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RiPPS,genome mining

Kenton J Hetrick, Wilfred A van der Donk
In the past 15 years, the cost of sequencing a genome has plummeted. Consequently, the number of sequenced bacterial genomes has exponentially increased, and methods for natural product discovery have evolved rapidly to take advantage of the wealth of genomic data. This review highlights applications of genome mining software to compare and organize large-scale data sets and methods for identifying unique biosynthetic pathways amongst the thousands of ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptide (RiPP) gene clusters...
March 2, 2017: Current Opinion in Chemical Biology
Jonathan I Tietz, Christopher J Schwalen, Parth S Patel, Tucker Maxson, Patricia M Blair, Hua-Chia Tai, Uzma I Zakai, Douglas A Mitchell
Ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptide (RiPP) natural products are attractive for genome-driven discovery and re-engineering, but limitations in bioinformatic methods and exponentially increasing genomic data make large-scale mining of RiPP data difficult. We report RODEO (Rapid ORF Description and Evaluation Online), which combines hidden-Markov-model-based analysis, heuristic scoring, and machine learning to identify biosynthetic gene clusters and predict RiPP precursor peptides...
May 2017: Nature Chemical Biology
Tobias Baumann, Jessica H Nickling, Maike Bartholomae, Andrius Buivydas, Oscar P Kuipers, Nediljko Budisa
The incorporation of non-canonical amino acids (ncAA) is an elegant way for the chemical diversification of recombinantly produced antimicrobial peptides (AMPs). Residue- and site-specific installation methods in several bacterial production hosts hold great promise for the generation of new-to-nature AMPs, and can contribute to tackle the ongoing emergence of antibiotic resistance in pathogens. Especially from a pharmacological point of view, desirable improvements span pH and protease resistance, solubility, oral availability and circulation half-life...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
Jonathan R Chekan, Joseph D Koos, Chuhan Zong, Mikhail O Maksimov, A James Link, Satish K Nair
Lasso peptides are a class of bioactive ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs), with a threaded knot structure that is formed by an isopeptide bond attaching the N-terminus of the peptide to a side chain carboxylate. Some lasso peptide biosynthetic clusters harbor an enzyme that specifically hydrolyzes the isopeptide bond to yield the linear peptide. We describe here the 2.4 Å resolution structure of a lasso peptide isopeptidase revealing a topologically novel didomain architecture consisting of an open β-propeller appended to an α/β hydrolase domain...
December 21, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Laura M K Dassama, Grace E Kenney, Amy C Rosenzweig
Methanobactins (Mbns) are ribosomally produced, post-translationally modified peptide (RiPP) natural products that bind copper with high affinity using nitrogen-containing heterocycles and thioamide groups. In some methanotrophic bacteria, Mbns are secreted under conditions of copper starvation and then re-internalized as a copper source for the enzyme particulate methane monooxygenase (pMMO). Genome mining studies have led to the identification and classification of operons encoding the Mbn precursor peptide (MbnA) as well as a number of putative transport, regulatory, and biosynthetic proteins...
January 25, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
Liwei Liu, Tingting Hao, Zhoujie Xie, Geoff P Horsman, Yihua Chen
Streptococcus mutans is a major pathogen causing human dental caries. As a Gram-positive bacterium with a small genome (about 2 Mb) it is considered a poor source of natural products. Due to a recent explosion in genomic data available for S. mutans strains, we were motivated to explore the natural product production potential of this organism. Bioinformatic characterization of 169 publically available genomes of S. mutans from human dental caries revealed a surprisingly rich source of natural product biosynthetic gene clusters...
November 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
Michael A Skinnider, Chad W Johnston, Robyn E Edgar, Chris A Dejong, Nishanth J Merwin, Philip N Rees, Nathan A Magarvey
Microbial natural products are an evolved resource of bioactive small molecules, which form the foundation of many modern therapeutic regimes. Ribosomally synthesized and posttranslationally modified peptides (RiPPs) represent a class of natural products which have attracted extensive interest for their diverse chemical structures and potent biological activities. Genome sequencing has revealed that the vast majority of genetically encoded natural products remain unknown. Many bioinformatic resources have therefore been developed to predict the chemical structures of natural products, particularly nonribosomal peptides and polyketides, from sequence data...
October 18, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Osmel Fleitas Martinez, Caleb Mawuli Agbale, Fernanda Nomiyama, Octávio Luiz Franco
Bioactive peptides such as antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), ribosomally synthesized and post translationally modified peptides (RiPPs) and the non-ribosomal peptides (NRPs) have emerged with promising applications in medicine, agriculture and industry. However, their development has been limited by several difficulties making it necessary to search for novel discovery methods. In this context, proteomics has been considered a reliable tool. Areas covered: This review highlights recent developments in proteomic tools that facilitate the discovery of AMPs, RiPPs and NRPs as well as the elucidation of action mechanisms of AMPs and resistance mechanisms of pathogens to them...
October 8, 2016: Expert Review of Proteomics
Xiling Zhao, Wilfred A van der Donk
The discovery of new ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptide natural products (RiPPs) has greatly benefitted from the influx of genomic information. The lanthipeptides are a subset of this class of compounds. Adopting the genome-mining approach revealed a novel lanthipeptide gene cluster encoded in the genome of Ruminococcus flavefaciens FD-1, an anaerobic bacterium that is an important member of the rumen microbiota of livestock. The post-translationally modified peptides were produced via heterologous expression in Escherichia coli...
February 18, 2016: Cell Chemical Biology
Wei Ding, Wan-Qiu Liu, Youli Jia, Yongzhen Li, Wilfred A van der Donk, Qi Zhang
Production of ribosomally synthesized and posttranslationally modified peptides (RiPPs) has rarely been reported in fungi, even though organisms of this kingdom have a long history as a prolific source of natural products. Here we report an investigation of the phomopsins, antimitotic mycotoxins. We show that phomopsin is a fungal RiPP and demonstrate the widespread presence of a pathway for the biosynthesis of a family of fungal cyclic RiPPs, which we term dikaritins. We characterize PhomM as an S-adenosylmethionine-dependent α-N-methyltransferase that converts phomopsin A to an N,N-dimethylated congener (phomopsin E), and show that the methyltransferases involved in dikaritin biosynthesis have evolved differently and likely have broad substrate specificities...
March 29, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Courtney L Cox, James R Doroghazi, Douglas A Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs) are a burgeoning class of natural products with diverse activity that share a similar origin and common features in their biosynthetic pathways. The precursor peptides of these natural products are ribosomally produced, upon which a combination of modification enzymes installs diverse functional groups. This genetically encoded peptide-based strategy allows for rapid diversification of these natural products by mutation in the precursor genes merged with unique combinations of modification enzymes...
October 13, 2015: BMC Genomics
Somayah S Elsayed, Franziska Trusch, Hai Deng, Andrea Raab, Ivan Prokes, Kanungnid Busarakam, Juan A Asenjo, Barbara A Andrews, Pieter van West, Alan T Bull, Michael Goodfellow, Yu Yi, Rainer Ebel, Marcel Jaspars, Mostafa E Rateb
Lasso peptides are ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs) that possess a unique "lariat knot" structural motif. Genome mining-targeted discovery of new natural products from microbes obtained from extreme environments has led to the identification of a gene cluster directing the biosynthesis of a new lasso peptide, designated as chaxapeptin 1, in the genome of Streptomyces leeuwenhoekii strain C58 isolated from the Atacama Desert. Subsequently, 1 was isolated and characterized using high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance methods...
October 16, 2015: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Julian D Hegemann, Marcel Zimmermann, Xiulan Xie, Mohamed A Marahiel
Natural products of peptidic origin often represent a rich source of medically relevant compounds. The synthesis of such polypeptides in nature is either initiated by deciphering the genetic code on the ribosome during the translation process or driven by ribosome-independent processes. In the latter case, highly modified bioactive peptides are assembled by multimodular enzymes designated as nonribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPS) that act as a protein-template to generate chemically diverse peptides. On the other hand, the ribosome-dependent strategy, although relying strictly on the 20-22 proteinogenic amino acids, generates structural diversity by extensive post-translational-modification...
July 21, 2015: Accounts of Chemical Research
Noah A Bindman, Silvia C Bobeica, Wenshe R Liu, Wilfred A van der Donk
The biosynthesis of ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptide (RiPP) natural products typically involves a precursor peptide which contains a leader peptide that is important for the modification process, and that is removed in the final step by a protease. Genome mining efforts for new RiPPs are often hampered by the lack of a general method to remove the leader peptides. We describe here the incorporation of hydroxy acids into the precursor peptides in E. coli which results in connection of the leader peptide via an ester linkage that is readily cleaved by simple hydrolysis...
June 10, 2015: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Anne-Catrin Letzel, Sacha J Pidot, Christian Hertweck
BACKGROUND: Ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs) are a diverse group of biologically active bacterial molecules. Due to the conserved genomic arrangement of many of the genes involved in their synthesis, these secondary metabolite biosynthetic pathways can be predicted from genome sequence data. To date, however, despite the myriad of sequenced genomes covering many branches of the bacterial phylogenetic tree, such an analysis for a broader group of bacteria like anaerobes has not been attempted...
2014: BMC Genomics
Qi Zhang, Xiao Yang, Huan Wang, Wilfred A van der Donk
Lanthionine-containing peptides (lanthipeptides) are a rapidly growing family of polycyclic peptide natural products belonging to the large class of ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs). These compounds are widely distributed in taxonomically distant species, and their biosynthetic systems and biological activities are diverse. A unique example of lanthipeptide biosynthesis is the prochlorosin synthetase ProcM from the marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus MIT9313, which transforms up to 29 different precursor peptides (ProcAs) into a library of lanthipeptides called prochlorosins (Pcns) with highly diverse sequences and ring topologies...
November 21, 2014: ACS Chemical Biology
Hosein Mohimani, Roland D Kersten, Wei-Ting Liu, Mingxun Wang, Samuel O Purvine, Si Wu, Heather M Brewer, Ljiljana Pasa-Tolic, Nuno Bandeira, Bradley S Moore, Pavel A Pevzner, Pieter C Dorrestein
Ribosomally synthesized and posttranslationally modified peptides (RiPPs), especially from microbial sources, are a large group of bioactive natural products that are a promising source of new (bio)chemistry and bioactivity.1 In light of exponentially increasing microbial genome databases and improved mass spectrometry (MS)-based metabolomic platforms, there is a need for computational tools that connect natural product genotypes predicted from microbial genome sequences with their corresponding chemotypes from metabolomic data sets...
July 18, 2014: ACS Chemical Biology
Auke J van Heel, Anne de Jong, Manuel Montalbán-López, Jan Kok, Oscar P Kuipers
Identifying genes encoding bacteriocins and ribosomally synthesized and posttranslationally modified peptides (RiPPs) can be a challenging task. Especially those peptides that do not have strong homology to previously identified peptides can easily be overlooked. Extensive use of BAGEL2 and user feedback has led us to develop BAGEL3. BAGEL3 features genome mining of prokaryotes, which is largely independent of open reading frame (ORF) predictions and has been extended to cover more (novel) classes of posttranslationally modified peptides...
July 2013: Nucleic Acids Research
Juan E Velásquez, Wilfred A van der Donk
In recent years, the number of known peptide natural products that are synthesized via the ribosomal pathway has rapidly grown. Taking advantage of sequence homology among genes encoding precursor peptides or biosynthetic proteins, in silico mining of genomes combined with molecular biology approaches has guided the discovery of a large number of new ribosomal natural products, including lantipeptides, cyanobactins, linear thiazole/oxazole-containing peptides, microviridins, lasso peptides, amatoxins, cyclotides, and conopeptides...
February 2011: Current Opinion in Chemical Biology
Ravi Kiran Reddy Kalathur, Nicolas Gagniere, Guillaume Berthommier, Laetitia Poidevin, Wolfgang Raffelsberger, Raymond Ripp, Thierry Léveillard, Olivier Poch
BACKGROUND: The retina is a multi-layered sensory tissue that lines the back of the eye and acts at the interface of input light and visual perception. Its main function is to capture photons and convert them into electrical impulses that travel along the optic nerve to the brain where they are turned into images. It consists of neurons, nourishing blood vessels and different cell types, of which neural cells predominate. Defects in any of these cells can lead to a variety of retinal diseases, including age-related macular degeneration, retinitis pigmentosa, Leber congenital amaurosis and glaucoma...
2008: BMC Genomics
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