Read by QxMD icon Read


Ze-Wu Dong, Yu-Fang Yuan
Acute lung injury in children is a complication showing devastating disorders linked to fibrosis progression and inflammation response. Fibrosis and inflammation response are two markers for acute lung injury. Juglanin is a natural product mainly isolated from green walnut husks of Juglans mandshurica, which isconsidered as the functional composition among a series of compounds. It exhibited effective role in various diseases by inhibiting inflammation response. In our study, the protective effects and anti-inflammatory activity of juglanin were investigated in mice and lung cells treated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to reveal the possible mechanism by which juglanin attenuates acute lung injury...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Yaoyao Huang, Yang Hu, Lvcun Chen, Tao Yang, Hanfang Huang, Runping Shi, Peng Lu, Chenghua Zhong
Low-cost biosorbents (ginkgo leaf, osmanthus leaf, banyan leaf, magnolia leaf, holly leaf, walnut shell, and grapefruit peel) were evaluated in the simultaneous removal of La3+, Ce3+, Pr3+, Nd3+, Sm3+, Eu3+, Gd3+, Yb3+, Lu3+, UO22+, Th4+, Y3+, Co2+, Zn2+, Ni2+, and Sr2+ from aqueous solutions. In single metal systems, all adsorbents exhibited good to excellent adsorption capacities toward lanthanides and actinides. In a simulated multicomponent mixed solution study, higher selectivity and efficiency were observed for Th4+ over other metal cations, with ginkgo leaves providing the highest adsorptivity (81...
2018: PloS One
Martina Persic, Maja Mikulic-Petkovsek, Heidi Halbwirth, Anita Solar, Robert Veberic, Ana Slatnar
A rare variant of walnut with a red seed coat (pellicle) was examined for alterations in the phenolic profiles during development. The red walnut (RW) pellicle was compared to two commonly-colored walnut varieties; 'Lara' (brown) and 'Fernor' (light brown). Furthermore, the activity of selected enzymes of the phenylpropanoid and flavonoid related pathways and the relative expression of phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) and anthocyanidin synthase (ANS) structural genes were examined in the pellicles of the three varieties...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Nanjing Hao, Yuan Nie, John X J Zhang
We developed a facile and controllable strategy to fabricate biomimic walnut kernel-like mesoporous silica nanomaterial (WMSN) and erythrocyte-like mesoporous silica nanomaterial (EMSN). The former possesses unique multi-shell hollow structure and surface wrinkles while the latter has special multi-stack structure and bowl-shaped depression. These hierarchical materials with distinct structures can be finely tuned by changing the molar ratios of two surfactants, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide and 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid...
May 1, 2018: Microporous and Mesoporous Materials: the Official Journal of the International Zeolite Association
Tania-Marisa Freitas-Simoes, Montserrat Cofán, Maria A Blasco, Nora Soberón, Miguel Foronda, Dolores Corella, Eva M Asensio, Mercè Serra-Mir, Irene Roth, Carlos Calvo, Cinta Valls-Pedret, Ricardo P Casaroli-Marano, Mónica Doménech, Sujatha Rajaram, Joan Sabaté, Emilio Ros, Aleix Sala-Vila
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Shortening of leukocyte telomere length (LTL) is a biomarker of aging. Epidemiologic studies of LTL in relation to dietary fatty acids have reported conflicting results. The red blood cell (RBC) fatty acid status is a valid objective biomarker of long-term dietary intake of C18:2n-6, C18:3n-3 and long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (C20:5n-3 and C22:6n-3). In healthy older individuals, we investigated whether LTL relates to the RBC proportions of the main dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), and to the RBC proportion of arachidonic acid (C20:4n-6), a fatty acid that can generate pro-inflammatory lipid mediators once released from cell membranes...
February 17, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Ping Ning, Sijian Liu, Chi Wang, Kai Li, Xin Sun, Lihong Tang, Gui Liu
Walnut-shell activated carbon (WSAC) supported ferric oxide was modified by non-thermal plasma (NTP), and the removal efficiency for hydrogen sulfide over Fe/WSAC modified by dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) was significantly promoted. The sample modified for 10min and 6.8kV output (30V input voltage) maintained 100% H2 S conversion over a long reaction time of 390min. The surface properties of adsorbents modified by NTP under different conditions were evaluated by the methods of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis and in-situ Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), to help understand the effect of the NTP treatment...
February 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Martina Persic, Maja Mikulic-Petkovsek, Ana Slatnar, Anita Solar, Robert Veberic
In studies of secondary metabolites in nuts, many constituents in the kernel remain unidentified due to a high content of phenolic compounds in the pellicle. In the present study, we focused on the investigation of the phenolic and dicarboxylic acid profiles of walnut and hazelnut pellicle-less kernels. High-performance liquid chromatography with diode array and mass spectrometric detection (HPLC-DAD-MSn) was used to carry out the determination of individual phenolics and dicarboxylic acids in brown and red-pellicle walnut and hazelnut...
June 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
Benzhong Fu, Qianqian Chen, Mi Wei, Jieqian Zhu, Lulu Zou, Guoyuan Li, Lihua Wang
Here, we report the complete genome sequence of Xanthomonas arboricola pv. juglandis DW3F3, a strong pathogenic strain isolated from blighted walnut immature fruit ( Juglans regia L. cv. Qingxiang). The genome consists of a single chromosome (5,144 kb).
February 22, 2018: Genome Announcements
Charlotte Bamberger, Andreas Rossmeier, Katharina Lechner, Liya Wu, Elisa Waldmann, Sandra Fischer, Renée G Stark, Julia Altenhofer, Kerstin Henze, Klaus G Parhofer
Regular walnut consumption is associated with better health. We have previously shown that eight weeks of walnut consumption (43 g/day) significantly improves lipids in healthy subjects. In the same study, gut microbiome was evaluated. We included 194 healthy subjects (134 females, 63 ± 7 years, BMI 25.1 ± 4.0 kg/m²) in a randomized, controlled, prospective, cross-over study. Following a nut-free run-in period, subjects were randomized to two diet phases (eight weeks each); 96 subjects first followed a walnut-enriched diet (43 g/day) and then switched to a nut-free diet, while 98 subjects followed the diets in reverse order...
February 22, 2018: Nutrients
Negin Jamali Emam Gheise, Ahmad Riasi, Pietro Celi, Ahmad Zare Shahneh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Dairy Research
Wei Wang, Jiqiu Qi, Yanwei Sui, Yezeng He, Qingkun Meng, Fuxiang Wei, Yunxue Jin
A facile method was utilized to convert a common biomass of walnut shells into activated porous carbon by carbonization and activation with nitricacid treatment. The obtained activated carbon (WSs-2) exhibited excellent electrochemical performance with high specific capacitance of 137 F · g-1 at 1 A · g-1 and super cycling performance of 96% capacitance retention at 5 A · g-1 after 5000 cycles. In addition, NiCo2O4 nanoneedle arrays with good electrochemical properties were successfully prepared by a simple hydrothermal method...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Dipendu Saha, Bryan Taylor, Nicole Alexander, Daniel F Joyce, Gabriela I Faux, Yiting Lin, Vladimir Shteyn, Gerassimos Orkoulas
Highly microporous carbons have been synthesized from four types of agro-wastes of lignin, walnut shells, orange peels and apricot seeds by one-step carbonization/activation with potassium hydroxide (KOH) in varying ratios. The resultant carbons demonstrated BET specific surface areas of 727-2254 m 2 /g, and total pore volumes 0.34-1.14 cm 3 /g. These are higher than the majority of agro-waste derived carbons reported in the literature. For all the carbons, CO 2 adsorption at 298 K was higher than SF 6 followed by N 2 suggesting a possible separation of CO 2 and SF 6 from N 2 ...
February 6, 2018: Bioresource Technology
M S Amro, S L Teoh, A G Norzana, D Srijit
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a multifactorial disorder of the nervous system in which there is a progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons. There is a disturbance in the movement in PD and these include resting tremors, rigidity, bradykinesia or akinesia, disturbance, posture and freezing (motor block). The substantia nigra and other parts of the brain are commonly affected. The disorder could be related to oxidative stress and there is an important role of reactive oxygen species (ROS). A number of herbal products contain active components which are known to possess antioxidant action...
January 2018: La Clinica Terapeutica
Dolors Bosch, Marcela A Rodríguez, Laura Depalo, Jesús Avilla
The codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), is the key pest on pome fruit and walnut orchards worldwide. Its resistance to available insecticides has been widely reported. Chlorantraniliprole is an anthranilic diamide that was introduced in European countries in 2008-2009 and acts by activating the insect's ryanodine receptors. The aims of this study were to determine the baseline susceptibility of European populations of C. pomonella to chlorantraniliprole, to establish the discriminant concentrations (DC) to check the possible development of resistance, and to know the role of cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (P450) in the possible susceptibility decrease of field populations to the insecticide...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
Nopporn Thangthaeng, Shibu M Poulose, Derek R Fisher, Barbara Shukitt-Hale
Diets supplemented with walnuts have shown to protect brain against oxidative and inflammatory cytotoxicity and promote protective cellular and cognitive function. The current study was undertaken to test the hypothesize that whole walnut extract (WNE) inhibits lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced microglial activation by regulating calmodulin (CaM) expression through [Ca2+]i. To test this hypothesis, we used an in vitro model the highly aggressively proliferating immortalized cells, a rat microglial cell line, treated with various concentrations of WNEs...
January 2018: Nutrition Research
Albert E Mayfield, Jackson Audley, Robert Camp, Bryan T Mudder, Adam Taylor
The walnut twig beetle (Pityophthorus juglandis Blackman) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) is a regulated pest in the United States due to its causal role in thousand cankers disease of walnut trees, including the commercially valuable eastern black walnut (Juglans nigra L.). Several state quarantines designed to limit spread of P. juglandis regulate movement of kiln-dried walnut lumber that contains bark. Previous research demonstrated that P. juglandis will enter and re-emerge from bark of kiln-dried, J. nigra slabs subjected to extreme beetle pressure (baited with a pheromone lure and hung in infested J...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
Uzma Noor Shah, Javid Iqbal Mir, Nazeer Ahmed, Sumira Jan, Khalid Majid Fazili
The purpose of investigation was to assess the phytochemical and nutraceutical of walnut in leaf extracts through diverse quantitative and qualitative phytochemical tests followed by array of assays. The screening of 50 elite walnut genotypes which exhibited wide range of discrepancy in terms of phytochemicals as well as their anti-oxidant potential was done. Walnut genotypes displayed maximum divergence in quercetin content (2.86-5.78 mg/100 g) as represented by cluster analysis. The phenolic rich genotypes exhibiting total phenols (37...
February 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Micah E Stevens, Keith E Woeste, Paula M Pijut
Cutting propagation plays a large role in the forestry and horticulture industries where superior genotypes need to be clonally multiplied. Integral to this process is the ability of cuttings to form adventitious roots. Recalcitrance to adventitious root development is a serious hurdle for many woody plant propagation systems including black walnut (Juglans nigra L.), an economically valuable species. The inability of black walnut to reliably form adventitious roots limits propagation of superior genotypes...
January 25, 2018: Tree Physiology
B L Blood, W E Klingeman, M A Paschen, Ð Hadžiabdic, J J Couture, M D Ginzel, Lukasz Stelinski
Thousand cankers disease (TCD) is a pest complex formed by the association of the walnut twig beetle (WTB), Pityophthorus juglandis Blackman (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae), with the fungal pathogen Geosmithia morbida Kolařík, Freeland, Utley and Tisserat (Ascomycota: Hypocreales: Bionectriaceae). Current monitoring and detection efforts for WTB rely on a pheromone lure that is effective over a limited distance while plant- and fungal-derived volatiles that may facilitate host location remain poorly understood...
January 24, 2018: Environmental Entomology
Zhenggang Xu, Yu Ge, Wan Zhang, Yunlin Zhao, Guiyan Yang
BACKGROUND: Vacuolar H+-ATPase (V-ATPase) is a vital protein complex involved in abiotic stress response in plants. The G subunit of Juglans regia (JrVHAG1) was previously identified as a drought tolerance-related gene involved in the ABA (abscisic acid)-signal pathway. Heavy metal stress is becoming a major detriment for plant growth, development, and production. In order to understand the role of JrVHAG1, the potential function mechanism of JrVHAG1 exposed to CdCl2 stress was confirmed in this study...
January 22, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"