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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165143/characteristics-of-stepfamilies-and-maternal-mental-health-compared-with-non-stepfamilies-in-japan
#1
Masako Sugimoto, Yoshie Yokoyama
BACKGROUND: Stepfamilies remain poorly understood in Japanese society, and the support needs of stepfamily mothers are unclear. This study aimed to identify characteristics of stepfamilies and maternal mental health as compared with non-stepfamilies in Japan to utilize as a primary resource for providing effective support through community-based health care for stepfamilies. METHODS: From December 2011 to July 2012, we conducted this questionnaire survey with mothers at 3- and 4-month checkups for infants...
May 18, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164081/delayed-development-of-feeding-skills-in-children-with-feeding-difficulties-cross-sectional-study-in-a-brazilian-reference-center
#2
Cláudia C Ramos, Priscila Maximino, Rachel H V Machado, Ana Beatriz Bozzini, Letícia W Ribeiro, Mauro Fisberg
Background: Delays in gross motor development, sensory processing issues, and organic and behavioral problems are known to interfere in the development of feeding skills (FS); and-therefore-in the success of the process of feeding a child. Children with feeding difficulties (FD) commonly present inadequacy of FS. Objectives: Assessment of five FS in Brazilian children with FD, and search of associations with types of FD. Methods: Cross-sectional study with 70 children below 10 years old...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135279/cognitive-testing-of-the-brief-breastfeeding-and-milk-expression-recall-survey
#3
Sarah A Keim, Katie Smith, Kelly M Boone, Reena Oza-Frank
BACKGROUND: Major U.S. federal maternal and child health surveys collect an infant feeding history for children under 6 years of age using survey questions that have changed little over decades. Yet, infant feeding and lactation practices have changed with the increasing popularity of milk expression (pumping). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Cognitive interviews were conducted to test the 9-item Brief Breastfeeding and Milk Expression Recall Survey (BaByMERS) with a diverse sample of 15 U...
November 14, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100140/avoiding-selection-bias-without-random-assignment-the-effect-of-breastfeeding-on-cognitive-outcomes-in-china
#4
Héctor Cebolla-Boado, María Jiménez-Buedo, Leire Salazar
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies suggest that some of the health benefits traditionally attributed to breastfeeding may be overstated due to selection bias problems, since typically breastfeeding is more prevalent in more resourceful households. In this paper we argue that an important antidote against selection bias consists in analyzing data from contexts in which breastfeeding is not normativised, or where it is not systematically associated to socioeconomic advantage and best parenting practices...
October 16, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092884/breastfeeding-and-motor-development-in-term-and-preterm-infants-in-a-longitudinal-us-cohort
#5
Kara A Michels, Akhgar Ghassabian, Sunni L Mumford, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Erin M Bell, Scott C Bello, Edwina H Yeung
Background: The relation between breastfeeding and early motor development is difficult to characterize because of the problems in existing studies such as incomplete control for confounding, retrospective assessment of infant feeding, and even the assessment of some motor skills too early.Objective: We sought to estimate associations between infant feeding and time to achieve major motor milestones in a US cohort.Design: The Upstate New York Infant Development Screening Program (Upstate KIDS Study) enrolled mothers who delivered live births in New York (2008-2010)...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078306/widespread-covariation-of-early-environmental-exposures-and-trait-associated-polygenic-variation
#6
E Krapohl, L J Hannigan, J-B Pingault, H Patel, N Kadeva, C Curtis, G Breen, S J Newhouse, T C Eley, P F O'Reilly, R Plomin
Although gene-environment correlation is recognized and investigated by family studies and recently by SNP-heritability studies, the possibility that genetic effects on traits capture environmental risk factors or protective factors has been neglected by polygenic prediction models. We investigated covariation between trait-associated polygenic variation identified by genome-wide association studies (GWASs) and specific environmental exposures, controlling for overall genetic relatedness using a genomic relatedness matrix restricted maximum-likelihood model...
October 31, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030022/impact-of-support-networks-for-breastfeeding-a-multicentre-study
#7
Isabel Baño-Piñero, María Emilia Martínez-Roche, Manuel Canteras-Jordana, César Carrillo-García, Esteban Orenes-Piñero
BACKGROUND: The rates of breastfeeding worldwide are slowly improving since 1996. Europe is still trailing behind the global breastfeeding incidence and prevalence rates. Thus, breastfeeding promotion, protection, prolongation and support have become an important challenge as breastfeeding sharply decreases in the first six months of life. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this project is to determine, assess and identify the real impact of breastfeeding support networks in Murcia (Spain)...
October 10, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026730/important-role-of-medical-training-curriculum-to-promote-the-rate-of-human-milk-feeding
#8
REVIEW
Yong Joo Kim
The rate of human milk feeding has been decreasing despite the diverse efforts of many physicians and nurses, as well as numerous professional organizations and various international health institutions. The number of physicians and nurses who can provide proper guidance for human milk feeding and offer appropriate knowledge and techniques to allow the most beneficial and convenient manner of breastfeeding is quite deficient. It is suggested that physicians and nurses be trained to teach and educate about the medical importance of human milk feeding to lactating mothers...
September 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026337/rate-and-factors-affecting-non-exclusive-breastfeeding-among-thai-women-under-the-breastfeeding-promotion-program
#9
Sucharat Buttham, Kiattisak Kongwattanakul, Natiya Jaturat, Sukree Soontrapa
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the rate of non-exclusive breastfeeding and associated factors among Thai women under the Breastfeeding Promotion Program. METHODS: This was a prospective descriptive study that involved term postpartum women who attended the Breastfeeding Clinic at Srinagarind Hospital in Thailand, from April to December 2016. Abstracted data included baseline characteristics, obstetric history, breastfeeding history, problems in breastfeeding at day 3 and 2 weeks, and feeding status at 12 weeks postpartum...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024880/experience-with-and-amount-of-postpartum-maternity-care-comparing-women-who-rated-the-care-they-received-from-the-maternity-care-assistant-as-good-or-less-than-good-care
#10
C I Baas, T A Wiegers, T P de Cock, J J H M Erwich, E R Spelten, E K Hutton
OBJECTIVE: The postpartum period is an important time in the lives of new mothers, their children and their families. The aim of postpartum care is 'to detect health problems of mother and/or baby at an early stage, to encourage breastfeeding and to give families a good start' (Wiegers, 2006). The Netherlands maternity care system aims to enable every new family to receive postpartum care in their home by a maternity care assistant (MCA). In order to better understand this approach, in this study we focus on women who experienced the postpartum care by the MCA as 'less than good' care...
September 19, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019422/pharmacotherapy-of-mood-disorders-and-psychosis-in-pre-and-post-natal-women
#11
Beth Smith, Steven L Dubovsky
Untreated mood and psychotic disorders can have substantial adverse impacts on the patient, the fetus and the family, while treatment can ameliorate such problems. To address concerns by clinicians about the risks of psychotropic medications, this review addresses the risk/benefit analysis of somatic therapies for psychiatric disorders during pregnancy and lactation. Areas covered: All available research was reviewed on the impact on pregnancy and breastfeeding of mood and psychotic disorders, and of antidepressants, mood stabilizers, antipsychotic drugs, and electroconvulsive therapy...
November 7, 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991423/child-health-in-elementary-school-following-california%C3%A2-s-paid-family-leave-program
#12
Shirlee Lichtman-Sadot, Niryvia Pillay Bell
We evaluate changes in elementary school children health outcomes following the introduction of California’s Paid Family Leave (PFL) program, which provided parents with paid time off following the birth of a child. Our health outcomes--overweight, ADHD, and hearing-related problems--are characterized by diagnosis rates that only pick up during early elementary school. Moreover, our health outcomes have been found to be negatively linked with many potential implications of extended maternity leave--increased breastfeeding, prompt medical checkups at infancy, reduced prenatal stress, and reduced non-parental care during infancy...
2017: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984530/development-and-evaluation-of-a-lactation-rotation-for-a-pediatric-residency-program
#13
Jennifer B Albert, Jody Heinrichs-Breen, Frank W Belmonte
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that pediatricians promote and help manage breastfeeding. However, research has shown that they are not adequately prepared. To address this gap, a 2-week mandatory lactation rotation program was developed for first-year pediatric residents. Research aim: The aim of the study was to provide a lactation education program and to measure the residents' knowledge and perceived confidence regarding breastfeeding. METHODS: This longitudinal self-report pretest/posttest study was conducted with a convenience sample of 45 first-year pediatric residents...
November 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981973/resumption-of-intercourse-self-reported-decline-in-sexual-intercourse-and-dyspareunia-in-women-by-mode-of-birth-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#14
José-Matías Triviño-Juárez, Dulce Romero-Ayuso, Beatriz Nieto-Pereda, Maria João Forjaz, Cristina Oliver-Barrecheguren, Sonia Mellizo-Díaz, Beatriz Avilés-Gámez, Begoña Arruti-Sevilla, Juan-José Criado-Álvarez, Consuelo Soto-Lucía, Rosa Plá-Mestre
AIM: To evaluate the association between mode of birth and the resumption of sexual intercourse, self-reported decline in sexual intercourse and dyspareunia in women at the 6(th) week and 6(th) month postpartum. BACKGROUND: Interest in the relationship between mode of birth and postpartum sexual functioning is increasing. However, previous findings are contradictory. DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal, observational study. METHOD: The participants comprised 552 healthy primiparous women aged 18-45 years who gave birth at a hospital between February 2013 - April 2014...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979728/the-effect-of-saqez-pistacia-atlantica-ointment-on-the-treatment-of-nipple-fissure-and-nipple-pain-in-breastfeeding-women
#15
Nayereh As'adi, Nourossadat Kariman, Faraz Mojab, Mohammad Amin Pourhoseingholi
BACKGROUND: Nipple fissure is a common problem in breastfeeding women, and the main reason for the early discontinuation of breastfeeding. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of Saqez (Pistacia atlantica) ointment on the treatment of nipple fissure and nipple pain in breastfeeding women. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 100 subjects admitted to the health centers in Tehran, Iran from mid-July to mid-November 2015. The subjects were randomly divided into two equal groups of 50 for the Saqez ointment group and the control group...
August 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977289/initial-breastfeeding-difficulties-and-association-with-breast-disorders-among-postpartum-women
#16
Gessandro Elpídio Fernandes Barbosa, Victor Bruno da Silva, Janeide Mendes Pereira, Marianne Silva Soares, Rosemberg Dos Anjos Medeiros, Luciana Barbosa Pereira, Lucinéia de Pinho, Antônio Prates Caldeira
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of difficulties in adopting initial breastfeeding techniques and their association with breast disorders in postpartum women. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was carried out with 276 randomly selected mother-baby pairs in rooming-in in 3 hospitals in a city of Minas Gerais State (southeast Brazil). An assessment protocol was established to evaluate the breastfeeding technique used. The association between the variables studied and breast disorders was determined by the chi-square test followed by logistic regression, with significance level set at 0...
July 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977276/-maternal-breastfeeding-alone-or-as-a-couple-a-study-on-the-experiences-of-reconfiguration-of-bodies-roles-and-daily-routines-in-mexican-mothers-and-fathers
#17
Ulises Martínez-Plascencia, Yesica Yolanda Rangel-Flores, Ma Estela Rodríguez-Martinez
: Early interruption of maternal breastfeeding is a public health problem in developed and developing societies, and social gender constructions and social inequalities between men and women contribute to the phenomenon's complexity. The article reflects on the experiences of fathers and mothers with the reconfiguration of bodies, roles, and daily routines involved in breastfeeding. This was a qualitative study with an interpretative phenomenological focus and gender perspective in couples whose children were less than six months old, who were breastfeeding or had breastfed and agreed to participate voluntarily...
September 28, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943316/it-s-more-than-just-luck-a-qualitative-exploration-of-breastfeeding-in-rural-australia
#18
Lois McKellar, Julie Fleet, Shona Dove
It's more than just luck: A qualitative exploration of breastfeeding in rural Australia PROBLEM: Despite significant public health benefits, breastfeeding for six months continues to be challenging for women. BACKGROUND: In the Mid North of South Australia, healthcare professionals were concerned that breastfeeding rates were lower than the national average and that a collaborative approach was needed to promote breastfeeding. AIM: To explore the experiences of women and health professional in the Mid North, to inform interventions to improve breastfeeding longevity...
September 21, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938077/one-step-for-a-hospital-ten-steps-for-women-african-american-women-s-experiences-in-a-newly-accredited-baby-friendly-hospital
#19
Elizabeth M Miller, Adetola F Louis-Jacques, Tara F Deubel, Ivonne Hernandez
BACKGROUND: Despite strides made by the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative to improve and normalize breastfeeding, considerable racial inequality persists in breastfeeding rates. Few studies have explored African American women's experience in a Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative system to understand sources of this inequality. Research aim: This study aimed to explore African American women's experiences of the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding at a women's center associated with a university-affiliated hospital that recently achieved Baby-Friendly status...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937862/the-effect-of-preoperative-oral-carbohydrate-on-breastfeeding-after-cesarean-section-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#20
Razieh Khalooei Fard, Zohre Tabassi, Mostafa Qorbani, Saeed Hosseini
Delay in the initiation of breastfeeding is one of the problems of cesarean section. Its causes are insulin resistance, pain, anxiety, stress, thirst, hunger, and so on. Preoperative oral carbohydrate (OCH) reduces postoperative insulin resistance and improves postoperative recovery. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of preoperative oral carbohydrate on breastfeeding after cesarean section. In this double-blind randomized clinical trial, 91 pregnant women who underwent elective cesarean section were randomly assigned to preoperative OCH (Nutricia Preop; n = 45) or control group (water flavored with lemon; n = 46)...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
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