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Mental health committal

Seyedeh Narjes Zamani, Masoud Bagheri, Mohammad Abbas Nejad
BACKGROUND: Self immolation is a heinous way to commit suicide which is mostly prevalent in individuals who attempt to escape a stressful situation and is considered as a strange and unusual method. OBJECTIVES: This study examined demographic characteristics and mental health in self immolation attempters in the city of Bandar Abbas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two groups are involved in this enquiry. A group of 30 participants who have committed self-immolation and the other consisting of 15 non-committers...
September 2013: International Journal of High Risk Behaviors & Addiction
Lindy Wilbraham
Recent scholarship has explored the dynamics between families and colonial lunatic asylums in the late nineteenth century, where families actively participated in the processes of custodial care, committal, treatment and release of their relatives. This paper works in this historical field, but with some methodological and theoretical differences. The Foucauldian study is anchored to a single case and family as an illness narrative that moves cross-referentially between bureaucratic state archival material, psychiatric case records, and intergenerational family-storytelling and family photographs...
April 2014: Medical History
Gordana Dedić
BACKGROUND/AIM: The complex multifactorial etiology of suicide suggests the need to consider gender differences when developing effective strategies for suicide prevention. The aim of this study was to examine the suicide rates and/or trends obtained for population as a whole, including gender differences in cases of committed suicide and to consider factors (age groups, education, employment, marital status, nationality and methods) associated with it in Serbia within the period 2006-2010...
March 2014: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
Basile Keugoung, Emmanuel Tabah Kongnyu, Jean Meli, Bart Criel
OBJECTIVES: To describe the characteristics of suicide and assess the capacity of health services at the district level in Cameroon to deliver quality mental health care. METHODS: The study covered the period between 1999 and 2008 and was carried out in Guidiguis health district which had a population of 145 700 inhabitants in 2008. Data collection was based on psychological autopsy methods. To collect data, we used documentary review of medical archives, semi-structured interviews of relatives of suicide completers, a focus group discussion of health committee members and a survey to consulting nurses working at the primary health care level...
August 2013: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
Renee Pepin, Ashley A Williams, Lindsay N Anderson, Sara H Qualls
OBJECTIVES: Caregivers (CGs) of older adults have unique and diverse needs for intervention. The present studies describe the characteristics of CGs and caregiving situations and how these relate to CG therapy utilization patterns in a community mental health setting. METHOD: Study 1: Through chart review, the researchers explored service utilization patterns and identified preliminary typologies of Caregiver Family Therapy (CFT) clients, N = 23. Study 2: By conducting a second chart review, the researchers sought to determine whether the categories that emerged in Study 1 applied to a second group of CFT clients, N = 36...
2013: Aging & Mental Health
Angela McCarthy
This article argues for the blending of local, national, and transnational perspectives to explore comparative issues relating to asylum developments and provisions in New Zealand. It also aims to highlight some issues preoccupying authorities of the time and in doing so focuses on three key areas that generated comparative comment among medical officials in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries: asylum provision and funding, statistics, and forms of committal. These areas were of concern due to claims that insane patients were deliberately being shipped to New Zealand: that the colony had high admission and recovery rates; and that asylums in the colony were overcrowded...
2012: Health and History
Darran Flynn, Damian Smith, Luke Quirke, Stephen Monks, Harry G Kennedy
BACKGROUND: The ultra high risk state for psychosis has not been studied in young offender populations. Prison populations have higher rates of psychiatric morbidity and substance use disorders. Due to the age profile of young offenders one would expect to find a high prevalence of individuals with pre-psychotic or ultra-high risk mental states for psychosis (UHR). Accordingly young offender institutions offer an opportunity for early interventions which could result in improved long term mental health, social and legal outcomes...
2012: BMC Psychiatry
Yvette Giblin, Andy Kelly, Enda Kelly, Harry G Kennedy, Damian Mohan
BACKGROUND: Vulnerable prisoners and mentally disordered offenders who present with risk of harm to self or others were accommodated in Special Observation Cells (SOCs) isolated from others for considerable periods of time. This practice has been criticised by the Council of Europe Committee for the Prevention of Torture. The objective of this initiative was to reduce the use of seclusion within the prison and to improve the care of vulnerable and mentally ill prisoners within the prison...
2012: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
José María Martínez Ferretti
The use of psychiatric hospitalization for mental illness has evolved through Modernity. In the last century, indefinite and involuntary committal was a widespread practice but has now become an extraordinary and short-term therapeutic recourse. Even though law experts, doctors and other mental health professionals agree on the benefits of this shift, in practice there are disagreements rooted in the shortcomings of health service providers. The current medical and legal criteria for hospitalization of patients with mental disorders should move away from the concept of endangerment and embrace therapeutic procedures and social care...
May 2011: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
Grainne Flynn, Conor O'Neill, Clare McInerney, Harry G Kennedy
BACKGROUND: The assessment of those presenting to prison in-reach and court diversion services and those referred for admission to mental health services is a triage decision, allocating the patient to the appropriate level of therapeutic security. This is a critical clinical decision. We set out to improve on unstructured clinical judgement. We collated qualitative information and devised an 11 item structured professional judgment instrument for this purpose then tested for validity...
2011: BMC Psychiatry
Arie Bauer, Yakov Chernes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2010: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
John Ellery Gray, Bernadette Maree McSherry, Richard L O'Reilly, Penelope June Weller
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this paper is to compare the mental health Acts of the eight Australian jurisdictions and the 13 Canadian jurisdictions on three major issues: involuntary admission criteria, treatment authorization/consent and compulsory treatment in the community, in the light of international trends towards patients' rights. METHOD: The legislation was examined against the background of rights instruments such as the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities...
December 2010: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Catharine Coleborne
International historians have begun to challenge the view that the nineteenth-century psychiatric hospital was a place of horrors and custody, and have shown that families were sometimes intimate with the institutions of the past, often participating in the process of institutional committal. This article explores the state of historical inquiry into families and insanity in Australia and New Zealand. It asserts that by re-examining patient cases we might find fresh insights into the dynamic between families and mental health...
2009: Health and History
Diana Meier-Allmendinger
Any coercive medical intervention is a massive curtailment of the affected person's freedom that is in direct contradiction to their right to self-determination. This is why any such intervention must be laid on a solid legal and ethical foundation. Any decision to commit a person against their will for medical care will have to be made with due regard for both the institution's medical duty and society's interest in public safety. Any such decision must also involve careful consideration of whether the individual concerned is at acute risk of harming or injuring themselves or others as a result of their mental condition...
August 2009: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
B D Kelly
BACKGROUND: The history of institutional care for individuals with intellectual disability is under-researched, complex and troubling. AIMS: To explore the experiences of women who may have had intellectual disability and/or mental illness and were admitted to forensic psychiatric care in early twentieth-century Ireland. METHODS: All female case records at the Central Mental Hospital, Dublin from 1910 to 1948 (n = 42) were studied for evidence of possible intellectual disability and a series of five cases is presented in detail...
September 2010: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Shelley Trueman
CTO/IOC legislation is a bewildering array of presumptions and inconsistencies. It is a reaction to the inherent difficulties of de-institutionalizing treatment into the community and has been based on heated arguments of misconceptions and misunderstandings of various proponents and opponents of CTOs/IOC. Legislators in the United Stated have implemented widely varying legislation over the past twenty-five years yet there is little common basis for states to proceed on or even to analyse when conceptualizing IOC legislation...
2003: Health Law Journal
Alexander I F Simpson, Brian McKenna, Andrew Moskowitz, Jeremy Skipworth, Justin Barry-Walsh
BACKGROUND: Homicides by mentally ill persons have led to political concerns about deinstitutionalisation. AIMS: To provide accurate information about the contribution of mental illness to homicide rates. METHOD: Retrospective study of homicide in New Zealand from 1970 to 2000, using data from government sources. 'Mentally abnormal homicide'perpetrators were defined as those found unfitto stand trial, not guilty by reason of insanity, convicted and sentenced to psychiatric committal, or convicted of infanticide...
November 2004: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1957: L'Hygiéne Mentale
Tony L Farrow, Brian G McKenna, Anthony J O'Brien
Voluntary patients entering mental health units retain the right to accept or refuse treatment, including ongoing admission, as they see fit. However the nature of acute mental distress means that some patients have fluctuations in their mental status and competency to make informed decisions. Inpatient mental health nurses face the ongoing challenge of practising in a way that balances the requirement to support and promote the autonomy of voluntary patients with the need, occasionally, to take actions which although they may appear paternalistic are needed to protect those patients or other people...
July 2002: Nursing Praxis in New Zealand Inc
Rainer H Straub, Manfred Schedlowski et al.
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2002: Trends in Immunology
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