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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634155/perceptions-of-hiv-seriousness-risk-and-threat-among-online-samples-of-hiv-negative-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-seven-countries
#1
Anna N Chard, Nicholas Metheny, Rob Stephenson
BACKGROUND: Rates of new HIV infections continue to increase worldwide among men who have sex with men (MSM). Despite effective prevention strategies such as condoms and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), low usage of both methods in many parts of the world hinder prevention efforts. An individual's perceptions of the risk of acquiring HIV and the seriousness they afford to seroconversion are important drivers of behavioral risk-taking. Understanding the behavioral factors suppressing the uptake of HIV prevention services is a critical step in informing strategies to improve interventions to combat the ongoing HIV pandemic among MSM...
June 20, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617971/risk-factors-that-influence-sexual-and-reproductive-health-in-portuguese-university-students
#2
M J Santos, E Ferreira, J Duarte, M Ferreira
BACKGROUND: University students have unprotected sex and associate alcohol and/or drugs with sexual practices. These behaviours are risk factors for influencing sexual and reproductive health that can be targeted by nursing interventions. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the risk and protective factors influencing sexual and reproductive risk-taking behaviours in university students. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional and correlational study in a sample of 1946 students...
June 15, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610653/prospective-cohort-study-of-childhood-behaviour-problems-and-adolescent-sexual-risk-taking-gender-matters
#3
S Rachel Skinner, Jennifer Marino, Susan L Rosenthal, Jeffrey Cannon, Dorota A Doherty, Martha Hickey
Background: Externalising (delinquent, aggressive) and internalising (anxious/depressed, withdrawn) behaviour problems are prevalent in childhood. Few studies have prospectively measured relationships between childhood behaviour problems and adolescent health risk behaviour, a major predictor of morbidity and mortality. This study sought to determine relationships, by gender, between childhood behaviour problems and adolescent risky sexual behaviours and substance use. Methods: In a population-based birth cohort [The Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study], total, externalising and internalising behaviour problems (domain-specific T≥60) were calculated from parent-reported Child Behavior Checklist at ages 2, 5, 8, 10 and 14 years...
June 14, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605163/associations-of-bullying-and-cyberbullying-with-substance-use-and-sexual-risk-taking-in-young-adults
#4
George Kritsotakis, Maria Papanikolaou, Emmanouil Androulakis, Anastas E Philalithis
PURPOSE: This study aims at identifying the sex-stratified associations of involvement in traditional bullying during middle and high school years and in cyberbullying during college years with multiple health risk behaviors in undergraduate students. DESIGN: This cross-sectional analysis draws on the data of the second wave of the LATO study (Lifestyle & Attitudes in a Student Population) in Greece. METHODS: During November and December 2013, 812 second-year undergraduate students (mean age = 19...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604538/abstinence-only-sex-education-fails-african-american-youth
#5
Michelle Breunig
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) disproportionately affect U.S. African American (AA) youth. In AA faith communities, cultural practices have contributed to increased STI rates because abstinence-only-until-marriage education programs do not teach the use of condoms or birth control for preventing STIs or pregnancy. Comprehensive sex education or abstinence-plus programs have been reported to increase STI knowledge and reduce risk-taking behaviors in adolescents and young adults. Evidence supports computerized education to increase STI knowledge and decrease risky sexual behaviors of AA churchgoing youth...
July 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602666/a-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-group-intervention-for-hypersexual-disorder-a-feasibility-study
#6
Jonas Hallberg, Viktor Kaldo, Stefan Arver, Cecilia Dhejne, Katarina Görts Öberg
BACKGROUND: The proposed criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition for hypersexual disorder (HD) included symptoms reported by patients seeking help for excessive and out-of-control non-paraphilic sexual behavior, including sexual behaviors in response to dysphoric mood states, impulsivity, and risk taking. Although no prior studies of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for the treatment of HD have been performed, CBT has been found effective for dysphoric mood states and impulsivity...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599382/menarche-as-a-predictor-of-risk-taking-behavior-in-a-sample-of-hungarian-adolescent-girls
#7
Andrea Varga-Tóth, Ágnes Maróti-Nagy, Gábor Németh, Edit Paulik
Background The age at the time of the first sexual intercourse is declining, and the prevalence of smoking is increasing in adolescent girls in developed countries. Objective To assess the relationship between menarche and tobacco smoking and sexual activity in adolescent girls. Subjects Girls between 14 and 18 years, attending primary or secondary school. Methods Socio-demographic characteristics (age, living place, educational level of parents, self-estimated financial background), onset and parameters of periods, and risk behaviors (smoking, sexual activity) were measured by self-administered questionnaires...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598729/travel-abroad-increases-sexual-health-risk-taking-among-swedish-youth-a-population-based-study-using-a-case-crossover-strategy
#8
Mats Sundbeck, Anette Agardh, Per-Olof Östergren
BACKGROUND: The fact that youth take sexual risks when they are abroad have been shown in previous studies. However, it is not known if they increased their sexual risk-taking when travelling abroad, compared to the stay in their homeland. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether Swedish youth increased their individual sexual risk behaviour, defined as having a casual sex partner, when travelling abroad and to examine possible factors that may be associated with increased risk-taking abroad...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598682/mechanisms-linking-self-regulation-and-sexual-behaviors-in-never-married-young-adults
#9
Kristin L Moilanen, Mary Lynn Manuel
Little is known about specific mechanisms linking self-regulation to sexual risk taking. The present study considered four possibilities in emerging adulthood: sexual self-restraint, consideration of future consequences, substance use, and romantic competence. Never-married young adults (N = 274), ages 18 to 24, responded to anonymous Internet surveys (60.2% female, 78.8% European American, 66.3% university students). The effects of self-regulation were primarily indirect but varied by sexual behavior, suggesting that high self-regulation limits sexual risk via high sexual self-restraint and low substance use...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591093/testicular-cancer-update
#10
Nabil Adra, Lawrence H Einhorn
The advances seen in the treatment of testicular cancer are among the great achievements in modern medicine. These advances were made possible by the collaborative efforts of cancer researchers around the world. Investigators have been able to address many questions regarding the treatment of patients with disease limited to the testis, those with metastasis to the retroperitoneum only, and those with advanced metastatic disease. Questions answered include the chemotherapeutic agents to be used and in what combinations, the proper intensity of treatment and appropriate dosing, the optimal number of cycles of chemotherapy according to validated risk stratification, appropriate surgical approaches that preserve sexual function, the treatment of relapsed disease, what supportive care measures to take, and survivorship issues following treatment of testicular cancer...
May 2017: Clinical Advances in Hematology & Oncology: H&O
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582428/sex-in-the-shadow-of-hiv-a-systematic-review-of-prevalence-risk-factors-and-interventions-to-reduce-sexual-risk-taking-among-hiv-positive-adolescents-and-youth-in-sub-saharan-africa
#11
Elona Toska, Marija Pantelic, Franziska Meinck, Katharina Keck, Roxanna Haghighat, Lucie Cluver
BACKGROUND: Evidence on sexual risk-taking among HIV-positive adolescents and youth in sub-Saharan Africa is urgently needed. This systematic review synthesizes the extant research on prevalence, factors associated with, and interventions to reduce sexual risk-taking among HIV-positive adolescents and youth in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: Studies were located through electronic databases, grey literature, reference harvesting, and contact with researchers. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were followed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580807/adverse-childhood-environment-relationship-with-sexual-risk-behaviors-and-marital-status-in-a-large-american-sample
#12
Kermyt G Anderson
A substantial theoretical and empirical literature suggests that stressful events in childhood influence the timing and patterning of subsequent sexual and reproductive behaviors. Stressful childhood environments have been predicted to produce a life history strategy in which adults are oriented more toward short-term mating behaviors and less toward behaviors consistent with longevity. This article tests the hypothesis that adverse childhood environment will predict adult outcomes in two areas: risky sexual behavior (engagement in sexual risk behavior or having taken an HIV test) and marital status (currently married vs...
April 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566955/a-clinically-neglected-topic-risk-of-suicide-in-transgender-individuals
#13
Şahika Yüksel, Banu Aslantaş Ertekin, Mine Öztürk, Pervin Sevda Bikmaz, Zerrin Oğlağu
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine whether adolescence of transgender individuals is characterized by a high risk of suicide. METHODS: In total, 141 participants with transgenderism were questioned using a semi-structured interview to determine whether participants had current suicidal thoughts, had a lifetime history of such thoughts, or had attempted suicide. These findings were cross-referenced to the participants' sociodemographic characteristics, and information about their families' general attitudes toward sexuality, gender identity, and commitment to religious views...
March 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560941/thyroid-cancer-has-a-small-impact-on-patient-partner-relationships-and-their-frequency-of-sexual-activity
#14
Natalie Büel-Drabe, Hans Steinert, Hanspeter Moergeli, Steffi Weidt, Annina Seiler, Josef Jenewein
OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional survey examined changes in perceived relationships and sexual activity in a sample of thyroid cancer patients and their partners, taking into account sociodemographic and disease-related variables, as well as such outcome measures as anxiety, depression, fatigue, and quality of life (QoL). METHOD: A total of 38 patients with thyroid cancer who were being treated at the department of nuclear medicine in Zürich or Lucerne over the preceding seven years, as well as their partners, completed questionnaires about the quality of their relationships (RQ), about perceptions of changes in their relationships, and about their frequency of sexual activity...
May 31, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560591/individual-and-family-level-determinants-of-risky-sexual-behavior-among-swedish-and-foreign-born-young-adults-18-30%C3%A2-years-of-age-residing-in-sk%C3%A3-ne-sweden
#15
Benedict Oppong Asamoah, Anette Agardh
In Sweden, various public health interventions have been performed to reduce risky sexual behaviors among young people and promote safer and positive approaches to sexuality, while attempting to bridge the gap between the less privileged or more vulnerable young people and their more privileged peers. This study aimed to compare the individual- and familial-level determinants of risky sexual behavior among foreign-born and Swedish-born young adults 18-30 years of age residing in Skåne, the south of Sweden...
May 30, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559225/home-based-hiv-testing-and-counseling-for-male-couples-project-nexus-a-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Rob Stephenson, Ryan Freeland, Stephen P Sullivan, Erin Riley, Brent A Johnson, Jason Mitchell, Deborah McFarland, Patrick S Sullivan
BACKGROUND: HIV prevalence remains high among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States, yet the majority of research has focused on MSM as individuals, not as dyads, and has discussed HIV risks primarily in the context of casual sex. Nexus is an online prevention program that combines home-based HIV testing and couples HIV testing and counseling (CHTC). It allows partners in dyadic MSM relationships to receive HIV testing and care in the comfort of their designated residence, via video-based chat...
May 30, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556456/gender-violence-poverty-and-hiv-infection-risk-among-persons-engaged-in-the-sex-industry-cross-national-analysis-of-the-political-economy-of-sex-markets-in-30-european-and-central-asian-countries
#17
A Reeves, S Steele, D Stuckler, M McKee, A Amato-Gauci, J C Semenza
OBJECTIVES: Persons engaged in the sex industry are at greater risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections than the general population. One major factor is exposure to higher levels of risky sexual activity. Expanding condom use is a critical prevention strategy, but this requires negotiation with those buying sex, which takes place in the context of cultural and economic constraints. Impoverished individuals who fear violence are more likely to forego condoms. METHODS: Here we tested the hypotheses that poverty and fear of violence are two structural drivers of HIV infection risk in the sex industry...
May 28, 2017: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551446/intimate-partner-violence-and-pregnancy-epidemiology-and-impact
#18
Christian A Chisholm, Linda Bullock, James E Jef Ferguson
Intimate partner violence is a significant public health problem in our society, affecting women disproportionately. Intimate partner violence takes many forms, including physical violence, sexual violence, stalking, and psychological aggression. While the scope of intimate partner violence is not fully documented, nearly 40% of women in the United States are victims of sexual violence in their lifetimes and 20% are victims of physical intimate partner violence. Other forms of intimate partner violence are likely particularly underreported...
May 25, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538901/sexually-transmitted-infections-and-pro-lives-based-on-a-clinical-report
#19
Paulo Eduardo Neves Ferreira Velho
Physicians are also responsible for the increase in sexually transmitted infections. We report a case of patient inadequately monitored, that shows the importance of physicians to take basic measures with any individual at risk of acquiring such infections. We propose the following mnemonic acrostic: PRO-LIVES (Protection: usual and proper codom use, Responsibility, Other orientations, Laboratory tests -HIV infection, syphilis and B and C hepatitis-, Immunization: B hepatitis vaccination, Various: at least two patients, Ensure: case history and physical examination, Single dose treatment: whenever possible)...
March 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538870/liquid-silicone-used-for-esthetic-purposes-as-a-potentiator-for-occurrence-of-post-radiotherapy-genital-lymphedema-case-report
#20
Raíssa Quaiatti Antonelli, Davi Reis Calderoni, Igor Ferreira Garcia, Rafael Fantelli Stelini, Adriano Fregonesi, Paulo Kharmandayan
CONTEXT: Lymphedema consists of extracellular fluid retention caused by lymphatic obstruction. In chronic forms, fat and fibrous tissue accumulation is observed. Genital lymphedema is a rare condition in developed countries and may have primary or acquired etiology. It generally leads to urinary, sexual and social impairment. Clinical treatment usually has low effectiveness, and surgical resection is frequently indicated. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a male-to-female transgender patient who was referred for treatment of chronic genital lymphedema...
March 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
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