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"camkii" OR "calcium/calmodulin dependent kinase type II"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735419/modulation-of-human-kv4-3-kchip2-channel-inactivation-kinetics-by-cytoplasmic-ca-2
#1
Christiane Groen, Robert Bähring
The transient outward current (I to) in the human heart is mediated by Kv4.3 channels complexed with Kv channel interacting protein (KChIP) 2, a cytoplasmic Ca(2+)-binding EF-hand protein known to modulate Kv4.3 inactivation gating upon heterologous co-expression. We studied Kv4.3 channels co-expressed with wild-type (wt) or EF-hand-mutated (ΔEF) KChIP2 in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells. Co-expression took place in the absence or presence of BAPTA-AM, and macroscopic currents were recorded in the whole-cell patch-clamp configuration with different free Ca(2+) concentrations in the patch-pipette...
July 22, 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731505/calcium-calmodulin-dependent-kinase-2-camkii-mediates-epac-induced-spontaneous-transient-outward-currents-stocs-in-rat-vascular-smooth-muscle
#2
Edward S A Humphries, Tomoko Kamishima, John M Quayle, Caroline Dart
Activation of the major cAMP effector, exchange protein directly activated by cAMP (Epac), induces vascular smooth muscle relaxation by increasing the activity of ryanodine (RyR)-sensitive release channels on the peripheral sarcoplasmic reticulum. Resultant Ca(2+) sparks activate plasma membrane Ca(2+) -activated K(+) (BKCa ) channels, evoking spontaneous transient outward currents (STOCs) that hyperpolarize the cell and reduce voltage-dependent Ca(2+) entry. In this study we investigate the mechanism by which Epac increases STOC activity...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720858/gsk-3%C3%AE-deletion-in-dentate-gyrus-excitatory-neuron-impairs-synaptic-plasticity-and-memory
#3
Enjie Liu, Ao-Ji Xie, Qiuzhi Zhou, Mengzhu Li, Shujuan Zhang, Shihong Li, Weijin Wang, Xiaochuan Wang, Qun Wang, Jian-Zhi Wang
Increasing evidence suggests that glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) plays a crucial role in neurodegenerative/psychiatric disorders, while pan-neural knockout of GSK-3β also shows detrimental effects. Currently, the function of GSK-3β in specific type of neurons is elusive. Here, we infused AAV-CaMKII-Cre-2A-eGFP into GSK-3β(lox/lox) mice to selectively delete the kinase in excitatory neurons of hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG), and studied the effects on cognitive/psychiatric behaviors and the molecular mechanisms...
July 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717010/phosphorylation-of-the-kainate-receptor-kar-auxiliary-subunit-neto2-at-serine-409-regulates-synaptic-targeting-of-the-kar-subunit-gluk1
#4
Richa Madan Lomash, Nengyin Sheng, Yan Li, Roger A Nicoll, Katherine W Roche
Synaptic strength at excitatory synapses is determined by the presence of glutamate receptors (i.e. AMPA, NMDA and kainate receptors) at the synapse. Synaptic strength is modulated by multiple factors including assembly of different receptor subunits, interaction with auxiliary subunits and post translational modifications of either the receptors or their auxiliary subunits. Using mass spectrometry, we find that the intracellular region of neuropilin and tolloid-like proteins (Neto)1 and Neto2, the auxiliary subunits of KARs are phosphorylated by multiple kinases in vitro...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714352/-express-enhancement-of-spinal-dorsal-horn-neuron-nmda-receptor-phosphorylation-as-the-mechanism-of-remifentanil-induced-hyperalgesia-roles-of-pkc-and-camkii
#5
Sisi Li, Jie Zeng, Xiaoxiao Wan, Ying Yao, Nan Zhao, Yujia Yu, Cong Yu, Zhengyuan Xia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699899/xuefu-zhuyu-decoction-improves-cognitive-impairment-in-experimental-traumatic-brain-injury-via-synaptic-regulation
#6
Jing Zhou, Tao Liu, Hanjin Cui, Rong Fan, Chunhu Zhang, Weijun Peng, Ali Yang, Lin Zhu, Yang Wang, Tao Tang
An overarching consequence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the cognitive impairment. It may hinder individual performance of daily tasks and determine people's subjective well-being. The damage to synaptic plasticity, one of the key mechanisms of cognitive dysfunction, becomes the potential therapeutic strategy of TBI. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction (XFZYD), a traditional Chinese medicine, provided a synaptic regulation to improve cognitive disorder following TBI. Morris water maze and modified neurological severity scores were performed to assess the neurological and cognitive abilities...
June 30, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698617/loss-of-md1-exacerbates-pressure-overload-induced-left-ventricular-structural-and-electrical-remodelling
#7
Jianye Peng, Yu Liu, Xiaoju Xiong, Congxin Huang, Yang Mei, Zhiqiang Wang, Yanhong Tang, Jing Ye, Bin Kong, Wanli Liu, Teng Wang, He Huang
Myeloid differentiation protein 1 (MD1) has been implicated in numerous pathophysiological processes, including immune regulation, obesity, insulin resistance, and inflammation. However, the role of MD1 in cardiac remodelling remains incompletely understood. We used MD1-knockout (KO) mice and their wild-type littermates to determine the functional significance of MD1 in the regulation of aortic banding (AB)-induced left ventricular (LV) structural and electrical remodelling and its underlying mechanisms. After 4 weeks of AB, MD1-KO hearts showed substantial aggravation of LV hypertrophy, fibrosis, LV dilation and dysfunction, and electrical remodelling, which resulted in overt heart failure and increased electrophysiological instability...
July 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697452/effect-of-fluoride-exposure-on-mrna-expression-of-cav1-2-and-calcium-signal-pathway-apoptosis-regulators-in-pc12-cells
#8
Qiuxia Liao, Rui Zhang, Xiaoyu Wang, Weiwei Nian, Lulu Ke, Wei Ouyang, Zigui Zhang
This study investigated the effects of fluoride exposure on the mRNA expression of Cav1.2 calcium signaling pathway and apoptosis regulatory molecules in PC12 cells. The viability of PC12 cell receiving high fluoride (5.0mM) and low fluoride (0.5mM) alone or fluoride combined with L-type calcium channel (LTCC) agonist/inhibitor (5umol/L FPL6417/2umol/L nifedipine) was detected using cell counting kit-8 at different time points (2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 10, and 24h). Changes in the cell configuration were observed after exposing the cells to fluoride for 24h...
June 30, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694190/non-canonical-pathway-induced-by-wnt3a-regulates-%C3%AE-catenin-via-pyk2-in-differentiating-human-neural-progenitor-cells
#9
Venkata Ajay Narendra Talabattula, Peter Morgan, Moritz J Frech, Adelinde M Uhrmacher, Ottmar Herchenröder, Brigitte M Pützer, Arndt Rolfs, Jiankai Luo
Wnt/β-catenin and Wnt/Ca(2+) pathways are involved in cellular processes during embryonic development and the interaction between them in the same cell decides the outcome of cellular functions. In this study, we showed that Wnt3a triggers the Wnt/Ca(2+) signaling pathway, indicated by an increase of cytosolic free calcium ([Ca(2+)]i) and activation of calmodulin dependent kinase II (CaMKII) during the differentiation of human neuronal progenitor cells (hNPCs). Wnt3a via the increase of [Ca(2+)]i activates proline-rich tyrosine kinase 2 (Pyk2), which subsequently regulates phosphorylation of glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) and β-catenin stabilization...
July 7, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692053/pre-45s-rrna-promotes-colon-cancer-and-is-associated-with-poor-survival-of-crc-patients
#10
H Tsoi, K C Lam, Y Dong, X Zhang, C K Lee, J Zhang, S C Ng, S S M Ng, S Zheng, Y Chen, J Fang, J Yu
One characteristic of cancer cells is the abnormally high rate of cell metabolism to sustain their enhanced proliferation. However, the behind mechanism of this phenomenon is still elusive. Here we find that enhanced precursor 45s ribosomal RNA (pre-45s rRNA) is one of the core mechanisms in promoting the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer (CRC). Pre-45s rRNA expression is significantly higher in primary CRC tumor tissues samples and cancer cell lines compared with the non-tumorous colon tissues, and is associated with tumor sizes...
July 10, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689792/functional-role-of-kynurenine-and-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-axis-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyps
#11
Heng Wang, Danh C Do, Jinxin Liu, Baofeng Wang, Jingjing Qu, Xia Ke, Xiaoyan Luo, Ho Man Tang, Ho Lam Tang, Chengping Hu, Mark E Anderson, Zheng Liu, Peisong Gao
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is associated with mast cell-mediated inflammation and heightened oxidant stress. Kynurenine (KYN), an endogenous tryptophan metabolite, can promote allergen-induced mast cell activation through the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). OBJECTIVES: Determine the role of the KYN/AhR axis and oxidant stress in mast cell activation and the development of CRSwNP. METHODS: We measured expression of indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1), tryptophan 2, 3-dioxygenase (TDO2), KYN, and oxidized calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (ox-CaMKII) in nasal polyps and controls...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676552/acylated-and-unacylated-ghrelin-do-not-directly-stimulate-glucose-transport-in-isolated-rodent-skeletal-muscle
#12
Daniel T Cervone, David J Dyck
Emerging evidence implicates ghrelin, a gut-derived, orexigenic hormone, as a potential mediator of insulin-responsive peripheral tissue metabolism. However, in vitro and in vivo studies assessing ghrelin's direct influence on metabolism have been controversial, particularly due to confounding factors such as the secondary rise in growth hormone (GH) after ghrelin injection. Skeletal muscle is important in the insulin-stimulated clearance of glucose, and ghrelin's exponential rise prior to a meal could potentially facilitate this...
July 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675664/obestatin-controls-the-ubiquitin-proteasome-and-autophagy-lysosome-systems-in-glucocorticoid-induced-muscle-cell-atrophy
#13
Tania Cid-Díaz, Icía Santos-Zas, Jessica González-Sánchez, Uxía Gurriarán-Rodríguez, Carlos S Mosteiro, Xesús Casabiell, Tomás García-Caballero, Vincent Mouly, Yolanda Pazos, Jesús P Camiña
BACKGROUND: Many pathological states characterized by muscle atrophy are associated with an increase in circulating glucocorticoids and poor patient prognosis, making it an important target for treatment. The development of treatments for glucocorticoid-induced and wasting disorder-related skeletal muscle atrophy should be designed based on how the particular transcriptional program is orchestrated and how the balance of muscle protein synthesis and degradation is deregulated. Here, we investigated whether the obestatin/GPR39 system, an autocrine/paracrine signaling system acting on myogenesis and with anabolic effects on the skeletal muscle, could protect against glucocorticoid-induced muscle cell atrophy...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668302/role-of-camkii-in-free-fatty-acid-hyperlipidemia-induced-cardiac-remodeling-both-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#14
Peng Zhong, Dajun Quan, Jianye Peng, Xiaoju Xiong, Yu Liu, Bin Kong, He Huang
RATIONALE: The cellular mechanisms of obesity/hyperlipidemia-induced cardiac remodeling are many and not completely elucidated. Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII), a multifunctional serine/threonine kinase, has been reported to be involved in a variety of cardiovascular diseases. However, its role in obesity/hyperlipidemia-induced cardiac remodeling is still unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to demonstrate the role of CaMKII in the pathogenesis of obesity/hyperlipidemia-induced cardiac remodeling both in vitro and in vivo...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664926/memory-retention-involves-the-ventrolateral-orbitofrontal-cortex-comparison-with-the-basolateral-amygdala
#15
K S Zimmermann, C Li, D G Rainnie, K J Ressler, S L Gourley
The orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) is thought to link stimuli and actions with anticipated outcomes in order to sustain flexible behavior in an ever-changing environment. How it retains these associations to guide future behavior is less well-defined. Here we focused on one subregion of this heterogeneous structure, the ventrolateral OFC (VLO). CaMKII-driven inhibitory Gi-coupled Designer Receptors Exclusively Activated by Designer Drugs (DREADDs) were infused and subsequently activated by their ligand Clozapine-N-oxide (CNO) in conjunction with fear extinction training (a form of aversive conditioning) and response-outcome conditioning (a form of appetitive conditioning)...
June 30, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662005/camkii-activation-promotes-cardiac-electrical-remodeling-and-increases-the-susceptibility-to-arrhythmia-induction-in-high-fat-diet-fed-mice-with-hyperlipidemia-conditions
#16
Peng Zhong, Dajun Quan, Yan Huang, He Huang
BACKGROUND: Obesity/hyperlipidemia is closely related to both atrial and ventricular arrhythmias. CaMKII, a multifunctional serine/threonine kinase, has been involved in cardiac arrhythmias of different etiology. However, its role in obesity/hyperlipidemia-related cardiac arrhythmia is unexplored. The aim of the present study was to determine the involvement of CaMKII in the process. METHODS: Adult male APOE-/- mice were fed a high-fat diet (HFD), administrated with KN93 (10mg/kg/2d), a specific inhibitor of CaMKII...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655496/mosquito-aging-modulates-the-heart-rate-and-the-proportional-directionality-of-heart-contractions
#17
Charlotte R Doran, Tania Y Estévez-Lao, Julián F Hillyer
Mosquito aging impacts a myriad of physiological processes, including digestion, flight, mating, reproductive success, and immunity. In the present study, we conducted intravital video imaging in 1, 3, 5, 10, 15 and 20-day-old Anopheles gambiae female adults to assess whether aging impacts mosquito heart physiology. We found that the heart contraction rate increases over the first 15days of adulthood and then decreases. These changes occur for both contraction directions, although aging results in a relative change in the anterograde versus retrograde contraction rates...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648560/switch-like-behavior-enables-wnt11-concentration-specific-response-during-dorso-ventral-axis-formation-in-xenopus-laevis
#18
Jan Eric Sträng, Rainer Schuler, Michael Kühl, Hans A Kestler
Wnt signaling plays a role in diverse processes such as cell proliferation, differentiation, migration or cell polarity. Dysfunction of Wnt signaling is associated with human diseases and aging. Wnts can activate several interacting intracellular signaling pathways, in particular the so called canonical and non-canonical pathways. The canonical Wnt response leads to a stabilization of cytoplasmic β-catenin whereas non-canonical Wnt signaling can result in the activation of calcium-calmodulin dependent kinase II (CamKII)...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642476/prevention-of-long-term-memory-loss-after-retrieval-by-an-endogenous-camkii-inhibitor
#19
Fabio Antonio Vigil, Keiko Mizuno, Walter Lucchesi, Victoria Valls-Comamala, Karl Peter Giese
CaMK2N1 and CaMK2N2 are endogenous inhibitors of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII), a key synaptic signaling molecule for learning and memory. Here, we investigated the learning and memory function of CaMK2N1 by knocking-down its expression in dorsal hippocampus of mice. We found that reduced CaMK2N1 expression does not affect contextual fear long-term memory (LTM) formation. However, we show that it impairs maintenance of established LTM, but only if retrieval occurs. CaMK2N1 knockdown prevents a decrease of threonine-286 (T286) autophosphorylation of αCaMKII and increases GluA1 levels in hippocampal synapses after retrieval of contextual fear LTM...
June 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642137/overexpression-cdc42-attenuates-isoflurane-induced-neurotoxicity-in-developmental-brain-of-rats
#20
Xi Fang, Shiyong Li, Qiang Han, Yilin Zhao, Jie Gao, Jing Yan, Ailin Luo
Nowadays many children receive operations with general anesthesia. Isoflurane is a commonly-used general anesthetic. Numbers of studies demonstrated that isoflurane induced neurotoxicity and neurobehavioral deficiency in young rats, however, the underlying mechanism remained unknown. Cell division cycle 42 (cdc42) played an important role in regulating synaptic vesicle trafficking and actin dynamics in neuron, which closely linked to synaptic plasticity and dendritic spine formation. Meanwhile, cdc42 also involved in many neurodegenerative diseases...
June 20, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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