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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217446/the-dangers-of-sexual-enhancement-supplements-and-counterfeit-drugs-to-treat-erectile-dysfunction
#1
REVIEW
Jason Chiang, Faysal A Yafi, Philip J Dorsey, Wayne J G Hellstrom
Counterfeit phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (PDE-5i) are an increasing problem. Already in widespread use, the market for PDE-5i is steadily growing as the population ages. Counterfeiters are taking advantage of this growing market by developing illicit and counterfeit PDE-5i products. Many factors are contributing to the rapid growth of the illicit market, such as the low risk of prosecution, potentially high financial reward, and ease of distribution via Internet pharmacies. Consumers of illicit PDE-5i often do not realize they are using counterfeit products and placing themselves at an unnecessary health risk...
February 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207802/uptake-contexts-and-perceived-impacts-of-hiv-testing-and-counselling-among-adults-in-east-and-southern-africa-a-meta-ethnographic-review
#2
T Charles Witzel, Wezzie Lora, Shelley Lees, Nicola Desmond
INTRODUCTION: HIV testing and counselling (HTC) interventions are key to controlling the HIV epidemic in East and Southern Africa where HTC is primarily delivered through voluntary counselling and testing (VCT), provider initiated testing and counselling (PITC), and home-based counselling and testing (HBVCT). Decision making processes around uptake of HTC models must be taken into account when designing new interventions. Counselling in HTC aims to reduce post-test risk taking behaviour and to link individuals to care but its efficacy is unclear...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198339/sexual-health-of-women-aged-40-and-over-attending-an-inner-city-integrated-sexual-health-clinic
#3
Patrice Grech, Rebecca Marchant, Mannampallil Samuel
Sexual health policy remains focussed on younger adults. However, rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in older people continue to increase. We explored the sexual healthcare needs of women aged 40 and over attending an integrated sexual health clinic in South London. We conducted a retrospective case note review and found that almost 20% of these women had STIs. These included genital herpes, trichomoniasis, genital warts, chlamydia and gonorrhoea. Less than a quarter of women reported use of condoms during most recent sexual contact, indicating sexual risk-taking behaviour...
March 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197862/influences-of-economic-social-and-cultural-marginalization-on-the-association-between-alcohol-use-and-sexual-risk-among-formerly-incarcerated-latino-men
#4
Miguel Muñoz-Laboy, Omar Martínez, Vincent Guilamo-Ramos, Jeffrey Draine, Karin Eyrich Garg, Ethan Levine, Alexandra Ripkin
Formerly incarcerated Latino men (FILM) have been significantly impacted by the HIV/AIDS and alcohol abuse epidemics in the United States. In this analysis, we examine the role of social, economic and cultural marginalization in the likelihood of alcohol-related sexual risk taking behavior among FILM. We recruited a non-random sample of FILM, ages 18-49 (n = 259). We performed logistic regression modeling to test four hypotheses examining the direct and moderating effects of socio-cultural factors. Drinking before sex was strongly associated with high likelihood of condomless intercourse (adjusted odds ratio, AOR = 2...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185995/study-protocol-community-links-to-establish-alcohol-recovery-clear-for-women-leaving-jail
#5
Jennifer E Johnson, Yael Chatav Schonbrun, Bradley Anderson, Megan Kurth, Christine Timko, Michael Stein
PURPOSE: This article describes the protocol for a randomized effectiveness trial of a method to link alcohol use disordered women who are in pretrial jail detention with post-release 12-step mutual help groups. BACKGROUND: Jails serve 15 times more people per year than do prisons and have very short stays, posing few opportunities for treatment or treatment planning. Alcohol use is associated with poor post-jail psychosocial and health outcomes including sexually transmitted diseases and HIV, especially for women...
February 7, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166487/harmful-alcohol-use-and-alcohol-related-sex-expectancies-as-predictors-of-risky-sex-among-african-american-female-college-drinkers
#6
Danielle P Cottonham, Michael B Madson, Bonnie C Nicholson, Richard S Mohn
African American college women are experiencing sex-related negative consequences at alarming rates. Alcohol use and alcohol-related sex expectancies are predictors of risky sexual behavior among college women; however, African American college women are often underrepresented in empirical studies. The purpose of the present study was to examine the link between alcohol-related sex expectancies (i.e., enhancement, sexual risk taking, and disinhibition expectancies), alcohol use, and risky sexual behavior among a sample of 222 sexually active African American female college drinkers...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157642/cervicovaginal-agenesis-treated-with-modified-yang-monti-technique-in-two-steps-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
J Acosta-León, A Pantoja-Rojas, J R Corona-Rivera, E López-Marure, C F Ploneda-Valencia
INTRODUCTION: Müllerian duct anomalies are rare with less than 200 cases published in the literature. Recently, the implementation of the Yang-Monti principle for the creation of the neovagina has been used in 10 previous published cases. Here, we report the first case of cervicovaginal agenesis treated with the modified Yang-Monti technique in two steps in México. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 14-year-old female presented to the pediatric consult with a history of primary amenorrhea and a chronic-cyclic pelvic pain...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147704/pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prescribing-and-retention-in-care-among-heterosexual-women-at-a-community-based-comprehensive-sexual-health-clinic
#8
Oni J Blackstock, Viraj V Patel, Uriel Felsen, Connie Park, Sachin Jain
In the United States, heterosexual women account for 20% of new HIV infections. As a user-controlled HIV prevention method, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has substantial potential to reduce new infections among women. However, among women, PrEP is vastly underutilized. To guide efforts to increase women-at-risk's PrEP use, we sought to describe the characteristics of women prescribed PrEP as well as their retention in PrEP care. We conducted a chart review of women who received care at a comprehensive sexual health clinic within a large urban health care system...
February 1, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145582/unmet-need-and-sex-investigating-the-role-of-coital-frequency-in-fertility-control
#9
Suzanne O Bell, David Bishai
We estimate the relationship between unmet need for contraception and coital frequency using data from the most recent Standard Demographic and Health Surveys conducted from 2005 to 2015. Individual-level analyses include 55 countries (n=245,732 women). The dependent variable is women's report of any sex in the last four weeks; the independent variable is current unmet need. Bivariate ecological results using country averages indicate that prevalence of unmet need is significantly negatively correlated with the proportion reporting recent sexual activity...
February 1, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139252/childhood-sexual-abuse-sexual-motives-and-adolescent-sexual-risk-taking-among-males-and-females-receiving-child-welfare-services
#10
Christine Wekerle, Abby L Goldstein, Masako Tanaka, Lil Tonmyr
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is associated with multiple negative outcomes, including increased risky sexual behavior. To date, the majority of research on the relationship between CSA and risky sex in adolescence has been limited, with a lack of focus on males and youth receiving child welfare services. Participants in the current study were 297 youth (mean age=15.98; SD=1.01, 57.6% female) from the child welfare system who reported being sexually active at the time of the survey. CSA was associated with severity of other types of maltreatment for both genders, and exposure to intimate partner violence for females only...
January 27, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135199/pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-as-an-additional-tool-for-hiv-prevention-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-belgium-the-be-prep-ared-study-protocol
#11
Irith De Baetselier, Thijs Reyniers, Christiana Nöstlinger, Kristien Wouters, Katrien Fransen, Tania Crucitti, Chris Kenyon, Jozefien Buyze, Céline Schurmans, Marie Laga, Bea Vuylsteke
BACKGROUND: Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a promising and effective tool to prevent HIV. With the approval of Truvada as daily PrEP by the European Commission in August 2016, individual European Member states prepare themselves for PrEP implementation following the examples of France and Norway. However, context-specific data to guide optimal implementation is currently lacking. OBJECTIVE: With this demonstration project we evaluate whether daily and event-driven PrEP, provided within a comprehensive prevention package, is a feasible and acceptable additional prevention tool for men who have sex with men (MSM) at high risk of acquiring HIV in Belgium...
January 30, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127873/early-menarche-and-risk-taking-behavior-in-korean-adolescent-students
#12
Hyun Soo Kim, Byeong Moo Choe, Jae Hong Park, Seong Hwan Kim
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to assess the correlation between early menarche and risk-taking behavior in a representative sample of Korean adolescent students. METHODS: Data were drawn from a cross-sectional, nationally representative sample of 33 829 female adolescents (grades 7-12) from the 2014 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to test the association between early menarche and risk-taking behavior...
January 27, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124192/hiv-risk-perception-and-risky-behavior-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-kermanshah-western-iran
#13
Mehdi Noroozi, Elahe Ahounbar, Salah Eddin Karimi, Sina Ahmadi, Mohammad Najafi, Ali Bazrafshan, Zahra Jorjoran Shushtari, Mohammad Hassan Farhadi, Peter Higgs, Fatemeh Rezaei, Hesam Ghiasvand, Asaad Sharhani, Bahram Armoon, Katherine Waye
PURPOSE: Understanding and increasing awareness on individual risk for HIV infection as well as HIV risk perception's effects on different behavioral outcomes for people who inject drugs (PWID) is important for policymaking and planning purposes. The objectives of the present study were to determine whether HIV risk perception was associated with greater injection and sexual risk-taking behaviors among PWIDs. METHOD: We surveyed 460 PWID in Kermanshah regarding their demographic characteristics, sexual risk behaviors, HIV risk perception, and drug-related risk behaviors in the month prior to the study...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120485/effects-of-acute-buspirone-administration-on-inhibitory-control-and-sexual-discounting-in-cocaine-users
#14
Justin C Strickland, B Levi Bolin, Michael R Romanelli, Craig R Rush, William W Stoops
OBJECTIVE: Cocaine users display deficits in inhibitory control and make impulsive choices that may increase risky behavior. Buspirone is an anxiolytic that activates dopaminergic and serotonergic systems and improves impulsive choice (i.e., reduces sexual risk-taking intent) in cocaine users when administered chronically. We evaluated the effects of acutely administered buspirone on inhibitory control and impulsive choice. METHODS: Eleven subjects with a recent history of cocaine use completed this within-subject, placebo-controlled study...
January 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114727/nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-for-pain-in-women-with-endometriosis
#15
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Tineke J Crawford, Claire Allen, Sally Hopewell, Andrew Prentice
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a common gynaecological condition that affects women and can lead to painful symptoms and infertility. It greatly affects women's quality of life, impacting their careers, everyday activities, sexual and nonsexual relationships and fertility. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are most commonly used as first-line treatment for women with pain associated with endometriosis. OBJECTIVES: To assess effects of NSAIDs used for management of pain in women with endometriosis compared with placebo, other NSAIDs, other pain management drugs or no treatment...
January 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110864/sexual-behavior-among-orphaned-adolescents-in-western-kenya-a-comparison-of-institutional-and-family-based-care-settings
#16
Lonnie Embleton, Joram Nyandat, David Ayuku, Edwin Sang, Allan Kamanda, Samuel Ayaya, Winstone Nyandiko, Peter Gisore, Rachel Vreeman, Lukoye Atwoli, Omar Galarraga, Mary A Ott, Paula Braitstein
PURPOSE: This study sought to assess whether risky sexual behaviors and sexual exploitation of orphaned adolescents differed between family-based and institutional care environments in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. METHODS: We analyzed baseline data from a cohort of orphaned adolescents aged 10-18 years living in 300 randomly selected households and 19 charitable children's institutions. The primary outcomes were having ever had consensual sex, number of sex partners, transactional sex, and forced sex...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108878/stigma-and-conspiracy-beliefs-related-to-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-and-interest-in-using-prep-among-black-and-white-men-and-transgender-women-who-have-sex-with-men
#17
Lisa A Eaton, Seth C Kalichman, Devon Price, Stephanie Finneran, Aerielle Allen, Jessica Maksut
The HIV/AIDS epidemic in the US continues to persist, in particular, among race, sexual orientation, and gender minority populations. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), or using antiretroviral medications for HIV prevention, is an effective option, but uptake of PrEP has been slow. Sociocultural barriers to using PrEP have been largely underemphasized, yet have the potential to stall uptake and, therefore, warrant further understanding. In order to assess the relationships between potential barriers to PrEP (i...
January 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107371/sexual-reproductive-health-needs-and-rights-of-young-people-in-slum-areas-of-kampala-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Andre M N Renzaho, Joseph K Kamara, Nichole Georgeou, Gilbert Kamanga
BACKGROUND: Young people in Uganda face various sexual and reproductive health risks, especially those living in urban slums. The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with comprehensive categories of sexual and reproductive health, including sexual behaviours; sexual education and access to contraceptive services; family planning; prevention of STDs; sexual consent as a right; gender based violence; as well as HIV testing, counselling, disclosure and support. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional in design and was carried out in July 2014 in Makindye and Nakawa Divisions of Kampala City, Uganda...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104040/sexual-health-knowledge-and-behaviour-of-young-sudanese-queenslanders-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Judith Dean, Marion Mitchell, Donald Stewart, Joseph Debattista
Background: Forced migration is associated with sexual vulnerability. However, little is known about the sexual health literacy and needs of refugee-background youth post resettlement. Methods: Conducted in partnership with the Queensland Sudanese community, this study used a cross-sectional survey to explore the sexual health knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of a convenience sample of 16- to 24-year-old Sudanese-background youth in Australia (n=229). Results: Sexually transmissible infection (STI) and HIV knowledge scores were generally low, although they were found to significantly improve the longer participants had lived in Australia (P<0...
January 20, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093460/a-double-edged-sword-does-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-contribute-to-syphilis-incidence-by-impairing-immunity-to-treponema-pallidum
#20
REVIEW
Michael L Rekart, Wilfred Ndifon, Robert C Brunham, Jonathan Dushoff, Sang Woo Park, Sanjana Rawat, Caroline E Cameron
BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS: Recently, the world has experienced a rapidly escalating outbreak of infectious syphilis primarily affecting men who have sex with men (MSM); many are taking highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for HIV-1 infection. The prevailing hypothesis is that HAART availability and effectiveness have led to the perception among both individuals who are HIV-1 infected and those who are uninfected that HIV-1 transmission has become much less likely, and the effects of HIV-1 infection less deadly...
January 16, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
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