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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644943/failure-of-wrist-hemiarthroplasty
#1
Eric G Huish, Zachary Lum, H Brent Bamberger, Marc A Trzeciak
BACKGROUND: Wrist hemiarthroplasty has emerged as a motion-sparing option for severe wrist arthritis. It is technically easy with advantages of limited bone resection and no risk of nonunion. Given the relative infancy of the procedure in clinical practice, there are limited data on patient outcomes. METHODS: Eleven patients were treated with wrist reconstructive hemiarthroplasty. Indications included 1 patient with scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse, 9 patients with scapholunate advanced collapse, and 1 patient with capitolunate arthritis...
July 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643102/post-operative-rotator-cuff-integrity-based-on-sugaya-s-classification-can-reflect-abduction-muscle-strength-of-the-shoulder
#2
Masahito Yoshida, Phillipe Collin, Thierry Josseaume, Alexandre Lädermann, Hideyuki Goto, Katumasa Sugimoto, Takanobu Otsuka
PURPOSE: Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is common in structural and qualitative assessment of the rotator cuff post-operatively. Rotator cuff integrity has been thought to be associated with clinical outcome. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the inter-observer reliability of cuff integrity (Sugaya's classification) and assess the correlation between Sugaya's classification and the clinical outcome. It was hypothesized that Sugaya's classification would show good reliability and good correlation with the clinical outcome...
June 22, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641738/shoulder-proprioception-how-is-it-measured-and-is-it-reliable-a-systematic-review
#3
Amanda L Ager, Jean-Sébastien Roy, Marianne Roos, Amélie Fournier Belley, Ann Cools, Luc J Hébert
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. INTRODUCTION: Constituents of proprioception include our awareness of the position (joint position sense [JPS]) and motion (kinesthesia) of our limbs in space. Proprioceptive deficits are associated with musculoskeletal disorders but remain a challenge to quantify, particularly at the shoulder. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To report the psychometric values of validity, reliability, and responsiveness for shoulder JPS and/or kinesthesia protocols...
April 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637131/translation-cultural-adaptation-reliability-and-validity-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-penn-shoulder-score
#4
Zeynep Hazar Kanik, Gurkan Gunaydin, Omer Osman Pala, Ugur Sozlu, Zeynep Beyza Alkan, Seyit Citaker, Selda Basar, Ulunay Kanatli
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to translate the Penn Shoulder Score into Turkish and to establish its cultural adaptation, reliability, and validity in patients with shoulder dysfunctions. METHODS: The Penn Shoulder Score was translated and culturally adapted from English into Turkish. Subsequently, the Penn Shoulder Score, the Constant Score, the American Shoulder and Elbow Score, and the Western Ontario Rotator Cuff Index were completed by 97 patients with shoulder dysfunctions...
February 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630752/acromion-and-glenoid-shape-why-are-they-important-predictive-factors-for-the-future-of-our-shoulders
#5
Richard W Nyffeler, Dominik C Meyer
The shape of the acromion differs between patients with degenerative rotator cuff tears and individuals without rotator cuff pathology.It can be assessed in the sagittal plane (acromion type, acromion slope) and in the coronal plane (lateral acromion angle, acromion index, critical shoulder angle).The inter-observer reliability is better for the measurements in the coronal plane.A large lateral extension (high acromion index or high critical shoulder angle) and a lateral down-sloping of the acromion (low lateral acromion angle) are associated with full-thickness supraspinatus tears...
May 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629648/ten-reasons-to-embrace-scientism
#6
Rik Peels
A strong version of scientism, such as that of Alex Rosenberg, says, roughly, that natural science reliably delivers rational belief or knowledge, whereas common sense sources of belief, such as moral intuition, memory, and introspection, do not. In this paper I discuss ten reasons that adherents of scientism have or might put forward in defence of scientism. The aim is to show which considerations could plausibly count in favour of scientism and what this implies for the way scientism ought to be formulated...
June 2017: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626325/the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-korean-version-of-the-upper-limb-functional-index
#7
Tae-Sung In, Jin-Hwa Jung, Keun-Jo Kim, Cu-Rie Lee, Kyoung-Sim Jung, Hwi-Young Cho
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to establish the reliability and validity of Upper Limb Functional Index (ULFI), which has been translated into Korean, in treating patients with upper limb complaints. [Subjects and Methods] Fourty-nine subjects with upper limb disorder, 20 males and 29 females, participated in this study. Reliability was determined by using the intra class correlation coefficient and Cronbach's alpha for internal consistency. Validity was examined by correlating ULFI scores with Disability of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH)...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616779/-arthrodesis-of-the-distal-interphalangeal-joint-using-the-headless-compression-screw
#8
REVIEW
C K Spies, B Hohendorff, S Löw, L P Müller, J Oppermann, P Hahn, F Unglaub
OBJECTIVE: Arthrodesis of the distal interphalangeal joint of the fingers and interphalangeal joint of the thumb in order to gain reliable stability and function. INDICATIONS: Primary and secondary osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, defect lesions, septic joint destruction, posttraumatic joint deviation, fatal joint instability, fatal tendon lesions. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Persistent infections (empyema, osteomyelitis, phlegmon), deficient soft tissue mantle, bone/screw mismatch...
June 14, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614280/psychometric-validation-of-the-adapted-traditional-chinese-hong-kong-version-of-the-japanese-orthopaedic-association-cervical-myelopathy-evaluation-questionnaire-joacmeq
#9
Prudence Wing Hang Cheung, Carlos King Ho Wong, Sin Ting Lau, Jason Pui Yin Cheung
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective questionnaire translation and validation. OBJECTIVE: To translate and cross-culturally adapt the Japanese Orthopaedic Association Cervical Myelopathy Evaluation Questionnaire (JOACMEQ) into Traditional Chinese (Hong Kong); and to assess its validity, reliability and sensitivity for differentiating cervical myelopathy (CM) and presence of acute neck/shoulder pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: CM frequently presents with various symptoms affecting patients' quality of life...
June 13, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601491/a-validation-of-the-nottingham-clavicle-score-a-clavicle-acromioclavicular-joint-and-sternoclavicular-joint-specific-patient-reported-outcome-measure
#10
Edmund R Charles, Vinod Kumar, James Blacknall, Kimberley Edwards, John M Geoghegan, Paul A Manning, W Angus Wallace
BACKGROUND: Patients with acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) and sternoclavicular joint (SCJ) injuries and with clavicle fractures are typically younger and more active than those with other shoulder pathologies. We developed the Nottingham Clavicle Score (NCS) specifically for this group of patients to improve sensitivity for assessing the outcomes of treatment of these conditions compared with the more commonly used Constant Score (CS) and Oxford Shoulder Score (OSS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cohort study in which the preoperative and 6-month postoperative NCS evaluations of outcome in 90 patients were compared with the CS, OSS, Imatani Score (IS), and the EQ-5D scores...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601486/the-development-of-the-patient-expectations-of-shoulder-surgery-survey
#11
Rinco C T Koorevaar, Tsjitske Haanstra, Esther Van't Riet, Okke F O Lambers Heerspink, Sjoerd K Bulstra
BACKGROUND: Patient satisfaction after a surgical procedure is dependent on meeting preoperative expectations. There is currently no patient expectations survey available for patients undergoing shoulder surgery that is validated, reliable, and easy to use in daily practice. The aim of this study was to develop a Patient Expectations of Shoulder Surgery (PESS) survey. METHODS: In 315 patients, answers to an open-ended question about patient expectations were collected before shoulder surgery to develop the PESS survey...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595612/responsiveness-and-minimal-important-change-of-the-norwegian-version-of-the-disabilities-of-the-arm-shoulder-and-hand-questionnaire-dash-in-patients-with-subacromial-pain-syndrome
#12
Tarjei Rysstad, Yngve Røe, Benjamin Haldorsen, Ida Svege, Liv Inger Strand
BACKGROUND: The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaire (DASH) is a valid and reliable patient-reported outcome measure (PROM). It was designed to measure physical disability and symptoms in patients with musculoskeletal disorders of the upper extremity, and is one of the most commonly used PROMs for patients with shoulder pain. The aim of this study was to examine responsiveness, the smallest detectable change (SDC) and the minimal important change (MIC) of the DASH, in line with international (COSMIN) recommendations...
June 8, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594497/arthroplasty-for-unreconstructable-acute-fractures-and-failed-fracture-fixation-about-the-hip-and-knee-in-the-active-elderly-a-new-paradigm
#13
Richard F Kyle, Paul J Duwelius, George J Haidukewych, Andrew H Schmidt
The techniques, materials, and designs for total joint arthroplasty underwent major improvements in the past 30 years. During this time, trauma surgeons classified the severity of fractures as well as identified certain articular fractures that do not have good outcomes and have a high rate of failure after internal fixation. Advanced improvements in arthroplasty have increased its reliability and longevity. Total joint arthroplasty is becoming a standard of care for some acute articular fractures, particularly displaced femoral neck fractures in the active elderly...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588656/measurement-of-combined-glenoid-and-hill-sachs-lesions-in-anterior-shoulder-instability
#14
Dominique M Rouleau, Laurianne Garant-Saine, Fanny Canet, Emilie Sandman, Jérémie Ménard, Julien Clément
BACKGROUND: Recurrent glenohumeral anterior instability (RGAI) frequently induces combined glenoid and Hill-Sachs bone lesions and is a risk factor for soft tissue repair failure. This cohort study describes a simple preoperative quantification method for bone loss, the Clock method, the first that combines glenoid and humeral lesions. METHODS: Computed tomography scans of 34 shoulders with RGAI were twice reviewed by three independent observers, who measured bone lesions using the new Clock method and existing validated methods...
July 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587371/outcome-of-antegrade-intramedullary-fixation-for-juvenile-fifth-metacarpal-neck-fracture-with-titanium-elastic-nail
#15
Kaiying Shen, Yunlan Xu, Dan Cao, Zhigang Wang, Haiqing Cai
The purpose of the current study was to assess the outcome of antegrade intramedullary fixation with titanium elastic nail (TEN) in displaced fifth metacarpal neck fractures. The present study included 69 consecutive juvenile patients with displaced fifth metacarpal fractures. The head-shaft angle of the fifth metacarpal and range of motion (ROM) of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint were evaluated. A disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) questionnaire was used to assess upper arm function. The head-shaft angle of the affected side was significantly improved postoperatively (P<0...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581816/serial-changes-in-3-dimensional-supraspinatus-muscle-volume-after-rotator-cuff-repair
#16
Seok Won Chung, Kyung-Soo Oh, Sung Gyu Moon, Na Ra Kim, Ji Whan Lee, Eungjune Shim, Sehyung Park, Youngjun Kim
BACKGROUND: There is considerable debate on the recovery of rotator cuff muscle atrophy after rotator cuff repair. PURPOSE: To evaluate the serial changes in supraspinatus muscle volume after rotator cuff repair by using semiautomatic segmentation software and to determine the relationship with functional outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: Seventy-four patients (mean age, 62.8 ± 8.8 years) who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair and obtained 3 consecutive (preoperatively, immediately postoperatively, and later postoperatively [≥1 year postoperatively]) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans having complete Y-views were included...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576698/impact-of-shoulder-rotation-on-neck-shaft-angle-a-clinical-study
#17
J H Assunção, E A Malavolta, R A Beraldo, M E C Gracitelli, M Bordalo-Rodrigues, A A Ferreira Neto
BACKGROUND: Two recent experimental studies evaluated the influence of shoulder rotation on neck-shaft angle, with conflicting results. However, there have been no clinical studies of whether this angle varies in different shoulder positions. The present study aimed to determine whether shoulder rotation affects neck-shaft angle on standard radiographs in patients with complaints of shoulder pain. HYPOTHESIS: Shoulder rotation does not affect neck-shaft angle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in selected patients with shoulder pain...
May 30, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573515/reproducibility-of-a-new-method-for-measuring-lowering-and-medialisation-of-the-humerus-after-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty
#18
Axel Marcoin, Antoine Ferrier, Laurent Blasco, Paul De Boissieu, Cécile Nerot, Xavier Ohl
BACKGROUND: Reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) requires lowering the humerus and medialisation of the centre of rotation. Several techniques based on standard X-rays are available in the literature. The aim of this study was to expose and validate a new technique for measuring these parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Radiographic data of 20 patients were included. Three observers examined each X-rays three times to establish the inter- and intra-reproducibility of each technique (Jobin, Renaud and our method)...
June 1, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571725/the-scapular-dyskinesis-test-reliability-agreement-and-predictive-value-in-patients-with-subacromial-impingement-syndrome
#19
David Høyrup Christiansen, Anders Damgaard Møller, Jesper Medom Vestergaard, Søren Mose, Thomas Maribo
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort. INTRODUCTION: Assessment of scapular dysfunction is considered important in the clinical evaluation and treatment of patients with symptoms of subacromial impingement. However, sparse research has been conducted into the reliability and predictive value of clinical tests with which to identify scapular dyskinesis. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To evaluate intrarater and interrater reliability and predictive value of the Scapular Dyskinesis Test (SDT) in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570312/validation-of-the-ludwigshafen-german-version-of-the-burn-specific-health-scale-brief
#20
Annette Stolle, Sabine Ripper, Janina Magdanz, Bernd Höner, Victoria Struckmann, Ulrich Kneser, Leila Harhaus
The Burn Specific Health Scale-Brief (BSHS-B) is one of the most commonly used instruments to measure quality of life after burns. Our aim was to establish and to provide a German version of the BSHS-B for all German-speaking burn facilities. Translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the original English version into the German language was conducted. In a pilot study, 20 burn patients qualitatively validated the translated version concerning comprehensibility and content validity. The final version was then quantitatively validated by 364 patients who were treated in our burn center between 2011 and 2015...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
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