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"Global health"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931228/civil-registration-and-vital-statistics-emergencies-and-international-law-understanding-the-intersection
#1
Claire E Brolan, Hebe Gouda
Civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems are typically run by governments to record every birth, adoption, death, marriage, and divorce that occurs among a country's population. Registration of vital events provides individuals with a formal relationship with the State and each other, and is the foundation of a person's identity, nationality, and legal status. At a population level, vital statistics are essential for effective planning and implementation of policies and services. Globally, strong CRVS systems are increasingly recognised as a crucial backbone for redressing health inequities and as a priority in strengthening global health and development efforts...
May 1, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930816/a-comparative-study-of-interprofessional-education-in-global-health-care-a-systematic-review
#2
Chulani Herath, Yangfeng Zhou, Yong Gan, Naomie Nakandawire, Yanghong Gong, Zuxun Lu
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) and its partners identify interprofessional (IP) collaboration in education and practice as an innovative strategy that plays an important role in mitigating the global health workforce crisis. Evidence on the practice of global health level in interprofessional education (IPE) is scarce and hampered due to the absence of aggregate information. Therefore, this systematic review was conducted to examine the incidences of IPE and summarize the main features about the IPE programs in undergraduate and postgraduate education in developed and developing countries...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929421/immunotherapy-of-food-allergy-a-comprehensive-review
#3
REVIEW
Christine Y Y Wai, Nicki Y H Leung, Patrick S C Leung, Ka Hou Chu
Food allergy imposes a severe global health burden, and thus, there is a dire need for safe and effective treatments. Allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) is currently the only approach to restore immune tolerance through administrating increasing doses of allergen extracts. Unfortunately, the development of AIT for food allergies has been impeded by the frequent anaphylactic side effects during the course of treatment. The emergence of component-resolved diagnosis has greatly improved our ability to identify causative allergens and revolutionized the design of AIT...
September 19, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928343/using-maslow-s-hierarchy-to-highlight-power-imbalances-between-visiting-health-professional-student-volunteers-and-the-host-community-an-applied-qualitative-study
#4
Tracey Evans, Orezioghene Akporuno, Katrina M Owens, Brittany Lickers, Jazmin Marlinga, Henry C Lin, Lawrence C Loh
BACKGROUND: Health professional students from high-income countries increasingly participate in short-term experiences in global health (STEGH) conducted abroad. One common criticism of STEGH is the inherent power differential that exists between visiting learners and the local community. To highlight this power differential, this paper explores perceived benefits as described by volunteer and community respondents and applies Maslow's hierarchy of needs to commonly identified themes in each respondent group...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927896/niacin-and-heart-disease-prevention-engraving-its-tombstone-is-a-mistake
#5
REVIEW
Harold Robert Superko, Xue-Qiao Zhao, Howard N Hodis, John R Guyton
Niacin (nicotinic acid) has been used for primary and secondary coronary heart disease prevention for over 40 years. Until recently clinical trials incorporating niacin as part of an intervention strategy consistently demonstrated reduction in clinical events and lesion improvement, including ≥6% absolute mortality reduction. Two large clinical event trials in 2011 (Atherothrombosis Intervention in Metabolic Syndrome With Low HDL/High Triglycerides and Impact on Global Health Outcomes) and 2014 (Heart Protection Study 2-Treatment of HDL to Reduce the Incidence of Vascular Events) concluded that niacin added to statin therapy did not provide clinical event benefit over statin alone...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927489/role-of-exhaled-nasal-nitric-oxide-in-distinguishing-between-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-and-without-nasal-polyps
#6
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) and CRS without nasal polyps (CRSsNP) nasal polypsis a global health concern. Several clinical biomarkers, such as inhaled carbon monoxide and exhaled nitric oxide (NO), have been studied to assess the presence and degree of inflammation in the airway mucosa. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical application of exhaled nasal NO (nNO) in distinguishing between CRSwNP and CRSsNP in consideration of the atopic status of patients...
September 19, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927422/proximity-to-vector-breeding-site-and-risk-of-plasmodium-vivax-infection-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-rural-ethiopia
#7
Alexander Nissen, Jackie Cook, Eskindir Loha, Bernt Lindtjørn
BACKGROUND: Despite falling incidence and mortality since the turn of the century, malaria remains an important global health challenge. In the future fight against malaria, greater emphasis will have to be placed on understanding and addressing malaria caused by the Plasmodium vivax parasite. Unfortunately, due to years of neglect and underfunding, there are currently many gaps in knowledge of P. vivax malaria. The aims of the present study were to explore the association between distance to vector breeding site and P...
September 19, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925968/recent-progress-in-the-development-of-diagnostic-tests-for-malaria
#8
REVIEW
Francis D Krampa, Yaw Aniweh, Gordon A Awandare, Prosper Kanyong
The impact of malaria on global health has continually prompted the need to develop effective diagnostic strategies. In malaria endemic regions, routine diagnosis is hampered by technical and infrastructural challenges to laboratories. These laboratories lack standard facilities, expertise or diagnostic supplies; thus, therapy is administered based on clinical or self-diagnosis. There is the need for accurate diagnosis of malaria due to the continuous increase in the cost of medication, and the emergence and spread of drug resistant strains...
September 19, 2017: Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925060/current-food-allergenic-risk-assessment-is-it-fit-for-novel-foods-status-quo-and-identification-of-gaps
#9
REVIEW
Gabriel Mazzucchelli, Thomas Holzhauser, Tanja Cirkovic-Velickovic, Araceli Diaz-Perales, Elena Molina, Paola Roncada, Pedro Rodrigues, Kitty Verhoeckx, Karin Hoffmann-Sommergruber
Food allergies are recognised as a global health concern. In order to protect allergic consumers from severe symptoms, allergenic risk assessment for well known foods and foods containing genetically modified ingredients was installed. However, population is steadily growing and there is a rising need to provide adequate protein-based foods, including novel sources, not yet used for human consumption. In this context safety issues such as a potential increased allergenic risk need to be assessed before marketing novel food sources...
September 19, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923820/family-medicine-in-ethiopia-lessons-from-a-global-collaboration
#10
Ann Evensen, Dawit Wondimagegn, Daniel Zemenfes Ashebir, Katherine Rouleau, Cynthia Haq, Abbas Ghavam-Rassoul, Praseedha Janakiram, Elizabeth Kvach, Heidi Busse, James Conniff, Brian Cornelson
BACKGROUND: Building the capacity of local health systems to provide high-quality, self-sustaining medical education and health care is the central purpose for many global health partnerships (GHPs). Since 2001, our global partner consortium collaborated to establish Family Medicine in Ethiopia; the first Ethiopian family physicians graduated in February 2016. METHODS: The authors, representing the primary Ethiopian, Canadian, and American partners in the GHP, identified obstacles, accomplishments, opportunities, errors, and observations from the years preceding residency launch and the first 3 years of the residency...
September 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923561/update-on-the-safety-of-phosphodiesterase-type-5-inhibitors-for-the-treatment-of-erectile-dysfunction
#11
REVIEW
Faysal A Yafi, Ira D Sharlip, Edgardo F Becher
INTRODUCTION: Phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5Is) have demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED). Although historically found to have limited drug-related adverse events, emerging data have suggested that PDE5Is might be associated with melanoma or recurrence of prostate cancer after radical prostatectomy. AIM: To summarize the literature on the safety of PDE5Is. METHODS: A literature review was performed through PubMed from 1990 through 2016 regarding ED...
September 8, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923519/disability-rights-in-higher-education-programs-the-case-of-medical-schools-and-other-health-related-disciplines
#12
Anastasia Liasidou, Katerina Mavrou
Recognising and respecting the human rights of persons with disabilities constitutes an integral element of a democratic society. This caveat has been long articulated in health professionals' rhetoric on the importance of embedding a human rights discourse in the protection and promotion of individual and global health. Having signed and ratified the International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), state parties are expected to educate doctors and other health professionals to understand the human rights dimension of disability...
September 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922719/baicalein-as-a-potent-neuroprotective-agent-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Kandhasamy Sowndhararajan, Ponnuvel Deepa, Minju Kim, Se Jin Park, Songmun Kim
In recent times, neurodegenerative diseases are the most challenging global health problems. Neuronal cell death or damage is a key factor for many neurodegenerative disorders. Therefore, there has been a growing interest in the development of effective neuroprotective agents, especially from natural sources. In particular, phytochemicals have shown high efficacy with low side effects in various in vitro and in vivo studies. In the various phytoconstituents, flavonoids are important bioactive products and mainly found in various vegetables and fruits...
September 13, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922449/needle-syringe-programmes-and-opioid-substitution-therapy-for-preventing-hepatitis-c-transmission-in-people-who-inject-drugs
#14
REVIEW
Lucy Platt, Silvia Minozzi, Jennifer Reed, Peter Vickerman, Holly Hagan, Clare French, Ashly Jordan, Louisa Degenhardt, Vivian Hope, Sharon Hutchinson, Lisa Maher, Norah Palmateer, Avril Taylor, Julie Bruneau, Matthew Hickman
BACKGROUND: Needle syringe programmes and opioid substitution therapy for preventing hepatitis C transmission in people who inject drugsNeedle syringe programmes (NSP) and opioid substitution therapy (OST) are the primary interventions to reduce hepatitis C (HCV) transmission in people who inject drugs. There is good evidence for the effectiveness of NSP and OST in reducing injecting risk behaviour and increasing evidence for the effectiveness of OST and NSP in reducing HIV acquisition risk, but the evidence on the effectiveness of NSP and OST for preventing HCV acquisition is weak...
September 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922228/anesthesia-capacity-in-ghana-a-teaching-hospital-s-resources-and-the-national-workforce-and-education
#15
Mark A Brouillette, Alfred J Aidoo, Maria A Hondras, Nana A Boateng, Akwasi Antwi-Kusi, William Addison, Alec R Hermanson
BACKGROUND: Quality anesthetic care is lacking in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Global health leaders call for perioperative capacity reports in limited-resource settings to guide improved health care initiatives. We describe a teaching hospital's resources and the national workforce and education in this LMIC capacity report. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH) in Kumasi, Ghana, during 4 weeks in August 2016...
September 14, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922096/the-effects-of-ramadan-fasting-on-body-composition-blood-pressure-glucose-metabolism-and-markers-of-inflammation-in-nafld-patients-an-observational-trial
#16
Fereshteh Aliasghari, Azimeh Izadi, Bahram Pourghassem Gargari, Sara Ebrahimi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a chronic liver disease and is a serious global health problem. Regarding the increasing prevalence of NAFLD, finding various strategies to prevent and manage the disease is of great importance. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of caloric restriction during Ramadan fasting on anthropometric indices, fasting glucose, plasma insulin, insulin resistance, and inflammatory cytokines (C-reactive protein and interleukin 6) in patients with NAFLD...
September 18, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922040/professional-generational-and-gender-differences-in-perception-of-organisational-values-among-israeli-physicians-and-nurses-implications-for-retention
#17
Sigalit Warshawski, Sivia Barnoy, Ilya Kagan
The global health workforce today is more age diverse than ever before and spans three generations: baby boomers, X and Y generations. Each generation has a distinct set of characteristics, values, and beliefs. This diversity can lead to increased creativity and a greater richness of values and skills, but at the same time it can also lead to value clashes, disrespect, and conflicts. This study aimed to examine professional, generational, and gender differences in the perception of the importance of organisational values among nurses and physicians working in both hospitals and outpatient clinics in Israel...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920743/a-history-of-global-health-interventions-into-the-lives-of-other-people-by-randall-m-packard-a-history-of-global-health-interventions-into-the-lives-of-other-people-randall-m-packard-baltimore-johns-hopkins-university-press-2016-xii-414-p-35
#18
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920518/the-indirect-costs-of-underfunding-foreign-partners-in-global-health-research-a-case-study
#19
Johanna T Crane, Irene Andia Biraro, Tamer M Fouad, Yap Boum, David R Bangsberg
This study of a global health research partnership assesses how U.S. fiscal administrative policies impact capacity building at foreign partner institutions. We conducted a case study of a research collaboration between Mbarara University of Science and Technology (MUST) in Mbarara, Uganda, and originally the University of California San Francisco (UCSF), but now Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). Our case study is based on three of the authors' experiences directing and working with this partnership from its inception in 2003 through 2015...
September 16, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919795/type-2-diabetes-in-vietnam-a-cross-sectional-prevalence-based-cost-of-illness-study
#20
Nguyen Tu Dang Le, Luyen Dinh Pham, Trung Quang Vo
BACKGROUND: According to the International Diabetes Federation, total global health care expenditures for diabetes tripled between 2003 and 2013 because of increases in the number of people with diabetes as well as in the average expenditures per patient. This study aims to provide accurate and timely information about the economic impacts of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Vietnam. METHOD: The cost-of-illness estimates followed a prospective, prevalence-based approach from the societal perspective of T2DM with 392 selected diabetic patients who received treatment from a public hospital in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, during the 2016 fiscal year...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
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