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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231627/factors-predicting-recovery-from-suicide-in-attempted-suicide-patients
#1
Fan-Ko Sun, Chu-Yun Lu, Yun Shan Tseng, Chun-Ying Chiang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the factors predicting suicide recovery and to provide guidance for healthcare professionals when caring for individuals who have attempted suicide. BACKGROUND: The high rate of suicide is a global health problem. Suicide prevention has become an important issue in contemporary mental health. Most suicide research has focused on suicidal prevention and care. There is a lack of research on the factors predicting suicidal recovery DESIGN: A cross-sectional design was adopted...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229924/outcomes-in-adults-and-children-with-end-stage-kidney-disease-requiring-dialysis-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#2
Gloria Ashuntantang, Charlotte Osafo, Wasiu A Olowu, Fatiu Arogundade, Abdou Niang, John Porter, Saraladevi Naicker, Valerie A Luyckx
BACKGROUND: The burden of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) in sub-Saharan Africa is unknown but is probably high. Access to dialysis for ESKD is limited by insufficient infrastructure and catastrophic out-of-pocket costs. Most patients remain undiagnosed, untreated, and die. We did a systematic literature review to assess outcomes of patients who reach dialysis and the quality of dialysis received. METHODS: We searched PubMed, African Journals Online, WHO Global Health Library, and Web of Science for articles in English or French from sub-Saharan Africa reporting dialysis outcomes in patients with ESKD published between Jan 1, 1990, and Dec 22, 2015...
February 17, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229472/human-capital-gaps-in-vaccine-development-an-issue-for-global-vaccine-development-and-global-health
#3
Andrea Cawein, Emilio Emini, Michael Watson, Joanna Dailey, John Donnelly, Dina Tresnan, Tom Evans, Stanley Plotkin, William Gruber
Despite the success of vaccines in reducing the morbidity and mortality associated with infectious diseases, many infectious diseases, both newly emerging and well known, lack vaccines. The global capability for beginning-to-end vaccine development has become limited, primarily owing to a scarcity of human capital necessary to guide the development of novel vaccines from the laboratory to the marketplace. Here, we identify and discuss the gaps in human capital necessary for robust vaccine development and make recommendations to begin to address these deficiencies...
February 23, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229139/pti2-dach-the-iodido-analogue-of-oxaliplatin-as-a-candidate-for-colorectal-cancer-treatment-chemical-and-biological-features
#4
D Cirri, S Pillozzi, C Gabbiani, J Tricomi, G Bartoli, M Stefanini, E Michelucci, A Arcangeli, L Messori, T Marzo
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a global health problem being the fourth most common cause of death due to cancer worldwide. Oxaliplatin plays a key role in current CRC treatment but shows serious drawbacks, such as a high systemic toxicity and the frequent insurgence of Pt resistance. In search of novel and more efficacious Pt-based drugs for CRC treatment, we synthesized and characterised PtI2(DACH), an oxaliplatin analogue. PtI2(DACH) was obtained through the replacement of bidentate oxalate with two iodides...
February 23, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229096/a-study-of-global-health-elective-outcomes-a-pediatric-residency-experience
#5
Christiana M Russ, Tony Tran, Melanie Silverman, Judith Palfrey
Background and Objectives: To identify the effects of global health electives over a decade in a pediatric residency program. Methods: This was an anonymous email survey of the Boston Combined Residency alumni funded for global health electives from 2002 to 2011. A test for trend in binomial proportions and logistic regression were used to document associations between elective and participant characteristics and the effects of the electives. Qualitative data were also analyzed. Results: Of the 104 alumni with available email addresses, 69 (66%) responded, describing 94 electives...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228975/the-politics-of-global-public-health-in-fragile-states-and-ungoverned-territories
#6
Frederick M Burkle
The reasons for global health crises and how the world responds to them have dramatically changed over the last half century. Increasingly, natural disasters result in failure of public health and security systems leading to preventable conflict, unconventional war and unprecedented population migration. While scientific expertise exists to mitigate these failures in fragile states and ungoverned territories, inactions are mired by the lack of political will, international legal mandates, and capacity to strategically monitor multidisciplinary public health indicator failures...
January 9, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228277/prospects-for-a-zika-virus-vaccine
#7
REVIEW
Dan H Barouch, Stephen J Thomas, Nelson L Michael
A recent unprecedented outbreak of Zika virus (ZIKV) in the Americas has been associated with microcephaly and other congenital malformations in infants as well as Guillain-Barre syndrome in adults. The development of a safe and effective ZIKV vaccine is therefore an urgent global health priority. Promising data from preclinical vaccine studies in mice and monkeys suggest that an effective vaccine will likely be possible, but important scientific challenges remain. Here we review the current state of ZIKV vaccine development...
February 21, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227330/changes-in-inhaler-inhalation-acoustic-features-during-induced-bronchoconstriction-a-pilot-study
#8
Thomas A McCartan, Terence E Taylor, Imran Sulaiman, Richard W Costello, Richard B Reilly, Thomas A McCartan, Terence E Taylor, Imran Sulaiman, Richard W Costello, Richard B Reilly, Richard B Reilly, Thomas A McCartan, Terence E Taylor, Imran Sulaiman, Richard W Costello
Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease affecting millions of people worldwide, and is consequently a major issue for global health. Exacerbations are acute events involving the worsening of asthma's primary respiratory symptoms and are a major cause of morbidity in asthma patients, largely due to the unpredictability of their onset. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between changes in acoustic features of inhaler inhalations and changes in forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) that occur during a simulated exacerbation, a bronchial challenge test (BCT)...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226776/an-in-silico-model-of-the-effects-of-vitamin-d3-on-mycobacterium-infected-macrophage
#9
Maya Gough, Elebeoba May, Maya Gough, Elebeoba May, Maya Gough, Elebeoba May
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a global health concern, causing over one million deaths a year. Alveolar macrophages, as the primary host cell of this intracellular bacterium, play an important role in the course of disease. Vitamin D3 is known to have a potent effect on macrophage behavior during infection, modulating the production of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and immune effector molecules. In a vitamin D3 deficient host, the immune systems response to infection is greatly impaired. We used a quantitative systems biology approach to model the intracellular effects of vitamin D3 and compared our simulation output to our in vitro model of mycobacterium infection of macrophages in the presence and absence of Vitamin D3...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225666/the-perils-of-trumping-science-in-global-health-the-mexico-city-policy-and-beyond
#10
Nathan C Lo, Michele Barry
During his first week in office, President Donald Trump reinstated an executive order banning U.S. aid to any international organization that supports abortion-related activities, including counseling or referrals. The so-called Mexico City Policy — colloquially referred to as the "global gag rule"..
February 22, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225463/doctors-without-borders
#11
Val Wass, Lesley Southgate
The unprecedented demands of patient and population priorities created by globalization and escalating health and social inequities will not be met unless medical education changes. Educators have failed to move fast enough to create an education framework that meets current population needs. A new common set of professional values around global social accountability is necessary. Education borders must be broken down at three levels-societal-institutional, interpersonal, and individual.At a societal-institutional level, global health must be embraced as part of a philosophy of population needs, human rights, equity, and justice...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225393/integrating-global-health-concepts-into-study-abroad-curricula
#12
Linda S Johanson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223434/spatial-analysis-of-regional-factors-and-lung-cancer-mortality-in-china-1973-2013
#13
Xiaoping Shen, Limin Wang, Li Zhu
BACKGROUND: China's lung cancer crude death rate has increased 6.9-fold from 1973 to 2014. During this time, the country experienced extremely rapid economic growth and social change. It is important to understand the effects of risk factors on Lung Cancer Mortality (LCM) for better allocation of limited resources of cancer prevention and control in China. METHODS: Using three nationwide mortality surveys from 1973 to 2005, Global Health Data Exchange data in 2013, three nationwide smoking surveys from 1984 to 2013, four population censuses from 1964 to 2000, and other datasets, we have compiled datasets and developed spatial random effect models to assess the association of various area level contributing factors on LCM...
February 21, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222724/financial-barriers-and-coping-strategies-a-qualitative-study-of-accessing-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-and-tuberculosis-care-in-yunnan-china
#14
C Hutchison, M S Khan, J Yoong, X Lin, R J Coker
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) and multidrug-resistance tuberculosis (MDR-TB) pose serious challenges to global health, particularly in China, which has the second highest case burden in the world. Disparities in access to care for the poorest, rural TB patients may be exacerbated for MDR-TB patients, although this has not been investigated widely. We examine whether certain patient groups experience different barriers to accessing TB services, whether there are added challenges for patients with MDR-TB, and how patients and health providers cope in Yunnan, a mountainous province in China with a largely rural population and high TB burden...
February 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220151/prioritizing-zoonotic-diseases-in-ethiopia-using-a-one-health-approach
#15
Emily G Pieracci, Aron J Hall, Radhika Gharpure, Abraham Haile, Elias Walelign, Asefa Deressa, Getahun Bahiru, Meron Kibebe, Henry Walke, Ermias Belay
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has the second largest human population in Africa and the largest livestock population on the continent. About 80% of Ethiopians are dependent on agriculture and have direct contact with livestock or other domestic animals. As a result, the country is vulnerable to the spread of zoonotic diseases. As the first step of the country's engagement in the Global Health Security Agenda, a zoonotic disease prioritization workshop was held to identify significant zoonotic diseases of mutual concern for animal and human health agencies...
December 2016: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219991/impacts-on-global-health-from-nursing-research
#16
Kimberly Baltzell, Monica McLemore, Mona Shattell, Sally Rankin
Infectious disease continues to adversely affect populations in low- and middle-income countries. Investments in solutions often focus on technology, yet health-care workers remain in short supply. Nurses are the largest cadre of health-care workers and are largely responsible for patient care around the world. In fact, it is estimated that nurses care for nine out of every 10 patients seen. Importantly, sound nursing science contributes to solutions that directly impact patient care, especially, those that pertain to infectious disease...
February 20, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219879/use-of-online-forums-for-perinatal-mental-illness-stigma-and-disclosure-an-exploratory-model
#17
Donna Moore, Nicholas Drey, Susan Ayers
BACKGROUND: Perinatal mental illness is a global health concern; however, many women with the illness do not get the treatment they need to recover. Interventions that reduce the stigma around perinatal mental illness have the potential to enable women to disclose their symptoms to health care providers and consequently access treatment. There are many online forums for perinatal mental illness and thousands of women use them. Preliminary research suggests that online forums may promote help-seeking behavior, potentially because they have a role in challenging stigma...
February 20, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219598/physical-activity-among-organ-recipients-data-collected-from-the-latin-american-transplant-games
#18
A N Atamañuk, J P Ortiz Fragola, M Casonu, C Lirio, V Graziano, F Cicora
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular complications after transplantation are an important cause of non-transplant-related deaths. Depression and anxiety are not unusual among organ recipients. Physical activity reduces cardiovascular risk and promotes a sensation of well-being. The aims of the study were to examine how exercise affects psychological well-being sensation in organ recipients and to describe the physician's role in promoting and controlling safe sport training in transplanted patients...
March 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219436/from-local-adaptation-to-activism-and-global-solidarity-framing-a-research-and-innovation-agenda-towards-true-health-equity
#19
EDITORIAL
Eric A Friedman, Lawrence O Gostin
The proposal for a global health treaty aimed at health equity, the Framework Convention on Global Health, raises the fundamental question of whether we can achieve true health equity, globally and domestically, and if not, how close we can come. Considerable knowledge currently exists about the measures required to, at the least, greatly improve health equity. Why, then, do immense inequities remain? Building on this basic question, we propose four areas that could help drive the health equity research and innovation agenda over the coming years...
February 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219409/erratum-to-global-health-workforce-labor-market-projections-for-2030
#20
Jenny X Liu, Yevgeniy Goryakin, Akiko Maeda, Tim Bruckner, Richard Scheffler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2017: Human Resources for Health
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