keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

hcv prophylaxis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875968/-a-rare-and-atypical-cause-of-scrotal-ulcerations
#1
Mohamed El Amraoui, Naoufal Hjira
Salmonelloses are bacterial infections of the faecal peril; they are endemic in some regions of the world. They can colonize almost any organ hematogenously, hence, severe forms may be observed. We report a case of typhoid fever in a 16-year old young adolescent with no medical history, sexually transmitted diseases or sexual intercourses, presenting with necrotic scrotal ulcerations evolving over the past 3 weeks in a context of fever, diarrhoea, weight loss and alteration of the general state. Paraclinical assessment showed 7g/dl hypochromic microcyticanemia with target cells in blood smear and normal hemoglobin electrophoresis, biologic inflammatory syndrome, malabsorption syndrome, cytolysis and hepatic cholestasis 20 times above the normal, hepatosplenomegaly, normal viral serologic testing (HBV, HCV, HIV, EBV and CMV) and positive testing for salmonella...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870504/stable-low-hepatitis-c-virus-antibody-prevalence-among-hiv-negative-msm-attending-the-sti-outpatient-clinic-in-amsterdam-2007-2017
#2
Astrid M Newsum, Martijn S van Rooijen, Michelle Kroone, Sylvia M Bruisten, Amy Matser, Arjan Hogewoning, Maria Prins, Titia Heijman
BACKGROUND: In response to the increased hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence recently found among participants of the Amsterdam pre-exposure prophylaxis demonstration project, we evaluated HCV prevalence over time and the performance of the HCV-MOSAIC risk score for detection of HCV infection in HIV-negative men who have sex with men (MSM) attending the Amsterdam STI clinic. METHODS: In October 2016, HIV-negative MSM were tested for anti-HCV and HCV RNA and completed the HCV-MOSAIC risk score...
June 4, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796965/challenges-facing-a-rural-opioid-epidemic-treatment-and-prevention-of-hiv-and-hepatitis-c
#3
REVIEW
Asher J Schranz, Jessica Barrett, Christopher B Hurt, Carlos Malvestutto, William C Miller
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews recent epidemiologic trends in HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) and strategies for treatment and prevention of these infections as they relate to the opioid epidemic. RECENT FINDINGS: Among people who inject drugs (PWID) in the United States (US), HIV diagnoses are decreasing, while HCV is increasing. Care for HIV and HCV relies heavily on specialist infrastructure, which is lacking in rural areas. Antiretrovirals for HIV and direct-acting antivirals for HCV are effective among PWID, yet multiple barriers make it difficult for rural injectors to access these treatments...
May 23, 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793873/executive-summary-of-the-gesida-consensus-document-on-control-and-monitoring-of-hiv-infected-patients
#4
(no author information available yet)
The continuous increase in our knowledge of HIV medicine and antiretroviral treatment has led us to draft specific consensus documents focused on topics other than antiretroviral therapy, such as treatment of opportunistic diseases, pre- and post-exposure prophylaxis, metabolic abnormalities, treatment of HBV or HCV coinfection, treatment of patients coinfected with tuberculosis, osteoporosis, kidney disorders, and cardiovascular risk. Accordingly, the AIDS Study Group (GeSIDA) of the Spanish Society of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology has promoted the drafting of this consensus document on the control and monitoring of adult patients infected with HIV...
May 21, 2018: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790254/chemsex-and-new-hiv-diagnosis-in-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-attending-sexual-health-clinics
#5
M Pakianathan, W Whittaker, M J Lee, J Avery, S Green, B Nathan, A Hegazi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to analyse associations between chemsex and new HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) diagnoses among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) accessing sexual health clinics. METHODS: A retrospective case note review was carried out for all GBMSM attending two London sexual health clinics between 1 June 2014 and 31 July 2015. RESULTS: Chemsex status was documented for 1734 of 1840 patients...
May 22, 2018: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774442/integrated-models-of-care-for-individuals-with-opioid-use-disorder-how-do-we-prevent-hiv-and-hcv
#6
REVIEW
Katherine M Rich, Joshua Bia, Frederick L Altice, Judith Feinberg
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe models of integrated and co-located care for opioid use disorder (OUD), hepatitis C (HCV), and HIV. RECENT FINDINGS: The design and scale-up of multidisciplinary care models that engage, retain, and treat individuals with HIV, HCV, and OUD are critical to preventing continued spread of HIV and HCV. We identified 17 models within primary care (N = 3), HIV specialty care (N = 5), opioid treatment programs (N = 6), transitional clinics (N = 2), and community-based harm reduction programs (N = 1), as well as two emerging models...
May 17, 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722445/review-article-the-prevention-of-hepatitis-b-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#7
REVIEW
C-L Lin, J-H Kao
BACKGROUND: Ample evidence indicates an aetiological association of persistent hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Several viral, host and external risk factors for the development of HBV-related HCC have been documented. AIMS: To summarise and discuss the risk stratification and the preventive strategies of HBV-related HCC. METHODS: Recent published studies identified from PubMed were comprehensively reviewed...
May 3, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561294/high-hiv-seroconversion-rate-in-hepatitis-c-virus-infected-drug-users-followed-in-a-harm-reduction-unit-a-lost-opportunity-for-preexposure-prophylaxis
#8
Jorge Valencia, Pablo Ryan, Alejandro Alvaro-Meca, Jesús Troya, Jorge Gutierrez, Guillermo Cuevas, Santiago Moreno
OBJECTIVES: Current harm reduction strategies will probably remain insufficient to eliminate HIV transmission among drug users. We aimed to estimate the HIV seroconversion rate among drug users followed at a harm reduction unit (HRU) to evaluate the potential use of preexposure prophylaxis as a prevention tool. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cohort of drug users has been followed at an HRU in Madrid between 2013 and 2016. Individuals who were HIV negative at baseline and who had at least one retest for HIV infection were eligible...
June 1, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526383/update-on-the-management-of-hepatitis-b-and-c-infections-in-the-neonatal-period
#9
REVIEW
Claudia M Espinosa, Ravi Jhaveri
Hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus have received a significant amount of attention in recent years, and both viruses share a significant amount of similarities with one another beyond just that they both primarily target the liver. In recent years, cases of both infections have been fueled by a nationwide epidemic of injection drug use. Most relevant to this audience, they are both transmitted from mother to child. The increased cases in young adults combined with mother to child transmission translate into more exposed infants that will need to be managed and followed...
April 2018: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507971/direct-acting-antiviral-prophylaxis-in-kidney-transplantation-from-hepatitis-c-virus-infected-donors-to-noninfected-recipients-an-open-label-nonrandomized-trial
#10
Christine M Durand, Mary G Bowring, Diane M Brown, Michael A Chattergoon, Guido Massaccesi, Nichole Bair, Russell Wesson, Ashraf Reyad, Fizza F Naqvi, Darin Ostrander, Jeremy Sugarman, Dorry L Segev, Mark Sulkowski, Niraj M Desai
Background: Given the high mortality rate for patients with end-stage kidney disease receiving dialysis and the efficacy and safety of hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatments, discarded kidneys from HCV-infected donors may be a neglected public health resource. Objective: To determine the tolerability and feasibility of using direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) as prophylaxis before and after kidney transplantation from HCV-infected donors to non-HCV-infected recipients (that is, HCV D+/R- transplantation)...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447988/escmid-study-group-for-infections-in-compromised-hosts-esgich-consensus-document-on-the-safety-of-targeted-and-biological-therapies-an-infectious-diseases-perspective-agents-targeting-lymphoid-cells-surface-antigens-i-cd19-cd20-and-cd52
#11
REVIEW
M Mikulska, S Lanini, C Gudiol, L Drgona, G Ippolito, M Fernández-Ruiz, B Salzberger
BACKGROUND: The present review is part of the ESCMID Study Group for Infections in Compromised Hosts (ESGICH) Consensus Document on the safety of targeted and biological therapies. AIMS: To review, from an Infectious Diseases perspective, the safety profile of agents targeting CD19, CD20 and CD52 and to suggest preventive recommendations. SOURCES: Computer-based MEDLINE searches with MeSH terms pertaining to each agent or therapeutic family...
February 12, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415584/management-of-chronic-viral-hepatitis-in-the-hematological-patient
#12
Laura Ambra Nicolini, Emanuela Zappulo, Claudio Viscoli, Malgorzata Mikulska
Infection with HBV and HCV represents a growing challenge in the management of patients with hematological malignancies. Recently, hepatitis E (HEV) was recognized as an endemic infection in developed countries and as an emerging health problem in immunocompromised patients. Areas covered: We reviewed the current knowledge on the impact of chronic viral hepatitis in the hematological setting. Epidemiological features, screening strategies and indications for treatment and monitoring have been explored and commented...
March 2018: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413884/epidemiological-investigation-and-analysis-of-the-ns5b-gene-and-protein-variability-of-non-primate-hepacivirus-in-several-horse-cohorts-in-rio-de-janeiro-state-brazil
#13
Andreza Soriano Figueiredo, Elisabeth Lampe, Pedro Pereira Lira Furtado de Albuquerque, Flávia Löwen Levy Chalhoub, Ana Maria Bispo de Filippis, Livia Melo Villar, Oswaldo Gonçalves Cruz, Marcelo Alves Pinto, Jaqueline Mendes de Oliveira
Among the hepacivirus species recently described, the non-primate hepacivirus/hepacivirus A found in horses and donkeys is closely related to the human hepatitis C virus (HCV). Therefore, the equine is an attractive surrogate large animal model for the study of HCV therapy, pathogenesis and prophylaxis. Despite global efforts, epidemiological and genetic studies have not elucidated the risk factors, virus distribution or genetic variability of the hepacivirus A, which are also important issues for the equine welfare...
April 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394918/expanded-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-implementation-in-communities-in-new-south-wales-australia-epic-nsw-design-of-an-open-label-single-arm-implementation-trial
#14
Iryna B Zablotska, Christine Selvey, Rebecca Guy, Karen Price, Jo Holden, Heather-Marie Schmidt, Anna McNulty, David Smith, Fengyi Jin, Janaki Amin, David A Cooper, Andrew E Grulich
BACKGROUND: The New South Wales (NSW) HIV Strategy 2016-2020 aims for the virtual elimination of HIV transmission in NSW, Australia, by 2020. Despite high and increasing levels of HIV testing and treatment since 2012, the annual number of HIV diagnoses in NSW has remained generally unchanged. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is highly effective in preventing HIV infection among gay and bisexual men (GBM) when taken appropriately. However, there have been no population-level studies that evaluate the impact of rapid PrEP scale-up in high-risk GBM...
February 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391309/role-of-nucleoside-nucleotide-analogues-and-low-dose-hepatitis-b-immune-glob%C3%A3-lin-in-prophylaxis-of-hepatitis-b-recurrence-among-cadaveric-liver-transplant-recipients
#15
Tokunbo Ajayi, Harry Luu, Behnam Saberi, James P Hamilton, Bugra Tolga Konduk, Burak Özşeker, Kawtar Al Khalloufi, Aliaksei Pustavoitau, Benjamin Philosophe, Andrew M Cameron, Ahmet Gürakar
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb) positivity of the donor or the recipient may pose a risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation following liver transplantation (LT). We retrospectively investigated patient survival and reactivation among recipients who were given low-dose Hepatitis B Immune Globulin (HBIG) plus antiviral agent (AV) versus AV only. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records of cadaveric LT recipients, between 2013 and 2016, with positive Hepatitis B surface Antigen (HBsAg) and/or HBcAb and recipients who had received LT from HBcAb-positive donors were reviewed...
January 2018: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379004/pneumomediastinum-and-pneumothorax-associated-with-herpes-simplex-virus-hsv-pneumonia
#16
Fermín López-Rivera, Xavier Colón Rivera, Hernán A González Monroig, Juan Garcia Puebla
BACKGROUND Pneumonia is one of the most common causes of death from infectious disease in the United States (US). Although most cases of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) are secondary to bacterial infection, up to one-third of cases are secondary to viral infection, most commonly due to rhinovirus and influenza virus. Pneumonia due to herpes simplex virus (HSV) is rare, and there is limited knowledge of the pathogenesis and clinical complications. This report is of a fatal case of HSV pneumonia associated with bilateral pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum...
January 30, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371017/hepatitis-b-virus-reactivation-during-direct-acting-antiviral-therapy-for-hepatitis-c-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Marcus M Mücke, Lisa I Backus, Victoria T Mücke, Nicola Coppola, Carmen M Preda, Ming-Lun Yeh, Lydia S Y Tang, Pamela S Belperio, Eleanor M Wilson, Ming-Lung Yu, Stefan Zeuzem, Eva Herrmann, Johannes Vermehren
BACKGROUND: Direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection might pose a risk for hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation in patients coinfected with chronic or resolved HBV infection. The need for HBV antiviral prophylaxis during DAA treatment remains controversial. We aimed to analyse the absolute risk of HBV reactivation in patients with active or resolved HBV infection treated with DAAs for HCV infection. METHODS: For this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Web of Science from Oct 1, 2010, to Sept 30, 2017, to identify studies of patients with chronic or resolved HBV infection at baseline treated with DAAs for chronic HCV infection...
January 19, 2018: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290909/influence-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-in-the-development-of-spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis
#18
Suelen A S Miozzo, Jorge A John, Marcelo C Appel-da-Silva, Isabella A Dossin, Cristiane V Tovo, Angelo A Mattos
AIM: To investigate whether the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) increases the incidence of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) in patients with cirrhosis and ascites. METHODS: An historical cohort study was carried out in cirrhotic outpatients with ascites followed in a specialized clinic at a tertiary hospital in Southern Brazil. Patient charts were reviewed to collect information on the variables of interest as the use of PPIs. Primary outcome was defined as development of SBP during the study period...
December 18, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239887/incidence-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-before-and-after-preexposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv
#19
Vinh-Kim Nguyen, Zoë R Greenwald, Helen Trottier, Martha Cadieux, Alexandre Goyette, Mariève Beauchemin, Louise Charest, Danièle Longpré, Stéphane Lavoie, Hermione Gbego Tossa, Réjean Thomas
OBJECTIVE: Use of preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV raises concerns about sexually transmitted infection (STI) incidence because of decreased condom use among MSM. This study examines whether PrEP is associated with STIs in the 12 months following PrEP prescription relative to the 12 months prior to PrEP and if STI rates are higher among PrEP users relative to individuals receiving postexposure prophylaxis (PEP). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study including PrEP users with more than 12 months of follow-up before PrEP prescription and individuals receiving PEP from 2010 to 2015 at Clinique l'Actuel (Montréal, Canada)...
February 20, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105629/designing-and-molecular-docking-of-cyclic-peptides-against-hcv-ns3-protease
#20
Muhammad Shareef Masoud, Shazia Anwer Bukhari, Muhammad Qasim, Syed Ali Raza Naqvi, Usman A Ashfaq
Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection is a worldwide serious health issue which contributes towards most of the hepatic morbidities. So far no prophylaxis is available to prevent this virus; therefore, development of antiviral compounds to fight HCV infection is the need of time. Chemically synthesized peptides that are potent immunogenic antigens are being pursued as candidate vaccines against HCV. The present study was planned to identify peptide inhibitors having potential to block the activity of NS3 protein of HCV that will ultimately arrest HCV multiplication...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
keyword
keyword
103291
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"