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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214452/calorie-counting-and-fitness-tracking-technology-associations-with-eating-disorder-symptomatology
#1
Courtney C Simpson, Suzanne E Mazzeo
The use of online calorie tracking applications and activity monitors is increasing exponentially. Anecdotal reports document the potential for these trackers to trigger, maintain, or exacerbate eating disorder symptomatology. Yet, research has not examined the relation between use of these devices and eating disorder-related attitudes and behaviors. This study explored associations between the use of calorie counting and fitness tracking devices and eating disorder symptomatology. Participants (N=493) were college students who reported their use of tracking technology and completed measures of eating disorder symptomatology...
February 9, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214374/a-systematic-review-of-known-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-non-hypovolaemic-hypotonic-hyponatraemia-and-a-meta-analysis-of-the-vaptans
#2
REVIEW
Sunil Bhandari, Alessandro Peri, Iain Cranston, Rachael McCool, Alison Shaw, Julie Glanville, Larisa Petrakova, Karl O'Reilly
International and national guidelines on the treatment of chronic non-hypovolaemic hypotonic hyponatraemia differ; therefore we have undertaken this systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the efficacy and safety of interventions for the treatment of chronic non-hypovolaemic hypotonic hyponatraemia. Following registration of the review protocol with PROSPERO, systematic literature searches were conducted to identify randomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials assessing any degree of fluid restriction or any drug treatment with the aim of increasing serum sodium concentration in patients with chronic non-hypovolaemic hypotonic hyponatraemia...
February 18, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214351/evidence-based-and-precision-medicine-two-of-a-kind
#3
W J Fokkens
In the last two decades, an enormous expansion of evidence has been produced in upper airway research. When writing the first EPOS document in 2005 only 5 RCT per year were performed in the area of CRS, in 2007 this changed to 25 per year and it became even higher in the recent years. Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) are the "gold standard" for evaluating treatment outcomes providing information on treatments "efficacy". To make life easier for clinicians, systematic reviews and meta-analysis further condense the available evidence...
February 18, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214312/update-treatment-of-necrobiosis-lipoidica
#4
REVIEW
Melanie Peckruhn, Jörg Tittelbach, Peter Elsner
Necrobiosis lipoidica (NL) is a rare granulomatous disease of hitherto unclear etiology frequently seen in patients with diabetes. Characterized by its potential for ulcerations, it often presents a serious burden for those affected. There are currently neither German nor European guidelines for the treatment of NL. At the same time, standard treatment with topical or intralesional corticosteroids does not always show satisfactory results. We therefore set out to evaluate whether the various treatment regimens published since 2000 have actually expanded the therapeutic armamentarium in a relevant manner...
February 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214229/-iso%C3%A2-9001%C3%A2-certification-of-innovation-and-clinical-research-departments-extending-the-scope-of-health-assessment
#5
C Sambou, S Guillemaut, M Morelle, A Achache, A-G Le Corroller, D Perol, L Perrier
BACKGROUND: The International organization for standardization (ISO) is the world leader in providing industrial and commercial standards and certifications. Beyond medical devices, four French clinical research and innovation departments have received an ISO 9001 certification (the standard for quality management). Simultaneously, medico-economic studies have become increasingly important in the public decision process. Using the clinical research and innovation department from the Léon-Bérard Cancer Center as an example, the purpose of this article is to show how the scope of the ISO 9001 certification has been extended to cover medico-economic studies...
February 14, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214213/the-relationship-between-brafv600e-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-tgab-expression-in-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#6
Wei Li, Hui Ming, Danyang Sun, Wei Li, Dan Wang, Guizhi Zhang, Jian Tan
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the potential link between thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) titers and papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) aggressiveness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 122 patients who had undergone total thyroidectomy and neck central area lymph dissection followed by radioactive iodine (RAI) ablation for PTC between July 2012 and July 2014. The parameters included clinical characteristics of PTC, TgAb levels and tumor histopathological characteristics...
January 12, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214210/pathologic-features-of-colorectal-carcinomas-associated-with-crohn-s-disease-in-korean-population
#7
Jiyoon Kim, Ho-Su Lee, Sang Hyoung Park, Suk-Kyun Yang, Byong Duk Ye, Dong-Hoon Yang, Kyung-Jo Kim, Jeong-Sik Byeon, Yong Sik Yoon, Chang Sik Yu, Jihun Kim
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) has been known to complicate Crohn's disease (CD). Several reports in Western population revealed that CRC in CD were characterized by much younger onset and equal distribution of tumors along the entire colon. However, clinicopathologic features of CD-associated CRC in Korean population have not been well documented yet. METHODS: Among 2968 Korean CD patients, 16 patients (0.54%) were found to develop CRC during follow up. We reviewed clinicopathologic features of the 16 CRC patients...
December 21, 2016: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214142/-a-case-of-rhinofacial-entomophthoromycosis-in-soudano-sahelian-tropical-climate-in-burkina-faso
#8
S Bamba, V Konsegré, A Zida, I Sangaré, M Cissé, R Beogo, B Diallo, J B Andonaba, R T Guiguemdé
We describe a rhinofacial entomophthoramycosis case in a sexagenarian (65 years old) housewife. She was immunocompetent and resident of Burkina Faso. She consulted both the service of dermatology and the service of stomatology of the Teaching Hospital of Bobo-Dioulasso in February 2016 for a diffuse facial tumefaction evolving over six months. This tumefaction was associated with headaches and a left nasal obstruction. Histological examination of the lesion showed an important and polymorphic inflammatory reaction...
February 14, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214115/warm-summers-and-moderate-winter-precipitation-boost-rhododendron-ferrugineum-l-growth-in-the-taillefer-massif-french-alps
#9
L Francon, C Corona, E Roussel, J Lopez Saez, M Stoffel
Rhododendron ferrugineum L. is a widespread dwarf shrub species growing in high-elevation, alpine environments of the Western European Alps. For this reason, analysis of its growth rings offers unique opportunities to push current dendrochronological networks into extreme environments and way beyond the treeline. Given that different species of the same genus have been successfully used in tree-ring investigations, notably in the Himalayas where Rhododendron spp. has proven to be a reliable climate proxy, this study aims at (i) evaluating the dendroclimatological potential of R...
February 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214038/maximising-synergy-among-tropical-plant-systematists-ecologists-and-evolutionary-biologists
#10
REVIEW
Timothy R Baker, R Toby Pennington, Kyle G Dexter, Paul V A Fine, Helen Fortune-Hopkins, Euridice N Honorio, Isau Huamantupa-Chuquimaco, Bente B Klitgård, Gwilym P Lewis, Haroldo C de Lima, Peter Ashton, Christopher Baraloto, Stuart Davies, Michael J Donoghue, Maria Kaye, W John Kress, Caroline E R Lehmann, Abel Monteagudo, Oliver L Phillips, Rodolfo Vasquez
Closer collaboration among ecologists, systematists, and evolutionary biologists working in tropical forests, centred on studies within long-term permanent plots, would be highly beneficial for their respective fields. With a key unifying theme of the importance of vouchered collection and precise identification of species, especially rare ones, we identify four priority areas where improving links between these communities could achieve significant progress in biodiversity and conservation science: (i) increasing the pace of species discovery; (ii) documenting species turnover across space and time; (iii) improving models of ecosystem change; and (iv) understanding the evolutionary assembly of communities and biomes...
February 14, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213940/estimating-mating-rates-in-wild-drosophila-melanogaster-females-by-decay-rates-of-male-reproductive-proteins-in-their-reproductive-tracts
#11
Thomas J Giardina, Andrew G Clark, Anthony C Fiumera
Female Drosophila melanogaster frequently mate with multiple males in nature as shown through parentage analysis. Although polyandry is well documented, we know little about the timing between mating events in wild Drosophila populations due to the challenge of following behaviors of individual females. In this study we used the presence of a male reproductive protein that is transferred to the female during mating (Sex Peptide, SP) to determine whether she had recently mated. We sampled females throughout the day, conducted control matings to determine the decay rate of SP within the female reproductive tract and performed computer simulations to fit the observed proportion of mated females to a non-homogenous Poisson process that defined the expected time between successive matings for a given female...
February 18, 2017: Molecular Ecology Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213865/location-of-vertebral-fractures-is-associated-with-bone-mineral-density-and-history-of-traumatic-injury
#12
Jennifer Watt, Richard Crilly
The upper and lower thoracolumbar spine have been associated with different biomechanical outcomes. This concept, as it applies to osteoporotic fracture risk, has not been well documented. This was a case-control study of 120 patients seen in an osteoporosis clinic. Vertebral fractures were identified from lateral radiographs using Genant's semi-quantitative assessment method. An association between bone mineral density (BMD) T-scores and vertebral fracture location was assessed. In an additional analysis, the association between a history of any traumatic injury and possible predictor variables was also explored...
February 17, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213860/epidemiology-of-stone-disease-across-the-world
#13
Igor Sorokin, Charalampos Mamoulakis, Katsuhito Miyazawa, Allen Rodgers, Jamsheer Talati, Yair Lotan
Nephrolithiasis is a highly prevalent disease worldwide with rates ranging from 7 to 13% in North America, 5-9% in Europe, and 1-5% in Asia. Due to high rates of new and recurrent stones, management of stones is expensive and the disease has a high level of acute and chronic morbidity. The goal of this study is to review the epidemiology of stone disease in order to improve patient care. A review of the literature was conducted through a search on Pubmed(®), Medline(®), and Google Scholar(®). This review was presented and peer-reviewed at the 3rd International Consultation on Stone Disease during the 2014 Société Internationale d'Urologie Congress in Glasgow...
February 17, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213850/gamma-hydroxybutyrate-ghb-content-in-hair-samples-correlates-negatively-with-age-in-succinic-semialdehyde-dehydrogenase-deficiency
#14
S S Johansen, X Wang, D Sejer Pedersen, P L Pearl, J-B Roullet, G R Ainslie, K R Vogel, K M Gibson
Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) is a drug of abuse, an approved therapeutic for narcolepsy, an agent employed for facilitation of sexual assault, as well as a biomarker of succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase deficiency (SSADHD). Our laboratory seeks to identify surrogate biomarkers in SSADHD that can shed light on the developmental course of this neurometabolic disease. Since GHB may be quantified in hair as a potential surrogate to identify victims of drug-related assault, we have opted to examine its level in SSADHD...
February 18, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213830/recognition-memory-for-low-and-high-frequency-filtered-emotional-faces-low-spatial-frequencies-drive-emotional-memory-enhancement-whereas-high-spatial-frequencies-drive-the-emotion-induced-recognition-bias
#15
Michaela Rohr, Johannes Tröger, Nils Michely, Alarith Uhde, Dirk Wentura
This article deals with two well-documented phenomena regarding emotional stimuli: emotional memory enhancement-that is, better long-term memory for emotional than for neutral stimuli-and the emotion-induced recognition bias-that is, a more liberal response criterion for emotional than for neutral stimuli. Studies on visual emotion perception and attention suggest that emotion-related processes can be modulated by means of spatial-frequency filtering of the presented emotional stimuli. Specifically, low spatial frequencies are assumed to play a primary role for the influence of emotion on attention and judgment...
February 17, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213805/an-overview-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-heterogeneity-and-treatment-options
#16
REVIEW
Anne Masi, Marilena M DeMayo, Nicholas Glozier, Adam J Guastella
Since the documented observations of Kanner in 1943, there has been great debate about the diagnoses, the sub-types, and the diagnostic threshold that relates to what is now known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Reflecting this complicated history, there has been continual refinement from DSM-III with 'Infantile Autism' to the current DSM-V diagnosis. The disorder is now widely accepted as a complex, pervasive, heterogeneous condition with multiple etiologies, sub-types, and developmental trajectories. Diagnosis remains based on observation of atypical behaviors, with criteria of persistent deficits in social communication and restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior...
February 17, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213787/the-influence-of-femoral-tunnel-length-on-graft-rupture-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#17
Luiz Gabriel Betoni Guglielmetti, Leandro Girardi Shimba, Leonardo Cantarelli do Santos, Fabrício Roberto Severino, Nilson Roberto Severino, Patrícia Maria de Moraes Barros Fucs, Ricardo de Paula Leite Cury
BACKGROUND: For ACL reconstruction, the minimum length of the femoral tunnel and the flexor tendon graft length needed within the tunnel for proper integration have not been defined. The aim of this study was to assess whether a short tunnel is a risk factor for poor prognosis and re-rupture by comparing the outcomes of patients with short femoral tunnels to those of patients with longer tunnels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective observational study of 80 patients who underwent ACL reconstruction using flexor tendons via the medial transportal or transtibial technique was performed...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213779/adenoid-bacterial-colonization-in-a-paediatric-population
#18
João Subtil, João Carlos Rodrigues, Lúcia Reis, Luís Freitas, Joana Filipe, Alberto Santos, Carlos Macor, Aida Duarte, Luisa Jordao
Adenoids play a key role in both respiratory and ear infection in children. It has also been shown that adenoidectomy improves these symptoms in this population. The main goal of the present study was to evaluate adenoid bacterial colonization and document a possible relation with infectious respiratory disease. A prospective observational study was designed to evaluate the proposed hypothesis in a paediatric population submitted to adenoidectomy by either infectious or non-infectious indications and compare these two cohorts...
February 18, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213732/the-potential-of-lactic-acid-bacteria-to-colonize-biotic-and-abiotic-surfaces-and-the-investigation-of-their-interactions-and-mechanisms
#19
REVIEW
Mattia Pia Arena, Vittorio Capozzi, Giuseppe Spano, Daniela Fiocco
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are a heterogeneous group of Gram-positive bacteria that comprise several species which have evolved in close association with humans (food and lifestyle). While their use to ferment food dates back to very ancient times, in the last decades, LAB have attracted much attention for their documented beneficial properties and for potential biomedical applications. Some LAB are commensal that colonize, stably or transiently, host mucosal surfaces, inlcuding the gut, where they may contribute to host health...
February 17, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213583/why-work-with-undergraduate-researchers-differences-in-research-advisors-motivations-and-outcomes-by-career-stage
#20
Charles N Hayward, Sandra L Laursen, Heather Thiry
Undergraduate research is often hailed as a solution to increasing the number and quality of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics graduates needed to fill the high-tech jobs of the future. Student benefits of research are well documented but the emerging literature on advisors' perspectives is incomplete: only a few studies have included the graduate students and postdocs who often serve as research advisors, and not much is known about why research advisors choose to work with undergraduate researchers...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
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