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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448483/trends-in-repeat-births-and-use-of-postpartum-contraception-among-teens-united-states-2004-2015
#1
Deborah L Dee, Karen Pazol, Shanna Cox, Ruben A Smith, Katherine Bower, Martha Kapaya, Amy Fasula, Ayanna Harrison, Charlan D Kroelinger, Denise D'Angelo, Leslie Harrison, Emilia H Koumans, Nikki Mayes, Wanda D Barfield, Lee Warner
Teen* childbearing (one or more live births before age 20 years) can have negative health, social, and economic consequences for mothers and their children (1). Repeat teen births (two or more live births before age 20 years) can constrain the mother's ability to take advantage of educational and workforce opportunities (2), and are more likely to be preterm or of low birthweight than first teen births (3). Despite the historic decline in the U.S. teen birth rate during 1991-2015, from 61.8 to 22.3 births per 1,000 females aged 15-19 years (4), many teens continue to have repeat births (3)...
April 28, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445608/sexual-and-gender-minority-adolescents-views-on-hiv-research-participation-and-parental-permission-a-mixed-methods-study
#2
Brian Mustanski, Ryan Coventry, Kathryn Macapagal, Miriam R Arbeit, Celia B Fisher
CONTEXT: Sexual and gender minority adolescents are underrepresented in HIV research, partly because institutional review boards (IRBs) are reluctant to waive parental permission requirements for these studies. Understanding teenagers' perspectives on parental permission and the risks and benefits of participating in HIV research is critical to informing evidence-based IRB decisions. METHODS: Data from 74 sexual and gender minority adolescents aged 14-17 who participated in an online focus group in 2015 were used to examine perspectives on the risks and benefits of participation in a hypothetical HIV surveillance study and the need for parental permission and adequate protections...
April 26, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442805/proton-pump-inhibitors-are-associated-with-a-reduced-likelihood-for-sexually-transmitted-diseases-in-women-in-the-emergency-department
#3
Johnathan Michael Sheele, Nathan Morris, Donald Byars, Frank Counselman
BACKGROUND: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have been shown in cell culture to kill Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) at lower half maximal inhibitory concentration values than metronidazole (Flagyl), the most common medication used to treat the infection. However, there have been no previous clinical investigations to determine if PPIs are associated with reduced risk for TV. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the records of female patients who received testing in the emergency department for TV, Neisseria gonorrhoea (GC), and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) between 2010 and 2014 at two academic medical centers to determine if PPI and histamine type 2 receptor antagonist (H2RA) drugs were associated with TV and GC/CT infections...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426117/identifying-the-gaps-in-nepalese-migrant-workers-health-and-well-being-a-review-of-the-literature
#4
Padam P Simkhada, Pramod R Regmi, Edwin van Teijlingen, Nirmal Aryal
Background: The health and well-being of migrant workers from low-income countries is often neglected in travel medicine. This article uses Nepal as a case study to highlight key issues affecting this particular group of international travellers. Methods: This narrative review used a comprehensive systematic literature search to identify relevant studies on Nepal. The included articles were thematically analysed leading to four key themes or risk factors. Results: The search found 18 articles from which we identified 3 key themes related directly to migrant workers: (1) sexual risk taking; (2) occupational health and (3) lifestyles, and a fourth theme related to partners and family of migrant workers who are left behind in Nepal...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422704/influencing-factors-on-high-risk-sexual-behaviors-in-young-people-an-ecological-perspective
#5
Hoda Arabi-Mianrood, Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi, Elham Khoori, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Zohreh Shahhosseini
Background In recent years, high-risk sexual behaviors due to their negative consequences both for the individual and society have received more attention than other high-risk behaviors. Objective The aim of this study was to review the influencing factors of high-risk sexual behaviors among young people from an ecological point of view. Methods This review was conducted through searching databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Google Scholar and the Cochrane Library with keywords such as sexual risk-taking behavior, high-risk sex, unprotected sex and unsafe sex...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421427/community-violence-exposure-and-risk-taking-behaviors-among-black-emerging-adults-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Robert Motley, Whitney Sewell, Yu-Chih Chen
Black emerging adults ages 18-29, particularly those residing in predominantly black urban communities, are at risk for community violence exposure (CVE). This potentially traumatic event may induce traumatic stress reactions for black emerging adults that contribute to their engagement in violence perpetration, substance use and/or sexual risk-taking behaviors as a way to cope with their experiences. To address these identified concerns and make recommendations for future research, this article identifies and synthesizes results from studies that have examined CVE and its association with violence perpetration, substance use, and sexual risk-taking behaviors among black emerging adults...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415911/risk-safety-and-sex-among-male-prep-users-time-for-a-new-understanding
#7
Kimberly Koester, Rivet K Amico, Hailey Gilmore, Albert Liu, Vanessa McMahan, Kenneth Mayer, Sybil Hosek, Robert Grant
Recent advances in biomedical HIV prevention have led to optimistic projections of a dramatic worldwide reduction of new infections by 2030. This optimism is counterbalanced by concerns that the protective benefits of one such technology, HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), may be negated by increases in other behaviours that offset these benefits (risk compensation). To contribute to a deeper understanding of concepts of safety and risk in the context of HIV PrEP, we draw on the narrative accounts of 61 male PrEP users who participated in the inaugural PrEP demonstration project: the iPrEx open-label extension study...
April 18, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412676/investigation-of-sub-health-status-of-neonates-in-heping-street-region-beijing-and-analysis-on-related-risk-factors
#8
Chen Jie, Shi Mai, Li Qiuju, Ye Fang, Liu Fang, Fan Qinying, Zhang Yong, Wang Lin
To investigate sub-health status of neonates in Heping Street Region and related risk factors. Then, 7436 maternal women admitted to hospital in Heping Street Region, Beijing were enrolled from October 2013 to September 2015, including 293 women, who gave birth to sub-health neonates. Questionnaire survey was conducted to collect maternal age, education degree, experiences and income, occupation, life habit, condition in pregnancy, condition in perinatal period, adverse reaction in pregnancy, etc. Finally, 281 effective questionnaires were regained with effective regain rate of 95...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411067/is-cigarette-and-alcohol-use-associated-with-high-risk-sexual-behaviors-among-youth-in-china
#9
Chao Guo, Xu Wen, Ning Li, Zhenjie Wang, Gong Chen, Xiaoying Zheng
BACKGROUND: Very few studies have explored the association between cigarette or alcohol use and high-risk sexual behaviors (HRSBs) among Chinese youth. AIM: To identify the associations between cigarette and/or alcohol use and HRSBs in unmarried youth 15 to 24 years old in China. METHODS: Data were obtained from a nationally representative survey of youth 15 to 24 years old in China. Population numbers, prevalences, and proportions were calculated where appropriate...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406348/motivations-for-using-mdma-ecstasy-molly-among-african-americans-implications-for-prevention-and-harm-reduction-programs
#10
Khary K Rigg
Despite the growing popularity of MDMA (ecstasy/molly) among African Americans, their motives for using the drug are still largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to identify and describe the most salient motivations for using MDMA among this understudied population. In-depth interviews (n = 15) were conducted with a sample of African American young adults in Southwest Florida between August 2014 and November 2015. The primary motivations for using MDMA included: (1) altering the effects of marijuana and alcohol; (2) lasting longer sexually; (3) enhancing sexual pleasure; and (4) facilitating "freaky" sexual experiences...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404766/randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-sexual-risk-reduction-intervention-for-sti-prevention-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-usa
#11
Lisa A Eaton, Seth C Kalichman, Moira O Kalichman, Daniel D Driffin, Robert Baldwin, Larissa Zohren, Christopher Conway-Washington
OBJECTIVES: Novel interventions to address sexual risk taking and slow rates of STIs are urgently needed, in particular among black men who have sex with men (MSM) in the USA. Serosorting, or limiting condomless sex acts to partners of the same HIV status, is commonly practised among MSM, yet can lead to STI and remains largely unaddressed by public health agencies. METHODS: A two-arm, randomised controlled trial was conducted from 2012 to 2015. This trial assessed the effects of a single-session, sexual partner selection and risk decision intervention (experimental arm) versus a single-session, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-based, sexual risk reduction intervention (control arm) on psychosocial measures, sexual risk taking and STI...
April 12, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403303/the-game-as-strategy-for-approach-to-sexuality-with-adolescents-theoretical-methodological-re%C3%AF-ections
#12
Vânia de Souza, Maria Flávia Gazzinelli, Amanda Nathale Soares, Marconi Moura Fernandes, Rebeca Nunes Guedes de Oliveira, Rosa Maria Godoy Serpa da Fonseca
OBJECTIVE: To describe the Papo Reto [Straight Talk] game and reflect on its theoretical-methodological basis. METHOD: Analytical study on the process of elaboration of the Papo Reto online game, destined to adolescents aged 15-18 years, with access to the Game between 2014 and 2015. RESULTS: the interactions of 60 adolescents from Belo Horizonte and São Paulo constituted examples of the potentialities of the Game to favor the approach to sexuality with adolescents through simulation of reality, invention and interaction...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399423/bone-mineral-density-and-vitamin-d-concentration-the-challenges-in-taking-care-of-children-and-adolescents-infected-with-hiv
#13
Fabiana Bononi Carmo, Maria Teresa Terreri, Regina Célia de Menezes Succi, Suenia Vasconcelos Beltrão, Aida de Fátima Tomé Barbosa Gouvea, Erica Regina Cruz Paulino, Daisy Maria Machado
The increase in life expectancy for patients living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has resulted in health complications related to a chronic disease. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of bone mineral density (BMD) alterations and vitamin D concentrations in HIV-infected children and adolescents and to verify the variations in those parameters during a 12-month interval. METHODS: A prospective cohort study with a dual period of evaluation was conducted in 57 patients perinatally HIV-infected and one patient with sexual abuse in early infancy...
April 8, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397449/the-neuropsychiatric-aspect-of-the-hcv-infection
#14
REVIEW
Magdalena Więdłocha, Piotr Marcinowicz, Dorota Sokalla, Bartłomiej Stańczykiewicz
HCV infection is significantly more prevalent in the population of psychiatric patients, drug addicts and people tending to undertake risky sexual behaviors than in the general population. This article presents a spectrum of psychopathological symptoms and psychological dysfunctions, an outline of current theories on the neuropathology and psychiatric aspects of HCV infection treatment. The unspecific character of the psychopathological symptoms in the HCV infection makes the process of thorough diagnostics and adequate treatment difficult, thus the specific and characteristic features have been emphasized...
January 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388494/energy-drink-and-alcohol-mixed-energy-drink-use-among-high-school-adolescents-association-with-risk-taking-behavior-social-characteristics
#15
REVIEW
Marco Scalese, Francesca Denoth, Valeria Siciliano, Luca Bastiani, Rodolfo Cotichini, Arianna Cutilli, Sabrina Molinaro
PURPOSE: The aims of the study were to: a) examine the prevalence of energy drink (ED) and alcohol mixed with energy drink (AmED) consumption; b) investigate the relationships between ED and AmED with alcohol, binge drinking and drugs accounting for at risk behaviors among a representative sample of Italian adolescents. METHODS: A representative sample of 30,588 Italian high school students, aged 15-19years, was studied. Binary and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to determine the independent association of the potential predictors' characteristics with the ED and AmED drinking during the last year...
March 27, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385352/neurokinin-3-receptor-antagonism-as-a-novel-treatment-for-menopausal-hot-flushes-a-phase-2-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#16
Julia K Prague, Rachel E Roberts, Alexander N Comninos, Sophie Clarke, Channa N Jayasena, Zachary Nash, Chedie Doyle, Deborah A Papadopoulou, Stephen R Bloom, Pharis Mohideen, Nicholas Panay, Myra S Hunter, Johannes D Veldhuis, Lorraine C Webber, Les Huson, Waljit S Dhillo
BACKGROUND: Hot flushes affect 70% of menopausal women and often severely impact physical, psychosocial, sexual, and overall wellbeing. Hormone replacement therapy is effective but is not without risk. Neurokinin B signalling is increased in menopausal women, and has been implicated as an important mediator of hot flushes. METHODS: This phase 2, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single-centre, crossover trial assessed the effectiveness of an oral neurokinin 3 receptor antagonist (MLE4901) on menopausal hot flushes...
April 3, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384432/utility-of-risk-based-chlamydia-testing-in-primary-care-analysis-of-retrospective-surveillance-data-among-women-in-melbourne-australia
#17
Anna L Wilkinson, Kathleen McNamee, Carol El-Hayek, Eric P F Chow, Catriona S Bradshaw, Norm Roth, B K Tee, Mark Stoové, Margaret Hellard
Background: Chlamydia (Chlamydia trachomatis) continues to be a public health challenge in Australia, with some contention as to the best screening approach. In the present study we examined chlamydia testing, positivity and sexual behaviour among women with the aim of informing targeted testing among women aged ≥30 years. Methods: A longitudinal analysis was conducted on retrospective surveillance data collected among women attending general practice, family planning and sexual health clinics participating in sentinel surveillance in Melbourne, Australia...
April 7, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377136/perceptions-and-practices-regarding-women-s-vaginal-health-following-radiation-therapy-a-survey-of-radiation-oncologists-practicing-in-the-united-states
#18
Lisa A Kachnic, Deborah W Bruner, Muhammad M Qureshi, Gregory A Russo
PURPOSE: Vaginal stenosis (VS) is a recognized complication of pelvic and vaginal radiation therapy (RT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: A 26-item survey assessing the signs/symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, prevention, treatment, and impact of VS on women's sexual health was distributed to radiation oncologists. Descriptive statistics were calculated. Chi-square tests examined differences in categorical responses. RESULTS: A total of 233 (10.5%) participants completed the entire survey...
February 14, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367763/externalizing-and-internalizing-pathways-to-mexican-american-adolescents-risk-taking
#19
Nancy A Gonzales, Yu Liu, Michaeline Jensen, Jenn Yun Tein, Rebecca M B White, Julianna Deardorff
This study used four waves of data from a longitudinal study of 749 Mexican origin youths to test a developmental cascades model linking contextual adversity in the family and peer domains in late childhood to a sequence of unfolding processes hypothesized to predict problem substance use and risky sexual activity (greater number of sex partners) in late adolescence. Externalizing and internalizing problems were tested as divergent pathways, with youth-reported and mother-reported symptoms examined in separate models...
April 3, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364867/preventing-urinary-tract-infections-after-menopause-without-antibiotics
#20
REVIEW
Marta Caretto, Andrea Giannini, Eleonora Russo, Tommaso Simoncini
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the most common bacterial infections in women, and increase in incidence after the menopause. It is important to uncover underlying abnormalities or modifiable risk factors. Several risk factors for recurrent UTIs have been identified, including the frequency of sexual intercourse, spermicide use and abnormal pelvic anatomy. In postmenopausal women UTIs often accompany the symptoms and signs of the genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM). Antimicrobial prophylaxis has been demonstrated to be effective in reducing the risk of recurrent UTIs in women, but this may lead to drug resistance of both the causative microorganisms and the indigenous flora...
May 2017: Maturitas
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