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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716769/web-based-therapist-training-in-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-depression-pilot-study
#1
Kenneth A Kobak, Joshua D Lipsitz, John C Markowitz, Kathryn L Bleiberg
BACKGROUND: Training mental health professionals to deliver evidence-based therapy (EBT) is now required by most academic accreditation bodies, and evaluating the effectiveness of such training is imperative. However, shortages of time, money, and trained EBT clinician teachers make these challenges daunting. New technologies may help. The authors have developed the first empirically evaluated comprehensive Internet therapist training program for interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine whether (1) the training protocol would increase clinicians' knowledge of IPT concepts and skills and (2) clinicians would deem the training feasible as measured by satisfaction and utility ratings...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716560/integrated-mental-health-training-for-pediatric-and-psychology-trainees-using-standardized-patient-encounters
#2
Sandra H Jee, Constance Baldwin, Rita Dadiz, Marybeth Jones, Linda Alpert-Gillis
Primary care pediatricians and psychology practitioners who co-manage mental health problems can develop interdisciplinary communication and collaborative skills from joint standardized patient encounters and debriefings, combined with brief didactics. Learners demonstrated increased confidence in shared management of behavior health problems.
July 14, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715481/a-preliminary-evaluation-of-the-training-effects-of-a-didactic-and-simulation-based-psychological-first-aid-program-in-students-and-school-counselors-in-south-korea
#3
Jong-Sun Lee, Sungeun You, Yun-Kyeung Choi, Hyae-Young Youn, Hye Sook Shin
The present study aimed to examine the training effects of a didactic and simulation-based psychological first aid (PFA) program. Based on the competency-based model, the study sought to examine whether the PFA training would enhance knowledge, skills, and attitudes. Study 1 examined the training effects of the PFA program in a sample of undergraduate and graduate students in psychology. Study 2 was conducted with school counselors. In both studies, all participants completed a one-day PFA workshop with a 3-hour didactic lecture and a 3-hour simulation-based practice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709022/comparing-brief-interventions-for-suicidal-individuals-not-engaged-in-treatment-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Erin F Ward-Ciesielski, Julia A Tidik, Amanda J Edwards, Marsha M Linehan
BACKGROUND: Non-treatment-engaged individuals experiencing suicidal thoughts have been largely overlooked in the intervention literature, despite reviews suggesting most individuals who die by suicide were not in treatment immediately prior to their death. Most intervention studies recruit individuals from treatment providers, potentially neglecting those individuals who are not already engaged in services. These individuals clearly represent a group in need of additional empirical attention...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708697/simultaneous-physical-and-mental-effort-alters-visual-function
#5
Jesús Vera, Raimundo Jiménez, José Antonio García, David Cárdenas
PURPOSE: Perceptual processing is sensitive to physiological changes. Thus, the homeostatic disturbances during and after exercise may alter the visual function. Here, we investigated the effect of simultaneous physical effort and two levels of cognitive demand on skills related to the visuoperceptual and motor processing. METHODS: Eighteen male regular exercisers performed 60 minutes of simultaneous physical exercise (cycling at 60 ± 5% of reserve heart rate) and cognitive effort (mental workload)...
July 14, 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707231/a-medical-student-run-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-clinic-one-institution-s-experience
#6
Cassandra A Murzl, Tyler A Durns, Lorin T Mowrey, Andrew S Tubbs, Sally A Boeve
OBJECTIVE: This report examines the experience of one institution's development of the first student-run psychiatry clinic that serves both adult and pediatric populations. METHODS: The clinic is held weekly with pre-clinical and clinical medical student volunteers under the supervision of board-certified adult and child psychiatrists. The development and evolution of the clinic over time are evaluated with particular attention to obstacles overcome. Medical student volunteers were surveyed retrospectively to evaluate their experience with patients with psychiatric illness, skill development, and interest in psychiatry...
July 13, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701497/teaching-neurology-to-medical-students-with-a-simplified-version-of-team-based-learning
#7
Jochen Brich, Meike Jost, Peter Brüstle, Marianne Giesler, Michel Rijntjes
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of a simplified version of team-based learning (sTBL), an active learning/small group instructional strategy, with that of the traditionally used small group interactive seminars on the acquisition of knowledge and clinical reasoning (CR) skills. METHODS: Third- and fourth-year medical students (n = 122) were randomly distributed into 2 groups. A crossover design was used in which 2 neurologic topics were taught by sTBL and 2 by small group interactive seminars...
July 12, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699393/mental-health-promotion-competencies-in-the-health-sector-in-finland-a-qualitative-study-of-the-views-of-professionals
#8
Nina Tamminen, Pia Solin, Eija Stengård, Lasse Kannas, Tarja Kettunen
AIMS: In this study, we aimed to investigate what competencies are needed for mental health promotion in health sector practice in Finland. METHODS: A qualitative study was carried out to seek the views of mental health professionals regarding mental health promotion-related competencies. The data were collected via two focus groups and a questionnaire survey of professionals working in the health sector in Finland. The focus groups consisted of a total of 13 professionals...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697856/demographic-and-clinical-correlates-of-substance-use-disorders-in-first-episode-psychosis
#9
Mary F Brunette, Kim T Mueser, Steven Babbin, Piper Meyer-Kalos, Robert Rosenheck, Christoph U Correll, Corrine Cather, Delbert G Robinson, Nina R Schooler, David L Penn, Jean Addington, Sue E Estroff, Jennifer Gottlieb, Shirley M Glynn, Patricia Marcy, James Robinson, John M Kane
BACKGROUND: We assessed the prevalence and correlates of lifetime substance use disorders in people with first episode psychosis using the baseline data from the Recovery After an Initial Schizophrenia Episode (RAISE) Early Treatment Program study. METHODS: Research staff assessed 404 first episode patients at 34 community mental health centers across the United States with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV for diagnoses of psychotic and substance use disorders...
July 8, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693468/the-self-regulated-learning-of-medical-students-in-the-clinical-environment-a-scoping-review
#10
Kenneth K Cho, Brahm Marjadi, Vicki Langendyk, Wendy Hu
BACKGROUND: Self-regulated learning is the individual's ability to effectively use various strategies to reach their learning goals. We conducted this scoping review to explore what has been found regarding self-regulated learning in the clinical environment and how this was measured. METHODS: Using Arksey and O'Malley's five-stage framework, we searched three medical and educational databases as well as Google Scholar for literature on the self-regulated learning of medical students in the clinical environment published between 1966 and February 2017...
July 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693454/design-and-methods-for-a-cluster-controlled-trial-conducted-at-sixty-eight-daycare-facilities-evaluating-the-impact-of-jolinchenkids-fit-and-healthy-in-daycare-a-program-for-health-promotion-in-3-to-6-year-old-children
#11
Berit Steenbock, Hajo Zeeb, Stefan Rach, Hermann Pohlabeln, Claudia R Pischke
BACKGROUND: The prevention of overweight and obesity during infancy is a highly relevant public health topic given the significant impact of childhood obesity on acute and chronic diseases, general health, and well-being in later stages of life. Apart from the family setting, daycare facilities (DFs) represent a key setting for health promotion among children under the age of six years. "JolinchenKids - Fit and Healthy in Daycare" is a multi-component program promoting physical activity (PA), healthy eating, and mental well-being in 3- to 6-year-old preschoolers at DFs, originally designed by the German health insurance AOK...
July 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693392/the-impact-of-leadership-development-on-gp-mental-health-commissioning
#12
Emma Dickerson, Lee-Ann Fenge, Emily Rosenorn-Lanng
Purpose This paper aims to explore the learning needs of general practitioners (GPs) involved in commissioning mental health provision in England, and offer an evaluation of a leadership and commissioning skills development programme for Mental Health Commissioners. Design/methodology/approach Retrospective mixed method, including online mixed method survey, rating participants' knowledge, skills, abilities, semi-structured telephone interviews and third-party questionnaires were used. Results were analysed for significant differences using the Wilcoxon Signed Ranks test...
July 3, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692954/process-variables-predicting-changes-in-adolescent-alcohol-consumption-and-mental-health-symptoms-following-personality-targeted-interventions
#13
Maeve O'Leary-Barrett, Robert O Pihl, Patricia J Conrod
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify key process variables that are associated with changes in alcohol consumption and mental health symptoms over 12months following personality-targeted interventions in youth. METHOD: 154 high-risk youth (aged 12-13years) in 7 Montreal high schools were identified using the Substance Use Risk Profile Scale and participated in personality-matched interventions. Preliminary process variables were identified using a combination of psychotherapy process variables and youth-generated (qualitative) feedback immediately post-intervention...
July 4, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691260/semantic-fluency-in-deaf-children-who-use-spoken-and-signed-language-in-comparison-with-hearing-peers
#14
C R Marshall, A Jones, A Fastelli, J Atkinson, N Botting, G Morgan
BACKGROUND: Deafness has an adverse impact on children's ability to acquire spoken languages. Signed languages offer a more accessible input for deaf children, but because the vast majority are born to hearing parents who do not sign, their early exposure to sign language is limited. Deaf children as a whole are therefore at high risk of language delays. AIMS: We compared deaf and hearing children's performance on a semantic fluency task. Optimal performance on this task requires a systematic search of the mental lexicon, the retrieval of words within a subcategory and, when that subcategory is exhausted, switching to a new subcategory...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685719/motivations-and-training-needs-of-general-practitioner-preceptors
#15
Wen Ren, Nulanbieke Hasenbieke, Ying Liu, Yan Qiu, Zhao-Nong Zhou, Xiao-Yan Mao, Jing-Jing Ren
BACKGROUND: General practitioner (GP) preceptors play an important role in the cultivation of GPs. Many problems exist in the training of GP preceptors. This study aimed to explore the willingness and training needs of GP preceptors and compare the differences between preceptors from general practice and other specialties. METHODS: A total of 375 questionnaire forms were sent to 375 GP preceptors from 11 different provinces, and 344 completed forms were returned...
July 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683565/support-for-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-without-intellectual-impairment-systematic-review
#16
Theo Lorenc, Mark Rodgers, David Marshall, Hollie Melton, Rebecca Rees, Kath Wright, Amanda Sowden
Adults with autism spectrum disorder without intellectual impairment may benefit from a range of support services. This article presents the results of a systematic review assessing the effectiveness of supportive interventions for adults with autism spectrum disorder without intellectual impairment. A total of 32 studies were included; most focused on younger male participants. Although evidence was lacking for most types of intervention, employment programmes and social skills training were found to be effective for more proximal outcomes such as social skills...
June 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682784/the-theoretical-underpinnings-of-internet-addiction-and-its-association-with-psychopathology-in-adolescence
#17
Shawn Taylor, Sirirada Pattara-Angkoon, Schwanagorn Sirirat, Damith Woods
This paper reviews the psychological and theoretical underpinnings that might help to explain the reported relationship between Internet addiction (IA) and psychopathology in both children and adolescents. Drawing on cognitive-behavioural models and social-skills theory, IA shows a strong relationship with depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and time spent using the Internet use. Mixed findings are reported for social anxiety. Loneliness and hostility were also found to be associated with IA...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681446/sources-of-knowledge-and-barriers-of-implementing-evidence-based-practice-among-mental-health-nurses-in-saudi-arabia
#18
Shaher H Hamaideh
PURPOSES: The purposes of this study were to identify the sources of knowledge for nursing practices and to identify the barriers of using "evidence-based practice" (EBP). DESIGN AND METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional design was used to collect data from 164 Saudi mental health nurses by completing the Development of Evidence-Based Practice Questionnaire. FINDINGS: The most frequently used sources of knowledge were relied on social interactions and the nurses' own experiences, while the least frequently used sources were external sources of knowledge and research evidences...
July 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681056/training-eldercare-workers-in-mental-healthcare
#19
Gwen Li Sin, Donald Yeo, Hwan Jing Koh, Jimmy Lee, Li Ling Ng
INTRODUCTION: A significant proportion of older persons requiring support or care services have mental health concerns. There is a need to equip frontline eldercare workers with the necessary skills in caring for older persons with mental illnesses. The Community Psychogeriatric Programme aims to support community eldercare providers with training and consultation. We set out to measure eldercare workers' perceived levels of stress and knowledge on caring for older persons with mental illness before (pre-workshop), immediately after (post-workshop) and three months after (three-month follow-up) undergoing standardised training workshops on dementia and depression...
July 6, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679575/cognitive-flexibility-and-undergraduate-physiology-students-increasing-advanced-knowledge-acquisition-within-an-ill-structured-domain
#20
Ashley E Rhodes, Timothy G Rozell
Cognitive flexibility is defined as the ability to assimilate previously learned information and concepts to generate novel solutions to new problems. This skill is crucial for success within ill-structured domains such as biology, physiology, and medicine, where many concepts are simultaneously required for understanding a complex problem, yet the problem consists of patterns or combinations of concepts that are not consistently used or needed across all examples. To succeed within ill-structured domains, a student must possess a certain level of cognitive flexibility: rigid thought processes and prepackaged informational retrieval schemes relying on rote memorization will not suffice...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
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