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"Global health" and "medical student"

Carlough Martha, Becker-Dreps Sylvia, Hawes Samuel, Hodge Bethany, Martin Ian, Clark Denniston
BACKGROUND: Following a similar trend among United States (US) medical students, US resident physicians are increasingly interested in pursuing global health education. Largely, residency education has lagged behind in addressing this demand. Time and curriculum requirements make meeting this need challenging. The Office of International Activities (OIA) at University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill (UNC-CH) was founded to provide support to students and residents in the area global health...
May 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
Rebecca A Greenberg, Celine Kim, Helen Stolte, Jonathan Hellmann, Randi Zlotnik Shaul, Rahim Valani, Dennis Scolnik
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization calls for stronger cross-cultural emphasis in medical training. Bioethics education can build such competencies as it involves the conscious exploration and application of values and principles. The International Pediatric Emergency Medicine Elective (IPEME), a novel global health elective, brings together 12 medical students from Canada and the Middle East for a 4-week, living and studying experience. It is based at a Canadian children's hospital and, since its creation in 2004, ethics has informally been part of its curriculum...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Faye M Evans, Niharika R Mallepally, Gerald Dubowitz, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Craig D McClain, Kayser Enneking
PURPOSE: There is growing evidence to suggest that the current generation of medical students and young physicians is interested in global health. However, there are few data on the interest in global health by students pursuing a career in anesthesiology. The objective of this survey was to evaluate the importance of global health opportunities in regard to applicants' choice of anesthesiology residency programs. METHODS: Anesthesiology residency program directors in the United States were invited to distribute an online survey to recently matched residents...
June 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesth├ęsie
Bulat A Ziganshin, Liliya M Yausheva, Mitra Sadigh, Anna P Ziganshina, Arseniy A Pichugin, Ayrat U Ziganshin, Majid Sadigh
BACKGROUND: Global health is a new concept in Russia. There has been an ongoing academic collaboration between the Yale School of Medicine in the United States and Makerere University College of Health Sciences in Uganda since 2010, and the US Western Connecticut Health Network/University of Vermont College of Medicine since 2012, to introduce global health concepts to Kazan State Medical University (KSMU) in Russia. The purpose was to educate Russian physicians and medical trainees about the practice of clinical medicine and medical education, as well as the general practice of global health in culturally diverse, resource-limited settings...
September 2015: Annals of Global Health
Ashish Premkumar, Kareem Raad, Mona H Haidar
The critiques leveled towards medical humanitarianism by the social sciences have yet to be felt in medical education. The elevation of biological suffering, at the detriment of sociopolitical contextualization, has been shown to clearly impact both acute and long-term care of individuals and communities. With many medical students spending a portion of their educational time in global learning experiences, exposure to humanitarianism and its consequences becomes a unique component of biomedical education. How does the medical field reconcile global health education with the critiques of humanitarianism? This paper argues that the medical response to humanitarian reason should begin at the level of a social history...
2016: Anthropology & Medicine
Maribeth Porter, Lisa Mims, Chad Garven, Jennifer Gavin, Peter Carek, Vanessa Diaz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: International health experiences (IHEs) have been associated with improved clinical skills, altruistic attitudes, cross-cultural sensitivity, and exposure to community medicine for residents and medical students. Although an increasing number of family medicine residencies offer IHEs, there are currently no standardized competencies or guidelines for developing IHEs. The aim of this study was to examine the content of IHEs in order to provide an overview of the current landscape of global health training in family medicine residency programs...
February 2016: Family Medicine
B P Atiba, K O Ajao, R N Babalola, A E Awosusi, O O Ayeni, K T Ijadunola
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B is a major global health problem and is a major infectious and occupational hazard for health workers, especially doctors, nurses, dentists and laboratory staff, including those who are under training, because of exposure to patients' body fluids during clinical activities. Clinical students are also at risk of HBV infection during their training in medical school. HBV vaccination status is very low among medical students in Nigeria AIM: This study assessed the knowledge of clinical students of the Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU), Ile-Ife about hepatitis B virus infection and its modes of prevention...
December 2014: African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
F Hommes, P von Philipsborn, K Geffert, L Karduck
In June 2015 the German Academies of Science and Technology published a report on the structures, developments and challenges in the field of public and global health in Germany. Its call for a strengthening of public and global health in Germany was well received among researchers and practitioners in the field. At the same time criticism arose. Key controversies relate to the future institutional set-up of public and global health research in Germany, the consideration of the social determinants of health versus biomedical and technological approaches, the need for further research versus the need for political implementation of what is already known, and the consideration of the political context, such as intellectual property rights...
February 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
Kenneth V Nyombi, Samuel Kizito, David Mukunya, Angella Nabukalu, Martin Bukama, Joseph Lunyera, Martha Asiimwe, Ivan Kimuli, Robert Kalyesubula
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease has become a leading global health challenge representing the largest cause of mortality in adults worldwide. Non communicable diseases are neglected in Uganda over infectious diseases. With increased urbanization, there is likely increase in burden of these NCDs yet there is paucity of reliable data regarding the NCD burden. We assessed the prevalence of hypertension and other cardiovascular disease risk factors among medical students at Makerere University, College of Health Sciences in Kampala, Uganda...
2016: BMC Research Notes
Pascal James Imperato, Denise M Bruno, M Monica Sweeney
Global health electives based in resource-poor countries have become extremely popular with medical students from resource rich ones. As the number of such programs and participants increase, so too do the absolute health and safety risks. It is clear from a number of published reports that many institutions provide little or no meaningful preparedness for students and do little to ensure their health and safety. These deficiencies together can affect students, their foreign hosts, and sponsoring institutions...
April 2016: Journal of Community Health
Jaime Jordan, Risa Hoffman, Gitanjli Arora, Wendy Coates
BACKGROUND: Global health rotations are increasingly popular amongst medical students. The training abroad is highly variable and there is a recognized need for global health curriculum development. We sought to create and evaluate a curriculum, applicable to any global health rotation, that requires students to take an active role in their education and promotes engagement. METHODS: Prospective, observational, mixed method study of 4th year medical students enrolled in global health courses at UCLA in 2011-12...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Gibson Erick Kapanda, Charles Muiruri, Ahaz T Kulanga, Chrispina N Tarimo, Esther Lisasi, Lucy Mimano, Kien Mteta, John A Bartlett
BACKGROUND: Mal-distribution of health care workers is a global health challenge that exacerbates health disparities, especially in resource-limited settings. Interventions to mitigate the problem have targeted qualified personnel with little focus on medical students. However, studies have demonstrated that rural rotations positively influence students to practice in rural settings upon graduation. To evaluate the influence of peripheral rotations in a resource-limited setting, the Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College introduced a 12-week clerkship rotation in peripheral hospitals for third-year medical (MD3) students in 2012...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Sasha Herbst de Cortina, Gitanjli Arora, Traci Wells, Risa M Hoffman
Given the lack of a standardized approach to medical student global health predeparture preparation, we evaluated an in-person, interactive predeparture orientation (PDO) at the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) to understand program strengths, weaknesses, and areas for improvement. We administered anonymous surveys to assess the structure and content of the PDO and also surveyed a subset of students after travel on the utility of the PDO. We used Fisher's exact test to evaluate the association between prior global health experience and satisfaction with the PDO...
March 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Brandon J Birckhead, Trey C Mullikin, Adeel S Zubair, Dema Alniemi, Walter B Franz, John W Bachman
Many incoming medical and undergraduate students seek out international medical mission trips to supplement their education and training. However, few have the necessary skills to perform simple clinical tasks such as taking vital signs or conducting an initial patient interview. We conducted a small pilot study to assess the impact of simulation exercises on teaching incoming first-year medical students and undergraduate students basic clinical skills and teamwork. Our study population consisted of nine incoming medical students and 11 undergraduate students who participated in a training session involving simulated tasks prior to taking a medical mission trip to Nicaragua...
November 2015: Minnesota Medicine
Jennifer Kasper, Jeremy A Greene, Paul E Farmer, David S Jones
As physicians work to achieve optimal health outcomes for their patients, they often struggle to address the issues that arise outside the clinic. Social, economic, and political factors influence patients' burden of disease, access to treatment, and health outcomes. This challenge has motivated recent calls for increased attention to the social determinants of health. At the same time, advocates have called for increased attention to global health. Each year, more U.S. medical students participate in global health experiences...
May 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Melissa K Melby, Lawrence C Loh, Jessica Evert, Christopher Prater, Henry Lin, Omar A Khan
Increasing demand for global health education in medical training has driven the growth of educational programs predicated on a model of short-term medical service abroad. Almost two-thirds of matriculating medical students expect to participate in a global health experience during medical school, continuing into residency and early careers. Despite positive intent, such short-term experiences in global health (STEGHs) may exacerbate global health inequities and even cause harm. Growing out of the "medical missions" tradition, contemporary participation continues to evolve...
May 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Jenna Shaw-Battista, Cynthia Belew, Deborah Anderson, Sandrijn van Schaik
This article describes childbirth simulation design and implementation within the nurse-midwifery education program at the University of California, San Francisco. Nurse-midwife and obstetrician faculty coordinators were supported by faculty from multiple professions and specialties in curriculum review and simulation development and implementation. The primary goal of the resulting technology-enhanced simulations of normal physiologic birth and obstetric emergencies was to assist learners' development of interprofessional competencies related to communication, teamwork, and patient-centered care...
November 2015: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Susan A DeJoy, Heather Z Sankey, Anissa E Dickerson, Audrey Psaltis, Amy Galli, Ronald T Burkman
This article examines the history and present state of the midwife as laborist. The role of the midwife and obstetrician laborist/hospitalist is rapidly evolving due to the need to improve patient safety and provide direct care due to reduced resident work hours, as well as practice demands experienced by community providers and other factors. Models under development are customized to meet the needs of different communities and hospitals. Midwives are playing a prominent role in many laborist/hospitalist practices as the first-line hospital provider or as part of a team with physicians...
November 2015: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Rebekah Kaplan, Jenna Shaw-Battista, Naomi Ellen Stotland
There is a current emphasis on interprofessional education in health care with the aim to improve teamwork and ultimately the quality and safety of care. As part of a Health Resources and Services Administration Advanced Nursing Education project, an interprofessional faculty and student team planned and implemented the first didactic coursework for nurse-midwifery and medical students at the University of California, San Francisco and responded to formative feedback in order to create a more meaningful educational experience for future combined cohorts...
November 2015: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Pamela J Reis, Karl Faser, Marquietta Davis
Scheduling interprofessional team-based activities for health sciences students who are geographically dispersed, with divergent and often competing schedules, can be challenging. The use of Web-based technologies such as 3-dimensional (3D) virtual learning environments in interprofessional education is a relatively new phenomenon, which offers promise in helping students come together in online teams when face-to-face encounters are not possible. The purpose of this article is to present the experience of a nurse-midwifery education program in a Southeastern US university in delivering Web-based interprofessional education for nurse-midwifery and third-year medical students utilizing the Virtual Community Clinic Learning Environment (VCCLE)...
November 2015: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
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