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L- carnitine weight loss

Antonio Costa, Carlos López, Marta Ximenis, Francisca Orvay, Carmen Rotger
Supramolecular hydrogels with tunable properties have innovative applications in biomedicine, catalysis and materials chemistry. Herein, we have designed minimalist low molecular weight hydrogelators based on squaramide and squaramic acid motifs. Our approach benefits from the high acidity of squaramic acids and the aromaticity of squaramides. Moreover, the substituents on the aryl ring tune the π density of the aryl-squaramide motif. Thus, we successfully prepared materials featuring distinct thermal and mechanical properties...
April 4, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Isabel Costa, Marcelo D Mendonça, Vera Cruz E Silva, Sofia Calado, Miguel Viana-Baptista
BACKGROUND: Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is a clinico-radiologic syndrome characterized by thunderclap headache and reversible multifocal arterial constrictions that resolves within 3 months. RCVS can be either spontaneous or related to a trigger; vasoactive drugs including over-the-counter medicine are common culprits. Nevertheless, there are sparse data on the association of herbal supplements in the genesis of unexplained RCVS. METHODS: We describe a case of RCVS with a temporal association with the consumption of a diet pill composed of green tea, L-carnitine, and conjugated linoleic acid...
March 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Angela Romano, Michele Grassia, Giuseppe Esposito, Marianna Petrillo, Modestino Pezzella, Francesco Maria Romano, Francesco Esposito, Francesco Torelli, Natale Di Martino
INTRODUCTION: Focal Nodular Hyperplasia (FNH) is the second most common benign tumor of the liver. Clinically FNH is asymptomatic and discovered incidentally . The pathogenesis is unclear; FNH is usually asymptomatic. When the tumor is large, it may be painful. Surgery is recommended only in the case of complications such as compression of adjacent organs, lesion progression with tumor size >5cm and presence of symptoms. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 30 years old man, was evaluated during a routine visit, for diffuse abdominal pain and weight loss; Abdominal ultrasound showed no evidence of biliary obstruction but the US shows a hypoechoic, well defined focal lesion in the left liver...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Mochamat, Henning Cuhls, Milka Marinova, Stein Kaasa, Christiane Stieber, Rupert Conrad, Lukas Radbruch, Martin Mücke
We provide a systematic review to support the European Palliative Care Research Collaboration development of clinical guidelines for cancer patients suffering from cachexia. CENTRAL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO,, and a selection of cancer journals have been searched up until 15 April 2016. The systematic literature research yielded 4214 publications with 21 of these included in the final evaluation. Regarding minerals, our search identified only one study examining the use of magnesium with no effect on weight loss...
February 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
Gulistan Sanem Saribas, Deniz Erdogan, Guleser Goktas, Seda Nur Akyol, Ibrahim Murat Hirfanoglu, Seren Gulsen Gurgen, Neslihan Coskun, Candan Ozogul
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of cisplatin and the protective role of acetyl l-carnitine against uterine tube toxicity. Twenty-four female Wistar albino rats were divided into four groups: control group was injected with saline (control); group 2 was injected with acetyl l-carnitine; group 3 was injected with cisplatin; and group 4 was pre-treated with acetyl l-carnitine before cisplatin intraperitoneal injection. According to our results, a significant weight loss was observed in rats from group 3...
November 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Geraldine Goodison, Kathie Overeem, Veronica de Monte, Dan Siskind
OBJECTIVE: Complementary medicines are readily available and becoming increasingly popular. Acetyl-l-carnitine (ALC) is widely recognised as a safe dietary supplement to aid weight loss. We present the case of a patient who had a relapse of mania in the context of ALC use for weight loss over a two week period, on the background of bipolar I disorder previously in remission. The patient's symptoms resolved a few days after ALC was ceased. CONCLUSIONS: Given the high rates of obesity among people with mental illness, it is possible ALC may be utilised in the hope of aiding weight loss...
February 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Simone Gärtner, Janine Krüger, Ali A Aghdassi, Antje Steveling, Peter Simon, Markus M Lerch, Julia Mayerle
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related mortality in both genders. More than 80% of patients suffer from significant weight loss at diagnosis and over time develop severe cachexia. Early nutritional support is therefore essential. SUMMARY: This review evaluates the different nutritional therapies, such as enteral nutrition, parenteral nutrition and special nutritional supplements, on nutritional status, quality of life and survival...
May 2016: Gastrointestinal Tumors
M Pooyandjoo, M Nouhi, S Shab-Bidar, K Djafarian, A Olyaeemanesh
This study provides a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials, which have examined the effect of the carnitine on adult weight loss. Relevant studies were identified by systematic search of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and reference lists of relevant marker studies. Nine studies (total n = 911) of adequate methodological quality were included in the review. Trials with mean difference (MD) of 95% confidence interval (CI) were pooled using random effect model...
October 2016: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Weiya Z Wysham, Dario R Roque, Jianjun Han, Lu Zhang, Hui Guo, Paola A Gehrig, Chunxiao Zhou, Victoria L Bae-Jump
OBJECTIVE: Fatty acid synthase (FAS) is a key lipogenic enzyme that is highly expressed in endometrial cancer. Orlistat is a weight loss medication that has been shown to be a potent inhibitor of FAS. The goal of this study was to evaluate the anti-tumorigenic potential of orlistat in endometrial cancer cell lines. METHODS: The endometrial cancer cell lines ECC-1 and KLE were used. Cell proliferation was assessed by MTT assay after treatment with orlistat. Cell cycle progression was evaluated by Cellometer and apoptosis was assessed using the Annexin V assay...
December 2016: Targeted Oncology
K Doudney, J A Harley, J F Pearson, A Miller, A Aitchison, M A Kennedy, R J Porter, J L Elmslie, P R Joyce
BACKGROUND: The protein product of INSIG2 is involved in cholesterol and triglyceride metabolism and homeostasis. Variation at rs7566605 near the gene INSIG2 has been associated with increased BMI. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of rs7566605/INSIG2 genotype on the ability of valproate-treated bipolar patients (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) to lose weight using carnitine supplementation during a 26-week lifestyle intervention study. DESIGN: Forty-eight bipolar patients with clinically significant treatment emergent weight gain were genotyped at the rs7566605 SNP...
June 2009: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
Hyun Jung Lee, Dinesh D Jayasena, Sun Hyo Kim, Hyun Joo Kim, Kang Nyung Heo, Ji Eun Song, Cheorun Jo
The aim of this research was to compare the bioactive compound content and quality traits of breast meat from male and female Korean native ducks (KND) and commercial ducks (CD, Cherry Valley). Meat from three 6-wk old birds of each sex from KND and CD were evaluated for carcass and breast weights, pH, color, cooking loss, shear force, and bioactive compound (creatine, carnosine, anserine, betaine, and L-carnitine) content. KND showed significantly higher carcass weights than CD whereas no such difference (p>0...
2015: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Mansooreh Samimi, Mehri Jamilian, Faraneh Afshar Ebrahimi, Maryam Rahimi, Banafsheh Tajbakhsh, Zatollah Asemi
OBJECTIVE: Limited data are available for evaluating the effects of oral carnitine supplementation on weight loss and metabolic profiles of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This study was designed to determine the effects of oral carnitine supplementation on weight loss, and glycaemic and lipid profiles in women with PCOS. DESIGN, PATIENTS AND MEASUREMENTS: In a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 60 overweight patients diagnosed with PCOS were randomized to receive either 250 mg carnitine supplements (n = 30) or placebo (n = 30) for 12 weeks...
June 2016: Clinical Endocrinology
Mehmet Yüncü, Nezahat Bükücü, Nuray Bayat, Leman Sencar, Mehmet Tarakçioğlu
BACKGROUND/AIM: Methotrexate (MTX), used commonly as an antimetabolite drug in cancer therapy, leads to acute toxic side effects in tissues or organs containing rapidly dividing cells, such as bone marrow, gastrointestinal mucosa, and seminiferous tubules. In this study, we investigated the protective effects of vitamin E and L-carnitine against MTX-induced injury in rat testis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats were divided into 4 groups, including the control group...
2015: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Amanda M Floerchinger, Matthew I Jackson, Dennis E Jewell, Jennifer M MacLeay, Inke Paetau-Robinson, Kevin A Hahn
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of feeding a food with coconut oil and supplemental L-carnitine, lipoic acid, lysine, leucine, and fiber on weight loss and maintenance in dogs. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: 50 overweight dogs. PROCEDURES: The study consisted of 2 trials. During trial 1, 30 dogs were allocated to 3 groups (10 dogs/group) to be fed a dry maintenance dog food to maintain body weight (group 1) or a dry test food at the same amount on a mass (group 2) or energy (group 3) basis as group 1...
August 15, 2015: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Amanda M Floerchinger, Matthew I Jackson, Dennis E Jewell, Jennifer M MacLeay, Kevin A Hahn, Inke Paetau-Robinson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of feeding a food with coconut oil and supplemental L-carnitine, lysine, leucine, and fiber on weight loss and maintenance in cats. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: 50 overweight cats. PROCEDURES: The study consisted of 2 trials. During trial 1, 30 cats were allocated to 3 groups (10 cats/group) to be fed a dry maintenance cat food to maintain body weight (group 1) or a dry test food at the same amount on a mass (group 2) or energy (group 3) basis as group 1...
August 15, 2015: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Antonio Macciò, Giulia Gramignano, Clelia Madeddu
OBJECTIVES: Myelofibrosis (MF) is characterized by shortened survival and a greatly compromised quality of life. Weight loss and cachexia seem to be the most important factors influencing survival in patients with MF. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of an integrated supportive therapy in improving cachexia and MF-related symptoms. METHODS: We reported on a case of a patient with MF who presented with weight loss and cachexia associated with severe anemia, fatigue, fever, and bone pain...
January 2015: Nutrition
Jun-jie Zhang, Zhi-bing Wu, You-jin Cai, Bin Ke, Ying-juan Huang, Chao-ping Qiu, Yu-bing Yang, Lan-ying Shi, Jian Qin
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to determine that whether L-carnitine infusion could ameliorate fasting-induced adverse effects and improve outcomes. METHOD: In this 7-day, randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled, pilot study, 15 metabolic syndrome (MetS) patients (11/4 F/M; age 46.9 ± 9.14 years; body mass index [BMI] 28.2 ± 1.8 kg/m2) were in the L-carnitine group (LC) and 15 (10/5 F/M; age 46.8 ± 10.9 years; BMI 27.1 ± 2.3 kg/m2) were in the control group (CT)...
November 26, 2014: Nutrition Journal
Zhuyun Li, Cory M Dungan, Bradley Carrier, Todd C Rideout, David L Williamson
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway is hyperactive in liver, adipose and skeletal muscle tissues of obese rodents. Alpha-lipoic acid (αLA) has been well accepted as a weight-loss treatment, though there are limited studies on its effect on mTOR signaling in high-fat fed, obese rodents. Therefore, the goal of this study was to determine mTOR signaling and oxidative protein alterations in skeletal muscle of high-fat fed, obese rats after αLA supplementation. Phosphorylation of the mTOR substrate, eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF) 4E-binding protein 1 (4E-BP1) and eIF4B were significantly reduced (p < 0...
December 2014: Lipids
Mohamad Hosein Somi, Ebrahim Fatahi, Jafar Panahi, Mohamad Reza Havasian, Arezo Judaki
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) consists of a range of complication. The disease describes clinical , para clinical and pathological conditions from simple steatosis in non-alcoholic steato hepatitis (NASH) to fibrosis, cirrhosis and hepato cellular carcinoma. Therefore, it is of interest to evaluate the grade of fatty liver and Liver Function Test in NAFLD patients. We collected samples and data from 80 patients referred to gastrointestinal clinic of Emam Reza hospital with sonography diagnosed NAFLD and were evaluated in two groups in a randomized clinical trial...
2014: Bioinformation
Mi-Young Park, Mi-Kyung Sung
BACKGROUND: Carnosic acid (CA), a major bioactive component of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) leaves, is known to possess antioxidant and anti-adipogenic activities. In this study it was hypothesized that CA would ameliorate obesity-induced glucose intolerence and hepatic fat accumulation, and possible mechanisms are suggested. RESULTS: It was observed that a 0.02% (w/w) CA diet effectively decreased body weight, liver weight and blood triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol levels (P < 0...
March 15, 2015: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
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