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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476136/effect-of-supervised-exercise-in-groups-on-psychological-well-being-among-pregnant-women-at-risk-of-depression-the-ewe-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Lotte Broberg, Mette Backhausen, Peter Damm, Per Bech, Ann Tabor, Hanne Kristine Hegaard
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with depression and/or anxiety prior to pregnancy are at higher risk of preterm birth, breastfeeding problems, postpartum depression, and disruption of the mother-infant attachment. It is well documented that exercise improves psychological well-being in nonpregnant subjects with symptoms of depression. However, in only a few small studies have researchers examined the effect of exercise on symptoms of depression among pregnant women. We hypothesize that physiotherapist-supervised group exercise for pregnant women at risk of antenatal depression increases their psychological well-being...
May 5, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475437/the-management-of-persistent-diarrhoea-at-dhaka-hospital-of-the-international-centre-for-diarrhoeal-disease-and-research-a-clinical-chart-review
#2
Shoeb Bin Islam, Tahmeed Ahmed, Mustafa Mahfuz, Ishita Mostafa, Mohammed Ashraful Alam, Kazi Nazmus Saqeeb, Shafiqul Alam Sarker, Mohammod Jobayer Chisti, Nur Haque Alam
BACKGROUND: Persistent diarrhoea (PD) is poorly recognised and it requires proper assessment and early intervention to ensure effective treatment. The International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b) has been managing children with PD for more than two decades. This review focuses on different aspects of the management of PD in a hospital setting. AIM: To estimate the prevalence, socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, treatment outcome and hospital course in under-5 children with persistent diarrhoea (PD)...
May 5, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449646/when-is-the-use-of-pacifiers-justifiable-in-the-baby-friendly-hospital-initiative-context-a-clinician-s-guide
#3
Welma Lubbe, Wilma Ten Ham-Baloyi
BACKGROUND: The use of pacifiers is an ancient practice, but often becomes a point of debate when parents and professionals aim to protect and promote breastfeeding as most appropriately for nurturing infants. We discuss the current literature available on pacifier use to enable critical decision-making regarding justifiable use of pacifiers, especially in the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative context, and we provide practical guidelines for clinicians. DISCUSSION: Suck-swallow-breathe coordination is an important skill that every newborn must acquire for feeding success...
April 27, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418803/an-ecological-momentary-assessment-of-primiparous-women-s-breastfeeding-behavior-and-problems-from-birth-to-8-weeks
#4
Jill R Demirci, Debra L Bogen
BACKGROUND: Primiparous women are at risk for early, unintended breastfeeding reduction and cessation. Breastfeeding patterns that contribute to these outcomes require further exploration. Research aim: This study aimed to describe early, "real-time" breastfeeding behaviors and perceived problems of primiparous women. METHODS: First-time mothers intending to exclusively breastfeed downloaded a commercial infant-feeding app during their postpartum hospitalization...
May 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418698/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-mastitis-in-shiraz-iran-results-of-a-cohort-study
#5
Mahnaz Zarshenas, Yun Zhao, Shahnaz Poorarian, Colin W Binns, Jane A Scott
BACKGROUND: Approximately one in five Western women who breastfeed are likely to experience acute mastitis. This study investigated the incidence and risk factors of acute mastitis in a cohort of Iranian women. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Subjects were 672 participants of the Shiraz Infant Feeding Study conducted between June 2014 and March 2015. Mothers were recruited from the maternity ward and followed up at 1, 3, 4, and 6 months postpartum to obtain information on their breastfeeding practices and experiences...
April 18, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417346/-role-of-primaquine-in-malaria-control-and-elimination-in-french-speaking-africa
#6
S Briolant, B Pradines, L K Basco
Primaquine, an 8-aminoquinoline, is a relatively unknown and underutilized drug in French-speaking African countries. It acts against the liver stage parasites of all human malaria species, asexual blood stages of Plasmodium vivax and, to a lesser degree, Plasmodium falciparum; P. falciparum mature gametocytes, and P. vivax and Plasmodium ovale hypnozoites. Gastrointestinal disturbances are its most common side effects. The clinical utility of primaquine is limited due to its hematological side effects in individuals with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency and other contraindications (pregnant woman, breastfeeding woman, infants less than 6 months old)...
April 17, 2017: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406418/collective-poisoning-from-sea-turtle-consumption-in-mahajanga-madagascar-may-2014
#7
N G Rasamimanana, Z Z Andrianirina, F M F Razafilalaina, L M P Rakotozanany, N C Andriamalala, D Andrianarimanana, D O Tiandaza, N E Raveloson
Poisoning from eating sea turtles, medically known as chelonitoxism, is seen especially in coastal areas. It remains a public health problem in Madagascar, despite a ban on hunting these animals. The objective of this study was to describe its epidemiological and clinical aspects and outcome to improve knowledge and prevention of this type of poisoning. Chelonitoxism occurred in May 2014, affecting the population in Antsanitia, a fishing village in northwest Mahajanga, Madagascar. All patients came first to the CSB I basic health center in Antsanitia and were subsequently hospitalized at the Mahajanga CHU Pzaga, 51 in the adult emergency department and 25 in the pediatrics department...
February 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398196/preconception-care-for-women-with-type-1-or-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-mixed-methods-study-exploring-uptake-of-preconception-care
#8
Sarah Earle, Anisah Tariq, Carol Komaromy, Cathy E Lloyd, M Ali Karamat, Jackie Webb, Paramjit S Gill
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is a global health problem and one of the most common medical conditions in pregnancy. A wide range of modifiable risk factors are associated with diabetes mellitus in pregnancy, and it is widely acknowledged that preconception care (PCC) is beneficial for women with pre-existing diabetes mellitus. However, uptake of PCC services is low. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review qualitative research on PCC for women with pre-existing diabetes mellitus of childbearing age, identify facilitators of and barriers to uptake of PCC and establish themes and gaps in knowledge...
March 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386140/an-ever-challenging-relationship-lupus-and-pregnancy
#9
REVIEW
Andra Bălănescu, Teodora Donisan, Dinu Bălănescu
Systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) is a chronic inflammatory disease with an unknown etiology and an autoimmune pathogenesis, and its clinical manifestations can involve multiple organs through polymorphic biological changes. Nowadays, pregnancy is possible for most patients with SLE, and good outcomes can be expected for both mother and child. This became possible as a consequence of increasingly better monitoring and treatment of pregnant women with SLE. The following article outlines the problems associated with fertility, course of pregnancy, and breastfeeding in women with SLE...
2017: Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382099/fertility-rates-in-young-korean-breast-cancer-patients-treated-with-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-and-chemotherapy
#10
Isaac Kim, Jai Min Ryu, Hyun-June Paik, Sungmin Park, Soo Youn Bae, Se Kyung Lee, Jonghan Yu, Seok Won Kim, Seok Jin Nam, Jeong Eon Lee
PURPOSE: Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists have been used with adjuvant chemotherapy to protect ovarian function. However, there are no data on the actual pregnancy rates among young breast cancer patients receiving GnRH agonists and concurrent chemotherapy in Korea. METHODS: Among patients who underwent surgery from January 2002 to April 2012, premenopausal patients aged between 20 and 40 years were included in the analysis. We retrospectively reviewed clinicopathologic features (e...
March 2017: Journal of Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355995/new-advances-in-infant-feeding-new-products-and-novel-technologies
#11
M C Pina-Pérez, A Martínez, D Rodrigo
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is the best way to provide ideal food for infants. However, there are many situations in which breastfeeding is unviable (maternal illness, hygiene problems, intravenous feeding requirement, storage). Safe, efficient, and nutritious products should be offered by the industry to mothers and healthcare professionals as an alternative. OBJECTIVE: The present review aims to update the state of the art regarding the most innovative developments in infant feeding formulation and, the promising novel technologies that are being investigated to achieve a balance between the microbiological stability, organoleptic and nutritional value of babyfood...
March 28, 2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348200/breastfeeding-cognitive-and-noncognitive-development-in-early-childhood-a-population-study
#12
Lisa-Christine Girard, Orla Doyle, Richard E Tremblay
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is mixed evidence from correlational studies that breastfeeding impacts children's development. Propensity score matching with large samples can be an effective tool to remove potential bias from observed confounders in correlational studies. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of breastfeeding on children's cognitive and noncognitive development at 3 and 5 years of age. METHODS: Participants included ∼8000 families from the Growing Up in Ireland longitudinal infant cohort, who were identified from the Child Benefit Register and randomly selected to participate...
March 27, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342623/mother-newborn-health-indicators-in-possible-victims-of-gender-based-violence-during-pregnancy
#13
Juan Miguel Martínez-Galiano
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy increases the risk of gender-based violence, considered an underdiagnosed public health problem. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between the situation of possible gender-based violence in the pregnant woman and variables related to pregnancy, labor, puerperium, and newborn health. DESIGN: An observational multicenter study. SETTINGS: Three Spanish hospitals during 2015. PARTICIPANTS: 141 pregnant women in which information is collected sociodemographic variables and data related to pregnancy, labor, and puerperium were gathered by interview and from clinical records...
April 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315897/complementary-feeding-in-an-obesogenic-environment-behavioral-and-dietary-quality-outcomes-and-interventions
#14
Lynne Allison Daniels
The WHO infant feeding guidelines, including those for complementary feeding (CF), are very prescriptive, largely based on the outcomes of exclusive breastfeeding, and have a bias towards undernutrition. Consideration of longer-term outcomes related to overnutrition, the predominant nutrition problem in affluent countries, is limited. Compared to the ongoing and often zealous debates regarding the short- and long-term benefits of exclusive breastfeeding to 6 months in affluent countries, exposures (particularly feeding practices) and outcomes related to CF, independent of exclusive breastfeeding, have received little attention...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298543/a-nutrition-education-program-in-rural-bangladesh-was-associated-with-improved-feeding-practices-but-not-with-child-growth
#15
Aatekah Owais, Benjamin Schwartz, David G Kleinbaum, Parminder S Suchdev, Abu Syed Golam Faruque, Sumon K Das, Shahed Rahman, Aryeh D Stein
Background: Childhood undernutrition is a major public health problem in Bangladesh. Evaluating child nutrition programs is a priority.Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate a community-based nutrition education program (implemented from 2011 to 2013) aimed at improving infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices and growth in rural Bangladesh.Methods: A cohort-based evaluation was conducted that included 2400 women (1200 from Karimganj, the intervention subdistrict, and 1200 from Katiadi, the control subdistrict) enrolled at 28-31 wk gestation in 3 waves between January and October 2011...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294631/abm-clinical-protocol-3-supplementary-feedings-in-the-healthy-term-breastfed-neonate-revised-2017
#16
Ann Kellams, Cadey Harrel, Stephanie Omage, Carrie Gregory, Casey Rosen-Carole
A central goal of The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine is the development of clinical protocols for managing common medical problems that may impact breastfeeding success. These protocols serve only as guidelines for the care of breastfeeding mothers and infants and do not delineate an exclusive course of treatment or serve as standards of medical care. Variations in treatment may be appropriate according to the needs of an individual patient.
May 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287819/the-effect-of-a-breastfeeding-motivation-program-maintained-during-pregnancy-on-supporting-breastfeeding-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Eda Cangöl, Nevin Hotun Şahin
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding is the recommended breastfeeding method for infants during the first 6 postnatal months. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to increase breastfeeding duration and frequency using a breastfeeding motivation program (BMP), which was structurally based on Pender's Health Promotion Model (HPM) and administered during pregnancy and the postnatal period. The study was also designed to determine the BMP effectiveness in supporting exclusive breastfeeding...
May 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284020/frenotomy-for-tongue-tie-in-newborn-infants
#18
REVIEW
Joyce E O'Shea, Jann P Foster, Colm Pf O'Donnell, Deirdre Breathnach, Susan E Jacobs, David A Todd, Peter G Davis
BACKGROUND: Tongue-tie, or ankyloglossia, is a condition whereby the lingual frenulum attaches near the tip of the tongue and may be short, tight and thick. Tongue-tie is present in 4% to 11% of newborns. Tongue-tie has been cited as a cause of poor breastfeeding and maternal nipple pain. Frenotomy, which is commonly performed, may correct the restriction to tongue movement and allow more effective breastfeeding with less maternal nipple pain. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether frenotomy is safe and effective in improving ability to feed orally among infants younger than three months of age with tongue-tie (and problems feeding)...
March 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278390/classification-of-human-milks-based-on-their-trans-18-1-fatty-acid-profile-and-effect-of-maternal-diet
#19
Pilar Gómez-Cortés, Miguel Angel de la Fuente
BACKGROUND: The diet of breastfeeding women influences the trans fatty acid (TFA) composition of the milk excreted. However, the effects associated to TFA are isomer-dependent and diverse TFA profiles may have different nutritional implications. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to evaluate whether certain TFA patterns in human milk fat can be used as indicators of TFA intake from different sources. METHODS: Milk fat from 60 women were examined and classified based on their TFA profile and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) contents by principal component analysis (PCA)...
May 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278382/nipple-pain-incidence-the-predisposing-factors-the-recovery-period-after-care-management-and-the-exclusive-breastfeeding-outcome
#20
Pawin Puapornpong, Panwara Paritakul, Maysita Suksamarnwong, Siriwan Srisuwan, Sukwadee Ketsuwan
BACKGROUND: Nipple pain is the most common complaint of breastfeeding mothers during the immediate postpartum period. Persistent nipple pain is associated with low breastfeeding rate at 6 months postpartum. OBJECTIVE: To further explore the incidence of nipple pain, associated predisposing factors, time for recovery after management, and the impact on exclusive breastfeeding rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Included in this study were 1,649 singleton, pregnant women who delivered and had their 1-week follow-up at the breastfeeding clinic during the period of January 2013 to December 2015...
April 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
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