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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636618/de-novo-transcriptome-of-the-mayfly-cloeon-viridulum-and-transcriptional-signatures-of-prometabola
#1
Qin Si, Juan-Yan Luo, Ze Hu, Wei Zhang, Chang-Fa Zhou
Mayflies (Ephemeroptera) display many primitive characters and a unique type of metamorphosis (Prometabola). However, information on the genomes and transcriptomes of this insect group is limited. The RNA sequencing study presented here generated the first de novo transcriptome assembly of Cloeon viridulum (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae), and compared gene expression signatures among the young larva (YL), mature larva (ML), subimago (SI), and imago (IM) stages of this mayfly. The transcriptome, based on 88 Gb of sequence data, comprised a set of 81,185 high quality transcripts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635475/nursingstandard-com
#2
(no author information available yet)
1 Patients were wheeled to safety by nurses after a fire was allegedly started deliberately at Royal Stoke University Hospital. A man was arrested in connection with the incident. Read more: rcni.com/stoke-fire.
June 21, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633935/teacher-student-relationship-quality-and-academic-achievement-in-elementary-school-a-longitudinal-examination-of-gender-differences
#3
Daniel B Hajovsky, Benjamin A Mason, Luke A McCune
Multiple group longitudinal cross-lagged panel models were implemented to understand the directional influences between teacher-student closeness and conflict and measured math and reading achievement across elementary grades and gender groups using the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development longitudinal sample (N=1133). Specifically, after testing multiple group longitudinal measurement invariance to ensure consistent measurement across genders and time, and tests of equivalence of the latent parameters, we were interested in whether longitudinal changes in teacher-rated closeness and conflict explained longitudinal changes in achievement, and vice versa, and whether those longitudinal influences varied by gender...
August 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633460/guidelines-for-composing-and-assessing-a-paper-on-treatment-of-pain
#4
Nikolai Bogduk, David J Kennedy, Yakov Vorobeychik, Andrew Engel
Authors, readers, and editors share a common focus. Authors want to publish their work. Readers want to see high-quality, new information. Referees and editors serve to ensure that authors provide valid conclusions based on the quality of information that readers want. Common to each of these roles are instructions to authors. However, these are typically written in an uninspiring, legalistic style, as if they are a set of rules that authors must obey if they expect to get published. This renders the instructions boring and oppressive, if not forbidding...
June 17, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633326/the-association-between-subjective-memory-complaints-and-sleep-within-older-african-american-adults
#5
Alyssa A Gamaldo, Regina S Wright, Adrienne T Aiken-Morgan, Jason C Allaire, Roland J Thorpe, Keith E Whitfield
Objective: The purpose of the current study is to examine the association between subjective memory complaints and sleep (quantity and quality) in African American older adults. Method: Participants from the Baltimore Study of Black Aging (BSBA; n = 351; mean age = 71.99) completed a self-report sleep scale, subjective memory complaint scale, global cognitive status measure, and demographic questionnaire. Results: Worse overall sleep quality was significantly associated with subjective reports of difficulty recalling the placement of objects, recalling specific facts from reading materials, and worse memory currently compared to the past...
June 13, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632703/motivating-reading-compliance-adaptation-of-monte-carlo-quizzes-for-online-delivery
#6
Jo Azzarello, Judy Ogans, Victoria Robertson
Getting students to complete reading assignments is often a source of frustration for nurse educators. Monte Carlo Quizzes (MCQs) were adapted for online delivery in a hybrid nursing course to encourage timely completion and deep processing of readings. Students indicated that MCQs motivated them to complete the assigned readings and to read more carefully. However, there were no significant differences on scores for other course assignments between those who completed readings and those who did not.
June 19, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632427/speed-of-processing-and-executive-functions-in-adults-with-phenylketonuria-quick-in-finding-the-word-but-not-the-ladybird
#7
Cristina Romani, Anita MacDonald, Sara De Felice, Liana Palermo
A reduction in processing speed is widely reported in phenylketonuria (PKU), possibly due to white matter pathology. We investigated possible deficits and their relationships with executive functions in a sample of 37 early-treated adults with PKU (AwPKUs). AwPKUs were not characterized by a generalized speed deficit, but instead their performance could be explained by two more specific impairments: (a) a deficit in the allocation of visuo-spatial attention that reduced speed in visual search tasks, in some reading conditions and visuo-motor coordination tasks; and (b) a more conservative decision mechanism that slowed down returning an answer across domains...
June 20, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632008/a-cloud-with-a-silver-lining-helping-students-learn-about-professionalism
#8
Rhea J Cohn, Margaret M Plack
PROBLEM: Educators face many challenges in teaching professionalism. Despite attempts to define professionalism, it remains abstract for students and often not fully appreciated until they are in clinic. Without a way to make it personally relevant, students will likely be less motivated to learn. INTERVENTION: We used student-generated word clouds to facilitate reflection and discussions, thereby helping students make their perceptions of professionalism more explicit...
February 16, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631437/control-of-virulence-gene-transcription-by-indirect-readout-in-vibrio-cholerae-and-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhimurium
#9
Charles J Dorman, Matthew J Dorman
Indirect readout mechanisms of transcription control rely on the recognition of DNA shape by transcription factors (TFs). TFs may also employ a direct readout mechanism that involves the reading of the base sequence in the DNA major groove at the binding site. TFs with winged helix-turn-helix (wHTH) motifs use an alpha helix to read the base sequence in the major groove while inserting a beta sheet 'wing' into the adjacent minor groove. Such wHTH proteins are important regulators of virulence gene transcription in many pathogens; they also control housekeeping genes...
June 19, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630647/patterns-of-psychiatric-admissions-and-predictors-of-patient-s-outcome-in-jimma-university-teaching-and-referral-hospital-a-retrospective-study
#10
Sinan Tadesse, Abraham Tamirat Gizaw, Getachew Kirose Abraha, Lakew Abebe Gebretsadik
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric morbidity burden accounts 12.45% of the disease admission burden in Ethiopia; only two referral hospitals are found to manage all cases. The aim of this study is to assess the predictors of patient outcomes. METHOD: A 3 years retrospective patients' cards, charts and medical notes review in psychiatry case admission department of Jimma university teaching and training specialised hospital was conducted. All the admitted cases included in this study...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630291/global-sustainable-development-priorities-500-y-after-luther-sola-schola-et-sanitate
#11
Wolfgang Lutz
Martin Luther succinctly summarized his theology in sola statements, such as sola scriptura, viewing the Bible (scriptura) as the only valid source of information about God rather than what he viewed as the extraneous, corrupting church doctrine of the time. As a secular side effect of this focus on individual reading skills, the Protestant territories were the first to acquire high literacy rates, which subsequently fostered health, economic growth, and good governance. Here I argue that a similar priority focus on empowerment of all segments of all populations through education and health (sola schola et sanitate) is needed today for sustainable development...
June 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630037/a-mobile-app-for-the-self-management-of-type-1-diabetes-among-adolescents-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Shivani Goyal, Caitlin A Nunn, Michael Rotondi, Amy B Couperthwaite, Sally Reiser, Angelo Simone, Debra K Katzman, Joseph A Cafazzo, Mark R Palmert
BACKGROUND: While optimal blood glucose control is known to reduce the long-term complications associated with type 1 diabetes mellitus, adolescents often struggle to achieve their blood glucose targets. However, their strong propensity toward technology presents a unique opportunity for the delivery of novel self-management interventions. To support type 1 diabetes self-management in this population, we developed the diabetes self-management app bant, which included wireless blood glucose reading transfer, out-of-range blood glucose trend alerts, coaching around out-of-range trend causes and fixes, and a point-based incentive system...
June 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629775/8-oxo-7-8-dihydroguanine-friend-and-foe-epigenetic-like-regulator-versus-initiator-of-mutagenesis
#13
REVIEW
Aaron M Fleming, Cynthia J Burrows
A high flux of reactive oxygen species during oxidative stress results in oxidative modification of cellular components including DNA. Oxidative DNA "damage" to the heterocyclic bases is considered deleterious because polymerases may incorrectly read the modifications causing mutations. A prominent member in this class is the oxidized guanine base 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (OG) that is moderately mutagenic effecting G→T transversion mutations. Recent reports have identified that formation of OG in G-rich regulatory elements in the promoters of the VEGF, TNFα, and SIRT1 genes can increase transcription via activation of the base excision repair (BER) pathway...
June 9, 2017: DNA Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628989/pollutant-removal-and-microorganism-evolution-of-activated-sludge-under-ofloxacin-selection-pressure
#14
Qiang Kong, Xiao He, Yu Feng, Ming-Sheng Miao, Qian Wang, Yuan-da Du, Fei Xu
An activated sludge sequencing batch reactor (SBR) was fed with synthetic wastewater containing ofloxacin (OFL) for 52days to study the overall performance of the SBR, the characteristics of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and the bacterial community shift. Removal efficiencies of chemical oxygen demand, ammonia nitrogen, phosphorus and OFL were maintained at 90%, 96%, 80% and 65%, respectively. The EPS contents increased with increasing OFL concentration because more EPS was secreted to protect cells from OFL damage...
June 14, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628829/ectromelia-virus-accumulates-less-double-stranded-rna-compared-to-vaccinia-virus-in-bs-c-1-cells
#15
Tiffany R Frey, Michael H Lehmann, Colton M Ryan, Marie C Pizzorno, Gerd Sutter, Adam R Hersperger
Most orthopoxviruses, including vaccinia virus (VACV), contain genes in the E3L and K3L families. The protein products of these genes have been shown to combat PKR, a host defense pathway. Interestingly, ectromelia virus (ECTV) contains an E3L ortholog but does not possess an intact K3L gene. Here, we gained insight into how ECTV can still efficiently evade PKR despite lacking K3L. Relative to VACV, we found that ECTV-infected BS-C-1 cells accumulated considerably less double-stranded (ds) RNA, which was due to lower mRNA levels and less transcriptional read-through of some genes by ECTV...
June 16, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628766/multimorbidity-and-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Jennifer R Read, Louise Sharpe, Matthew Modini, Blake F Dear
BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity, the presence of two or more chronic conditions, is increasingly common and complicates the assessment and management of depression. The aim was to investigate the relationship between multimorbidity and depression. METHOD: A systematic literature search was conducted using the databases; PsychINFO, Medline, Embase, CINAHL and Cochrane Central. Results were meta-analysed to determine risk for a depressive disorder or depressive symptoms in people with multimorbidity...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627911/ethnic-differences-in-mothering-qualities-and-relations-to-academic-achievement
#17
Margaret O'Brien Caughy, Britain Mills, Margaret Tresch Owen, Nazly Dyer, Assaf Oshri
Although qualities of mothering behavior have been consistently linked with children's academic outcomes, mothers from different ethnic groups may emphasize different dimensions with their children. The present investigation aims to evaluate and compare the dimensionality of mothering in low-income African American (n = 151) and Mexican American (n = 182) mothers during early childhood and its predictive utility for children's academic achievement. Video-recorded mother-child interactions with children at 2½ and 3½ years of age were rated using 6 mothering quality items from a widely used global rating system...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627305/variability-of-diabetes-alert-dog-accuracy-in-a-real-world-setting
#18
Linda A Gonder-Frederick, Jesse H Grabman, Jaclyn A Shepard, Anand V Tripathi, Dallas M Ducar, Zachary R McElgunn
BACKGROUND: Diabetes alert dogs (DADs) are growing in popularity as an alternative method of glucose monitoring for individuals with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Only a few empirical studies have assessed DAD accuracy, with inconsistent results. The present study examined DAD accuracy and variability in performance in real-world conditions using a convenience sample of owner-report diaries. METHOD: Eighteen DAD owners (44.4% female; 77.8% youth) with T1D completed diaries of DAD alerts during the first year after placement...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627298/a-prospective-transcranial-doppler-ultrasound-based-evaluation-of-the-acute-and-cumulative-effects-of-sport-related-concussion-on-neurovascular-coupling-response-dynamics
#19
Alexander D Wright, Jonathan D Smirl, Kelsey Bryk, Paul van Donkelaar
Sport-related concussion has been shown to alter cerebral blood flow (CBF) both acutely and chronically, and may exert cumulative effects across multiple injuries. Such dysfunction may be mediated by trauma-induced deficits to CBF control mechanisms, though our understanding of these effects is limited, including dynamics of neurovascular coupling (NVC) responses (i.e. CBF responses to neurologic demand). 179 junior-level contact sport athletes completed preseason testing - 42 reported never having experienced a concussion (Hx-) while 31 had endured three or more (Hx3+)...
June 18, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626438/sensitivity-to-stroke-emerges-in-kindergartners-reading-chinese-script
#20
Su Li, Li Yin
To what extent are young children sensitive to individual stroke, the smallest unit of writing in Chinese that carries no phonological or semantic information? The present study examined Chinese kindergartners' sensitivity to stroke and the contribution of reading ability and age to stroke sensitivity. Fifty five children from Beijing, including 28 4-year-olds (Mage = 4.55 years, SD = 0.28, 16 males) and 29 5-year-olds (Mage = 5.58 years, SD = 0.30, 14 males), were administered an orthographic matching task and assessed on non-verbal IQ and Chinese word reading...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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