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Turmeric and cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417091/biological-activities-of-curcuminoids-other-biomolecules-from-turmeric-and-their-derivatives-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Augustine Amalraj, Anitha Pius, Sreerag Gopi, Sreeraj Gopi
In recent years, several drugs have been developed deriving from traditional products and current drug research is actively investigating the possible therapeutic roles of many Ayruvedic and Traditional Indian medicinal therapies. Among those being investigated is Turmeric. Its most important active ingredient is curcuminoids. Curcuminoids are phenolic compounds commonly used as a spice, pigment and additive also utilized as a therapeutic agent used in several foods. Comprehensive research over the last century has revealed several important functions of curcuminoids...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331366/the-effects-of-turmeric-curcumin-on-tumor-suppressor-protein-p53-and-estrogen-receptor-er%C3%AE-in-breast-cancer-cells
#2
Kelly Hallman, Katie Aleck, Brigitte Dwyer, Victoria Lloyd, Meghan Quigley, Nada Sitto, Amy E Siebert, Sumi Dinda
Curcumin (CUR) is a compound that has antibacterial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer properties. In this study, we have analyzed the effects of CUR on the expression of ERα and p53 in the presence of hormones and anti-hormones in breast cancer cells. Cells were cultured in a medium containing charcoal-stripped fetal bovine serum to deplete any endogenous steroids and treated with CUR at varying concentrations or in combination with hormones and anti-hormones. Protein analysis revealed a relative decrease in the levels of p53 and ERα upon treatment with 5-60 µM CUR...
2017: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222667/curcumin-inhibits-cancer-progression-through-regulating-expression-of-micrornas
#3
REVIEW
Siying Zhou, Sijie Zhang, Hongyu Shen, Wei Chen, Hanzi Xu, Xiu Chen, Dawei Sun, Shanliang Zhong, Jianhua Zhao, Jinhai Tang
Curcumin, a major yellow pigment and spice in turmeric and curry, is a powerful anti-cancer agent. The anti-tumor activities of curcumin include inhibition of tumor proliferation, angiogenesis, invasion and metastasis, induction of tumor apoptosis, increase of chemotherapy sensitivity, and regulation of cell cycle and cancer stem cell, indicating that curcumin maybe a strong therapeutic potential through modulating various cancer progression. It has been reported that microRNAs as small noncoding RNA molecules are related to cancer progression, which can be regulated by curcumin...
February 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216882/anticancer-potential-of-nutraceutical-formulations-in-mnu-induced-mammary-cancer-in-sprague-dawley-rats
#4
Gummalla Pitchaiah, Annapurna Akula, Vishala Chandi
BACKGROUND: Nutraceuticals help in combating some of the major health problems of the century including cancer, and 'nutraceutical formulations' have led to the new era of medicine and health. OBJECTIVE: To develop different nutraceutical formulations and to assess the anticancer potential of nutraceutical formulations in N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU)-induced mammary cancer in Sprague Dawley rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Different nutraceutical formulations were prepared using fine powders of amla, apple, garlic, onion, papaya, turmeric, and wheat grass with and without cow urine distillate...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193559/dual-functional-mesoporous-silicon-nanoparticles-enhance-the-radiosensitivity-of-vpa-in-glioblastoma
#5
Hailong Zhang, Wei Zhang, Yong Zhou, Yuhua Jiang, Shupeng Li
Radiotherapy is a critical strategy and standard adjuvant approach to glioblastoma treatment. One of the major challenges facing radiotherapy is to minimize radiation damage to normal tissue without compromising therapeutic effects on cancer cells. Various agents and numerous approaches have been developed to improve the therapeutic index of radiotherapy. Among them, radiosensitizers have attracted much attention because they selectively increase susceptibility of cancer cells to radiation and thus enhance biological effectiveness of radiotherapy...
April 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187956/cytotoxic-and-apoptotic-effects-of-the-combination-of-palladium-ii-5-5-diethylbarbiturate-complex-with-bis-2-pyridylmethyl-amine-and-curcumin-on-non-small-lung-cancer-cell-lines
#6
Duygu Tunc, Egemen Dere, Didem Karakas, Buse Cevatemre, Veysel Turan Yilmaz, Engin Ulukaya
Metal-based chemotherapeutics such as cisplatin are widely used treatment of lung cancer which is the major cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Recent studies demonstrated that novel metal-based compounds have strong cytotoxic activity in a similar way as cisplatin. Therefore, metal-based compounds have been synthesized and investigated in order to determine their cytotoxic activities. It has been also reported curcumin, which has been derived from turmeric plant, has powerful cytotoxic effect on various cancer cell lines...
March 1, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181675/a-placebo-controlled-double-blinded-randomized-pilot-study-of-combination-phytotherapy-in-biochemically-recurrent-prostate-cancer
#7
M Diana van Die, Scott G Williams, Jon Emery, Kerry M Bone, Jeremy M G Taylor, Elizabeth Lusk, Marie V Pirotta
BACKGROUND: Men with biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer following local therapies often use natural supplements in an attempt to delay metastases and/or avoid the need for more aggressive treatments with undesirable side-effects. While there is a growing body of research into phytotherapeutic agents in this cohort, with some promising results, as yet no definitive recommendations can be made. This pilot study was undertaken to assess the feasibility of a fully-powered study to examine the effects of this phytotherapeutic intervention (containing turmeric, resveratrol, green tea and broccoli sprouts) on PSA doubling time in men with biochemical recurrence with a moderate PSA rise rate...
February 9, 2017: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167449/curcumin-and-treatment-of-melanoma-the-potential-role-of-micrornas
#8
REVIEW
Diana Lelli, Claudio Pedone, Amirhosssein Sahebkar
Melanoma is the most aggressive type of skin cancer and is characterized by poor prognosis in its advanced stages because treatments are poorly effective and burdened with severe adverse effects. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that are implicated in several cellular processes; they are categorized as oncogenic and tumor suppressor miRNAs. Several miRNAs are implicated in the pathogenesis and progression of melanoma, such as the tumor suppressor miR-let7b that targets cyclin D and regulates cell cycle...
April 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160777/curcumin-decreases-malignant-characteristics-of-glioblastoma-stem-cells-via-induction-of-reactive-oxygen-species
#9
Zachary C Gersey, Gregor A Rodriguez, Eric Barbarite, Anthony Sanchez, Winston M Walters, Kelechi C Ohaeto, Ricardo J Komotar, Regina M Graham
BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) is the most common and lethal form of primary brain tumor in adults. Following standard treatment of surgery, radiation and chemotherapy, patients are expected to survive 12-14 months. Theorized cause of disease recurrence in these patients is tumor cell repopulation through the proliferation of treatment-resistant cancer stem cells. Current research has revealed curcumin, the principal ingredient in turmeric, can modulate multiple signaling pathways important for cancer stem cell self-renewal and survival...
February 4, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115093/%C3%AE%C2%BA-carrageenan-an-effective-drug-carrier-to-deliver-curcumin-in-cancer-cells-and-to-induce-apoptosis
#10
Malairaj Sathuvan, Ramar Thangam, Mani Gajendiran, Raju Vivek, Sengottuvelan Balasubramanian, Subramani Nagaraj, Palani Gunasekaran, Balaraman Madhan, Ramasamy Rengasamy
The current study is to develop a natural drug carrier with seaweed derived polymers namely κ-Carrageenan (κ-Car) for drug delivery applications. κ-Car is a natural polysaccharide which derived from edible red seaweeds, they are easily available, non-toxic, cost effective, biodegradable and biocompatible nature. Curcumin (Cur) is a yellow-orange polyphenol existing in turmeric, which is predominantly used as spice and food coloring agent. The ultimate use of polymeric composites, especially those composed of natural polymers, has become a very interesting approach in recent drug delivery applications, due to their non-toxicity and biological origin...
March 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105222/curcumin-suppresses-the-proliferation-of-gastric-cancer-cells-by-downregulating-h19
#11
Gao Liu, Tian Xiang, Quan-Feng Wu, Wei-Xing Wang
Curcumin, a major phytochemical in turmeric, inhibits the proliferation of many types of solid cancer cells by enhancing p53 expression. However, the long non-coding RNA H19 directly inhibits p53 activation and thus promotes gastric cancer progression. The aim of this study was to assess the role of H19 in curcumin-induced proliferative inhibition of gastric cancer. The gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901 was treated with curcumin at different concentrations and time points. The effect of curcumin on proliferation was assessed using cell counting kit-8 assays and flow cytometry with Ki67 staining...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075008/promising-anti-tumor-properties-of-bisdemethoxycurcumin-a-naturally-occurring-curcumin-analogue
#12
REVIEW
Mahin Ramezani, Mahdi Hatamipour, Amirhosein Sahebkar
Curcuminoids are turmeric-extracted phytochemicals with documented chemopreventive and anti-tumor activities against several types of malignancies. Curcuminoids can modulate several molecular pathways and cellular targets involved in different stages of tumor initiation, growth and metastasis. Bisdemethoxycurcumin (BDMC) is a minor constituent (approximately 3%) of curcuminoids that has been shown to be more stable than the other two main curcuminoids i.e. curcumin and demthoxycurcumin. Recent studies have revealed that BDMC has anti-tumor effects exerted through a multimechanistic mode of action involving inhibition of cell proliferation, invasion and migration, metastasis and tumour growth, and induction of apoptotic death in cancer cells...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071969/curcumin-induces-apoptosis-in-human-leukemic-cell-lines-through-an-ifit2-dependent-pathway
#13
Yonglu Zhang, Yunyuan Kong, Shuyuan Liu, Lingbing Zeng, Lagen Wan, Zhanglin Zhang
Curcumin, the primary bioactive component isolated from turmeric, has been shown to possess variety of biologic functions including anti-cancer activity. However, molecular mechanisms in different cancer cells are various. In the present study, we demonstrated that curcumin induced G2/M cell cycle arrest and apoptosis by increasing the expression levels of cleaved caspase-3, cleaved PARP and decreasing the expression of BCL(-)2 in U937 human leukemic cells but not in K562 cells. We found some interferon induced genes, especially interferon-induced protein with tetratricopeptide repeats 2 (IFIT2), were significantly upregulated when treated with curcumin in U937 cells by gene expression chip array, and further confirmed that the expression of IFIT2 was obviously higher in U937 than that in K562 cells by Western blot assay...
January 2, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930973/phytosomal-curcumin-a-review-of-pharmacokinetic-experimental-and-clinical-studies
#14
REVIEW
Hamed Mirzaei, Abolfazl Shakeri, Bahman Rashidi, Amin Jalili, Zarrin Banikazemi, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Curcumin, a hydrophobic polyphenol, is the principal constituent extracted from dried rhizomes of Curcuma longa L. (turmeric). Curcumin is known as a strong anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory agent that has different pharmacological effects. In addition, several studies have demonstrated that curcumin is safe even at dosages as high as 8g per day; however, instability at physiological pH, low solubility in water and rapid metabolism results in a low oral bioavailability of curcumin. The phytosomal formulation of curcumin (a complex of curcumin with phosphatidylcholine) has been shown to improve curcumin bioavailability...
January 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908756/a-novel-curcumin-derivative-which-inhibits-p-glycoprotein-arrests-cell-cycle-and-induces-apoptosis-in-multidrug-resistance-cells
#15
Vanessa Lopes-Rodrigues, Ana Oliveira, Marta Correia-da-Silva, Madalena Pinto, Raquel T Lima, Emília Sousa, M Helena Vasconcelos
Cancer multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major limitation to the success of cancer treatment and is highly associated with the overexpression of drug efflux pumps such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp). In order to achieve more effective chemotherapeutic treatments, it is important to develop P-gp inhibitors to block/decrease its activity. Curcumin (1) is a secondary metabolite isolated from the turmeric of Curcuma longa L.. Diverse biological activities have been identified for this compound, particularly, MDR modulation in various cancer cell models...
January 15, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896883/curcumin-as-a-multifaceted-compound-against-human-papilloma-virus-infection-and-cervical-cancers-a-review-of-chemistry-cellular-molecular-and-preclinical-features
#16
REVIEW
Manouchehr Teymouri, Matteo Pirro, Thomas P Johnston, Amirhosein Sahebkar
Curcumin, the bioactive polyphenolic ingredient of turmeric, has been extensively studied for its effects on human papilloma virus (HPV) infection as well as primary and malignant squamous cervical cancers. HPV infections, especially those related to HPV 16 and 18 types, have been established as the leading cause of cervical cancer; however, there are also additional contributory factors involved in the etiopathogenesis of cervical cancers. Curcumin has emerged as having promising chemopreventive and anticancer effects against both HPV-related and nonrelated cervical cancers...
November 29, 2016: BioFactors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895783/curcumin-suppresses-colon-cancer-cell-invasion-via-ampk-induced-inhibition-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-upa-activator-and-mmp9
#17
Weihua Tong, Quan Wang, Donghui Sun, Jian Suo
Curcumin, an active nontoxic ingredient of turmeric, possesses potent anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anti-cancer properties; however, the molecular mechanisms of curcumin are not fully understood. The transcription factor nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) is key in cellular processes, and the expression/activation of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9) are crucial for cell invasion. The present study investigated the hypothesis that curcumin inhibits colon cancer cell invasion by modulating NF-κB-mediated expression and activation of uPA and MMP9...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888157/curcumin-use-in-pulmonary-diseases-state-of-the-art-and-future-perspectives
#18
REVIEW
Diana Lelli, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Thomas P Johnston, Claudio Pedone
Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) is a yellow pigment present in the spice turmeric (Curcuma longa). It has been used for centuries in Ayurveda (Indian traditional medicine) for the treatment of several diseases. Over the last several decades, the therapeutic properties of curcumin have slowly been elucidated. It has been shown that curcumin has pleiotropic effects, regulating transcription factors (e.g., NF-kB), cytokines (e.g., IL6, TNF-alpha), adhesion molecules (e.g., ICAM-1), and enzymes (e.g., MMPs) that play a major role in inflammation and cancerogenesis...
January 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874279/cucurmin-anticancer-and-antitumor-perspectives-a-comprehensive-review
#19
Muhammad Imran, Farhan Saeed, Muhammad Nadeem, Muhammad Umair Arshad, Azmat Ullah, Hafiz Ansar Rasul Suleria
Cucurmin, a naturally yellow component isolated from turmeric, ability to prevent various life-style related disorders. The current review article mainly emphasizes on different anticancer perspectives of cucurmin i.e. colon, cervical, uterine, ovarian, prostate head and neck, breast, pulmonary, stomach and gastric, pancreatic, bladder oral, oesophageal and bone cancer. It holds a mixture of strong bioactive molecule known as cucurminoids that has ability to reduce cancer/tumor at initial, promotion and progression stages of tumor development...
November 22, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834897/curcumin-as-a-modulator-of-p-glycoprotein-in-cancer-challenges-and-perspectives
#20
REVIEW
Vanessa Lopes-Rodrigues, Emília Sousa, M Helena Vasconcelos
Multidrug resistance (MDR) presents a serious challenge to the efficiency of cancer treatment, and may be associated with the overexpression of drug efflux pumps. P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is a drug efflux pump often found overexpressed in cases of acquired MDR. Nevertheless, there are no P-gp inhibitors being used in the current clinical practice, due to toxicity problems, drug interactions, or pharmacokinetic issues. Therefore, it is important to identify novel inhibitors of P-gp activity or expression. Curcumin is a secondary metabolite isolated from the turmeric of Curcuma longa L...
November 10, 2016: Pharmaceuticals
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