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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785584/interferon-free-therapy-in-hepatitis-c-virus-hcv-monoinfected-and-hcv-hiv-coinfected-patients-effect-on-cognitive-function-fatigue-and-mental-health
#1
Felix Kleefeld, Sophie Heller, Patrick Ingiliz, Heiko Jessen, Anders Petersen, Ute Kopp, Antje Kraft, Katrin Hahn
The efficacy and safety of interferon-free therapies for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection have been reported. Considering the accumulating evidence for a direct central nervous system infection by HCV, we aim to evaluate the effect of direct acting antivirals (DAA) therapy on cognitive function in HCV patients. We conducted a longitudinal analysis of the cognitive performance of 22 patients (8 HCV+, 14 HCV+/HIV+) who completed neuropsychological testing at baseline and at week 12 after DAA therapy. In 20 patients, we analyzed specific attention parameters derived from an experimental testing based on the Theory of Visual Attention (TVA)...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785174/communication-in-mental-health-nursing-bachelor-students-appraisal-of-a-blended-learning-training-programme-an-exploratory-study
#2
Merete Furnes, Kari Sofie Kvaal, Sevald Høye
Background: It is important that mental health nursing students at Bachelor level obtain effective communication skills. Many students dread the fact that in the mental health field they will encounter patients and relatives with various backgrounds and personalities. Large classes and limited teaching resources in nursing education are challenging. To prepare students for mental health nursing practice, a communication skills course based on the blended learning method was developed and carried out at two different campuses...
2018: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782234/assessing-the-confidence-of-australian-mental-health-practitioners-in-delivering-therapy-to-people-with-intellectual-disability
#3
Anastasia Hronis, Lynette Roberts, Ian Kneebone
Research supports the use of psychological therapies among people with mild to moderate intellectual disability (ID). One barrier to people with ID accessing psychological treatments is the confidence of mental health practitioners. This article explores the confidence of Australian clinicians in providing therapy to people with ID. One hundred and fifty-two psychologists and counselors in Australia completed a survey exploring self-reported confidence when working with clients who have ID and mental health difficulties...
June 2018: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781972/human-trafficking-how-nurses-can-make-a-difference
#4
Meredith Scannell, Andrea E MacDonald, Amanda Berger, Nichole Boyer
Human trafficking is a human rights violation and a global health problem. Victims of human trafficking have medical and mental health sequelae requiring specific healthcare interventions. Healthcare professionals may be the initial contact that these victims make outside the world of trafficking. Healthcare professionals are key agents in the identification of human trafficking, which is essential in eliminating this public health problem. Unfortunately, healthcare professionals are not always able to detect signs of human trafficking...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780672/latent-profiles-of-elite-malaysian-athletes-use-of-psychological-skills-and-techniques-and-relations-with-mental-toughness
#5
Vellapandian Ponnusamy, Robin L J Lines, Chun-Qing Zhang, Daniel F Gucciardi
Background: The majority of past work on athletes' use of psychological skills and techniques (PSTs) has adopted a variable-centered approach in which the statistical relations among study variables are averaged across a sample. However, variable-centered-analyses exclude the possibility that PSTs may be used in tandem or combined in different ways across practice and competition settings. With this empirical gap in mind, the purposes of this study were to identify the number and type of profiles of elite athletes' use of PSTs, and examine differences between these clusters in terms of their self-reported mental toughness...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779553/social-work-student-and-practitioner-roles-in-integrated-care-settings
#6
Erin P Fraher, Erica Lynn Richman, Lisa de Saxe Zerden, Brianna Lombardi
INTRODUCTION: Social workers are increasingly being deployed in integrated medical and behavioral healthcare settings but information about the roles they fill in these settings is not well understood. This study sought to identify the functions that social workers perform in integrated settings and identify where they acquired the necessary skills to perform them. METHODS: Master of social work students (n=21) and their field supervisors (n=21) who were part of a Health Resources and Services Administration-funded program to train and expand the behavioral health workforce in integrated settings were asked how often they engaged in 28 functions, where they learned to perform those functions, and the degree to which their roles overlapped with others on the healthcare team...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779452/a-systematic-review-of-reviews-of-the-outcome-of-severe-neglect-in-underresourced-childcare-institutions
#7
Alan Carr, Hollie Duff, Fiona Craddock
The aim of the systematic review described in this article was to determine the outcomes for individuals exposed to severe neglect in congregate care institutions such as orphanages. In this context, severe neglect refers to failure to meet children's basic physical, developmental, and emotional needs due to inadequate resources. In this systematic review of previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses, searches of 10 databases were conducted, 18 papers that met inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected for review, their quality was assessed, and data were extracted and synthesized...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775874/emotion-regulation-as-a-predictor-of-the-endocrine-autonomic-affective-and-symptomatic-stress-response-and-recovery
#8
Katarina Krkovic, Annika Clamor, Tania M Lincoln
Stress is associated with the development of mental disorders such as depression and psychosis. The ability to regulate emotions is likely to influence how individuals respond to and recover from acute stress, and may thus be relevant to symptom development. To test this, we investigated whether self-reported emotion regulation predicts the endocrine, autonomic, affective, and symptomatic response to and recovery from a stressor. Social-evaluative stress was induced by the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) in N = 67 healthy individuals (53...
April 30, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773254/-the-integration-of-advanced-practice-nurses-in-emergency-departments
#9
Christophe Debout
The saturation of emergency departments due to inappropriate attendance by patients is becoming increasingly commonplace. It often leads to the discontent of users, due to long waiting times, and stretches the hospital staff physically, mentally and psychologically. Innovative organisation models have been developed abroad. They draw on the skills of advanced practice nurses in emergency departments. The impact of these models has been assessed very positively in numerous studies. They improve the quality and safety of care as well as the satisfaction of users...
May 2018: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771757/teaching-mental-health-first-aid-in-the-school-setting-a-novel-approach-to-improving-outcomes-for-common-adolescent-mental-disorders
#10
Laura M Hart, Georgina R Cox, Lucy Lees
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Common adolescent mental disorders, such as depression, often go untreated and severely impact health and educational outcomes. The purpose of this review is to describe what is currently known about school-based mental health interventions and to describe a new intervention, Mental Health First Aid training. RECENT FINDINGS: Universal and selective prevention and treatment programmes have been widely evaluated, though population-level dissemination remains elusive...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770543/impairment-in-toileting-behavior-after-a-stroke
#11
Eri Kawanabe, Makoto Suzuki, Satoshi Tanaka, Shotaro Sasaki, Toyohiro Hamaguchi
AIM: Dependence for toileting is the most problematic aspect for patients after a stroke. However, the relative difficulty of each component of toileting and the predictors for independent performance of these activities are unknown. We investigated these issues in stroke patients using Boltzmann sigmoid and generalized linear modeling. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional correlation study, including 107 adult inpatients, hospitalized for a stroke. We assessed the activity components of toileting, as well as evaluated physical impairment using the Fugl-Meyer Assessment, impairments in balance using the Berg Balance Scale, cognitive impairments using the Mini-Mental State Examination and the presence or absence of unilateral spatial neglect or aphasia...
May 17, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769435/defining-and-quantifying-users-mental-imagery-based-bci-skills-a-first-step
#12
Fabien Lotte, Camille Jeunet
While promising for many applications, Electroencephalography (EEG)-based Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs) are still scarcely used outside laboratories, due to a poor reliability. It is thus necessary to study and fix this reliability issue. Doing so requires the use of appropriate reliability metrics to quantify both the classification algorithm and the BCI user's performances. So far, Classification Accuracy (CA) is the typical metric used for both aspects. However, we argue in this paper that CA is a poor metric to study BCI users' skills...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768430/a-qualitative-study-of-implementation-and-adaptations-to-progressive-tinnitus-management-ptm-delivery
#13
Anaïs Tuepker, Christine Elnitsky, Summer Newell, Tara Zaugg, James A Henry
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus is a common condition, especially prevalent among military Veterans. Progressive Tinnitus Management (PTM) is an interdisciplinary, structured, stepped-care approach to providing clinical services, including teaching coping skills, to people bothered by tinnitus. PTM has been shown to be effective at reducing functional distress, but implementation of the intervention outside of a research setting has not been studied, even though dissemination is underway within the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) system in the United States...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765348/numerical-affordance-influences-action-execution-a-kinematic-study-of-finger-movement
#14
Rosa Rugani, Sonia Betti, Luisa Sartori
Humans represent symbolic numbers as oriented from left to right: the mental number line (MNL). Up to now, scientific studies have mainly investigated the MNL by means of response times. However, the existing knowledge on the MNL can be advantaged by studies on motor patterns while responding to a number. Cognitive representations, in fact, cannot be fully understood without considering their impact on actions. Here we investigated whether a motor response can be influenced by number processing. Participants seated in front of a little soccer goal...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762903/the-role-of-anatomy-computer-assisted-learning-on-spatial-abilities-of-medical-students
#15
Bruno Guimarães, João Firmino-Machado, Stanislav Tsisar, Benedita Viana, Marco Pinto-Sousa, Pedro Vieira-Marques, Ricardo Cruz-Correia, Maria Amélia Ferreira
Currently, medical education context poses different challenges to anatomy, contributing to the introduction of new pedagogical approaches, such as computer-assisted learning (CAL). This approach provides insight into students' learning profiles and skills that enhance anatomy knowledge acquisition. To understand the influence of anatomy CAL on spatial abilities, a study was conducted. A total of 671 medical students attending Musculoskeletal (MA) and Cardiovascular Anatomy (CA) courses, were allocated to one of three groups (MA Group, CA Group, MA + CA Group)...
May 15, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762891/assistants-in-nursing-working-with-mental-health-consumers-in-the-emergency-department
#16
Adam Gerace, Eimear Muir-Cochrane, Deb O'Kane, Leah Couzner, Christine Palmer, Karleen Thornton
Nursing students, regardless of setting, require skills in working with people with mental health issues. One way to provide students with learning opportunities within the context of limited undergraduate mental health content and lack of mental health placements is through employment as assistants in nursing (AIN). The purpose of the study was to investigate the use of AINs employed in an emergency department in South Australia to supervise (continuous observation) mental health consumers on inpatient treatment orders...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752812/training-informal-caregivers-to-care-for-older-people-after-stroke-a-quasi-experimental-study
#17
Odete Araújo, Isabel Lage, José Cabrita, Laetitia Teixeira
AIMS: The present study aimed at evaluating whether training on practical skills involved in providing care reduces the burden experienced by informal caregivers and improves their general health condition. BACKGROUND: A substantial number of informal caregivers lack skills to deliver post-stroke assistance to older people after hospital discharge, which leads to burden situations as well as mental and physical health deterioration of the former. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental design...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751218/coping-strategies-of-caregivers-towards-aggressive-behaviors-of-persons-with-severe-mental-illness
#18
Neethu Bhaskaran Madathumkovilakath, Sindhu Kizhakkeppattu, Saleem Thekekunnath, Firoz Kazhungil
Aggression is one of the chief determinants of caregiver burden in severe mental illnesses. Clinical and treatment implications of aggression in mental illness are predominantly studied in perspectives of mental health care professionals. Coping style of caregivers towards aggression of persons with mental illness is understudied. So we studied coping strategies used by caregivers of patients with severe mental illness towards aggressive behaviors of patients and relationship between aggressive behavior and coping strategies...
April 24, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749785/reducing-restrictive-practice-in-adult-services-not-only-an-issue-for-mental-health-professionals
#19
Greg Hext, Louise L Clark, Andreas Xyrichis
Reducing 'restrictive practices' is an issue of national importance, pertinent to all NHS sectors, yet there is poor awareness of the issue in mainstream adult services. Such practices potentially restrict a person's rights to choice, self-determination, privacy and freedom. Challenging behaviour is often the result of unmet needs, communication difficulties or diagnostic overshadowing, but there is a common misconception that patients exhibit such behaviours because of their impaired intellectual abilities or mental health problems...
May 10, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749301/the-effects-of-stigma-on-determinants-of-mental-health-help-seeking-behaviors-among-male-college-students-an-application-of-the-information-motivation-behavioral-skills-model
#20
Rita DiGioacchino DeBate, Amy Gatto, Gregor Rafal
Considered a public health issue, the prevalence and severity of poor mental well-being on college campuses has continued to rise. While many college campuses offer mental health counseling services, and utilization rates are increasing, their proportional usage is low especially among males, who often deal with poor mental well-being by adopting unhealthy coping strategies. The purpose of this study was to use the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills (IMB) model to assess the relationship between the determinants as factors that may impact help-seeking behaviors in a large sample ( n = 1,242) of male college students...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
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