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Cutaneous Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088585/nocardiosis-in-south-of-france-during-the-last-ten-years
#1
Delphine Haussaire, Pierre-Edouard Fournier, Karamoko Djiguiba, Valerie Moal, Tristan Legris, Rajsingh Purgus, Jeremy Bismuth, Xavier Elharrar, Martine Reynaud-Gaubert, Henri Vacher-Coponat
BACKGROUND: Nocardiosis is a rare disease with polymorphic presentations. Epidemiology and clinical presentation could change with the increasing number of immunocompromised patients. METHODS: Medical records and microbiologic data for patients affected by nocardiosis and treated in the university hospital of Marseille between 2004 and 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: We analyzed 34 patients infected by Nocardia spp during this period...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087048/-characteristics-and-risk-factors-for-recurrence-of-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-with-conventional-surgery-and-surgery-with-delayed-intraoperative-margin-assessment
#2
Judith Domínguez-Cherit, Georgina Rodríguez-Gutiérrez, Verónica Narváez Rosales, Sonia Toussaint Caire, Verónica Fonte Avalos
BACKGROUND: Non-melanoma skin cancer includes basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Basal cell carcinoma is the most common and least aggressive but in a low percentage of cases, despite appropriate wide surgical margins, it can be aggressive, producing local invasion, recurrences and distance metastasis. SCC has a more aggressive behaviour invading first the skin, the lymph nodes and less frequently produces distance metastasis OBJECTIVE: To identify the characteristics of recurrent SCC and frequency of new SCC after conventional surgical and primary closure or closure delayed until a histological reporting of tumour-free surgical margins, in order to achieve a better surgical option, in our Mexican population...
January 10, 2017: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079731/midterm-radiographic-and-functional-outcomes-of-the-anterior-internal-pelvic-fixator-infix
#3
Rahul Vaidya, Adam Jonathan Martin, Matthew Roth, Frederick Tonnos, Bryant Oliphant, Jon Carlson
OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience using the anterior internal pelvic fixator (INIFX) for treating pelvic ring injuries. DESIGN: Case Series SETTING:: Level 1 Trauma Center PATIENTS:: Eighty-three patients with pelvic ring injuries treated with INFIX. Follow up avg. 35 months (range 12-80.33) INTERVENTION:: Surgical treatment of pelvic ring injuries included reduction, appropriate posterior fixation, and INFIX placement. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Reduction using the pelvic deformity index (PDI) and pubic symphysis(PS) widening, Majeed functional scores, complications; infection, implant failure, heterotopic ossification (HO), nerve injury, and pain...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079637/ln2-cd10-and-ezrin-do-not-distinguish-between-atypical-fibroxanthoma-and-undifferentiated-pleomorphic-sarcoma-or-predict-clinical-outcome
#4
Allison Hanlon, Thomas Stasko, Dan Christiansen, Nika Cyrus, Anjela Galan
BACKGROUND: Atypical fibroxanthoma (AFX) is a rare cutaneous spindled cell neoplasm. For both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes, it is important to distinguish AFX from other poorly differentiated tumors, including undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS). OBJECTIVE: The authors aimed to identify the clinical, histologic, and immunohistochemical expression of LN2, ezrin, and CD10 in AFX and UPS tumors. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The authors retrospectively examined the charts of patients with AFX and UPS treated with Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) at 2 academic institutions...
January 10, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066529/biopsy-1-2-3-in-dermatologic-surgery-improving-smartphone-use-to-avoid-wrong-site-surgery
#5
James T Highsmith, David A Weinstein, M Jason Highsmith, Jeremy R Etzkorn
The smartphone has become a ubiquitous tool in modern culture. Given the current high quality of smartphone cameras, they should be considered a valuable tool for the dermatologic surgeon in the pre-operative consultation. The purpose of this technical note is to describe a methodology using smartphone camera technology to improve the process for capturing biopsy site photographs and including those photos in decision making to maximize cutaneous surgical outcomes. This technical note describes a three-step procedure (BIOPSY 1-2-3) to simplify and standardize the protocol for capturing a biopsy site photograph using the patient's own smartphone...
September 2016: Technology and Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058953/use-of-a-subdermal-plexus-flap-to-reconstruct-an-upper-eyelid-following-radical-tumor-resection-in-a-cat
#6
Filipe C Dias, Alan Danielski, Kate Forster, David L Williams
CASE DESCRIPTION A 15-year-old neutered male domestic shorthair cat was examined for treatment of a recurrent neoplastic mass in the left upper eyelid that had been excised 6 months earlier by the referring veterinarian. CLINICAL FINDINGS An apparently nonpainful firm cutaneous mass (approx 2 × 2 mm) was located on the lateral third of the left upper eyelid near the scar from the previous surgical excision. TREATMENT AND OUTCOME Approximately one-third of the left upper lip was used as a subdermal plexus (lip-to-lid) flap to cover the defect created by en bloc excision of the eyelid mass...
January 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056985/a-single-institutional-review-of-68-patients-with-dermatofibrosarcoma-protuberans-wide-re-excision-after-inadequate-previous-surgery-results-in-a-high-rate-of-local-control
#7
Kamran Harati, Kim Lange, Ole Goertz, Armin Lahmer, Nicolai Kapalschinski, Ingo Stricker, Marcus Lehnhardt, Adrien Daigeler
BACKGROUND: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a cutaneous soft tissue sarcoma characterized by an indolent but aggressive local growth. Unplanned excisions with positive margins are common, and the prognostic impact of radical re-excisions is still unclear. The aim of the present study was to identify prognostic indicators of recurrence-free survival (RFS) in patients with DFSP through a long-term follow-up. We tried particularly to determine the prognostic impact of surgical margins and re-excisions in patients after earlier inadequate surgery...
January 5, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050154/treatment-and-outcomes-for-primary-cutaneous-extramedullary-plasmacytoma-a-case-series
#8
D S Tsang, L W Le, V Kukreti, A Sun
BACKGROUND: Primary cutaneous plasmacytoma (pcp) is a rare disease, with few studies to guide therapy. Our primary study objective was to define treatments used for pcp; a secondary objective was to describe outcomes of patients, including disease recurrence and death. METHODS: An institutional cancer registry was used to identify cases for retrospective chart review. In a systematic review, treatments for, and outcomes of, all known cases of pcp were described...
December 2016: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049512/a-stab-wound-to-the-axilla-illustrating-the-importance-of-brachial-plexus-anatomy-in-an-emergency-context-a-case-report
#9
Diogo Casal, Teresa Cunha, Diogo Pais, Inês Iria, Maria Angélica-Almeida, Gerardo Millan, José Videira-Castro, João Goyri-O'Neill
BACKGROUND: Although open injuries involving the brachial plexus are relatively uncommon, they can lead to permanent disability and even be life threatening if accompanied by vascular damage. We present a case report of a brachial plexus injury in which the urgency of the situation precluded the use of any ancillary diagnostic examinations and forced a rapid clinical assessment. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a Portuguese man who had a stabbing injury at the base of his left axilla...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032670/prospective-study-of-definitive-chemoradiation-in-locally-or-regionally-advanced-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-skin
#10
Michelle K Nottage, Charles Lin, Brett G M Hughes, Lizbeth Kenny, David D Smith, Kathleen Houston, Alessandra Francesconi
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to present our evaluation of the outcomes of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in patients with locally advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). METHODS: This was a prospective phase II study. The primary endpoint was complete response (CR). Patients with locally/regionally advanced cutaneous SCC deemed unsuitable for surgery received definitive radiotherapy (RT; 70 Gy in 35fractions) and concurrent weekly platinum-based chemotherapy (cisplatin 40 mg/m2 or carboplatin area under the curve 2)...
December 29, 2016: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028407/endoscopic-anatomy-and-features-of-anterior-cervical-foraminotomy-by-destandau-technique
#11
Keyvan Mostofi, Reza Karimi Khouzani
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive spine surgery limits surgical trauma and avoids traditional open surgery so in the majority of cases, recovery is much quicker and patients have less pain after surgery. AIM: The authors describe an endoscopic approach to anterior cervical foraminotomy (ACF) by Destandau's method. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Anterior cervical foraminotomy by Destandau's method is carried out under general anaesthesia. A 3 cm transverse skin incision is used just slightly past the anterior border of the sternocleidomastoid's muscle laterally...
December 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027249/neurectomy-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-postoperative-pain-after-surgery-of-the-trunk
#12
Purushottam Nagarkar, Smita Ramanadham, Khalil Chamseddin, Avneesh Chhabra, Shai M Rozen
BACKGROUND: Incidence of chronic postoperative neurogenic pain after open and laparoscopic trunk operations is reported between 1 and 20 percent, rendering a large population in the United States and worldwide. One possible treatment is selective surgical neurectomy. METHODS: All patients who underwent neurectomy for chronic trunk or groin postoperative neurogenic pain were identified. Based on individual history and examination, patients underwent neurectomies of the ilioinguinal, iliohypogastric, genitofemoral, lateral-femoral cutaneous, or intercostal nerves...
January 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012095/anatomical-variability-and-histological-structure-of-the-ulnar-nerve-in-the-guyon-s-canal
#13
Paweł Depukat, Brandon Michael Henry, Patrick Popieluszko, Joyeeta Roy, Ewa Mizia, Tomasz Konopka, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski, Jerzy A Walocha
OBJECTIVES: The goal of our study was to analyze the prevalence of variations, branching patterns, and histology of the ulnar nerve (UN) in Guyon's canal to address its importance in hand surgery, particularly decompression of the UN. METHODS: Fifty fresh cadavers were dissected bilaterally, and the nerve in the area of Guyon's canal was visualized. Samples for histology were also taken and prepared. The collected data were then analyzed. RESULTS: Morphometric measurements of the hands and histological studies were not found to have significant differences when compared by left or right side or by sex...
December 23, 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005812/microcystic-adnexal-carcinoma-of-the-nasal-tip-treated-with-surgical-excision-and-rotational-forehead-skin-flap
#14
Min Seok Kang, Eun Jung Lee, Ji Seop Kim, In Sik Yun, Hyung Kwon Byeon
Microcystic adnexal carcinoma (MAC) is a rare malignant cutaneous adenocarcinoma that typically occurs in the head and neck, particularly at the central face. There are only slightly more than 300 patients reported worldwide, and most patients occur in Caucasians. A 72-year-old man was referred to our hospital for definitive treatment of known MAC from previous biopsy. Wide excision of nasal tip and reconstruction of nasal defect with paramedian forehead flap and nasolabial flap transposition were performed rather than conventional Mohs surgery, due to grossly evident disease...
November 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005730/correction-of-a-long-face-simultaneous-reduction-of-the-upper-lip-using-a-modified-endonasal-technique-and-le-fort-i-osteotomy-superior-impaction
#15
Seungil Chung, Sanghoon Park
BACKGROUND: Although Le Fort I osteotomy superior impaction during bimaxillary surgery is beneficial for patients with a long face, achieving satisfactory results can be challenging due to the redundant upper lip. However, upper-lip reduction has rarely been performed during or following bimaxillary surgery because of the difficulty in estimating the required amount of cutaneous resection needed and the apparent horizontal scars left behind. Therefore, no simultaneous cutaneous upper-lip reduction with orthognathic surgery has been reported...
November 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005622/laser-safety-in-isotretinoin-use-a-survey-of-expert-opinion-and-practice
#16
Heidi B Prather, Murad Alam, Emily Poon, Kenneth A Arndt, Jeffrey S Dover
BACKGROUND: Reports of poor wound healing in the setting of isotretinoin treatment have created a conservative standard of care in which laser and phototherapy treatment of patients receiving isotretinoin is relatively contraindicated. OBJECTIVE: A survey of 220 nationally recognized experts in cutaneous laser surgery was conducted to evaluate physician experience and opinion pertaining to laser and light procedures in patients treated with isotretinoin, including perceived risk and actual complications...
December 21, 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000654/mesh-erosion-into-urinary-bladder-following-laparoscopic-inguinal-hernia-repair
#17
Arjun Singh Sandhu, Ameet Kumar, Bharath N Kumar
Along with advantages, evolving surgical techniques bring unique complications. A young male developed urinary symptoms a few months after undergoing laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. On evaluation, mesh erosion into the urinary bladder was found. Removal of mesh with repair of bladder was done. A vesico-cutaneous fistula resulted which was managed with repeat surgery. We review all such cases reported in literature; discuss the etiopathogenesis, presentation, management and possible preventive measures...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994832/mayo-clinic-cancer-center-experience-of-metastatic-extramammary-paget-disease-1998-2012
#18
Leslie Padrnos, Nina Karlin, Thorvardur R Halfdanarson
Extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) is a rare cutaneous malignancy. The most common presentation of EMPD is the vulva followed by perianal involvement. Most cases are localized to the dermis with treatment focused on surgery, topical treatment or radiotherapy. Recurrence is frequent despite therapies utilized. Metastatic extramammary Paget disease is uncommon and, as such, standard treatment guidelines do not exist. This study sought to evaluate the treatment regimens and outcomes of patients treated at a Mayo Clinic Center from 1998-2012...
November 17, 2016: Rare Tumors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993587/percutaneous-needle-tenotomy-for-the-treatment-of-muscle-and-tendon-contractures-in-adults-with-brain-damage-results-and-complications
#19
Flavia Coroian, Claire Jourdan, Jérome Froger, Claire Anquetil, Olivier Choquet, Bertand Coulet, Isabelle Laffont
OBJECTIVE: To study the results and complications of percutaneous needle tenotomy (PNT) of superficial retracted tendons in brain damaged patients. Muscle and tendon contractures are common in this population and can lead to severe functional impairment. Care management is commonly based on open surgical tenotomy. PNT is a mini-invasive surgical procedure suspected to be safer among frail patients. DESIGN: Prospective observational study SETTING: University Hospital Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) and Orthopedic Surgery Departments...
December 16, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992127/cutaneous-b-cell-lymphomas-pathogenesis-diagnostic-workup-and-therapy
#20
Jan P Nicolay, Marion Wobser
Cutaneous B-cell lymphomas (CBCLs) comprise a group of mature lymphoproliferative B-cell disorders that primarily affect the skin. Characterized by great biological and clinical variability among its various subtypes, CBCLs fundamentally differ from primary nodal or systemic B-cell lymphomas. Given their uncomplicated course and excellent prognosis, lymphoma classifications rank primary cutaneous marginal zone lymphoma (PCMZL) and primary cutaneous follicle center lymphoma (PCFCL) as indolent CBCLs. By contrast, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, leg type (DLBCL-LT) in particular, represent more aggressive lymphoma variants associated with a poorer prognosis...
December 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
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