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Maitê Munhoz Scherer, Catina Prochnow, Andressa Borin Venturini, Gabriel Kalil Rocha Pereira, Thiago Augusto de Lima Burgo, Marília Pivetta Rippe, Luiz Felipe Valandro
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of different glass-ceramic surface treatments and aging on the fatigue failure load of a lithium disilicate glass-ceramic adhesively cemented to a dentin analogue material. METHODS: One hundred and twenty (120) disc-shaped lithium disilicate specimens (Ø=10mm, thickness=1.5mm) were produced and randomly allocated (n=20) into 6 groups, considering 2 study factors: "surface treatment" in 3 levels (SIL-silane application only; HF5+SIL-5% hydrofluoric acid etching and silane application; ME&P-etching with an one-step ceramic primer), and "storage" in 2 levels (baseline-storage for 7 days; aging-storage for 90 days+12,000 thermal cycles)...
May 19, 2018: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Julia Christiane Beck-Ripp, Holger Dressel
AIM OF THE STUDY: There is an ongoing discussion on the increasing number of children with mental and developmental disorders, with some even needing long-term care according to the German Social Code XI. This study was performed to identify the main diagnoses justifying such care in children and to analyse their prevalence over time. METHODS: The diagnoses justifying long-term care were evaluated using care assessments of Bavarian children and adolescents between 2009 to 2014 by the medical service of statutory health insurance...
May 22, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
Auke J van Heel, Anne de Jong, Chunxu Song, Jakob H Viel, Jan Kok, Oscar P Kuipers
Interest in secondary metabolites such as RiPPs (ribosomally synthesized and posttranslationally modified peptides) is increasing worldwide. To facilitate the research in this field we have updated our mining web server. BAGEL4 is faster than its predecessor and is now fully independent from ORF-calling. Gene clusters of interest are discovered using the core-peptide database and/or through HMM motifs that are present in associated context genes. The databases used for mining have been updated and extended with literature references and links to UniProt and NCBI...
May 21, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
Delia M Braun, Inn Chung, Nick Kepper, Katharina I Deeg, Karsten Rippe
BACKGROUND: The ends of linear chromosomes, the telomeres, comprise repetitive DNA sequences in complex with proteins that protects them from being processed by the DNA repair machinery. Cancer cells need to counteract the shortening of telomere repeats during replication for their unlimited proliferation by reactivating the reverse transcriptase telomerase or by using the alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) pathway. The different telomere maintenance (TM) mechanisms appear to involve hundreds of proteins but their telomere repeat length related activities are only partly understood...
May 18, 2018: BMC Genetics
Maria Romano, Giuliana Fusco, Hassanul G Choudhury, Shahid Mehmood, Carol V Robinson, Séverine Zirah, Julian D Hegemann, Ewen Lescop, Mohamed A Marahiel, Sylvie Rebuffat, Alfonso De Simone, Konstantinos Beis
Bacteria under stress produce ribosomally synthesized and posttranslationally modified peptides (RiPPs) to target closely related species, such as the lasso peptide microcin J25 (MccJ25). These peptides are also toxic to the producing organisms that utilize dedicated ABC transporters to achieve self-immunity. MccJ25 is exported by the Escherichia coli ABC transporter McjD through a complex mechanism of recognition that has remained elusive. Here, we used biomolecular NMR to study this interaction and identified a region of the toxic peptide that is crucial to its recognition by the ABC transporter...
May 14, 2018: ACS Chemical Biology
Catarina Rippe, Sebastian Albinsson, Gregor Guron, Holger Nilsson, Karl Swärd
Soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) is an effector enzyme of nitric oxide (NO). Recent work has unraveled how levels of this enzyme are controlled, and highlighted a role in vascular disease. We provide a timely summary of available knowledge on transcriptional regulation of sGC, including influences from the NOTCH signaling pathway and genetic variants. It is speculated that hypertension-induced repression of sGC starts a vicious circle that can be initiated by periods of stress, diet or genetic factors, and a key tenet is that reduction of sGC further raises blood pressure...
May 13, 2018: Acta Physiologica
Isabelle Ripp, Anna-Nora Zur Nieden, Sonja Blankenagel, Nicolai Franzmeier, Johan N Lundström, Jessica Freiherr
In this study, we aimed to understand how whole-brain neural networks compute sensory information integration based on the olfactory and visual system. Task-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data was obtained during unimodal and bimodal sensory stimulation. Based on the identification of multisensory integration processing (MIP) specific hub-like network nodes analyzed with network-based statistics using region-of-interest based connectivity matrices, we conclude the following brain areas to be important for processing the presented bimodal sensory information: right precuneus connected contralaterally to the supramarginal gyrus for memory-related imagery and phonology retrieval, and the left middle occipital gyrus connected ipsilaterally to the inferior frontal gyrus via the inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus including functional aspects of working memory...
May 7, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
Teresa Palao, Lejla Medzikovic, Catarina Rippe, Shaynah Wanga, Claudia Al-Mardini, Angela van Weert, Judith de Vos, Nicole N van der Wel, Henk A van Veen, Ed T van Bavel, Karl Swärd, Vivian de Waard, Erik Ntp Bakker
Thrombospondin 4 (TSP-4) expression is induced in the heart and vasculature under pathological conditions, including myocardial infarction, myocardial pressure overload, and hypertension. TSP-4 is linked to remodelling processes, where it may affect extracellular matrix protein organization. In previous work, we studied the role of TSP-4 in small arteries during hypertension using Ang II-treated Thrombospondin 4 knockout (Thbs4-/- ) mice. We reported increased heart weight, as well as the occurrence of aortic aneurysms in the Ang II-treated Thbs4-/- animals...
April 7, 2018: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
Yi Zhang, Kunhua Li, Guang Yang, Joshua L McBride, Steven D Bruner, Yousong Ding
Ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs) are an important family of natural products. Their biosynthesis follows a common scheme in which the leader peptide of a precursor peptide guides the modifications of a single core peptide. Here we describe biochemical studies of the processing of multiple core peptides within a precursor peptide, rare in RiPP biosynthesis. In a cyanobacterial microviridin pathway, an ATP-grasp ligase, AMdnC, installs up to two macrolactones on each of the three core peptides within AMdnA...
May 3, 2018: Nature Communications
Kenton J Hetrick, Mark C Walker, Wilfred A van der Donk
Peptide display has enabled identification and optimization of ligands to many targets. These ligands are usually linear or disulfide-containing peptides that are vulnerable to proteolysis or reduction. We report yeast surface and phage display of lanthipeptides, macrocyclic ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs). Lanthipeptides contain multiple thioether cross-links that bestow their biological activities. We developed C-terminal yeast display of the class II lanthipeptides lacticin 481 and haloduracin β, and randomization of the C-ring of the former was used to select tight binders to αvβ3 integrin...
April 25, 2018: ACS Central Science
Anne Zirkel, Milos Nikolic, Konstantinos Sofiadis, Jan-Philipp Mallm, Chris A Brackley, Henrike Gothe, Oliver Drechsel, Christian Becker, Janine Altmüller, Natasa Josipovic, Theodore Georgomanolis, Lilija Brant, Julia Franzen, Mirjam Koker, Eduardo G Gusmao, Ivan G Costa, Roland T Ullrich, Wolfgang Wagner, Vassilis Roukos, Peter Nürnberg, Davide Marenduzzo, Karsten Rippe, Argyris Papantonis
Processes like cellular senescence are characterized by complex events giving rise to heterogeneous cell populations. However, the early molecular events driving this cascade remain elusive. We hypothesized that senescence entry is triggered by an early disruption of the cells' three-dimensional (3D) genome organization. To test this, we combined Hi-C, single-cell and population transcriptomics, imaging, and in silico modeling of three distinct cells types entering senescence. Genes involved in DNA conformation maintenance are suppressed upon senescence entry across all cell types...
April 20, 2018: Molecular Cell
Maho Morita, Yue Hao, Jouni K Jokela, Debosmita Sardar, Zhenjian Lin, Kaarina Sivonen, Satish K Nair, Eric W Schmidt
Prenylation is a widespread modification that improves the biological activities of secondary metabolites. This reaction also represents a key modification step in biosyntheses of cyanobactins, a family of ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs) produced by cyanobacteria. In cyanobactins, amino acids are commonly isoprenylated by ABBA prenyltransferases that use C5 donors. Notably, mass spectral analysis of piricyclamides from a fresh-water cyanobacterium suggested that they may instead have a C10 geranyl group...
May 1, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Jacqueline Gunther, Andreas Walther, Lars Rippe, Stefan Kröll, Stefan Andersson-Engels
Biological tissue is a highly scattering medium that prevents deep imaging of light. For medical applications, optical imaging offers a molecular sensitivity that would be beneficial for diagnosing and monitoring of diseases. Acousto-optical tomography has the molecular sensitivity of optical imaging with the resolution of ultrasound and has the potential for deep tissue imaging. Here, we present a theoretical study of a system that combines acousto-optical tomography and slow light spectral filters created using spectral hole burning methods...
April 2018: Journal of Biomedical Optics
R Grasel, M J Santos, Hm Chagas Rêgo, M P Rippe, L F Valandro
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of different primer/resin luting agent combinations and alumina air abrasion on the adhesion to zirconia. Eighty blocks (4×4×3 mm) of Lava Frame Zirconia (3M ESPE) were produced and randomly assigned into eight groups (n=10) according to two zirconia surface treatments (untreated or air abrasion with 50-μm alumina particles) and four luting systems (SU: Scotchbond Universal/RelyX Unicem 2; ZP: Z-Prime Plus/Duo-link Universal; MB: Monobond Plus/Variolink II; and AP: Alloy Primer/ED Primer II/Panavia F 2...
May 2018: Operative Dentistry
Fabian Erdel, Karsten Rippe
Chromatin is partitioned on multiple length scales into subcompartments that differ from each other with respect to their molecular composition and biological function. It is a key question how these compartments can form even though diffusion constantly mixes the nuclear interior and rapidly balances concentration gradients of soluble nuclear components. Different biophysical concepts are currently used to explain the formation of "chromatin bodies" in a self-organizing manner and without consuming energy...
April 5, 2018: Biophysical Journal
Larissa R Thomas, Jonathan A Ripp, Colin P West
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Kevin Jeanne Dit Fouque, Javier Moreno, Julian D Hegemann, Séverine Zirah, Sylvie Rebuffat, Francisco Fernandez-Lima
Lasso peptides are ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs) characterized by a mechanically interlocked topology. In contrast to their branched-cyclic forms, lasso peptides have higher stability and have become a scaffold for drug development. However, the identification and separation of lasso peptides from their unthreaded topoisomers (branched-cyclic peptides) is analytically challenging since the higher stability is based solely on differences in their tertiary structures...
March 26, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Ajibola I Abioye, Sangshin Park, Kelsey Ripp, Emily A McDonald, Jonathan D Kurtis, Hannah Wu, Sunthorn Pond-Tor, Surendra Sharma, Jan Ernerudh, Palmera Baltazar, Luz P Acosta, Remigio M Olveda, Veronica Tallo, Jennifer F Friedman
Background: To our knowledge, no studies have addressed whether maternal anemia of inflammation (AI) affects newborn iron status, and few have addressed risk factors for specific etiologies of maternal anemia. Objectives: The study aims were to evaluate 1) the contribution of AI and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) to newborn iron endowment, 2) hepcidin as a biomarker to distinguish AI from IDA among pregnant women, and 3) risk factors for specific etiologies of maternal anemia...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Graham A Hudson, Douglas A Mitchell
The threat of antibiotic resistant bacterial infections continues to underscore the need for new treatment options. Historically, small molecule metabolites from microbes have provided a rich source of antibiotic compounds, and as a result, significant effort has been invested in engineering the responsible biosynthetic pathways to generate novel analogs with attractive pharmacological properties. Unfortunately, biosynthetic stringency has limited the capacity of non-ribosomal peptide synthetases and polyketide synthases from producing substantially different analogs in large numbers...
March 10, 2018: Current Opinion in Microbiology
T Missau, A B Venturini, Gkr Pereira, C Prochnow, L F Valandro, M P Rippe
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of etching, with different hydrofluoric acid concentrations at the intaglio surface of feldspathic ceramic inlays, on the fatigue failure load of restored premolars. A total of 60 upper premolars were embedded in plastic cylinders with acrylic resin (up to 3 mm below the cement-enamel junction) and prepared using a device specially designed for that purpose. Teeth were randomly assigned to three groups (n=20): HF1, HF5, and HF10 (etching with hydrofluoric acid for 60 seconds at concentrations of 1%, 5%, and 10%, respectively)...
March 2018: Operative Dentistry
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