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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321096/chemsex-as-edgework-towards-a-sociological-understanding
#1
Ford Hickson
Sexual sessions between men, organised through mobile technologies and combined with stimulants intended to extend and intensify the session have been reified into the phenomena of 'chemsex'. Understanding chemsex requires multiple levels of analysis and interpretation. This paper considers chemsex through the lens of edgework, a sociological category for voluntary risk taking identified in 1990 by Stephen Lyng. Edgework activities involve a clear and present danger to the self, intense emotions and sensations and an opportunity to exercise specialist skills...
January 11, 2018: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314426/the-role-of-the-dorsal-anterior-insula-in-sexual-risk-evidence-from-an-erotic-go-nogo-task-and-real-world-risk-taking
#2
Feng Xue, Vita Droutman, Emily E Barkley-Levenson, Benjamin J Smith, Gui Xue, Lynn C Miller, Antoine Bechara, Zhong-Lin Lu, Stephen J Read
The insula plays an important role in response inhibition. Most relevant here, it has been proposed that the dorsal anterior insular cortex (dAIC) plays a central role in a salience network that is responsible for switching between the default mode network and the executive control network. However, the insula's role in sexually motivated response inhibition has not yet been studied. In this study, eighty-five 18- to 30-year-old sexually active men who have sex with men (MSM) performed an erotic Go/NoGo task while in an MRI scanner...
January 3, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304401/experiences-of-sexual-harassment-are-associated-with-the-sexual-behavior-of-14-to-18-year-old-adolescents
#3
Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino, Hanna Savioja, Sari Fröjd, Mauri Marttunen
Subjection to sexual harassment is associated with a number of negative outcomes, such as internalizing and externalizing symptoms and a disinclination to attend school. Among adolescents, sexual harassment may increase with both their emerging sexual desires and increased socializing in mixed-gender peer groups during early adolescence. We set out to study the possible associations between normative and risk-taking sexual behavior and subjection to sexual harassment among adolescents between the ages of 14 and 18 years...
January 2, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300099/sexual-risk-among-african-american-girls-seeking-psychiatric-care-a-social-personal-framework
#4
Geri Donenberg, Erin Emerson, Mary Ellen Mackesy-Amiti, Faith Fletcher
OBJECTIVE: This study examined individual and social factors associated with sexual risk behavior among African American girls seeking outpatient mental health services across 2 years and key developmental transitions. METHOD: African American females 12-16 years old (M = 14.5; SD = 1.15; n = 266) were recruited from eight outpatient mental health clinics and completed interviewer-administered and computer-assisted measures at baseline, 12, and 24 months. Analyses tested individual attributes (externalizing and internalizing problems) and family context (maternal acceptance-rejection, mother-daughter communication about sex) at baseline, peer influences (peer support of substance use, girlfriend dating behavior) and partner relationship characteristics (rejection sensitivity, partner risk communication frequency and openness) at 12 months, and girls' sexual behavior at 24 months...
January 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294842/sexual-coercion-in-the-college-population-a-form-of-risk-taking-behavior
#5
Alisa R Garner, Laura C Spiller, Patrick Williams
The purpose of this study was to examine whether a decision-making model of risk-taking behavior, specifically impulsivity, positive and negative outcome expectation, and sensation seeking, can be extended to motivation for perpetration of sexual coercion. Participants included 276 sexually active college students between the ages of 18 and 25 years old who completed a set of questionnaires: (a) Sexual Experiences Survey, (b) Sensation Seeking Scales, (c) Cognitive Appraisal of Risky Events, (d) Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, and (e) Reckless Behavior Questionnaire...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294735/women-s-mobility-and-the-situational-conditions-of-rape-cases-reported-to-hospitals
#6
Vania Ceccato, Douglas J Wiebe, Bita Eshraghi, Katerina Vrotsou
A third of all rapes in Stockholm, the capital of Sweden, take place in public outdoor places. Yet, little is known about the events that precede this type of sexual offence and less about the situational context of rape. This study aims to improve the understanding of the nature of situational conditions that immediately precede events of rape. Using medical records of 147 rape victims during 2012 and 2013, we constructed time- and place-specific records of the places women traveled through or spent time at, the activities they engaged in, and the people they interacted with sequentially over the course of the day when they were raped...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294696/the-role-of-traumatic-childhood-experiences-in-predicting-a-disposition-to-risk-taking-and-aggression-in-turkish-university-students
#7
Hatice Odacı, Çiğdem Berber Çelik
The purpose of this research was to determine whether or not traumatic childhood experiences in childhood predict a disposition to risk-taking and aggression among university students. The participants consisted of 851 students: 477 (56.1%) females and 374 (43.9%) males attending various faculties at the Karadeniz Technical University in Turkey. The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Adolescent Risk-Taking Scale, Aggression Questionnaire, and Personal Information Form were used for data collection. The analysis results revealed a positive correlation between traumatic experiences (physical, sexual, emotional maltreatment, and emotional neglect) and risk-taking and aggression...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291549/sexual-hiv-risk-behavior-outcomes-of-brief-interventions-for-drug-use-in-an-inner-city-emergency-department-secondary-outcomes-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Erin E Bonar, Maureen A Walton, Kristen L Barry, Amy S B Bohnert, Stephen T Chermack, Rebecca M Cunningham, Lynn S Massey, Rosalinda V Ignacio, Frederic C Blow
BACKGROUND: Drug use is an established risk factor for HIV. Brief Interventions (BIs) targeting reductions in both drug use and HIV risk behaviors may help curtail these related epidemics. The present study evaluates the impact of BIs for drug use and HIV risk reduction on sexual HIV risk behaviors among a primarily marijuana-using sample during a 12-month post-intervention follow-up period. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial of 780 adult patients in an Emergency Department (ED) with past 3-month drug use (primarily non-injecting)...
December 11, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289562/vaginal-and-anal-human-papillomavirus-infection-and-seropositivity-among-female-sex-workers-in-amsterdam-the-netherlands-prevalence-concordance-and-risk-factors
#9
E Marra, N Kroone, E Freriks, C L van Dam, C J Alberts, A A Hogewoning, S Bruisten, A van Dijk, M M Kroone, T Waterboer, M F Schim van der Loeff
BACKGROUND: We studied prevalence, risk factors and concordance of vaginal and anal HPV infection and L1 seropositivity among female sex workers (FSW) in Amsterdam. METHODS: In 2016, FSW aged ≥18 years having a sexually transmitted infections (STI) consultation were invited to participate. Participation entailed taking vaginal and anal self-swabs. Demographics and sexual behaviour data were collected. HPV DNA was analysed using the SPF10-PCR-DEIA-LiPA25-system-v1...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289374/safety-of-flibanserin-in-women-treated-with-antidepressants-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-study
#10
Anita H Clayton, Harry A Croft, James Yuan, Louise Brown, Robert Kissling
BACKGROUND: Depression is often associated with sexual dysfunction, and pharmacologic treatment for hypoactive sexual desire disorder can be considered in women receiving treatment for depression. AIM: To evaluate the safety of flibanserin in women treated for depression with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors. METHODS: In this double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, women with remitted or mild depression treated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors who were not postmenopausal and were experiencing symptoms of hypoactive sexual desire disorder (ie, decreased sexual desire and related distress) received flibanserin 50 mg at bedtime (qhs) for 2 weeks and up-titrated to 100 mg qhs, flibanserin 100 mg qhs for the entire treatment period, or placebo for up to 12 weeks...
January 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284505/factors-related-to-healthy-sexual-and-contraceptive-behaviors-in-undergraduate-students-at-university-of-seville-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Fátima Leon-Larios, Juana Macías-Seda
BACKGROUND: Young people are a group of population with sexual risk-taking behaviors. Despite efforts to inform them it is common for them to adopt risk conducts during their stay at University. The aim of this research was to assess knowledge, attitudes and experiences on sexual health and contraceptives and factors related to risk behaviors in university students. METHODS: A cross- sectional analytical study was carried out from February to April 2014 among undergraduate students at University of Seville...
December 29, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281628/internet-accessed-sexually-transmitted-infection-e-sti-testing-and-results-service-a-randomised-single-blind-controlled-trial
#12
Emma Wilson, Caroline Free, Tim P Morris, Jonathan Syred, Irrfan Ahamed, Anatole S Menon-Johansson, Melissa J Palmer, Sharmani Barnard, Emma Rezel, Paula Baraitser
BACKGROUND: Internet-accessed sexually transmitted infection testing (e-STI testing) is increasingly available as an alternative to testing in clinics. Typically this testing modality enables users to order a test kit from a virtual service (via a website or app), collect their own samples, return test samples to a laboratory, and be notified of their results by short message service (SMS) or telephone. e-STI testing is assumed to increase access to testing in comparison with face-to-face services, but the evidence is unclear...
December 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279253/the-rush-to-risk-when-interrogating-the-relationship-between-methamphetamine-use-and-sexual-practice-among-gay-and-bisexual-men
#13
Joanne Bryant, Max Hopwood, Gary W Dowsett, Peter Aggleton, Martin Holt, Toby Lea, Kerryn Drysdale, Carla Treloar
Much research concerning drug use in the context of sexual activity among gay and bisexual men derives from public health scholarship. In this paper, we critically examine how the relationship between methamphetamine use and sexual risk practice is treated and understood in this body of research. While public health has made important contributions to establishing the link between methamphetamine use and sexual risk-taking, the precise nature of the relationship is not well defined. This creates space for ungrounded assumptions about methamphetamine use to take hold...
December 23, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273454/effects-of-non-contingent-cocaine-on-3-alpha-androstanediol-ii-disruption-of-lordosis-of-proestrous-rats
#14
Amy S Kohtz, Alicia A Walf, Cheryl A Frye
Drug use influences sexual behavior, performance, and can be associated with increased sexual risk-taking. Our prior results using an animal model indicate that progestogens contribute to hormonally-mediated changes in sexual behavior of female rodents during acute cocaine exposure. Androgens, such as testosterone, and its metabolite 3ɑ-androstanediol (3α-diol), and estradiol, are known to influence male sexual behavior, but can also alter the expression of sexual behavior of female rodents. As such, we investigated the influence of endogenous androgen and estradiol fluctuations on cocaine-mediated changes in motor behavior and sexual receptivity of rats during diestrous or proestrous phases of the estrous cycle...
December 19, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258455/motivations-and-barriers-to-uptake-and-use-of-female-initiated-biomedical-hiv-prevention-products-in-sub-saharan-africa-an-adapted-meta-ethnography
#15
Robyn Eakle, Adam Bourne, Caitlin Jarrett, Jonathan Stadler, Heidi Larson
BACKGROUND: Women bear a disproportionate burden of HIV throughout the world prompting extensive research into HIV prevention products for women which has met with varied success. With an aim of informing future policy and programming, this review examines the barriers and motivations to the uptake and use of female initiated products in sub-Saharan countries. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review as an adapted meta-ethnography of qualitative data focused on actual use of products...
December 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258341/sexual-risk-taking-and-the-hiv-care-continuum-in-an-online-sample-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#16
Irene S Yoon, Martin J Downing, Richard Teran, Mary Ann Chiasson, Steven T Houang, Jeffrey T Parsons, Sabina Hirshfield
Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) suppresses HIV replication, reducing the risk of transmission. However, many people living with HIV in the US are not virally suppressed even after diagnosis and initiating ART, and may become disengaged from care at each stage of the HIV care continuum (HCC). In the current study we assessed the sexual risk behaviors of MSM by HCC stage. US MSM who completed an online survey (N = 12,995) in 2015 were categorized into 6 HCC groups. Mean age was 39.2 and a majority identified as White (49...
December 19, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232166/revisiting-knowledge-attitudes-and-practice-kap-on-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccination-among-female-university-students-in-hong-kong
#17
Jonathan Tin Chi Leung, Law Chi-Kin
Despite cervical cancer can be preventable by HPV vaccination, little is known on its associated factors among young females in Hong Kong. This study aimed to investigate the present situation regarding the self-reported knowledge, attitudes and practice (KAP) of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination and to examine their associated factors among female university students in Hong Kong. 195 respondents were recruited to complete a self-administered questionnaire from two local universities through convenience sampling...
December 12, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229440/post-exposure-prophylaxis-with-doxycycline-to-prevent-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-an-open-label-randomised-substudy-of-the-anrs-ipergay-trial
#18
Jean-Michel Molina, Isabelle Charreau, Christian Chidiac, Gilles Pialoux, Eric Cua, Constance Delaugerre, Catherine Capitant, Daniela Rojas-Castro, Julien Fonsart, Béatrice Bercot, Cécile Bébéar, Laurent Cotte, Olivier Robineau, François Raffi, Pierre Charbonneau, Alexandre Aslan, Julie Chas, Laurence Niedbalski, Bruno Spire, Luis Sagaon-Teyssier, Diane Carette, Soizic Le Mestre, Veronique Doré, Laurence Meyer
BACKGROUND: Increased rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) have been reported among men who have sex with men. We aimed to assess whether post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) with doxycycline could reduce the incidence of STIs. METHODS: All participants attending their scheduled visit in the open-label extension of the ANRS IPERGAY trial in France (men aged 18 years or older having condomless sex with men and using pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate plus emtricitabine) were eligible for inclusion in this open-label randomised study...
December 8, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217213/adolescent-sexual-risk-taking-the-distribution-of-youth-behaviors-and-perceived-peer-attitudes-across-neighborhood-contexts
#19
Tara D Warner
PURPOSE: Sexual activity is a normative part of adolescent development, yet early sexual debut and sex with multiple partners undermine health and well-being. Both structural (e.g., poverty) and social (e.g., norms) characteristics of neighborhoods shape sexual risk taking, yet scholarship remains focused on urban areas. Thus, this study explores sexually permissive attitudes and sexual risk taking across a wider expanse of neighborhood types. METHODS: Among 8,337 nonsexually active respondents in Wave I (1994-1995 [ages 11-18]) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), a hierarchical linear model and a hierarchical generalized linear model were used to estimate the effect of neighborhood type and permissive sexual climate on youths' sexual debut, age at debut, and lifetime number of sexual partners by Wave III (2001-2002 [ages 18-26]), controlling for individual, familial, and peer factors...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214654/role-of-the-innate-immune-system-in-the-neuropathological-consequences-induced-by-adolescent-binge-drinking
#20
REVIEW
María Pascual, Jorge Montesinos, Consuelo Guerri
Adolescence is a critical stage of brain maturation in which important plastic and dynamic processes take place in different brain regions, leading to development of the adult brain. Ethanol drinking in adolescence disrupts brain plasticity and causes structural and functional changes in immature brain areas (prefrontal cortex, limbic system) that result in cognitive and behavioral deficits. These changes, along with secretion of sexual and stress-related hormones in adolescence, may impact self-control, decision making, and risk-taking behaviors that contribute to anxiety and initiation of alcohol consumption...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
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