads to worse patient outcomes, the relationship is lacking robust evidence, and is still unclear. METHODS: We conducted a study analyzing all bariatric surgeons in Michigan who participated in a statewide collaborative quality improvement program (n = 71) who performed primary laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass, or sleeve gastrectomy operations, and data on their patients (n = 60430) over the past 10 years...
May 8, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477245/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-outcomes-after-revisional-bariatric-surgery-following-a-failed-adjustable-gastric-band
#11
Alistair J Sharples, Vasileios Charalampakis, Markos Daskalakis, Abd A Tahrani, Rishi Singhal
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB)-related complications have been reported in significant numbers of patients often leading to band removal. Increasingly revisional bariatric surgery (RBS) is offered, most commonly either band to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (B-RYGB) or band to sleeve gastrectomy (B-SG). OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies to evaluate the efficacy of RBS following failed LAGB. METHODS: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library and NHS Evidence were searched for English language studies assessing patients who had undergone LAGB and who subsequently underwent either B-RYGB or B-SG...
May 6, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475558/to-what-extent-does-posthospital-discharge-chemoprophylaxis-prevent-venous-thromboembolism-after-bariatric-surgery-results-from-a-nationwide-cohort-of-more-than-110-000-patients
#12
Jérémie Thereaux, Thomas Lesuffleur, Sébastien Czernichow, Arnaud Basdevant, Simon Msika, David Nocca, Bertrand Millat, Anne Fagot-Campagna
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess the incidence, risk factors, and the impact of posthospital discharge (PHD) chemoprophylaxis on venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients undergoing bariatric surgery (BS). BACKGROUND: VTE is a major concern after BS, especially during the PHD period. No large-scale study has previously focused on the clinical value of PHD chemoprophylaxis. METHODS: In this nationwide observational population-based cohort study, all data from patients undergoing BS were extracted from the French National Health Insurance database (SNIIRAM) from 1st January 2012 to 31st September 2014...
May 4, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474319/quality-of-life-1%C3%A2-year-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-versus-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-a-randomized-controlled-trial-focusing-on-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#13
L Ulas Biter, Michiel M A van Buuren, Guido H H Mannaerts, Jan A Apers, Martin Dunkelgrün, Guy H E J Vijgen
INTRODUCTION: Bariatric surgery is the only treatment option that achieves sustained weight loss in obese patients and that also has positive effects on obesity-related comorbidities. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) seems to achieve equal weight loss as laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB), but there is still much debate about the quality of life (QOL) after LSG, mainly concerning the association with gastroesophageal reflux. Our hypothesis is that QOL after LSG is comparable with QOL after LRYGB...
May 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470489/hypocalcemia-after-bariatric-surgery-prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors
#14
Meera Shah, Anu Sharma, Robert A Wermers, Kurt A Kennel, Todd A Kellogg, Manpreet S Mundi
BACKGROUND: The reported prevalence of hypocalcemia after bariatric surgery ranges from 1% after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) to 25% after bilio-pancreatic diversion-duodenal switch (BPD-DS). OBJECTIVE: We aimed to define the prevalence of post-operative hypocalcemia and identify clinical predisposing factors. SETTING: The study was conducted in an Academic Medical Center, USA. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all patients undergoing bariatric surgery from May 2008 to December 2014 at Mayo Clinic Rochester, Minnesota was performed...
May 3, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470488/an-algorithmic-approach-to-the-management-of-gastric-stenosis-following-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#15
Abhishek Agnihotri, Sindhu Barola, Christine Hill, Manoel Galvao Neto, Josemberg Campos, Vikesh K Singh, Michael Schweitzer, Mouen A Khashab, Vivek Kumbhari
BACKGROUND: Gastric stenosis (GS) is a potential adverse event post-laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Endoscopic management is preferred; however, there is significant variation in therapeutic strategies with no defined algorithm. This study aims to describe the safety and efficacy of a predefined step-wise algorithm for endoscopic management of GS post-LSG. METHODS: Consecutive patients with symptomatic GS post-LSG, presenting between July 2015 and August 2016, were subjected to a predefined treatment algorithm of serial dilations using achalasia balloons, followed by a fully covered self-expanding metal stent (FCSEMS) if dilations were inadequate...
May 3, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465866/kidney-stones-after-bariatric-surgery-risk-assessment-and-mitigation
#16
REVIEW
Pedro Mario Espino-Grosso, Benjamin Kirk Canales
Obesity is rampant across the spectrum of age, gender, and race in the Unites States. Paralleling this epidemic, kidney stone prevalence is also rising, affecting nearly 1 in 11 individuals. Bariatric surgical procedures, such as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG), are the most effective weight loss options for morbidly obese or severely obese individuals with comorbidities. A number of studies have linked kidney stone development to bariatric surgical history, particularly RYGB, which portends up to a threefold increase in calcium oxalate stone risk compared with age-matched, obese controls...
March 1, 2017: Bariatric Surgical Practice and Patient Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465782/comparative-study-of-outcomes-following-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-and-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-morbidly-obese-patients-a-case-control-study
#17
Harshit Garg, Pratyusha Priyadarshini, Sandeep Aggarwal, Samagra Agarwal, Rachna Chaudhary
AIM: To compare the impact of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on weight loss and obesity related comorbidities over two year follow-up via case control study design. METHODS: Forty patients undergoing LRYGB, who completed their two year follow-up were matched with 40 patients undergoing LSG for age, gender, body mass index and presence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Data of these patients was retrospectively reviewed to compare the outcome in terms of weight loss and improvement in comorbidities, i...
April 16, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465258/comparing-quality-of-life-outcomes-between-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-and-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-using-the-rand36-questionnaire
#18
Christina A W Macano, Sitaramachandra M Nyasavajjala, Alastair Brookes, Guillaume Lafaurie, Manel Riera
BACKGROUND: Obesity surgery is an effective treatment to improve the health of patients. There is a lack of data regarding weight loss surgery outcomes and effects on Quality of Life (QoL). This study aims to compare changes in QoL following either Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG) or Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (LRYGB). METHODS: SF36 questionnaires were mailed to all LSG and LRYGB patients who underwent surgery in 2013. Demographic data was obtained from hospital records...
April 29, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458144/gastropleural-fistula-after-single-anastomosis-gastric-bypass-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Haider Al-Shurafa, Saleh Alghamdi, Ali Albenmousa, Haifa Alolayan, Zahraa Al-Shurafa
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary complications after bariatric surgeries are rare but usually serious. They often occur early after surgery but the presentation might be delayed for several months. Gastropleural fistula after bariatric surgery is extremely rare and has been reported in a very small number of patients post sleeve gastrectomy and gastric bypass. CASE PRESENTATION: A 37-year-old lady presented with left sided pleural effusion and empyema 2 years post single anastomosis gastric bypass surgery...
April 4, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456885/impact-of-three-dimensional-laparoscopy-in-a-bariatric-surgery-program-influence-in-the-learning-curve
#20
Esther Mariño Padin, Raquel Sánchez Santos, Sonia González Fernández, Antonia Brox Jimenez, Sergio Estevez Fernández, Ester Carrera Dacosta, Agata Rial Duran, Maria Artime Rial, Ivan Dominguez Sanchez
INTRODUCTION: 3D laparoscopy allows the surgeon to regain the sense of depth and improve accuracy. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of 3D in bariatric surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. All our patients who underwent bariatric surgery (sleeve gastrectomy (SG) or gastric bypass (GB)) between 2013 and 2016 were included. We compared 3D laparoscopy cohort and 2D laparoscopy cohort. Variables are as follows: age, sex, DM, hypertension, surgeon experience, and type of intervention...
April 29, 2017: Obesity Surgery
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