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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816473/the-effects-of-context-on-processing-words-during-sentence-reading-among-adults-varying-in-age-and-literacy-skill
#1
Allison A Steen-Baker, Shukhan Ng, Brennan R Payne, Carolyn J Anderson, Kara D Federmeier, Elizabeth A L Stine-Morrow
The facilitation of word processing by sentence context reflects the interaction between the build-up of message-level semantics and lexical processing. Yet, little is known about how this effect varies through adulthood as a function of reading skill. In this study, Participants 18-64 years old with a range of literacy competence read simple sentences as their eye movements were monitored. We manipulated the predictability of a sentence-final target word, operationalized as cloze probability. First fixation durations showed an interaction between age and literacy skill, decreasing with age among more skilled readers but increasing among less skilled readers...
August 2017: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815374/the-roles-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-on-hispanic-children-s-mental-health-a-motor-skill-perspective
#2
Xiangli Gu, M Jean Keller, Karen H Weiller-Abels, Tao Zhang
PURPOSE: Motor competence (MC) has been recognized as the foundation for life-time moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) as well as an influential factor in reducing sedentary behavior during childhood. Guided by Blair et al.'s health model, the purpose of this study was to examine the behavioral mechanism of mental health including physical, psychosocial, and cognitive health among Hispanic children related to MC and MVPA. METHODS: A prospective research design was used with two-wave assessments across one academic year...
August 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814328/building-capacity-for-dissemination-and-implementation-research-one-university-s-experience
#3
Ross C Brownson, Enola K Proctor, Douglas A Luke, Ana A Baumann, Mackenzie Staub, Matthew T Brown, Mallory Johnson
BACKGROUND: While dissemination and implementation (D&I) science has grown rapidly, there is an ongoing need to understand how to build and sustain capacity in individuals and institutions conducting research. There are three inter-related domains for capacity building: people, settings, and activities. Since 2008, Washington University in St. Louis has dedicated significant attention and resources toward building D&I research capacity. This paper describes our process, challenges, and lessons with the goal of informing others who may have similar aims at their own institution...
August 16, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811835/mental-health-care-providers-perceptions-of-the-barriers-to-suicide-prevention-amongst-people-with-substance-use-disorders-in-south-africa-a-qualitative-study
#4
Daniel Goldstone, Jason Bantjes
BACKGROUND: Substance use is a well-established, and potentially modifiable, risk factor for suicide. Suicide prevention interventions are typically framed within the biomedical paradigm and focus on addressing individual risk factors, improving access to psychiatric care, and improving the skills of medical personnel to recognise at-risk individuals. Few studies have focused on contextual factors that hinder suicide prevention in people with substance use disorders, particularly in low-resource settings...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811747/what-establishes-an-excellent-nurse-a-focus-group-and-delphi-panel-approach
#5
Wolter Paans, Patricia Robbe, Inge Wijkamp, Marca V C Wolfensberger
BACKGROUND: Over the past few years, the complexity of the health care system in which nurses are required to practice has increased considerably, magnifying the need for excellent professionals with a specific set of knowledge, skills and attitudes. However, the characteristics that distinguish an excellent nurse have not yet been clarified. The aim of this study was to determine nurses' perspectives regarding characteristics associated with an excellent nurse in order to elicit a conceptual profile...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809652/effectiveness-of-interventions-for-caregivers-of-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-related-major-neurocognitive-disorders-a-systematic-review
#6
Catherine Verrier Piersol, Kerry Canton, Susan E Connor, Ilana Giller, Stacy Lipman, Suzanne Sager
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the evidence review was to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions for caregivers of people with Alzheimer's disease and related major neurocognitive disorders that facilitate the ability to maintain participation in the caregiver role. METHOD: Scientific literature published in English between January 2006 and April 2014 was reviewed. Databases included MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, OTseeker, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808983/ability-and-sex-differences-in-spatial-thinking-what-does-the-mental-rotation-test-really-measure
#7
Mary Hegarty
Spatial ability tests are often interpreted as measuring facility with imagined spatial transformations of objects. But some spatial ability tests can be solved by analytic strategies as well as imagery transformation strategies. In the present study, participants gave verbal protocols while completing items on the Vandenberg and Kuse (Perceptual & Motor Skills, 4, 599-604, 1978) mental rotation test, and/or reported the strategies they had used on the test. Most participants used both imagery transformation and analytic strategies (i...
August 14, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807139/recognition-of-anxiety-depression-and-ptsd-in-patients-with-copd-and-chf-who-gets-missed
#8
Chelsea G Ratcliff, Terri L Barrera, Nancy J Petersen, Shubhada Sansgiry, Michael R Kauth, Mark E Kunik, Melinda A Stanley, Jeffrey A Cully
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to identify patient factors associated with mental health (MH) recognition and treatment in medically ill Veterans. METHOD: Retrospective data from patient electronic medical records (EMR) and self-report data were reviewed for 180 Veterans with cardiopulmonary conditions who met diagnostic criteria for anxiety, depression, or posttraumatic stress disorder on the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Multivariate logistic regression examined the association of medical record MH recognition and MH service use with patient factors, including anxiety and depression severity, self-efficacy, locus of control, coping, illness intrusiveness, and health-related quality of life (QOL)...
July 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805416/identifying-barriers-to-culture-change-a-qualitative-analysis-of-the-obstacles-to-delivering-resident-centered-care
#9
Ryann L Engle, Denise A Tyler, Katelyn E Gormley, Melissa K Afable, Kimberly Curyto, Omonyêlé L Adjognon, Victoria A Parker, Jennifer L Sullivan
A growing number of healthcare organizations have moved from traditional, institutional nursing home models to ones that emphasize culture change, or resident-centered care (RCC). In 2006, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) began implementing a number of changes to VA nursing homes, now called Community Living Centers (CLCs), to provide veterans with a more resident-centered and homelike environment. This study aimed to understand the barriers CLC staff face when delivering RCC. Ten CLCs were included on the basis of their performance levels on RCC and quality of care...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805175/outcomes-of-a-psycho-education-and-monitoring-programme-to-prevent-compulsory-admission-to-psychiatric-inpatient-care-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
B Lay, W Kawohl, W Rössler
BACKGROUND: There is a need for interventions that effectively reduce compulsory admission to psychiatry. We conducted a randomised controlled trial to investigate whether an innovative intervention programme prevents compulsory re-admission in people with serious mental illness. METHODS: The programme addresses primarily patients' self-management skills. It consists of individualised psychoeducation focusing on behaviours prior to and during illness-related crises, crisis cards and, after discharge from the psychiatric hospital, a 24-month preventive monitoring...
August 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804398/the-transfer-of-skills-from-cognitive-and-physical-training-to-activities-of-daily-living-a-randomised-controlled-study
#11
Magdalena Hagovska, Iveta Nagyova
Ageing is associated with the deterioration of all cognitive functions, including attention, memory and psychomotor speed. It has not yet been clearly confirmed whether the effects of cognitive and physical interventions can improve activities of daily living (ADL). This study compared the effectiveness of cognitive and physical training on cognitive functions and the transfer to ADL. Eighty older people with mild cognitive impairment (mean age 67.07 ± 4.3 years) were randomly divided into an experimental group (n = 40) and a control group (n = 40)...
June 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801409/what-is-the-prevalence-of-and-associations-with-forced-labour-experiences-among-male-migrants-from-dolakha-nepal-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study-of-returnee-migrants
#12
Joelle Mak, Tanya Abramsky, Bandita Sijapati, Ligia Kiss, Cathy Zimmerman
OBJECTIVES: Growing numbers of people are migrating outside their country for work, and many experience precarious conditions, which have been linked to poor physical and mental health. While international dialogue on human trafficking, forced labour and slavery increases, prevalence data of such experiences remain limited. METHODS: Men from Dolakha, Nepal, who had ever migrated outside of Nepal for work were interviewed on their experiences, from predeparture to return (n=194)...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801301/exploring-user-learnability-and-learning-performance-in-an-app-for-depression-usability-study
#13
Colleen Stiles-Shields, Enid Montague, Emily G Lattie, Stephen M Schueller, Mary J Kwasny, David C Mohr
BACKGROUND: Mental health apps tend to be narrow in their functioning, with their focus mostly being on tracking, management, or psychoeducation. It is unclear what capability such apps have to facilitate a change in users, particularly in terms of learning key constructs relating to behavioral interventions. Thought Challenger (CBITs, Chicago) is a skill-building app that engages users in cognitive restructuring, a core component of cognitive therapy (CT) for depression. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the learnability and learning performance of users following initial use of Thought Challenger...
August 11, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800450/status-inconsistency-and-mental-health-a-random-effects-and-instrumental-variables-analysis-using-14-annual-waves-of-cohort-data
#14
Allison Milner, Zoe Aitken, Anne Kavanagh, Anthony D LaMontagne, Dennis Petrie
Status inconsistency refers to a discrepancy between the position a person holds in one domain of their social environment comparative to their position in another domain. For example, the experience of being overeducated for a job, or not using your skills in your job. We sought to assess the relationship between status inconsistency and mental health using 14 annual waves of cohort data. We used two approaches to measuring status inconsistency: 1) being overeducated for your job (objective measure); and b) not using your skills in your job (subjective measure)...
August 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799864/internal-and-external-imagery-effects-on-tennis-skills-among-novices
#15
Amir Dana, Elmira Gozalzadeh
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of internal and external visual imagery perspectives on performance accuracy of open and closed tennis skills (i.e., serve, forehand, and backhand) among novices. Thirty-six young male novices, aged 15 to 18 years, from a summer tennis program participated in the study. Following initial skill acquisition (12 sessions), baseline assessments of imagery ability and imagery perspective preference were used to assign participants to one of three groups: internal imagery ( n = 12), external imagery ( n = 12), or a no-imagery (mental math exercise) control group ( n = 12)...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797822/mental-health-nurses-emotions-exposure-to-patient-aggression-attitudes-to-and-use-of-coercive-measures-cross-sectional-questionnaire-survey
#16
Rahul Jalil, Jorg W Huber, Judith Sixsmith, Geoffrey L Dickens
BACKGROUND: Mental health nurses are exposed to patient aggression, and required to manage and de-escalate aggressive incidents; coercive measures such as restraint and seclusion should only be used as a last resort. An improved understanding of links between nurses' exposure to aggression, attitudes to, and actual involvement in, coercive measures, and their emotions (anger, guilt, fear, fatigue, sadness), could inform preparation and education for prevention and management of violence...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795830/early-predictors-of-escalating-internalizing-problems-across-middle-childhood
#17
Cen Wang, Kate E Williams, Ameneh Shahaeian, Linda J Harrison
The objective of this study is to examine the trajectory of internalizing problems across middle childhood among a population sample of Australian children, and to understand the timing of explanatory factors related to children's development of internalizing problems, by using multiple-indicator latent growth curve modeling. Participants were children, parents, and teachers in the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC) Kindergarten (K) cohort (n = 3,153). Mothers reported on children's internalizing problems at 3 time points (6-7, 8-9, and 10-11 years)...
August 10, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793951/changes-in-surgical-team-performance-and-safety-climate-attitudes-following-expansion-of-perioperative-services-a-repeated-measures-study
#18
Brigid M Gillespie, Emma Harbeck, Evelyn Kang, Catherine Steel, Nicole Fairweather, Wendy Chaboyer
Objective The aim of the present study was to describe process changes in surgical team performance and team members' attitudes to safety culture following hospital relocation and expansion of perioperative services.Methods The study was a naturalistic study using structured observations and surveys to assess non-technical skills (NTS; i.e. communication, teamwork, situational awareness, decision making and leadership) in surgery. This interrupted time series design used mixed-linear regression models to examine the effect of phase (before and after hospital relocation) on surgical teams' NTS and their processes that may affect performance...
August 10, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790920/effect-of-cognitive-style-on-learning-and-retrieval-of-navigational-environments
#19
Maddalena Boccia, Francesca Vecchione, Laura Piccardi, Cecilia Guariglia
Field independence (FI) has been found to correlate with a wide range of cognitive processes requiring cognitive restructuring. Cognitive restructuring, that is going beyond the information given by the setting, is pivotal in creating stable mental representations of the environment, the so-called "cognitive maps," and it affects visuo-spatial abilities underpinning environmental navigation. Here we evaluated whether FI, by fostering cognitive restructuring of environmental cues on the basis of an internal frame of reference, affects the learning and retrieval of a novel environment...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780563/implementing-a-multi-modal-support-service-model-for-the-family-caregivers-of-persons-with-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Bamini Gopinath, Ashley Craig, Annette Kifley, Gerald Liew, Jaye Bloffwitch, Kim Van Vu, Nichole Joachim, Rob Cummins, Julie Heraghty, Timothy Broady, Alison Hayes, Paul Mitchell
INTRODUCTION: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness and low vision among older adults. Previous research shows a high prevalence of distress and disruption to the lifestyle of family caregivers of persons with late AMD. This supports existing evidence that caregivers are 'hidden patients' at risk of poor health outcomes. There is ample scope for improving the support available to caregivers, and further research should be undertaken into developing services that are tailored to the requirements of family caregivers of persons with AMD...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
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