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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908394/system-on-chip-design-of-the-cortical-diencephalic-centre-of-the-lower-urinary-tract
#1
Francisco Maciá Pérez, Leandro Zambrano Méndez, José Vicente Berná Martínez, Roberto Sepúlveda Lima
This article presents the design of a field programmable gate array (FPGA)-based prototype of a system on chip (SoC) capable of behaving as one of the nerve centres comprising the neuroregulatory system in humans: the cortical-diencephalic nerve centre. The neuroregulatory system is a complex nerve system consisting of a heterogeneous group of nerve centres. These centres are distributed throughout the length of the spinal cord, are autonomous, communicate via interneurons, and govern and regulate the behaviour of multiple organs and systems in the human body...
June 13, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908378/vitamin-d-deficiency-and-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-women
#2
H Aydogmus, U S Demirdal
OBJECTIVE: The association of vitamin D deficiency and pelvic floor dysfunction has been examined by numerous studies. Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) associated with bladder filling and voiding functions are common in both sexes. A recent study reports a higher incidence of LTUS in men over 50 years old with vitamin D deficiency. The aim of the study is to investigate whether there is a difference in the Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms frequency between women with vitamin D deficiency and the control group or not...
June 9, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908216/complications-of-delivery-among-mothers-with-spina-bifida
#3
Courtney L Shepard, Phyllis L Yan, Stephanie J Kielb, Daniela A Wittmann, Elisabeth H Quint, Kate H Kraft, John M Hollingsworth
OBJECTIVE: To determine rates and types of peripartum morbidity among delivering women with spina bifida (SB) compared to those without SB. The rates of pregnancy and delivery among women with SB have been significantly increasing. Current knowledge of peripartum outcomes for these women is limited. METHODS: Using 2004-2013 National Inpatient Sample data, we identified all hospitalizations for delivery, distinguishing between women with and without SB. Using a code-based algorithm, we determined whether a complication occurred during the hospitalization...
June 13, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906435/the-association-of-previous-prostate-biopsy-related-complications-and-the-type-of-complication-with-patient-compliance-with-re-biopsy-scheme
#4
Logan S Schwarzman, Michael R Abern, Daniel F Garvey, Gerald L Andriole, Stephen J Freedland, Daniel M Moreira
INTRODUCTION: Prostate biopsy complications have important consequences that may affect patient compliance with re-biopsy schemes; however, this has not been studied in earnest. Thus, we evaluated whether previous prostate biopsy-related complications and the type of complication were associated with repeat prostate biopsy compliance in a clinical trial with study-mandated systematic biopsies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 4,939 men ages 50-75 who underwent a 2-year prostate biopsy and were recommended to undergo the 4-year prostate re-biopsy in the Reduction by Dutasteride of prostate cancer Events (REDUCE) study...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906433/complex-robotic-lower-urinary-tract-surgeries-in-patients-with-previous-open-surgery
#5
Patricio C Gargollo, Candace Granberg, Edward Gong, Duong Tu, Benjamin Whittam, Daniel Dajusta
PURPOSE: We describe our experience with robot assisted complex lower urinary tract reconstruction (CUTR) in patients with previous open abdominal surgery (PAS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with any PAS undergoing robot assisted CUTR were included. CUTR was defined as bladder neck reconstruction (BNR) or continent catheterizable conduits (CCC) or both, redo surgery at the bladder neck for persistent incontinence, or any of the above with an antegrade enema channel creation (MACE)...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905633/longer-duration-of-urinary-catheterization-increases-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-in-picu
#6
Kahoru Fukuoka, Mihoko Furuichi, Kenta Ito, Yoshihiko Morikawa, Ichiro Watanabe, Naoki Shimizu, Yuho Horikoshi
OBJECTIVES: Catheter-associated urinary tract infections account for 30% of healthcare-associated infections. To date, few studies have addressed pediatric catheter-associated urinary tract infection in PICUs. The aim of our study was to assess the risk of catheter-associated urinary tract infection in relation to the duration of catheterization in the PICU. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: PICU at a tertiary children's hospital...
June 13, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905016/examining-the-july-effect-on-patients-undergoing-pituitary-surgery
#7
Bassel Bashjawish, Shreya Patel, Suat Kılıç, Wayne D Hsueh, James K Liu, Soly Baredes, Jean Anderson Eloy
BACKGROUND: Our aim in this study was to assess the impact of the turnover of residents in July on patients undergoing pituitary surgery. METHODS: This work was a retrospective cohort study of cases from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS). Patients who underwent pituitary surgery from 2005 to 2012 were selected in the NIS. Patients undergoing surgery in July and in non-July months were compared to determine differences in demographics, comorbidities, and complications...
June 15, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904633/physiology-of-hyperuricemia-and-urate-lowering-treatments
#8
REVIEW
Caroline L Benn, Pinky Dua, Rachel Gurrell, Peter Loudon, Andrew Pike, R Ian Storer, Ciara Vangjeli
Gout is the most common form of inflammatory arthritis and is a multifactorial disease typically characterized by hyperuricemia and monosodium urate crystal deposition predominantly in, but not limited to, the joints and the urinary tract. The prevalence of gout and hyperuricemia has increased in developed countries over the past two decades and research into the area has become progressively more active. We review the current field of knowledge with emphasis on active areas of hyperuricemia research including the underlying physiology, genetics and epidemiology, with a focus on studies which suggest association of hyperuricemia with common comorbidities including cardiovascular disease, renal insufficiency, metabolic syndrome and diabetes...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904444/the-impact-of-nutritional-status-and-complete-blood-count-parameters-on-clinical-outcome-in-geriatric-critically-ill-patients
#9
Abdulkerim Yildiz, Ali Yigit, Ali Ramazan Benli
Background: The geriatric population in intensive care units (ICUs) has recently increased. The aim of this study was to analyse the impact of initial complete blood count (CBC)-related parameters and nutritional status on morbidity and mortality in geriatric ICU patients. Methods: A retrospective analysis was made of geriatric patients admitted to our tertiary adult ICU for 1 year. Patients with a length of stay (LOS) of < 48 h, with hematological malignancy or age < 65 years age were excluded from the study...
July 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903699/a-putative-role-of-apolipoprotein-l1-polymorphism-in-renal-parenchymal-scarring-following-febrile-urinary-tract-infection-in-nigerian-under-five-children-proposal-for-a-case-control-association-study
#10
Emmanuel Ademola Anigilaje
BACKGROUND: Although urinary tract infection (UTI) resolves with prompt treatment in a majority of children, some children, especially those aged less than 5 years, also develop renal parenchymal scarring (RPS). RPS causes high blood pressure that may lead to severe chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Although the risk of UTI is higher in white children than in black children, it is unknown whether RPS is more common in white children than in black children as data are scarce in this regard...
June 14, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903613/atypical-relapses-in-laparoscopic-and-robot-assisted-surgery-of-urothelial-carcinoma-of-the-urinary-tract-and-bladder
#11
EDITORIAL
J Huguet, A Rosales, A Breda, J Palou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 11, 2018: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903608/management-of-pediatric-patients-with-dsd-and-ambiguous-genitalia-balancing-the-child-s-moral-claims-to-self-determination-with-parental-values-and-preferences
#12
David A Diamond, Jonathan Swartz, Amy Tishelman, Judith Johnson, Yee-Ming Chan
INTRODUCTION: A central ethical dilemma in management of the patient with a disorder of sex development (DSD) is the potential conflict between respect for the fundamental right of the child for physical and emotional integrity and self-determination, and the right of parents to serve as surrogate decision-makers and act in their child's best interest. METHODS: Over the past 2 years we have encountered three complex DSD cases on the spectrum of mixed gonadal dysgenesis to ovotesticular DSD in which gender assignment and therefore optimal surgical management was uncertain...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903422/efficacy-of-bladder-irrigation-in-preventing-urinary-tract-infections-associated-with-short-term-catheterization-in-comatose-patients-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#13
Farahnaz Ramezani, Mahnaz Khatiban, Farshid Rahimbashar, Ali Reza Soltanian
BACKGROUND: Bladder irrigation can be performed to prevent catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI), but its efficacy has been not reported in short-term indwelling urinary catheterization. This clinical trial aimed to examine the efficacy of bladder irrigation with normal saline solution in preventing CAUTI in comatose patients admitted to intensive care units. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligible patients were randomized to the experimental group or control group...
June 11, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902354/effects-of-individual-nurse-and-hospital-characteristics-on-patient-adverse-events-and-quality-of-care-a-multilevel-analysis
#14
Seung Eun Lee, Catherine Vincent, V Susan Dahinten, Linda D Scott, Chang Gi Park, Karen Dunn Lopez
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate effects of individual nurse and hospital characteristics on patient adverse events and quality of care using a multilevel approach. DESIGN: This is a secondary analysis of a combination of nurse survey data (N = 1,053 nurses) and facility data (N = 63 hospitals) in Canada. METHODS: Multilevel ordinal logistic regression was employed to examine effects of individual nurse and hospital characteristics on patient adverse events...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901799/the-use-of-a-silver-nylon-dressing-during-evacuation-of-military-burn-casualties
#15
Amit Aurora, Alexander Beasy, Julie A Rizzo, Kevin K Chung
The military has used silver-nylon dressings as a topical antimicrobial on combat-related burns for the past 15 years. However, their clinical efficacy and associated risks have not been evaluated. Herein, the authors document our experience with the use of a specific silver-nylon dressing (Silverlon®) during global evacuation of casualties from combat zones to the United States sArmy Institute of Surgical Research Burn Center. A 10-year retrospective analysis was performed. Variables included patient demographics, total body surface area, length of stay, Injury Severity Score, incidence of urinary tract and burn infections, pneumonia, patient status at the time of discharge, and a composite endpoint...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901309/-current-prospects-for-improving-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-internal-stents
#16
A G Martov, D V Ergakov, A B Novikov
Internal drainage of the upper urinary tract by stenting is a common urological procedure. The use of stenting in modern urological practice is on the rise due to widespread adoption of modern endourological, laparoscopic, percutaneous and high-tech robotic interventions. The presence of a stent in the patients body may cause stent-related symptoms and negatively affect the quality of life, resulting in additional outpatient visits and hospitalizations. The review provides an analysis of the causes, diagnostic evaluation, prevention and treatment of stent-related symptoms...
May 2018: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901305/-extract-of-serenoa-repens-in-the-treatment-of-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-and-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#17
R E Amdii, A S Al' Shukri
This literature review focuses on the use of Serenoa repens extracts in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Extracts of Serenoa repens produce marked anti-inflammatory, anti-androgenic and antiproliferative effects. Various extracts differ in their activity depending on the concentration of free fatty acids and the method of extract preparation. Extracts of Serenoa Repens from different manufacturers vary considerably in composition, effectiveness and supporting evidence...
May 2018: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901299/-uretero-ureteral-anastomosis-ureteropyeloanasto-mosis-for-the-duplicated-upper-urinary-tract-in-children
#18
I M Kagantsov, V V Sizonov, V I Dubrov, S G Bondarenko, N R Akramov, O S Shmyrov, G I Kuzovleva, R V Surov, A A Logval
INTRODUCTION: The duplex kidney is one of the most common congenital abnormalities of the urinary tract, and various surgical procedures exist for the management of this condition. Depending on the surgeon preferences, patients with duplex kidney may undergo heminephrectomy with ureterectomy using open or laparoscopic approach, uretero-cysto-anastomosis of the ectopic ureter or two ureters in a single block. Recently, there have been reports of inter-ureter anastomoses. Here we report our multicenter experience in open and laparoscopic uretero-ureteral anastomosis (UUA)...
May 2018: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901297/-the-effectiveness-and-safety-of-omnik-ocas-in-patients-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-secondary-to-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-in-the-routine-clinical-practice-in-the-russian-federation-prospective-multi-center-observing-program
#19
O B Loran, A A Seregin
AIM: To investigate changes in the IPSS after a six-month treatment with Omnic Ocas and its effect on the quality of life of patients in routine urological practice in the Russian Federation in a prospective, multicenter, observational study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study comprised 7000 patients with a verified diagnosis of lower urinary tract symptoms/benign prostatic hyperplasia who received Omnic Ocas (tamsulosin) administered by 700 urologists in various Russian medical institutions...
May 2018: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901294/-evaluation-of-upper-urinary-tract-function-in-patients-undergoing-autoplastic-surgery-for-hydronphrosis-of-the-intrarenal-pelvis
#20
R M Kurbanaliev, A Ch Usupbaev, I V Kolesnichenko, N Zh Sadyrbekov, B M Sultanov
AIM: To investigate the functional state of the upper urinary tract in patients undergoing autoplastic surgery for a hydronophrosis of the intrarenal pelvis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study comprised 78 patients with the intrarenal pelvis and impaired urinary outflow due to stricture of the ureteropelvic junction and vascular conflict (interatrial and arteriovenous narrowing), who underwent pyeloplasty using autologous tunica vaginalis. All patients underwent an incision of ureteropelvic stricture and resection of the parietal layer of the tunica vaginalis which was used to repair the obstruction site and internal stenting of the upper urinary tract...
May 2018: Urologii︠a︡
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