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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159890/whole-exome-sequencing-reveals-a-mutation-in-armc9-as-a-cause-of-mental-retardation-ptosis-and-polydactyly
#1
Anjana Kar, Shubha R Phadke, Aneek Das Bhowmik, Ashwin Dalal
Intellectual disability (ID) refers to deficits in mental abilities, social behavior, and motor skills to perform activities of daily living as compared to peers. Numerous genetic and environmental factors may be responsible for ID. We report on elucidation of molecular basis for syndromic ID associated with ptosis, polydactyly, and MRI features suggestive of Joubert syndrome using homozygosity mapping followed by exome sequencing. The analysis revealed a novel synonymous variation p.T293T (c.879G>A) which leads to a splicing defect in ARMC9 gene...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156335/thyroid-disruption-and-reduced-mental-development-in-children-from-an-informal-e-waste-recycling-area-a-mediation-analysis
#2
Lian Liu, Bo Zhang, Kun Lin, Yuling Zhang, Xijin Xu, Xia Huo
This paper aims to evaluate the effects of thyroid disruption on the mental development of children. A total of 258 three-year-old children in Guiyu (e-waste-exposed group) and Nanao (reference group), China were examined. FT3, FT4, TSH, lead (BPb) and cadmium (BCd) in blood were determined, and cognitive and language scores of children were assessed based on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development III. Stepwise multiple regression was used to estimate the relationship between heavy metals and cognitive and language scores; mediation analysis was performed to determine whether thyroid disruption was mechanistically involved...
November 13, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154489/characteristics-of-prisoners-with-intellectual-disabilities
#3
E Chaplin, J McCarthy, L Underwood, A Forrester, H Hayward, J Sabet, R Mills, S Young, P Asherson, D Murphy
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found high rates of intellectual disabilities (ID) in prison. However, little is understood about prisoners with ID. This study aimed to identify prisoners with ID and compare their characteristics with prisoners without neurodevelopmental disorders with regard to demographic profile, mental health, suicide risk and offences. METHOD: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study carried out using face-to-face interviews with 240 participants in a London Category C prison...
December 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153459/-intrafamilial-disruptive-behaviour-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-present-data-and-treatment-prospects
#4
E Bousquet, N Franc, C Ha, D Purper-Ouakil
Child-to-parent violence is a form of family violence that is still a well-kept secret. Abused parents can be victims of different types of abuse. Children can use both physical and psychological violence such as financial threats to take control of the home. In this situation, parents often no longer dare to contradict their children by fear of triggering uncontrollable violence. Although the phenomenon recently drew the attention of the media, there is still little knowledge about its prevalence and clinical characteristics...
November 16, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153250/mental-skills-training-effectively-minimizes-operative-performance-deterioration-under-stressful-conditions-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-study
#5
N E Anton, J Beane, A M Yurco, L D Howley, E Bean, E M Myers, D Stefanidis
BACKGROUND: Stress can negatively impact surgical performance, but mental skills may help. We hypothesized that a comprehensive mental skills curriculum (MSC) would minimize resident performance deterioration under stress. METHODS: Twenty-four residents were stratified then randomized to receive mental skills and FLS training (MSC group), or only FLS training (control group). Laparoscopic suturing skill was assessed on a live porcine model with and without external stressors...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151851/participation-in-mental-healthcare-a-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#6
REVIEW
Norman J Stomski, Paul Morrison
Background: Facilitation of service user participation in the co-production of mental healthcare planning and service delivery is an integral component of contemporary mental health policy and clinical guidelines. However, many service users continue to experience exclusion from the planning of their care. This review synthesizes qualitative research about participation in mental healthcare and articulates essential processes that enable service user participation in mental health care...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149850/a-cross-sectional-examination-of-psychological-distress-positive-mental-health-and-their-predictors-in-medical-students-in-their-clinical-clerkships
#7
Inge van Dijk, Peter L B J Lucassen, Chris van Weel, Anne E M Speckens
BACKGROUND: Medical students can experience the transition from theory to clinical clerkships as stressful. Scientific literature on the mental health of clinical clerkship students is scarce and mental health is usually defined as absence of psychological distress without assessing psychological, emotional and social wellbeing, together called 'positive mental health'. This cross-sectional study examines the prevalence of psychological distress and positive mental health and explores possible predictors in a Dutch sample of clinical clerkship students...
November 17, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149519/early-executive-dysfunction-in-asd-simple-versus-complex-skills
#8
Nancy Garon, Isabel M Smith, Susan E Bryson
Despite the strong evidence of executive function (EF) impairment in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), findings in the preschool period have been inconsistent. Whereas some research has supported an early deficit, many studies have not found early differences in EF. The present study assessed simple and complex components of three EF abilities: working memory, inhibition, and shifting, using a novel battery, the Preschool EF Battery (PEFB; Garon, Smith & Bryson, Child Neuropsychology, 20, 713-736, 2014). Previous research has indicated that the PEFB is sensitive to age differences in typically developing (TD) children aged 18-60 months...
November 17, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148602/nurses-professional-stigma-and-attitudes-towards-postpartum-women-with-severe-mental-illness
#9
Revital Ordan, Ron Shor, Michal Liebergall-Wischnitzer, Lawrence M Noble, Anita Noble
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine professional stigma and attitudes of parenthood towards postpartum women with severe mental illness and the association between postpartum nurses' attitudes and nursing interventions that promote motherhood. BACKGROUND: Stigma and attitudes toward parenthood of women with severe mental illness may influence nurses' clinical practices. DESIGN: Cross sectional, mixed methods. METHODS: The Stigma among Health Professionals towards People with Severe Mental Illness, Attitudes towards Parenthood among People with Severe Mental Illness and Nursing Interventions that Promote Becoming a Mother Questionnaires were used in the study, as well as qualitative analysis...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143904/exploring-peer-support-needs-of-caregivers-for-youth-with-mental-illness-or-addictions-concerns-in-family-navigation-services
#10
R Markoulakis, M Turner, K Wicik, S Weingust, K Dobbin, A Levitt
Roles for peer support workers are increasingly recognized as a valuable component of mental health and addictions (MHA) services. In youth MHA care, caregivers are often closely involved in finding and accessing services and may also require support for themselves, yet caregiver peer support is not readily available in existing service delivery models. In order to understand the potential role and value of a caregiver peer support worker in a Family Navigation service, a descriptive qualitative study was conducted to explore the needs and potential value of a peer worker from caregiver client perspectives...
November 16, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140460/a-meta-analysis-of-social-skills-training-and-related-interventions-for-psychosis
#11
David T Turner, Edel McGlanaghy, Pim Cuijpers, Mark van der Gaag, Eirini Karyotaki, Angus MacBeth
Objective: Evidence suggests that social skills training (SST) is an efficacious intervention for negative symptoms in psychosis, whereas evidence of efficacy in other psychosis symptom domains is limited. The current article reports a comprehensive meta-analytic review of the evidence for SST across relevant outcome measures, control comparisons, and follow-up assessments. The secondary aim of this study was to identify and investigate the efficacy of SST subtypes. Methods: A systematic literature search identified 27 randomized controlled trials including N = 1437 participants...
November 11, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137902/effects-of-opioid-medications-on-cognitive-skills-among-emergency-department-patients
#12
Catherine A Marco, Dennis Mann, Jordan Rasp, Michael Ballester, Oswald Perkins, Michael B Holbrook, Kyle Rako
INTRODUCTION: Treatment for pain and related conditions has been identified as the most common reason for Emergency Department (ED) visits. Concerns exist regarding the effects of opioid pain medications on cognition and patient ability to consent for procedures, hospital admission, or to refuse recommended medical interventions. This study was undertaken to identify cognitive skills before and after opioid pain medication in the ED setting. METHODS: This was a prospective study comparing performance on the Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) before and after administration of opioid pain medications...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134557/advancing-care-within-an-adult-mental-health-day-hospital-program-re-design-and-evaluation
#13
Marlene Taube-Schiff, Adrienne Mehak, Sandy Marangos, Anastasia Kalim, Thomas Ungar
Day hospital mental health programs provide alternate care to individuals of high acuity that do not require an inpatient psychiatric stay. Ensuring provision of best practice within these programs is essential for patient stabilization and recovery. However, there is scant literature to review when creating such a program. This paper provides an overview of the steps an acute care hospital took when designing and implementing new programming within a day hospital program. Qualitative data was collected following initial program rollout...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134446/cleaner-fish-labroides-dimidiatus-discriminate-numbers-but-fail-a-mental-number-line-test
#14
Zegni Triki, Redouan Bshary
Several species of primates, including humans, possess a spontaneous spatial mental arrangement (i.e. mental number line MNL) of increasing numbers or continuous quantities from left to right. This cognitive process has recently been documented in domestic chicken in a spatial-numerical task, opening the possibility that MNL is a cognitive capacity that has been conserved across vertebrate taxa. In this scenario, fish might possess the MNL as well. Here we investigated whether cleaner fish Labroides dimidiatus show evidence for MNL in two experiments...
November 13, 2017: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133284/the-association-of-health-literacy-and-electronic-health-literacy-with-self-efficacy-coping-and-caregiving-perceptions-among-carers-of-people-with-dementia-research-protocol-for-a-descriptive-correlational-study
#15
Areti Efthymiou, Nicos Middleton, Andreas Charalambous, Evridiki Papastavrou
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, electronic health (eHealth) literacy has attracted the attention of the scientific community, as it is associated with the self-management of patients with chronic diseases and the quality and cost of care. It is estimated that 80% of people with chronic diseases are cared for at home by a family member, friend, or relative. Informal carers are susceptible to physical and mental health problems, as well as social and financial hardships. Nevertheless, there seems to be a research gap in terms of carers' needs, skills, and available resources in the age of new technologies, with the vital role of eHealth literacy of the carers remaining unexplored...
November 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132250/the-influence-of-pilates-exercises-on-body-balance-in-the-standing-position-of-hearing-impaired-people
#16
Jagoda Walowska, Bartosz Bolach, Eugeniusz Bolach
PURPOSE: Hearing impairment may affect the body posture maintenance. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of modified Pilates exercise program on the body posture maintenance in hearing impaired people. METHODS: Eighty students (aged 13-24) were enrolled and randomly allocated into two groups: test group (n = 41) which attended an original program based on modified Pilates exercises and control group (n = 39) which attended standard physical education classes...
November 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130870/modern-technology-to-support-carers-of-care-recipients-with-dementia-or-functional-mental-illness-promising-progress-but-a-long-road-ahead
#17
Nicola T Lautenschlager, Janine Diehl-Schmid, Samantha M Loi, Johannes Mayer, Maria Tensil, Alexander F Kurz
There is no doubt that family carers who look after a family member with dementia or with a functional mental illness fulfill an important role, not only for their loved one, but also for the health and aged care systems of the countries they live in. Due to increasing life expectancy, but also improved healthcare the number of family carers supporting older care recipients with functional mental illness or dementia is on the rise. While the carer role often can offer rewarding experiences caregivers are at increased risk of stress, depression, sleep problems, and often experience poor health outcomes with increased morbidity and mortality (Oyebode, 2003)...
December 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128998/technology-use-and-its-association-with-health-and-depressive-symptoms-in-older-cancer-survivors
#18
Hee Yun Lee, Jeehoon Kim, Monica Sharratt
PURPOSE: Acknowledging the expanding influence of technology in the promotion of health and wellness, this study assessed the role of information and communication technology (ICT) use in the lives of older cancer survivors. METHODS: A community sample of cancer survivors aged 65 and older (N = 1411) was extracted from a 2011 U.S. National Health and Aging Trends Study dataset. Weighted multiple regression and multinomial logistic regression analyses were performed to explore the relationships between survey respondents' ICT use and their self-rated health status and depressive symptoms...
November 11, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128195/-what-support-of-young-presenting-a-first-psychotic-episode-when-schooling-is-being-challenged
#19
M-N Vacheron, H Veyrat-Masson, E Wehbe
Psychiatric disorders (more specifically mood disorders and psychosis) represent the 1st cause of disability among young people. Unemployment rate between 75 to 95% for the person with schizophrenia. It is correlated to poor social integration and bad economic status, worse symptomatology loss of autonomy as well as global bad functioning. It is responsible of more than half of the overall cost of psychosis. The onset of most of psychiatric disorders occur between the age of 25 and 35 years old, a critical time in young adult life when they should build their professional as well as social future...
November 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126347/language-profiles-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-community-sample-using-multiple-assessment-instruments
#20
Rose Nevill, Darren Hedley, Mirko Uljarević, Ensu Sahin, Johanna Zadek, Eric Butter, James A Mulick
This study investigated language profiles in a community-based sample of 104 children aged 1-3 years who had been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.) diagnostic criteria. Language was assessed with the Mullen scales, Preschool Language Scale, fifth edition, and Vineland-II parent-report. The study aimed to determine whether the receptive-to-expressive language profile is independent from the assessment instrument used, and whether nonverbal cognition, early communicative behaviors, and autism spectrum disorder symptoms predict language scores...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
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