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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872512/untreated-surgical-conditions-in-malawi-a-randomised-cross-sectional-nationwide-household-survey
#1
Carlos Varela, Sven Young, Reinou Groen, Leonard Banza, Nyengo C Mkandawire, Asgaut Viste
Background: Noncommunicable diseases, such as surgical conditions have received little attention from public health planners in low income countries (LIC) like Malawi. Though increasingly recognised as a growing global health problem, the burden of surgical pathologies and access to surgical care has not been adequately identified in many LIC. Information on the spectrum and burden of surgical disease in Malawi is important to uncover the unmet need for surgery and for planning of the National Health Service...
September 2017: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805120/international-medical-electives-in-selected-african-countries-a-phenomenological-study-on-host-experience
#2
Elspeth M Fotheringham, Pippa Craig, Elina Tor
Objectives: To explore the host experience on international medical electives at a selection of hospitals in low- and middle-income countries in Africa. Outcomes of the study may inform and improve the preparation of global health curriculum, pre-elective training and debriefing for international medical electives. Methods: A descriptive phenomenological study was undertaken, involving semi-structured interviews with ten elective hosts at seven study sites in three African countries...
May 23, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791940/global-neurology-navigating-career-possibilities
#3
Nicoline Schiess, Deanna Saylor, Joseph Zunt
Neurology has not typically been associated with international relief work; however, with the growth of chronic cardiovascular disease and stroke associated with unhealthy eating and sedentary ways, the appearance of "new" neurologic diseases, such as the Zika and West Nile viruses, and the high numbers of seizure disorders resulting from neuroinfectious diseases, more opportunities are arising for international and globally oriented neurologists. Multiple opportunities exist for developing a global clinician-educator career pathway, including private institutions, nongovernmental organizations, government-funded opportunities such as Medical Education Partnership Initiative, Fogarty and Fulbright Scholarships, and the American Academy of Neurology's Global Health Section...
April 2018: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642906/ethical-learning-on-international-medical-electives-a-case-based-analysis-of-medical-student-learning-experiences
#4
Gemma Bowsher, Laura Parry-Billings, Anna Georgeson, Paula Baraitser
BACKGROUND: Students on international medical electives face complex ethical issues when undertaking clinical work. The variety of elective destinations and the culturally specific nature of clinical ethical issues suggest that pre-elective preparation could be supplemented by in-elective support. METHODS: An online, asynchronous, case-based discussion was piloted to support ethical learning on medical student electives. We developed six scenarios from elective diaries to stimulate peer-facilitated discussions during electives...
April 11, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596764/the-role-of-medical-students-in-short-term-experiences-in-global-health-a-perspective-from-s%C3%A3-o-tom%C3%A3-island
#5
Joana Revés, Lawrence C Loh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2018: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565733/-they-will-come-to-understand-supervisor-reflections-on-international-medical-electives
#6
Erica Roebbelen, Katie Dorman, Andrea Hunter, Christian Kraeker, Tim O'Shea, Nikki Bozinoff
Phenomenon: Increasing numbers of medical students from high-income countries are undertaking international medical electives (IMEs) during their training. Much has been written about the benefits of these experiences for the student, and concerns have been raised regarding the burden of IMEs on host communities. The voices of physicians from low- and middle-income countries who supervise IMEs have not been explored in depth. The current study sought to investigate host-physician perspectives on IMEs. APPROACH: Host supervisors were recruited by convenience sampling through students travelling abroad for IMEs during the summer of 2012...
March 22, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542435/linking-global-health-to-local-health-within-an-ob-gyn-residency-program
#7
Sara Whetstone, Meg Autry
An unprecedented number of medical students and residents express the desire to participate in global health work during their training and beyond. Preparing learners for work in underserved settings makes it more likely that they will continue to work in areas of need. Training programs that focus on global health have been criticized as there is ample work to be done in the US, and often global health work becomes learner-centric, which is difficult to maintain and potentially burdensome and harmful to the host site...
March 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492264/the-importance-of-evolutionary-medicine-in-developing-countries-a-case-for-pakistan-s-medical-schools
#8
REVIEW
Syed Faaiz Enam, Shumaila Hashmi
Evolutionary Medicine (EM) is a fundamental science exploring why our bodies are plagued with disease and hindered by limitations. EM views the body as an assortment of benefits, mistakes, and compromises molded over millennia. It highlights the role of evolution in numerous diseases encountered in community and family medicine clinics of developing countries. It enables us to ask informed questions and develop novel responses to global health problems. An understanding of the field is thus crucial for budding doctors, but its study is currently limited to a handful of medical schools in high-income countries...
2018: Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457923/flipping-social-determinants-on-its-head-medical-student-perspectives-on-the-flipped-classroom-and-simulated-patients-to-teach-social-determinants-of-health
#9
N Gostelow, J Barber, F Gishen, A Berlin
BACKGROUND: Inequalities in healthcare are increasing. Engaging medical students to tackle this urgent challenge alongside clinical sciences can be demanding. This study examines medical student perceptions of a flipped approach to health inequalities co-designed by faculty and sixth-year students. INNOVATION: A flipped learning session was piloted for year 4 medical students combining an online lesson followed by a tutorial with a simulated patient. METHODS: A mixed-methods approach collected questionnaire data using 4-point Likert scales and free text answers...
February 19, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394388/protecting-the-health-of-medical-students-on-international-electives-in-low-resource-settings
#10
Niall Johnston, Nichola Sandys, Rosemary Geoghegan, Diarmuid O'Donovan, Gerard Flaherty
Background: Increasingly, medical students from developed countries are undertaking international medical electives in developing countries. Medical students understand the many benefits of these electives, such as the opportunity to develop clinical skills, to gain insight into global health issues and to travel to interesting regions of the world. However, they may be much less aware of the risk to their health and wellbeing while abroad. Compounding this problem, medical students may not seek advice from travel medicine practitioners and often receive inadequate or no information from their medical school prior to departure...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336206/working-in-global-health-a-planning-and-implementation-framework-for-international-electives
#11
Sarah T Thomas, Elizabeth T Thomas, Michelle McLean
PURPOSE: Propose a framework for planning and undertaking an international elective. METHODS: On returning from conducting maternal health and well-being research in several remote communities in India, two undergraduate medical students have reflected on and documented their experiences with the view to assisting other students (and their supervisors) considering undertaking an international elective. RESULTS: A framework for undertaking clinical or research electives in remote or rural communities is presented...
January 16, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240454/a-comparison-of-the-expectations-and-experiences-of-medical-students-from-high-middle-and-low-income-countries-participating-in-global-health-clinical-electives
#12
Michael J Peluso, Adam Rodman, Douglas A Mata, Anne T Kellett, Susan van Schalkwyk, Robert M Rohrbaugh
Phenomenon: Global health education (GHE) is expanding to include socioculturally and resource-different settings, with the goal of developing a workforce with members who can promote health equity locally and globally. GHE is also no longer limited to students from high-income countries (HICs). However, it is unknown whether the motivations and experiences of medical students from HICs and from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) participating in GHE clinical electives through institutional partnerships are similar or different...
January 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221536/exploration-of-global-health-careers-across-the-medical-fields
#13
Ernest Barthélemy, Vanessa Mallol, Alisse Hannaford, Christian Pean, Rehema Kutua, Christopher de Haydu, Natasha Anandaraja, Ramin Asgary, Ebrahim Elahi, Braden Hexom, Philip Landrigan, Taraneh Shirazian, Craig Katz
BACKGROUND: Despite expansion of interest among American medical students in global health (GH), academic medical centers face multiple obstacles to the development of structured GH curricula and career guidance. To meet these demands we sought to provide a systematic analysis of the accounts of GH experts. METHODS: We developed a collaborative, interview-based, qualitative analysis of GH experiences across six career-related themes that are relevant to medical students interested in GH: justification, medical education, economics, research prospects, law and ethics, and work-life balance...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094625/ethical-dilemmas-during-international-clinical-rotations-in-global-health-settings-findings-from-a-training-and-debriefing-program
#14
Michael J Peluso, Stacey Kallem, Mei Elansary, Tracy L Rabin
PURPOSE: This study describes the impact of an open-access, case-based global health ethics workshop and describes the breadth of dilemmas faced by students to inform future interventions. METHODS: Eighty-two medical students who undertook electives at 16 international sites between 2012 and 2015 received web-based surveys at three time points, incorporating quantitative and free-text probes of knowledge, skills, and attitudes related to global health clinical ethics dilemmas...
January 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056610/problem-based-peer-to-peer-global-mental-health-e-learning-between-the-uk-and-somaliland-a-pilot-study
#15
Roberta Murphy, Elliot Clissold, Roxanne C Keynejad
BACKGROUND: WHO's mental health gap action programme intervention guide (mhGAP-IG) is an evidence-based tool aimed at front-line health workers in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). Its potential to improve global mental health education, especially through digital technologies, has been little studied. Problem-based learning (PBL) is usually conducted face-to-face, but its remote application could facilitate cross-cultural education. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate PBL, applied to peer-to-peer global mental health e-learning (Aqoon), using mhGAP-IG...
November 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989010/global-health-education-for-medical-students-when-learning-objectives-include-research
#16
Alison M Bales, Anthony R Oddo, David J Dennis, Robert C Siska, Echo VanderWal, Harry VanderWal, Nompumelelo Dlamini, Ronald J Markert, Mary C McCarthy
BACKGROUND: The Luke Commission, a provider of comprehensive mobile health outreach in rural Swaziland, focuses on human immunodeficiency virus testing and prevention, including the performance of over 100 circumcisions weekly. Educational objectives for medical student global health electives are essential. Learning research methodology while engaging in clinical activities reinforces curriculum goals. Medical care databases can produce clinically significant findings affecting international health policy...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963299/development-of-a-physical-activity-monitoring-tool-for-thai-medical-schools-a-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study
#17
Apichai Wattanapisit, Surasak Vijitpongjinda, Udomsak Saengow, Waluka Amaek, Sanhapan Thanamee, Prachyapan Petchuay
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity (PA) is important in promoting health, as well as in the treatment and prevention of diseases. However, insufficient PA is still a global health problem and it is also a problem in medical schools. PA training in medical curricula is still sparse or non-existent. There is a need for a comprehensive understanding of the extent of PA in medical schools through several indicators, including people, places and policies. This study includes a survey of the PA prevalence in a medical school and development of a tool, the Medical School Physical Activity Report Card (MSPARC), which will contain concise and understandable infographics and information for exploring, monitoring and reporting information relating to PA prevalence...
September 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771800/current-efforts-in-medical-education-to-incorporate-national-health-priorities
#18
Manisha Nair, Gracia Fellmeth
As a reflection on the Edinburgh Declaration, this conceptual synthesis presents six important challenges in relation to the role of medical education in meeting current national health priorities. CONTEXT: This paper presents a conceptual synthesis of current efforts in medical education to incorporate national health priorities as a reflection on how the field has evolved since the Edinburgh Declaration. Considering that health needs vary from country to country, our paper focuses on three broad and cross-cutting themes: health equity, health systems strengthening, and changing patterns of disease...
January 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767491/medical-student-perceptions-of-global-surgery-at-an-academic-institution-identifying-gaps-in-global-health-education
#19
Ambar Mehta, Tim Xu, Matthew Murray, Kathleen M Casey
PURPOSE: Robust global health demands access to safe, affordable, timely surgical care for all. The long-term success of global surgery requires medical students to understand and engage with this emerging field. The authors characterized medical students' perceptions of surgical care relative to other fields within global health. METHOD: An optional, anonymous survey was given to all Johns Hopkins medical students from February to March 2016 to assess perceptions of surgical care and its role in global health...
December 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758830/the-truth-lies-somewhere-in-the-middle-swinging-between-globalization-and-regionalization-of-medical-education-in-japan
#20
Takuya Saiki, Rintaro Imafuku, Yasuyuki Suzuki, Nobutaro Ban
Japan is well known as a super-aging society, with a low birth rate, and has been ranked as one of the countries having the highest quality of healthcare system. Japan's society is currently approaching a major turning point with regard to societal and healthcare reforms, which are influenced by international trends and regional needs. Development of Japanese healthcare human resources, including medical students, is now expected to ride the wave of globalization, while resolving regional problems in the training and delivery of healthcare...
July 31, 2017: Medical Teacher
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