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Mental health review board

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854449/state-psychology-licensure-questions-about-mental-illness-and-compliance-with-the-americans-with-disabilities-act
#1
Jennifer E Boyd, Bruce Graunke, Frederick J Frese, James T R Jones, Jennifer W Adkins, Ronald Bassman
State licensing boards have obligations to protect the public from impaired professionals and to protect the rights of professionals applying for licensure. Competently functioning professionals who have or have had a mental health diagnosis or are being treated for a mental health condition should not be screened out, according to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). A review of case law shows applicable precedents from discrimination among physicians and lawyers but not, to date, among psychologists...
2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847352/the-effects-of-an-e-mental-health-program-and-job-coaching-on-the-risk-of-major-depression-and-productivity-in-canadian-male-workers-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
JianLi Wang, Scott B Patten, Raymond W Lam, Mark Attridge, Kendall Ho, Norbert Schmitz, Alain Marchand, Bonnie M Lashewicz
BACKGROUND: Major depression (MDE) is prevalent in men and affects men's health and productivity. Because of the stigma against depression and social/gender norms, men are less likely to seek help for emotion and stress-related issues. Therefore, innovative solutions tailored for men are needed. With rapid development of the Internet and information technologies, one promising solution that has drawn considerable attentions is electronic mental (e-mental) health programs and services...
November 15, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830237/will-mhealth-revolutionize-health-and-clinical-management-and-open-up-new-horizons-for-mental-health
#3
E Conchon, N Bricon-Souf
OBJECTIVES: To summarize recent research and emerging trends in the field of Health and Clinical management and propose a selection of best papers for year 2015. METHODS: A literature review has been conducted by the two section editors and computerized provider order entry systems from bibliographic databases regards to health clinical management. As a result, a list of 15 candidate papers has been elaborated and a peer-reviewed has been performed by external reviewers...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800159/case-management-at-an-outpatient-unit-for-severe-and-enduring-eating-disorder-patients-at-stockholm-centre-for-eating-disorders-a-study-protocol
#4
M Molin, Y von Hausswolff-Juhlin, C Norring, L Hagberg, S A Gustafsson
BACKGROUND: Patients with severe and enduring eating disorders (SEED) are seriously ill and have a low quality of life. Case management (CM), originally developed for adult patients with severe mental disabilities, has been shown to enhance social functioning and improve quality of life, while reducing the number and length of hospitalizations. In 2014, a special unit based on CM, for patients with SEED (the Eira unit) was started at Stockholm Centre for Eating Disorders, Sweden. METHOD/DESIGN: This study aims to investigate if CM can improve SEED patients' quality of life, and reduce their eating disorder symptoms as well as their health care consumption...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775961/gastroparesis-quality-of-life-and-health-care-utilization
#5
Brian E Lacy, Michael D Crowell, Carole Mathis, David Bauer, Leslie J Heinberg
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gastroparesis (GP) patients suffer from recurrent symptoms of nausea, vomiting, early satiety, and abdominal pain. The impact of GP on quality of life (QoL), health care utilization and daily activities is not well understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Part 1: 398 adult patients (≥18 y) with documented GP (symptoms >6 mo) were surveyed to assess QoL and pain using the Short Form 36 and McGill pain questionnaires. Part 2: 491 adult GP patients were surveyed to evaluate employment status, work and daily activities, medication use, physician visits, diagnostic testing, emergency room visits, and hospitalizations related to their GP symptoms...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754500/the-growing-regulation-of-conversion-therapy
#6
Jack Drescher, Alan Schwartz, Flávio Casoy, Christopher A McIntosh, Brian Hurley, Kenneth Ashley, Mary Barber, David Goldenberg, Sarah E Herbert, Lorraine E Lothwell, Marlin R Mattson, Scot G McAfee, Jack Pula, Vernon Rosario, D Andrew Tompkins
Conversion therapies are any treatments, including individual talk therapy, behavioral (e.g. aversive stimuli), group therapy or milieu (e.g. "retreats or inpatient treatments" relying on all of the above methods) treatments, which attempt to change an individual's sexual orientation from homosexual to heterosexual. However these practices have been repudiated by major mental health organizations because of increasing evidence that they are ineffective and may cause harm to patients and their families who fail to change...
2016: Journal of Medical Regulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746664/national-human-research-ethics-a-preliminary-comparative-case-study-of-germany-great-britain-romania-and-sweden
#7
Bernard Gallagher, Anne H Berman, Justyna Bieganski, Adele D Jones, Liliana Foca, Ben Raikes, Johanna Schiratzki, Mirjam Urban, Sara Ullman
Although international research is increasing in volume and importance, there remains a dearth of knowledge on similarities and differences in "national human research ethics" (NHREs), that is, national ethical guidelines (NEGs), Institutional Review Boards (IRBs), and research stakeholder' ethical attitudes and behaviors (EABs). We begin to address this situation by reporting upon our experiences in conducting a multinational study into the mental health of children who had a parent/carer in prison. The study was conducted in 4 countries: Germany, Great Britain, Romania, and Sweden...
October 2, 2016: Ethics & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703782/ketamine-stimulating-antidepressant-treatment
#8
Gin S Malhi, Yulisha Byrow, Frederick Cassidy, Andrea Cipriani, Koen Demyttenaere, Mark A Frye, Michael Gitlin, Sidney H Kennedy, Terence A Ketter, Raymond W Lam, Rupert McShane, Alex J Mitchell, Michael J Ostacher, Sakina J Rizvi, Michael E Thase, Mauricio Tohen
SUMMARY: The appeal of ketamine - in promptly ameliorating depressive symptoms even in those with non-response - has led to a dramatic increase in its off-label use. Initial promising results await robust corroboration and key questions remain, particularly concerning its long-term administration. It is, therefore, timely to review the opinions of mood disorder experts worldwide pertaining to ketamine's potential as an option for treating depression and provide a synthesis of perspectives - derived from evidence and clinical experience - and to consider strategies for future investigations...
May 2016: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668915/the-impact-of-mental-health-services-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department-the-implications-of-having-trained-psychiatric-professionals
#9
Sharon M Holder, Kenneth Rogers, Eunice Peterson, Robbie Shoenleben, Dawn Blackhurst
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed improvement in the emergency department (ED) length of stay and costs after implementation of an ED program which added board-certified psychiatrists and trained psychiatric social workers to the pediatric ED. METHODS: A retrospective medical record and administrative data review were conducted for all pediatric psychiatric visits of children aged 5 to 18 years who were seen and discharged from the Greenville Memorial Hospital ED between January 1, 2007, and June 31, 2013...
September 23, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630071/investigating-the-feasibility-of-an-enhanced-contact-intervention-in-self-harm-and-suicidal-behaviour-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-delivering-a-social-support-and-wellbeing-intervention-following-self-harm-swish
#10
Nilufar Ahmed, Ann John, Saiful Islam, Richard Jones, Pippa Anderson, Charlotte Davies, Ashra Khanom, Shaun Harris, Peter Huxley
INTRODUCTION: Self-harm is a strong predictor for suicide. Risks for repeat behaviour are heightened in the aftermath of an index episode. There is no consensus on the most effective type of intervention to reduce repetition. Treatment options for patients who do not require secondary mental health services include no support, discharge to general practitioner or referral to primary care mental health support services. The aim of this study is to assess whether it is feasible to deliver a brief intervention after an episode and whether this can reduce depressive symptoms and increase the sense of well-being for patients who self-harm...
September 14, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603048/neuropsychology-in-mexico
#11
Feggy Ostrosky Shejet, Alicia Velez Garcia
OBJECTIVE: This invited paper explores the diverse pathways that have led to the development of neuropsychology in Mexico. METHOD: The authors conducted a review of the literature and their own experiences to describe the seminal events and people relevant to the development of this area of research and practice. RESULTS: The master's degree is the usual level of educational attainment for those who wish to practice clinical neuropsychology...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521244/practices-employed-by-south-african-healthcare-providers-to-obtain-consent-for-treatment-from-children
#12
Michelle Bester, Yolanda Havenga, Zea Ligthelm
BACKGROUND: The ability to consent promotes children's access to health services. Healthcare providers should assess and arrive at a clinical judgement about the child's maturity and mental capacity to obtain valid consent. RESEARCH OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine practices employed by South African healthcare providers to obtain consent for treatment from children. RESEARCH DESIGN: A qualitative, explorative, descriptive research design was used and the study was contextual...
August 12, 2016: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27354853/factors-relating-to-the-mental-health-of-women-who-were-pregnant-at-the-time-of-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-analysis-from-month-10-to-month-48-after-the-earthquake
#13
Kineko Sato, Maki Oikawa, Mai Hiwatashi, Mari Sato, Nobuko Oyamada
BACKGROUND: The Great East Japan Earthquake occurred at 2:46 p.m. on March 11, 2011. The epicenter was off the coast of Miyagi prefecture, and the magnitude of the earthquake was 9.0 with a maximum seismic intensity of 7.0. Although it has already been four years, victims continue to have complex problems. In the stricken areas of Miyagi prefecture, almost ten percent of the residents continue to live in temporary housing. Life altering events that force relocation and a change of living environment are known to adversely affect mental health...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27255923/a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-nutritional-supplementation-and-promotion-of-responsive-parenting-in-madagascar-the-mahay-study-design-and-rationale
#14
Lia C H Fernald, Emanuela Galasso, Jumana Qamruddin, Christian Ranaivoson, Lisy Ratsifandrihamanana, Christine P Stewart, Ann M Weber
BACKGROUND: Over half of the world's children suffer from poor nutrition, and as a consequence they experience delays in physical and mental health, and cognitive development. There is little data evaluating the effects of delivery of lipid-based, nutrition supplementation on growth and development during pregnancy and early childhood within the context of a scaled-up program. Furthermore, there is limited evidence on effects of scaled-up, home-visiting programs that focus on the promotion of child development within the context of an existing, national nutrition program...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27213143/osteopathic-medical-student-administered-smoking-cessation-counseling-is-an-effective-tool
#15
Barbara Capozzi, Ariel Chez, Taissia Carpenter, Laura Hubert, Lissa Hewan-Lowe, Asli Ozcan, Sonu Sahni
BACKGROUND: Physician counseling on the risks of tobacco smoking and the benefits of cessation has been shown to be an effective method of increasing the rate of smoking cessation. Using the "Help Your Patients Quit Smoking: A Coaching Guide" also referred to as the "7A's of Smoking Cessation" guideline from the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene is thought to be effective to convey the importance of smoking cessation. AIM: To study the efficacy of the "7A's of Smoking Cessation" guideline counseling conducted by osteopathic medical students...
April 2016: North American Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27209143/the-burden-of-mental-neurological-and-substance-use-disorders-in-china-and-india-a-systematic-analysis-of-community-representative-epidemiological-studies
#16
REVIEW
Fiona J Charlson, Amanda J Baxter, Hui G Cheng, Rahul Shidhaye, Harvey A Whiteford
BACKGROUND: China and India jointly account for 38% of the world population, so understanding the burden attributed to mental, neurological, and substance use disorders within these two countries is essential. As part of the Lancet/Lancet Psychiatry China-India Mental Health Alliance Series, we aim to provide estimates of the burden of mental, neurological, and substance use disorders for China and India from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 (GBD 2013). METHODS: In this systematic analysis for community representative epidemiological studies, we conducted systematic reviews in line with PRISMA guidelines for community representative epidemiological studies...
July 23, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27087988/unexpected-deaths-of-children-and-young-people-in-the-uk
#17
Paul Stallard, Michelle Maguire, Justin Daddow, Rosie Shepperd, Mike Foster, Jill Berry
Aims and method To review the deaths of children and young people who took their own life. We conducted a retrospective analysis of serious incident reports from a National Health Service trust and reviews by the child death overview panels of the local safeguarding children boards. Results We identified 23 deaths, with annual rates varying considerably between local authorities and over time. Over half of the children (n = 13, 56%) were not known to specialist child and adolescent mental health services, with 11 having no contact with any agency at the time of their death...
April 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27041680/factors-associated-with-review-board-dispositions-following-re-hospitalization-among-discharged-persons-found-not-criminally-responsible
#18
Catherine M Wilson, Tonia L Nicholls, Yanick Charette, Michael C Seto, Anne G Crocker
In the Canadian forensic mental health system, a person found Not Criminally Responsible on account of Mental Disorder (NCRMD) and given a conditional discharge returns to the community while remaining under the jurisdiction of a provincial/territorial Review Board. However, the individual can be re-hospitalized while on conditional discharge, for reasons such as substance use, violation of conditions, or violence. We investigated whether being re-hospitalized has an impact on the factors associated with the subsequent Review Board disposition...
March 2016: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27016248/an-investigation-of-general-predictors-for-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-outcome-for-anxiety-disorders-in-a-routine-clinical-setting
#19
Sara Kerstine Kaya Nielsen, Signe Vangkilde, Kate B Wolitzky-Taylor, Sarah Ingrid Franksdatter Daniel, Ida Hageman
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is effective for treating anxiety disorders and is offered in most mental health services around the world. However, a relatively large number of patients with anxiety disorders do not benefit from CBT, experience relapses or drop out. Reliable predictors of treatment effects are lacking. The aim of this study is to investigate the predictive value of emotion regulation and attentional control for CBT outcome in a routine setting. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: In this prospective and practice-based study, 112 patients with anxiety disorders referred for manual-based group CBT at two psychiatric outpatient clinics will be recruited...
March 25, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26973958/the-impact-of-healthcare-workers-job-environment-on-their-mental-emotional-health-coping-strategies-the-case-of-a-local-general-hospital
#20
Aristotelis Koinis, Vasiliki Giannou, Vasiliki Drantaki, Sophia Angelaina, Elpida Stratou, Maria Saridi
Workplace stress can influence healthcare professionals' physical and emotional well-being by curbing their efficiency and having a negative impact on their overall quality of life. The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact that work environment in a local public general hospital can have on the health workers' mental-emotional health and find strategies in order to cope with negative consequences. The study took place from July 2010 to October 2010. Our sample consisted of 200 healthcare professionals aged 21-58 years working in a 240-bed general hospital and the response rate was 91...
April 13, 2015: Health Psychology Research
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