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Shuguang Li, Shijun Sun, Chentao Yang, Hongbin Chen, Yuyao Yin, Henan Li, Chunjiang Zhao, Hui Wang
To investigate the epidemiology and genetic structure of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia in China, a total of 416 isolates from 22 teaching hospitals in 12 cities from 2013 and 2016 were characterized by antibiogram analysis, multilocus sequence typing (MLST), spa typing and staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCC mec ) typing. The predominant meticillin-susceptible (MSSA) genotypes in 2013 were ST188 (19.1%), ST7 (8.7%), and ST398 (7.8%), respectively, and they continued to be the main genotypes in 2016...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Katarzyna Garbacz, Lidia Piechowicz, Magdalena Podkowik, Aneta Mroczkowska, Joanna Empel, Jacek Bania
Background: The aim of this study was to assess the relatedness of molecular types of Staphylococcus aureus isolates colonizing cystic fibrosis (CF) patients with their antimicrobial resistance and prevalence of toxin genes. Methods: A total of 215 isolates from the airways of 107 patients with CF were tested for spa and SCC mec type, antimicrobial resistance and carriage of toxin genes. Results: t015, t084, t091, t700 and t002 were the largest group (approximately 25%) among all 69 identified spa types...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
Hülya Kaya, Henrik Hasman, Jesper Larsen, Marc Stegger, Thor Bech Johannesen, Rosa Lundbye Allesøe, Camilla Koldbæk Lemvigh, Frank Møller Aarestrup, Ole Lund, Anders Rhod Larsen
Typing of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is important in infection control and surveillance. The current nomenclature of MRSA includes the genetic background of the S. aureus strain determined by multilocus sequence typing (MLST) or equivalent methods like spa typing and typing of the mobile genetic element staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCC mec ), which carries the mecA or mecC gene. Whereas MLST and spa typing are relatively simple, typing of SCC mec is less trivial because of its heterogeneity...
January 2018: MSphere
Zulfiqar Ali Mirani, Muhammad Naseem Khan, Anila Siddiqui, Fouzia Khan, Mubashir Aziz, Shagufta Naz, Ayaz Ahmed, Seema Ismat Khan
Objectives: Staphylococcus aureus is a Gram-positive pathogen, well known for its resistance and versatile lifestyle. Under unfavourable conditions, it adapts biofilm mode of growth. For staphylococcal biofilm formation, production of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) is a pre-requisite, which is regulated by ica operon-encoded enzymes. This study was designed to know the impact of ascorbic acid on biofilm formation and colony spreading processes of S. aureus and MRSA. Materials and Methods: The isolates of methicillin-resistant S...
February 2018: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Shunsuke Takadama, Hidemasa Nakaminami, Asami Sato, Manami Shoshi, Takeshi Fujii, Norihisa Noguchi
OBJECTIVE: Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) gene (lukS/F-PV)-positive community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA), particularly the USA300 clone, is a health concern worldwide. Recently, CA-MRSA clones have been found to spread and persist in hospital settings. In this study, we aimed to investigate the prevalence and molecular epidemiological features of lukS/F-PV-positive MRSA in Japanese hospitals. METHODS: A total of 3,433 MRSA isolated from nine hospitals in 2011-2015 were used...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Abiola C Senok, Ali M Somily, Peter Slickers, Muhabat A Raji, Ghada Garaween, Atef Shibl, Stefan Monecke, Ralf Ehricht
PURPOSE: Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus CC15 strains (CC15-MRSA) have only been sporadically described in literature. This study was carried out to describe the genetic make-up for this rare MRSA strain. METHODS: Four CC15-MRSA isolates collected in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between 2013 and 2014 were studied. Two isolates were from clinical infection and 2 from retail meat products. Whole genome sequencing was carried out using Illumina HiSeq2500 genome analyzer...
2017: Infection and Drug Resistance
E Ugolotti, E Di Marco, R Bandettini, R Biassoni
INTRODUCTION: Twelve strains of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated during a suspected outbreak in a paediatric intensive care unit were analysed by whole-genome sequencing (WGS). AIM: To define the clonality of MRSA strains to a high discriminative power, and to evaluate the presence of genetic determinants responsible for antibiotic resistance and virulence. RESULTS: Ten out of 12 strains belonged to multi-locus sequence type ST2625, while the other two strains were ST8...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
Hidemasa Nakaminami, Ayumu Ito, Daisuke Sakanashi, Hiroyuki Suematsu, Yuka Yamagishi, Hiroshige Mikamo, Norihisa Noguchi
Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) is pathogenic to healthy individuals and a significant issue throughout the world. Panton-Valentine leukocidin gene (pvl)-positive sequence type (ST) 8-staphylococcal cassette chromosome (SCC) mec type IV (ST8-IV) as represented by the USA300 clone, is the most prevalent CA-MRSA in many countries. However, the prevalence of pvl-positive CA-MRSA was limited in Japan. Here, we report the incidence of pvl-positive community-onset MRSA (CO-MRSA) isolated from 10 patients seen between 2009 and 2014 at a Japanese university hospital...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Shunsuke Takadama, Hidemasa Nakaminami, Sae Aoki, Megumi Akashi, Takeaki Wajima, Masami Ikeda, Atsushi Mochida, Fumiko Shimoe, Kumiko Kimura, Yasushi Matsuzaki, Daisuke Sawamura, Yoichi Inaba, Tomohiro Oishi, Osamu Nemoto, Naoko Baba, Norihisa Noguchi
The prevalence of Panton-Valentine leukocidin gene (pvl)-positive community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus USA300 clone, which is designated as the ST8-staphylococcal cassette chromosome (SCC) mec type IV (ST8-IV) lineage, is a major public health concern worldwide. Thus, to elucidate the prevalence and characteristics of pvl-positive community-onset MRSA in Japan, we conducted a molecular epidemiological analysis for 854 S. aureus isolates obtained from outpatients with skin infections during 2013 and 2014...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
François Guérin, Marguerite Fines-Guyon, Pierrick Meignen, Géraldine Delente, Caroline Fondrinier, Nancy Bourdon, Vincent Cattoir, Albertine Léon
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated in horse infections is not well documented, especially in France. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of MRSA isolates in horse infections from 2007 to 2013 in France and to characterize phenotypically and genotypically this collection. RESULTS: Out of 1393 S. aureus horse isolates, 85 (6.1%) were confirmed to be MRSA. Interestingly, the prevalence of MRSA significantly increased from 2007-2009 to 2010-2013 (0...
May 3, 2017: BMC Microbiology
Jesper Larsen, Paal S Andersen, Volker Winstel, Andreas Peschel
Background: CoNS species are likely reservoirs of the staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCC mec ) in Staphylococcus aureus . S . aureus CC395 is unique as it is capable of exchanging DNA with CoNS via bacteriophages, which are also known to mediate transfer of SCC mec . Objectives: To analyse the structure and putative origin of the SCC mec element in S . aureus CC395. Methods: The only MRSA CC395 strain described in the literature, JS395, was subjected to WGS, and its SCC mec element was compared with those found in CoNS species and other S...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Isabelle Bleiziffer, Julian Eikmeier, Gottfried Pohlentz, Kathryn McAulay, Guoqing Xia, Muzaffar Hussain, Andreas Peschel, Simon Foster, Georg Peters, Christine Heilmann
Most bacterial glycoproteins identified to date are virulence factors of pathogenic bacteria, i.e. adhesins and invasins. However, the impact of protein glycosylation on the major human pathogen Staphylococcus aureus remains incompletely understood. To study protein glycosylation in staphylococci, we analyzed lysostaphin lysates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains by SDS-PAGE and subsequent periodic acid-Schiff's staining. We detected four (>300, ∼250, ∼165, and ∼120 kDa) and two (>300 and ∼175 kDa) glycosylated surface proteins with strain COL and strain 1061, respectively...
January 2017: PLoS Pathogens
Jialing Lin, Ping Xu, Yang Peng, Dongxin Lin, Qianting Ou, Ting Zhang, Chan Bai, Xiaohua Ye, Junli Zhou, Zhenjiang Yao
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Evidence suggests that diabetes might cause an increase in colonization of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in community settings. We carried out a cross-sectional study to determine the prevalence and influencing factors of S. aureus and MRSA nasal colonization among a community-based diabetes population, and to identify the characteristics of the isolated strains. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 956 participants from 11 community settings were included in the study...
May 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
Velma Rebic, Ana Budimir, Mufida Aljicevic, Sabaheta Bektas, Sabina Mahmutovic Vranic, Damir Rebic
BACKGROUND: Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is responsible for a wide spectrum of nosocomial and community associated infections worldwide. The aim of this study was to analyze MRSA strains from the general population in Canton Sarajevo, B&H. METHODS: Our investigation including either phenotypic and genotypic markers such as antimicrobial resistance, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), SCC typing, and Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) detection...
July 16, 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
Stefan Monecke, Lutz Jatzwauk, Elke Müller, Hedda Nitschke, Katharina Pfohl, Peter Slickers, Annett Reissig, Antje Ruppelt-Lorz, Ralf Ehricht
SCCmec elements are very important mobile genetic elements in Staphylococci that carry beta-lactam resistance genes mecA/mecC, recombinase genes and a variety of accessory genes. Twelve main types and a couple of variants have yet been described. In addition, there are also other SCC elements harbouring other markers. In order to subtype strains of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) based on variations within their SCCmec elements, 86 markers were selected from published SCC sequences for an assay based on multiplexed primer extension reactions followed by hybridisation to the specific probes...
2016: PloS One
H S Tunsjø, S Kalyanasundaram, M M Worren, T M Leegaard, A E F Moen
Rapid nucleic acid amplification tests for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) diagnostics commonly target the mec resistance gene, genes specific for S. aureus, and the integration site for the SCCmec resistance cassette, orfX. Due to poor specificity when these target genes are used individually, additional culture is required to verify positive results. The combination of these targets is useful, but the optimal algorithm may depend on the presence of the genetic markers in S. aureus isolates, as well as the prevalence of MRSA in a population...
January 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Ignacio Mir-Sanchis, Christina A Roman, Agnieszka Misiura, Ying Z Pigli, Susan Boyle-Vavra, Phoebe A Rice
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a public-health threat worldwide. Although the mobile genomic island responsible for this phenotype, staphylococcal cassette chromosome (SCC), has been thought to be nonreplicative, we predicted DNA-replication-related functions for some of the conserved proteins encoded by SCC. We show that one of these, Cch, is homologous to the self-loading initiator helicases of an unrelated family of genomic islands, that it is an active 3'-to-5' helicase and that the adjacent ORF encodes a single-stranded DNA-binding protein...
October 2016: Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
L K Wilson, G W Coombs, K Christiansen, W B Grubb, F G O'Brien
BACKGROUND: In Western Australia (WA), clonal complex 5, ST835, community-associated (CA) MRSA is isolated almost exclusively from aged care facilities. In WA four different staphylococcal cassette chromosome (SCC) mec (SCCmec) elements have been identified in this ST, indicating high genetic activity in the SCCmec region. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the SCC region of ST835 CA-MRSA WA MRSA-40 and determine the distribution of an SCCsorbitol element found within the region...
December 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
S Rajkhowa, D K Sarma, S R Pegu
Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most important pathogens of both humans and animal. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an important human pathogen that causes serious infections both in hospitals and communities due to its multidrug resistance tendency. This study was undertaken to characterize the MRSA isolates from pigs and to determine the antimicrobial resistance of these isolates. Forty nine MRSA strains (one strain per positive pig) isolated from pigs of Northeast India were characterized by SCCmec typing and antimicrobial resistance...
December 2016: Veterinary Research Communications
Norhidayah Mat Azis, Hui P Pung, Abdul R Abdul Rachman, Syafinaz Amin Nordin, Seri N E Sarchio, Zarizal Suhaili, Mohd N Mohd Desa
The aim of the present study was to assess and compare the antimicrobial susceptibility pattern against a panel of antibiotics and molecular and methicillin resistance-associated genotypes of 120 carriage S. aureus isolates previously isolated from a student population at two isolation events within a one-month interval. The antibiotic susceptibility of isolates was determined using the Kirby-Bauer disc-diffusion method (cefoxitin by Etest). The MRSA was screened using polymerase chain reaction for the presence of the mecA gene...
March 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
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