keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

paediatric airway

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757925/a-modified-co2-o2-guedel-airway-improves-capnographic-accuracy-compared-with-a-co2-o2-nasal-cannula-an-infant-manikin-study
#1
Jens Moll, Pinelopi Anagnostopoulou, Franz J Frei, Thomas O Erb
BACKGROUND: Capnography via a CO2/O2 nasal cannula is commonly used for respiratory monitoring during sedation. However, signal disturbances are frequently encountered, especially in young children. OBJECTIVE: Sampling ports placed closer to the trachea have been shown to result in improved signal quality. In a manikin model of a 6-month-old infant we compared capnography from a modified Guedel airway with a CO2 port located at the tip with that from a CO2/O2 nasal cannula...
April 30, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755754/-chlamydia-pneumoniae-induced-tumour-necrosis-factor-alpha-responses-are-lower-in-children-with-asthma-compared-with-non-asthma
#2
Tamar Anne Smith-Norowitz, Kobkul Chotikanatis, Diana Weaver, Jared Ditkowsky, Yitzchok Meir Norowitz, Margaret R Hammerschlag, Rauno Joks, Stephan Kohlhoff
Introduction: Chlamydia pneumoniae respiratory tract infection has been implicated in the pathogenesis of reactive airway disease and asthma. Innate cytokine responses that are protective of infection with intracellular pathogens may be impaired in patients with asthma. Tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) is a cytokine related to functions of monocytes and may inhibit C. pneumoniae infection. We investigated TNF-α responses in C. pneumoniae -infected peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in patients with asthma and non-asthma, and whether ciprofloxacin, azithromycin or doxycycline affects TNF-α responses...
2018: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720752/current-practice-patterns-of-supraglottic-airway-device-usage-in-paediatric-patients-amongst-anaesthesiologists-a-nationwide-survey
#3
Ruchi A Jain, Devangi A Parikh, Anila D Malde, Bhuvneshwari Balasubramanium
Background and Aims: Supraglottic airway devices (SGADs) are increasingly being used for airway management in paediatric patients undergoing general anaesthesia. This survey was designed to assess the nationwide practice patterns of SGAD usage in paediatric patients. Methods: A questionnaire of 28 questions was circulated amongst 16,532 members of the Indian Society of Anaesthesiologists through online survey engine Google Forms® and served manually to 500 delegates attending the Asian Society of Paediatric Anaesthesiologists conference 2017...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720749/use-of-supraglottic-airway-devices-in-paediatric-patients-in-the-indian-context-some-we-know-some-we-need-to-know-and-march-ahead
#4
EDITORIAL
Priyam Saikia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708907/the-emergency-paediatric-surgical-airway-a-systematic-review
#5
Lena Koers, Darja Janjatovic, Markus F Stevens, Benedikt Preckel
BACKGROUND: Although an emergency surgical airway is recommended in the guidelines for a paediatric cannot intubate, cannot oxygenate (CICO), there is currently no evidence regarding the best technique for this procedure. OBJECTIVE: To review the available literature on the paediatric emergency surgical airway to give recommendations for establishing a best practice for this procedure. DESIGN: Systematic review: Considering the nature of the original studies, a meta-analysis was not possible...
April 27, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701418/traumatic-carotid-jugular-av-fistula-in-a-child
#6
Pedro Lima, Anabela Gonçalves, Manuel Fonseca, Carolina Mendes, Óscar Gonçalves
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic Arteriovenous fistulae of the neck vessels are a rare condition, comprising less than 4% of traumatic fistulae found anywhere else in the body. METHODS: The authors propose to report a clinical case of such a condition in a 10-year-old boy who sustained a gunshot wound in the left side of the neck. RESULTS: Shortly after the event, the patient was admitted to paediatric ICU and intubated for airway protection. A palpable thrill in the left side of the neck was noticed, giving rise to the need of imaging study...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690950/safety-of-tracheal-intubation-in-the-presence-of-cardiac-disease-in-paediatric-icus
#7
Eleanor A Gradidge, Adnan Bakar, David Tellez, Michael Ruppe, Sarah Tallent, Geoffrey Bird, Natasha Lavin, Anthony Lee, Vinay Nadkarni, Michelle Adu-Darko, Jesse Bain, Katherine Biagas, Aline Branca, Ryan K Breuer, Calvin Brown, Kris Bysani, Guillaume Emeriaud, Sandeep Gangadharan, John S Giuliano, Joy D Howell, Conrad Krawiec, Jan Hau Lee, Simon Li, Keith Meyer, Michael Miksa, Natalie Napolitano, Sholeen Nett, Gabrielle Nuthall, Alberto Orioles, Erin B Owen, Margaret M Parker, Simon Parsons, Lee A Polikoff, Kyle Rehder, Osamu Saito, Ron C Sanders, Asha Shenoi, Dennis W Simon, Peter W Skippen, Keiko Tarquinio, Anne Thompson, Iris Toedt-Pingel, Karen Walson, Akira Nishisaki
IntroductionChildren with CHD and acquired heart disease have unique, high-risk physiology. They may have a higher risk of adverse tracheal-intubation-associated events, as compared with children with non-cardiac disease.Materials and methodsWe sought to evaluate the occurrence of adverse tracheal-intubation-associated events in children with cardiac disease compared to children with non-cardiac disease. A retrospective analysis of tracheal intubations from 38 international paediatric ICUs was performed using the National Emergency Airway Registry for Children (NEAR4KIDS) quality improvement registry...
April 25, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670674/tiotropium-for-the-treatment-of-asthma-patient-selection-and-perspectives
#8
REVIEW
V Madhu Chari, Robert Andrew McIvor
Asthma is a chronic disease of airway inflammation with a large global burden. Despite established, guideline-based stepwise therapy, a significant proportion of patients remain symptomatic and poorly controlled. As such, there is a need for additional safe, effective, convenient, and cost-effective therapies that can be broadly applied across a range of asthma phenotypes. Tiotropium is a long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) that leads to bronchodilation by blocking endogenous acetylcholine receptors in the airways...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645082/soluble-st2-sst2-regulation-by-rhinovirus-rv-and-25-oh-vitamin-d3-in-the-blood-of-asthmatic-children
#9
Patricia Haag, Himanshu Sharma, Manfred Rauh, Theodor Zimmermann, Tytti Vuorinen, Nikolaos G Papadopoulos, Scott T Weiss, Susetta Finotto
Paediatric asthma exacerbations are often caused by Rhinovirus (RV). Moreover, 25(OH)-Vitamin D3 (=25(OH) VitD3) deficiency during infancy was found associated with asthma. Here, we investigated the innate immune responses to RV and their possible modulation by 25(OH) VitD3 serum levels in a preschool cohort of children with and without asthma. The innate lymphoid cell type 2 (ILC2)-associated marker, ST2 was found upregulated in the blood cells of asthmatic children with low serum levels of 25(OH)VitD3 in the absence of RV in their airways...
April 12, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621946/congenital-pulmonary-airway-malformation-mimicking-as-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-five-paediatric-patients-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#10
Jasbir Singh, Poonam Dalal, Kamal Nain Rattan
A series of five children with delayed presentation of congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM), all initially misdiagnosed as pulmonary tuberculosis, is described. All five children presented with recurrent respiratory infections and failure to thrive, having shown poor response to multiple antibiotics course, including anti-tubercular therapy for variable periods. Successful surgical intervention was belatedly instigated.
January 1, 2018: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574813/paediatric-oral-maxillofacial-surgery
#11
J M Shand
Children have differences in their physiology, anatomy and they are continuing to grow and develop. The management of pathology, trauma, deformity and upper airway obstruction in the young growing patient has to take into account these factors in the treatment planning for these conditions. It is important for Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeons to understand the potential impact of disease or injury on the developing facial skeleton and dentition. This chapter will provide an overview of the some of the major components of paediatric maxillofacial surgery and their management...
March 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569453/the-safety-of-paediatric-dentistry-procedures-under-general-anaesthesia-a-five-year-experience-of-a-tertiary-care-center
#12
A K Bartella, C Lechner, M Kamal, J Steegmann, F Hölzle, B Lethaus
AIM: Frequently general anaesthesia (GA) is used to treat noncompliant children. Especially in children with morbid diseases general anaesthesia can be a challenging procedure for anaesthetists. The aim of this paper was to evaluate the risks and adverse reactions with a special focus on the impact of existing medication conditions and syndromes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: and methods Records of children up to 10 years of age, who were admitted for paediatric dentistry procedures under GA from January 2011 to December 2016 at the University Hospital of the University of Aachen (Germany), were reviewed...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554296/the-diagnosis-and-management-of-respiratory-tract-fungal-infection-in-cystic-fibrosis-a-uk-survey-of-current-practice
#13
M Boyle, J E Moore, J L Whitehouse, D Bilton, D G Downey
Aspergillus fumigatus is commonly found in the airways of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), and allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is the most recognized associated clinical condition. However, accurate diagnosis remains challenging, and there is a paucity of clinical trials to guide clinical management of fungal disease. The aim of this survey was to assess the variability in current practice across the UK in diagnosis and management of fungal lung disease in CF patients. A 21 question anonymous online survey was sent to 94 paediatric and adult CF consultants in the UK...
March 15, 2018: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525139/transoral-robotic-excision-of-laryngeal-papillomas-with-flex%C3%A2-robotic-system-a-novel-surgical-approach
#14
Bernar Tan Wen Sheng, Patrick Wong, Constance Teo Ee Hoon
INTRODUCTION: Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis results in hoarseness, stridor and airway obstruction. Management is surgical, with most surgeons using microdebrider or laser. Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) has been successfully utilised for the excision of oropharyngeal malignancies and paediatric airway surgery. This is the first case report of TORS being used for the excision of laryngeal papillomas. CASE REPORT: A 36 year old Chinese female was diagnosed with juvenile onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis...
May 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514811/clinician-s-gaze-behaviour-in-simulated-paediatric-emergencies
#15
Ben McNaughten, Caroline Hart, Stephen Gallagher, Carol Junk, Patricia Coulter, Andrew Thompson, Thomas Bourke
AIM: Differences in the gaze behaviour of experts and novices are described in aviation and surgery. This study sought to describe the gaze behaviour of clinicians from different training backgrounds during a simulated paediatric emergency. METHODS: Clinicians from four clinical areas undertook a simulated emergency. Participants wore SMI (SensoMotoric Instruments) eye tracking glasses. We measured the fixation count and dwell time on predefined areas of interest and the time taken to key clinical interventions...
March 7, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484172/apnoeic-oxygenation-by-nasal-cannula-during-airway-management-in-children-undergoing-general-anaesthesia-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Lafi Olayan, Abdulaleem Alatassi, Jaimin Patel, Sherran Milton
Background: Airway management is a core clinical skill in anaesthesia. Pre-oxygenation prior to induction of anaesthesia is a standard practice to prevent desaturation. Apnoeic oxygenation in adults is effective and prolongs the time to desaturation. The effectiveness of apnoeic oxygenation in the adult is well documented; however, evidence in the paediatric is lacking. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of apnoeic oxygenation during airway management in children...
2018: Perioperative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479245/training-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-canadian-health-care-providers-regarding-sleep-and-sleep-disorders-in-children
#17
Reut Gruber, Evelyn Constantin, Jean Yves Frappier, Robert T Brouillette, Merrill S Wise
Background: Sleep disorders are prevalent in children and are associated with significant comorbidity. Objective: To assess the training, knowledge, attitudes and practices of Canadian health care providers (HCPs) regarding sleep disorders in children. Method: A 42-item survey, designed to collect information on frequency of paediatric sleep disorders-related screening and diagnosis, implementation of evidence-based interventions and related knowledge base, was completed by HCPs...
September 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479100/evaluation-of-effectiveness-of-a-paediatric-simulation-course-in-procedural-skills-for-paediatric-residents-a-pilot-study
#18
Abdullah AlShammari, Aman Inayah, Nasir Ali Afsar, Akram Nurhussen, Amna Siddiqui, Muhammad Lucman Anwer, Sadek Obeidat, Mohammed Khaled Bakro, Tawfik Samer Abu Assale, Eyad Almidani, Abdullah Alsonbul, Sami Alhaider, Ibrahim Bin Hussain, Emad Khadawardi, Muhammad Zafar
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of simulation training on paediatric residents' confidence and skills in managing advanced skills in critical care. METHODS: The study was conducted at Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from March to June 2016, and comprised junior residents in paediatrics. All paediatric residents (years 1 and 2) were recruited into two workshops, held one week apart. The first workshop covered lumbar puncture/ cerebrospinal fluid interpretation, oral intubation, bone marrow aspiration, and critical airway management...
February 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456862/thin-laryngeal-foreign-bodies-in-infants-diagnostic-potential-of-mdct
#19
Antonella Concerto, Marco Cavallaro, Carmela Visalli, Anna Maria Bagnato, Ugo Barbaro, Ignazio Salamone
A laryngeal foreign body (FB) is a significant, life-threatening event in the paediatric population. Incomplete airways obstruction by a thin, laminar, radiolucent FB lodged in the glottis or supraglottis is a rare occurrence that may present with non-specific symptoms, absence of chest findings, and normal radiographic investigations, resulting in misdiagnosis, delay in diagnosis, or prolonged recovery. We report two cases of 10-month-old male infants, each with a thin radiolucent FB lodged between the vocal folds that was detected with low-dose multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and thin-slice reconstruction...
April 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452732/efficacy-of-pre-hospital-rapid-sequence-intubation-in-paediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-a-9-year-observational-study
#20
Stefan Heschl, Ben Meadley, Emily Andrew, Warwick Butt, Stephen Bernard, Karen Smith
INTRODUCTION: Prehospital airway management of the paediatric patient with traumatic brain injury (TBI) is controversial. Endotracheal intubation of children in the field requires specific skills and has potential benefits but also carries potentially serious complications. We aimed to compare mortality and functional outcomes after six months between children with TBI who either underwent prehospital rapid sequence intubation (RSI) by trained Intensive Care paramedics (ICP) or received no intubation...
May 2018: Injury
keyword
keyword
103364
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"