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Temporomandibular joint dysfunction

Verónica Gómez Toledo, Ileana Gutiérrez Farfán, Antonio Verduzco-Mendoza, Emilio Arch-Tirado
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus is defined as the conscious perception of a sensation of sound that occurs in the absence of an external stimulus. This audiological symptom affects 7% to 19% of the adult population. The aim of this study is to describe the associated comorbidities present in patients with tinnitus usingjoint and conditional probability analysis. PATIENTS: Patients of both genders, diagnosed with unilateral or bilateral tinnitus, aged between 20 and 45 years, and had a full computerised medical record, were selected...
October 13, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Harry von Piekartz, Ani Pudelko, Mira Danzeisen, Toby Hall, Nikolaus Ballenberger
BACKGROUND: There is preliminary evidence of cervical musculoskeletal impairment in some temporomandibular disorder (TMD) pain states. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether people with TMD, classified as either mild or moderate/severe TMD, have more cervical signs of dysfunction than healthy subjects. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHOD: Based on the Conti Amnestic Questionnaire and examination of the temporomandibular joint (Axis I classification of the Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD), of 144 people examined 59 were classified to a mild TMD group, 40 to a moderate/severe TMD group and 45 to an asymptomatic control group without TMD...
September 23, 2016: Manual Therapy
John Vorrasi, Geoffrey Zinberg
Parotitis is a common occurrence in the immunocompromised, dehydrated, and malnourished patient as a result of dysfunctional ductal and parotid cells. Inflammation can be acute or chronic based on clinical history, and it can be suppurative based on the presence of micro or macro abscess formation within the substance of the gland. This report presents a case of concomitant condylar osteomyelitis and chronic suppurative parotitis in the setting of previous methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus foot infection...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Shantil M Dickerson, Jarod M Weaver, Ashley N Boyson, Jared A Thacker, Andrew A Junak, Pamela D Ritzline, Megan B Donaldson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of exercise therapy on pain, function, and mobility outcomes in patients with temporomandibular joint dysfunction. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis undertaken following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Studies that met the inclusion criteria: (1) randomized controlled trials; (2) a population with the diagnosis of temporomandibular joint dysfunction; and (3) interventions that included exercise therapy were considered for review...
October 3, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
M de-Pedro-Herráez, J Mesa-Jiménez, C Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, J-L de-la-Hoz-Aizpurua
Myogenic temporomandibular disorders (MTMD) frequently coexist with other clinical conditions in the same individual. In the last decades, several authors have analyzed these comorbidities looking for the origin of this overlapping. _Objetives: The aim of this study was to perform a comparative anaylisis between a group of patients with MTMD and a control group of dental patients without dysfunctional pathology to assess whether there are significant differences in the presence of systemic medical comorbidities between the two groups...
October 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Luana Goés Soares, Igor Reali Costa, Jadimar Dos Santos Brum Júnior, Wyllerson Silveira Bronzon Cerqueira, Evandro Silveira de Oliveira, Dhelfeson Willya Douglas de Oliveira, Patricia Furtado Gonçalves, José Cristiano Ramos Glória, Karine Tais Aguiar Tavano, Olga Dumont Flecha
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of bruxism in students at the Federal University of the Jequitinhonha and Mucuri Valleys in Brazil. The secondary objectives were to identify the factors associated with bruxism; prevalence of dental wear; and to distinguish the signs and symptoms of temporomandibular dysfunction when present, and verify its relationship with bruxism. METHODS: Two hundred fifty-three students (106 males, 147 females) were clinically examined and answered a questionnaire...
August 12, 2016: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Dorrit W Nitzan, Jesica Svidovsky, Avraham Zini, Yehuda Zadik
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term outcome of arthrocentesis in patients with symptomatic temporomandibular joint (TMJ) osteoarthritis that was unresponsive to nonsurgical interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-nine patients (83 joints) with symptomatic TMJ osteoarthritis that had not responded to nonsurgical interventions and who underwent arthrocentesis were included in this study. Demographic, clinical, and radiologic data, including assessment of pain, dysfunction, improvement, and satisfaction, and maximal mouth opening were analyzed...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Guadalupe Molina-Torres, Alberto Rodríguez-Archilla, Guillermo Matarán-Peñarrocha, Manuel Albornoz-Cabello, María Encarnación Aguilar-Ferrándiz, Adelaida María Castro-Sánchez
Context • Patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) report frequent and severe symptoms from temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). The appropriate treatment of TMDs remains controversial. No studies have occurred on the efficacy of therapy with a laser or an occlusal stabilization splint in the treatment of TMDs in patients with FMS. Objective • The study intended to investigate the therapeutic effects of laser therapy and of an occlusal stabilization splint for reducing pain and dysfunction and improving the quality of sleep in patients with TMDs and FMS...
September 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
F Massilla Mani, S Satha Sivasubramanian
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the various bony changes in osteoarthritis (OA) of elderly patients who are suffering from temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMD) and to find if all the changes manifesting in generalized OA were presented in temporomandibular joint (TMJ). METHODS: Thirty TMJs of fifteen elderly patients who were diagnosed with TMD were selected for the study. Patient with TMD were subjected to computerized tomographic (CT) imaging, and the various bony changes in the TMJ were recorded...
June 2016: Biomedical Journal
Jose A Lopez-Escamez, Thanos Bibas, Rilana F F Cima, Paul Van de Heyning, Marlies Knipper, Birgit Mazurek, Agnieszka J Szczepek, Christopher R Cederroth
Subjective tinnitus is the perception of sound in the absence of external or bodily-generated sounds. Chronic tinnitus is a highly prevalent condition affecting over 70 million people in Europe. A wide variety of comorbidities, including hearing loss, psychiatric disorders, neurodegenerative disorders, and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction, have been suggested to contribute to the onset or progression of tinnitus; however, the precise molecular mechanisms of tinnitus are not well understood and the contribution of genetic and epigenetic factors remains unknown...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
I Belda, M A Ayuso, X Sala-Blanch, M Luis, R Bergé
BACKGROUND: In 2003 a simple test to detect difficult intubation (DI) in patients underwent laryngeal microsurgery was described. The present study was conducted to validate the test. METHODS: Patients with laryngeal disease scheduled for laryngeal microsurgery were included. The variables evaluated were eleven parameters: Mallampati Score ≥III, thyromental distance <6.5cm, mouth opening <40mm, limitation of the temporomandibular joint, pathological dentition, arched paladet, maxillary deficiency, neck mobility <90°, body mass index, symptoms of laryngeal dysfunction, and tumour of supraglottic region...
September 1, 2016: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
A Lövgren, C M Visscher, B Häggman-Henrikson, F Lobbezoo, S Marklund, A Wänman
Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are common but seem to be largely undetected within general dental care. To improve dentists' awareness of these symptoms, three screening questions (3Q/TMD) have been introduced. Our aim was to validate 3Q/TMD in relation to the diagnostic criteria for TMD (DC/TMD), while taking into account the severity level of the symptoms. The study population consisted of 7831 individuals 20-69 years old, who had their routine dental check-up at the Public Dental Health Service in Västerbotten, Sweden...
October 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Leila Khojastepour, Shirin Kolahi, Nazi Panahi, Abdolaziz Haghnegahdar
OBJECTIVES: Differential diagnosis of bifid mandibular condyle (BMC) is important, since it may play a role in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunctions and joint symptoms. In addition, radiographic appearance of BMC may mimic tumors and/or fractures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and orientation of BMC based on cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on CBCT scans of paranasal sinuses of 425 patients...
December 2015: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Salih Onur Basat, Mehmet Surmeli, Oguzhan Demirel, Fatih Ceran, Funda Akoz Saydam, Karaca Basaran
Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJDs) are a complex group of disorders that comprise dysfunctions of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). In this study, we analyzed the objective and subjective findings of the TMJD patients by using Helkimo anamnesis (Ai) and clinical dysfunction (Di) indices, and tried to document a relation between these findings and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) results.Ninety-eight patients who were admitted to our clinic were included in the study. The clinical evaluation was performed by using Ai, an 8-question-survey based on the objective symptoms of patients; Di, concluded as the score of 5 objective measurements of physical examination...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
F Cheynet
The study of the relationship between temporomandibular joints (TMJ), mastication and ventilation and the involvement of these two functions in the genesis of primary Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) and in some dentofacial deformities, was initiated in France, more than 30years, by Professor Raymond Gola. Once criticized the weakness of the scientific literature in this domain, the originality of the TMJ within the masticatory system is recalled with its huge adaptation potential to very different biomechanical constraints according to the age and masticatory activities during the day...
September 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
P Marty, A Louvrier, E Weber, P-A Dubreuil, B Chatelain, C Meyer
INTRODUCTION: Arthocentesis of the temporomandibular joint combined with intra-articular washout and, more recently, intra-articular injection of pharmacological agents has been developed from the 1990s and is nowadays extensively in use for the treatment of temporomandibular dysfunctions (TMDs). The goal of our work was to answer 3 questions: 1. Is intra-articular washout effective for the treatment of TMDs ? 2. What kind of pharmacological agents may nowadays be injected in addition to washout and are these injections useful ? 3...
September 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
Ana M Moreno-Fernández, Emilio Jiménez-Castellanos, Alejandro Iglesias-Linares, Débora Bueso-Madrid, Ana Fernández-Rodríguez, Manuel de Miguel
OBJECTIVES: Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) refer to a group of clinical picture affecting the masticatory muscles and temporomandibular joint that are characterized by muscular or joint pain, dysfunction (limited or altered functions) and joint noises, as well as other associated symptoms, such as tension headaches, otalgia, dizziness, tinnitus and others. Fibromyalgia (FM) is a syndrome of unknown etiology involving generalized chronic pain accompanied, in a high percentage of cases, by other symptoms such as asthenia, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances and other less frequent symptoms, such as temporomandibular disorders (TMD)...
August 19, 2016: Modern Rheumatology
J M Foletti, F Cheynet, N Graillon, L Guyot, C Chossegros
INTRODUCTION: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction associates pain, limited mouth opening and joint noise. Failures of conservative treatments may lead to arthroscopy. The aim of our study was to evaluate the current interest of arthroscopy in the treatment of TMJ dysfunction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using the keywords "TMJ" and "Arthroscopy", 1668 articles were found in the Sciencedirect database. We selected 17 papers published between September 2012 and May 2016...
September 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
I Breton-Torres, S Trichot, J Yachouh, P Jammet
Rehabilitation of temporomandibular joint dysfunctions has for a long time tried to treat symptoms: pain relief, joint kinetics restoration, disk re-capture by manual maneuvers. The authors present their own therapeutic approach, which is no longer limited to symptoms, but addresses the causes and identifies risk factors to prevent relapse.
September 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
Romain Nicot, Alexandre R Vieira, Gwénaël Raoul, Constance Delmotte, Alain Duhamel, Joël Ferri, James J Sciote
UNLABELLED: Dentofacial deformities are dys-morpho-functional disorders involving the temporomandibular joints (TMJ). Many authors have reported a TMJ improvement in dysfunctional subjects with malocclusion after orthodontic or combined orthodontic and surgical treatment particularly for the relief of pain. In particular, few studies have highlighted the demographic and clinical predictors of response to surgical treatment. To date, no genetic factor has yet been identified as a predictor of response to surgical treatment...
September 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
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