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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920675/the-mental-health-burden-of-mayan-women-in-rural-guatemala
#1
Sasha Hernandez, Esther Han, Juan Manuel Chuc Ajanel, Leah Jones, Jill Edwardson
Mental health is more prevalent among Indigenous populations than in the general population,[1] with Indigenous women at highest risk of disease burden.[2] While gender inequality and biological factors[3] contribute to this disparity between sexes, there is limited understanding of the social and clinical characteristics of Indigenous women in Latin America impacted by mental health disorders. Clearer understanding is imperative in helping to alleviate the global burden of such disorders among these vulnerable populations...
June 19, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800706/surgical-treatment-for-severe-and-rigid-scoliosis-a-case-matched-study-between-idiopathic-scoliosis-and-syringomyelia-associated-scoliosis
#2
Zhongyang Li, Fei Lei, Peng Xiu, Xi Yang, Lei Wang, Ganjun Feng, Limin Liu, Yueming Song, Chunguang Zhou
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Treatment guidelines for severe and rigid syringomyelia-associated scoliosis (SRSMS) are limited. Typically, surgeons apply practice guidelines for severe and rigid idiopathic scoliosis (SRIS) to treat SRSMS. No study has directly compared the results of surgical treatment between patients with SRSMS and those with SRIS. PURPOSE: This study was performed to compare the outcomes of surgical correction of SRSMS and SRIS from clinical and radiographic perspectives...
May 22, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788128/sleep-patterns-and-problems-among-army-national-guard-soldiers
#3
Lucas P Hansen, Caroline Kinskey, Erin Koffel, Melissa Polusny, John Ferguson, Sonja Schmer-Galunder, Christopher R Erbes
Introduction: Adequate sleep plays an integral role in the physical and mental health of individuals, while simultaneously influencing their cognitive and work performance. Having recognized this, the U.S. Army has focused efforts on improving soldiers' healthy sleep behaviors. This study examines the extent to which mental health, alcohol use, and certain sleep hygiene behaviors predict sleep problems within an Army National Guard sample (N = 438). Materials and Methods: This manuscript is part of a larger study approved through the Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Medical Center Institutional Review Board...
May 18, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778018/phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-anti-depressant-medicinal-plants-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Jeanette Martins, Brijesh S
Stress renders an individual to experience mental pressure and exhaustion which brings about feelings of anxiety, depression, anger and/or other negative emotions. Depression affects a person's state of mind, behaviour, health and is often associated with suicide. The use of anti-depressant drugs as therapeutic agents is associated with symptoms such as, delayed onset of action, side-effects, drug-drug and dietary interactions, sexual dysfunction, cardiac toxicity, etc. Thus, there is need to target these issues and improve current treatment options...
August 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756069/implementation-of-depression-and-anxiety-screening-in-patients-undergoing-radiotherapy
#5
Adam L Holtzman, Deidre B Pereira, Anamaria R Yeung
Anxiety and depression are disabling, underdiagnosed issues that affect the management of oncology patients. Until recently, there has been no standard protocol for screening and treating these ailments at our cancer centre. The purpose of this institutional review board-approved study was to analyse the implementation of a screening tool in our clinical workflow with the aim of screening over 90% of patients and increasing referrals to mental health services by 50%.
2018: BMJ Open Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606330/characterization-of-disability-following-traumatic-through-knee-and-transfemoral-amputations
#6
David J Tennent, Elizabeth M Polfer, Nicole M Sgromolo, Chad A Krueger, Benjamin K Potter
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to characterize through knee and transfemoral amputations following severe traumatic injuries. METHODS: A retrospective review of all transfemoral and through knee amputations sustained by United States military service members from 1 October 2001 to 30 July 2011 was conducted. Data from the Department of Defense Trauma Registry, the Armed Forces Health Longitudinal Technology Application, inpatient medical records and the Physical Evaluation Board Liaison Offices were queried in order to obtain characteristics related to injury sustained, demographics, treatment, and disability/mental health outcome data...
March 27, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590428/personality-factors-and-their-impact-on-ptsd-and-post-traumatic-growth-is-mediated-by-coping-style-among-oif-oef-veterans
#7
Elsa Mattson, Lisa James, Brian Engdahl
Introduction: Traumatic experiences can trigger negative effects such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, some individuals may also experience positive changes following trauma exposure. These changes are known as post-traumatic growth (PTG). Dispositional and situational factors are likely at play in determining both severity of PTSD symptoms and whether and to what degree an individual experiences PTG. This study examined how coping style and personality traits interact to influence PTSD and PTG...
March 26, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566696/how-do-nhs-organisations-plan-research-capacity-development-strategies-strengths-and-opportunities-for-improvement
#8
Melanie Gee, Jo Cooke
Research that is integral into a 'learning healthcare system' can promote cost effective services and knowledge creation. As such, research is defined as a 'core function' in UK health service organisations, and is often planned through research and development (R&D) strategies that aim to promote research activity and research capacity development (RCD). The discussion focuses around the content of ten R&D strategies for healthcare organisations in England and Scotland, with respect to RCD. These organisations were engaged with a research interest network called ACORN (Addressing Organisational Capacity to do Research Network) that included two Scottish Health Boards, four community and mental health trusts, two provincial district hospitals, and two teaching hospitals...
March 22, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553441/depression-in-patients-treated-with-haemodialysis-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Samah W Al-Jabi, Ansam Sous, Fatimah Jorf, Mahmoud Taqatqa, Mahdi Allan, Lamees Sawalha, Enas Lubadeh, Sa'ed H Zyoud, Waleed M Sweileh
BACKGROUND: The increasing incidence of end-stage renal disease in the Palestinian population and the effect of the disease on the psychological status of the patient underlie the importance of increasing knowledge about the mental health status of patients with end-stage renal disease. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of depression in Palestinian patients treated with haemodialysis and its correlation with patients' clinical characteristics, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and adherence to medications...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550783/study-protocol-for-vitality-a-proof-of-concept-randomised-controlled-trial-of-exercise-training-or-complex-mental-and-social-activities-to-promote-cognition-in-adults-with-chronic-stroke
#10
John R Best, Janice J Eng, Jennifer C Davis, Robin Hsiung, Peter A Hall, Laura E Middleton, Peter Graf, Charles H Goldsmith, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
INTRODUCTION: Cerebrovascular disease-such as stroke-is the second most common cause of dementia (ie, vascular dementia). Specifically, a stroke increases one's risk for dementia by a factor of two. Thus, stroke survivors represent a target population in need of intervention strategies to promote cognitive function and prevent dementia. The current standard of care in stroke rehabilitation does not adequately address the significant cognitive consequences of stroke, especially for those who are in the chronic phase (ie, >12 months since an index stroke)...
March 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547946/prevalence-of-pain-diagnoses-and-burden-of-pain-among-active-duty-soldiers-fy2012
#11
Sharon Reif, Rachel Sayko Adams, Grant A Ritter, Thomas V Williams, Mary Jo Larson
Introduction: Soldiers are at risk for acute and chronic pain due to the mental and physical challenges of military duties and ongoing training for force readiness. With the burden of pain on any individual attributable across pain sources, a broad perspective that goes beyond prior characterizations of pain is important. We aim to further the understanding of pain's effects among non-deployed active duty soldiers and the Military Health System (MHS), by describing prevalence of 10 painful conditions, reported pain levels, duration of pain and impact of pain on military duty limitations...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547934/developing-a-measure-to-assess-emotions-associated-with-never-being-deployed
#12
Rachel A Hoopsick, D Lynn Homish, Paul T Bartone, Gregory G Homish
Background: Much research has focused on stress related to deployments; however, a substantial proportion of soldiers never deploy. In a study of 1.3 million veterans, suicide risk was higher among veterans who had never deployed. Thus, not being deployed may have an impact on soldiers' well-being; however, no measures exist to assess emotions regarding non-deployment. We aimed to develop and test an original measure of non-deployment emotions. Methods: We examined the Non-Deployment Emotions (NDE) questionnaire, a novel four-item measure of guilt, unit value, unit camaraderie, and unit connectedness in a sample of never-deployed male and female US Army Reserve/National Guard (USAR/NG) soldiers (N = 174)...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525480/safety-of-reassessment-and-release-practice-for-mental-health-patients-boarded-in-the-emergency-department
#13
Sangil Lee, Karisa K Harland, Morgan Bobb Swanson, Sara Lawson, Elijah Dahlstrom, Lance Clemson, Elaine Himadi
OBJECTIVES: Among emergency department (ED) mental health and substance abuse (MHSA) patients, we sought to compare mortality and healthcare utilization by ED discharge disposition and inpatient bed request status. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of 492 patients was conducted at a single University ED. We reviewed three groups of MHSA patients including ED patients that were admitted, ED patients with a bed request that were discharged from the ED, and ED patients with no bed request that were discharged from the ED...
February 27, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472262/a-prospective-cohort-study-to-investigate-parental-stress-and-child-health-in-low-income-chinese-families-protocol-paper
#14
Rosa Sze Man Wong, Esther Yee Tak Yu, Vivian Yawei Guo, Eric Yuk-Fai Wan, Weng-Yee Chin, Carlos King Ho Wong, Colman Siu Cheung Fung, Keith Tsz Suen Tung, Wilfred Hing-Sang Wong, Patrick Ip, Agnes Fung Yee Tiwari, Cindy Lo Kuen Lam
INTRODUCTION: Chronic stress has adverse effects on health. Adults and children from low-income families are subject to multiple sources of stress. Existing literature about economic hardship mostly focuses on either adults or children but not both. Moreover, there is limited knowledge on the relationship between parental generalised stress and child health problems. This study aims to explore the bidirectional relationship between parental stress and child health in Chinese low-income families and to identify other modifiable factors influencing this relationship...
February 22, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468261/in-vivo-molecular-profiling-of-human-glioma-cross-sectional-observational-study-using-dynamic-susceptibility-contrast-magnetic-resonance-perfusion-imaging
#15
Johann-Martin Hempel, Jens Schittenhelm, Uwe Klose, Benjamin Bender, Georg Bier, Marco Skardelly, Ghazaleh Tabatabai, Salvador Castaneda Vega, Ulrike Ernemann, Cornelia Brendle
PURPOSE: To assess the diagnostic performance of dynamic susceptibility contrast perfusion magnetic resonance perfusion imaging (DSC-MRI) for in vivo human glioma molecular profiling. METHODS: In this study 100 patients with histopathologically confirmed glioma who provided written informed consent were retrospectively assessed between January 2016 and February 2017 in two prospective trials that were approved by the local institutional review board. Cerebral blood volume (CBV) measurements from DSC-MRI were assessed, and histogram parameters of relative CBV (rCBV) results were compared among World Health Organization (WHO) 2016 based histological findings and molecular characteristics...
February 21, 2018: Clinical Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444712/physical-activity-as-treatment-for-alcohol-use-disorders-fitforchange-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Mats Hallgren, Victoria Andersson, Örjan Ekblom, Sven Andréasson
BACKGROUND: Help-seeking for alcohol use disorders (AUDs) is low and traditional treatments are often perceived as stigmatizing. Physical activity has positive effects on mental and physical health which could benefit this population. We propose to compare the effects of aerobic training, yoga, and usual care for AUDs in physically inactive Swedish adults. METHODS: This is a three-group, parallel, single-blind, randomized controlled trial (RCT). In total, 210 adults (aged 18-75 years) diagnosed with an AUD will be invited to participate in a 12-week intervention...
February 14, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437756/pre-post-mixed-methods-feasibility-study-of-the-workingwell-mobile-support-tool-for-individuals-with-serious-mental-illness-in-the-usa-a-pilot-study-protocol
#17
Joanne Nicholson, Spenser M Wright, Alyssa M Carlisle
INTRODUCTION: Successful competitive employment has been found to be related to enhanced self-esteem, higher quality of life and reduced mental health service use for individuals living with serious mental illnesses (SMIs) including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression. The effectiveness of the individual placement and support model has been demonstrated in multiple randomised controlled trials in many countries. The management of stress, depression and anxiety in the workplace may be effectively enhanced through digital mental health interventions...
February 6, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420772/purchased-behavioral-health-care-received-by-military-health-system-beneficiaries-in-civilian-medical-facilities-2000-2014
#18
Nikki R Wooten, Jordan A Brittingham, Ronald O Pitner, Abbas S Tavakoli, Diana D Jeffery, K Sue Haddock
Introduction: Behavioral health conditions are a significant concern for the U.S. military and the Military Health System (MHS) because of decreased military readiness and increased health care utilization. Although MHS beneficiaries receive direct care in military treatment facilities, a disproportionate majority of behavioral health treatment is purchased care received in civilian facilities. Yet, limited evidence exists about purchased behavioral health care received by MHS beneficiaries...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415229/military-personnel-who-seek-health-and-mental-health-services-outside-the-military
#19
Howard Waitzkin, Mario Cruz, Bryant Shuey, Daniel Smithers, Laura Muncy, Marylou Noble
Background: Although research conducted within the military has assessed the health and mental health problems of military personnel, little information exists about personnel who seek care outside the military. The purpose of this study is to clarify the personal characteristics, mental health diagnoses, and experiences of active duty U.S. military personnel who sought civilian sector services due to unmet needs for care. Materials and Methods: This prospective, multi-method study included 233 clients, based in the United States, Afghanistan, South Korea, and Germany, who obtained care between 2013 and 2016 from a nationwide network of volunteer civilian practitioners...
February 27, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371263/tulsa-1000-a-naturalistic-study-protocol-for-multilevel-assessment-and-outcome-prediction-in-a-large-psychiatric-sample
#20
Teresa A Victor, Sahib S Khalsa, W Kyle Simmons, Justin S Feinstein, Jonathan Savitz, Robin L Aupperle, Hung-Wen Yeh, Jerzy Bodurka, Martin P Paulus
INTRODUCTION: Although neuroscience has made tremendous progress towards understanding the basic neural circuitry underlying important processes such as attention, memory and emotion, little progress has been made in applying these insights to psychiatric populations to make clinically meaningful treatment predictions. The overall aim of the Tulsa 1000 (T-1000) study is to use the NIMH Research Domain Criteria framework in order to establish a robust and reliable dimensional set of variables that quantifies the positive and negative valence, cognition and arousal domains, including interoception, to generate clinically useful treatment predictions...
January 24, 2018: BMJ Open
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