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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719226/learned-helplessness-and-sexual-risk-taking-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-african-american-females
#1
Laura Pittiglio
Research involving adolescent and young African American (AA) females has demonstrated that they face uncontrollable obstacles which can interfere with the negotiation of safer sexual behaviors. If these obstacles are perceived as uncontrollable, then these females may be at risk for the development of Learned Helplessness (LH). As the LH model predicts, if these obstacles are believed not to be in their control, it may lead to deficits in motivational or cognitive decision-making, deficits that could certainly influence their sexual risk taking behaviors...
July 18, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718707/child-sexual-abuse-and-adult-mental-health-sexual-risk-behaviors-and-drinking-patterns-among-latino-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#2
Ethan Czuy Levine, Omar Martinez, Brian Mattera, Elwin Wu, Sonya Arreola, Scott Edward Rutledge, Bernie Newman, Larry Icard, Miguel Muñoz-Laboy, Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, Seth Welles, Scott D Rhodes, Brian M Dodge, Sarah Alfonso, M Isabel Fernandez, Alex Carballo-Diéguez
One in five Latino men who have sex with men has experienced child sexual abuse. Although concerning in itself, child sexual abuse may increase an individuals' likelihood of depression and risk-taking in adult life, including engagement in HIV risk behaviors and alcohol and substance use. It is therefore urgent that researchers and practitioners better understand the long-term effects of child sexual abuse. We utilized logistic and linear regression to assess associations between child sexual abuse (operationalized as forced or coerced sexual activity before age 17) and depression, sexual behaviors, and drinking patterns in a sample of 176 adult Latino men who have sex with men from New York City...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710214/trends-and-factors-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-or-hepatitis-c-virus-testing-and-infection-among-injection-drug-users-newly-entering-methadone-maintenance-treatment-in-guangdong-province-china-2006-2013-a-consecutive-cross-sectional-study
#3
Yin Liu, Yu Liu, Xia Zou, Wen Chen, Li Ling
OBJECTIVES: To assess trends and related factors in HIV and/or hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody testing and infection among injection drug users (IDUs) newly entering methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in Guangdong Province, China. METHOD: Consecutive cross sectional surveys were conducted in 14 MMT clinics from July 2006 to December 2013 in Guangdong Province, China. IDUs were excluded if they were re-enrolled or referred from other MMT clinics. Trend tests were used to examine HIV and/or HCV testing and infection, sociodemographic characteristics, drug use related behaviours and the past 3 month sexual behaviours on enrolment...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700394/medication-adherence-condom-use-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-australian-preexposure-prophylaxis-users
#4
Luxi Lal, Jennifer Audsley, Dean A Murphy, Christopher K Fairley, Mark Stoove, Norm Roth, Richard Moore, Ban K Tee, Nalagafiar Puratmaja, Peter L Anderson, David Leslie, Robert M Grant, John De Wit, Edwina Wright
OBJECTIVE: HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) decreases risk of HIV acquisition; however, its efficacy is closely dependent on adherence. There is also concern that the preventive effect of PrEP may be offset by risk compensation, notably an increase in condomless anal sex. DESIGN: Multisite, open-label demonstration study that recruited people at current or recent risk of HIV infection in Melbourne, Australia. METHODS: Participants were recruited from three general practice clinics and one sexual health clinic in Melbourne and consented to take daily tenofovir/emtricitabine (TFV/FTC) for 30 months...
July 31, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697624/evaluating-a-novel-intervention-to-reduce-trauma-symptoms-and-sexual-risk-taking-qualitative-exit-interviews-with-sexual-minority-men-with-childhood-sexual-abuse
#5
S Wade Taylor, Brett M Goshe, Samantha M Marquez, Steven A Safren, Conall O'Cleirigh
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) continues to affect sexual minority men (SMM) at disproportionate levels and contributes to multiple negative health outcomes, including sexual-risk taking and HIV acquisition. This paper presents qualitative evaluative feedback from SMM (N = 9) who participated in a 10-session Cognitive Behavioral Therapy-Trauma and Sexual Health (CBT-TSH) intervention to reduce CSA-related posttraumatic stress reaction and distress. The treatment was designed to increase accurate sexual risk appraisals and to improve self-care health behaviors related to HIV/STI acquisition...
July 12, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693461/social-network-correlates-of-hiv-risk-related-behaviors-among-male-migrants-in-china
#6
Wenqing Wang, Kathryn E Muessig
BACKGROUND: Significant domestic and global research has focused on HIV risk among China's large internal migrant population. Much of this work takes an individual behavior approach while ignoring the critical role social networks play in shaping HIV risk. METHODS: Based on past studies among migrant men in China of yingchou activities (activities that build and reinforce social networks such as eating, drinking alcohol and patronizing commercial sex), we constructed ego-centric networks for a sample of 385 male migrants recruited from multiple worksites in Beijing...
May 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692231/-the-menopausal-hormone-therapy-in-2016
#7
Evangelia Pavlidou, Paul Pirtea, Isabelle Streuli
The menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) is the first line treatment for climacteric symptoms related to estrogen deficiency. A personalized evaluation of the benefit-risk ratio should precede a MHT prescription, and take into consideration cardiovascular, thromboembolic, oncological and osteoporosis risks. MHT should be prescribed at the lowest effective dose and for the shortest duration, respecting the window of opportunity in the 10 years following menopause or before the age of 60 years. The choice of the MHT type depends on the patient's profile, her medical history and personal preferences, with the aim of improving quality of life from a physical, psychological and sexual point of view...
October 26, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691863/how-can-those-engaging-in-chemsex-best-be-supported-an-online-survey-to-gain-intelligence-in-greater-manchester
#8
Andrew Tomkins, Roberto Vivancos, Chris Ward, Merav Kliner
Reports of sexualised drug taking (chemsex) have increased significantly in recent years. There is currently limited intelligence on chemsex outside of London. An anonymous survey was promoted via several sources including voluntary services and a sexual health clinic in order to establish the risks associated with chemsex, and how support services can best be tailored to meet the needs of those in Greater Manchester, UK. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected on demographics, drug use, sexual practices and barriers and facilitators to accessing support...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691575/performance-power-and-condom-use-reconceptualised-masculinities-amongst-western-male-sex-tourists-to-thailand
#9
Simon Bishop, Mark Limmer
Each year large numbers of Western men travel to Thailand for sex tourism. Although many will use condoms during their sexual encounters, others will not, potentially exposing themselves to the risk of acquiring sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. Although sex tourism in Thailand has been well documented, the social drivers underpinning voluntary sexual risk-taking through the avoidance of condoms remain poorly understood. Engaging with R.W. Connell's concept of hegemonic masculinity and drawing on data collected from 1237 online discussion board posts and 14 face-to-face interviews, this study considers the ways in which understandings and performances of masculinities may inform the sexual risk-taking behaviours of Western male sex tourists...
July 10, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691439/awareness-and-willingness-to-use-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Siyan Yi, Sovannary Tuot, Grace W Mwai, Chanrith Ngin, Kolab Chhim, Khoundyla Pal, Ewemade Igbinedion, Paula Holland, Sok Chamreun Choub, Gitau Mburu
INTRODUCTION: To facilitate provision of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), a better understanding of potential demand and user preferences is required. This review assessed awareness and willingness to use oral PrEP among men who have sex with men (MSM) in LMIC. METHODS: Electronic literature search of Cochrane library, Embase, PubMed, PsychINFO, CINHAL, Web of Science, and Google Scholar was conducted between July and September 2016...
June 26, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668657/knowledge-and-beliefs-about-hpv-among-college-students-in-vietnam-and-the-united-states
#11
Akiko Kamimura, Ha N Trinh, Shannon Weaver, Alla Chernenko, Lindsey Wright, Mary Stoddard, Maziar M Nourian, Hanh Nguyen
Any sexually active person has the possibility of contracting the human papillomavirus (HPV) sometime in their lifetime. HPV vaccines are effective in preventing HPV if obtained prior to viral exposure. Research on knowledge and beliefs of HPV and HPV vaccination among college students in Vietnam is significantly scarce. The purpose of this study is to examine the knowledge and beliefs about HPV among college students in Vietnam compared to college students in the US. This cross-cultural comparison will fill a void in current research on this subject...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664311/growth-in-adolescent-self-regulation-and-impact-on-sexual-risk-taking-a-curve-of-factors-analysis
#12
AliceAnn Crandall, Brianna M Magnusson, M Lelinneth B Novilla
Adolescent self-regulation is increasingly seen as an important predictor of sexual risk-taking behaviors, but little is understood about how changes in self-regulation affect later sexual risk-taking. Family financial stress may affect the development of self-regulation and later engagement in sexual risk-taking. We examined whether family financial stress influences self-regulation in early adolescence (age 13) and growth in self-regulation throughout adolescence (from age 13-17 years). We then assessed the effects of family financial stress, baseline self-regulation, and the development of self-regulation on adolescent sexual risk-taking behaviors at age 18 years...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653265/what-s-religion-got-to-do-with-it-exploring-college-students-sexual-and-reproductive-health-knowledge-and-awareness-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-in-relation-to-their-gender-and-religiosity
#13
Nancy Martin, Lori Baralt, Claire Garrido-Ortega
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between religiosity and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) knowledge and awareness of campus SRH services among college students on a racially and ethnically diverse college campus. The sample included 996 undergraduate students at a large public university in California. For women, there was a consistent pattern across religious affiliations of more frequent attenders reporting lower SRH knowledge than less frequent attenders. These findings suggest that higher rates of religious attendance among Catholic, Protestant, and Evangelical women pose a risk for lower SRH knowledge...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652291/talking-about-human-papillomavirus-and-cancer-development-of-consultation-guides-through-lay-and-professional-stakeholder-coproduction-using-qualitative-quantitative-and-secondary-data
#14
Maggie Hendry, Diana Pasterfield, Simon Gollins, Richard Adams, Mererid Evans, Alison Fiander, Michael Robling, Christine Campbell, Marie-Jet Bekkers, Julia Hiscock, Sadia Nafees, Janice Rose, Margaret Stanley, Olwen Williams, Matthew Makin, Clare Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: High-risk human papillomaviruses (HPVs) cause all cervical cancer and the majority of vulvar, vaginal, anal, penile and oropharyngeal cancers. Although HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection, public awareness of this is poor. In addition, many clinicians lack adequate knowledge or confidence to discuss sexual transmission and related sensitive issues. Complex science needs to be communicated in a clear, digestible, honest and salient way. Therefore, the aim of this study was to coproduce with patients who have cancer appropriate resources to guide these highly sensitive and difficult consultations...
June 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648991/longitudinal-pathways-from-unconventional-personal-attributes-in-the-late-20s-to-cannabis-use-prior-to-sexual-intercourse-in-the-late-30s
#15
Jung Yeon Lee, Judith S Brook, Kerstin Pahl, David W Brook
A quarter of people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the United States are women. Furthermore, African American and Hispanic/Latina women continue to be disproportionately affected by HIV, compared with women of other races/ethnicities. Cannabis use prior to intercourse may be associated with increased risky sexual behaviors which are highly related to HIV. The ultimate goal of this research is to better understand the relationships between unconventional personal attributes (e.g...
May 24, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647975/-one-night-stand-behavior-and-associated-factors-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-wuhan-china
#16
Y X Mao, C C Xiao, T Wang, S Y Li, H Yan
Objective: This present study was to examine the prevalence and determinants of one-night-stand behavior among young men who have sex with men (YMSM). Methods: A total of 403 YMSM aged 16 to 25 were recruited through internet promotion, extending activity and HIV VCT in Wuhan. Data was gathered through anonymous questionnaire. Binary logistic regression was used to examine factors associated with one-night-stand behavior. Results: Of the 398 YMSM, 48.99% (195/398) reported having had casual sex in the last 6 months...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644337/committee-opinion-no-705-mental-health-disorders-in-adolescents
#17
(no author information available yet)
Mental health disorders in adolescence are a significant problem, relatively common, and amenable to treatment or intervention. Obstetrician-gynecologists who see adolescent patients are highly likely to see adolescents and young women who have one or more mental health disorders. Some of these disorders may interfere with a patient's ability to understand or articulate her health concerns and appropriately adhere to recommended treatment. Some disorders or their treatments will affect the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, causing anovulatory cycles and various menstrual disturbances...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644330/committee-opinion-no-705-summary-mental-health-disorders-in-adolescents
#18
(no author information available yet)
Mental health disorders in adolescence are a significant problem, relatively common, and amenable to treatment or intervention. Obstetrician-gynecologists who see adolescent patients are highly likely to see adolescents and young women who have one or more mental health disorders. Some of these disorders may interfere with a patient's ability to understand or articulate her health concerns and appropriately adhere to recommended treatment. Some disorders or their treatments will affect the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, causing anovulatory cycles and various menstrual disturbances...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643268/sexual-health-in-a-social-and-cultural-context-a-qualitative-study-of-young-latina-lesbian-bisexual-and-queer-women
#19
Christie A Santos, Emily C Williams, Julius Rodriguez, India J Ornelas
Previous research on sexual minority and Latina women suggests that Latina lesbian, bisexual, and queer (LBQ) women may be at high risk for sexually associated and transmitted infections, but research on the sexual health and practices of this population is limited. This qualitative study explored the knowledge, attitudes, and values related to sexual health among a purposive sample of Latina LBQ women living in Seattle, WA. Latina LBQ women (N = 14) were recruited to participate in in-depth interviews about their sexual health through community organizations, flyers posted on college campuses, email and social media advertisements, and participant referrals...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639423/emergency-contraceptive-pill-users-risk-perceptions-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-future-unintended-pregnancy
#20
Mary T Hickey, Michele G Shedlin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The availability of emergency contraception pills (ECP) over the counter (OTC) has the potential to reduce the incidence of unintended pregnancy; however, the increased risk for sexually transmitted infection (STI) acquisition, related to unprotected intercourse, has not been adequately addressed. The purpose of this study is to gain insight into risk perceptions for STIs and subsequent unintended pregnancy in women who have purchased ECP OTC. METHODS: Twenty-one women, aged 18-24, attending a private university in an urban setting, who purchased and used ECP OTC participated in 1-h, individual interviews...
June 22, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
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