keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Parenteral nutrition neonate

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770842/clinical-features-and-practice-patterns-of-gastroschisis-a-retrospective-analysis-using-a-japanese-national-inpatient-database
#1
Michimasa Fujiogi, Nobuaki Michihata, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Hideo Yasunaga, Jun Fujishiro
PURPOSE: The number of infants with gastroschisis is increasing worldwide, but advances in neonatal intensive care and parenteral nutrition have reduced gastroschisis mortality. Recent clinical data on gastroschisis are often from Western nations. This study aimed to examine clinical features and practice patterns of gastroschisis in Japan. METHODS: We examined treatment options, outcomes, and discharge status among inpatients with simple gastroschisis (SG) and complex gastroschisis (CG), 2010-2016, using a national inpatient database in Japan...
May 16, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715193/severe-lactic-acidosis-in-an-extremely-low-birth-weight-infant-due-to-thiamine-deficiency
#2
Hulya Ozdemir, Hulya Bilgen, Zeynep Alp Unkar, Ertugrul Kiykim, Asli Memisoglu, Eren Ozek
BACKGROUND: In this case report, we present a preterm newborn with persistent lactic acidosis who received total parenteral nutrition (TPN) that lacked thiamine. CASE PRESENTATION: A 28-week-old, 750 g female infant was born with an Apgar score of 8 at the 5th minute. Umbilical cord blood gas levels, including lactate level, were normal, and she was admitted to our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Achieving full enteral feeding was not possible due to gastric residues and abdominal distention, making the patient dependent on TPN during the first 2 weeks of life...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709288/is-the-bishop-koop-procedure-useful-in-severe-jejunoileal-atresia
#3
Yanfen Peng, Haiqing Zheng, Qiuming He, Zhe Wang, Hong Zhang, Puja Bk Chaudhari, Wei Zhong, Jiakang Yu
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to report our experience using the Bishop-Koop procedure for the treatment of various surgical problems of jejunoileal atresia including luminal discrepancy, complex meconium peritonitis, type IIIb and type IV atresia which we defined as severe jejunoileal atresia. METHODS: This retrospective study was performed on the patients with severe jejunoileal atresia who underwent Bishop-Koop procedure at a tertiary center in China over a five year of period...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701872/management-of-ready-to-use-parenteral-nutrition-in-newborns-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Karen Daniela Romero Mena, Olga Lucia Pinzón Espitia, José Alejandro Daza Vergara
Parenteral support has increased the possibility of neonatal recovery. However, complications associated with its use have been documented. One commercial method developed to decrease the complications of this type of support is the ready-to-use parenteral nutrition (PN), a 3-chamber bag that provides a complete nutrient mix. This systematic review seeks, through the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses methodology, to establish the benefits in newborns. Seven databases and gray literature were used...
April 27, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689751/effect-of-standardized-feeding-protocol-on-nutrient-supply-and-postnatal-growth-of-preterm-infants-a-prospective-study
#5
Z Khan, N Morris, H Unterrainer, N Haiden, S J Holasek, B Urlesberger
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a medical emergency and it is becoming evident that adequate nutrition starting in the first hours of life is of major importance for short and even more so for long-term health outcomes of the premature newborn. The aim was to analyze postnatal nutrient supply and growth patterns of preterm infants in response to a standardized feeding protocol during stay at neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted at NICU, Children Hospital Graz...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689743/extravasation-of-total-parenteral-nutrition-into-the-liver-from-an-upper-extremity-peripherally-inserted-central-venous-catheter
#6
Arpit Gupta, Alok Bhutada, Miheret Yitayew, Shantanu Rastogi
Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) are the mainstay of central venous access in preterm infants, and one of the common procedures performed in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Complications of PICC include infection, mechanical dysfunction, thrombosis, migration, and extravasation of the infusate. In this report, we describe a case of PICC inserted from an upper extremity with migration into the inferior vena cava (IVC) and the hepatic vein associated with extravasation of the total parenteral nutrition (TPN) into the peritoneum and the liver...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683522/magnifying-lenses-to-aid-umbilical-catheter-insertion
#7
Aisling M O'Riordan, Oksana Kozdoba, John Fa Murphy, Lisa K McCarthy
Umbilical venous and arterial catheters are frequently inserted into critically ill and preterm newborns in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to administer fluids, drugs and parenteral nutrition; to monitor blood pressure; and for blood sampling(1). Successful catheterisation can be difficult and failure is common because the vessels are small, they are mobile, slippery and easily traumatised. Repeated probing and failure to adequately dilate the opening can cause a false passage adjacent to the vessel that is difficult to correct(2)...
April 23, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666098/a-misplaced-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-presenting-as-contralateral-pleural-effusion
#8
Jogender Kumar, Sudeep K C, Kanya Mukhopadhyay, Somosri Ray
A preterm neonate born at 27 weeks, with a birth weight of 555 g, was on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for apnoea of prematurity and initially received total parenteral nutrition (TPN) through the umbilical venous catheter. Peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) was inserted in the left basilica vein on day 8 to continue TPN. The baby developed respiratory distress with persistent hypoxia after TPN was initiated through the PICC line. The baby required mechanical ventilation due to worsening of respiratory distress, and chest X-ray, as well as ultrasound conducted 12 hours, postinfusion of TPN revealed right-sided pleural effusion...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628208/complex-gastroschisis-clinical-spectrum-and-neonatal-outcomes-at-a-referral-center
#9
Pablo Laje, Maria V Fraga, William H Peranteau, Holly L Hedrick, Nahla Khalek, Juliana S Gebb, Julie S Moldenhauer, Mark P Johnson, Alan W Flake, N Scott Adzick
AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the outcomes of neonates with complex gastroschisis (GC), and correlate outcomes with each type of complication. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with complex GC owing to prenatal and/or postnatal abdominal complications; 2008-2016. Primary outcomes: time to discontinue parenteral nutrition (off-PN), length of stay (LOS) and neonatal survival. MAIN RESULTS: We treated 58 patients with complex gastroschisis owing to abdominal complications, which were: intestinal necrosis at birth (n=9), intestinal atresia (n=16), medical necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) (n=15), surgical NEC (n=1), in utero volvulus (n=1), vanishing gastroschisis (n=2), severe intestinal dysmotility (n=1), delayed abdominal closure (n=3), abdominal compartment syndrome (n=2) and hiatal hernia/severe gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD; n=11)...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615158/reduction-in-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-a-nicu-practical-lessons-for-its-achievement-and-sustainability
#10
Judith A Hawes, Kyong-Soon Lee
Central venous catheters are commonly used for the provision of parenteral nutrition and medications for critically ill neonates in the NICU. However, central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) are a major complication associated with their use and remain an important cause of nosocomial sepsis in NICUs. Central line-associated bloodstream infection has shifted from being an expected routine complication of central line use to an adverse event now evaluated as a critical event with the goal of identifying root causes so future CLABSI events are prevented...
March 1, 2018: Neonatal Network: NN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606021/wastage-of-standardised-parenteral-nutrition-solution-a-challenge-for-neonatal-units
#11
Mangesh Deshmukh, Jessica Grzejszczyk, Shailender Mehta, Sanjay Patole
BACKGROUND: Standardised parental nutrition (PN) has been used in many neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Easy accessibility, better provision of nutrients, reduced prescription errors and cost savings are some of its benefits. Fixed large volume (e.g. 750-1000 mL) and short expiry limit (48 hrs) along with changing metabolic needs of neonates leads to significant wastage of PN solution. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate wastage of PN solution in our 22-bedded NICU. METHODS: The audit was conducted over 21-month period (July 2015-April 2017)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602257/neonatal-oesophageal-perforation-the-role-for-non-operative-management
#12
Kate Hodgson, Andrea Togo, Aideen M Moore, Amanda Moody, Sebastian K King, Augusto Zani
AIM: Isolated oesophageal perforation in neonates is a rare but potentially life-threatening condition. Although management has historically been operative, conservative management (antibiotics, bowel rest, parenteral nutrition) is now more routinely used. The aim of this study was to evaluate the management of this condition in two large neonatal surgical centres. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted for neonates admitted to The Hospital for Sick Children (Toronto, Canada) or The Royal Children's Hospital (Melbourne, Australia) with a diagnosis of oesophageal perforation, from 2006 to 2016...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594085/stress-signals-during-sucking-activity-are-associated-with-longer-transition-time-to-full-oral-feeding-in-premature-infants
#13
You Gyoung Yi, Byung-Mo Oh, Seung Han Shin, Jin Yong Shin, Ee-Kyung Kim, Hyung-Ik Shin
Several treatments have been proposed to shorten the time to the attainment of full oral feeding (FOF) for premature infants, but there are only a few evaluation methods useful in estimating predictors of this period. We investigated whether specific items within the disorganized sucking patterns described by the Neonatal Oral-Motor Assessment Scale (NOMAS) could estimate the time to FOF in preterm infants with feeding difficulty. Preterm infants diagnosed with a disorganized sucking pattern in the NOMAS evaluation before 50 weeks of postmenstrual age were included...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588985/ketogenic-parenteral-nutrition-in-17-pediatric-patients-with-epilepsy
#14
Anastasia Dressler, Nadja Haiden, Petra Trimmel-Schwahofer, Franz Benninger, Sharon Samueli, Gudrun Gröppel, Sina Spatzierer, Angelika Mühlebner, Klaus Abraham, Martha Feucht
Objective: Ketogenic parenteral nutrition (kPN) is indicated when enteral intake is temporarily limited or impossible, but evidence-based prescriptions are lacking. Objective was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of kPN in children with epileptic encephalopathies using a new computer-based algorithm for accurate component calculating. Methods: Children with epilepsy receiving kPN were included. A computer-based algorithm was established on the basis of guidelines of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN): fat intake not exceeding 4 g/kg/day, age-adequate supply of protein, electrolytes, vitamins, and trace elements, but reduced carbohydrates...
March 2018: Epilepsia open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555318/blood-gas-sample-spiking-with-total-parenteral-nutrition-lipid-emulsion-and-concentrated-dextrose-solutions-as-a-model-for-predicting-sample-contamination-based-on-glucose-result
#15
Jose C Jara-Aguirre, Steven W Smeets, Amy M Wockenfus, Brad S Karon
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effects of blood gas sample contamination with total parenteral nutrition (TPN)/lipid emulsion and dextrose 50% (D50) solutions on blood gas and electrolyte measurement; and determine whether glucose concentration can predict blood gas sample contamination with TPN/lipid emulsion or D50. DESIGN AND METHODS: Residual lithium heparin arterial blood gas samples were spiked with TPN/lipid emulsion (0 to 15%) and D50 solutions (0 to 2.5%). Blood gas (pH, pCO2, pO2), electrolytes (Na+, K+ ionized calcium) and hemoglobin were measured with a Radiometer ABL90...
March 16, 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534293/impact-of-smoflipid-on-pulmonary-alveolar-development-in-newborn-guinea-pigs
#16
Jean-Claude Lavoie, Ibrahim Mohamed, Anne-Monique Nuyt, Wesam Elremaly, Thérèse Rouleau
BACKGROUND: Parenteral nutrition (PN) is associated with bronchopulmonary dysplasia in premature infants. In animals, PN leads to alveolar loss following stimulation of apoptosis by oxidative stress (oxidized redox potential). Peroxides and aldehydes generated in PN can induce hypo-alveolarization. The implication of peroxides, which is reduced by light protection, is demonstrated. The implication of aldehydes from omega-6 fatty acids oxidation is expected. The hypothesis is that composition and light exposure of PN influences bronchopulmonary dysplasia development...
March 13, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534288/parenteral-lipid-dose-restriction-with-soy-oil-not-fish-oil-preserves-retinal-function-in-neonatal-piglets
#17
Marihan Lansing, Yves Sauvé, Ioannis Dimopoulos, Catherine J Field, Miyoung Suh, Pamela Wizzard, Susan Goruk, David Lim, Mitsuru Muto, Paul Wales, Justine Turner
BACKGROUND: A dietary supply of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA) is critical for neonatal retinal development. Both are absent/minimal in parenteral nutrition (PN) using soy-oil emulsions ([SO] Intralipid®) traditionally used for neonatal intestinal failure. In contrast, fish-oil emulsions ([FO] Omegaven®) are enriched in DHA/AA. The aim of this study was to compare retinal function and fatty acid content in neonatal piglets fed PN with SO or FO. METHODS: Two-5-day-old piglets were randomly allocated to SO (n = 4) or FO (n = 4), provided at equivalent doses (5g/kg/d)...
March 13, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530114/-risk-factors-for-elevated-serum-total-bile-acid-in-preterm-infants
#18
Yan-Ting Song, Yong-Qin Wang, Yue-Hua Zhao, Hai-Ling Zhu, Qian Liu, Xiao Zhang, Yi-Wen Gao, Wei-Ye Zhang, Yu-Tong Sang
OBJECTIVE: To study the risk factors for elevated serum total bile acid (TBA) in preterm infants. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 216 preterm infants who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit. According to the presence or absence of elevated TBA (TBA >24.8 μmol/L), the preterm infants were divided into elevated TBA group with 53 infants and non-elevated TBA group with 163 infants. A univariate analysis and an unconditional multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to investigate the risk factors for elevated TBA...
March 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510382/enteral-feeding-as-an-adjunct-to-hypothermia-in-neonates-with-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy
#19
Lilly L Chang, James L Wynn, Marisa J Pacella, Candace C Rossignol, Felix Banadera, Neil Alviedo, Alfonso Vargas, Jeffrey Bennett, Melissa Huene, Nicole Copenhaver, Livia Sura, Kimberly Barnette, Jayne Solomon, Nikolay A Bliznyuk, Josef Neu, Michael D Weiss
BACKGROUND: Withholding enteral feedings during hypothermia lacks supporting evidence. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine if minimal enteral nutrition (MEN) during hypothermia in patients with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy was associated with a reduced duration of parenteral nutrition, time to full oral feeds, and length of stay, but would not be associated with increased systemic inflammation or feeding complications. METHODS: We performed a pilot, retrospective, matched case-control study within the Florida Neonatal Neurologic Network from December 2012 to May 2016 of patients who received MEN during hypothermia (n = 17) versus those who were not fed (n = 17)...
March 6, 2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508361/surgical-chylothorax-in-neonates-management-and-outcomes
#20
Karina Miura Costa, Amulya Kumar Saxena
BACKGROUND: Postoperative chylothorax occurs due to trauma to lymphatic vessels and can occur after any thoracic procedure. This study reviewed recent literature to evaluate the management and outcomes of surgical chylothorax in neonates. METHODS: PubMed database was searched for articles in English, Portuguese and Spanish from 2000 to 2016. Data were collected for surgery, chylothorax management, complications, mortality and length of hospital stay (LOS). RESULTS: Twenty studies offered 107 neonates: congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) (n = 76, 71%), cardiac malformations (n = 25, 23...
April 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
keyword
keyword
103305
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"