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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523485/report-of-mesocaval-shunt-in-the-management-of-variceal-hemorrhage-following-gastric-bypass-surgery
#1
Anurag Shrimal, Ranjan Sudan, Gaurav Chaubal, Ahmad Zaaroura, Kitza Williams, Kadiyala Ravindra
Gastrointestinal bleeding following Roux-en- Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is rare. We report an unusual cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding following RYGB that was complicated by porto- splenic vein thrombosis. A 35- year- old woman was successfully treated by mesocaval surgical shunt for recurrent variceal hemorrhage in the excluded stomach following RYGB.
May 18, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520574/orthotopic-liver-transplantation-changes-the-course-of-gastric-antral-vascular-ectasia-a-case-series-from-a-transplant-center
#2
Chaitanya Allamneni, Basem Alkurdi, Rehan Naseemuddin, Brendan M McGuire, Mohamed G Shoreibah, Devin E Eckhoff, Shajan Peter
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) is an important cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding and anemia in patients with cirrhosis. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) on GAVE and associated anemia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a chart review and identified all cirrhotic patients with GAVE who underwent OLT at the University Of Alabama at Birmingham between 2005 and 2013. Population's demographics, etiology of cirrhosis, comorbidities, presentation and treatment modalities of GAVE, endoscopic and histopathologic reports, hemoglobin values before and after transplant, and immunosuppressive regimens were collected...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507835/endoscopic-view-of-gastroduodenal-artery-coils-at-the-base-of-duodenal-ulcer-in-case-of-recurrent-massive-upper-gastrointestinal-bleed
#3
Rawaa Ebrahem, Salam Kadhem, John W Frey, William Salyers
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is one of the major causes of bleeding peptic ulcer disease, which is associated with serious complications; therefore, the eradication of H. pylori is essential to prevent these devastating complications. Post-treatment follow-up is crucial to guarantee the eradication of the organism and may be conducted via the urea breath test, the stool antigen test, or a gastric biopsy. Acute massive upper gastrointestinal (UGI) bleeding is one of the most common complications of peptic ulcer disease...
April 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496533/the-diagnostic-value-of-alarm-features-for-identifying-types-and-stages-of-upper-gastrointestinal-malignancies
#4
Shou-Wu Lee, Chi-Sen Chang, Hong-Jeh Yeh, Han-Chung Lien, Teng-Yu Lee, Yen-Chun Peng
BACKGROUND: Upper gastrointestinal (GI) malignancies are an uncommon cause of dyspepsia but of great concern. The aim of this study was to determine the association between alarm features and each type and stage of upper GI malignancies. METHODS: Patients who underwent endoscopy for symptoms of dyspepsia between January 2008 and December 2009 were retrospectively collected. Alarm features studied in this study were dysplasia, body weight loss and GI bleeding. Patients were classified according to the findings of endoscopy and histological reports...
April 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494001/partial-spleen-embolization-reduces-the-risk-of-portal-hypertension-induced-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-patients-not-eligible-for-tips-implantation
#5
Matthias Buechter, Alisan Kahraman, Paul Manka, Guido Gerken, Alexander Dechêne, Ali Canbay, Axel Wetter, Lale Umutlu, Jens M Theysohn
INTRODUCTION: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is a severe and life-threatening complication among patients with portal hypertension (PH). Covered transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is the treatment of choice for patients with refractory or recurrent UGIB despite pharmacological and endoscopic therapy. In some patients, TIPS implantation is not possible due to co-morbidity or vascular disorders. Spleen embolization (SE) may be a promising alternative in this setting...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491877/nodular-regenerative-hyperplasia-a-case-of-rare-prognosis
#6
Mindy Lee, Manhal Izzy, Ashwin Akki, Kathryn Tanaka, Harmit Kalia
Introduction: Nodular regenerative hyperplasia (NRH) is a known etiology of noncirrhotic portal hypertension. Cases of biopsy-proven NRH in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients have been described. While these patients often have normal synthetic liver function, several reports described disease progression to liver failure. Case: We here present a 26-year-old woman with history of congenital HIV on antiretroviral therapy complicated by Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia at age 14. CD4 counts have been >300 with undetectable viral load...
January 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468689/a-splenic-artery-aneurysm-presenting-with-multiple-episodes-of-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-a-case-report
#7
W S L De Silva, D S Gamlaksha, D P Jayasekara, S D Rajamanthri
BACKGROUND: Splenic artery aneurysm is rare and its diagnosis is challenging due to the nonspecific nature of the clinical presentation. We report a case of a splenic artery aneurysm in which the patient presented with chronic dyspepsia and multiple episodes of minor intragastric bleeding. CASE PRESENTATION: A 60-year-old, previously healthy Sri Lankan man presented with four episodes of hematemesis and severe dyspeptic symptoms over a period of 6 months. The results of two initial upper gastrointestinal endoscopies and an abdominal ultrasound scan were unremarkable...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465982/a-detailed-study-of-multiple-vascular-variations-in-the-upper-part-of-abdomen
#8
Prakashchandra Shetty, Satheesha B Nayak
INTRODUCTION: Knowledge of vascular variations near the kidney is of importance to many clinical disciplines such as nephrologists, radiologists, gastroenterologists, and general surgeons. Variant branches of the abdominal aorta and renal arteries are the victims of iatrogenic bleeding during surgery. We found multiple vascular variations in the upper part of the abdomen during our dissection classes. METHODS: During the dissection classes of the abdomen for undergraduate medical students, we observed multiple vascular variations in the abdomen of an adult male cadaver...
January 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458311/thrombosis-in-an-internal-jugular-vein-and-an-upper-limb-deep-vein-treated-with-edoxaban
#9
Mizuho Toratani, Akiko Hayashi, Naoki Nishiyama, Hidehiko Nakamura, Ryuji Chida, Takaaki Komatsu, Shiro Nakahara, Sayuki Kobayashi, Isao Taguchi
A 45-year-old man complained of swelling of the left side of his neck and left upper limb. Ultrasonography and enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed thrombosis of the left internal jugular, subclavian, and brachiocephalic vein. Based on various examinations, the patient was diagnosed with idiopathic venous thrombosis early in his clinical course. There were no findings to suggest malignancy or abnormal coagulability. However, two months after the start of treatment, the patient was diagnosed with gastric cancer...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445299/endoscopic-ultrasonography-predicts-early-esophageal-variceal-bleeding-in-liver-cirrhosis-a-case-report
#10
Changjun Men, Guoliang Zhang
RATIONALE: Bleeding esophageal and gastric varices constitute a serious complication in liver cirrhosis. Previous studies have shown that endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) can be used to predict early esophageal variceal bleeding in liver cirrhosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of a 46-year-old man with hepatitis B liver cirrhosis (CTP score, 5; Child-Pugh class, A) who was admitted to our hospital due to a decreased appetite lasting 1 week. DIAGNOSIS: He was initially diagnosed with decompensated hepatitis B cirrhosis; an abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan indicated a diagnosis of liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension (PHT)...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440524/-clinical-epidemiological-characteristics-and-change-trend-of-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-over-the-past-15-years
#11
Jinping Wang, Yi Cui, Jinhui Wang, Baili Chen, Yao He, Minhu Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical epidemiology change trend of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) over the past 15 years. METHODS: Consecutive patients who was diagnosed as continuous UGIB in the endoscopy center of The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun-Yat University during the period from 1 January 1997 to 31 December 1998 and the period from 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2013 were enrolled in this study. Their gender, age, etiology, ulcer classification, endoscopic treatment and hospitalization mortality were compared between two periods...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416166/two-year-outcomes-of-balloon-occluded-retrograde-transvenous-obliteration-of-gastric-varices-in-liver-transplant-recipients-a-multi-institutional-study
#12
W E Saad, J F B Chick, R N Srinivasa, N Saad, S Kim, A Fischman, G Frey, A Al-Osaimi, S Caldwell
PURPOSE: To assess the 2-year effectiveness and safety of balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) for gastric varices (GVs) in liver transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven liver transplant recipients underwent consecutive BRTO for GVs at four institutions. Patients included eight (73%) men and three (27%) women with mean age of 56 years±12 (SD) (range: 26-67 years). Underlying cause of liver transplantation was hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related cirrhosis in five (45%), alcohol- and HCV-related cirrhosis in three (27%), primary biliary cirrhosis in two (18%), and alcoholic cirrhosis in one (9%)...
April 13, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414670/diulafoy-s-lesion-an-uncanny-etiology-of-gastrointestinal-bleed
#13
V Gasia, O Lamendola
INTRODUCTION: Dieulafoy's lesion is a relatively rare, but potentially life-threatening, condition. It accounts for 1-2 percent of acute gastrointestinal (GI); bleeding. CASE: A 99-year-old woman was initially admitted due to left lower extremity cellulitis related to chronic venous stasis ulcer and was receiving broad-spectrum IV antibiotics. Upon admission to the medical floor, she had an episode of hematemesis and multiple bowel movements with black-tarry stools...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410791/gastrointestinal-safety-of-celecoxib-versus-naproxen-in-patients-with-cardiothrombotic-diseases-and-arthritis-after-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-concern-an-industry-independent-double-blind-double-dummy-randomised-trial
#14
Francis K L Chan, Jessica Y L Ching, Yee Kit Tse, Kelvin Lam, Grace L H Wong, Siew C Ng, Vivian Lee, Kim W L Au, Pui Kuan Cheong, Bing Y Suen, Heyson Chan, Ka Man Kee, Angeline Lo, Vincent W S Wong, Justin C Y Wu, Moe H Kyaw
BACKGROUND: Present guidelines are conflicting for patients at high risk of both cardiovascular and gastrointestinal events who continue to require non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). We hypothesised that a cyclooxygenase-2-selective NSAID plus proton-pump inhibitor is superior to a non-selective NSAID plus proton-pump inhibitor for prevention of recurrent ulcer bleeding in concomitant users of aspirin with previous ulcer bleeding. METHODS: For this industry-independent, double-blind, double-dummy, randomised trial done in one academic hospital in Hong Kong, we screened patients with arthritis and cardiothrombotic diseases who were presenting with upper gastrointestinal bleeding, were on NSAIDs, and require concomitant aspirin...
April 11, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395384/laparoscopic-and-luminal-endoscopic-cooperative-surgery-can-be-a-standard-treatment-for-submucosal-tumors-of-the-stomach-a-retrospective-multicenter-study
#15
Tatsuo Matsuda, Souya Nunobe, Toshiyuki Kosuga, Hiroshi Kawahira, Noriyuki Inaki, Shuji Kitashiro, Nobutsugu Abe, Isao Miyashiro, Sayaka Nagao, Masahiko Nishizaki, Naoki Hiki
Background and study aims We have developed a combined laparoscopic and luminal endoscopic surgery technique for resection of gastric submucosal tumors (SMTs) that can be performed without excessive resection of the stomach. In a multicenter retrospective study we aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative surgery (LECS) for gastric SMT resection. Patients and methods Between October 2007 and December 2011, 126 patients with gastric SMTs underwent LECS at 8 institutions...
May 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372456/paraesophageal-hernia-and-gastric-volvulus-an-uncommon-etiology-of-vomiting-and-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#16
Gonçalo Nunes, Marta Patita, Vítor Fernandes, Jorge Fonseca
The authors report the case of a 75 year-old woman admitted to the emergency room with abdominal pain and coffee ground vomiting. Marked epigastric distension with tenderness and signs of severe dehydration were present. Upper GI endoscopy showed a black esophagus covered by a large amount of dark fluid, diffuse hyperaemia and superficial erosions. Marked distortion of gastric anatomy caused by stomach rotation and a large paraesophageal hernia was observed and the pylorus was not identified. Chest X-ray and CT scan confirmed the presence of an organoaxial gastric volvulus with antero superior rotation and incarceration of the gastric antrum, which was located above the diaphragm...
April 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363584/upper-gastrointestinal-toxicity-associated-with-long-term-aspirin-therapy-consequences-and-prevention
#17
Carl J Lavie, Colin W Howden, James Scheiman, James Tursi
Antiplatelet therapy represents a fundamental part of preventive management for patients who are at risk of a secondary cardiovascular disease (CVD) event. In most cases, the antiplatelet regimen is based on low-dose aspirin, a drug that is highly effective in reducing the incidence of CVD events, but is associated with a substantial risk of gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity. The dyspeptic symptoms, which can result from aspirin administration, and which may occur with or without associated ulceration and bleeding, may lead patients to discontinue therapy, thus increasing their CVD risk...
May 2017: Current Problems in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353569/case-report-and-systematic-literature-review-of-a-novel-etiology-of-sinistral-portal-hypertension-presenting-with-ugi-bleeding-left-gastric-artery-pseudoaneurysm-compressing-the-splenic-vein-treated-by-embolization-of-the-pseudoaneurysm
#18
REVIEW
Seifeldin Hakim, Jared Bortman, Molly Orosey, Mitchell S Cappell
INTRODUCTION: A novel case is reported of upper gastrointestinal (UGI) bleeding from sinistral portal hypertension, caused by a left gastric artery (LGA) pseudoaneurysm (PA) compressing the splenic vein (SV) that was successfully treated with PA embolization. CASE REPORT: A 41-year-old man with previous medical history of recurrent, alcoholic pancreatitis presented with several episodes of hematemesis and abdominal pain for 48 hours. Physical examination revealed a soft abdomen, with no abdominal bruit, no pulsatile abdominal mass, and no stigmata of chronic liver disease...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352063/erythromycin-infusion-prior-to-endoscopy-for-acute-nonvariceal-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Hee Kyong Na, Hwoon-Yong Jung, Dong Woo Seo, Hyun Lim, Ji Yong Ahn, Jeong Hoon Lee, Do Hoon Kim, Kee Don Choi, Ho June Song, Gin Hyug Lee, Jin-Ho Kim
Background/Aims: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of erythromycin infusion and gastric lavage in order to improve the quality of visualization during emergency upper endoscopy. Methods: We performed a prospective randomized pilot study. Patients presented with hematemesis or melena within 12 hours and were randomly assigned to the erythromycin group (intravenous infusion of erythromycin), gastric lavage group (nasogastric tube placement with gastric lavage), or erythromycin + gastric lavage group (both erythromycin infusion and gastric lavage)...
March 28, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350273/a-randomized-comparative-trial-of-otsc-and-padlock-for-upper-gi-hemostasis-in-a-standardized-experimental-setting
#20
Ruediger L Prosst, Thomas Kratt
INTRODUCTION: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is the key emergency situation in clinical endoscopy and is traditionally treated with injection, thermal or through the scope clipping therapy. Mortality rates are in the range of 8-10% and demand new treatment approaches. The Over-The-Scope Clip (OTSC(®)) has been described as a very effective hemostatic device in UGIB. We compared OTSC with the Padlock™ device in an established pre-clinical setting. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our test-bed consisted of the biohybrid EASIE model using soft silicone tubes, tunneled into the gastric wall and surfacing at a mucosa defect, representing the bleeding site...
April 2017: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
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