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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796535/delay-discounting-and-probability-discounting-but-not-response-inhibition-are-associated-with-sexual-risk-taking-in-adults
#1
Steven R Lawyer, Colin T Mahoney
Sexual risk behavior (SRB) is associated with impulsivity, but it is not clear whether different aspects of impulsivity are uniquely related to SRBs in adults. Unmarried adults ages 18 to 30 (N = 296; 41.0% male) recruited from the community reported their frequency of SRBs over the past six months using the Sexual Risk Survey (SRS; Turchik & Garske, 2009) and completed three behavioral measures of impulsivity: insensitivity to delayed consequences (delay discounting [DD]), insensitivity to probabilistic consequences (probability discounting [PD]) and response inhibition (stop signal task [SST])...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792280/social-stressors-and-intoxicated-sex-among-an-online-sample-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-drawn-from-seven-countries
#2
Anna N Chard, Nicholas S Metheny, Patrick S Sullivan, Rob Stephenson
BACKGROUND: Rates of drug and alcohol use are higher among men who have sex with men (MSM) than the general adult male population, and are often associated with increased sexual risk-taking. OBJECTIVES: We aim to examine the prevalence of drunk or high sex and their associations with socio-demographic characteristics, gay social network size, and social stress among an online sample of MSM drawn from seven countries. METHODS: Sexually-active MSM aged over 18 residing in Australia, Brazil, Canada, South Africa, Thailand, the United Kingdom, or the United States were recruited through Facebook for a quantitative survey (n = 2,403) in 2012...
August 9, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782336/willingness-to-use-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-for-hiv-prevention-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-in-malaysia-findings-from-a-qualitative-study
#3
Adam Bourne, Matteo Cassolato, Clayton Koh Thuan Wei, Bangyuan Wang, Joselyn Pang, Sin How Lim, Iskandar Azwa, Ilias Yee, Gitau Mburu
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) continue to be disproportionately affected by HIV in Malaysia. Recent success has been observed within demonstration projects examining the efficacy of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), an antiretroviral -based medication taken by HIV-negative men to prevent sero-conversion. In order for such promising findings to be translated in real-world settings, it is important to understand the acceptability of PrEP, including perceived barriers to access or uptake...
August 2, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782330/the-effects-of-educational-curricula-and-training-on-lgbt-specific-health-issues-for-healthcare-students-and-professionals-a-mixed-method-systematic-review
#4
Adekemi Oluwayemisi Sekoni, Nicola K Gale, Bibiane Manga-Atangana, Arjun Bhadhuri, Kate Jolly
INTRODUCTION: Poor access of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people to healthcare providers with clinical and cultural competency contributes to health inequalities between heterosexual/cisgender and LGBT people. This systematic review assesses the effect of educational curricula and training for healthcare students and professionals on LGBT healthcare issues. METHODS: Systematic review; the search terms, strategy and process as well as eligibility criteria were predefined and registered prospectively on PROSPERO...
July 19, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764563/patient-profiles-as-organizing-hiv-clinicians-art-adherence-management-a-qualitative-analysis
#5
Isabelle Toupin, Kim Engler, David Lessard, Leo Wong, Andràs Lènàrt, Francois Raffi, Bruno Spire, Bertrand Lebouché
The effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy (ART) depends on optimal clinical management and patient adherence. Little is known about patient characteristics that clinicians consider in the management of ART adherence. Exploring this issue, five focus groups were conducted with 31 HIV-clinicians from across France. A qualitative typological analysis suggests that clinician management of patient adherence is based on characteristics that coalesce into seven patient profiles. For the "passive" patient, described as taking ART exactly as prescribed without questioning their doctor's expertise, a directive and simple management style was preferred...
August 1, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759572/the-naked-truth-about-hiv-and-risk-taking-in-swedish-prisons-a-qualitative-study
#6
Sigrid J A Lindbom, Markus Larsson, Anette Agardh
BACKGROUND: This qualitative study explores former prison inmates' perceptions and attitudes towards HIV risk inside Swedish prisons. METHOD: In 2014, eight semi-structured interviews were conducted with former male prisoners to gain a deeper understanding of situations perceived to be associated with risk of HIV transmission. The material gathered from the interviews was analyzed by manifest and latent qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: The findings revealed that risky behavioral practices, such as sharing needles, unprotected sexual activity, and lack of openness about HIV status represented potential health threats with regard to the risk of HIV transmission...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758020/factors-associated-with-intention-to-take-non-occupational-hiv-post-exposure-prophylaxis-among-thai-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#7
EDITORIAL
Nitiya Chomchey, Thira Woratanarat, Narin Hiransuthikul, Somrat Lertmaharit, Vitool Lohsoonthorn, Nipat Teeratakulpisarn, Suteeraporn Pinyakorn, James Lk Fletcher, Duanghathai Suttichom, Praphan Phanuphak, Jintanat Ananworanich, Nittaya Phanuphak
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately infected with HIV in Thailand. Factors affecting their intention to take non-occupational HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (nPEP) are not well understood. This study sought to determine factors associated with an intention to take nPEP in this population. METHOD: This is a two-phase mixed-method study. Phase I was a cross-sectional survey of intention to take nPEP in 450 MSM attending for HIV testing, using a self-administered questionnaire...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733826/validation-of-the-hiv-risk-assessment-of-sexual-partnerships-h-rasp-comparison-to-a-2-month-prospective-diary-study
#8
Gregory Swann, Michael E Newcomb, Brian Mustanski
The HIV Risk Assessment of Sexual Partnerships (H-RASP) was developed in order to create a retrospective measure of sexual risk-taking that can account for the differing contexts of sexual partnership(s) within a specified period of time. In order to validate the H-RASP relative to other methods of measuring sexual risk-taking, measurements from the H-RASP were compared to data from a prospective diary study of 95 young men who have sex with men over the same two-month period. We found that the H-RASP was not significantly different at measuring participants' total number of sexual partners and total number of anal sex partners in comparison with the diaries...
July 21, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719226/learned-helplessness-and-sexual-risk-taking-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-african-american-females
#9
Laura Pittiglio
Research involving adolescent and young African American (AA) females has demonstrated that they face uncontrollable obstacles which can interfere with the negotiation of safer sexual behaviors. If these obstacles are perceived as uncontrollable, then these females may be at risk for the development of Learned Helplessness (LH). As the LH model predicts, if these obstacles are believed not to be in their control, it may lead to deficits in motivational or cognitive decision-making, deficits that could certainly influence their sexual risk taking behaviors...
August 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718707/child-sexual-abuse-and-adult-mental-health-sexual-risk-behaviors-and-drinking-patterns-among-latino-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#10
Ethan Czuy Levine, Omar Martinez, Brian Mattera, Elwin Wu, Sonya Arreola, Scott Edward Rutledge, Bernie Newman, Larry Icard, Miguel Muñoz-Laboy, Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, Seth Welles, Scott D Rhodes, Brian M Dodge, Sarah Alfonso, M Isabel Fernandez, Alex Carballo-Diéguez
One in five Latino men who have sex with men has experienced child sexual abuse. Although concerning in itself, child sexual abuse may increase an individuals' likelihood of depression and risk-taking in adult life, including engagement in HIV risk behaviors and alcohol and substance use. It is therefore urgent that researchers and practitioners better understand the long-term effects of child sexual abuse. We utilized logistic and linear regression to assess associations between child sexual abuse (operationalized as forced or coerced sexual activity before age 17) and depression, sexual behaviors, and drinking patterns in a sample of 176 adult Latino men who have sex with men from New York City...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710214/trends-and-factors-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-or-hepatitis-c-virus-testing-and-infection-among-injection-drug-users-newly-entering-methadone-maintenance-treatment-in-guangdong-province-china-2006-2013-a-consecutive-cross-sectional-study
#11
Yin Liu, Yu Liu, Xia Zou, Wen Chen, Li Ling
OBJECTIVES: To assess trends and related factors in HIV and/or hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody testing and infection among injection drug users (IDUs) newly entering methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in Guangdong Province, China. METHOD: Consecutive cross sectional surveys were conducted in 14 MMT clinics from July 2006 to December 2013 in Guangdong Province, China. IDUs were excluded if they were re-enrolled or referred from other MMT clinics. Trend tests were used to examine HIV and/or HCV testing and infection, sociodemographic characteristics, drug use related behaviours and the past 3 month sexual behaviours on enrolment...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700394/medication-adherence-condom-use-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-australian-preexposure-prophylaxis-users
#12
Luxi Lal, Jennifer Audsley, Dean A Murphy, Christopher K Fairley, Mark Stoove, Norm Roth, Richard Moore, Ban K Tee, Nalagafiar Puratmaja, Peter L Anderson, David Leslie, Robert M Grant, John De Wit, Edwina Wright
OBJECTIVE: HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) decreases risk of HIV acquisition; however, its efficacy is closely dependent on adherence. There is also concern that the preventive effect of PrEP may be offset by risk compensation, notably an increase in condomless anal sex. DESIGN: Multisite, open-label demonstration study that recruited people at current or recent risk of HIV infection in Melbourne, Australia. METHODS: Participants were recruited from three general practice clinics and one sexual health clinic in Melbourne and consented to take daily tenofovir/emtricitabine (TFV/FTC) for 30 months...
July 31, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697624/evaluating-a-novel-intervention-to-reduce-trauma-symptoms-and-sexual-risk-taking-qualitative-exit-interviews-with-sexual-minority-men-with-childhood-sexual-abuse
#13
S Wade Taylor, Brett M Goshe, Samantha M Marquez, Steven A Safren, Conall O'Cleirigh
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) continues to affect sexual minority men (SMM) at disproportionate levels and contributes to multiple negative health outcomes, including sexual-risk taking and HIV acquisition. This paper presents qualitative evaluative feedback from SMM (N = 9) who participated in a 10-session Cognitive Behavioral Therapy-Trauma and Sexual Health (CBT-TSH) intervention to reduce CSA-related posttraumatic stress reaction and distress. The treatment was designed to increase accurate sexual risk appraisals and to improve self-care health behaviors related to HIV/STI acquisition...
July 12, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693461/social-network-correlates-of-hiv-risk-related-behaviors-among-male-migrants-in-china
#14
Wenqing Wang, Kathryn E Muessig
BACKGROUND: Significant domestic and global research has focused on HIV risk among China's large internal migrant population. Much of this work takes an individual behavior approach while ignoring the critical role social networks play in shaping HIV risk. METHODS: Based on past studies among migrant men in China of yingchou activities (activities that build and reinforce social networks such as eating, drinking alcohol and patronizing commercial sex), we constructed ego-centric networks for a sample of 385 male migrants recruited from multiple worksites in Beijing...
May 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692231/-the-menopausal-hormone-therapy-in-2016
#15
Evangelia Pavlidou, Paul Pirtea, Isabelle Streuli
The menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) is the first line treatment for climacteric symptoms related to estrogen deficiency. A personalized evaluation of the benefit-risk ratio should precede a MHT prescription, and take into consideration cardiovascular, thromboembolic, oncological and osteoporosis risks. MHT should be prescribed at the lowest effective dose and for the shortest duration, respecting the window of opportunity in the 10 years following menopause or before the age of 60 years. The choice of the MHT type depends on the patient's profile, her medical history and personal preferences, with the aim of improving quality of life from a physical, psychological and sexual point of view...
October 26, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691863/how-can-those-engaging-in-chemsex-best-be-supported-an-online-survey-to-gain-intelligence-in-greater-manchester
#16
Andrew Tomkins, Roberto Vivancos, Chris Ward, Merav Kliner
Reports of sexualised drug taking (chemsex) have increased significantly in recent years. There is currently limited intelligence on chemsex outside of London. An anonymous survey was promoted via several sources including voluntary services and a sexual health clinic in order to establish the risks associated with chemsex, and how support services can best be tailored to meet the needs of those in Greater Manchester, UK. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected on demographics, drug use, sexual practices and barriers and facilitators to accessing support...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691575/performance-power-and-condom-use-reconceptualised-masculinities-amongst-western-male-sex-tourists-to-thailand
#17
Simon Bishop, Mark Limmer
Each year large numbers of Western men travel to Thailand for sex tourism. Although many will use condoms during their sexual encounters, others will not, potentially exposing themselves to the risk of acquiring sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. Although sex tourism in Thailand has been well documented, the social drivers underpinning voluntary sexual risk-taking through the avoidance of condoms remain poorly understood. Engaging with R.W. Connell's concept of hegemonic masculinity and drawing on data collected from 1237 online discussion board posts and 14 face-to-face interviews, this study considers the ways in which understandings and performances of masculinities may inform the sexual risk-taking behaviours of Western male sex tourists...
July 10, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691439/awareness-and-willingness-to-use-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Siyan Yi, Sovannary Tuot, Grace W Mwai, Chanrith Ngin, Kolab Chhim, Khoundyla Pal, Ewemade Igbinedion, Paula Holland, Sok Chamreun Choub, Gitau Mburu
INTRODUCTION: To facilitate provision of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), a better understanding of potential demand and user preferences is required. This review assessed awareness and willingness to use oral PrEP among men who have sex with men (MSM) in LMIC. METHODS: Electronic literature search of Cochrane library, Embase, PubMed, PsychINFO, CINHAL, Web of Science, and Google Scholar was conducted between July and September 2016...
June 26, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668657/knowledge-and-beliefs-about-hpv-among-college-students-in-vietnam-and-the-united-states
#19
Akiko Kamimura, Ha N Trinh, Shannon Weaver, Alla Chernenko, Lindsey Wright, Mary Stoddard, Maziar M Nourian, Hanh Nguyen
Any sexually active person has the possibility of contracting the human papillomavirus (HPV) sometime in their lifetime. HPV vaccines are effective in preventing HPV if obtained prior to viral exposure. Research on knowledge and beliefs of HPV and HPV vaccination among college students in Vietnam is significantly scarce. The purpose of this study is to examine the knowledge and beliefs about HPV among college students in Vietnam compared to college students in the US. This cross-cultural comparison will fill a void in current research on this subject...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664311/growth-in-adolescent-self-regulation-and-impact-on-sexual-risk-taking-a-curve-of-factors-analysis
#20
AliceAnn Crandall, Brianna M Magnusson, M Lelinneth B Novilla
Adolescent self-regulation is increasingly seen as an important predictor of sexual risk-taking behaviors, but little is understood about how changes in self-regulation affect later sexual risk-taking. Family financial stress may affect the development of self-regulation and later engagement in sexual risk-taking. We examined whether family financial stress influences self-regulation in early adolescence (age 13) and growth in self-regulation throughout adolescence (from age 13-17 years). We then assessed the effects of family financial stress, baseline self-regulation, and the development of self-regulation on adolescent sexual risk-taking behaviors at age 18 years...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
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