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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754267/mood-meth-condom-use-and-gender-latent-growth-curve-modeling-results-from-a-randomized-trial
#1
Eileen V Pitpitan, Shirley J Semple, Jim Zians, Steffanie A Strathdee, Thomas L Patterson
Methamphetamine use poses increased risk for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. There is robust evidence that methamphetamine use increases sexual risk behavior, like condomless sex, primarily among men who have sex with men but also among heterosexual women and men. Gender differences have been found among women and men who use meth, and there is a high degree of interconnectedness between meth use, depression, and condomless sex. The aims of the current study are to evaluate the efficacy of a theory-based, tri-focal intervention designed to reduce depression, meth use, and condomless sex among women and men, and to examine gender as a moderator of efficacy...
May 12, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753605/assessing-university-students-sexual-risk-behaviors-as-predictors-of-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccine-uptake-behavior
#2
Rebecca L Rohde, Eric Adjei Boakye, Kara M Christopher, Christian J Geneus, Ronald J Walker, Mark A Varvares, Nosayaba Osazuwa-Peters
OBJECTIVES: There exists a significant gap in vaccine coverage of the human papillomavirus (HPV) among college-aged students. This study assessed sexual risk-taking behavior among university students and analyzed predictors of HPV vaccine initiation and completion in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data (n = 746) were from an anonymous online, cross-sectional survey distributed to university students, between the ages of 19-26 years, at a private Midwestern university...
May 9, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752574/a-moderated-mediation-model-of-parent-child-communication-risk-taking-alcohol-consumption-and-sexual-experience-in-early-adulthood
#3
Cassandra Alexopoulos, Jaeho Cho
The relationship between risk-taking personality and health-risk behaviors has been widely established, where people who like to take risks are more likely to engage in risky sexual behaviors such as having multiple casual partners and having unprotected sex. Drawing on a national U.S. sample from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, the present study examined the relationship between risk-taking personality and sexual experience among adults in early adulthood, and the role of family (parent-child) communication in moderating this relationship...
May 11, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749666/adverse-adult-consequences-of-different-alcohol-use-patterns-in-adolescence-an-integrative-analysis-of-data-to-age-30-years-from-four-australasian-cohorts
#4
Edmund Silins, L John Horwood, Jake M Najman, George C Patton, John W Toumbourou, Craig A Olsson, Delyse M Hutchinson, Louisa Degenhardt, David Fergusson, Denise Becker, Joseph M Boden, Rohan Borschmann, Maria Plotnikova, George J Youssef, Robert J Tait, Philip Clare, Wayne D Hall, Richard P Mattick
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Studies have linked adolescent alcohol use with adverse consequences in adulthood; yet it is unclear how strong the associations are and to what extent they may be due to confounding. Our aim was to estimate the strength of association between different patterns of adolescent drinking and longer-term psychosocial harms taking into account individual, family, and peer factors. DESIGN: Participant-level data were integrated from four long running longitudinal studies: Australian Temperament Project; Christchurch Health and Development Study; Mater Hospital and University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy; Victorian Adolescent Health Cohort Study...
May 10, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748787/rethinking-risk-culture-and-intervention-in-collective-sex-environments
#5
Katherine Frank
This article provides a narrative overview of research on HIV/STI risk and collective sexual behavior based on an inclusive analysis of research on environments where people gather for sexual activity-sex clubs, swingers' clubs, bathhouses, parks, private sex parties, etc. The aim is to analyze how collective sex has been approached across disciplines to promote conversation across paradigms and suggest new lines of inquiry. Attention to context-such as the location of sex-was a necessary redress to universalizing models of sexual risk-taking behavior, leading to insights rooted in the particularities of each environment and its users...
May 10, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744120/a-case-of-reactive-arthritis-secondary-to-sexually-acquired-shigella-flexneri
#6
Sarah L Kennedy, Jennifer Murira, Claire Y Wenham
We present the first documented case of reactive arthritis (ReA) secondary to sexually acquired Shigella flexneri infection. The case occurred in the context of a recent change in Shigella epidemiology in England where non-travel associated cases are now contributing the majority of diagnoses. Such non-travel associated cases are occurring predominantly in men who have sex with men with high sexual risk taking behaviour reflecting the importance of the sexual history when assessing a man with Shigella infection who has not travelled...
November 2017: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739483/risk-factors-for-sporadic-giardia-infection-in-the-usa-a-case-control-study-in-colorado-and-minnesota
#7
H E Reses, J W Gargano, J L Liang, A Cronquist, K Smith, S A Collier, S L Roy, J Vanden Eng, A Bogard, B Lee, M C Hlavsa, E S Rosenberg, K E Fullerton, M J Beach, J S Yoder
Giardia duodenalis is the most common intestinal parasite of humans in the USA, but the risk factors for sporadic (non-outbreak) giardiasis are not well described. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Colorado and Minnesota public health departments conducted a case-control study to assess risk factors for sporadic giardiasis in the USA. Cases (N = 199) were patients with non-outbreak-associated laboratory-confirmed Giardia infection in Colorado and Minnesota, and controls (N = 381) were matched by age and site...
May 9, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739289/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-hiv-sexual-risk-taking-behaviors-among-young-adults-in-malawi
#8
Kristin VanderEnde, Laura Chiang, James Mercy, Mary Shawa, Justin Hamela, Nankali Maksud, Sundeep Gupta, Nellie Wadonda-Kabondo, Janet Saul, Jessie Gleckel, Howard Kress, Susan Hillis
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) exhibit a dose-response association with poor health outcomes in adulthood, including HIV. In this analysis, we explored the relationship between ACEs and HIV sexual risk-taking behaviors among young adults in Malawi. We analyzed responses from sexually active 19- to 24-year-old males and females ( n = 610) participating in the Malawi Violence Against Children Survey. We tested the association between respondents' exposure to six ACEs (having experienced emotional, physical, or sexual violence; witnessing intimate partner violence or an attack in the community; one or both parents died) and infrequent condom use in the past year and multiple sexual partners in the past year...
June 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730625/methods-and-quality-of-disease-models-incorporating-more-than-two-sexually-transmitted-infections-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#9
Fabian Sailer, Greta Rait, Alice Howe, John Saunders, Rachael Hunter
INTRODUCTION: Disease models can be useful tools for policy makers to inform their decisions. They can help to estimate the costs and benefits of interventions without conducting clinical trials and help to extrapolate the findings of clinical trials to a population level.Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) do not operate in isolation. Risk-taking behaviours and biological interactions can increase the likelihood of an individual being coinfected with more than one STI.Currently, few STI models consider coinfection or the interaction between STIs...
May 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706752/estimating-individual-treatment-effect-in-observational-data-using-random-forest-methods
#10
Min Lu, Saad Sadiq, Daniel J Feaster, Hemant Ishwaran
Estimation of individual treatment effect in observational data is complicated due to the challenges of confounding and selection bias. A useful inferential framework to address this is the counterfactual (potential outcomes) model, which takes the hypothetical stance of asking what if an individual had received both treatments. Making use of random forests (RF) within the counterfactual framework we estimate individual treatment effects by directly modeling the response. We find that accurate estimation of individual treatment effects is possible even in complex heterogenous settings but that the type of RF approach plays an important role in accuracy...
2018: Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659656/sexual-risk-taking-and-subcortical-brain-volume-in-adolescence
#11
Sarah W Feldstein Ewing, Karen A Hudson, Justin Caouette, Andrew R Mayer, Rachel E Thayer, Sephira G Ryman, Angela D Bryan
Background : The developmental period of adolescence marks the initiation of new socioemotional and physical behaviors, including sexual intercourse. However, little is known about neurodevelopmental influences on adolescent sexual decision-making. Purpose: We sought to determine how subcortical brain volume correlated with condom use, and whether those associations differed by gender and pubertal development. Methods: We used FreeSurfer to extract subcortical volume among N = 169 sexually experienced youth (mean age 16...
April 6, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655906/substance-use-and-sex-index-susi-first-stage-development-of-an-assessment-tool-to-measure-behaviour-change-in-sexualised-drug-use-for-substance-use-treatment-studies
#12
Nadine Ezard, Beatrice Webb, Brendan Clifford, Michael E Cecilio, Amanda Jellie, Toby Lea, Craig Rodgers, Simon Ruth, Raimondo Bruno
BACKGROUND: Existing tools for measuring blood-borne virus (BBV) and sexually transmitted infection (STI) transmission risk behaviours in substance use interventions have limited capacity to assess risk behaviours across varied social, cultural and epidemiological contexts; have not evolved alongside HIV treatment and prevention innovations; or accounted for sexual contexts of drug use including among a range of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex and queer (LGBTIQ) sub-communities...
April 11, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652872/medical-management-of-transgender-children-and-adolescents
#13
María Fernanda Castilla-Peón
Transgender or gender nonconforming (GN) persons identify themselves with a gender which is different from that correspondent to their birth sex. The demand for health services by families with transgender children or adolescents tends to increase. The prevalence of GN in children is unknown; however, it has been estimated to be > 1% in adolescents. Transgender persons are at increased risk of depression, suicide, illicit drug abuse, human immunodeficiency virus infection, and non-accidental injury. The most accepted model for the care of transgender persons assumes that these adverse outcomes are the consequence of social margination rather than the GI condition itself...
2018: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642938/social-network-correlates-of-risky-sexual-behavior-among-adolescents-in-bahir-dar-and-mecha-districts-north-west-ethiopia-an-institution-based-study
#14
Kerebih Asrese, Alemtsehay Mekonnen
BACKGROUND: Behaviors established during adolescence such as risky sexual behaviors have negative effects on future health and well-being. Extant literature indicated that individual attributes such as peer pressure and substance use have impacts on healthy development of young peoples' sexual behavior. The patterns of relationships (social network structure) and the social network content (members' norm regarding sexual practice) established by adolescents' network on adolescents' risky sexual behaviors are not well investigated...
April 11, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628512/hot-news-sexually-transmitted-infections-on-the-rise-in-prep-users
#15
Pablo Barreiro
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with oral Truvada (tenofovir plus emtricitabine) is effective at preventing HIV infection in high-risk homosexual men. In the United States, PrEP was approved in 2012 and is reimbursed by Medicaid and the majority of private insurers. The situation is diverse and not uniform in the European Union, being PrEP more widely used in France than in the rest of countries. Concerns have been raised that PrEP use may be accompanied by the phenomena of risk compensation or behavioral disinhibition, whereby PrEP users' perception of decreased risk of HIV acquisition may lead them to engage in overall riskier sexual practices and increase their chances of acquiring sexually transmitted infections (STIs) (Blumenthal, et al...
January 2018: AIDS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624954/empowerment-of-adolescent-girls-for-sexual-and-reproductive-health-care-a-qualitative-study
#16
Zainab Alimoradi, Nourossadat Kariman, Masoumeh Simbar, Fazlollah Ahmadi
Adolescent girls should be empowered to acquire the ability to take care of their sexual and reproductive health. The present study aimed to improve the understanding of the factors affecting the empowerment of Iranian adolescent girls in terms of taking care of their sexual and reproductive health (e.g. pubertal and menstrual health, preventing high risk sexual behaviors, treatment seeking for sexual and reproductive complaints such as dysmenorrhea, genitalia infection). The present qualitative study was performed using conventional content analysis method...
December 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623100/youth-health-outcomes-from-the-connect-to-protect-coalitions-to-prevent-adolescent-hiv-infections
#17
Robin Lin Miller, Kyung-Sook Lee, Danielle Chiaramonte, Olga J Santiago-Rivera, Ignacio Acevedo-Polakovich, Cherrie B Boyer, Jonathan M Ellen
We assessed the relationships among HIV-related social and behavioral outcomes resulting from an adolescent-focused HIV structural change initiative in eight urban sites operating Connect to Protect (C2P) coalitions. Over a 4-year period, annual cross-sectional panels of adolescents (N = 2,248) completed an audio-computer-assisted interview, providing data on satisfaction with their communities as adolescent-supportive environments, internalized HIV stigma, lifetime HIV-testing, lifetime sexual risk-taking, and number of sexual partners in the prior year...
2018: Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617776/counseling-received-by-adolescents-undergoing-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-moving-toward-age-equitable-comprehensive-human-immunodeficiency-virus-prevention-measures
#18
Michelle R Kaufman, Eshan U Patel, Kim H Dam, Zoe R Packman, Lynn M Van Lith, Karin Hatzold, Arik V Marcell, Webster Mavhu, Catherine Kahabuka, Lusanda Mahlasela, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Kim Seifert Ahanda, Getrude Ncube, Gissenge Lija, Collen Bonnecwe, Aaron A R Tobian
Background: The minimum package of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) services, as defined by the World Health Organization, includes human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing, HIV prevention counseling, screening/treatment for sexually transmitted infections, condom promotion, and the VMMC procedure. The current study aimed to assess whether adolescents received these key elements. Methods: Quantitative surveys were conducted among male adolescents aged 10-19 years (n = 1293) seeking VMMC in South Africa, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609568/a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-to-assess-the-impact-on-intimate-partner-violence-of-a-10-session-participatory-gender-training-curriculum-delivered-to-women-taking-part-in-a-group-based-microfinance-loan-scheme-in-tanzania-maisha-crt01-study-protocol
#19
Sheila Harvey, Shelley Lees, Gerry Mshana, Daniel Pilger, Christian Hansen, Saidi Kapiga, Charlotte Watts
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, almost one third (30%) of women who have been in a relationship have experienced physical and/or sexual violence from an intimate partner. Given the considerable negative impacts of intimate partner violence (IPV) on women's physical health and well-being, there is an urgent need for rigorous evidence on violence prevention interventions. METHODS: The study, comprising a cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) and in-depth qualitative study, will assess the impact on women's past year experience of physical and/or sexual IPV of a participatory gender training curriculum (MAISHA curriculum) delivered to women participating in group-based microfinance in Tanzania...
April 2, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606100/intimate-relationship-characteristics-as-determinants-of-hiv-risk-among-men-who-have-sex-with-regular-male-sex-partners-a-cross-sectional-study-in-guangzhou-china
#20
Juan He, Hui-Fang Xu, Wei-Bin Cheng, Sheng-Jie Zhang, Jing Gu, Yuan-Tao Hao, Chun Hao
BACKGROUND: China faces a serious HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men (MSM), and a large proportion of new infections are attributed to their regular male sex partners (RP). The objective of this study was to investigate the association between intimate relationship characteristics and HIV-related behaviors among MSM with RP in Guangzhou, China. METHODS: A convenience-sampling method was used in data collection. A total of 608 MSM were screened, of whom 406 HIV negative MSM with at least one RP in the past six months were used for data analysis...
April 2, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
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