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Cervical transforaminal epidural

Fei Wang, Qian Zhou, Lizu Xiao, Juan Yang, Donglin Xong, Disen Li, LiPing Liu, Sigdha Ancha, Jianguo Cheng
BACKGROUND: We demonstrated a combination of pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) and cervical nerve root block (CNRB) via a posterior approach was superior to a transforaminal epidural steroid injection through the anterolateral approach for cervical radicular pain in a previous study. This randomized trial was conducted to determine the comparative efficacy between CNRB, PRF, and CNRB + PRF for cervical radicular pain. METHODS: A prospective and randomized design was used in this study...
October 14, 2016: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
Dong Gyu Lee, Sang-Ho Ahn, Jungwon Lee
Transforaminal Epidural steroid injections (TFESI) have been widely adopted to alleviate and control radicular pain in accord with current guidelines. However, sometimes repeated steroid injections have adverse effects, and thus, this prospective randomized trial was undertaken to compare the effectivenesses of pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) administered to a targeted dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and TFESI for the treatment of radicular pain due to disc herniation. Subjects were recruited when first proved unsuccessful (defined as a score of > 4 on a visual analogue scale (VAS; 0-10 mm) and of > 30% according to the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) or the Neck Disability Index (NDI))...
August 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Jung Hwan Lee, Sang-Ho Lee
Epidural steroid injection (ESI) is known to be an effective treatment for neck or radicular pain due to herniated intervertebral disc (HIVD) and spinal stenosis (SS). Although repeat ESI has generally been indicated to provide more pain relief in partial responders after single ESI, there has been little evidence supporting the usefulness of this procedure. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to determine whether repeat ESI at a prescribed interval of 2 to 3 weeks after the first injection would provide greater clinical benefit in patients with partial pain reduction than intermittent ESI performed only when pain was aggravated...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Bradly Goodman, Sridhar Vallabhaneni, Bradley Cubitt, Srinivas Mallempati
Unintended dural punctures with cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) leak are recognized as a frequent complication of spinal surgery. Although there are conservative and invasive options to treat post-operative CSF leaks, existing literature defines neither an algorithmic treatment approach nor a universally accepted standard of care. We believe that a transforaminal epidural blood patch (EBP) can serve as a minimally invasive, cost-effective option to treat post-surgical CSF leaks that do not resolve with conservative management...
June 15, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Ameet S Nagpal, George C Chang-Chien, Jonathan A Benfield, Kenneth D Candido, Maunak V Rana, Maxim Eckmann
BACKGROUND: Epidural steroid injections (ESIs) are among the most common procedures performed in an interventional pain management practice. It is well known that tragic complications may arise from ESIs, most commonly those performed using a transforaminal approach. Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) has been hailed as a fluoroscopic technique that can be used to detect arterial placement of the injection needle, and therefore as a safety measure that can decrease the incidence of catastrophic sequelae of these procedures...
May 2016: Pain Physician
S M Channabasappa, S Dharmappa, R Pandurangi
A 48-year-old male patient with a long-standing history of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) presented for ureteroscopic stone removal. On preoperative assessment, tracheal intubation was likely to be difficult due to decreased cervical spine mobility. Traditional neuraxial block was impossible due to the fusion of vertebral bodies. AS patients present the most serious array of intubation, which is secondary to decrease in cervical spine mobility and possible temporomandibular joint disease. Management of a case of AS can be very challenging when the airway and the central neuraxial blockade, both are difficult...
January 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
I H Feeley, E F Healy, J Noel, P J Kiely, T M Murphy
BACKGROUND: Steroids in transforaminal epidural injections are widely used to ease radicular pain in both cervical and lumbar radiculopathy. Concerns have been articulated about the use of particulate steroids for this intervention, as a number of case reports have been published linking them with post procedural paralysis, possibly due to spinal ischaemia secondary to a steroid particulate embolism. Non-particulate, or soluble steroids, are mooted as an alternative; however, their effectiveness relative to particulate steroids has not been conclusively proven...
February 12, 2016: European Spine Journal
Roderick J Finlayson, John-Paul B Etheridge, Pornpan Chalermkitpanit, Worakamol Tiyaprasertkul, Bill Nelems, De Q H Tran, Marc A Huntoon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Compared with the thoracic and lumbar spine, transforaminal epidural injections and medial branch blocks in the cervical spine are associated with a higher incidence of neurological complications. Accidental breach of small periforaminal arteries has been implicated in many instances. In this observational study, using ultrasonography, we surveyed the incidence of periforaminal bloods vessels in the cervical spine. METHODS: Patients undergoing ultrasound-guided cervical medial branch blocks were scanned using color power and pulsed wave Doppler...
March 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Jung Hwan Lee, Sang-Ho Lee
Transforaminal (TF) approach is preferred by physician to interlaminar (IL) approach because it can deliver injectates directly around nerve root and dorsal root ganglion, which is regarded as main pain sources. Axial neck pain is originated from sinuvertebral nerve located in ventral epidural spaces, which has been described to be related to central or paramedian disc herniation. It is very questionable that TF injection is also more effective than IL injection in the patients with axial neck or interscapular pain...
January 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jun Kyu Lee, Ki Whan Chae, Chang Il Ju, Byoung Wook Kim
Cervical epidural steroid injection is frequently used in the conservative management of neck pain and cervical radiculopathy. Epidural cervical transforaminal injections are usually well-tolerated with mild side effects such as transient decreased sensory and motor function, or headache due to dural puncture. Although there are a few case reports about adverse effects of cervical epidural injection in the literature, it can cause severe complications such as large hematoma, infarction by spinal vascular injury...
November 2015: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Prashanth J Rao, Kevin Phan, Rajesh Reddy, Daniel B Scherman, Peter Taylor, Ralph J Mobbs
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if degenerative disc-related back or neck pain and/or radicular symptoms are caused by infection with low virulent bacterial organisms. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The potential relationship between disc infection and disc degeneration-related symptoms remains controversial, with contradictory evidence available in the literature. Several studies have demonstrated the presence of infected extruded nucleus tissue from first-time disc herniation, implicating the role of disc microbial infection in disc degeneration...
June 2016: Spine
G M Lagemann, M P Yannes, A Ghodadra, W E Rothfus, V Agarwal
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cervical transforaminal epidural steroid injections are commonly performed for temporary pain relief or diagnostic presurgical planning in patients with cervical radiculopathy. Intravascular injection of steroids during the procedure can potentially result in cord infarct, stroke, and even death. CT-fluoroscopy allows excellent anatomic resolution and precise needle positioning. This study sought to determine the safest needle tip position during CT-guided cervical transforaminal epidural steroid injection as determined by the incidence of intravascular injection...
April 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
Alan D Kaye, Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Salahadin Abdi, Sairam Atluri, Sanjay Bakshi, Ramsin Benyamin, Mark V Boswell, Ricardo Buenaventura, Kenneth D Candido, Harold J Cordner, Sukdeb Datta, Gulshan Doulatram, Christopher G Gharibo, Vahid Grami, Sanjeeva Gupta, Sachin Jha, Eugene D Kaplan, Yogesh Malla, Dharam P Mann, Devi E Nampiaparampil, Gabor Racz, Prithvi Raj, Maunak V Rana, Manohar Lal Sharma, Vijay Singh, Amol Soin, Peter S Staats, Ricardo Vallejo, Bradley W Wargo, Joshua A Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Epidural injections have been used since 1901 in managing low back pain and sciatica. Spinal pain, disability, health, and economic impact continue to increase, despite numerous modalities of interventions available in managing chronic spinal pain. Thus far, systematic reviews performed to assess the efficacy of epidural injections in managing chronic spinal pain have yielded conflicting results. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and update the clinical utility of the efficacy of epidural injections in managing chronic spinal pain...
November 2015: Pain Physician
Nam Chull Paik
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In CT fluoroscopy (CTF)-guided cervical transforaminal epidural steroid injection (TFESI), the majority of radiation dose is contributed by the planning CT scan rather than the CTF procedure itself. We replaced the planning helical CT with a spot CTF and accordingly changed the patient posture during scout and planning scans. The aim of this study was to test whether radiation dose reduction would be achieved by this protocol modification while still maintaining technical performance...
April 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
E Choi, F S Nahm, P-B Lee
BACKGROUND: The different methods of cervical epidural injection include the median or paramedian interlaminar (PI) approach and the transforaminal (TF) approach. We hypothesized that the modified PI (mPI) approach could deliver drugs suitably and safely into the anterior epidural space compared with the TF approach. METHODS: A total of 62 patients were randomized into either the mPI group (n=31) or the TF group (n=31). Contrast to the anterior epidural space (primary outcome, grade 1-3), vascular uptake and discomfort were assessed...
November 2015: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Shrif J Costandi, Gerges Azer, Yashar Eshraghi, Yosaf Zeyed, Jasmyn E Atalla, Michael E Looka, Nagy A Mekhail
BACKGROUND: Cervical transforaminal epidural steroid injections (CTFESIs) may help decrease pain and restore function in patients with cervical radiculopathy. Evidence of the injections' effectiveness, however, remains controversial, and multiple case reports have identified potential complications. Such reports have led to diminished interest in including the procedure in patient care algorithms. OBJECTIVES: Our retrospective analysis aims to evaluate the CTFESI-associated pain relief and possible decreased need for spine surgery, along with its potential predictive role in determining cervical surgical outcomes...
November 2015: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Adam L Schreiber, Brian P McDonald, Farid Kia, Guy W Fried
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Cervical interlaminar and transforaminal epidural steroid injections have been increasingly performed as a medical interventional treatment for pain. PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine if there was increasing proportion of cervical spinal cord injured acute rehabilitation hospital admissions related to cervical epidural injections because of increased use of the procedure. Additionally, this study aimed to determine risk factors that may have made these patients known higher risk premorbidly...
October 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Hyun Bang, Seong Min Chun, Hee Won Park, Moon Suk Bang, Keewon Kim
We report a case of a 53-year-old male with traumatic cervical spinal cord injury (SCI). He could not maintain a standing position because of painful spasticity in his lower limbs. A magnetic resonance imaging and electromyography indicated chronic lumbosacral radiculopathy, explaining his chronic low back pain before the injury. For diagnostic as well as therapeutic purposes, transforaminal epidural steroid injection (ESI) to the right L5 root was performed. After the intervention, the spasticity decreased and his ambulatory function improved...
August 2015: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Zachary McCormick, Daniel Cushman, Mary Caldwell, Benjamin Marshall, Leda Ghannad, Christine Eng, Jaymin Patel, Steven Makovitch, Samuel K Chu, Ashwin N Babu, David R Walega, Christina Marciniak, Joel Press, David J Kennedy, Christopher Plastaras
OBJECTIVE: Minimal definitive literature identifies patients with radicular pain who would benefit most from epidural steroid injection (ESI). This study investigated if electromyographic (EMG) confirmation of radiculopathy with active or chronic denervation predicts a positive treatment outcome following ESI. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study of adults who underwent EMG and subsequent transforaminal ESI within 6 months. The proportion of individuals who experienced >50% pain relief and mean change in daily morphine equivalents (DME) were calculated...
August 2015: Journal of Nature and Science
Kwan Su Song, Jae Gon Moon, Chang Hyun Kim, Ho Kook Lee
The cause of propriospinal myoclonus (PSM) is idiopathic. Cervical trauma, ischemic myelopathy secondary to a spinal dural arteriovenous fistula, syringomyelia, Lyme neuroborreliosis, human immunodeficiency virus central nervous system infection, and cervical disc herniation can be the cause of PSM, but lumbar herniated intervertebral disc (HIVD) induced PSM has not been reported. We describe a patient who presented with PSM induced by HIVD and was treated with an epidural steroid injection using a transforaminal approach...
December 2011: Korean Journal of Spine
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