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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238815/measurement-of-functional-cognition-and-complex-everyday-activities-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-mild-dementia-validity-of-the-large-allen-s-cognitive-level-screen
#1
Jacqueline Wesson, Lindy Clemson, John D Crawford, Nicole A Kochan, Henry Brodaty, Simone Reppermund
OBJECTIVE: To explore the validity of the Large Allen's Cognitive Level Screen-5 (LACLS-5) as a performance-based measure of functional cognition, representing an ability to perform complex everyday activities in older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and mild dementia living in the community. METHODS: Using cross-sectional data from the Sydney Memory and Ageing Study, 160 community-dwelling older adults with normal cognition (CN; N = 87), MCI (N = 43), or dementia (N = 30) were studied...
January 4, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236309/best-practice-in-individual-supervision-of-psychologists-working-in-the-french-capedp-preventive-perinatal-home-visiting-program-results-of-a-delphi-consensus-process
#2
Tim Greacen, Bertrand Welniarz, Diane Purper-Ouakil, Jaqueline Wendland, Romain Dugravier, Thomas Saïas, Susana Tereno, Florence Tubach, Alain Haddad, Antoine Guedeney
Individual supervision of home-visiting professionals has proved to be a key element for perinatal home-visiting programs. Although studies have been published concerning quality criteria for supervision in North American contexts, little is known about this subject in other national settings. In the context of the CAPEDP program (Compétences parentales et Attachement dans la Petite Enfance: Diminution des risques liés aux troubles de santé mentale et Promotion de la résilience; Parental Skills and Attachment in Early Childhood: Reducing Mental Health Risks and Promoting Resilience), the first randomized controlled perinatal mental health promotion research program to take place in France, this article describes the results of a study using the Delphi consensus method to identify the program supervisors' points of view concerning best practice for the individual supervision of home visitors involved in such programs...
February 25, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236157/toward-creating-synergy-among-policy-procedures-and-implementation-of-evidence-based-models-in-child-welfare-systems-two-case-examples
#3
REVIEW
Patricia Chamberlain
Over the past four to five decades, multiple randomized controlled trials have verified that preventive interventions targeting key parenting skills can have far-reaching effects on improving a diverse array of child outcomes. Further, these studies have shown that parenting skills can be taught, and they are malleable. Given these advances, prevention scientists are in a position to make solid empirically based recommendations to public child service systems on using parent-mediated interventions to optimize positive outcomes for the children and families that they serve...
February 24, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236053/almost-psychiatry-the-impact-of-teaching-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-studies-to-undergraduate-college-students
#4
Ursula Diamond, Christina A Di Bartolo, Emily Badin, Jess P Shatkin
OBJECTIVE: The Child and Adolescent Mental Health Studies (CAMS) program is housed in a Liberal Arts undergraduate college of a large research university. Psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, and social workers at the university's medical center teach the courses. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the extent to which CAMS encourages graduates of the program to pursue a career in child and adolescent mental health (CAMH). METHODS: In 2015-2016, graduates of the CAMS program were invited to participate in a mixed methods study...
February 24, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235388/factors-influencing-the-suicide-intervention-skills-of-emergency-medical-services-providers
#5
Aidana Lygnugaryte-Griksiene, Darius Leskauskas, Nedas Jasinskas, Agne Masiukiene
BACKGROUND: Lithuania currently has the highest suicide rate in Europe and the fifth highest worldwide. AIMS: To identify the factors that influence the suicide intervention skills of emergency medical services (EMS) providers (doctors, nurses, paramedics). METHOD: Two hundred and sixty-eight EMS providers participated in the research. The EMS providers were surveyed both prior to their training in suicide intervention and six months later...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231682/unmet-needs-of-the-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#6
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a disabling mental disorder with the chronic and difficult course. The disorder is accompanied by numerous limitations in personal and interpersonal functioning. OCD decreases the quality of life and the chance to maintain relationships and professional status. The patients with OCD often experience a severe disabling course of the disorder. Even the individuals, who follow treatment advice, are often still highly symptomatic. In the last decade, the concept of the needs has been assessed as an extent of the traditional outcome evaluation in order to focus on the identification of the specific needs of the patients and their relatives, improve the patients´ overall mental condition and quality of life, and also to increase the treatment effectiveness of the mental disorders...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230751/the-feasibility-of-embedding-data-collection-into-the-routine-service-delivery-of-a-multi-component-program-for-high-risk-young-people
#7
Alice Knight, Alys Havard, Anthony Shakeshaft, Myfanwy Maple, Mieke Snijder, Bernie Shakeshaft
BACKGROUND: There is little evidence about how to improve outcomes for high-risk young people, of whom Indigenous young people are disproportionately represented, due to few evaluation studies of interventions. One way to increase the evidence is to have researchers and service providers collaborate to embed evaluation into the routine delivery of services, so program delivery and evaluation occur simultaneously. This study aims to demonstrate the feasibility of integrating best-evidence measures into the routine data collection processes of a service for high-risk young people, and identify the number and nature of risk factors experienced by participants...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230626/resiliency-and-quality-of-life-trajectories-after-injury
#8
Ben L Zarzaur, Teresa M Bell, Stephen A Zanskas
BACKGROUND: Injury can greatly impact patients' long-term quality of life. Resilience refers to an individual's ability to positively adapt after facing stress or trauma. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between pre-injury resiliency scores and quality of life after injury. METHODS: 225 adults admitted with an injury severity score > 10 but without neurological injury were included. The SF-36 was administered at the time of admission and repeated at 1, 2, 4 and 12 months after injury...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225325/application-of-mental-skills-training-in-surgery-a-review-of-its-effectiveness-and-proposed-next-steps
#9
Nicholas E Anton, Eric A Bean, Samuel C Hammonds, Dimitrios Stefanidis
INTRODUCTION: Mental skills training, which refers to the teaching of performance enhancement and stress management psychological strategies, may benefit surgeons. Our objective was to review the application of mental skills training in surgery and contrast it to other domains, examine the effectiveness of this approach in enhancing surgical performance and reducing stress, and provide future directions for mental skills training in surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search of MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, and ClinicalKey was performed between 1996 and 2016...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223959/time-does-not-help-orangutans-pongo-abelii-solve-physical-problems
#10
Johan Lind, Sofie Lönnberg, Tomas Persson, Magnus Enquist
Many questions in animal intelligence and cognition research are challenging. One challenge is to identify mechanisms underlying reasoning in experiments. Here, we provide a way to design such tests in non-human animals. We know from research in skill acquisition in humans that reasoning and thinking can take time because some problems are processed in multiple steps before a solution is reached (e.g., during mental arithmetics). If animals are able to learn through similar processes their decision making can be time consuming, and most importantly improve if more time to process information is allowed...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218928/innovative-mental-health-clinical-placement-developing-nurses-relationship-skills
#11
Dana Perlman, Ellie Taylor, Lorna Moxham, Chris Patterson, Renee Brighton, Tim Heffernan, Susan Sumskis
Engagement in clinical placements is mandatory for all pre-registration nursing programs. Although clinical placements can be valuable, recent literature illustrates that placements within a mental health setting can vary in their educational development. The aim of the current study was to examine the potential learning benefit of 20 pre-registration nursing students in an innovative, university-accredited mental health clinical placement called Recovery Camp. Recovery Camp is a 5-day immersive clinical placement, grounded in therapeutic recreation, which involves all participants engaging in a variety of activities focused on enhancing personal recovery...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215391/childhood-trauma-related-alterations-in-brain-function-during-a-theory-of-mind-task-in-schizophrenia
#12
Yann Quidé, Xin H Ong, Sebastian Mohnke, Knut Schnell, Henrik Walter, Vaughan J Carr, Melissa J Green
Childhood trauma is a risk factor for schizophrenia that affects brain functions associated with higher cognitive processes, including social cognition. Alterations in Theory-of-Mind (ToM), or mentalizing skills, are a hallmark feature of schizophrenia, and are also evident in individuals exposed to childhood trauma. However, the impact of childhood trauma exposure on brain function during social cognition in schizophrenia remains unclear. We thus examined the association between childhood trauma and brain function during the performance of a ToM task in 47 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder...
February 15, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215377/healthy-empowered-youth-a-positive-youth-development-program-for-native-youth
#13
Stephanie N Craig Rushing, Nichole L Hildebrandt, Carol J Grimes, Amanda J Rowsell, Benjamin C Christensen, William E Lambert
INTRODUCTION: During 2010-2012, Oregon Health & Science University's Prevention Research Center, a Northwest Tribe, and the Northwest Portland Area Indian Health Board, collaborated to evaluate the Healthy & Empowered Youth Project, a school- and community-based positive youth development program for American Indian and Alaska Native high school students. METHODS: The Native STAND (Students Together Against Negative Decisions) curriculum was enhanced with hands-on learning activities in media design to engage students in sexual and reproductive health topics covered by the curriculum...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215111/nursing-students-reflections-after-meetings-with-patients-and-their-relatives-enacted-by-professional-actors-being-touched-and-feeling-empathy
#14
Anja Söderberg, Johanna Karlsson Sundbaum, Åsa Engström
When professional actors have been used in mental health simulations with nursing students, the experience has been regarded as a meaningful contribution to their education and described as a safe way of experiencing challenging situations that can occur in clinical settings. The aim was to study nursing students' reflections after meetings with nursing patients and their relatives, as enacted by professional actors, in psychiatric/elderly care. The design was a qualitative descriptive research approach. Gibbs's ( 1988 ) reflective cycle was the basis for the questions that were asked...
February 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213122/improvement-of-mindfulness-skills-during-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-predicts-long-term-reductions-of-neuroticism-in-persons-with-recurrent-depression-in-remission
#15
Philip Spinhoven, Marloes J Huijbers, Johan Ormel, Anne E M Speckens
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether changes in mindfulness skills following Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) are predictive of long-term changes in personality traits. METHODS: Using data from the MOMENT study, we included 278 participants with recurrent depression in remission allocated to Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT). Mindfulness skills were measured with the FFMQ at baseline, after treatment and at 15-month follow-up and personality traits with the NEO-PI-R at baseline and follow-up...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212481/-workplace-bullying-during-specialty-training-in-a-pediatric-hospital-in-mexico-a-little-noticed-phenomenon
#16
Ana Carolina Sepúlveda-Vildósola, Alma Rebeca Mota-Nova, Germán Enrique Fajardo-Dolci, L Isabel Reyes-Lagunes
BACKGROUND: Workplace bullying (WB) is a hostile or intimidating behavior that is practiced against workers and has a negative impact on health, job performance, and the learning process. The objective was to research WB magnitude and its associated factors in Mexico. METHODS: Mixed method study. A survey was designed and administered to all the residents in a pediatric hospital in Mexico who agreed to participate. The survey was divided in two sections: a) resident self-reported events of workplace bullying and associated factors, b) situations and factors of abuse were interrogated in a targeted manner...
2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196523/does-improvement-in-self-management-skills-predict-improvement-in-quality-of-life-and-depressive-symptoms-a-prospective-study-in-patients-with-heart-failure-up-to-one-year-after-self-management-education
#17
Gunda Musekamp, Michael Schuler, Bettina Seekatz, Jürgen Bengel, Hermann Faller, Karin Meng
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) patient education aims to foster patients' self-management skills. These are assumed to bring about, in turn, improvements in distal outcomes such as quality of life. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that change in self-reported self-management skills observed after participation in self-management education predicts changes in physical and mental quality of life and depressive symptoms up to one year thereafter. METHODS: The sample comprised 342 patients with chronic heart failure, treated in inpatient rehabilitation clinics, who received a heart failure self-management education program...
February 15, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194600/vocational-counselors-in-france-comparison-to-competencies-of-employment-specialists-working-in-canadian-ips-programs
#18
Inès de Pierrefeu, Marc Corbière, Bernard Pachoud
Supported employment programs are evidence-based practices to help people with severe mental illness to obtain competitive employment. The competencies of employment specialists working in these programs are key elements related to work integration. In France, the Messidor Association, a prevocational organisation, has developed a practice with similarities to supported employment and is beginning to develop supported employment programs in their context. The objective of this quantitative study was to evaluate the Messidor vocational counselors' competencies using the Behaviors, Attitudes and Knowledge in Employment Specialists' scale by comparing their results to those of employment specialists working in IPS programs in Canada...
February 14, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187370/language-comprehension-in-children-adolescents-and-adults-with-down-syndrome
#19
Bernadette Witecy, Martina Penke
BACKGROUND: There is conflicting evidence as to whether receptive language abilities of individuals with Down syndrome (DS) continue to improve into adulthood, reach a plateau in late adolescence, or even start to decline. AIM: The study aims to shed light on the question whether receptive syntactic skills change from childhood/adolescence to adulthood and provides a detailed qualitative analysis of the receptive abilities of adults with DS. METHODS: 58 individuals with DS participated in the study: 31 children/adolescents (aged: 4;6-19;0 years) and 27 adults (aged: 20;8-40;3 years)...
March 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185560/inequalities-in-socio-economic-characteristics-and-health-and-wellbeing-of-men-with-and-without-disabilities-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-baseline-wave-of-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-male-health
#20
Anne M Kavanagh, Zoe Aitken, Eric Emerson, Sash Sahabandu, Allison Milner, Rebecca Bentley, Anthony D LaMontagne, Jane Pirkis, David Studdert
BACKGROUND: Internationally, men with disabilities have higher rates of social and economic disadvantage and poorer health and wellbeing than men without disabilities. No single study has provided comprehensive, population-level information about the magnitude of such differences among adult men using a well-validated instrument to measure disability. METHODS: We analysed baseline data from Ten to Men - an Australian longitudinal study of male health. Ten to Men used a stratified multi-stage cluster random sample design to recruit a national sample of males aged 10 to 55 years residing in private dwellings...
October 31, 2016: BMC Public Health
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