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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336508/national-audit-of-perinatal-hiv-infections-in-the-uk-2006-2013-what-lessons-can-be-learnt
#1
H Peters, C Thorne, P A Tookey, L Byrne
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate circumstances surrounding perinatal transmissions of HIV (PHIVs) in the UK. METHODS: The National Study of HIV in Pregnancy and Childhood conducts comprehensive surveillance of all pregnancies in women diagnosed with HIV infection and their infants in the UK; reports of all HIV-diagnosed children are also sought, regardless of country of birth. Children with PHIV born in 2006-2013 and reported by 2014 were included in an audit, with additional data collection via telephone interviews with clinicians involved in each case...
January 16, 2018: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299430/the-effect-of-saqez-pistacia-atlantica-ointment-on-nipple-fissure-improvement-in-breastfeeding-women-during-one-month-follow-up
#2
Nayereh As'adi, Nourossadat Kariman, Faraz Mojab, Mohamad Amin Pourhoseingholi
Objective: Painful nipple fissure is a troublesome problem for breastfeeding mothers. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of saqez (Pistacia atlantica) ointment on the improvement of nipple fissure in breastfeeding women during one-month follow-up. Materials and Methods: This randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 100 eligible women who visited the selected health centers affiliated to Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, from July 2015 to December 2015 during their postpartum period...
November 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289968/screening-for-maternal-postpartum-depression-and-associationswith-personality-traits-and-social-support-a-polish-follow-upstudy-4-weeks-and-3-months-after-delivery
#3
Karolina Maliszewska, Małgorzata Świątkowska-Freund, Mariola Bidzan, Preis Krzysztof
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the likelihood of postpartum depression and to explore maternal characteristics in terms of personality, social support and other medical and psychological data. METHODS: A sample of 548 patients was investigated 4 weeks and 3 months after delivery. They responded to questionnaires containing sociodemographic questions: the EPDS (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale), the PHQ-9 (Patient Health Questionnaire-9), theNEO-FFI (Personality Inventory), and the BSSS (Berlin Social Support Scales)...
October 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276003/-i-just-want-to-do-everything-right-primiparous-women-s-accounts-of-early-breastfeeding-via-an-app-based-diary
#4
Jill Demirci, Erin Caplan, Nora Murray, Susan Cohen
INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to describe the early breastfeeding experience of primiparous women. METHODS: Healthy, primiparous women intending to exclusively breastfeed downloaded a commercial infant feeding mobile application (app) during their postpartum hospitalization. Women free-texted breastfeeding thoughts and experiences through 8 weeks postpartum in the app's diary. Diary content was qualitatively coded. RESULTS: Thirty-five participants completed diaries and were included in analyses...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261680/determinants-of-stunting-among-children-aged-6-59-months-at-kindo-didaye-woreda-wolaita-zone-southern-ethiopia-unmatched-case-control-study
#5
Bancha Batiro, Tsegaye Demissie, Yoseph Halala, Antehun Alemayehu Anjulo
BACKGROUND: Stunting is a well-established risk marker of poor child development. Globally in 2017, 155 million children under 5 were estimated to be stunted. While different activities are being done to reduce the burden of stunted growth, the problem is overwhelming in Africa; it was increased by 24%. Therefore, identifying determinants of stunting among children aged 6-59 would help to set priorities for action and to the design of stunting reduction plan at a grassroots level. METHODS: The unmatched case-control study was conducted in randomly selected 8 rural kebeles of Kindo Didaye woreda, Ethiopia from February to April, 2016 to identify the determinants of stunting among children aged 6-59 months...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249889/the-effect-of-early-childhood-stunting-on-children-s-cognitive-achievements-evidence-from-young-lives-ethiopia
#6
Tassew Woldehanna, Jere R Behrman, Mesele W Araya
Background: There is little empirical evidence on the effect of childhood malnutrition on children's cognitive achievements in low income countries like Ethiopia. A longitudinal data is thus vital to understand the factors that influence cognitive development of children over time, particularly how early childhood stunting affects cognitive achievement of children up to the age of 8 years. Objective: To examine the effect of early childhood stunting on cognitive achievements of children using longitudinal data that incorporate anthropometric measurements and results of cognitive achievement tests such as Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test and Cognitive Development Assessment quantitative tests...
2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, YaʾItyoṗyā ṭénā Lemāt Maṣḥét
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244620/calming-cycle-theory-and-the-co-regulation-of-oxytocin
#7
Martha G Welch, Robert J Ludwig
The biological functions of oxytocin in attachment and bonding between mother and infant in parturition and breastfeeding and between adults have been studied extensively. However, most current authors have proposed that infant attachment to the mother is learned through operant conditioning mechanisms via the infant's brain and central nervous system. We propose that oxytocin levels in the mother and infant are co-regulated by emotional connection or disconnection, and that the autonomic co-conditioning learning mechanism can be exploited to change a negative physiological and behavioral response between mother and infant into a positive one...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185947/the-neonatal-eating-assessment-tool-development-and-content-validation
#8
Britt F Pados, Hayley H Estrem, Suzanne M Thoyre, Jinhee Park, Cara McComish
PURPOSE: To develop and content validate the Neonatal Eating Assessment Tool (NeoEAT), a parent-report measure of infant feeding. DESIGN: The NeoEAT was developed in three phases. Phase 1: Items were generated from a literature review, available assessment tools, and parents' descriptions of problematic feeding in infants.Phase 2: Professionals rated items for relevance and clarity. Content validity indices were calculated. Phase 3: Parent understanding was explored through cognitive interviews...
November 1, 2017: Neonatal Network: NN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185803/better-tolerance-of-citalopram-in-a-breastfed-infant-who-could-not-tolerate-sertraline-and-paroxetine
#9
Faruk Uguz
Postpartum depression is frequently observed in women. First-line antidepressants in treatment of postpartum depression are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Although SSRIs are well tolerated by most breastfed infants, some adverse events may arise in exposed infants. This report presents the case of an infant of a breastfeeding woman using citalopram without any problem after sertraline and paroxetine were discontinued due to adverse events in the infant.
November 29, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177565/breastfeeding-and-externalising-problems-a-quasi-experimental-design-with-a-national-cohort
#10
Lisa-Christine Girard, Orla Doyle, Richard E Tremblay
Evidence from correlational studies supporting the benefits of breastfeeding on children's externalising problems is mixed. Quasi-experimental approaches can help in better understanding possible 'effects'. We aimed to investigate the longitudinal impact of breastfeeding on externalising problems from childhood into adolescence. Participants included ~ 5000 full-term children, from the Growing Up in Ireland Child Cohort. Externalising problems (conduct problems and hyperactivity) were assessed using both the parent and teacher versions of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire when children were age 9 and 13...
November 24, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165143/characteristics-of-stepfamilies-and-maternal-mental-health-compared-with-non-stepfamilies-in-japan
#11
Masako Sugimoto, Yoshie Yokoyama
BACKGROUND: Stepfamilies remain poorly understood in Japanese society, and the support needs of stepfamily mothers are unclear. This study aimed to identify characteristics of stepfamilies and maternal mental health as compared with non-stepfamilies in Japan to utilize as a primary resource for providing effective support through community-based health care for stepfamilies. METHODS: From December 2011 to July 2012, we conducted this questionnaire survey with mothers at 3- and 4-month checkups for infants...
May 18, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164081/delayed-development-of-feeding-skills-in-children-with-feeding-difficulties-cross-sectional-study-in-a-brazilian-reference-center
#12
Cláudia C Ramos, Priscila Maximino, Rachel H V Machado, Ana Beatriz Bozzini, Letícia W Ribeiro, Mauro Fisberg
Background: Delays in gross motor development, sensory processing issues, and organic and behavioral problems are known to interfere in the development of feeding skills (FS); and-therefore-in the success of the process of feeding a child. Children with feeding difficulties (FD) commonly present inadequacy of FS. Objectives: Assessment of five FS in Brazilian children with FD, and search of associations with types of FD. Methods: Cross-sectional study with 70 children below 10 years old...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135279/cognitive-testing-of-the-brief-breastfeeding-and-milk-expression-recall-survey
#13
Sarah A Keim, Katie Smith, Kelly M Boone, Reena Oza-Frank
BACKGROUND: Major U.S. federal maternal and child health surveys collect an infant feeding history for children under 6 years of age using survey questions that have changed little over decades. Yet, infant feeding and lactation practices have changed with the increasing popularity of milk expression (pumping). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Cognitive interviews were conducted to test the 9-item Brief Breastfeeding and Milk Expression Recall Survey (BaByMERS) with a diverse sample of 15 U...
November 14, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100140/avoiding-selection-bias-without-random-assignment-the-effect-of-breastfeeding-on-cognitive-outcomes-in-china
#14
Héctor Cebolla-Boado, María Jiménez-Buedo, Leire Salazar
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies suggest that some of the health benefits traditionally attributed to breastfeeding may be overstated due to selection bias problems, since typically breastfeeding is more prevalent in more resourceful households. In this paper we argue that an important antidote against selection bias consists in analyzing data from contexts in which breastfeeding is not normativised, or where it is not systematically associated to socioeconomic advantage and best parenting practices...
October 16, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092884/breastfeeding-and-motor-development-in-term-and-preterm-infants-in-a-longitudinal-us-cohort
#15
Kara A Michels, Akhgar Ghassabian, Sunni L Mumford, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Erin M Bell, Scott C Bello, Edwina H Yeung
Background: The relation between breastfeeding and early motor development is difficult to characterize because of the problems in existing studies such as incomplete control for confounding, retrospective assessment of infant feeding, and even the assessment of some motor skills too early.Objective: We sought to estimate associations between infant feeding and time to achieve major motor milestones in a US cohort.Design: The Upstate New York Infant Development Screening Program (Upstate KIDS Study) enrolled mothers who delivered live births in New York (2008-2010)...
December 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078306/widespread-covariation-of-early-environmental-exposures-and-trait-associated-polygenic-variation
#16
E Krapohl, L J Hannigan, J-B Pingault, H Patel, N Kadeva, C Curtis, G Breen, S J Newhouse, T C Eley, P F O'Reilly, R Plomin
Although gene-environment correlation is recognized and investigated by family studies and recently by SNP-heritability studies, the possibility that genetic effects on traits capture environmental risk factors or protective factors has been neglected by polygenic prediction models. We investigated covariation between trait-associated polygenic variation identified by genome-wide association studies (GWASs) and specific environmental exposures, controlling for overall genetic relatedness using a genomic relatedness matrix restricted maximum-likelihood model...
October 31, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030022/impact-of-support-networks-for-breastfeeding-a-multicentre-study
#17
Isabel Baño-Piñero, María Emilia Martínez-Roche, Manuel Canteras-Jordana, César Carrillo-García, Esteban Orenes-Piñero
BACKGROUND: The rates of breastfeeding worldwide are slowly improving since 1996. Europe is still trailing behind the global breastfeeding incidence and prevalence rates. Thus, breastfeeding promotion, protection, prolongation and support have become an important challenge as breastfeeding sharply decreases in the first six months of life. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this project is to determine, assess and identify the real impact of breastfeeding support networks in Murcia (Spain)...
October 10, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026730/important-role-of-medical-training-curriculum-to-promote-the-rate-of-human-milk-feeding
#18
REVIEW
Yong Joo Kim
The rate of human milk feeding has been decreasing despite the diverse efforts of many physicians and nurses, as well as numerous professional organizations and various international health institutions. The number of physicians and nurses who can provide proper guidance for human milk feeding and offer appropriate knowledge and techniques to allow the most beneficial and convenient manner of breastfeeding is quite deficient. It is suggested that physicians and nurses be trained to teach and educate about the medical importance of human milk feeding to lactating mothers...
September 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026337/rate-and-factors-affecting-non-exclusive-breastfeeding-among-thai-women-under-the-breastfeeding-promotion-program
#19
Sucharat Buttham, Kiattisak Kongwattanakul, Natiya Jaturat, Sukree Soontrapa
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the rate of non-exclusive breastfeeding and associated factors among Thai women under the Breastfeeding Promotion Program. METHODS: This was a prospective descriptive study that involved term postpartum women who attended the Breastfeeding Clinic at Srinagarind Hospital in Thailand, from April to December 2016. Abstracted data included baseline characteristics, obstetric history, breastfeeding history, problems in breastfeeding at day 3 and 2 weeks, and feeding status at 12 weeks postpartum...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024880/experience-with-and-amount-of-postpartum-maternity-care-comparing-women-who-rated-the-care-they-received-from-the-maternity-care-assistant-as-good-or-less-than-good-care
#20
C I Baas, T A Wiegers, T P de Cock, J J H M Erwich, E R Spelten, E K Hutton
OBJECTIVE: The postpartum period is an important time in the lives of new mothers, their children and their families. The aim of postpartum care is 'to detect health problems of mother and/or baby at an early stage, to encourage breastfeeding and to give families a good start' (Wiegers, 2006). The Netherlands maternity care system aims to enable every new family to receive postpartum care in their home by a maternity care assistant (MCA). In order to better understand this approach, in this study we focus on women who experienced the postpartum care by the MCA as 'less than good' care...
September 19, 2017: Midwifery
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