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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446014/noninvasive-medical-tools-for-evaluating-voiding-pattern-in-real-life
#1
REVIEW
Kwonsoo Chun, Su Jin Kim, Sung Tae Cho
Voiding dysfunction is a common disease that contributes to a lower quality of life and has an increased prevalence in the elderly population. Noninvasive and objective methods such as uroflowmetry (UFM) and voiding diaries (VDs) are essential for exact diagnosis and effective treatment of this condition because patients with different causes of voiding dysfunction can complain of the same lower urinary tract symptoms. Further, different treatment options can be determined based on the diagnosis made from these symptoms...
April 2017: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446013/the-in-vivo-effect-of-ytterbium-doped-fiber-laser-on-rat-buccal-mucosa-as-a-simulation-of-its-effect-on-the-urinary-tract-a-preclinical-histopathological-evaluation
#2
Songzhe Piao, Yue Wang, Young Ju Lee, Seungsoo Hong, Yoonchan Jeong, Seung-June Oh
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to perform a histological analysis of the effect of a ytterbium-doped fiber (YDF) laser on oral buccal mucosa tissue in vivo to simulate its effect on the mucosa of the lower urinary tract. METHODS: A total of 90 8-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats were anesthetized with urethrane (1.2 g/kg intraperitoneally). A prespecified inner buccal mucosal site was irradiated with a YDF master-oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) system for 60 seconds, with output power settings of 0...
April 2017: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446011/development-of-decision-support-formulas-for-the-prediction-of-bladder-outlet-obstruction-and-prostatic-surgery-in-patients-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptom-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-part-ii-external-validation-and-usability-testing-of-a-smartphone-app
#3
Min Soo Choo, Seong Jin Jeong, Sung Yong Cho, Changwon Yoo, Chang Wook Jeong, Ja Hyeon Ku, Seung-June Oh
PURPOSE: We aimed to externally validate the prediction model we developed for having bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) and requiring prostatic surgery using 2 independent data sets from tertiary referral centers, and also aimed to validate a mobile app for using this model through usability testing. METHODS: Formulas and nomograms predicting whether a subject has BOO and needs prostatic surgery were validated with an external validation cohort from Seoul National University Bundang Hospital and Seoul Metropolitan Government-Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center between January 2004 and April 2015...
April 2017: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446010/development-of-decision-support-formulas-for-the-prediction-of-bladder-outlet-obstruction-and-prostatic-surgery-in-patients-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptom-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-part-i-development-of-the-formula-and-its-internal-validation
#4
Min Soo Choo, Changwon Yoo, Sung Yong Cho, Seong Jin Jeong, Chang Wook Jeong, Ja Hyeon Ku, Seung-June Oh
PURPOSE: As the elderly population increases, a growing number of patients have lower urinary tract symptom (LUTS)/benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The aim of this study was to develop decision support formulas and nomograms for the prediction of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) and for BOO-related surgical decision-making, and to validate them in patients with LUTS/BPH. METHODS: Patient with LUTS/BPH between October 2004 and May 2014 were enrolled as a development cohort...
April 2017: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444715/can-a-patient-reported-outcome-be-adequate-without-assessing-quality-of-life-in-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction
#5
REVIEW
Nikki Cotterill, Andrea Tubaro
AIMS AND METHODS: A think tank was convened at the sixth ICI-RS meeting held in the United Kingdom on September 2015, to consider the adequacy of patient reported outcome (PRO) measurement if quality of life (QoL) evaluation were excluded. Rigorous methodology is proposed for the development of PROs and much is written about this process but the necessity for QoL inclusion is rarely discussed. The decision was therefore taken to consider what QoL evaluation provides and what these data provide...
April 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444714/is-testosterone-important-in-lut-function-in-men-and-women-ici-rs-2015
#6
REVIEW
Jasmin Katrin Badawi, Ruud Bosch, Jens Christian Djurhuus, Ann T Hanna-Mitchell
AIM: This review article is a collaborative report based upon the Authors' presentations and Group discussion on the role of testosterone (T) in the male and female lower urinary tract (LUT) which took place at the 6th International Consultation on Incontinence Research Society's (ICI-RS) annual meeting, in Bristol, UK (September 8-10, 2015). METHODS: It comprises overviews and opinions on both the current state of knowledge of the role of T in LUT function and dysfunction in both sexes...
April 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444713/do-we-assess-urethral-function-adequately-in-lutd-and-nlutd-ici-rs-2015
#7
REVIEW
Jerzy B Gajewski, Peter F W M Rosier, Sajjad Rahnama'i, Paul Abrams
INTRODUCTION: Urethral function, as well as anatomy, play a significant role in voiding reflex and abnormalities in one or both contribute to the pathophysiology of Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction (LUTD). We have several diagnostic tools to assess the urethral function or dysfunction but the question remains, are these adequate? METHODS: This is a report of the proceedings of Think Tank P1: 'Do we assess urethral function adequately in LUTD and NLUTD?' from the annual International Consultation on Incontinence-Research Society, which took place September 22-24, 2014 in Bristol, UK...
April 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444712/the-urinary-microbiome-and-its-contribution-to-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-ici-rs-2015
#8
REVIEW
Marcus J Drake, Nicola Morris, Apostolos Apostolidis, Mohammad S Rahnama'i, Julian R Marchesi
AIMS: The microbiome is the term used for the symbiotic microbial colonisation of healthy organs. Studies have found bacterial identifiers within voided urine which is apparently sterile on conventional laboratory culture, and accordingly there may be health and disease implications. METHODS: The International Consultation on Incontinence Research Society (ICI-RS) established a literature review and expert consensus discussion focussed on the increasing awareness of the urinary microbiome, and potential research priorities...
April 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444711/are-we-justified-in-suggesting-change-to-caffeine-alcohol-and-carbonated-drink-intake-in-lower-urinary-tract-disease-report-from-the-ici-rs-2015
#9
REVIEW
Dudley Robinson, Ann Hanna-Mitchell, Angie Rantell, Gans Thiagamoorthy, Linda Cardozo
AIMS: There is increasing evidence that diet may have a significant role in the development of lower urinary tract symptoms. While fluid intake is known to affect lower urinary tract function the effects of alcohol, caffeine, carbonated drinks, and artificial sweeteners are less well understood and evidence from epidemiological studies is mixed and sometimes contradictory. The aim of this paper is to appraise the available evidence on the effect of caffeine, alcohol, and carbonated drinks on lower urinary tract function and dysfunction in addition to suggesting proposals for further research...
April 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444710/can-we-define-and-characterize-the-aging-lower-urinary-tract-ici-rs-2015
#10
REVIEW
Bahareh Vahabi, Adrian S Wagg, Peter F W M Rosier, Kevin L J Rademakers, Marie-Astrid Denys, Michel Pontari, Thelma Lovick, Francoise A Valentini, Pierre P Nelson, Karl-Erik Andersson, Christopher H Fry
The prevalence of lower urinary tract (LUT) symptoms increases with age but the etiology is unknown. This article aims to identify research directions that clarify the basis of this association. The initial question is whether biological age is the variable of interest or a time-dependent accumulation of factors that impact on LUT function at rates that differ between individuals. In particular, the accumulation of conditions or agents due to inflammatory states or tissue ischemia is important. Much of the above has been concerned with changes to bladder function and morphology...
April 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444709/male-bladder-outlet-obstruction-time-to-re-evaluate-the-definition-and-reconsider-our-diagnostic-pathway-ici-rs-2015
#11
REVIEW
Kevin Rademakers, Marcus J Drake, Andrew Gammie, Jens C Djurhuus, Peter F W M Rosier, Paul Abrams, Christopher Harding
The diagnosis of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) in the male is dependent on measurements of pressure and flow made during urodynamic studies. The procedure of urodynamics and the indices used to delineate BOO are well standardized largely as a result of the work of the International Continence Society. The clinical utility of the diagnosis of BOO is however, less well defined and there are several shortcomings and gaps in the currently available medical literature. Consequently the International Consultation on Incontinence Research Society (ICI-RS) held a think tank session in 2015 entitled "Male bladder outlet obstruction: Time to re-evaluate the definition and reconsider our diagnostic pathway?" This manuscript details the discussions that took place within that think tank setting out the pros and cons of the current definition of BOO and exploring alternative clinical tests (alone or in combination) which may be useful in the future investigation of male patients with lower urinary tract symptoms...
April 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444704/how-does-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-lutd-affect-sexual-function-in-men-and-women-ici-rs-2015-part-2
#12
REVIEW
Apostolos Apostolidis, Angie Rantell, Ralf Anding, Ruth Kirschner-Hermanns, Linda Cardozo
AIM: To discuss available data on the links between LUTD and sexual dysfunction, what is still unknown about the causative effect of disease processes on sexual function (SF), and to suggest proposals for further research. METHODS: At the 2015 International Consultation on Incontinence-Research Society (ICI-RS), a multi-disciplinary group presented a literature search of what is known about the effect of LUTD on SF in men and women. Wider discussions regarding knowledge gaps, and ideal research methodology ensued and are presented...
April 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444703/how-does-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-affect-sexual-function-in-men-and-women-ici-rs-2015-part-1
#13
REVIEW
Angie Rantell, Apostolos Apostolidis, Ralf Anding, Ruth Kirschner-Hermanns, Linda Cardozo
AIM: The aim of this paper is to review the literature on the effect of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) on sexual function and dysfunction. METHODS: At the International Consultation on Incontinence-Research Society (ICI-RS) in 2015, a multidisciplinary group presented a literature search of what is known about the effect of lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) on sexual function (SF) in men and women. Wider discussions regarding knowledge gaps and ideal research methodology ensued...
April 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444701/is-electrolyte-transfer-across-the-urothelium-important-ici-rs-2015
#14
REVIEW
Karen D McCloskey, Bahareh Vahabi, Christopher H Fry
AIMS: This article summarizes discussion at the International Consultation on Incontinence Research Society (ICI-RS) 2015 meeting of urine modification in the urinary tract by the urothelium. It considers the literature and proposes pertinent questions that need to be addressed to understand this phenomenon within a physiological context. METHODS: Following the ICI-RS meeting, publications in PubMed relating to urine modification in the renal pelvis, ureter, and bladder were reviewed...
April 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444682/-transcultural-validation-in-spanish-of-the-actionable-bladder-symptoms-screening-tool
#15
T Munoz-Ruiz, V E Fernandez-Sanchez, V Reyes-Garrido, C Martinez-Tomas, P Urbaneja-Romero, A Gallardo-Tur, M Guerrero-Fernandez, A Leon-Martin, O Fernandez
INTRODUCTION: Disorders of the lower urinary tract are frequent in patients with multiple sclerosis throughout the course of the disease and reach variable prevalences close to 75%. It is essential to obtain an early diagnosis in the initial phases and to implement an optimal therapeutic management. Burks et al developed the Actionable Bladder Symptoms Screening Tool (ABSST) as a useful screening test in such disorders. Later, Bates et al developed a short version of the ABSST with the objective of minimising the time required to complete it and making it easier to use...
May 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444408/prolapse-assessment-supine-and-standing-do-we-need-different-cutoffs-for-significant-prolapse
#16
Nuria-Laia Rodríguez-Mias, Nishamini Subramaniam, Talia Friedman, Ka Lai Shek, Hans Peter Dietz
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Translabial ultrasound (TLUS) has shown good correlations between clinical examination and imaging findings in the supine position, and limits of normality have been described. This is not the case for imaging in the standing position. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that different cutoff values are required for imaging in the standing position. METHODS: This was a retrospective study carried out in a tertiary urogynecological unit in women presenting with symptoms of lower urinary tract and pelvic floor dysfunction between August 2013 and December 2015...
April 25, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444299/environmental-factors-associated-with-disease-flare-in-juvenile-and-adult-dermatomyositis
#17
Gulnara Mamyrova, Lisa G Rider, Alison Ehrlich, Olcay Jones, Lauren M Pachman, Robert Nickeson, Lisa G Criscone-Schreiber, Lawrence K Jung, Frederick W Miller, James D Katz
Objective.: The aim was to assess environmental factors associated with disease flare in juvenile and adult dermatomyositis (DM). Methods.: An online survey of DM patients from the USA and Canada examined smoking, sun exposure, infections, medications, vaccines, stressful life events and physical activity during the 6 months before flares, or in the past 6 months in patients without flares. Differences were evaluated by χ 2 and Fisher's exact tests, and significant univariable results were examined in multivariable logistic regression...
April 21, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443576/changes-in-bacterial-resistance-patterns-of-pediatric-urinary-tract-infections-in-%C3%A4-stanbul-and-rationale-for-empirical-antibiotic-therapy
#18
İbrahim Gökçe, Neslihan Çiçek, Serçin Güven, Ülger Altuntaş, Neşe Bıyıklı, Nurdan Yıldız, Harika Alpay
BACKGROUND: The causative agent spectrum and resistance patterns of urinary tract infection (UTI) in children are affected by many factors. AIMS: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the antibiotic resistance in UTI and changing ratio in antibiotic resistance by years. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. METHODS: We analyzed antibiotic resistance patterns of isolated gram (-) bacteria during years 2011-2014 (study period 2) in children with UTI...
April 6, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443271/refractory-urinary-incontinence-in-girls-the-role-of-the-bladder-neck
#19
Rafal Chrzan
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) in children is between 6 and 9% with urinary incontinence (UI) being one of the most common symptom. VARIOUS ASPECTS OF LOWER URINARY TRACT SYMPTOMS LUTS: Anatomical anomalies of the urinary tract as well as neurogenic underlying pathology can results in LUTS. Comorbidities and long-term consequences of the LUTD for the female patients as well as genetic issues are also briefly discussed. THE ROLE OF THE BLADDER NECK: Thanks to urodynamics, we have learnt a lot about the lower urinary tract function, but the role of the bladder neck in the pathophysiology of LUTS in children is not clear...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443147/evaluation-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-review-of-the-literature-and-current-guidelines
#20
REVIEW
Shachar Moshe Aharony, Ornella Lam, Jacques Corcos
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a unique neurological disease with a broad spectrum of clinical presentations that are time- and disease course-related. MS plaque location (intracranial and/or spinal) is a key feature in the pathophysiology of disease-related lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). The prevalence of these symptoms in MS patients is very high, with nearly 90% of them experiencing some degree of voiding dysfunction and/or incontinence. LUTS rarely present as primary MS manifestations and usually appear 6-8 years after the initial diagnosis...
January 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
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