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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915111/the-effect-of-group-counseling-based-on-self-awareness-skill-on-sexual-risk-taking-among-girl-students-in-gorgan-iran-a-randomized-trial
#1
Golnoosh Kabiri, Tayebe Ziaei, Masumeh Rezaei Aval, Mohammad Ali Vakili
Background Sexual puberty in adolescents occurs before their mental and emotional maturity and exposes them to high-risk sexual behaviors. Because sexual risk-taking occurs before adolescents become involved in a sexual relationship, this study was conducted to identify the effect of group counseling based on self-awareness skill on sexual risk-taking among female high school students in Gorgan in order to suggest some preventative measures. Methods The present parallel study is a randomized field trial conducted on 96 girl students who were studying in grades 10, 11 and 12 of high school with an age range of 14-18 years old...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903126/substance-use-and-hiv-risk-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-africa-a-systematic-review
#2
Theodorus G M Sandfort, Justin R Knox, Carolina Alcala, Nabila El-Bassel, Irene Kuo, Laramie R Smith
BACKGROUND: Substance use and its relation to HIV risk among men who have sex in Africa, a population at high risk for HIV, has received little attention. METHODS: This systematic review summarizes and discusses findings from 68 empirical studies, published between 1980 and 2016 that included data about substance use in men who have sex with men (MSM) in Africa. RESULTS: Substance use has rarely been the primary focus of studies in African MSM...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902690/effectiveness-of-population-based-risk-reduction-programs-for-risky-sexual-behavior-among-young-people-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-protocol
#3
Yeetey Akpe Kwesi Enuameh, George Adjei, Emmanuel Mahama, Thomas Gyan, Emmanuel Koku
The objective of this review is to synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness of population based (public health) risk reduction interventions (programs and services) on sexual risk taking among young people (aged 10 to 24 years old) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).The specific review questions are.
September 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888127/environmental-injustice-and-sexual-minority-health-disparities-a%C3%A2-national-study-of-inequitable-health-risks-from-air-pollution-among-same-sex-partners
#4
Timothy W Collins, Sara E Grineski, Danielle X Morales
Air pollution is deleterious to human health, and numerous studies have documented racial and socioeconomic inequities in air pollution exposures. Despite the marginalized status of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) populations, no national studies have examined if they experience inequitable exposures to air pollution. This cross-sectional study investigated inequities in the exposure of same-sex partner households to hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) in the US. We examined cancer and respiratory risks from HAPs across 71,207 census tracts using National Air Toxics Assessment and US Census data...
September 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885043/negotiating-the-edge-the-rationalization-of-sexual-risk-taking-among-western-male-sex-tourists-to-thailand
#5
Simon Bishop, Mark Limmer
Every year thousands of Western men travel to Thailand as sex tourists to participate in paid-for sex. Although many of these men will use condoms to protect themselves against sexually transmitted infections (STIs), others will not, despite the risks. By applying Steven Lyng's (1990) concept of edgework to data collected from 14 face-to-face interviews with male sex tourists in Pattaya, Thailand, and 1,237 online discussion board posts, this article explores the ways in which these men understood and sought to rationalize the sexual risks they took...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880705/healthcare-access-and-cancer-screening-among-victims-of-intimate-partner-violence
#6
Greta M Massetti, Julie S Townsend, Cheryll C Thomas, Kathleen C Basile, Lisa C Richardson
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) victims often experience substantial and persistent mental and physical health problems, including increased risk for chronic disease and barriers to healthcare access. This study investigated the association between IPV and cancer screening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from the eight states and one U.S. territory that administered the optional IPV module in 2006 were analyzed to examine demographic characteristics, health behaviors, health status, healthcare coverage, use of health services, and cancer screening among men and women who reported IPV victimization compared with those among men and women who did not...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876312/screening-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-adolescent-girls-and-young-women-in-mombasa-kenya-feasibility-prevalence-and-correlates
#7
Linnet N Masese, George Wanje, Emmanuel Kabare, Valentine Budambula, Francis Mutuku, Grace Omoni, Anisa Baghazal, Barbra A Richardson, R Scott McClelland
INTRODUCTION: As adolescents and young women become sexually active, they are at risk of adverse reproductive health outcomes including sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We assessed feasibility and acceptability of STI screening among 15- to 24-year-old women in Mombasa, Kenya. METHODS: After sensitization activities, participants were recruited from 3 high schools and 1 university. Study staff conducted informational sessions. Students interested in participating were given consent forms to take home, and invited to visit our clinic for STI screening...
June 28, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873452/betting-on-the-fastest-horse-using-computer-simulation-to-design-a-combination-hiv-intervention-for-future-projects-in-maharashtra-india
#8
Kelly V Ruggles, Anik R Patel, Stephen Schensul, Jean Schensul, Kimberly Nucifora, Qinlian Zhou, Kendall Bryant, R Scott Braithwaite
OBJECTIVE: To inform the design of a combination intervention strategy targeting HIV-infected unhealthy alcohol users in Maharashtra, India, that could be tested in future randomized control trials. METHODS: Using probabilistic compartmental simulation modeling we compared intervention strategies targeting HIV-infected unhealthy alcohol users on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Maharashtra, India. We tested interventions targeting four behaviors (unhealthy alcohol consumption, risky sexual behavior, depression and antiretroviral adherence), in three formats (individual, group based, community) and two durations (shorter versus longer)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862483/prep-chicago-a-randomized-controlled-peer-change-agent-intervention-to-promote-the-adoption-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-prevention-among-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#9
Lindsay E Young, Phil Schumm, Leigh Alon, Alida Bouris, Matthew Ferreira, Brandon Hill, Aditya S Khanna, Thomas W Valente, John A Schneider
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Advances in biomedical prevention strategies such as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) represent a new opportunity for reducing HIV incidence among young Black men who have sex with men, for whom the number of new HIV infections continues to rise. However, studies have documented low rates of PrEP uptake in this community. Research suggests that the peer networks of young Black men who have sex with men play important roles in their sexual health decisions. PrEP Chicago is a randomized controlled trial network intervention designed to increase PrEP uptake among young Black men who have sex with men living in Chicago...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859484/factors-associated-with-intention-to-be-tested-for-hiv-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-a-country-with-a-very-low-hiv-prevalence
#10
Hye Jin Yang, Ji Hwan Bang, Jungmee Kim, Young Hwa Lee, YooJin Park, In Sil Huh, Sun Mi Shin, Cho Ryok Kang, Min Hui Seong, Gyu Dae Kim, Hea Sook Hong, Sung-Ii Cho, Myoung-Don Oh, Eung Soo Hwang, Jong-Koo Lee
This study examined factors associated with the intention to take an HIV test among men who have sex with men (MSM) in South Korea. An internet website-based survey was conducted among users of the only and largest online MSM website between 20 July 2016, and 20 August 2016. A total of 2915 participants completed the survey and answered questions related to sociodemographic information, health behaviors, sexual behaviors, and HIV testing history. Of these, 2587 (88.7%) participants responded as having an intention to take an HIV test...
August 31, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857724/a-case-study-approach-to-reducing-the-risks-of-child-sexual-exploitation-cse
#11
Lauren J Berry, Ruth J Tully, Vincent Egan
The risk of child sexual exploitation is a growing concern, both within community and child care settings. Within community services working with vulnerable young people, the risks of exploitation are pervasive and present a constant management problem for professionals. This makes the need for focused educational interventions within such settings all the more vital. This case study aims to describe the assessment, formulation, intervention, and outcomes of a young female considered to be at risk of sexual exploitation...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843425/does-being-drunk-or-high-cause-hiv-sexual-risk-behavior-a-systematic-review-of-drug-administration-studies
#12
REVIEW
Meredith S Berry, Matthew W Johnson
HIV sexual risk behavior is broadly associated with substance use. Yet critical questions remain regarding the potential causal link between substance use (e.g., intoxication) and HIV sexual risk behavior. The present systematic review was designed to examine and synthesize the existing literature regarding the effects of substance administration on HIV sexual risk behavior. Randomized controlled experiments investigating substance administration and HIV sexual risk behavior (e.g., likelihood of condom use in a casual sex scenario) were included...
August 23, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819616/maternal-risk-factors-associated-with-the-development-of-cleft-lip-and-cleft-palate-in-mexico-a-case-control-study
#13
Emmanuel Angulo-Castro, Luis F Acosta-Alfaro, Alma M Guadron-Llanos, Adrian Canizalez-Román, Fernando Gonzalez-Ibarra, Ignacio Osuna-Ramírez, Joel Murillo-Llanes
INTRODUCTION: Cleft lip and palate, the most common developmental deformity, is seen worldwide and the etiology involves a combination of genetic and environmental factors. The purpose of this study was to determine the maternal risk factors associated with the development of cleft lip and cleft palate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a case control study at the Women's Hospital in Culiacan, Mexico. Medical records were analyzed, including patients who delivered babies with and without cleft lip and cleft palate from January 2010 to December 2015...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796535/delay-discounting-and-probability-discounting-but-not-response-inhibition-are-associated-with-sexual-risk-taking-in-adults
#14
Steven R Lawyer, Colin T Mahoney
Sexual risk behavior (SRB) is associated with impulsivity, but it is not clear whether different aspects of impulsivity are uniquely related to SRBs in adults. Unmarried adults ages 18 to 30 (N = 296; 41.0% male) recruited from the community reported their frequency of SRBs over the past six months using the Sexual Risk Survey (SRS; Turchik & Garske, 2009) and completed three behavioral measures of impulsivity: insensitivity to delayed consequences (delay discounting [DD]), insensitivity to probabilistic consequences (probability discounting [PD]) and response inhibition (stop signal task [SST])...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792280/social-stressors-and-intoxicated-sex-among-an-online-sample-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-drawn-from-seven-countries
#15
Anna N Chard, Nicholas S Metheny, Patrick S Sullivan, Rob Stephenson
BACKGROUND: Rates of drug and alcohol use are higher among men who have sex with men (MSM) than the general adult male population, and are often associated with increased sexual risk-taking. OBJECTIVES: We aim to examine the prevalence of drunk or high sex and their associations with socio-demographic characteristics, gay social network size, and social stress among an online sample of MSM drawn from seven countries. METHODS: Sexually-active MSM aged over 18 residing in Australia, Brazil, Canada, South Africa, Thailand, the United Kingdom, or the United States were recruited through Facebook for a quantitative survey (n = 2,403) in 2012...
August 9, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782336/willingness-to-use-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-for-hiv-prevention-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-in-malaysia-findings-from-a-qualitative-study
#16
Adam Bourne, Matteo Cassolato, Clayton Koh Thuan Wei, Bangyuan Wang, Joselyn Pang, Sin How Lim, Iskandar Azwa, Ilias Yee, Gitau Mburu
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) continue to be disproportionately affected by HIV in Malaysia. Recent success has been observed within demonstration projects examining the efficacy of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), an antiretroviral -based medication taken by HIV-negative men to prevent sero-conversion. In order for such promising findings to be translated in real-world settings, it is important to understand the acceptability of PrEP, including perceived barriers to access or uptake...
August 2, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782330/the-effects-of-educational-curricula-and-training-on-lgbt-specific-health-issues-for-healthcare-students-and-professionals-a-mixed-method-systematic-review
#17
Adekemi Oluwayemisi Sekoni, Nicola K Gale, Bibiane Manga-Atangana, Arjun Bhadhuri, Kate Jolly
INTRODUCTION: Poor access of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people to healthcare providers with clinical and cultural competency contributes to health inequalities between heterosexual/cisgender and LGBT people. This systematic review assesses the effect of educational curricula and training for healthcare students and professionals on LGBT healthcare issues. METHODS: Systematic review; the search terms, strategy and process as well as eligibility criteria were predefined and registered prospectively on PROSPERO...
July 19, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764563/patient-profiles-as-organizing-hiv-clinicians-art-adherence-management-a-qualitative-analysis
#18
Isabelle Toupin, Kim Engler, David Lessard, Leo Wong, Andràs Lènàrt, Francois Raffi, Bruno Spire, Bertrand Lebouché
The effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy (ART) depends on optimal clinical management and patient adherence. Little is known about patient characteristics that clinicians consider in the management of ART adherence. Exploring this issue, five focus groups were conducted with 31 HIV-clinicians from across France. A qualitative typological analysis suggests that clinician management of patient adherence is based on characteristics that coalesce into seven patient profiles. For the "passive" patient, described as taking ART exactly as prescribed without questioning their doctor's expertise, a directive and simple management style was preferred...
August 1, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759572/the-naked-truth-about-hiv-and-risk-taking-in-swedish-prisons-a-qualitative-study
#19
Sigrid J A Lindbom, Markus Larsson, Anette Agardh
BACKGROUND: This qualitative study explores former prison inmates' perceptions and attitudes towards HIV risk inside Swedish prisons. METHOD: In 2014, eight semi-structured interviews were conducted with former male prisoners to gain a deeper understanding of situations perceived to be associated with risk of HIV transmission. The material gathered from the interviews was analyzed by manifest and latent qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: The findings revealed that risky behavioral practices, such as sharing needles, unprotected sexual activity, and lack of openness about HIV status represented potential health threats with regard to the risk of HIV transmission...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758020/factors-associated-with-intention-to-take-non-occupational-hiv-post-exposure-prophylaxis-among-thai-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#20
EDITORIAL
Nitiya Chomchey, Thira Woratanarat, Narin Hiransuthikul, Somrat Lertmaharit, Vitool Lohsoonthorn, Nipat Teeratakulpisarn, Suteeraporn Pinyakorn, James Lk Fletcher, Duanghathai Suttichom, Praphan Phanuphak, Jintanat Ananworanich, Nittaya Phanuphak
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately infected with HIV in Thailand. Factors affecting their intention to take non-occupational HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (nPEP) are not well understood. This study sought to determine factors associated with an intention to take nPEP in this population. METHOD: This is a two-phase mixed-method study. Phase I was a cross-sectional survey of intention to take nPEP in 450 MSM attending for HIV testing, using a self-administered questionnaire...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Virus Eradication
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