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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149746/habitat-mosaics-and-path-analysis-can-improve-biological-conservation-of-aquatic-biodiversity-in-ecosystems-with-low-head-dams
#1
Sean M Hitchman, Martha E Mather, Joseph M Smith, Jane S Fencl
Conserving native biodiversity depends on restoring functional habitats in the face of human-induced disturbances. Low-head dams are a ubiquitous human impact that degrades aquatic ecosystems worldwide. To improve our understanding of how low-head dams impact habitat and associated biodiversity, our research examined complex interactions among three spheres of the total environment. i.e., how low-head dams (anthroposphere) affect aquatic habitat (hydrosphere), and native biodiversity (biosphere) in streams and rivers...
November 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149686/preliminary-application-of-structure-from-motion-and-gis-to-document-decomposition-and-taphonomic-processes
#2
Connor D Carlton, Samantha Mitchell, Patrick Lewis
Over the past decade, Structure from Motion (SfM) has increasingly been used as a means of digital preservation and for documenting archaeological excavations, architecture, and cultural material. However, few studies have tapped the potential of using SfM to document and analyze taphonomic processes affecting burials for forensic sciences purposes. This project utilizes SfM models to elucidate specific post-depositional events that affected a series of three human cadavers deposited at the South East Texas Applied Forensic Science Facility (STAFS)...
November 2, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149651/anthropometric-measurements-in-iranian-men
#3
Jaber Gharehdaghi, Maryam Baazm, Masoud Ghadipasha, Sadra Solhi, Farhoud Toutounchian
There is inevitable need for data regarding anthropometric measurements of each community's population. These anthropometric data have various applications, including health assessment, industrial designing, plastic & orthopedic surgery, nutritional studies, anatomical studies and forensic medicine investigations. Anthropometric parameters vary from race to race throughout the world, hence providing an anthropometric profile model of residents of different geographic regions seems to be necessary. To our knowledge, there is no report of bone parameters of the Iranian population...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149483/factors-influencing-the-quality-of-vital-signs-data-in-electronic-health-records-a-qualitative-study
#4
Jean E Stevenson, Johan Israelsson, Goran Petersson, Peter A Bath
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate reasons for inadequate documentation of vital signs in an electronic health record. BACKGROUND: Monitoring vital signs is crucial to detecting and responding to patient deterioration. The ways in which vital signs are documented in electronic health records have received limited attention in the research literature. A previous study revealed that vital signs in an electronic health record were incomplete and inconsistent...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149460/the-impact-of-a-prolonged-stay-in-the-icu-on-patients-fundamental-care-needs
#5
Claire Minton, Lesley Batten, Annette Huntington
AIM: To explore patients', families', and health professionals' experiences of a long-stay patient in an intensive care unit. BACKGROUND: The fast-paced technologically driven intensive care unit environment, designed for a short patient stay, supports the provision of complex physiologically-focused care for those with life-threatening illnesses. Long stay patients with pronounced fundamental care needs fall outside predicted patient pathways, and nurses can find caring for these patients challenging...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149459/the-economic-impact-of-nursing
#6
EDITORIAL
Sharon M Brownie
Economics includes 'the condition of a region or group as regards material prosperity' (Oxford Dictionaries, 2017). The links between material prosperity versus poverty, health status and quality of life are well documented as are the devastating impacts of population disparities on the aforementioned indicators (Association of State and Territorial Health Officials, 2012). Poor health affects the ability of people to work, generate income and care for their families- a widely understood conundrum. In short, economic position impacts health status and health status impacts economic prosperity...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149456/effect-of-a-thermal-care-bundle-on-the-prevention-detection-and-treatment-of-perioperative-inadvertent-hypothermia
#7
Jed Duff, Kim Walker, Karen-Leigh Edward, Nicholas Ralph, Jo-Ann Giandinoto, Kimberley Alexander, Jeffrey Gow, John Stephenson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To improve the prevention, detection, and treatment of perioperative inadvertent hypothermia (PIH) in adult surgical patients by implementing a Thermal Care Bundle. BACKGROUND: Keeping patients normothermic perioperatively prevents adverse surgical outcomes. Hypothermia leads to serious complications including increased risk of surgical bleeding, surgical site infections, and morbid cardiac events. The Thermal Care Bundle consists of three elements: 1) assess risk; 2) record temperature; and (3) actively warm...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149453/melatonin-and-serotonin-mediators-in-the-symphony-of-plant-morphogenesis
#8
Lauren A E Erland, Mukund R Shukla, Amritpal S Singh, Susan J Murch, Praveen K Saxena
Melatonin and serotonin are important signaling and stress mitigating molecules that play important roles across growth and development in plants. Despite many well-documented responses, a systematic investigation of the entire metabolic pathway (tryptophan, tryptamine and N-acetylserotonin) does not exist, leaving many open questions. The objective of this study was to determine the responses of Hypericum perforatum (L.) to melatonin, serotonin and their metabolic precursors. Two well characterized germplasm lines (#4 and 112) created by mutation and a haploid breeding program were compared to wildtype to identify specific responses...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Pineal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149443/migration-of-interneuron-precursors-in-the-nascent-cerebellar-cortex
#9
Annika K Wefers, Christian Haberlandt, Lachezar Surchev, Christian Steinhäuser, Ronald Jabs, Karl Schilling
The cerebellum arguably constitutes one of the best characterized central nervous circuits, and its structure, cellular function, and histogenesis have been described in exceptional quantitative detail. A notable exception to this is the development of its inhibitory interneurons, and in particular the extensive migrations of future basket and stellate cells. Here, we used acute slices from 8-day-old mice to assess the migration of Pax2-EGFP-tagged precursors of these cells en route to the molecular layer during their transit through the nascent cerebellar cortex...
November 17, 2017: Cerebellum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149357/recommendations-for-mechanical-thrombectomy-in-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke-a%C3%A2-clinical-guide-by-the-hellenic-stroke-organization
#10
REVIEW
Panagiotis Papanagiotou, George Ntaios, Vasileios Papavasileiou, Klearchos Psychogios, Marios Psychogios, Anastasios Mpotsaris, Timolaos Rizos, Konstantinos Spengos, Miltiadis Gravanis, Sofia Vassilopoulou, Christos Gkogkas, Petros Zampakis, Panagiotis Zis, Apostolos Karantanas, Michail Karygiannis, Georgios Karydas, Eleni Korompoki, Konstantinos Makaritsis, Konstantinos Marmagkiolis, Haralambos Milionis, Dimos Mitsikostas, Dimitrios Nikas, Androniki Plomaritoglou, Maria Politi, Nikolaos Ptochis, Christos Savopoulos, Konstantinos Takis, Nikolaos Tsamopoulos, Dimitrios Tsetis, Adam Hatzidakis, Achilleas Chatziioannou, Apostolos Hatzitolios, Konstantinos Vemmos
This document presents the consensus recommendations of the Hellenic Stroke Organization which can be of assistance to the treating stroke physicians.
November 17, 2017: Clinical Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149345/predictive-indicators-to-identify-high-risk-paediatric-febrile-neutropenia-in-paediatric-oncology-patients-in-a-middle-income-country
#11
Lindy-Lee Green, Pierre Goussard, Anel van Zyl, Martin Kidd, Mariana Kruger
Purpose: To validate a clinical risk prediction score (Ammann score) to predict adverse events (AEs) in paediatric febrile neutropenia (FN). Patients and methods: Patients <16 years of age were enrolled. A risk prediction score (based on haemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dl, white cell count (WCC) < 0.3 G/l, platelet count <50 G/l and chemotherapy more intensive than acute lymphoblastic leukaemia maintenance therapy) was calculated and AEs were documented. Results: In total, 100 FN episodes occurred in 52 patients, male:female ratio was 1...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149335/liberty-in-health-care-a-comparative-study-between-hong-kong-and-mainland-china
#12
Jingxian Wu, Ying Mao
This essay contends that individual liberty, understood as the permissibility of making choices about one's own health care in support of one's own good and the good of one's family utilizing private resources, is central to the moral foundations of a health care system. Such individual freedoms are important not only because they often support more efficient and effective health care services, but because they permit individuals to fulfill important moral duties. A comparative study of the health care systems in Hong Kong and mainland China is utilized to illustrate the conceptual and moral concerns at stake...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149332/kidney-sales-and-market-regulation-a-reply-to-semrau
#13
Julian J Koplin
Luke Semrau argues that the documented harms of existing organ markets do not undermine the case for establishing regulated systems of paid kidney donation. He offers two arguments in support of this conclusion. First, Semrau argues that the harms of kidney selling are straightforwardly amenable to regulatory solution. Second, Semrau argues that even in existing black markets, sellers would likely have experienced greater harm if the option of selling a kidney were not available. This commentary challenges both of Semrau's claims...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149314/how-the-introduction-of-a-human-resources-information-system-helped-the-democratic-republic-of-congo-to-mobilise-domestic-resources-for-an-improved-health-workforce
#14
Jean-Robert Likofata Esanga, Claire Viadro, Leah McManus, Jennifer Wesson, Nicaise Matoko, Epiphane Ngumbu, Kate E Gilroy, Daren Trudeau
The Democratic Republic of Congo has flagged health workforce management and compensation as issues requiring attention, including the problem of ghost workers (individuals on payroll who do not exist and/or show up at work). Recognising the need for reliable health workforce information, the government has worked to implement iHRIS, an open source human resources information system that facilitates health workforce management. In Kasaï Central and Kasaï Provinces, health workers brought relevant documentation to data collection points, where trained teams interviewed them and entered contact information, identification, photo, current job, and employment and education history into iHRIS on laptops...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149254/invited-commentary-gestational-hypertension-and-diabetes-a-major-public-health-concern
#15
Lewis H Kuller, Janet Catov
The obesity epidemic in the United States and other countries has contributed to an increase in the rates of gestational diabetes and hypertension. In the past, it was thought that most cases of gestational diabetes and hypertension would resolve after completion of pregnancy. In this issue of the Journal, Pace et al. (Am J Epidemiol. 2017;186(10):1115-1124) clearly documented that both gestational diabetes and hypertension lead to diabetes and hypertension and that the combination of both during pregnancy leads to very high rates of subsequent diabetes and hypertension...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149191/resting-state-fmri-in-sleeping-infants-more-closely-resembles-adult-sleep-than-adult-wakefulness
#16
Anish Mitra, Abraham Z Snyder, Enzo Tagliazucchi, Helmut Laufs, Jed Elison, Robert W Emerson, Mark D Shen, Jason J Wolff, Kelly N Botteron, Stephen Dager, Annette M Estes, Alan Evans, Guido Gerig, Heather C Hazlett, Sarah J Paterson, Robert T Schultz, Martin A Styner, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Bradley L Schlaggar, Joseph Piven, John R Pruett, Marcus Raichle
Resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) in infants enables important studies of functional brain organization early in human development. However, rs-fMRI in infants has universally been obtained during sleep to reduce participant motion artifact, raising the question of whether differences in functional organization between awake adults and sleeping infants that are commonly attributed to development may instead derive, at least in part, from sleep. This question is especially important as rs-fMRI differences in adult wake vs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149131/genetics-and-genomics-an-oncology-nurse-s-journey-in-practice
#17
Suzanne M Mahon
BACKGROUND: Cancer genetics and genomics are now an integral component of oncology care. Genetics and genomics guide recommendations not only for cancer prevention and early detection, but also for cancer treatment. 
. OBJECTIVES: This article documents the personal experiences of an oncology nurse who has worked in cancer prevention and early detection since the 1990s and describes the many changes that have occurred in cancer-related genetic and genomic care during that time...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149111/-bilateral-bronchopneumonia-due-to-rothia-mucilaginosa
#18
B De Escalante Yangüela, A Gracia Gutiérrez, B C Gracia Tello, V A Alastrué Del Castaño, E Bueno Juana, S Algárate Cajo
Rothia mucilaginosa (R. mucilaginosa), formerly named Stomatococcus mucilaginosus, is a facultatively anaerobic, encapsulated gram-positive coccus, which forms part of the normal oropharyngeal and is rarely considered to be a pathogen in immunocompetent patients, although it can produce, on rare occasions, serious infections like bacteremia, endocarditis and respiratory infections; such as pneumonia, pleural empyema or superinfection of bronchiectasis. We present the case of a 74-year-old male diagnosed with right basal pneumonia of torpid evolution with a poor initial response to different antibiotics, with clinical and radiological worsening and the appearance of bilateral bronchopneumonia with pseudonodular images...
November 17, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149070/placement-stability-cumulative-time-in-care-and-permanency-using-administrative-data-from-cps-to-track-placement-trajectories
#19
Sonia Hélie, Marie-Andrée Poirier, Tonino Esposito, Daniel Turcotte
Objectives: The Quebec Youth Protection Act was amended in 2007. The main goal of this reform was to improve placement stability for children who are removed from their home for their protection. Among several legal provisions introduced was the establishment of maximum age-specific durations of out-of-home care, after which a plan must be established to provide stability for children placed in substitute care by finding permanent homes for them. The purpose of this study is (1) to examine trends in placement use and placement stability since the reform and (2) to document the current frequency of each type of placement setting, the cumulative time in care before the exit to permanency, and the sustainability of the permanency outcome...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148885/self-clearance-of-pestivirus-in-a-pyrenean-chamois-rupicapra-pyrenaica-population
#20
Emmanuelle Gilot-Fromont, Mathieu Garel, Philippe Gibert, Sébastien Lambert, Pierre Menaut, Brigitte Bonetti, Yvette Game, Gaël Reynaud, Kévin Foulché
Understanding the dynamics of host-pathogen interaction is key to the management of epidemics. A pestivirus belonging to the border disease virus group 4 emerged around 2001 in Pyrenean chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica) in Spain and France. The virus had significant demographic impact in some populations, but it was less harmful and more endemic in other places. The determinants of these local variations are still unclear. Here, we documented empirical evidence of self-clearance of the virus in a chamois population in France...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
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