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breastfeeding problem

R Crippa, M Paglia, F Ferrante, A Ottonello, F Angiero
: BACKGROUND Often breastfeeding problems experienced by mothers and their babies may be attributed to the abnormal attachment of the infant's tongue (ankyloglossia) and/or maxillary lip-tie. Proper breastfeeding depends upon an infant's ability to correctly latch onto its mother's breast. If born with oral soft tissue abnormalities such as tongue-tie or lip-tie, it may be almost impossible for the infant to breastfeed. During the oral evaluation of an infant presenting with breastfeeding problems, one factor that is often overlooked and undiagnosed - and thus untreated - is the attachment of the upper lip to the maxillary gingival tissue...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Radovan Bílek, Nataša Kaňová, Veronika Mindžáková, David Neumann, Jan Jiskra, Lydie Ryšavá, Václav Zamrazil
INTRODUCTION: Iodine deficiency is a global public health problem which is particularly noticeable in pregnant or breastfeeding women and their children. Even mild iodine deficiency during pregnancy can lead to damage to the developing brain and thus affecting the fetus intelligence, his cognitive and neurological function, embryogenesis and growth. PATIENTS: In the period 2010-2015 was determined by spectrophotometry at the Institute of Endocrinology the basal urinary iodine in 532 pregnant women at the age of 32 ± 5 (18-44) years, which came from Prague, Hradec Kralove and Mlada Boleslav...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Marita Hasselberg, Karina Huus, Marie Golsäter
OBJECTIVE: To describe the breastfeeding experiences of mothers with preterm and low-birth-weight infants in a neonatal unit in Tanzania. DESIGN: A qualitative research design. SETTING: A neonatal unit at a referral hospital in rural Tanzania. PARTICIPANTS: Convenience sample of 10 new mothers with preterm infants. Additionally, to triangulate the data, five nurses affiliated with the neonatal unit were interviewed. METHODS: A semistructured interview guide was used for data collection...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Ying Xue, Min Gao, Yiqing Gao
The universal endocrine pathological state affecting young individuals and adults is type 2 diabetes mellitus, which has seen a significant increase in the last 30 years, particularly in children. Genetic and evnironmental factors are the causative agents for this pathological state in children. This rapid and wide spread of the disease can be controlled by enforcing amendments in environmental factors such as diet, physical activities and obesity. In young infants breastfeeding may be a key modulator of the disease...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Britta Kühne, Bernd Genser, Freia De Bock
BACKGROUND: In children, autonomic nervous function is related to various highly prevalent health problems and might therefore represent an early indicator of ill health. AIMS: We aimed to investigate the role of early-life exposures and physical activity (PA) as potential determinants of autonomic function at preschool age. STUDY DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: We used an existing longitudinal data set of repeated vagal tone measurements (assessed via heart rate recovery (HRR)) and retrospectively assessed early-life exposures in 1052 children (mean age: 59...
September 28, 2016: Early Human Development
Elvira Ferrés-Amat, Tomasa Pastor-Vera, Paula Rodríguez-Alessi, Eduard Ferrés-Amat, Javier Mareque-Bueno, Eduard Ferrés-Padró
The problems of suction in newborns give rise to multiple consequences for both the mother and the newborn. The objective of this paper is to present a case of ankyloglossia ("tongue-tie") and the suction problems that were treated by a multidisciplinary team. The subject is a 17-day-old male patient, with ankyloglossia and suction problems during breastfeeding (pain in the breastfeeding mother, poor weight gain, and long breastfeeds). The patient followed the circuit established in our centre between the services of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Breastfeeding and Speech Therapy and Orofacial Rehabilitation (CELERE)...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Matheus Bertanha, Paula Angeleli Bueno de Camargo, Regina Moura, Winston Bonetti Yoshida, Rafael Elias Farres Pimenta, Jamil Victor de Oliveira Mariúba, Giovana Piteri Alcantara, Dênia Reis de Paula, Marcone Lima Sobreira
BACKGROUND: Telangiectasias are defined as small venules abnormally dilated, located in the intradermal portion of the skin, of reddish or bluish tinge, their diameter not exceeding 1 mm; they are classified by the American Venous Forum as mild venous disease CEAP C1. Conventional treatment consists of chemical sclerotherapy, considered a minimally invasive technique with rapid clinical recovery. A wide variety of sclerosing solutions can be used for this purpose. METHODS/DESIGN: This project intends to include 96 patients that will be randomized to a triple-blind study...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Dan Xu, Yingshuo Wang, Zhimin Chen, Shuxian Li, Yungai Cheng, Li Zhang, Lingzhi Zhao
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a global problem. Prevalence varies among different countries and cities. We aimed to obtain the prevalence, describe the characteristics, and discover factors that may relate to asthma in Hangzhou. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Hangzhou. The subjects were children aged 14 years and younger. A control group of non-asthma children that matched in age and sex with each asthmatic patient was also randomly selected and interviewed...
September 27, 2016: Respiratory Research
Mashael Alshebly, Badr Sobaih
The aim of the study was to explore the practice and attitudes of Saudi mothers towards breastfeeding. A cross-sectional survey done on a total of 517 Saudi mothers using a questionnaire inquiring about their demographic data, breastfeeding practice in the first 6 months after delivery and longer, different reasons for stopping breastfeeding. Furthermore, their impression on the relation between breastfeeding and breast cancer as well as prevention of infant's allergic and infectious diseases. Only 37.5% of the mothers practiced exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months...
2016: Sudan J Paediatr
Lucia Guerra-Reyes, Vanessa M Christie, Annu Prabhakar, Asia L Harris, Katie A Siek
Objectives To assess low-income mothers' perceptions of their postpartum information needs; describe their information seeking behavior; explore their use of mobile technology to address those needs; and to contribute to the sparse literature on postpartum health and wellness. Methods Exploratory community-based qualitative approach. Interviewees were recruited among clients of community partners and had children aged 48 months and under. A survey assessing demographics was used to identify low-income mothers...
September 17, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Loretta Anderson, Kathryn Kynoch, Sue Kildea
The aim is to identify the effectiveness of breast massage in the treatment of women with breastfeeding problems. The objectives are to identify if breast massage has been shown to.
August 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Sarah Reece-Stremtan, Larry Gray
A central goal of The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine is the development of clinical protocols for managing common medical problems that may impact breastfeeding success. These protocols serve only as guidelines for the care of breastfeeding mothers and infants and do not delineate an exclusive course of treatment or serve as standards of medical care. Variations in treatment may be appropriate according to the needs of an individual patient. These guidelines are not intended to be all-inclusive, but to provide a basic framework for physician education regarding breastfeeding...
September 13, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Arsham Alamian, Liang Wang, Amber M Hall, Melanie Pitts, Joseph Ikekwere
UNLABELLED: Sleep problems have been defined using a variety of definitions. No study has assessed the longitudinal association between infant sleep problems and childhood overweight or obesity using existing definitions of sleep problems. This study used longitudinal data (n = 895) from the multi-site Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD) to investigate the effects of infant sleep problems on childhood weight status in Grade 6. Infants with sleep problems in Phase I (1991) and with complete data through Phase III (2004) of SECCYD were included...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
Lisa H Amir, Anita Bearzatto
BACKGROUND: Women who are breastfeeding often consult their general practitioner (GP) with concerns about nipple and breast pain, or the adequacy of their milk supply. Common concerns for their breastfed infant include slow weight gain, 'fussiness' with breastfeeding and 'funny stools'. OBJECTIVE: This article offers suggestions for clinicians to support breastfeeding women and their infants. DISCUSSION: Good attachment to the breast is important to reduce nipple pain and trauma, and to ensure adequate breast drainage and ongoing milk supply...
August 2016: Australian Family Physician
Dylan B Jackson
RATIONALE: A sizable body of research has examined associations between breastfeeding and various facets of offspring development, including childhood behavioral problems. Notwithstanding the number of studies on the topic, breastfeeding has not consistently been linked to child misbehaviors. Moreover, empirical examinations of whether breastfeeding is differentially predictive of conduct problems among individuals with varying degrees of genetic risk are lacking. OBJECTIVE: The present study examines whether a short duration of breastfeeding and genetic risk interact to predict conduct problems during childhood...
October 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Keiko Tanaka, Yoshihiro Miyake, Shinya Furukawa, Masashi Arakawa
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological evidence regarding the relationship between maternal secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure during pregnancy and postnatal SHS exposure and childhood behavioral problems is scarce. OBJECTIVE: The present prebirth cohort study investigated the association between perinatal smoking exposure and behavioral problems in Japanese children aged 5 years. METHODS: Subjects were 1200 mother-child pairs. Data on variables under study were obtained using parent questionnaires...
August 16, 2016: Environmental Research
Ren-Fu Luo, Xia Liang, Cheng-Fang Liu, Lin-Xiu Zhang, Ai Yue
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of anemia and related risk factors in infants aged 6-12 months from rural areas of southern Shaanxi Province. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was used to collect the basic information on infants aged 6-12 months and their families from rural areas of southern Shaanxi Province, China. The content of hemoglobin was measured in these infants. A multivariate logistic stepwise regression analysis was performed to determine the risk factors for the development of anemia in infants...
August 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Sonia Rodríguez-Ramírez, Alicia Muñoz-Espinosa, Juan A Rivera, Dinorah González-Castell, Teresita González de Cosío
BACKGROUND: Mexico faces malnutrition problems in the child population. Analysis of food consumption in small children allows us to identify and propose strategies focused on feeding to improve their nutritional status. OBJECTIVE: We described the consumption of beverages and food groups in Mexican children <24 mo of age. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 926 children aged <24 mo participating in the 2012 ENSANUT (National Health and Nutrition Study)...
September 2016: Journal of Nutrition
Natasha R Alligood-Percoco, Kristen H Kjerulff, John T Repke
OBJECTIVE: To investigate risk factors for dyspareunia among primiparous women. METHODS: This was a planned secondary analysis using data from the 1- and 6-month postpartum interviews of a prospective study of women who delivered their first neonate in Pennsylvania, 2009-2011. Participants who had resumed sexual intercourse by the 6-month interview (N=2,748) constituted the analytic sample. Women reporting a big or medium problem with painful intercourse at 6 months were categorized as having dyspareunia...
September 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Fernanda Rodrigues Salazar, Felipe Bianchini D'Avila, Marcella Herbstrith de Oliveira, Pamela Lukasewicz Ferreira, Ana Maria Bergold
The use of medications during lactation is a common practice; however, pharmacological treatments impose serious doubts to both professionals and nursing mothers regarding the safety of drugs used during this period. Most of drugs are excreted in breast milk and there is great variability in the amount of analytes that can be received by the infant. Dilemmas about breastfeeding arise most commonly in relation to postpartum depression. Depression is a major clinical problem during the postpartum period and the vulnerability to onset or recurrence of depressive symptoms increases the possibility of psychotropic drug use during lactation...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
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