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Turmeric and cancer

Edgar Teddy Quispe-Soto, Gloria M Calaf
Global cancer burden increased to 14.1 million new cases in 2012; and breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide, with nearly 1.7 million new cases diagnosed in 2012. Curcumin is the major bioactive ingredient extracted from the rhizome of the plant Curcuma longa (turmeric). Paclitaxel is a microtubule-stabilizing agent originally isolated from the bark of Taxus brevifolia. Curcumin and paclitaxel were evaluated with two human breast cancer cell lines as the luminal MCF-7 and the basal-like MDA-MB-231 that are either positive or negative for hormonal receptors estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor and HER2, respectively...
October 19, 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Hui-Mei Lee, Vyomesh Patel, Lie-Fen Shyur, Wai-Leng Lee
BACKGROUND: Oral cancer is the sixth most common cancer worldwide and 90% of oral malignancies are caused by oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Curcumin, a phytocompound derived from turmeric (Curcuma longa) was observed to have anti-cancer activity which can be developed as an alternative treatment option for OSCC. However, OSCC cells with various clinical-pathological features respond differentially to curcumin treatment. HYPOTHESIS: Intracellular copper levels have been reported to correlate with tumor pathogenesis and affect the sensitivity of cancer cells to cytotoxic chemotherapy...
November 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Liran Horev, Yuval Ramot, Laurent Klapholz
Yellow discoloration of the skin may be caused by several etiologies, including jaundice, hypervitaminosis, drug reaction or chemical exposure. Herein we describe a 68-year-old woman with a history of breast and thyroid carcinoma, presenting with a yellow discoloration of her soles, after ingestion of one capsule a day of turmeric root extract (Bluebonnet Turmeric Root, 500 mg, Vcap), taken for its anti-cancer properties, for 4 months. After drug cessation, the yellow hue disappeared completely. A Naranjo assessment score of 5 was obtained, indicating a probable relationship between the patient's symptom and her use of the drug...
December 2015: Drug Saf Case Rep
Lili Zhang, Shuli Man, Huanna Qiu, Zhen Liu, Mi Zhang, Long Ma, Wenyuan Gao
Curcumin (CUR), as a yellow pigment in the spice turmeric (Curcuma longa), possessed a pleiotropic application containing cancer therapy. Due to its poor oral bioavailability, the objective of this study was to investigate the use of curcumin-cyclodextrin complexes (CD15) as an approach to cancer chemoprevention. In this study, CUR encapsulation into the β-cyclodextrin (CD) cavity was achieved by the saturated aqueous solution method. CD15 was characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and UV spectra analyses...
October 1, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Mona Alibolandi, Marzieh Mohammadi, Seyed Mohammad Taghdisi, Mohammad Ramezani, Khalil Abnous
In the current study, dextran (DEX) was covalently conjugated to the surface of nano-GO sheets, making stable biocompatible dextran coated GO (GO-DEX). The prepared GO-DEX was nontoxic to 4T1 mammary carcinoma cell line at concentrations up to 300μg/mL. AS1411 aptamer, a ssDNA aptamer which can improve the intracellular uptake by nucleolin recognition, also has been introduced to hydroxyl groups of DEX in GO-DEX to produce GO-DEX-Apt. Moreover, curcumin (CUR), a natural polyphenol, found in the rhizomes of Curcuma longa (turmeric) which shows antineoplastic effects, was loaded onto the GO-DEX and GO-DEX-Apt via π-π stacking interactions with a high loading capacity (∼29wt%)...
January 2, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Sharma S Prabhakar
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is currently well established as the most common cause of end-stage renal disease in most parts of the world. Notwithstanding the expanding basic and clinical research in this field, the pathogenesis remains far from clear and hence the treatment of DN remains suboptimal. There is a critical need for the development of newer therapeutic strategies including alternative and complementary therapies. One of the natural products that was extensively studied in cancer and other chronic disease states such as diabetes is curcumin, an active ingredient in turmeric, a spice extensively used in India...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
Ashapurna Sarma, Vishal P Sharma, Arindam B Sarkar, M Chandra Sekar, Karunakar Samuel, Michael E Geusz
BACKGROUND: Curcuminoids of the spice turmeric and their enhanced derivatives have much potential as cancer treatments. They act on a wide variety of biological pathways, including those regulating cell division and circadian rhythms. It is known that circadian clocks can modify cancer therapy effectiveness, according to studies aimed at optimizing treatments based on the circadian cycle. It is therefore important to determine whether treatments with curcumin or similar chemotherapeutic agents are regulated by circadian timing...
September 29, 2016: BMC Cancer
Demirpolat Eren, Yerer Mukerrem Betul
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In our study, anticancer effects of 6-gingerol, 6-shogaol from ginger and curcumin from turmeric were investigated and the results were compared with each other. We aimed to reveal their effects on microsomal prostaglandine E2 synthase 1 (mPGES-1) which is related with cancer progression and inflammation as well as β-catenin and glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK-3β) that are the main components of Wnt/GSK3 pathway. As it is known activation of GSK-3β and high levels of mPGES-1 pathway leads to cell proliferation and aggravates cancer progression...
October 25, 2016: Chemico-biological Interactions
Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara, Devivasha Bordoloi, Ganesan Padmavathi, Javadi Monisha, Nand Kishor Roy, Sahdeo Prasad, Bharat B Aggarwal
Curcumin, a yellow pigment in the Indian spice Turmeric (Curcuma longa), which is chemically called as diferuloylmethane was first isolated exactly two centuries ago in 1815 by two German Scientists, Vogel and Pelletier. According to pubmed database, however, the first paper was published on its biological activity in 1949 in Nature as an antibacterial agent, and the first clinical trial reported in Lancet in 1937. Although the current database indicates almost 9000 publications on curcumin but until 1990 there were less than 100 papers published on this nutraceutical...
September 17, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
Whasun Lim, Muhah Jeong, Fuller W Bazer, Gwonhwa Song
Curcumin, a natural pigment for yellow color that originates from turmeric, is a diarylheptanoid widely studied for its anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic, anti-oxidant and anti-cancer effects on cells. In placental diseases including preeclampsia and preterm birth, curcumin reduces pro-inflammatory cytokines. Even though curcumin is regarded as a novel chemotherapeutic agent with strong apoptotic effects based on phenolic structure, little is known about its functional effects on choriocarcinoma. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the chemotherapeutic effects of curcumin on choriocarcinoma cells (JAR and JEG3), which are valuable placental models...
August 31, 2016: Biology of Reproduction
Lei Cao, Jiangbo Liu, Lun Zhang, Xue Xiao, Wei Li
Curcumin (diferuloylmethane), a natural polyphenol present in turmeric, possesses a wide spectrum of pharmacological properties, including antioxidant and antitumor metastatic activities. However, the underlying mechanisms by which curcumin suppresses the metastasis of pancreatic cancer are still not fully elucidated. Our previous study demonstrated that a moderate amount of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is able to promote pancreatic cancer invasion. The aim of this study was to determine whether curcumin can suppress H2O2-induced tumor invasive and migratory abilities...
October 2016: Oncology Reports
Temitope A Adeyeni, Natasha Khatwani, KayKay San, Uthayashanker R Ezekiel
The B-cell-specific Moloney murine leukemia virus integration site 1 (BMI1) locus encodes a 37-kD protein that is a key regulatory component of the polycomb regulatory complex 1 (PRC1). When overexpressed in various cancer types, the BMI1 protein induces cell growth and promotes tumor growth in vitro and in vivo. Curcumin, a major phytochemical in turmeric (Curcuma longa), inhibits the proliferation and survival of many types of cancer cells, both in vitro and in vivo, and has been reported to reduce BMI1 expression in breast cancer cells...
August 2016: Physiological Reports
Minakshi Rana, Preeti Maurya, Sukka S Reddy, Vishal Singh, Hafsa Ahmad, Anil K Dwivedi, Madhu Dikshit, Manoj K Barthwal
The TLR/IL-1R pathway is a critical signaling module that is misregulated in pathologies like inflammation and cancer. Extracts from turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) enriched in curcumin and carbonyls like turmerones have been shown to exert potent anti-inflammatory effects. The present study evaluated the anti-inflammatory activity, cytotoxic effect and the underlying mechanism of a novel chemically modified, non-carbonyl compound enriched Curcuma longa L. (C. longa) extract (CMCE). CMCE (1 or 10 μg/mL; 14 h) significantly decreased LPS (50-100 ng/mL) induced TNF-α and IL-1β production in THP-1 cells, human, and mouse whole blood as measured by ELISA...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Hung-Sheng Shang, Chuan-Hsun Chang, Yu-Ru Chou, Ming-Yang Yeh, Man-Kuan Au, Hsu-Feng Lu, Yung-Lin Chu, Hsiao-Min Chou, Hsiu-Chen Chou, Yung-Luen Shih, Jing-Gung Chung
Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers in women worldwide and it is a prominent cause of cancer mortality. Curcumin is one of the major compounds from Turmeric and has been shown to induce cytotoxic cell death in human cervical cancer cells. However, there is no study to show curcumin induced DNA damage action via the effect on the DNA damage and repair protein in cervical cancer cells in detail. In this study, we investigated whether or not curcumin induced cell death via DNA damage, chromatin condensation in human cervical cancer HeLa cells by using comet assay and DAPI staining, respectively, we found that curcumin induced cell death through the induction of DNA damage, and chromatin condensation...
October 2016: Oncology Reports
Dhanaraju Mandalapu, Karan S Saini, Sonal Gupta, Vikas Sharma, Mohd Yaseen Malik, Swati Chaturvedi, Veenu Bala, Hamidullah, Subhadra Thakur, Jagdamba P Maikhuri, Muhammad Wahajuddin, Rituraj Konwar, Gopal Gupta, Vishnu Lal Sharma
The anti-cancer property of curcumin, an active component of turmeric, is limited due to its poor solubility, stability and bioavailability. To enhance its efficacy, we designed a novel series of twenty-four monocarbonyl curcumin analogue-1,2,3-triazole conjugates and evaluated their anti-cancer activity towards endocrine related cancers. The new compounds (17-40) were synthesized through CuAAC click reaction and SAR analysis carried out. Out of these all, compound 17 showed most significant anti-cancer activity against prostate cancer cells with IC50 values of 8...
September 1, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Corri B Levine, Julie Bayle, Vincent Biourge, Joseph J Wakshlag
BACKGROUND: Adjunctive use of nutraceuticals in human cancer has shown promise, but little work has been done in canine neoplasia. Previous human research has shown that polyphenols and carotenoids can target multiple pathways in vitro and in vivo. These compounds could synergize or antagonize with currently used chemotherapies, either increasing or decreasing the effectiveness of these drugs. Considering the routine and well controlled feeding practices of most dogs, the use of nutraceuticals incorporated into pet food is attractive, pending proof that the extracts are able to improve remission rates...
2016: BMC Veterinary Research
Jayashree Vinay Joshi, Sujata S Jagtap, Prajakta Hemant Paradkar, Priya Walwatkar, Hemant S Paradkar, Zubair M Affandi, Ashok D B Vaidya
Cervical cancer is preventable because the carcinogenesis is slow and there are opportunities to detect precancerous lesions by Papanicolaou (Pap) smears, colposcopy, or HPV DNA tests and to treat them by antimicrobials, surgery or cold CO2 vapourization. We have earlier reported on the chemopreventive potential of integrated treatment with antimicrobials therapy followed by a standardized oral Turmeric Oil (TO) extract upto 12 weeks in women who had persistent Low-grade Squamous Intra-epithelial Lesion (LSIL) in their Pap smears...
April 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
Pandima Devi Kasi, Rajavel Tamilselvam, Krystyna Skalicka-Woźniak, Seyed Fazel Nabavi, Maria Daglia, Anupam Bishayee, Hamidreza Pazoki-Toroudi, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi
In recent years, natural edible products have been found to be important therapeutic agents for the treatment of chronic human diseases including cancer, cardiovascular disease, and neurodegeneration. Curcumin is a well-known diarylheptanoid constituent of turmeric which possesses anticancer effects under both pre-clinical and clinical conditions. Moreover, it is well known that the anticancer effects of curcumin are primarily due to the activation of apoptotic pathways in the cancer cells as well as inhibition of tumor microenvironments like inflammation, angiogenesis, and tumor metastasis...
July 28, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Longzhu Piao, Sumit Mukherjee, Qing Chang, Xiujie Xie, Hong Li, Mario R Castellanos, Probal Banerjee, Hassan Iqbal, Ryan Ivancic, Xueqian Wang, Theodoros N Teknos, Quintin Pan
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the sixth most prevalent cancer worldwide with about 600,000 new cases diagnosed in the last year. The incidence of human papillomavirus-positive head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HPV-positive HNSCC) has rapidly increased over the past 30 years prompting the suggestion that an epidemic may be on the horizon. Therefore, there is a clinical need to develop alternate therapeutic strategies to manage the growing number of HPV-positive HNSCC patients. TriCurin is a composition of three food-derived polyphenols in unique stoichiometric proportions consisting of curcumin from the spice turmeric, resveratrol from red grapes, and epicatechin gallate from green tea...
July 16, 2016: Oncotarget
Ting Lian, Mingli Peng, Alphons J M Vermorken, Yanyan Jin, Zhiyi Luo, Wim J M Van de Ven, Yinsheng Wan, Peng Hou, Yali Cui
Curcumin, a polyphenol extracted from turmeric (Curcuma longa), has emerged as a potent multimodal cancer-preventing agent. It may attenuate the spread of cancer and render chemotherapy more effective. However, curcumin is neither well absorbed nor well retained in the blood, resulting in low efficacy. In an attempt to enhance the potency and to improve the bioavailability of curcumin, new delivery agents, hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD)-modified GoldMag nanoparticles (CD-GMNs) were designed and synthesized to incorporate curcumin...
June 2016: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
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