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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418055/application-of-machine-statistical-learning-artificial-intelligence-and-statistical-experimental-design-for-the-modeling-and-optimization-of-methylene-blue-and-cd-ii-removal-from-a-binary-aqueous-solution-by-natural-walnut-carbon
#1
H Mazaheri, M Ghaedi, M H Ahmadi Azqhandi, A Asfaram
Analytical chemists apply statistical methods for both the validation and prediction of proposed models. Methods are required that are adequate for finding the typical features of a dataset, such as nonlinearities and interactions. Boosted regression trees (BRTs), as an ensemble technique, are fundamentally different to other conventional techniques, with the aim to fit a single parsimonious model. In this work, BRT, artificial neural network (ANN) and response surface methodology (RSM) models have been used for the optimization and/or modeling of the stirring time (min), pH, adsorbent mass (mg) and concentrations of MB and Cd(2+) ions (mg L(-1)) in order to develop respective predictive equations for simulation of the efficiency of MB and Cd(2+) adsorption based on the experimental data set...
April 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401378/protective-effect-of-juglans-regia-l-walnut-extract-against-oxidative-dna-damage
#2
Cinzia Calcabrini, Roberta De Bellis, Umberto Mancini, Luigi Cucchiarini, Vilberto Stocchi, Lucia Potenza
Walnuts (Juglans regia L.) are relevant components of the Mediterranean diet providing important macronutrients, micronutrients and other bioactive constituents including unsaturated fatty acids, proteins, fiber, vitamins, minerals, phytosterols and polyphenols. Although the walnut beneficial effects in human health are widely recognized by a lot of epidemiologic studies very little is known regarding its effect on damaged DNA. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of Juglans regia L. ethanolic extract from kernel on the induction of DNA strand breaks by thiol/Fe(3+)/O2 mixed function oxidase, tert-butyl hydroperoxide or UVC radiations in acellular and cellular models...
April 11, 2017: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397379/b-fahf-2-plus-oral-immunotherapy-oit-is-safer-and-more-effective-than-oit-alone-in-a-murine-model-of-concurrent-peanut-tree-nut-allergy
#3
Kamal D Srivastava, Ying Song, Nan Yang, Changda Liu, Ilan E Goldberg, Anna Nowak-Węgrzyn, Hugh A Sampson, Xiu-Min Li
BACKGROUND: Concurrent sensitization to peanut (PN) and tree nuts (TN), the most dangerous food allergies, is common. Current oral immunotherapy (OIT) is not fully satisfactory. OBJECTIVE: To determine if the herbal formula B-FAHF-2 (BF2) ameliorates PN/TN OIT adverse reactions and enhances persistence of a tolerant state. METHODS: Concurrently sensitized peanut, walnut (WN) and cashew (CSH) allergic mice received 1 day PN/WN/CSH rush OIT plus 3 weeks of maintenance dosing, with or without 3-weeks prior and 3-weeks BF2 co-treatment...
April 11, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394361/effects-of-walnut-oil-on-lipid-profiles-in-hyperlipidemic-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#4
M J Zibaeenezhad, P Farhadi, A Attar, A Mosleh, F Amirmoezi, A Azimi
BACKGROUND: The role of herbal medicine is now well documented in preventing and controlling diabetes mellitus. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of walnut oil consumption on lipid profiles of hyperlipidemic patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, 100 hyperlipidemic type 2 diabetic patients aged 35-75 years were assigned to receive 15 cc Persian walnut oil or placebo every day for 90 days...
April 10, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374545/identification-of-walnut-husk-juglans-regia-l-volatiles-and-the-behavioral-response-of-the-invasive-walnut-husk-fly-rhagoletis-completa-cresson
#5
Landry Sarles, Antoine Boullis, Bérénice Fassotte, Georges Lognay, Agnès Verhaeghe, Frédéric Francis, François J Verheggen
BACKGROUND: Several European countries are important walnut (Juglans regia L.) producers. However, these countries must contend with the recent introduction of the Walnut Husk Fly, Rhagoletis completa Cresson (Diptera, Tephritidae), which is causing severe economic losses, especially in organic production. Because most Tephritid fruit flies use kairomones in their search for host plants, we hypothesize that this highly specialist species orients toward the volatile blend released by walnut husks...
April 3, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373432/myricetin-induces-apoptosis-of-human-anaplastic-thyroid-cancer-cells-via-mitochondria-dysfunction
#6
Sunhyo Jo, Tae Kwun Ha, Sang-Hun Han, Mi Eun Kim, Inae Jung, Hee-Woo Lee, Sung Kwon Bae, Jun Sik Lee
AIM: Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy, with an increasing incidence worldwide. Most thyroid cancers are well differentiated and have a favorable outcome. However, undifferentiated thyroid cancers are one of the most lethal human malignancies. Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) accounts for 2% of all thyroid cancers, and its median survival rate is low. ATC is responsible for more than one-third of thyroid cancer-related deaths. Myricetin is a flavonol compound found in walnuts, herbs, and various berries and is known to induce apoptotic death of various types of cancer cells...
April 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359600/characteristics-of-tree-nut-challenges-in-tree-nut-allergic-and-tree-nut-sensitized-individuals
#7
Christopher Couch, Tim Franxman, Matthew Greenhawt
BACKGROUND: Characteristics and outcomes of tree nut (TN) oral food challenges (OFCs) in patients with TN allergy or sensitization alone are poorly studied. OBJECTIVE: To determine the relation between TN sensitization levels and OFC outcomes. METHODS: Open TN OFCs performed from 2007 through 2015 at a referral center were analyzed to compare outcome based on skin prick test (SPT) wheal size, food-specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE), peanut co-allergy, and TN sensitization only vs TN allergy with sensitization to other TNs...
March 22, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351786/association-of-clinical-reactivity-with-sensitization-to-allergen-components-in-multifood-allergic-children
#8
Sandra Andorf, Magnus P Borres, Whitney Block, Dana Tupa, Jennifer B Bollyky, Vanitha Sampath, Arnon Elizur, Jonas Lidholm, Joseph E Jones, Stephen J Galli, Rebecca S Chinthrajah, Kari C Nadeau
BACKGROUND: Thirty percent of children with food allergies have multiple simultaneous allergies; however, the features of these multiple allergies are not well characterized serologically or clinically. OBJECTIVE: We comprehensively evaluated 60 multifood-allergic patients by measuring serum IgE to key allergen components, evaluating clinical histories and medication use, performing skin tests, and conducting double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenges (DBPCFCs)...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347564/the-gut-microbiota-metabolism-of-pomegranate-or-walnut-ellagitannins-yields-two-urolithin-metabotypes-that-correlate-with-cardiometabolic-risk-biomarkers-comparison-between-normoweight-overweight-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome
#9
María V Selma, Antonio González-Sarrías, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Cristina Andrés-Lacueva, Cesarettin Alasalvar, Asım Örem, Francisco A Tomás-Barberán, Juan C Espín
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Urolithins are microbial metabolites produced after consumption of ellagitannin-containing foods such as pomegranates and walnuts. Parallel to isoflavone-metabolizing phenotypes, ellagitannin-metabolizing phenotypes (urolithin metabotypes A, B and 0; UM-A, UM-B and UM-0, respectively) can vary among individuals depending on their body mass index (BMI), but correlations between urolithin metabotypes (UMs) and cardiometabolic risk (CMR) factors are unexplored. We investigated the association between UMs and CMR factors in individuals with different BMI and health status...
March 16, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334300/flight-capacity-of-the-walnut-twig-beetle-coleoptera-scolytidae-on-a-laboratory-flight-mill
#10
Aubree M Kees, Andrea R Hefty, Robert C Venette, Steven J Seybold, Brian H Aukema
The walnut twig beetle, Pityophthorus juglandis Blackman, and associated fungus Geosmithia morbida Kolařík, Freeland, Utley, & Tisserat constitute the insect-fungal complex that causes thousand cankers disease in walnut, Juglans spp., and wingnut, Pterocarya spp. Thousand cankers disease is responsible for the decline of Juglans species throughout the western United States and more recently, the eastern United States and northern Italy. We examined the flight capacity of P. juglandis over 24-h trials on a flight mill in the laboratory...
March 16, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315215/detection-of-food-allergens-by-phage-displayed-produced-antibodies
#11
Raquel Madrid, Silvia de la Cruz, Aina García, Rosario Martín, Isabel González, Teresa García
Phage display is a powerful tool to produce recombinant antibodies against a given antigen without animal immunization. This technology employs libraries of recombinant bacteriophages that display billions of different functional antibody fragments on their surface. They are selected by panning in vitro against the target antigen in search for specific binders. In this chapter, we describe the selection of single chain variable fragment (scFv) antibodies to be used for detection of allergenic proteins from nuts in food products...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315214/detection-of-food-allergens-by-taqman-real-time-pcr-methodology
#12
Aina García, Raquel Madrid, Teresa García, Rosario Martín, Isabel González
Real-time PCR (polymerase chain reaction) has shown to be a very effective technology for the detection of food allergens. The protocol described herein consists on a real-time PCR assay targeting the plant ITS (Internal Transcribed Spacer) region, using species-specific primers and hydrolysis probes (Taqman) dual labeled with a reporter fluorophore at the 5' end (6-carboxyfluorescein, FAM) and a quencher fluorophore at the 3' end (Blackberry, BBQ). The species-specific real-time PCR systems (primers/probe) described in this work allowed the detection of different nuts (peanut, hazelnut, pistachio, almond, cashew, macadamia, walnut and pecan), common allergens present in commercial food products, with a detection limit of 0...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303393/effective-nut-dispersal-by-magpies-pica-pica-l-in-a-mediterranean-agroecosystem
#13
Jorge Castro, Mercedes Molina-Morales, Alexandro B Leverkus, Loreto Martínez-Baroja, Lorenzo Pérez-Camacho, Pedro Villar-Salvador, Salvador Rebollo, José M Rey-Benayas
Scatter-hoarding animals such as corvids play a crucial role in the dispersal of nut-producing tree species. This interaction is well known for some corvids, but remains elusive for other species such as the magpie (Pica pica), an abundant corvid in agroecosystems and open landscapes of the Palearctic region. In addition, the establishment of the individual dispersed seeds-a prerequisite for determining seed-dispersal effectiveness-has never before been documented for the interaction between corvids and nut-producing trees...
March 16, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289857/-neuronal-like-differentiation-of-murine-mesenchymal-stem-cell-line-stimulation-by-juglans-regia-l-oil
#14
Varsha Singh, Mingma Sherpa
Mesenchymal stem cells have been extensively used for cell-based therapies especially in neuronal diseases. Studies still continue to delineate mechanisms involved in differentiating mesenchymal stem cells into neuronal cells under experimental conditions as they have low mortality rate and hence, the number of cells available for experiments is much more limited. Culturing and differentiating of neuronal cell is more challenging as they do not undergo cell division thus, bringing them to differentiate proves to be a difficult task...
March 13, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287049/impact-of-processing-conditions-on-the-phytoprostanes-profile-of-three-types-of-nut-kernels
#15
Ana María Carrasco-Del Amor, Encarna Aguayo, Jacinta Collado-González, Alexandre Guy, Jean-Marie Galano, Thierry Durand, Ángel Gil-Izquierdo
The goal of this work was the identification and quantification of phytoprostanes (PhytoPs) in three types of nuts: "Walnut", "Macadamia", and "Pecan". This study represents a first approach to the relationship between the quantitative and qualitative PhytoP profiles in the "Macadamia" and "Pecan" nuts subjected to fried salt or fried honey processing. The kernels were found to contain 9-F1t-PhytoP, 9-epi-9-F1t-PhytoP, 16-B1-PhytoP, ent-16-B1-PhytoP, 9-L1-PhytoP, and ent-9-L1-PhytoP. "Macadamia" fried salt nuts were the only ones that produced 9-epi-9-D1-PhytoP and 9-D1-PhytoP...
February 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286541/an-evaluation-of-inexpensive-methods-for-root-image-acquisition-when-using-rhizotrons
#16
Awaz Mohamed, Yogan Monnier, Zhun Mao, Guillaume Lobet, Jean-Luc Maeght, Merlin Ramel, Alexia Stokes
BACKGROUND: Belowground processes play an essential role in ecosystem nutrient cycling and the global carbon budget cycle. Quantifying fine root growth is crucial to the understanding of ecosystem structure and function and in predicting how ecosystems respond to climate variability. A better understanding of root system growth is necessary, but choosing the best method of observation is complex, especially in the natural soil environment. Here, we compare five methods of root image acquisition using inexpensive technology that is currently available on the market: flatbed scanner, handheld scanner, manual tracing, a smartphone application scanner and a time-lapse camera...
2017: Plant Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266839/walnut-like-porous-core-shell-tio2-with-hybridized-phases-enabling-fast-and-stable-lithium-storage
#17
Yi Cai, Hong-En Wang, Xu Zhao, Fei Huang, Chao Wang, Zhao Deng, Yu Li, Guozhong Cao, Bao-Lian Su
TiO2 is a promising and safe anode material for lithium ion batteries (LIBs). However, its practical application has been plagued by its poor rate capability and cycling properties. Herein, we successfully demonstrate a novel structured TiO2 anode with excellent rate capability and ultralong cycle life. The TiO2 material reported here shows a walnut-like porous core/shell structure with hybridized anatase/amorphous phases. The effective synergy of the unique walnut-like porous core/shell structure, the phase hybridization with nanoscale coherent heterointerfaces, and the presence of minor carbon species endows the TiO2 material with superior lithium storage properties in terms of high capacity (∼177 mA h g(-1) at 1 C, 1 C = 170 mA g(-1)), good rate capability (62 mA h g(-1) at 100 C), and excellent cycling stability (∼83 mA h g(-1) was retained over 10 000 cycles at 10 C with a capacity decay of 0...
March 29, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265357/antioxidant-potential-of-juglans-nigra-black-walnut-husks-extracted-using-supercritical-carbon-dioxide-with-an-ethanol-modifier
#18
Jonathan Wenzel, Cheryl Storer Samaniego, Lihua Wang, Laron Burrows, Evan Tucker, Nathan Dwarshuis, Michelle Ammerman, Ali Zand
The black walnut, Junglas nigra, is indigenous to eastern North America, and abscission of its fruit occurs around October. The fruit consists of a husk, a hard shell, and kernel. The husk is commonly discarded in processing, though it contains phenolic compounds that exhibit antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. For this study, black walnut husks were extracted using supercritical carbon dioxide with an ethanol modifier. The effects of temperature, ethanol concentration, and drying of walnut husks prior to extraction upon antioxidant potential were evaluated using a factorial design of experiments...
March 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261916/probable-walnut-induced-anaphylactic-reaction-in-a-dog
#19
Ana Rostaher, Nina Maria Fischer, Claudia Kümmerle-Fraune, Nicolas Couturier, Sandrine Jacquenet, Claude Favrot
BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis due to nuts is frequent in humans; to the best of the authors' knowledge, it has not been reported previously in dogs. CASE REPORT: A 5-year-old female, intact, Vizsla dog was presented with acute diarrhoea, vomiting, respiratory distress and erythematous wheals. The dog had eaten walnuts, which she had been fed in small amounts for years, hours before the onset of clinical signs. A diagnosis of generalized anaphylaxis was made. Skin testing and Western blotting revealed positive results with walnuts and hazelnuts...
April 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257470/rethinking-the-history-of-common-walnut-juglans-regia-l-in-europe-its-origins-and-human-interactions
#20
Paola Pollegioni, Keith Woeste, Francesca Chiocchini, Stefano Del Lungo, Marco Ciolfi, Irene Olimpieri, Virginia Tortolano, Jo Clark, Gabriel E Hemery, Sergio Mapelli, Maria Emilia Malvolti
Common walnut (Juglans regia L) is an economically important species cultivated worldwide for its high-quality wood and nuts. It is generally accepted that after the last glaciation J. regia survived and grew in almost completely isolated stands in Asia, and that ancient humans dispersed walnuts across Asia and into new habitats via trade and cultural expansion. The history of walnut in Europe is a matter of debate, however. In this study, we estimated the genetic diversity and structure of 91 Eurasian walnut populations using 14 neutral microsatellites...
2017: PloS One
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