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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758192/gastric-mucosal-metastasis-of-prostate-cancer
#1
Hayretdin Koklu, Gokhan Gedikoglu, Taylan Kav
A 65-year-old male patient who had been hospitalized in the ıntensive care unit for pneumonia presented with hematemesis and melena. He was diagnosed with metastatic adenocarcinoma of prostate (multiple bone and lung metastases), which was accompanied by diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and coronary heart disease. The hemoglobin levels decreased from 11.4 g/dL to 7.3 g/dL during follow-up. Upper endoscopy revealed widespread distribution of numerous umbilicated nodules with varying sizes (from 0.5 to 2 cm) on gastric mucosa (A, B, C)...
May 11, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743802/upper-gastrointestinal-bleed-due-to-invasive-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-hepato-gastric-fistula
#2
Abhijith Bale, Shiran Shetty, Anurag Shetty, Girisha Balaraju, Cannanore Ganesh Pai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732154/unusual-growth-of-an-epstein-barr-virus-associated-differentiated-early-stage-gastric-carcinoma-a-case-report
#3
Noriyuki Horiguchi, Tomomitsu Tahara, Tomohiko Kawamura, Masaaki Okubo, Takamitsu Ishizuka, Naoko Nakano, Yoshihito Nakagawa, Mitsuo Nagasaka, Mitsuru Nakagawa, Tetsuya Tsukamoto, Tomoyuki Shibata, Naoki Ohmiya
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is involved in a subset of gastric carcinoma (GC) cases, and is associated with distinct clinicopathological features. The present study reports a unique case of EBV-associated early-stage GC compared with the other cases experienced in our hospital. A 72-year-old male receiving treatment for cerebral infarction underwent an esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) for suspicion of gastrointestinal bleeding. EGD revealed a type 0-I protruding lesion in the lesser curvature of the upper gastric corpus...
May 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725977/gastrosplenic-fistula-with-gastrointestinal-bleeding-a-rare-and-potentially-fatal-complication-after-sleeve-gastrectomy
#4
Laura Montana, Laurent Genser, Alexandre Cortes, Eric Poupardin, Christophe Barrat, Sergio Carandina
BACKGROUND: Although the surgical technique is safe and standardized, laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is associated with serious and potentially life-threatening complications, such as gastric leak and bleeding. METHODS: In this retrospective study, three French university hospitals reviewed their experience with LSG. Between September 2014 and May 2016, three cases of gastrosplenic fistula complicated by massive upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (UGIH) were recorded...
May 3, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725533/ulcerated-gastric-leiomyoma-causing-massive-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-a-case-report
#5
Daryl Ramai, Qiuxue T Tan, Sofia Nigar, Emmanuel Ofori, Denzil Etienne, Madhavi Reddy
Leiomyomas are rare, benign submucosal tumors originating from smooth muscle cells. The clinical presentation is usually asymptomatic, with excellent prognosis. We herein report the case of a 68-year-old female with a solitary leiomyoma found during esophagogastroduodenoscopy for hematemesis. Histopathological examination revealed smooth muscle proliferation supported by positive staining for smooth muscle myosin heavy chain and negative staining for CD117 and S-100, consistent with the marker expression pattern of leiomyoma...
May 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721346/hsct-gave-as-a-manifestation-of-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-existing-literature
#6
Michael J Grant, Mitchell E Horwitz
Gastric antral vascular ectasia or "watermelon stomach" is a significant cause of nonvariceal upper GI bleeding and is characterized by red, tortuous ectatic vessels along longitudinal folds in the gastric antrum. The existing literature links GAVE to patients with cirrhosis, scleroderma, bone marrow transplantation, and chronic renal failure among other associations, but its pathophysiology remains ill-defined. Over 30 cases of hematopoietic stem cell transplant-related GAVE (HSCT-GAVE) have been reported in the literature to date and there are likely many more that go undiagnosed or are attributed to another cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding...
2018: Case Reports in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720867/synchronous-gastric-and-duodenal-metastases-from-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-unique-presentation-of-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#7
Nicholas P Tarangelo, C Andrew Kistler, Zachary Daitch, Wei Jiang, Daniel M Quirk
Metastatic disease to the stomach or duodenum is an infrequent diagnosis, and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is one of the least common primary malignancies that lead to gastric or duodenal metastases. We report the case of a 65-year-old man with human immunodeficiency virus infection and previously diagnosed HNSCC who presented with melena. The patient had a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube placed 3 months prior to his presentation. Laboratory testing was significant for normocytic anemia and a digital rectal examination was positive for melena...
May 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704739/silastic-band-erosion-in-the-bypassed-stomach-after-fobi-pouch-operation-for-obesity-case-report
#8
A M Franco-Martínez, M Guraieb-Trueba, R Castañeda-Sepúlveda, E A Flores-Villalba, J Rojas-Méndez
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, one of the most commonly performed bariatric surgeries is the laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGP). Access to the bypassed stomach in patients who have undergone this procedure, for evaluation and/or management in different clinical situations remains a challenge for the physician. In order to facilitate the entrance to the gastric remnant, a silastic marker is left in place during the Fobi-Pouch operation, a modified laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery technique...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694306/totally-laparoscopic-resection-and-extraction-of-specimens-via-transanal-route-in-synchronous-colon-and-gastric-cancer
#9
F Sumer, S Karakas, E Gundogan, T Sahin, C Kayaalp
INTRODUCTION: Synchronous colon and gastric cancer is a rare clinical entity. In the present case, it is aimed to show that in a patient with synchronous colon and gastric cancer, laparoscopic resection can be safely performed and both specimens can be delivered through a natural orifice. In our knowledge, this is the first example showing the delivery of the gastric resection specimen through the anus in a human being. CASE REPORT: Sixty-six years old male patient with an upper gastrointestinal bleeding and obstruction symptoms was admitted to our department and the evaluation revealed an advanced stage gastric and a synchronous colon cancer...
March 2018: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692893/management-of-gastrosplenic-fistula-in-the-emergency-setting-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Amit Frenkel, Yoav Bichovsky, Zvi H Perry, Jochanan Peiser, Aviel Roy-Shapira, Evgeni Brotfain, Leonid Koyfman, Yair Binyamin, Karen Nalbandyan, Moti Klein
Introduction: A gastrosplenic fistula (GSF) is a very rare complication that arises mainly from a splenic or gastric large cell lymphoma. The proximity of the gastric fundus to the enlarged fragile spleen may facilitate the fistulisation. This complication can lead to massive bleeding, which, though uncommon, may be lethal. We present a patient with massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding secondary to a GSF. Case presentation: We present a 48-year-old man with a refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who was admitted to our hospital due to hematemesis...
May 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671058/transcatheter-arterial-embolization-for-bleeding-peptic-ulcers-a-multicenter-study
#11
Stavros Spiliopoulos, Riccardo Inchingolo, Pierleone Lucatelli, Roberto Iezzi, Athanasios Diamantopoulos, Alessandro Posa, Bryan Barry, Carmelo Ricci, Marco Cini, Chrysostomos Konstantos, Konstantinos Palialexis, Lazaros Reppas, Artemis Trikola, Michele Nardella, Andreas Adam, Elias Brountzos
PURPOSE: To investigate the outcomes of transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) for the treatment of peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective, multicenter study, which investigated all patients who underwent TAE for the treatment of severe upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage from peptic ulcers in five European centers, between January 1, 2012 and May 1, 2017. All patients had undergone failed endoscopic hemostasis. Forty-four patients (male; mean age 74...
April 18, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644032/severe-acute-gallstone-pancreatitis-with-diffuse-hemorrhagic-gastritis
#12
Timothy J Harris, William C Beck, Avi Bhavaraju, Benjamin Davis, Mary K Kimbrough, Joseph C Jensen, Anna Privratsky, John R Taylor, Kevin W Sexton
A 67-year-old male presented with acute pancreatitis secondary to gallstones, also known as acute biliary pancreatitis, and subsequently developed gastric outlet obstruction and was transferred to our hospital. A gastro-jejunal feeding tube was placed and an open cholecystectomy was performed. The patient had a pancreatic drain placed for interval increase in pancreatic necrosis and then nearly exsanguinated from gastroduodenal artery pseudoaneurysm bleed. This was managed by coiling the gastroduodenal artery...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607431/evaluation-of-patients-with-gastric-polyps
#13
Sehmus Olmez, Suleyman Sayar, Bunyamin Saritas, Ayla Yildiz Savas, Ufuk Avcioglu, Ilyas Tenlik, Ersan Ozaslan, Hasan Tankut Koseoglu, Emin Altiparmak
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of gastric polyps (GPs) greatly differs according to study populations and was found to be 0.33%-6.7% in various studies. The majority of GPs are composed of hyperplastic polyps (HPs), fundic gland polyps (FGPs), and adenomatous polyps (APs). Although APs have a high risk of malignant potential, sporadic FGPs have no malignant potential. Conversely, HPs have a low risk of malignant potential. It is not sufficient to perform a biopsy to identify the polyp type and the presence of dysplasia; thus, some polyps may require multiple biopsies or total excision...
2018: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607305/gastric-antral-vascular-ectasia-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Abdulrahman M Alkhormi, Muhammed Yousuf Memon, Abdullah Alqarawi
Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) is a rare but an important cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) and commonly presents as occult bleeding that manifests as iron deficiency anemia (IDA). GAVE is commonly associated with chronic illnesses, most frequently liver cirrhosis and connective tissue diseases. The pathogenesis of GAVE is still obscure, and many hypotheses such as mechanical stress, hormonal factors, and autoimmune factors, have been proposed. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy has a major role in the diagnosis and treatment of GAVE...
March 2018: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590726/bleeding-peptic-ulcer-tertiary-center-experience-epidemiology-treatment-and-prognosis
#15
Ivan Budimir, Sanja Stojsavljević, Davor Hrabar, Dominik Kralj, Alen Bišćanin, Lora Stanka Kirigin, Mario Zovak, Žarko Babić, Sven Bohnec, Ivan Budimir
The aim of this study was to demonstrate epidemiological, clinical and endoscopic characteristics of acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) with special reference to peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB). The study included 2198 consecutive patients referred to our emergency department due to acute UGIB from January 2008 to December 2012. All patients underwent urgent upper GI endoscopy within 24 hours of admission, and 842 patients diagnosed with PUB were enrolled and prospectively followed-up. The cumulative incidence of UGIB was 126/100,000 in the 5-year period...
December 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588845/pedunculated-polyp-of-the-ileum-protruding-from-a-large-diverticulum
#16
REVIEW
Yugo Iwaya, Corwyn Rowsell, Teodor Grantcharov, Norman E Marcon
Introduction: A 52-year-old woman presented with iron deficiency anaemia and postprandial right lower quadrant pain. Abdominal examination was unremarkable and laboratory results showed mild anaemia (haemoglobin 11.3 g/dL). Upper and lower endoscopies did not reveal any source of bleeding. Video capsule endoscopy was performed which showed a large polypoid lesion in the mid-ileum (figure 1). Abdominal contrast enhanced CT demonstrated a heterogeneously enhancing pedunculated polyp measuring approximately 6 cm (figure 2)...
April 2018: Frontline Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573830/gastric-mucormycosis-in-a-liver-and-kidney-transplant-recipient-case-report-and-concise-review-of-literature
#17
G Alfano, F Fontana, D Francesca, G Assirati, P Magistri, G Tarantino, R Ballarin, G Rossi, E Franceschini, M Codeluppi, G Guaraldi, C Mussini, F Di Benedetto, G Cappelli
Mucormycosis is an uncommonly encountered fungal infection in solid organ transplantation. The infection is severe and often results in a fatal outcome. The most common presentations are rhino-sino-orbital and pulmonary disease. We describe a rare case of gastric mucormycosis in a patient with a combined liver-kidney transplant affected by glycogen storage disease type Ia. A 42-year-old female patient presented with gastric pain and melena 26 days after transplantation. Evaluation with upper endoscopy showed two bleeding gastric ulcers...
April 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564071/rare-finding-of-concomitant-pseudomelanosis-of-stomach-and-duodenum-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
Tagore Sunkara, Megan E Caughey, Vinaya Gaduputi
Melanosis of the stomach and duodenum is a rare entity and a striking finding diagnosed by upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Here, we describe the case of an 83-year-old female, with a complicated medical history, who was referred to gastroenterologist to assess bleeding risk. From the endoscopy, it was determined that she had both melanosis gastri and duodeni. Although both are rare, gastric melanosis appears to be even more unusual than duodenal melanosis, with only a few reported cases documented in the literature thus far...
2018: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526928/gastric-arteriovenous-malformation-with-characteristic-endoscopic-findings
#19
Yoji Hirayama, Chihiro Takai, Kai Korekawa, Masahiro Saitoh, Asuka Akasaka, Hitoshi Nagasawa, Wataru Iwai, Hisashi Hachimori, Masahiro Satoh, Nobuhisa Yajima, Motoji Oki
Gastric arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is an uncommon cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding, and the endoscopic findings are unclear. We herein describe a case of gastric AVM in a 28-year-old man. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed a Dieulafoy lesion surrounded by a red mucosa with a sharp margin, which implied blood vessel malformation. Computed tomography angiography and conventional angiography revealed aggregated vessels on the greater curvature. Partial gastrectomy was performed, with no recurrent bleeding postoperatively...
March 9, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520179/plug-assisted-retrograde-transvenous-obliteration-for-the-treatment-of-gastric-varices-the-role-of-intra-procedural-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#20
Dong Il Gwon, Gi-Young Ko, Young Baek Kwon, Hyun-Ki Yoon, Kyu-Bo Sung
Objective: To investigate the technical and clinical outcomes of plug-assisted retrograde transvenous obliteration (PARTO) for the treatment of gastric varices (GV) and to evaluate the role of intra-procedural cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) performed during PARTO to confirm its technical success. Materials and Methods: From January 2016 to December 2016, 17 patients with GV who had undergone PARTO were retrospectively evaluated. When the proximal part of the afferent vein was identified on a fluoroscopy, non-contrast CBCT images were obtained...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
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