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"Global health" and "medical student"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221536/exploration-of-global-health-careers-across-the-medical-fields
#1
Ernest Barthélemy, Vanessa Mallol, Alisse Hannaford, Christian Pean, Rehema Kutua, Christopher de Haydu, Natasha Anandaraja, Ramin Asgary, Ebrahim Elahi, Braden Hexom, Philip Landrigan, Taraneh Shirazian, Craig Katz
BACKGROUND: Despite expansion of interest among American medical students in global health (GH), academic medical centers face multiple obstacles to the development of structured GH curricula and career guidance. To meet these demands we sought to provide a systematic analysis of the accounts of GH experts. METHODS: We developed a collaborative, interview-based, qualitative analysis of GH experiences across six career-related themes that are relevant to medical students interested in GH: justification, medical education, economics, research prospects, law and ethics, and work-life balance...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094625/ethical-dilemmas-during-international-clinical-rotations-in-global-health-settings-findings-from-a-training-and-debriefing-program
#2
Michael J Peluso, Stacey Kallem, Mei Elansary, Tracy L Rabin
PURPOSE: This study describes the impact of an open-access, case-based global health ethics workshop and describes the breadth of dilemmas faced by students to inform future interventions. METHODS: Eighty-two medical students who undertook electives at 16 international sites between 2012 and 2015 received web-based surveys at three time points, incorporating quantitative and free-text probes of knowledge, skills, and attitudes related to global health clinical ethics dilemmas...
November 2, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056610/problem-based-peer-to-peer-global-mental-health-e-learning-between-the-uk-and-somaliland-a-pilot-study
#3
Roberta Murphy, Elliot Clissold, Roxanne C Keynejad
BACKGROUND: WHO's mental health gap action programme intervention guide (mhGAP-IG) is an evidence-based tool aimed at front-line health workers in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). Its potential to improve global mental health education, especially through digital technologies, has been little studied. Problem-based learning (PBL) is usually conducted face-to-face, but its remote application could facilitate cross-cultural education. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate PBL, applied to peer-to-peer global mental health e-learning (Aqoon), using mhGAP-IG...
October 22, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989010/global-health-education-for-medical-students-when-learning-objectives-include-research
#4
Alison M Bales, Anthony R Oddo, David J Dennis, Robert C Siska, Echo VanderWal, Harry VanderWal, Nompumelelo Dlamini, Ronald J Markert, Mary C McCarthy
BACKGROUND: The Luke Commission, a provider of comprehensive mobile health outreach in rural Swaziland, focuses on human immunodeficiency virus testing and prevention, including the performance of over 100 circumcisions weekly. Educational objectives for medical student global health electives are essential. Learning research methodology while engaging in clinical activities reinforces curriculum goals. Medical care databases can produce clinically significant findings affecting international health policy...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963299/development-of-a-physical-activity-monitoring-tool-for-thai-medical-schools-a-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Apichai Wattanapisit, Surasak Vijitpongjinda, Udomsak Saengow, Waluka Amaek, Sanhapan Thanamee, Prachyapan Petchuay
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity (PA) is important in promoting health, as well as in the treatment and prevention of diseases. However, insufficient PA is still a global health problem and it is also a problem in medical schools. PA training in medical curricula is still sparse or non-existent. There is a need for a comprehensive understanding of the extent of PA in medical schools through several indicators, including people, places and policies. This study includes a survey of the PA prevalence in a medical school and development of a tool, the Medical School Physical Activity Report Card (MSPARC), which will contain concise and understandable infographics and information for exploring, monitoring and reporting information relating to PA prevalence...
September 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771800/current-efforts-in-medical-education-to-incorporate-national-health-priorities
#6
Manisha Nair, Gracia Fellmeth
As a reflection on the Edinburgh Declaration, this conceptual synthesis presents six important challenges in relation to the role of medical education in meeting current national health priorities. CONTEXT: This paper presents a conceptual synthesis of current efforts in medical education to incorporate national health priorities as a reflection on how the field has evolved since the Edinburgh Declaration. Considering that health needs vary from country to country, our paper focuses on three broad and cross-cutting themes: health equity, health systems strengthening, and changing patterns of disease...
August 3, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767491/medical-student-perceptions-of-global-surgery-at-an-academic-institution-identifying-gaps-in-global-health-education
#7
Ambar Mehta, Tim Xu, Matthew Murray, Kathleen M Casey
PURPOSE: Robust global health demands access to safe, affordable, timely surgical care for all. The long-term success of global surgery requires medical students to understand and engage with this emerging field. The authors characterized medical students' perceptions of surgical care relative to other fields within global health. METHOD: An optional, anonymous survey was given to all Johns Hopkins medical students from February to March 2016 to assess perceptions of surgical care and its role in global health...
August 1, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758830/the-truth-lies-somewhere-in-the-middle-swinging-between-globalization-and-regionalization-of-medical-education-in-japan
#8
Takuya Saiki, Rintaro Imafuku, Yasuyuki Suzuki, Nobutaro Ban
Japan is well known as a super-aging society, with a low birth rate, and has been ranked as one of the countries having the highest quality of healthcare system. Japan's society is currently approaching a major turning point with regard to societal and healthcare reforms, which are influenced by international trends and regional needs. Development of Japanese healthcare human resources, including medical students, is now expected to ride the wave of globalization, while resolving regional problems in the training and delivery of healthcare...
July 31, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746531/effective-tobacco-control-measures-agreement-among-medical-students
#9
Stella Regina Martins, Renato Batista Paceli, Marco Antônio Bussacos, Frederico Leon Arrabal Fernandes, Gustavo Faibischew Prado, Elisa Maria Siqueira Lombardi, Mário Terra-Filho, Ubiratan Paula Santos
Objective: To determine the level of agreement with effective tobacco control measures recommended by the World Health Organization and to assess the attitudes toward, knowledge of, and beliefs regarding smoking among third-year medical students at University of São Paulo School of Medicine, located in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Methods: Between 2008 and 2012, all third-year medical students were invited to complete a self-administered questionnaire based on the Global Health Professionals Student Survey and its additional modules...
May 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722593/the-benjamin-h-kean-travel-fellowship-in-tropical-medicine-assessment-of-impact-at-15-years
#10
Aubri S Carman, Chandy C John
The Benjamin H. Kean Fellowship in Tropical Medicine is an American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene initiative that provides medical students with funding for international clinical or research experiences lasting at least 1 month. Of the 175 Kean fellows from 1998 to 2013, 140 had current available e-mails, and 70 of the 140 (50%) responded to a survey about their fellowship experience. Alumni indicated that the Kean Fellowship had a high impact on their career plans with regard to preparation for (N = 65, 94...
September 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707639/life-in-unexpected-places-employing-visual-thinking-strategies-in-global-health-training
#11
Jill Allison, Shree Mulay, Monica Kidd
BACKGROUND: The desire to make meaning out of images, metaphor, and other representations indicates higher-order cognitive skills that can be difficult to teach, especially in the complex and unfamiliar environments like those encountered in many global health experiences. Because reflecting on art can help develop medical students' imaginative and interpretive skills, we used visual thinking strategies (VTS) during an immersive 4-week global health elective for medical students to help them construct new understanding of the social determinants of health in a low-resource setting...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619409/student-reflection-papers-on-a-global-clinical-experience-a-qualitative-study
#12
Carmi Z Margolis, Robert M Rohrbaugh, Luisa Tsang, Jennifer Fleischer, Mark J Graham, Anne Kellett, Janet P Hafler
BACKGROUND: Many of the 70,000 graduating US medical students [per year] have reported participating in a global health activity at some stage of medical school. This case study design provided a method for understanding the student's experience that included student's learning about culture, health disparities, exposure and reaction to a range of diseases actually encountered. The broad diversity of themes among students indicated that the GCE provided a flexible, personalized experience...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619402/global-health-values-of-a-multidirectional-near-peer-training-program-in-surgery-pathology-anatomy-research-methodology-and-medical-education-for-haitian-rwandan-and-canadian-medical-students
#13
Malik Elharram, Trish Dinh, Annie Lalande, Susan Ge, Sophie Gao, Geoffroy Noël
BACKGROUND: As health care delivery increasingly requires providers to cross international borders, medical students at McGill University, Canada, developed a multidirectional exchange program with Haiti and Rwanda. The program integrates surgery, pathology, anatomy, research methodology, and medical education. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to explore the global health value of this international training program to improve medical education within the environment of developing countries, such as Haiti and Rwanda, while improving sociocultural learning of Canadian students...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605889/assessment-of-tobacco-habits-attitudes-and-education-among-medical-students-in-the-united-states-and-italy-a-cross-sectional-survey
#14
Grayson W Armstrong, Giacomo Veronese, Paul F George, Isacco Montroni, Giampaolo Ugolini
Objectives: Medical students represent a primary target for tobacco cessation training. This study assessed the prevalence of medical students' tobacco use, attitudes, clinical skills, and tobacco-related curricula in two countries, the US and Italy, with known baseline disparities in hopes of identifying potential corrective interventions. Methods: From September to December 2013, medical students enrolled at the University of Bologna and at Brown University were recruited via email to answer survey questions assessing the prevalence of medical students' tobacco use, attitudes and clinical skills related to patients' smoking, and elements of medical school curricula related to tobacco use...
2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552022/international-infectious-diseases-teaching-to-undergraduate-medical-students-a-successful-european-collaborative-experience
#15
Caroline Charlier, Ingólfur Johannessen, Claire L Mackintosh, David Wilks, Roberto Cauda, Federica I Wolf, Claire Le Jeunne
CONTEXT: The emerging global-health paradigm requires medical teaching to be continuously redefined and updated; to this end, transnational approaches should be encouraged and medical training harmonized. Infectious diseases (ID) teaching in the current context of emerging infections, fast-increasing bacterial resistance and large-scale human migration, was chosen to develop a common international course. OBJECTIVE: We report the successful implementation of a joint European undergraduate course aiming to (i) develop a common ID core curriculum among European medical schools; (ii) promote mobility among teachers and students (iii) promote international cooperation among European teachers...
September 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504028/essential-competencies-in-global-health-research-for-medical-trainees-a-narrative-review
#16
Mary T White, Caley A Satterfield, Jason T Blackard
INTRODUCTION: Participation in short-term educational experiences in global health (STEGHs) among medical trainees is increasingly accompanied by interest in conducting research while abroad. Because formal training in both global health and research methods is currently under-represented in most medical curricula, trainees are often unfamiliar with the knowledge, attitudes, and skills necessary to design and conduct research successfully. This narrative review identifies essential global health research competencies for medical trainees engaged in STEGHs...
September 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445222/development-of-an-hiv-postexposure-prophylaxis-pep-protocol-for-trainees-engaging-in-academic-global-health-experiences
#17
Gitanjli Arora, Risa M Hoffman
PROBLEM: Global health (GH) education programs have become increasingly common in U.S. medical schools and graduate medical education programs, with growing numbers of medical students, residents, and fellows participating in clinical experiences in settings with high HIV prevalence and limited resources. However, there are no guidelines for provision of HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) to trainees engaging in these academic GH experiences. APPROACH: Faculty of the Global Health Education Programs (GHEP) at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and GH partner institutions recognized the need for PEP access for trainees engaged in GH experiences...
November 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433757/surgical-volunteerism-or-voluntourism-are-we-doing-more-harm-than-good
#18
EDITORIAL
Faheem Ahmed, Madeline Grade, Carl Malm, Sophia Michelen, Na'eem Ahmed
The significant rise in the number of international health electives undertaken by medical students and doctors in the US, Canada and UK reflects acknowledgement of the inter-connected nature of these challenges to health systems and the drive to help solve them. However, the next generation of international volunteers often operate under a conflicting duality: whilst many of their role models have devoted their lives to global health following a similar volunteering experience, there are pervasive ethical problems associated with transient global health work that must be identified and addressed to ensure positive outcomes for all parties involved...
June 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395588/health-promotion-in-medical-education-lessons-from-a-major-undergraduate-curriculum-implementation
#19
Ann Wylie, Kathleen Leedham-Green
Despite the economic, environmental and patient-related imperatives to prepare medical students to become health promoting doctors, health promotion remains relatively deprioritised in medical curricula. This paper uses an in-depth case study of a health promotion curriculum implementation at a large UK medical school to provide insights into the experiences of teachers and learners across a range of topics, pedagogies, and teaching & assessment modalities. Topics included smoking cessation, behavioural change approaches to obesity, exercise prescribing, social prescribing, maternal and child health, public and global health; with pedagogies ranging from e-learning to practice-based project work...
April 10, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344708/support-infrastructure-available-to-canadian-residents-completing-post-graduate-global-health-electives-current-state-and-future-directions
#20
Lojan Sivakumaran, Tasha Ayinde, Fadi Hamadini, Sarkis Meterissian, Tarek Razek, Robert Puckrin, Johanna Munoz, Shawna O'Hearn, Dan L Deckelbaum
BACKGROUND: Global health electives offer medical trainees the opportunity to broaden their clinical horizons. Canadian universities have been encouraged by regulatory bodies to offer institutional support to medical students going abroad; however, the extent to which such support is available to residents has not been extensively studied. METHODS: We conducted a survey study of Canadian universities examining the institutional support available to post-graduate medical trainees before, during, and after global health electives...
December 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
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