keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"Global health"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535398/nurses-occupational-physical-activity-levels-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Stephanie E Chappel, Simone J J M Verswijveren, Brad Aisbett, Julie Considine, Nicola D Ridgers
BACKGROUND: Nurses' physical performance at work has implications both for nurses' occupational health and patient care. Although nurses are the largest healthcare workforce, are present 24-hours a day, and engage in many physically demanding tasks, nurses' occupational physical activity levels are poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to examine nurses' occupational physical activity levels, and explore how nurses accumulate their physical activity during a shift...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535285/delayed-hospital-discharges-of-older-patients-a-systematic-review-on-prevalence-and-costs
#2
Filipa Landeiro, Kenny Roberts, Alastair Mcintosh Gray, José Leal
Purpose of the Study: To determine the prevalence of delayed discharges of elderly inpatients and associated costs. Design and Methods: We searched Medline, Embase, Global Health, CAB Abstracts, Econlit, Web of Knowledge, EBSCO - CINAHL, The Cochrane Library, Health Management Information Consortium, and SCIE - Social Care Online for evidence published between 1990 and 2015 on number of days or proportion of delayed discharges for elderly inpatients in acute hospitals...
May 23, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534742/looming-threat-of-asian-tobacco-companies-to-global-health
#3
Kelley Lee, Jappe Eckhardt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 20, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534717/global-health-security-agenda-joint-external-evaluation-and-legislation-a-1-year-review
#4
Michele Forzley
In 2014, the IHR Review Committee recommended moving from exclusive self-evaluation to a combination of domestic and independent experts and began the process in conjunction with stakeholders to develop the Joint External Evaluation tool. The tool was launched in February 2016, and at the 2016 WHA, the IHR Review Committee recommended that all states parties should undertake assessments of their core capacities using the JEE tool and results of other evaluation processes such as the OIE PVS. A goal was set to conduct 50 country JEE assessments prior to WHA 2017...
May 23, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534077/white-matter-injury-in-the-preterm-infant-pathology-and-mechanisms
#5
REVIEW
Stephen A Back
The human preterm brain is particularly susceptible to cerebral white matter injury (WMI) that disrupts the normal progression of developmental myelination. Advances in the care of preterm infants have resulted in a sustained reduction in the severity of WMI that has shifted from more severe focal necrotic lesions to milder diffuse WMI. Nevertheless, WMI remains a global health problem and the most common cause of chronic neurological morbidity from cerebral palsy and diverse neurobehavioral disabilities. Diffuse WMI involves maturation-dependent vulnerability of the oligodendrocyte (OL) lineage with selective degeneration of late oligodendrocyte progenitors (preOLs) triggered by oxidative stress and other insults...
May 22, 2017: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533864/faculty-development-in-family-medicine-education-what-is-needed
#6
Brian Johnson, William Edward Cayley, Bich-May Nguyen, Paul Larson, Maria Del C Colon-Gonzalez, Christine Gibson, Ann Evensen
A growing number of countries are embracing graduate training in the specialty of Family Medicine as a core component of global health systems reform. One significant challenge for new programs is to adequately prepare for educational excellence and leadership. Promising residents are often encouraged to remain in their program as faculty, but may not have had the benefit of specific training in teaching, curriculum development, learner assessment or educational leadership. Faculty Development is a potential avenue to providing these skills to new Family Medicine Faculty and to encourage new graduates to consider teaching...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533572/%C3%AE-lipoic-acid-mitigates-arsenic-induced-hematological-abnormalities-in-adult-male-rats
#7
Sonali Ghosh, Raghwendra Mishra, Sagnik Biswas, Rupak K Bhadra, Prabir K Mukhopadhyay
BACKGROUND: Arsenic toxicity is a major global health problem and exposure via contaminated drinking water has been associated with hematological and other systemic disorders. The present investigation has been conducted in adult male rats to evaluate the protective ability of α-lipoic acid (ALA) against such hematological disorders. METHODS: Twenty-four adult male Wister rats (b.wt.130±10g) were grouped and accordingly group I (control) received the normal diet, group II (treated) was given arsenic orally for 28 consecutive days as arsenic trioxide (3 mg/kgbw/rat/day) whereas group III (supplemented) received the same dose of arsenic along with ALA (25 mg/kgbw/rat/day) as oral supplement...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533529/the-sustainable-development-goals-and-the-global-health-security-agenda-exploring-synergies-for-a-sustainable-and-resilient-world
#8
Sulzhan Bali, Jessica Taaffe
Both the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA) represent bold initiatives to address systematically gaps in previous efforts to assure that societies can be resilient when confronted with potentially overwhelming threats to health. Despite their obvious differences, and differing criticisms of both, they shift away from vertical (problem- or disease-specific) to horizontal (comprehensive) solutions. Despite the comprehensiveness of the SDGs, they lack a specific target for global health security...
May 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533187/host-directed-therapies-offer-novel-opportunities-for-the-fight-against-tuberculosis
#9
REVIEW
Arnaud Machelart, Ok-Ryul Song, Eik Hoffmann, Priscille Brodin
Tuberculosis (TB) remains a leading global health problem that is exacerbated by the emergence of multidrug and extensively drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains. Control of the disease requires novel therapeutic strategies. Modulating host homeostasis appears to be a promising approach, and recent studies have identified novel potential host targets and compounds that could be investigated for host-directed therapies (HDTs). Moreover, the recent development of intracellular high-throughput phenotypic assays makes it possible to screen large libraries of compounds to identify more rapidly new effectors for mycobacterial elimination...
May 19, 2017: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532550/introduction-global-health-issues-in-nephrology
#10
EDITORIAL
Valerie A Luyckx
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532502/perceived-reciprocal-value-of-health-professionals-participation-in-global-child-health-related-work
#11
Sarah Carbone, Jannah Wigle, Nadia Akseer, Raluca Barac, Melanie Barwick, Stanley Zlotkin
BACKGROUND: Leading children's hospitals in high-income settings have become heavily engaged in international child health research and educational activities. These programs aim to provide benefit to the institutions, children and families in the overseas locations where they are implemented. Few studies have measured the actual reciprocal value of this work for the home institutions and for individual staff who participate in these overseas activities. Our objective was to estimate the perceived reciprocal value of health professionals' participation in global child health-related work...
May 22, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532308/contributions-of-national-and-global-health-estimates-to-monitoring-health-related-sustainable-development-goals-in-thailand
#12
Kanitta Bundhamcharoen, Supon Limwattananon, Khanitta Kusreesakul, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) triggered increased demand for data on child and maternal mortality for monitoring progress. With the advent of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and growing evidence of an epidemiological transition towards non-communicable diseases, policy makers need data on mortality and disease trends and distribution to inform effective policies and support monitoring progress. Where there are limited capacities to produce national health estimates (NHEs), global health estimates (GHEs) can fill gaps for global monitoring and comparisons...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532307/global-estimates-of-country-health-indicators-useful-unnecessary-inevitable
#13
Carla AbouZahr, Ties Boerma, Daniel Hogan
BACKGROUND: The MDG era relied on global health estimates to fill data gaps and ensure temporal and cross-country comparability in reporting progress. Monitoring the Sustainable Development Goals will present new challenges, requiring enhanced capacities to generate, analyse, interpret and use country produced data. OBJECTIVE: To summarize the development of global health estimates and discuss their utility and limitations from global and country perspectives. DESIGN: Descriptive paper based on findings of intercountry workshops, reviews of literatureon and synthesis of experiences...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532305/production-and-use-of-estimates-for-monitoring-progress-in-the-health-sector-the-case-of-bangladesh
#14
Karar Zunaid Ahsan, Tazeen Tahsina, Afrin Iqbal, Nazia Binte Ali, Suman Kanti Chowdhury, Tanvir M Huda, Shams El Arifeen
BACKGROUND:  In order to support the progress towards the post-2015 development agenda for the health sector, the importance of high-quality and timely estimates has become evident both globally and at the country level. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: Based on desk review, key informant interviews and expert panel discussions, the paper critically reviews health estimates from both the local (i.e. nationally generated information by the government and other agencies) and the global sources (which are mostly modeled or interpolated estimates developed by international organizations based on different sources of information), and assesses the country capacity and monitoring strategies to meet the increasing data demand in the coming years...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532303/in-the-eye-of-the-beholder-to-make-global-health-estimates-useful-make-them-more-socially-robust
#15
Elizabeth Pisani, Maarten Kok
A plethora of new development goals and funding institutions have greatly increased the demand for internationally comparable health estimates in recent years, and have brought important new players into the field of health estimate production. These changes have rekindled debates about the validity and legitimacy of global health estimates. This paper draws on country case studies and personal experience to support our opinion that the production and use of estimates are deeply embedded in specific social, economic, political and ideational contexts, which differ at different levels of the global health architecture...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531452/the-effect-of-glutamine-and-arginine-enriched-nutritional-support-on-quality-of-life-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-treated-with-imrt
#16
Sezin Yuce Sari, Gozde Yazici, Deniz Yuce, Erdem Karabulut, Mustafa Cengiz, Gokhan Ozyigit
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Oral mucositis and esophagitis are common acute toxicities of radiotherapy (RT) for head and neck cancer (HNC). In order to decrease the rates of these toxicities, we compared quality of life in HNC patients that did and did not receive a glutamine and arginine-enriched solution (GAES) during RT. METHODS: A total of 29 patients received intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT); 15 used GAES b.i.d. during the treatment, and a matched cohort of 14 patients did not...
December 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531148/early-childhood-dental-caries-mouth-pain-and-malnutrition-in-the-ecuadorian-amazon-region
#17
Marvin So, Yianni A Ellenikiotis, Hannah M Husby, Cecilia Leonor Paz, Brittany Seymour, Karen Sokal-Gutierrez
Malnutrition and dental caries in early childhood remain persistent and intertwined global health challenges, particularly for indigenous and geographically-remote populations. To examine the prevalence and associations between early childhood dental caries, parent-reported mouth pain and malnutrition in the Amazonian region of Ecuador, we conducted a cross-sectional study of the oral health and nutrition status of 1407 children from birth through age 6 in the "Alli Kiru" program (2011-2013). We used multivariate regression analysis to examine relationships between severe caries, parent-reported mouth pain measures, and nutritional status...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531097/evolution-not-revolution-nutrition-and-obesity
#18
Elaine C Rush, Mary R Yan
The increasing prevalence of obesity over the course of life is a global health challenge because of its strong and positive association with significant health problems such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, stroke, and some cancers. The complex causes and drivers of obesity include genetic factors, social, ecological and political influences, food production and supply, and dietary patterns. Public health messages and government food and activity guidelines have little impact; the retail food environment has many low-priced, nutrient-poor, but energy-dense products and there is a gap between what an individual knows and what they do...
May 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530045/mental-health-challenges-among-adolescents-living-with-hiv
#19
Rachel C Vreeman, Brittany M McCoy, Sonia Lee
INTRODUCTION: Mental health is a critical and neglected global health challenge for adolescents infected with HIV. The prevalence of mental and behavioural health issues among HIV-infected adolescents may not be well understood or addressed as the world scales up HIV prevention and treatment for adolescents. The objective of this narrative review is to assess the current literature related to mental health challenges faced by adolescents living with HIV, including access to mental health services, the role of mental health challenges during transition from paediatric to adult care services and responsibilities, and the impact of mental health interventions...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529992/minimally-invasive-surgery-for-gastric-cancer-in-usa-current-status-and-future-perspectives
#20
REVIEW
Ashley Russo, Vivian E Strong
The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared gastric carcinoma a global health concern and gastric cancer remains the third leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. With the rising incidence of gastric cancer, a body of both retrospective and randomized data has emerged since the early 1990's evaluating the role of minimally invasive platforms in the management of gastric cancer. While Eastern studies have shown that the laparoscopic approach is safe and feasible for advanced gastric cancer in Eastern patients, it is not clear whether this is true for patients in the West...
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
keyword
keyword
103327
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"