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Sexual risk taking

Sonia Guleria, Mette Tuxen Faber, Bo T Hansen, Lisen Arnheim-Dahlström, Kai-Li Liaw, Christian Munk, Mari Nygård, Susanne Krüger Kjær
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations between current behaviours/characteristics and self-perceived risk for STIs, among randomly selected women aged 18-45 years from Denmark, Norway and Sweden. METHOD: A population-based, cross-sectional, questionnaire study (paper based, web based and telephone based) was conducted during 2011-2012. We compared medium-high STI risk perception with no/low risk perception. The associations were explored for women who had ever had sexual intercourse and for women with a new partner in the last 6 months using multivariable logistic regression...
March 9, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
Melissa A Lewis, Isaac C Rhew, Anne M Fairlie, Alex Swanson, Judyth Anderson, Debra Kaysen
The purpose of this study was to evaluate personalized feedback intervention (PFI) framing with two web-delivered PFIs aimed to reduce young adult alcohol-related risky sexual behavior (RSB). Combined PFIs typically use an additive approach whereby independent components on drinking and components on RSB are presented without the discussion of the influence of alcohol on RSB. In contrast, an integrated PFI highlights the RSB-alcohol connection by presenting integrated alcohol and RSB components that focus on the role of intoxication as a barrier to risk reduction in sexual situations...
March 6, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
Ana Marques, Franck Durif, Pierre-Olivier Fernagut
Impulse control disorders (ICD) are frequent side effects of dopamine replacement therapy (DRT) used in Parkinson's disease (PD) with devastating consequences on the patients and caregivers. ICD are behavioural addictions including compulsive gambling, shopping, sexual behaviour, and binge eating that are mainly associated with dopamine D2/D3 agonists. Their management is a real clinical challenge due to the lack of therapeutic alternative. Clinical studies have identified demographic and clinical risk factors for ICD such as younger age at disease onset, male gender, prior history of depression or substance abuse, REM sleep behaviour disorders and higher rate of dyskinesia...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Neural Transmission
Bisola O Ojikutu, Laura M Bogart, David J Klein, Frank H Galvan, Glenn J Wagner
Here, we examined the association of exposure to neighborhood crime with sexual risk-taking behavior among Black men living with HIV. HIV-positive Black men on antiretroviral therapy in California completed an audio computer-assisted self-interview. Crime risk per census block group was derived from the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Uniform Crime Report. Among 193 men, the mean (SD) number of sexual partners among those who were sexually active was 2.7 (3.3). 49% reported condomless sex, and 23% reported sex with an HIV-negative or unknown-serostatus partner...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Agnieszka Izdebska, Maria Beisert
Previous research has documented that women who were sexually abused in childhood are also often victims of sexual abuse in adulthood. In the current study, we investigated the relationship between the phenomenon of sexual revictimization and personality organization (PO) conceptualized in accordance with the Otto Kernberg's theory. The central hypothesis was that women with borderline personality organization (BPO) and neurotic personality organization (NPO) differ in terms of the occurrence of revictimization and its features...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Andrea Norcini Pala, Francesca Dell'Amore, Patrizia Steca, Lauren Clinton, Theodorus Sandfort, Christine Rael
The experience of sexual orientation stigma (e.g., homophobic discrimination and physical aggression) generates minority stress, a chronic form of psychosocial stress. Minority stress has been shown to have a negative effect on gay and bisexual men's (GBM's) mental and physical health, increasing the rates of depression, suicidal ideation, and HIV risk behaviors. In conservative religious settings, such as Italy, sexual orientation stigma can be more frequently and/or more intensively experienced. However, minority stress among Italian GBM remains understudied...
December 2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
Christoph D Spinner, Nikola Hanhoff, Ivanka Krznaric, Gaby Knecht, Tim Kuemmerle, Robin Ruesenberg, Knud Schewe
PRUPOSE: To examine current risk behavior, awareness, experience, and attitudes towards pre-exposure-prophylaxis (PrEP), and to estimate a potential impact on the prevention of HIV transmission among HIV-negative MSM in Germany. PrEP was not officially licensed at the time of survey. METHODS: Web-based questionnaire from 03-06/2016. Potential participants were informed through social media, flyers, and advertisements. Risk contacts were defined as unprotected sexual intercourse under the influence of recreational drugs in the past 6 months...
February 24, 2018: Infection
Nicholas Ojile, Donna Sweet, K James Kallail
Introduction: Attitudes of individuals who provide HIV care towards prescribing Preexposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) to at-risk populations have been studied, but few studies indicate if family physicians would be willing to prescribe PrEP as most family physicians do not specialize in HIV medicine. Few data exist on the perceived barriers preventing family physicians from prescribing PrEP. The purpose of this project was to assess the attitudes and perceived barriers of family physicians in Kansas towards prescribing PrEP to high risk patient populations...
May 2017: Kansas Journal of Medicine
Virginia Elena Nóh Quiñones, Julián René Torres Villegas, Thierry Brulé, Jorge L Montero Muñoz, Uriel Fernando Valdez-Montiel
Studies of fish reproductive biology often involve quantitative estimates based on histological sections of the ovaries. Prior characterization of gonad oocyte distribution patterns in females is fundamental to these studies. Heterogeneous distribution requires a standardized sampling protocol to prevent bias in data such as fecundity estimations. In contrast, homogeneous distribution allows sampling of any portion of the gonads with no risk of bias. A preliminary study was done of gonad oocyte distribution mode in a hogfish Lachnolaimus maximus population in the southern Gulf of Mexico...
March 2017: Revista de Biología Tropical
A M Roth, B Aumaier, M Felsher, S L Welles, A P Donate-Martinez, M Chavis, B Van Der Pol
BACKGROUND: In 2015 approximately 50,000 new HIV infections occurred in the United States, 2,400 of which were attributable to injection drug use in. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has the potential to curb HIV acquisition, however, uptake remains low among persons who inject drugs (PWID). The purpose of the study is to describe PrEP eligibility, willingness to use PrEP, and ability to access PrEP among PWID recruited from a pilot program that paired screening and treatment for sexually transmitted infections with mobile syringe exchange program (SEP) services...
October 4, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Thomas E Guadamuz, Michael C Clatts, Lloyd A Goldsamt
BACKGROUND: There is scarce research on male sex workers in the context of alcohol use. While heavy alcohol use has been established as a risk factor for HIV and STI infections among men who have sex with men (MSM), men who engage in sex work with other men, particularly from the Global South, have not been included in these studies. Moreover, studies among male sex workers in Asia often do not explore migration contexts of these men. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this exploratory study is to examine the prevalence and correlates of heavy alcohol use among migrant and non-migrant male sex workers in Bangkok and Pattaya, Central Thailand...
February 20, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Mary T Paterno, Jessica E Draughon Moret, Anna Paskausky, Jacquelyn C Campbell
Understanding reproductive coercion experiences in marginalized populations is important to assist in tailoring care and services. Reproductive coercion is consistently associated with intimate partner violence (IPV), engaging in sexual risk-taking, and is more commonly reported among non-White women. We conducted a secondary analysis of data from a mixed methods study to examine reproductive coercion in relationship contexts among a sample ( N = 130) of young adult, primarily African American women recruited from three women's health clinics; 12 also participated in an in-depth interview...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Natasha S Hansen, Rachel E Thayer, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing, Amithrupa Sabbineni, Angela D Bryan
Adolescence is a neurodevelopmental period of heightened sexual risk taking. Neuroimaging can help elucidate crucial neurocognitive mechanisms underlying adolescent sexual risk behavior, yet few empirical studies have investigated this neural link. To address this gap in the literature, we examined the association between neurocognitive function during response inhibition-a known correlate of risk behaviors-and frequency of intercourse without a condom among adolescents. We examined the correlation between condom use and fMRI-based Stroop response in a large ethnically diverse sample of high-risk adolescents (n = 171)...
March 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
Angelo Panno, Ainize Sarrionandia, Marco Lauriola, Mauro Giacomantonio
Risk-taking is a critical health factor as it plays a key role in several diseases and is related to a number of health risk factors. The aim of the present study is to investigate the role of alexithymia in predicting risk preferences across decision domains. One hundred and thirteen participants filled out an alexithymia scale (Toronto Alexithymia Scale-TAS-20), impulsivity and venturesomeness measures (I7 scale), and-1 month later-the Cognitive Appraisal of Risky Events (CARE questionnaire). The hierarchical regression analyses showed that alexithymia positively predicted risk preferences in two domains: aggressive/illegal behaviour and irresponsible academic/work behaviour...
February 20, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
Jose Wilches-Gutierrez, Patricia Documet
Background: Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) has experienced an unprecedented mining boom since the mid-2000s with unknown effects on sexual and reproductive health (SRH). This study takes the essential first steps of summarizing the available literature regarding SRH in mining contexts in LAC, identifying critical gaps in knowledge, and discussing main implications for future research. Methods: We conducted a scoping review with a systematic search of health literature in four databases, reference lists of selected papers, and citations in Google Scholar...
2018: Public Health Reviews
Chengzhong Zhang, Chao Zhang, Jie Huang, Weimin Shi
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to describe the infection rate of human papillomavirus (HPV), its genotype distribution, and associated factors among high-risk males in Shanghai, China. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 1,205 participants were enrolled in this study from October 2015 to March 2017. Each individual signed an informed consent before agreeing to take part in this study; participants completed a questionnaire about associated factors related to HPV infection. The HPV GenoArray test kit was used to perform HPV genotyping and was also used in DNA amplification and HybriBio's proprietary flow-through hybridization technique...
February 14, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
L Huls, L Nentjes, T Rinne, B Verschuere
When estimating the risk of sexual recidivism, the specialised behavioural pro Justitia reporter in the Netherlands generally uses risk assessment tools, although it is the reporter who pronounces the final judgement.<br/> AIM: To examine which risk factors reporters take into account when assessing the risk of sexual recidivism, to test to what degree this assessment is based on the scientific accuracy of the risk factors and to what extent the assessment is influenced by moral considerations.<br/> METHOD: 151 reporters indicated how important they considered risk factors to be in the assessment of sexual recidivism risk in adult sex offenders...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
Rachel Kidman, Sharon Nachman, Janan Dietrich, Afaaf Liberty, Avy Violari
Repeated exposure to childhood adversity (abuse, neglect and other traumas experienced before age 18) can have lifelong impacts on health. For HIV-infected adolescents and youth, such impacts may include onward transmission of HIV. To evaluate this possibility, the current study measured the burden of childhood adversity and its influence on risky health behaviors among perinatally-infected adolescents and youth. We surveyed 250 perinatally-infected adolescents and youth (13-24 years) receiving care in Soweto, South Africa...
February 8, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Michael Brown, Edward McCann
BACKGROUND: There is a growing and evolving research evidence base regarding sexuality issues and adults with intellectual disabilities. Individuals can face challenges, including the right to express their sexuality and to access necessary education and supports. AIMS: This systematic review explores sexuality experiences, the views and opinions of adults with intellectual disabilities and highlights areas for future practice developments. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A comprehensive search of relevant databases from January 2006 to December 2016 was carried out...
January 29, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Thomas H F Whitfield, Steven A John, H Jonathon Rendina, Christian Grov, Jeffrey T Parsons
Literature concerning pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among gay and bisexual identifying men (GBM) has explored facilitators and barriers to uptake and adherence. Far less reported are the reasons why GBM discontinue PrEP use. A national sample of 1071 GBM completed surveys about PrEP use and discontinuation. Participants who were still taking PrEP the 24-month follow up were compared to those that had stopped. Eighteen percent (n = 31) of GBM who reported ever using PrEP discontinued use. Younger (AOR = 0...
February 5, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
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