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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529222/the-effect-of-childhood-household-dysfunction-on-future-hiv-risk-among-probationers
#1
Brittany Marshall, Stephanie A Spohr, Faye S Taxman, Scott T Walters
INTRODUCTION: Adverse childhood events (ACE) can lead to numerous health risks in adulthood. ACEs coupled with increased risk-taking behaviors can lead to increased risk for HIV infection, particularly in vulnerable populations. The purpose of this study was to determine if mental health symptom severity mediates the relationship between childhood household dysfunction and adult HIV risk among a group of probationers. METHODS: T-tests were used to evaluate associations between demographic characteristics and cumulative engagement in sexual risk behaviors in 282 drug-involved probationers...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526670/social-media-and-sexual-behavior-among-adolescents-is-there-a-link
#2
Megan Landry, Monique Turner, Amita Vyas, Susan Wood
BACKGROUND: Adolescent sexual risk taking and its consequences remain a global public health concern. Empirical evidence on the impact that social media has on sexual health behaviors among youth is sparse. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to examine the relationship between social media and the change in sexual risk over time and whether parental monitoring moderates this relationship. METHODS: This study comprised a sample of 555 Latino youth aged 13-19 years from Maryland, United States completing baseline and follow-up surveys...
May 19, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525319/preparation-for-sexual-and-reproductive-self-care-in-iranian-adolescent-girls-a-qualitative-study
#3
Zainab Alimoradi, Nourossadat Kariman, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Masoumeh Simbar
Background Adolescence is one of the most important stages in every individual's life. Pubertal changes and acquiring reproduction capability require adolescents to perform special health care processes. Also the possibility of involvement in high-risk sexual behaviors endangers adolescent girls' sexual and reproductive health. Objective Increase and deepen the understanding and knowledge of the factors affecting Iranian adolescent girls' readiness to take care of their sexual and reproductive health. Materials and methods The present qualitative study was conducted using conventional content analysis method...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501018/geographic-mobility-and-potential-bridging-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-agbogbloshie-ghana
#4
Susan Cassels, Samuel M Jenness, Adriana A E Biney, F Nii-Amoo Dodoo
Short-term mobility can significantly influence the spread of infectious disease. In order for mobile individuals to geographically spread sexually transmitted infections (STIs), individuals must engage in sexual acts with different partners in two places within a short time. In this study, we considered the potential of mobile individuals as bridge populations - individuals who link otherwise disconnected sexual networks and contributed to ongoing STI transmission. Using monthly retrospective panel data, we examined associations between short-term mobility and sexual partner concurrency in Agbogbloshie, Ghana...
May 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500620/relationship-between-disordered-eating-and-self-identified-sexual-minority-youth-in-a-sample-of-public-high-school-adolescents
#5
Keith J Zullig, Molly R Matthews-Ewald, Robert F Valois
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between selected disordered eating behaviors and self-reported sexual minority status (gay/lesbian, bisexual, and unsure) among a representative sample of high school adolescents. METHODS: The 2013 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-sponsored Connecticut Youth Risk Behavior Survey was utilized (N = 2242). Unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression analyses, separated by gender, examined sexual minority adolescents (gay/lesbian, bisexual, and unsure) and selected eating behaviors...
May 12, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488166/perceived-hiv-prevalence-accuracy-and-sexual-risk-behavior-among-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-united-states
#6
Stephen Sullivan, Rob Stephenson
Interventions that promote HIV prevention and reduce sexual risk-taking among men who have sex with men (MSM) are needed. Decisions surrounding sexual behavior and prevention are in part shaped by how individuals gauge HIV risk, which may be influenced by perceptions of local HIV prevalence. Using an online sample of self-reported HIV-negative adult MSM (n = 1477, mean age = 45) recruited in 2015, we examine associations between accuracy of perceived local HIV prevalence and self-reported condomless anal sex (CAS) and HIV testing...
May 9, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476263/outcomes-of-a-family-based-hiv-prevention-intervention-for-substance-using-juvenile-offenders
#7
Marina Tolou-Shams, Emily Dauria, Selby M Conrad, Kathleen Kemp, Sarah Johnson, Larry K Brown
Approximately 80% of all arrested youth are diverted from detention and supervised in the community through probation, specialty courts and other community-based diversion efforts. Justice-involved youth have greater psychiatric impairment, substance use and sexual risk behaviors than their non-justice-involved peers. Family-based interventions to address mental health, substance use and recidivism have been successful in improving these youth outcomes; but the lack of integration of HIV/STI prevention is notable given the co-occurrence of substance use, delinquency and sexual risk-taking behaviors among justice-involved youth...
June 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468533/willingness-to-use-short-term-oral-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-by-migrant-miners-and-female-partners-of-migrant-miners-in-mozambique
#8
Joana Falcao, Laurence Ahoua, Allison Zerbe, Pietro di Mattei, Rachel Baggaley, Victor Chivurre, Prince Mulondo, Isaias Ramiro, Shona Dalal, Fernando Morales, Kevin O'Reilly, Wafaa El-Sadr
Migrant miners from Mozambique who work in South Africa and their partners are at substantial risk for HIV infection. We conducted a cross-sectional study to assess the willingness of migrant miners and female partners of miners to take short-term pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for prevention of HIV acquisition. The study was conducted in Gaza Province, Mozambique, between September and October 2015. A total of 131 male miners and female partners of male miners completed a questionnaire. Subsequently, 48 in-depth interviews among male miners and female partners of miners and 3 focus-group discussions (6 participants each) among female partners of miners were conducted...
May 4, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464774/personalizing-psychological-treatment-along-the-ibd-journey-from-diagnosis-to-surgery
#9
Julia Menichetti, Gionata Fiorino, Elena Vegni
Personalized medicine is becoming a widespread effort to provide the right treatment to the right patient at the right time. However, it lacks of consideration for nonmedical factors, such as patient preferences and psychosocial factors, that should not be avoided. The present study summarizes the psychosocial difficulties experienced by patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) during different phases of the disease in order to identify methods to assess psychosocial risk factors and personalize treatment strategies...
May 2, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463880/medication-adherence-condom-use-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-australian-prep-users-interim-results-from-the-victorian-prep-demonstration-project
#10
Luxi Lal, Jennifer Audsley, Dean Murphy, Christopher K Fairley, Mark Stoove, Norm Roth, Richard Moore, B K Tee, Nalagafiar Puratmaja, Peter L Anderson, David Leslie, Robert M Grant, John De Wit, Edwina Wright
OBJECTIVE: HIV Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) decreases risk of HIV acquisition however its efficacy is closely dependent on adherence. There is also concern that the preventive effect of PrEP may be offset by risk compensation, notably an increase in condomless anal sex. DESIGN: Multi-site, open-label demonstration study that recruited people at current or recent risk of HIV infection in Melbourne, Australia. METHODS: Participants were recruited from three general practice clinics and one sexual health clinic in Melbourne and consented to take daily tenofovir/emtricitabine for 30 months...
May 1, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463448/effect-of-forced-sexual-intercourse-on-associations-between-early-sexual-debut-and-other-health-risk-behaviors-among-us-high-school-students
#11
Richard Lowry, Leah Robin, Laura Kann
BACKGROUND: Previous research on associations between early sexual debut and other health risk behaviors has not examined the effect of forced sexual intercourse on those associations. METHODS: We analyzed data from a nationally representative sample of 19,240 high school students in the United States, age ≥16 years, to describe the effect of forced sexual intercourse on associations between early sexual debut and other health risk behaviors using adjusted prevalence ratios (APR)...
June 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463037/identity-management-strategies-among-hiv-positive-colombian-gay-men-in-london
#12
Rusi Jaspal, Iain Williamson
This study set out to explore the social-psychological aspects of living with HIV among a group of HIV-positive Colombian gay men in London, and the strategies that they deployed to manage ensuing threats to their identities. Focus group and individual interview data were collected from 14 Colombian gay men living with HIV, and were analysed using qualitative thematic analysis and identity process theory. The following themes are discussed: (1) identity struggles and conflicts in Colombia, (2), managing multiple layers of social stigma in England, and (3) changing interpersonal and intergroup dynamics, which highlight the inter-connections between sexual prejudice, sexual risk-taking and HIV stigma...
May 2, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458270/correlates-of-hiv-risk-taking-behaviors-among-african-american-college-students-hiv-knowledge-and-ethnic-identity
#13
Angela M Heads, Joseph W Dickson, Aisha T Asby
We examined ethnic identity in relation to hazardous alcohol use, illicit drug use, and risky sexual behavior in 266 college students recruited on the campus of a historically Black college/university (HBCU). Participants were primarily African American students participating in HIV education and prevention outreach efforts. Data regarding prevalence of substance use, binge drinking, and sexual risk behaviors are reported. Results found no relationship among the risk variables and ethnic identity. HIV knowledge score results demonstrated a need to continue HIV education to include the less publicized facts about HIV transmission...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458264/none-of-us-will-get-out-of-here-alive-the-intersection-of-perceived-risk-for-hiv-risk-behaviors-and-survival-expectations-among-african-american-emerging-adults
#14
Lorece V Edwards, Ian Lindong, Lawrence Brown, Anita S Hawkins, Sabriya Dennis, Olaoluwa Fajobi, Randolph Rowel, Ronald Braithwaite, Kim D Sydnor
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) significantly affects minority emerging adults, among whom the rate of new diagnoses is high and health disparities are more pronounced. Importantly, emerging adults today have limited knowledge of the earlier toll of the virus when it was identified as a killer. Among this population, perceptions of risk for HIV are low and sexual risk taking behaviors are high. The Get SMART Project is a behavioral intervention aimed to provide re-purposed HIV, alcohol, and substance abuse prevention education and HIV testing to African American emerging adults ages 18-24...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455679/weight-loss-and-improvement-in-comorbidity-differences-at-5-10-15-and-over
#15
REVIEW
Donna H Ryan, Sarah Ryan Yockey
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: One begins to see improvement in glycemic measures and triglycerides with small amounts of weight loss, but with greater levels of weight loss there is even greater improvement. In fact, the relationship between weight loss and glycemia is one that is very close. RECENT FINDINGS: This is fortunate for diabetes prevention; it takes only small amounts of weight loss to prevent progression to type 2 diabetes from impaired glucose tolerance, and after the 10 kg of weight loss, one cannot demonstrate much additional improvement in risk reduction...
April 28, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453199/sexual-risk-taking-among-recently-emancipated-female-foster-youth-sexual-trauma-and-failed-family-reunification-experiences
#16
Ana Gonzalez-Blanks, Tuppett M Yates
Foster youth evidence shows elevated rates of risk behaviors, including sexual risk-taking (e.g., unprotected sex). Some studies have identified child maltreatment, particularly sexual abuse, as a risk for later sexual risk-taking, but none have examined how child welfare placement experiences relate to youth's sexual risk-taking. This study investigated relations among child maltreatment, child welfare placements, and sexual risk-taking among 114 recently emancipated female foster youth. Sexual abuse and failed reunifications with parents were associated with greater sexual risk-taking...
December 2016: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451465/intimate-partner-violence-victimization-in-lgbt-young-adults-demographic-differences-and-associations-with-health-behaviors
#17
Tyson R Reuter, Michael E Newcomb, Sarah W Whitton, Brian Mustanski
OBJECTIVE: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is an important public health problem with high prevalence and serious costs. Although literature has largely focused on IPV among heterosexuals, studies have recently begun examining IPV in LGBT samples, with mounting evidence suggesting IPV may be more common among LGBT individuals than heterosexuals. Less research has examined the specific health consequences of IPV in this population, particularly across time and among young people, and it remains unclear whether experiences of IPV differ between subgroups within the LGBT population (e...
January 2017: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448483/trends-in-repeat-births-and-use-of-postpartum-contraception-among-teens-united-states-2004-2015
#18
Deborah L Dee, Karen Pazol, Shanna Cox, Ruben A Smith, Katherine Bower, Martha Kapaya, Amy Fasula, Ayanna Harrison, Charlan D Kroelinger, Denise D'Angelo, Leslie Harrison, Emilia H Koumans, Nikki Mayes, Wanda D Barfield, Lee Warner
Teen* childbearing (one or more live births before age 20 years) can have negative health, social, and economic consequences for mothers and their children (1). Repeat teen births (two or more live births before age 20 years) can constrain the mother's ability to take advantage of educational and workforce opportunities (2), and are more likely to be preterm or of low birthweight than first teen births (3). Despite the historic decline in the U.S. teen birth rate during 1991-2015, from 61.8 to 22.3 births per 1,000 females aged 15-19 years (4), many teens continue to have repeat births (3)...
April 28, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445608/sexual-and-gender-minority-adolescents-views-on-hiv-research-participation-and-parental-permission-a-mixed-methods-study
#19
Brian Mustanski, Ryan Coventry, Kathryn Macapagal, Miriam R Arbeit, Celia B Fisher
CONTEXT: Sexual and gender minority adolescents are underrepresented in HIV research, partly because institutional review boards (IRBs) are reluctant to waive parental permission requirements for these studies. Understanding teenagers' perspectives on parental permission and the risks and benefits of participating in HIV research is critical to informing evidence-based IRB decisions. METHODS: Data from 74 sexual and gender minority adolescents aged 14-17 who participated in an online focus group in 2015 were used to examine perspectives on the risks and benefits of participation in a hypothetical HIV surveillance study and the need for parental permission and adequate protections...
April 26, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442805/proton-pump-inhibitors-are-associated-with-a-reduced-likelihood-for-sexually-transmitted-diseases-in-women-in-the-emergency-department
#20
Johnathan Michael Sheele, Nathan Morris, Donald Byars, Frank Counselman
BACKGROUND: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have been shown in cell culture to kill Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) at lower half maximal inhibitory concentration values than metronidazole (Flagyl), the most common medication used to treat the infection. However, there have been no previous clinical investigations to determine if PPIs are associated with reduced risk for TV. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the records of female patients who received testing in the emergency department for TV, Neisseria gonorrhoea (GC), and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) between 2010 and 2014 at two academic medical centers to determine if PPI and histamine type 2 receptor antagonist (H2RA) drugs were associated with TV and GC/CT infections...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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