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eczema vitiligo psoriasis

Deepak Dimri, Venkatashiva Reddy B, Amit Kumar Singh
Background. The pattern of skin morbidity in an area depends on climate, geography, socioeconomic status, nutrition, genetics, and habits of the community. Objective. The objective of the present study was to describe the morbidity profile of patients attending dermatology outpatient department in a tertiary care centre of Garhwal hills, North India. Methodology. This is a record based study carried out using the morbidity registers. Patient details, diagnosis, and treatment provided by physicians were documented in the morbidity register...
2016: Dermatology Research and Practice
Enzo Errichetti, Giuseppe Stinco
Over the last few years, dermoscopy has been shown to be a useful tool in assisting the noninvasive diagnosis of various general dermatological disorders. In this article, we sought to provide an up-to-date practical overview on the use of dermoscopy in general dermatology by analysing the dermoscopic differential diagnosis of relatively common dermatological disorders grouped according to their clinical presentation, i.e. dermatoses presenting with erythematous-desquamative patches/plaques (plaque psoriasis, eczematous dermatitis, pityriasis rosea, mycosis fungoides and subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus), papulosquamous/papulokeratotic dermatoses (lichen planus, pityriasis rosea, papulosquamous sarcoidosis, guttate psoriasis, pityriasis lichenoides chronica, classical pityriasis rubra pilaris, porokeratosis, lymphomatoid papulosis, papulosquamous chronic GVHD, parakeratosis variegata, Grover disease, Darier disease and BRAF-inhibitor-induced acantholytic dyskeratosis), facial inflammatory skin diseases (rosacea, seborrheic dermatitis, discoid lupus erythematosus, sarcoidosis, cutaneous leishmaniasis, lupus vulgaris, granuloma faciale and demodicidosis), acquired keratodermas (chronic hand eczema, palmar psoriasis, keratoderma due to mycosis fungoides, keratoderma resulting from pityriasis rubra pilaris, tinea manuum, palmar lichen planus and aquagenic palmar keratoderma), sclero-atrophic dermatoses (necrobiosis lipoidica, morphea and cutaneous lichen sclerosus), hypopigmented macular diseases (extragenital guttate lichen sclerosus, achromic pityriasis versicolor, guttate vitiligo, idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis, progressive macular hypomelanosis and postinflammatory hypopigmentations), hyperpigmented maculopapular diseases (pityriasis versicolor, lichen planus pigmentosus, Gougerot-Carteaud syndrome, Dowling-Degos disease, erythema ab igne, macular amyloidosis, lichen amyloidosus, friction melanosis, terra firma-forme dermatosis, urticaria pigmentosa and telangiectasia macularis eruptiva perstans), itchy papulonodular dermatoses (hypertrophic lichen planus, prurigo nodularis, nodular scabies and acquired perforating dermatosis), erythrodermas (due to psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, mycosis fungoides, pityriasis rubra pilaris and scabies), noninfectious balanitis (Zoon's plasma cell balanitis, psoriatic balanitis, seborrheic dermatitis and non-specific balanitis) and erythroplasia of Queyrat, inflammatory cicatricial alopecias (scalp discoid lupus erythematosus, lichen planopilaris, frontal fibrosing alopecia and folliculitis decalvans), nonscarring alopecias (alopecia areata, trichotillomania, androgenetic alopecia and telogen effluvium) and scaling disorders of the scalp (tinea capitis, scalp psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis and pityriasis amiantacea)...
September 9, 2016: Dermatology and Therapy
David Robert Grimes
Ultraviolet (UVR) phototherapy is widely used to treat an array of skin conditions, including psoriasis, eczema and vitiligo. For such interventions, a quantified dose is vital if the treatment is to be both biologically effective and to avoid the detrimental effects of over-dosing. As dose is absorbed at surface level, the orientation of patient site with respect to the UVR lamps modulates effective dose. Previous investigations have modelled this behaviour, and examined the impact of shaped anodized aluminium reflectors typically placed around lamps in phototherapy cabins...
August 21, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Kelvin Mponda, John Masenga
BACKGROUND: As global population of the elderly continues to rise, a critical need to provide it with health services, including dermatology, will be significant, especially in developing countries like Tanzania. To adequately meet their dermatologic needs, knowledge of local patterns of skin conditions is vital. This study was aimed to describe the spectrum of skin diseases among elderly patients attending skin clinic at the Regional Dermatology Training Centre (RDTC) in Northern Tanzania...
2016: BMC Research Notes
J R Olsen, J Gallacher, A Y Finlay, V Piguet, N A Francis
BACKGROUND: The Children's Dermatology Life Quality Index (CDLQI) is the most widely used instrument for measuring the impact of skin disease on quality of life (QoL) in children. OBJECTIVES: To provide a meta-analysis of all published QoL scores for a range of childhood skin conditions. METHODS: Studies using the CDLQI questionnaire to measure QoL in skin conditions were identified by searching Medline and Embase from January 1995 (CDLQI creation) to December 2014...
April 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
Betty Kakande, Freedom Gumedze, Carol Hlela, Nonhlanhla P Khumalo
There is a sense that many patients seen at referral centers could be managed at a primary health care level. The objective of the current study was to examine the range of diagnoses among consultations at the Red Cross Children's Hospital in Cape Town, South Africa, to help develop a strategy for targeted education of primary health care personnel. This was a retrospective review of data for children seen at a pediatric dermatology clinic from 2005 to 2010, recorded according to International Classification of Diseases coding and compared with published data from similar clinical settings...
January 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
R Vangipuram, S R Feldman
Phototherapy is the use of non-ionizing radiation, primarily in the ultraviolet spectrum, to treat disease. In dermatology, ultraviolet (UV) phototherapy remains an established, lower cost, and often preferred option for many common skin conditions, despite the introduction of newer potent biologics. This article introduces a principal therapeutic modality in the treatment of psoriasis, atopic dermatitis (eczema), vitiligo, and morphea among other diseases where oral manifestations may be present, providing basic information about the use of UVA, UVB, and PUVA...
May 2016: Oral Diseases
N Garzorz, M Alsisi, A Todorova, A Atenhan, J Thomas, F Lauffer, J Ring, C Schmidt-Weber, T Biedermann, S Eyerich, K Eyerich
BACKGROUND: Alopecia areata (AA) is a T-cell-driven autoimmune disease of the hair follicle and frequently reported to be associated with inflammatory skin diseases (ISD) such as atopic eczema (AE) or psoriasis. Interestingly, AA on the one hand and both AE and psoriasis on the other hand are believed to be driven by mutually antagonistic T-cell subsets. OBJECTIVE: To characterize AA-specific T-cell profiles and inflammatory pattern by intra-individual comparison of AA and coexistent ISD...
December 2015: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
N Tsintsadze, L Beridze, N Tsintsadze, Y Krichun, N Tsivadze, M Tsintsadze
The aim of our study was to find out the magnitude of anxiety and depression in our common dermatological patients and its correlation with age, sex. For this purpose, we used Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale HADS. The psychometric validity of HADS has been established by validating the questionnaire against the structured psychiatric interviews. A study of anxiety and depression in patients with dermatologic diseases was conducted on the basis of outpatients department in 211 patients with dermatologic diseases; among them were 107 male and 104 female, aged 16 to 75 years...
June 2015: Georgian Medical News
Nasser Shoeibi, Ahmadreza Taheri, Maliheh Nikandish, Arash Omidtabrizi, Nasim Khosravi, Maryam Kadkhoda, Somayeh Ghassemi Moghaddam
CONTEXT: Since we had observed electroretinographic (ERG) abnormalities in some patients undergoing photochemotherapy with normal eye examination, we decided to investigate the effects of this therapy on retinal function. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of oral photochemotherapy (8-methoxypsoralen + Ultraviolet-A) on electrophysiologic function of retina. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with vitiligo, psoriasis or eczema were enrolled...
2016: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
A Barbaud
Dermatoses have been better characterized as hypochromic vitiligo in subjects with dark skin or the acquired racquet nails associated with hyperparathyroidism. The innate immunity has a central role in the new classification of auto inflammatory diseases, neutrophilic dermatoses, neutrophilic urticaria or pseudo-neutrophilic urticaria. Comorbidities have been studied e.g. cardiovascular co morbidities for psoriasis, IBD associated with hidradenitis suppurativa or neurological disorders associated with pemphigoid...
December 2014: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Agnes Bretterklieber, Clemens Painsi, Alexander Avian, Nora Wutte, Elisabeth Aberer
BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare and potentially life threatening autoimmune disorder. The burden of disease compared to other dermatoses is unknown. The purpose of this study was to assess both the quality of life in patients with SSc and the variables that are associated with poor quality of life. Forty-one patients with systemic sclerosis (29 limited, 2 diffuse, 10 undifferentiated forms) were assessed with respect to their health status and compared to published data for the normal population, SSc patients from other studies, and patients with chronic skin diseases...
2014: BMC Research Notes
P R Bafteh, M Siegesmund, V Kuerten, N J Neumann
BACKGROUND: Broadband ultraviolet B (BB-UVB) is a well-established treatment option in dermatology. However, during the last decade BB-UVB has increasingly been replaced by narrowband UVB 311 nm (NB-UVB), especially in the therapy of psoriasis, atopic eczema and vitiligo. Several studies have indicated a better therapeutic response for almost all indications compared with BB-UVB. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to investigate the phototoxic effects of NB-UVB in comparison with BB-UVB in vivo...
February 2015: British Journal of Dermatology
Alessandra Drummond, Janine Pichler, Giuseppe Argenziano, Iris Zalaudek, Caterina Longo, Aimilios Lallas, Simonetta Piana, Elvira Moscarella
Basal cell naevus syndrome is an inherited autosomal dominant genetic disorder characterised by multiple basal cell carcinomas (BCC), skeletal, neurological and opthalmological abnormalities. The treatment of choice of the often multiple and large BCC consists of a combined approach including surgery, liquid nitrogen and other topical treatment modalities. Imiquimod 5% cream is an immune-response-modifying drug with antiviral and anti-tumour activity. Recent reports have associated the immune-stimulant properties of imiquimod with the exacerbation of several autoimmune skin diseases, such as eczema, psoriasis, vitiligo and lichenoid dermatitis...
November 2015: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
M Janier
2013 has been the year of large genetic studies of the GWAS type (Genome wide association studies) in common diseases such as psoriasis and atopic dermatitis, aimed at localization of candidate genes. It was also the year of population-based studies from huge public or private registers. Thus, epidemiologic correlations have been put forward: psoriasis and vascular risk, psoriasis and rhinosinusitis, rosacea and migraine, acne and food habits, eczema and basal-cell carcinoma, vitiligo and lower risk of skin cancer, cutaneous Ro/SS-A pos lupus and cancer, chronic eczema and calcium-channel inhlbitors, pemphigoid and loop diuretics...
November 2013: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Ammar Ahmed, Argentina Leon, Daniel C Butler, Jason Reichenberg
Chronic skin conditions can impact a patient's quality of life beyond the skin. This manuscript gives an overview of the negative impact of common chronic skin conditions, such as psoriasis, vitiligo, acne, and eczema measured by the validated quality of life instruments. Literature has shown that patients with vitiligo and acne are mostly affected by their psychosocial wellbeing, whereas psoriasis and atopic dermatitis patients are affected by both physical and psychosocial well-being. Effective treatments of the above skin conditions correlate with positive quality of life outcomes...
June 2013: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
Carolina Casara, Leticia Eidt, Vivian Cunha
BACKGROUND: Phototherapy consists of exposure to ultraviolet radiation for therapeutic reasons. Radiation is already used in dermatological practice, and many studies have already proved the beneficial effect of UV light treatment for chronic inflammatory or lymphoproliferative skin diseases. The Dermatology Service of the Clinics Hospital of Porto Alegre (Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre) has been using phototherapy for a long time, and no official data have been described so far...
March 2013: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
Gamal A Yamamah, Hanaa M Emam, Mahmoud F Abdelhamid, Mohamed L Elsaie, Hany Shehata, Tarek Farid, Mohammed Ismail Kamel, Ahmed A Taalat
BACKGROUND:   Few epidemiologic surveys have been carried out to determine the prevalence of skin diseases in the population of Egypt, particularly in the Sinai Peninsula. Thus, the necessity of such research in South Sinai is pressing. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of various skin diseases among children in South Sinai. METHODS: A community-based protocol was followed. The study included 2194 children of both genders, 18 years of age and younger, and in six different localities within South Sinai...
October 2012: International Journal of Dermatology
Khalid Al Hawsawi, Elena Pope
Psychocutaneous disorders (PCDs) are conditions that are characterized by psychiatric and skin manifestations. Classifications of PCDs and their nomenclature are matters of debate. For the purpose of this review, we adopted the classification that distinguishes primary dermatologic disorders with psychiatric co-morbidity (PDDPC) from primary psychiatric disorders with dermatologic manifestations (PPDDM). PDDPC includes the psychophysiologic disorders such as atopic eczema, psoriasis, vitiligo, and alopecia areata...
August 1, 2011: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
Masutaka Furue, Souji Yamazaki, Koichi Jimbow, Tetsuya Tsuchida, Masayuki Amagai, Toshihiro Tanaka, Kayoko Matsunaga, Masahiko Muto, Eishin Morita, Masashi Akiyama, Yoshinao Soma, Tadashi Terui, Motomu Manabe
To clarify the prevalence of skin disorders among dermatology patients in Japan, a nationwide, cross-sectional, seasonal, multicenter study was conducted in 69 university hospitals, 45 district-based pivotal hospitals, and 56 private clinics (170 clinics in total). In each clinic, information was collected on the diagnosis, age, and gender of all outpatients and inpatients who visited the clinic on any one day of the second week in each of May, August, and November 2007 and February 2008. Among 67,448 cases, the top twenty skin disorders were, in descending order of incidence, miscellaneous eczema, atopic dermatitis, tinea pedis, urticaria/angioedema, tinea unguium, viral warts, psoriasis, contact dermatitis, acne, seborrheic dermatitis, hand eczema, miscellaneous benign skin tumors, alopecia areata, herpes zoster/postherpetic neuralgia, skin ulcers (nondiabetic), prurigo, epidermal cysts, vitiligo vulgaris, seborrheic keratosis, and drug eruption/toxicoderma...
April 2011: Journal of Dermatology
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