keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Walnuts

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150189/uranium-mobility-across-annual-growth-rings-in-three-deciduous-tree-species
#1
Kelly C McHugh, Elisabeth Widom, Henry B Spitz, Gregory C Wiles, Sam E Glover
Black walnut (Juglans nigra), slippery elm (Ulmus rubra), and white ash (Fraxinus americana) trees were evaluated as potential archives of past uranium (U) contamination. Like other metals, U mobility in annual growth rings of trees is dependent on the tree species. Uranium concentrations and isotopic compositions (masses 234, 235, 236, and 238) were analyzed by thermal ionization mass spectrometry to test the efficacy of using tree rings to retroactively monitor U pollution from the FFMPC, a U purification facility operating from 1951 to 1989...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148981/walnut-leaf-extract-acts-as-a-fertility-agent-in-male-wistar-albino-rats-a-search-for-herbal-male-fertility-enhancer
#2
Seun F Akomolafe, Ganiyu Oboh
Background Walnut leaf is one of the many medicinal plants used in folklore as male fertility enhancers. The present work was therefore undertaken with an aim to scientifically validate this claim. As such, we evaluated the effect of the aqueous extract from walnut leaves on biomolecules related to fertility in adult male rats and its mode of action as fertility-enhancing agent. Methods Twenty-five rats were randomly divided into five groups of five animals each; Group 1 served as control and received normal (0...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146852/draft-genome-sequence-of-agrobacterium-tumefaciens-biovar-1-strain-186-isolated-from-walnut
#3
Amisha T Poret-Peterson, Srijak Bhatnagar, Ali E McClean, Daniel A Kluepfel
Agrobacterium tumefaciens biovar 1 strain 186 was isolated from a walnut tree expressing crown gall symptoms. The draft genome sequence of this strain harbored genes for crown gall formation and will be useful for understanding its virulence on Paradox, the predominant hybrid rootstock used for the cultivation of English walnut in California.
November 16, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145952/nut-consumption-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease
#4
Marta Guasch-Ferré, Xiaoran Liu, Vasanti S Malik, Qi Sun, Walter C Willett, JoAnn E Manson, Kathryn M Rexrode, Yanping Li, Frank B Hu, Shilpa N Bhupathiraju
BACKGROUND: The associations between specific types of nuts, specifically peanuts and walnuts, and cardiovascular disease remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to analyze the associations between the intake of total and specific types of nuts and cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, and stroke risk. METHODS: The authors included 76,364 women from the Nurses' Health Study (1980 to 2012), 92,946 women from the Nurses' Health Study II (1991 to 2013), and 41,526 men from the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study (1986 to 2012) who were free of cancer, heart disease, and stroke at baseline...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142011/effect-of-distinct-lifestyle-interventions-on-mobilization-of-fat-storage-pools-the-central-mri-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Yftach Gepner, Ilan Shelef, Dan Schwarzfuchs, Hila Zelicha, Lilac Tene, Anat Yaskolka Meir, Gal Tsaban, Noa Cohen, Nitzan Bril, Michal Rein, Dana Serfaty, Shira Kenigsbuch, Oded Komy, Arik Wolak, Yoash Chassidim, Rachel Golan, Hilla Avni-Hassid, Avital Bilitzky, Benjamin Sarusi, Eyal Goshen, Elad Shemesh, Yaakov Henkin, Michael Stumvoll, Matthias Blüher, Joachim Thiery, Uta Ceglarek, Assaf Rudich, Meir J Stampfer, Iris Shai
Background -We aimed to assess whether distinct lifestyle strategies can differentially affect specific body adipose depots. Methods -We performed an eighteen-month randomized controlled trial among 278 sedentary adults with abdominal obesity (75%) or dyslipidemia in an isolated workplace with a monitored provided lunch. Participants were randomized to iso-caloric low-fat (LF) or Mediterranean/low-carbohydrate (MED/LC) diet+28g walnuts/day with/without added moderate physical activity (PA;80% aerobic; supervised/free gym membership)...
November 15, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127694/nut-co-reactivity-acquiring-knowledge-for-elimination-recommendations-nut-cracker-study
#6
Arnon Elizur, Michael Y Appel, Liat Nachshon, Michael B Levy, Naama Epstein-Rigby, Keren Golobov, Michael Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Ambiguities exist regarding the diagnosis of tree-nut allergy, necessitating either elimination or performance of oral food challenges (OFC). OBJECTIVE: To examine the co-incidences of allergies among tree-nuts and improve diagnostic testing to minimize the need for OFC. METHODS: Eighty three patients prospectively evaluated for walnut, pecan, cashew, pistachio, hazelnut and almond allergy. A history of previous reactions was obtained and standardized skin prick tests (SPT) using finely ground tree-nut solution and basophil activation tests (BAT) were performed...
November 11, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126716/antitumor-and-antimetastatic-effects-of-walnut-oil-in-esophageal-adenocarcinoma-cells
#7
Saime Batirel, Ayse Mine Yilmaz, Ali Sahin, Nikolaos Perakakis, Nesrin Kartal Ozer, Christos S Mantzoros
BACKGROUND: Walnuts contain many components including specific fatty acids, which could be active against cancer. Even though the anticarcinogenic effect of some of the individual fatty acids in walnut oil has been described, the effect of walnut oil itself on esophageal cancer cells hasn't yet been investigated. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate whether walnut oil affects tumor growth and metastatic potential in esophageal cancer cells. METHODS: The human esophageal adenocarcinoma cell line, OE19, was treated with different doses of walnut oil and cell viability, apoptosis/necrosis and cell cycle analyses were performed using WST-1 assay and flow cytometry respectively...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067029/unveiling-the-identity-of-wenwan-walnuts-and-phylogenetic-relationships-of-asian-juglans-species-using-restriction-site-associated-dna-sequencing
#8
Xian-Yun Mu, Miao Sun, Pei-Fang Yang, Qin-Wen Lin
Juglans species have considerable ecological and economic value worldwide. In China, Wenwan walnuts have been collected by aristocrats and noblemen for more than 2000 years. As a diversity center of Asian Juglans, five species are widely distributed in China. The most famous of these is Mahetao (J. hopeiensis), which is an uncharacterized species that is mostly cultivated. Wild J. hopeiensis individuals are very rare and are endemic to Hebei Province. Because of the minimal variations in previously used molecular markers and the heterogeneity between chloroplast and nuclear genomes, determining the phylogenetic relationships among the Juglans species has been challenging, and has hindered subsequent evolutionary inferences...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064409/effect-of-altering-dietary-n-6-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-ratio-with-plant-and-marine-based-supplement-on-biomarkers-of-bone-turnover-in-healthy-adults
#9
Sujatha Rajaram, Ellen Lan Yip, Rajneesh Reghunathan, Subburaman Mohan, Joan Sabaté
Although there is accumulating evidence for a protective role of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) on bone health, there are limited studies that examine the effect of altering dietary n-6:n-3 PUFA ratio with plant and marine sources of n-3 PUFA on bone health. Healthy adults (n = 24) were randomized into an eight-week crossover study with a four-week washout between treatments, with each subject consuming three of four diets. The four diets differed in the dietary n-6:n-3 PUFA ratios and either had an algal oil supplement added or not: (Control diet (10:1); α-linolenic acid (ALA) diet (2:1); Eicosapentaenoic acid/Docosahexaenoic acid (EPA/DHA) diet (10:1 plus supplement (S) containing EPA/DHA; Combination diet (2:1 + S))...
October 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039537/juglone-potentiates-trail%C3%A2-induced-apoptosis-in-human-melanoma-cells-via-activating-the-ros%C3%A2-p38%C3%A2-p53-pathway
#10
Xiao Liu, Yan Chen, Yaohua Zhang, Juan Du, Yubao Lv, Shuming Mo, Yingchao Liu, Feng Ding, Jinfeng Wu, Ji Li
Tumor necrosis factor‑related apoptosis‑inducing ligand (TRAIL)‑based cancer therapy offers promise as TRAIL can kill cancer cells without apparent toxicity towards normal cells. However, intrinsic or acquired resistance to TRAIL inseveral types of cancer cell has become a major challenge in TRAIL‑based cancer therapy. Juglone is a natural compound isolated from walnut trees. In the present study, it was demonstrated that juglone sensitized melanoma cells to TRAIL‑induced cytotoxicity by MTT and crystal violet assays...
December 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031299/marker-discovery-in-volatolomics-based-on-systematic-alignment-of-gc-ms-signals-application-to-food-authentication
#11
S Abou-El-Karam, J Ratel, N Kondjoyan, C Truan, E Engel
Starting with an experiment to authenticate walnut oils based on GC-MS analysis of the volatolome, this paper aims to demonstrate the relevance of a two-step alignment-based strategy for the systematic research of VOC markers. The first step of the treatment consists of roughly reducing the time shifts with efficient, known warping techniques like COW (Correlation Optimized Warping). The second step relies on an accurate peak apex alignment in order to refine residual local misalignments and to enable further systematic marker research through univariate or multivariate data treatments...
October 23, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027091/walnut-supplementation-reverses-the-scopolamine-induced-memory-impairment-by-restoration-of-cholinergic-function-via-mitigating-oxidative-stress-in-rats-a-potential-therapeutic-intervention-for-age-related-neurodegenerative-disorders
#12
Saida Haider, Zehra Batool, Saara Ahmad, Rafat Ali Siddiqui, Darakhshan Jabeen Haleem
The brain is highly susceptible to the damaging effects of oxidative reactive species. The free radicals which are produced as a consequence of aerobic respiration can cause cumulative oxygen damage which may lead to age-related neurodegeneration. Scopolamine, the anti-muscarinic agent induces amnesia and oxidative stress similar to that observed in the older age. Studies suggest that antioxidants derived from plant products may provide protection against oxidative stress. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate the attenuation of scopolamine-induced memory impairment and oxidative stress by walnut supplementation in rats...
October 12, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023476/genetic-and-ecological-insights-into-glacial-refugia-of-walnut-juglans-regia-l
#13
Mallikarjuna Aradhya, Dianne Velasco, Zakir Ibrahimov, Biimyrza Toktoraliev, David Maghradze, Mirza Musayev, Zviadi Bobokashvili, John E Preece
The distribution and survival of trees during the last glacial maximum (LGM) has been of interest to paleoecologists, biogeographers, and geneticists. Ecological niche models that associate species occurrence and abundance with climatic variables are widely used to gain ecological and evolutionary insights and to predict species distributions over space and time. The present study deals with the glacial history of walnut to address questions related to past distributions through genetic analysis and ecological modeling of the present, LGM and Last Interglacial (LIG) periods...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019366/moderation-of-hyperuricemia-in-rats-via-consuming-walnut-protein-hydrolysate-diet-and-identification-of-new-antihyperuricemic-peptides
#14
Qingyong Li, Xiaoyan Kang, Chuanchao Shi, Yujuan Li, Kaustav Majumder, Zhengxiang Ning, Jiaoyan Ren
In this study, walnut meal hydrolysates (WMH) and dephenolized walnut meal hydrolysates (DWMH) were found to effectively decrease the serum uric acid level and protect the renal function in potassium oxonate-induced hyperuricemic rats in vivo as well as inhibit xanthine oxidase in vitro. Two novel antihyperuricemic peptides including WPPKN (640.8 Da) and ADIYTE (710.7 Da) were purified from DWMH via Sephadex G-15 gel filtration and reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography and identified by LC-ESI-MS/MS...
October 11, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992678/alterations-of-food-specific-serum-igg4-titers-to-common-food-antigens-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#15
Hong Sub Lee, Kwang Jae Lee
Background/Aims: The role of dietary factors in the pathogenesis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is still unclear. The aim of this study was to compare IgG4 levels to common food antigens between patients with IBS and healthy controls. Methods: Thirty-two patients diagnosed as IBS according to the Rome III criteria (12 diarrhea subgroup; 20 non-diarrhea subgroup) and 32 sex and age-matched healthy controls participated in the study. Serum IgG4 titers to 90 common foods were measured in each subject...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989250/a-review-study-on-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-applications-of-juglans-regia-plant
#16
REVIEW
Hamdollah Delaviz, Jamshid Mohammadi, Ghasem Ghalamfarsa, Bahram Mohammadi, Naser Farhadi
In recent years, the use of medicinal plants increased considerably; so that today, the use of traditional medicine, as well as medicinal plants is necessary for the aim of producing more effective drugs with fewer side effects and determining the effective doses. With the scientific name of Juglans regia, walnut plant is a medicinal plant with different properties that is considered less, despite having great therapeutic potential in the traditional medicine. The aim of this study was to review the dispersal of walnut plants, the chemical compounds, and therapeutic effects of walnuts on antioxidant activity, antidiabetic, hypolipidemic, antimicrobial, and antihypertensive activities, as well as liver protection...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986984/crd-and-beyond-multivariable-regression-models-to-predict-severity-of-hazelnut-allergy
#17
Mareen R Datema, Ronald van Ree, Riccardo Asero, Laura Barreales, Simona Belohlavkova, Frédéric de Blay, Michael Clausen, Ruta Dubakiene, Cristina Fernández-Perez, Philipp Fritsche, David Gislason, Karin Hoffmann-Sommergruber, Monika Jedrzejczak-Czechowicz, Laurian Jongejan, André C Knulst, Marek Kowalski, Tanya Z Kralimarkova, Thuy-My Le, Jonas Lidholm, Nikolaos G Papadopoulos, Todor A Popov, Nayade Del Prado, Ashok Purohit, Isabel Reig, Suranjith L Seneviratne, Athanassios Sinaniotis, Serge A Versteeg, Stefan Vieths, A H Zwinderman, E N Clare Mills, Montserrat Fernández-Rivas, Barbara Ballmer-Weber
BACKGROUND: Component-resolved diagnosis (CRD) has revealed significant associations between IgE against individual allergens and severity of hazelnut allergy. Less attention has been given to combining them with clinical factors in predicting severity. AIM: To analyze associations between severity and sensitization patterns, patient characteristics and clinical history, and to develop models to improve predictive accuracy. METHODS: Patients reporting hazelnut allergy (n=423) from 12 European cities were tested for IgE against individual hazelnut allergens...
October 7, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985475/erratum
#18
(no author information available yet)
In the article "Changes in Aerobic Plate and Escherichia coli-Coliform Counts and in Populations of Inoculated Foodborne Pathogens on Inshell Walnuts during Storage" by J. C. Frelka, G. R. Davidson, and L. J. Harris, Journal of Food Protection 79(7):1143-1153, 2016, doi:10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-15-553, the sentence beginning in line 11 of the Abstract should read as follows: "Populations declined by 2.86, 5.01, and 4.40 log CFU per nut for Salmonella, E. coli O157:H7, and L. monocytogenes, respectively, after drying and during the first 8 days of storage...
October 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984822/a-walnut-enriched-diet-reduces-lipids-in-healthy-caucasian-subjects-independent-of-recommended-macronutrient-replacement-and-time-point-of-consumption-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Charlotte Bamberger, Andreas Rossmeier, Katharina Lechner, Liya Wu, Elisa Waldmann, Renée G Stark, Julia Altenhofer, Kerstin Henze, Klaus G Parhofer
Studies indicate a positive association between walnut intake and improvements in plasma lipids. We evaluated the effect of an isocaloric replacement of macronutrients with walnuts and the time point of consumption on plasma lipids. We included 194 healthy subjects (134 females, age 63 ± 7 years, BMI 25.1 ± 4.0 kg/m²) in a randomized, controlled, prospective, cross-over study. Following a nut-free run-in period, subjects were randomized to two diet phases (8 weeks each). Ninety-six subjects first followed a walnut-enriched diet (43 g walnuts/day) and then switched to a nut-free diet...
October 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974795/effect-of-walnut-protein-hydrolysate-on-scopolamine-induced-learning-and-memory-deficits-in-mice
#20
Wenzhi Li, Tiantian Zhao, Jianan Zhang, Jucai Xu, Dongxiao Sun-Waterhouse, Mouming Zhao, Guowan Su
A walnut protein hydrolysate (WPH) was prepared by using a mixture of pancreatin and viscozyme L from industrially available defatted walnut meal. The antioxidant effects of WPH were confirmed and quantified by reducing power, oxygen radical absorbance capacity, hydroxyl radical radical-scavenging activity and ABTS(+)· radical-scavenging activity assays. The protective effects of WPH on scopolamine-induced learning and memory deficits in mice were also evaluated based on in vivo behavioral tests. Results showed that WPH administration would lead to significantly decreased latencies while increased crossing times and target times in the spatial probe test, and increased escape latency and decreased error times in the step-down avoidance test for the scopolamine-induced dementia mice...
September 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
keyword
keyword
103297
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"