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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639687/risk-indicators-of-early-childhood-caries-ecc-in-children-with-high-treatment-needs
#1
Iris Kraljevic, Cornelia Filippi, Andreas Filippi
Early childhood caries (ECC) represents a major health and economic problem worldwide. Its consequences such as early pain experience may affect the immediate and long-term quality of life of the child. In very young and uncooperative children the therapy of ECC is often viable only under general anesthesia. After treatment these affected children have a higher risk for future caries either soon thereafter, or later in life. The aim of the present study was to determine risk indicators and their correlation among children with high caries prevalence and high treatment needs, in order to facilitate the development of targeted prophylaxis programs that would reduce future occurrences of ECC or at least positively influence the outcome...
2017: Swiss Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629151/structured-additive-quantile-regression-for-assessing-the-determinants-of-childhood-anemia-in-rwanda
#2
Faustin Habyarimana, Temesgen Zewotir, Shaun Ramroop
Childhood anemia is among the most significant health problems faced by public health departments in developing countries. This study aims at assessing the determinants and possible spatial effects associated with childhood anemia in Rwanda. The 2014/2015 Rwanda Demographic and Health Survey (RDHS) data was used. The analysis was done using the structured spatial additive quantile regression model. The findings of this study revealed that the child's age; the duration of breastfeeding; gender of the child; the nutritional status of the child (whether underweight and/or wasting); whether the child had a fever; had a cough in the two weeks prior to the survey or not; whether the child received vitamin A supplementation in the six weeks before the survey or not; the household wealth index; literacy of the mother; mother's anemia status; mother's age at the birth are all significant factors associated with childhood anemia in Rwanda...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627261/maternal-psychological-distress-and-perceived-impact-on-child-feeding-practices-in-south-kivu-dr-congo
#3
Jillian A Emerson, Wietse Tol, Laura E Caulfield, Shannon Doocy
BACKGROUND: Maternal mental health problems are associated with poor child growth and suboptimal child feeding practices, yet little qualitative research has been conducted to understand mothers' perceptions about how maternal mental ill health and child nutrition are related. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to understand maternal perceptions on sources of psychological distress, and how distress impacts functioning, especially related to childcare and feeding practices among mothers of young children in South Kivu, DR Congo...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618052/comparison-between-swinging-and-playing-of-white-noise-among-colicky-babies-a-paired-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Emel Sezici, Deniz Yigit
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the effects of swinging and playing of white noise on the crying and sleeping durations of colicky babies. BACKGROUND: Infantile colic (IC) is one of the most common reasons for doctor visits among babies younger than 3 months. One out of five babies older than 3 months also experiences IC. IC, unlike gastrointestinal problems, is regarded as an individual differentiation and maturation of the central nervous system...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616424/evaluation-of-1-year-old-children-development-in-isfahan-city-and-its-effective-factors-using-ages-and-stages-questionnaire-in-2014
#5
Mehri Rejali, Soheila Pahlavni, Akbar Hassanzadeh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Attention to the development of children as the future generation that leads to the upbringing of productive human resources is an important subject. Development has dimensions that a child should acquire the skills related to them in proper age. Otherwise, he may be affected by developmental delays. There are different factors influencing children's developmental delays and this study is carried out to evaluate the developmental conditions of 1-year-old children in the Isfahan and its effective factors...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616226/child-wasting-is-a-severe-public-health-problem-in-the-predominantly-rural-population-of-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#6
Amare Tariku, Gashaw Andargie Bikis, Haile Woldie, Molla Mesele Wassie, Abebaw Gebeyehu Worku
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, child wasting has remained a public health problem for a decade's, suggesting the need to further monitoring of the problem. Hence, this study aimed at assessing the prevalence of wasting and associated factors among children aged 6-59 months at Dabat District, northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A Community based cross-sectional study was undertaken from May to June, 2015, in Dabat District, northwest Ethiopia. A total of 1184 children aged under five years and their mothers/caretakers were included in the study...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610570/exploring-infant-feeding-practices-cross-sectional-surveys-of-south-western-sydney-singapore-and-ho-chi-minh-city
#7
Timothy Yong Qun Leow, Andrew Ung, Shelley Qian, Jessie Thanh Nguyen, Yvonne An, Poonam Mudgil, John Whitehall
BACKGROUND: Infant feeding practices are known to influence the child's long-term health. Studies have associated obesity and other diseases with reduced breastfeeding and early introduction of high calorie beverages (HCBs). The rising prevalence of obesity is already a problem in most developed countries, especially Australia, but cultural differences are influential. Our aim is to examine and compare infant feeding practices and educational levels of respondents through questionnaires in three culturally different sites: Campbelltown (South Western Sydney), Australia, Singapore and Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam (HCMC)...
June 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601985/poor-early-childhood-outcomes-attributable-to-maternal-depression-in-mexican-women
#8
Filipa de Castro, Jean Marie Place, Aremis Villalobos, Rosalba Rojas, Tonatiuh Barrientos, Edward A Frongillo
We aimed to estimate the population fraction of poor early child health and developmental outcomes attributable to maternal depressive symptoms (DS) contrasting it between low- and middle/high-income households. We used a nationally representative probabilistic sample of 4240 children younger than 5 years old and their mothers, derived from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey Data (ENSANUT 2012). Complex survey design, sampling, and analytic weights were taken into account in analyses. DS was measured by CESD-7...
June 10, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592985/child-feeding-practices-and-diarrheal-disease-among-children-less-than-two-years-of-age-of-the-nomadic-people-in-hadaleala-district-afar-region-northeast-ethiopia
#9
Zemichael Gizaw, Wondwoson Woldu, Bikes Destaw Bitew
BACKGROUND: Diarrhea is a serious public health problem in Ethiopia. It is responsible for 24-30% of all infant deaths and there is a lack of evidence on the health burdens among the nomadic people. This study was therefore designed to assess the prevalence of diarrhea among children less thanvtwo year's of age and its association with feeding practices among the nomadic people in Hadaleala district, northeast Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Hadaleala district...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592313/impact-of-community-initiated-kangaroo-mother-care-on-survival-of-low-birth-weight-infants-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Sarmila Mazumder, Sunita Taneja, Suresh Kumar Dalpath, Rakesh Gupta, Brinda Dube, Bireshwar Sinha, Kiran Bhatia, Sachiyo Yoshida, Ole Frithjof Norheim, Rajiv Bahl, Halvor Sommerfelt, Nita Bhandari, Jose Martines
BACKGROUND: Around 70% neonatal deaths occur in low birth weight (LBW) babies. Globally, 15% of babies are born with LBW. Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) appears to be an effective way to reduce mortality and morbidity among LBW babies. KMC comprises of early and continuous skin-to-skin contact between mother and baby as well as exclusive breastfeeding. Evidence derived from hospital-based studies shows that KMC results in a 40% relative reduction in mortality, a 58% relative reduction in the risk of nosocomial infections or sepsis, shorter hospital stay, and a lower risk of lower respiratory tract infections in babies with birth weight <2000 g...
June 7, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584833/empowerment-in-breastfeeding-as-viewed-by-women-a-qualitative-study
#11
Zeinab Heidari, Shahnaz Kohan, Mahrokh Keshvari
BACKGROUND: The positive effect of breastfeeding on health is globally accepted. However, breastfeeding has not yet practiced at a favorite level. Empowerment of mothers is an important factor for continuing breastfeeding. This study was conducted to explore women's perception of empowerment in breastfeeding. METHODS: The present qualitative study was conducted in conventional content analysis method. Thirty-four semi-structured deep interviews were conducted with 18 mothers, four key family members, and 12 other personnel involved in breastfeeding counseling services...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576897/anticipatory-guidance-to-prevent-infant-sleep-problems-within-a-randomised-controlled-trial-infant-maternal-and-partner-outcomes-at-6-months-of-age
#12
Barbara C Galland, Rachel M Sayers, Sonya L Cameron, Andrew R Gray, Anne-Louise M Heath, Julie A Lawrence, Alana Newlands, Barry J Taylor, Rachael W Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of sleep education delivered antenatally and at 3 weeks postpartum to prevent infant sleep problems at 6 months of age. DESIGN: Sleep intervention within a randomised controlled trial for the Prevention of Overweight in Infancy (POI) study. PARTICIPANTS: 802 families were randomly allocated to one of four groups: usual care (control), sleep intervention (sleep), food, activity and breastfeeding intervention (FAB), and combined group receiving both interventions (combination)...
June 2, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575412/postpartum-changes-in-mood-and-smoking-related-symptomatology-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-investigation
#13
Alicia Allen, Nicole Tosun, Sam Carlson, Sharon Allen
Introduction: Postpartum smoking relapse is a highly prevalent public health problem. Mood and breastfeeding are significantly associated with smoking relapse, though less is known about the temporality of these relationships. Therefore, this study utilized ecological momentary assessments (EMA) to prospectively examine changes mood and smoking-related symptomatology in relationship to three events - childbirth, termination of breastfeeding and smoking relapse. We expected all three events to significantly alter mood and smoking-related symptomatology...
June 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554355/implementing-skin-to-skin-contact-for-cesarean-birth
#14
Margaret M Boyd
Early skin-to-skin (STS) contact in the OR facilitates the development of mothering behaviors, breastfeeding success, and newborn adaptation to extrauterine life. A team at my institution performed a quality improvement project to implement a standard of care for STS contact in the OR during and after cesarean birth. Thirty-seven of 50 mother-infant dyads experienced STS contact in the OR or in the postanesthesia care unit. Twenty-five mothers and newborns who experienced STS contact did so on the OR bed. The median time newborns spent engaged in STS contact with their mothers was 42 minutes and 30 seconds...
June 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553001/hypohidrotic-ectodermal-dysplasia-breastfeeding-complications-due-to-impaired-breast-development
#15
Mandy Wahlbuhl-Becker, Florian Faschingbauer, Matthias W Beckmann, Holm Schneider
Background X-linked hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (XLHED), the most common form of ectodermal dysplasia, is caused by mutations in the gene EDA. While only affected men develop the full-blown clinical picture, females who are heterozygous for an EDA mutation often also show symptoms such as hypodontia, hypotrichosis and hypohidrosis. These women may also suffer from malformations of the mammary gland which represent not just a cosmetic problem but can limit their breastfeeding capability. This paper summarizes the findings of the first systematic study on the impact of hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia on breastfeeding...
April 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538220/identification-of-caries-risk-determinants-in-toddlers-results-of-the-gusto-birth-cohort-study
#16
C Un Lam, L W Khin, A C Kalhan, R Yee, Y S Lee, M F-F Chong, K Kwek, S M Saw, K Godfrey, Y S Chong, C-Y Hsu
The aim of this study was to identify risk determinants leading to early childhood caries (ECC) and visible plaque (VP) in toddlers. Data for mother-child pairs participating in the Growing Up in Singapore towards Healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) birth cohort were collected from pregnancy to toddlerhood. Oral examinations were performed in 543 children during their clinic visit at 24 months to detect ECC and VP. Following logistic regression, ECC and VP were jointly regressed as primary and secondary outcomes, respectively, using the bivariate probit model...
May 25, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536957/brief-report-association-between-autism-spectrum-disorder-gastrointestinal-problems-and-perinatal-risk-factors-within-sibling-pairs
#17
Johan Isaksson, Erik Pettersson, Elzbieta Kostrzewa, Rochellys Diaz Heijtz, Sven Bölte
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been associated with gastrointestinal (GI) problems, but the nature of this association is unclear. Parents to siblings, concordant or discordant for ASD (N = 217), participated in a web survey covering mother's weight gain during pregnancy, maternal viral/bacterial infection and use of antibiotics, duration of breastfeeding, mode of delivery, birth weight and child GI problems. ASD was associated with GI problems and perinatal environmental risk, based on a summation of maternal infection and antibiotic use during pregnancy and/or the breastfeeding period...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536653/infant-feeding-counseling-and-knowledge-are-the-key-determinants-of-prelacteal-feeding-among-hiv-exposed-infants-attending-public-hospitals-in-ethiopia
#18
Melaku Kindie Yenit, Haregewoyn Genetu, Amare Tariku
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that breastfeeding promotes optimal health and growth for infants and young children, inappropriate feeding practice, such as prelacteal feeding increases the risk of neonatal death and illness and remains a public health problem in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study assessed the prevalence of prelacteal feeding and associated factors among HIV positive mothers with children aged 7-20 months attending government hospitals in North Gondar zone, northwest Ethiopia...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476136/effect-of-supervised-exercise-in-groups-on-psychological-well-being-among-pregnant-women-at-risk-of-depression-the-ewe-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Lotte Broberg, Mette Backhausen, Peter Damm, Per Bech, Ann Tabor, Hanne Kristine Hegaard
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with depression and/or anxiety prior to pregnancy are at higher risk of preterm birth, breastfeeding problems, postpartum depression, and disruption of the mother-infant attachment. It is well documented that exercise improves psychological well-being in nonpregnant subjects with symptoms of depression. However, in only a few small studies have researchers examined the effect of exercise on symptoms of depression among pregnant women. We hypothesize that physiotherapist-supervised group exercise for pregnant women at risk of antenatal depression increases their psychological well-being...
May 5, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475437/the-management-of-persistent-diarrhoea-at-dhaka-hospital-of-the-international-centre-for-diarrhoeal-disease-and-research-a-clinical-chart-review
#20
Shoeb Bin Islam, Tahmeed Ahmed, Mustafa Mahfuz, Ishita Mostafa, Mohammed Ashraful Alam, Kazi Nazmus Saqeeb, Shafiqul Alam Sarker, Mohammod Jobayer Chisti, Nur Haque Alam
BACKGROUND: Persistent diarrhoea (PD) is poorly recognised and it requires proper assessment and early intervention to ensure effective treatment. The International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b) has been managing children with PD for more than two decades. This review focuses on different aspects of the management of PD in a hospital setting. AIM: To estimate the prevalence, socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, treatment outcome and hospital course in under-5 children with persistent diarrhoea (PD)...
May 5, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
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